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黑龙江省大庆铁人中学2016届高三上学期期中试题


大庆铁人中学高三学年上学期期中考试 英语试题
出题人: 马宝成 审核人:齐殿秋 试卷说明:1、本试卷满分 150 分,答题时间 120 分钟。 2、请将答案直接填涂在答题卡上,考试结束只交答题卡。

第 I 卷 客观题(满分 100 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 7.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the relationship between the two speakers? A. Employer and employee. 2. Where was the man born? A. In Sydney. 3. What are the two speakers doing? A. Watching television. 4. Which tablecloth is cheaper? A. The green one. 5. What does the man mean? A. He will go to the library. C. He will go to school this morning. B. He will borrow these books. B. The red one. C. The blue one. B. Listening to the teacher. C. Making the program. B. In Ireland. C. In Scotland. B. Waitress and customer. C. Mother and son.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独自读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. Where does this conversation most probably take place? A. At a party. B. In an office. C. In the woman’s house. B. He is alone at Christmas. 7. Why is the man feeling down? A. He doesn’t know anybody there. C. He doesn’t like Christmas. 请听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9、10 题。 8. How does the man get the information about homeless population? A. From an article. A. One million. A. India. B. From radio. B. Two million. B. The US. C. From TV. C. Three million. C. Germany. 9. How many homeless people are there in India? 10. Which country has the highest percentage of homeless people? 请听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。
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11. What is the man doing? A. Asking about reading habits. B. Questioning about an evening school. C. Exchanging reading experience with the woman. 12. How much time does the woman spend a week reading newspapers? A. About two or three hours. C. About seven or eight hours. 13. What does the woman like best? A. Newspapers. B. Textbooks. C. Novels. 请听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What does the woman think of surfing the Net at first? A. It is a waste of time. 15. What is the man doing? A. Doing shopping. A. E-shopping. B. Writing a paper. B. E-mail. C. Searching for information. C. E-card. 16. What does the man recommend to his mother? 请听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Which event is going to be held next? A. Men’s 50-meter freestyle. C. Women’s 100-meter freestyle. 18. What do we know about Alice Godley? A. She has broken records. C. She has won three races so far this month. 19. Who was supposed to swim in Lane 2? A. Beth Cromer. A. London Sports Club. B. Karen Gibson. B. Manchester Club. C. Elizabeth Hampton. C. Liverpool Club. 20. Which club does Beth Cromer represent? B. She is good at 50-meter backstroke. B. Women’s 50-meter freestyle. B. It can save time. C. It is fantastic. B. About four or five hours.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节;满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Decision-thinking is not unlike poker—it often matters not only what you think, but also what others think you think and what you think they think you think. The mental process is similar. Naturally, this card game has often been of considerable interest to people who are, by any standards, good thinkers. The great mathematician John von Neumann was one of the founders of game theory. In particular , he showed that all games fall into two classes : there are what he called games of “ perfect information ” , games like chess where the players can’t hide anything or play tricks : they don’t win by chance , but by means of logic and skills . Then there are games of “imperfect information”, like poker, in which it is impossible to know in advance that one course of action is better than another.
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One mistaken idea about business is that it can be treated as a game of “perfect information”. Quite the reverse, business, polities, life itself are games which we must normally play with very imperfect information. Business decisions are often made with many unknown and unknowable factors, which would even puzzle the best poker players. But few business people find it comfortable to admit that they are taking a chance, and many still prefer to believe that they are playing chess, not poker. 21. The subject discussed in this text is __________. A. the process of reaching decisions C. the secret of making good business plans A. rules A. Quite right. B. luck B. True enough. B. the difference between poker and chess. D. the value of information in winning games C. time C. Most unlikely. D. ideas D. Just the opposite.

