? 1. 进入大学以后, 他对计算机很感兴趣。 (become interested in) ? He became very interested in computers after he entered college. ? 2. 集邮几乎占据了他所有业余时间。(occupy) ? Collecting stamps occupies almost all his spare ti me. ? 3. 只要专心学习, 你一定能顺利通过考试。 (concentrate) ? As long as you concentrate on your study, you are sure to pass the exam.
? 4. 越来越多的人意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。 (be aware) ? More and more people are aware of the impo rtance of observing traffic regulations. ? 5. 尽管有很多困难, 我们仍将努力执行我们的 计划。(in spite of) ? In spite of many difficulties/hardships, we will still carry out our plan. ? 6. 诺贝尔奖金授予那些在某一个领域作出巨大 贡献的科学家。(be awarded) ? The Nobel Prizes are awarded to those scien tists who have made great contributions in a certain field.
? 1. 这张照片是我想起了我们在夏令营度过的日子。 (remind) ? This picture reminds me of the days that we spen t in the summer camp. ? 2. 假如你想从事这项工作，你必须先接受三个月 的训练。(take up) ? If you want to take up this job, you must first recei ve three months’ training. ? 3. 你一旦养成了坏习惯，改掉它是很难的。(once) ? Once you develop a bad habit, it is difficult to get rid of it.
? 4. 同其他同学相比，那个女孩有更强的英 语听，说能力。 ? Compared with other students, the girl has better listening and speaking skills. ? 5. 众所周知，成功来自于勤奋，不努力则 一事无成。(without) ? As is known to all, success comes from har d work/diligence, and nothing can be achie ved without efforts/hard work.
? 1．早睡早起有益于健康。（do good to） ? Early to bed and early to rise will do good t o one’s health. ? 2．乘车时你有主动给老人让座的习惯吗？ （offer） ? Do you have the habit of offering your seat to old people on bus? ? 3．就我所知，在那座小城市里购物很方便。 （as far as） ? As far as I know, it is convenient to do shop ping in that small city.
? 4．他很后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。 （regret） ? He regretted losing/having lost the chance t o win a scholarship. ? 5．到目前为止，我们学过的英语单词总计大 约有三千五百个。（add up to） ? Up to now, the English words we’ve learnt a dd up to about 3500. ? 6．学生们逐渐认识到友谊胜过金钱，患难朋 友才是真朋友。（realize） ? Students came to realize that friendship is more important than money, and a friend in need is a friend indeed.
? 1. 我们的祖国从来没有像今天这样那个强大。 (Never) ? Never before has our country been as powerful a s it is today. ? 2. 我们将作进一步的讨论，然后再作出最终的结论。 (before) ? We will have a further discussion before we draw the final conclusion. ? 3. 据说在那个湖底发现了一个古城遗址。(discover) ? It is said that the site of an ancient city was discov ered at the bottom of the river.
? 4. 这个地区的经济发展得很快，可使某些市 民的素质还不尽如人意。(quality) ? The economy of this area develops very fast but some citizens’ qualities are far from satisf actory. ? 5. 他们应该从这件事中得出教训，玩火者必 自焚。(burn) ? They should learn a lesson from this acciden t that those who play with fire will surely get burnt.
? 1． 我第一次写英语作文时，犯了很多拼写错 误。(make) ? The first time I wrote an English composition, I made a lot of spelling mistakes. ? 2． 保护环境是每个公民的职责。(It…) ? It is every citizen’s duty to protect the environ ment. ? 3． 这个事故使我们意识到安全问题不容忽视。 (realize) ? This accident made us realize that safety pro blems should not be ignored.
? 4． 不管天有多晚，他从不把今天的事拖到明 天。(put off) ? No matter how late it is, he never puts off wh at should be done today till tomorrow. ? 5． 许多外国游客都想去长城一游，他们知道 “不到长城非好汉”(visit) ? Many overseas visitors want to visit the Grea t Wall. They know that those who don’t visit t he Great Wall are not true men.
? 1. 但是那位出租车司机别无选择，只能求助于游客。 (choice) ? At that time, the taxi driver had no choice but to turn to the tourist/ traveler (for help). ? 2.我没想到汤姆会被选作学生会主席。(occur) ? It never occurred/ didn’t occur to me that Tom would/ should be elected/ made chairman of the Students’ Union. ? 3.如果方便的话， 请帮助我从邮局取回包裹。 (convenient) ? If (it is) convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office / please go to the post office and fetch me the parcel.
? 4.应该鼓励学生将课堂所学的知识运用到实践 中去。(apply) ? Students should be encouraged/ We should encourage students to apply what they have learnt in class to practice. ? 5.如果队员之间不加强配合，我校的篮球队就 不可能在决赛中战胜对手。(unless) ? Our school basketball team will not beat the opponents in the final match/ final (s) unless the team members strengthen their cooperation/ cooperate well with each other.
? 1. 我觉得很难解出这道数学题。(work out) ? I find it difficult to work out this math problem. ? 2. 你可以在英特网上找到这种信息。 (available) ? All these kinds of information are available on the internet. ? 3. 阅读时，你不必碰到生词就查字典。 (There be …) ? There is no need to refer to the dictionary eac h time you come across a new word while re ading.
? 4. 听到2008年在北京举办奥运会的消息时， 人们欣喜若狂。(news that) ? People became wild with joy at the news that the 2008 Olympic Games would be held in Beijing. ? 5. 不要担心你上大学的费用，我们会鼎立相 助。(expense) ? Don’t worry about your expense to go to coll ege, we will try our best to help you.
? 1. 请尽早做出决定，不然你会坐失良机。(or) Please make a decision as soon as possible, or you will miss the golden chance. 2. 那些未曾去过那个小村庄的人很难描绘出它 的美丽。(It…) It is difficult for those who have never been th e small village to describe its beauty. 3. 勤洗手是避免疾病传染的有效办法之一。 (infect) Washing hands often is one of the effective w ays to avoid being infected by diseases.
? 4. 这条铁路