22. An important factor in a game of imperfect information is __________. 23. Which of the following can be used in place of “Quite the reverse ” in Paragraph 3 ? 24. In the writer’s opinion, when making business decisions one should _________. A. put perfect information before imperfect information B. accept the existence of unknown factors C. regard business as a game of chess D. mix known and unknown factors B Christian Eijkman, a Dutch doctor, left the Netherlands for the island of Java. Many people on the island had a disease called beri-beri. He was going there to try and find a cure. At first, Eijkman thought some kind of germ (细菌) caused beri-beri. He raised some chickens. He didn’t eat them, but made experiments on them. The local people were quite surprised at that. One day he noticed that his chickens became sick when they were fed the food most Javanese ate — refined white rice (精炼米). When he fed them with unrefined rice, also known as brown rice, they recovered. Eijkman realized that he had made an important discovery — that some things in food could prevent disease. These things were named vitamins. The Javanese were not getting enough vitamins because they had actually removed the part that contains vitamins. Later, other diseases were also found to be caused by the lack of vitamins in a person’s food. Today many people know the importance of vitamins and they make sure they have enough vitamins from the food they eat. If they don’t, they can also take vitamin pills. 25. Christian Eijkman went to the island of Java to ______. A. help the Javanese with their illness C. do some research about the island 26. Why did Christian Eijkman raise some chickens? A. To eat them. C. To give the Javanese a surprise. A. eat more rice B. eat vitamin pills B. To make money by selling them. D. To carry out his experiments. C. eat some chicken C Dolphins(海豚) live in a dark underwater world. It’s often impossible to see each other or D. eat more meat B. find ways to grow better crops D. spend his holiday

27. If a person doesn’t get enough vitamins in his diet, he’d better ______.

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anything else around them, so sound plays an important role in their survival. To communicate with each other, dolphins produce all kinds of sounds. Only other dolphins understand what the sounds mean. Scientists haven’t uncovered their secret communication, except for one kind of whistle. It might last less than a second, but this whistle is a big deal. Why? Because these whistles are actually names of dolphins - and every dolphin has one. Scientists call these sounds a “signature whistle.” When other dolphins hear the whistle, they know which dolphin is calling. Dolphins often hunt by themselves but still need to stay connected to the group. Since they can’t always see each other, dolphins use their signature whistles to check in with other dolphins hundreds of yards away. “In coastal areas, dolphins exchange whistles even when they’re a third of a mile apart,” says Greg Campbell, who studies animals. That means dolphins shout out to group members that might be nearly five football fields away. What’s amazing is who names the baby dolphin. Not the mother. Not an auntie dolphin or another group member. Scientists believe the baby dolphin itself comes up with the signature whistle. Like human babies, a baby dolphin plays with sounds throughout its first year. While testing its sound skills, a baby dolphin is doing something amazing. It’s creating or figuring out its signature whistle. How or why it chooses its signature whistle is not clear. Studies show that most of the time the signature whistle is nothing like its mother’s or group members’ whistles. When the baby dolphin is about a year old, its signature whistle is set. It repeats it often so the other dolphins learn to recognize it. Deciphering( 破 译 ) dolphin names is just the beginning of figuring out what dolphins communicate about. Do they chat about sharks? Discuss the tides? Maybe they even have a name for people. Someday scientists are to decipher the rest of dolphins’ communication. 28.Sound is important for dolphins because of ______. A.their poor sense of direction C.their strong enemies 29.The dolphin’s signature whistle ______. A.lasts along time C.is especially helpful in hunting A.encourage readers to study dolphins B.tell readers how dolphins communicate C.show how lovely and clever dolphins are D.introduce a special sound made by dolphins 31.A baby dolphin gets its name ______. A.soon after it was born C.all by itself B.according to its size D.with the help of its group D Jeanne Calment, a French woman, became a record breaker on 17 October of 1995, when at the age of 120 years and 238 days, she became the longest-lived human being on record. A Japanese man died in 1986 at the age of 120 years and 237 days. Jeanne Calment lives in a small old people’s home in the south of France; her husband, her B.can travel long distances D.can be recognized by other animals B.their living environment D.their big groups

30.The author writes the text mainly to ______.

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only child and her grandson have all died. She is nearly blind and deaf and is always in a wheelchair, but her doctor describes her as being more like a 90-year-old in good health than someone of 120. She still has a lively sense of humor. When asked on her 120th birthday what she expected of the future, she replied: A very short one. She also remarked that she thought the good Lord had forgotten all about her. So what is the key to a long life? According to some doctors, diet, exercise and no smoking are the three important factors. Jeanne Calment has followed two of the tips. She has always eaten a healthy diet, and she used to do exercise every day until she broke her leg at the age of 115. However, until recently she drank two glasses of strong red wine a day, and she does smoke (now only a little). Besides, Jeanne Calment might have got very good genes from her parents. Her father lived to the age of 94 and her mother to 86. A local lawyer bought her house when she was 80 under an agreement that he would pay her some money every year until her death. It must have seemed a good move at the time, but so far the lawyer has paid her at least three times the value of the house. Every year on her birthday Jeanne Calment sends him a card saying: Sorry, I’m still alive! 32. How does Jeanne Calment feel about her old age? A. She is miserable and unhappy. C. She would like to live much longer. A. smoking only a little every day B. She is cheerful and humorous. D. She feels she is going to die very soon. B. her giving up smoking and drinking

33. Jeanne Calment owes her good health and long life to _______. C. drinking two glasses of strong red wine every day D. the good genes from her parents, a healthy diet and some exercise 34. Which of the following could best replace the word “move” in the fourth paragraph? A. deal birthday? A. Because she had an agreement at 80 with the lawyer which was to her advantage. B. Because she has asked the lawyer to pay her more rent than they first agreed. C. Because the lawyer has paid her much more money than the value of the house. D. Because the house she sold to the lawyer isn’t worth the money he has already paid. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 In our daily life, we have developed a lot of habits, such as, eating habit, study habit, reading habit, etc. However, taking the time to develop a sleep habit is probably the last thing on your mind and some sleep advice simply can’t be forgotten. Watching TV until you fall asleep It has nothing to do with what you watch —TV news isn’t a better pre-sleep choice than TV series. 37 . The bright light keeps you awake all the night. So even if you nod off (in front of the TV, for example), you probably won’t stay asleep for long. Sleeping with pets 38 . They get comfortable, and then they move. This goes on all night, and whether you 36 . B. trick C. march D. sport 35. Why does Jeanne Calment say “Sorry, I’m still alive” to the local lawyer every year on her

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admit it or not, it interrupts your ability to get the level of sleep needed to feel rested. Eating fatty, heavy foods too close to bedtime Heartburn (烧心,胃痛) strikes anyone of any age, but it’s the most common GI disorder (胃肠 失调) in older adults. If you’ve ever tried to go to sleep after eating a fatty meal, you’ve probably found the discomfort of stomach preventing you from falling asleep or staying asleep. 39 Remember how poorly you sleep when you have a fever—turning over and over again, never really feeling rested? Well, heavy exercise too close to bedtime has the same effect — it raises your body temperature so that your sleep is disturbed until your body temperature drops to normal, which may take several hours. Accepting snoring (打呼噜) as normal sleep behavior Snoring may seem as common as breathing, but it’s considered the biggest sleep killer, and it’s linked to several causes: sleeping on your back, being overweight, having a cold, drinking, or taking drugs. 40 . For the snorer, it disturbs sleep by awakening him/her every so often in order to breathe normally. For the partner, the noise can be unbearable. A. Exercising heavily too close to bedtime B. Here are some bad habits you need to get rid of C. Most seriously, it’s caused by a dangerous illness D. Here are some suggestions you’ll need to follow E. Pets sleep most of the day, and they move a lot when sleeping F. Reducing your body temperature before bedtime G. Rather it’s the TV’s bright light that is the criminal

第三部分:英语知识运用(共二节, 满分 45 分)
第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 While attending a conference, I returned to my hotel room late one evening. The overhead light outside my door was burned out and I had 41 door, I 43 installed... but no switch! Not discouraged easily, I remembered 45 in the day. I found the bed in the 48 47 a lamp by the bed when I laid my luggage 46 and then the lamp, but when I switched it on, nothing my way slowly across the room to the I found a desk finding the keyhole. When I 42 to open the 44 around the wall for a light switch. I found a plate where a switch was

! I thought that perhaps if I opened the curtains I might be able to use whatever light comes

in from the 49____ to find another lamp. So I 50 lamp which actually 52 ! 54

curtains and... no drawstring! I finally stumbled(跌跌撞撞地走)around 51

That evening I discovered in a whole new way just how dark the world 53_____ be and how necessary light is! But even more necessary than — the light of 55 light is the light that shines from people 56 57 and faith. Because, for many people, the world is a dark and 58

place. For someone today just may be stumbling in discouragement or sadness or fear and in of some light. So let your light shine. Whatever light you encouragement. And if you feel that your light is 59

may be a beacon of hope and

a candle in a forest remember — there

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isn’t enough darkness in all the world to 60 41. A. confidence 42. A. managed 43. A. touched 44. A. already 45. A. equipping 46. A. later 47. A. light 48. A. happened 49. A. machine 50. A. wound 51. A. after 52. A. helped 53. A. can 54. A. mental 55. A. existence 56. A. lonely 57. A. short 58. A. make 59. A. not more than 60. A. put out B. respect B. failed B. felt B. never B. producing B. earlier B. dark B. operated B. street B. forced B. until B. affected B. shall B. psychological B. love B. colourful B. favour B. offer B. other than B. give out

the light of one small candle. D. difficulty D. meant D. looked D. once D. removing D. upper D. corner D. developed D. car D. lost D. since D. inspired D. must D. physical D. wisdom D. complex D. need D. contribute D. rather than D. set up

C. admiration C. wished C. sensed C. still C. spotting C. lower C. room C. fired C. room C. made C. while C. worked C. will C. electrical C. truth C. friendly C. face C. take C. no more than C. get over

第Ⅱ卷 主观题 (满分 50 分)
注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分:英语知识运用(共二节, 满分 45 分)
第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A 24-year-old Long Island man was charged early Thursday morning after crashing his car and killing his girlfriend while driving over the speed limit. Kevin Daly three years in prison after losing control of into another vehicle 65 62 61 (sentence) to nearly 63 66 64 he crashed partner Alice Hicks’ car on a country road

80mph. She was a passenger in the Mini-cooper and was thrown from the car

(move) in the opposite direction. Daly, 24, denied causing 67

(die) by dangerous driving and was found guilty by a jury (陪审团) at Taunton Crown Court. The court heard that neither Daly Miss Hicks, 22, was wearing seatbelts at the time of the 68 (turn) right. collision that happened on November 17, 2011. NBC New York reports Kevin Daly, was driving on County Road 83, when the road was blocked by a truck that was waiting Witnesses described turned to avoid the van 69 70 hit a Mazda on the other side of the road. Daly had little or no chance of stopping behind the still traffic and he

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

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增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I can’t swim so I have a strong fear of water. Look back at my childhood, I think that three reasons might explain fear. Firstly, I am not allowed to go near the water when I was a child, as my mother had an unreasonable fear of it. Therefore, I was taught to see to the water as something danger. Secondly, my eyes became bad when I was five. If I took off my glass in the water, I couldn’t see something, and this increased my fear. What’s worse, for a child I once saw a neighbor drowned. Since then I have been more frightening. 第二节:书面表达 (满分 25 分) 再过六个多月你将迎来 2016 年的高考。假如你叫李华,是某中学高三年级的学生,面对 目前紧张的迎考复习和不断增加的压力,你想给父母写一封信,和他们说说心里话。请你用 英语完成这封信,主要包括以下内容: 1.对父母的感恩和希望; 2.自己近期学习的计划和安排。 注意:1. 书信必须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥。 2. 词数:120 左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Mom and Dad, The 2016 college entrance examination is approaching. On this occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you. ______________________________________________ ___ ______________________________________________________________________________ _ _______________________________________________________________________________

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Yours, Li Hua

答案:
听力:1-5 AAABC 6-10 ABACB 11-15AACAC 16-20ACCBA 阅读 21------24 ABDB 25-27 ADB 28—31 B B D C 32——35 BDAC 七选五 36—40BGEAC 完型 41—45.DABDC 46—50.BBABC 51—55.BCADB 56—60.ADBCA 语法填空 61. was sentenced 62. his 63. at 64. when65. moving 66. death 67. nor , neither…nor…68. to turn 69. that/ how 70. but 改错 71. so—because72. look—looking 73. 加 the74. am—was75. 去掉 to 76. danger—dangerous77. glass--glasses78. something---anything 79. for—as80. frightening—frightened 书面表达 One possible version: Dear Mom and Dad, The 2016 college entrance examination is approaching. On this occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you. During those years of my growing up, I always feel grateful to you for your unselfish help, care and love for me. It will be only about six months before I take the college entrance examination, which makes me under great pressure. I hope I will get your frequent and lasting support. You know, good studying conditions and timely help will do me a lot of good. Mom and Dad, my dream is the very one you always have. I am fully aware of the responsibilities I am bearing. I plan to make a detailed study schedule for this coming examination so that I can review lessons and practice solving problems of different subjects. I am quite confident of my future life and I do wish you good health and a happy life.
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Yours, Li Hua

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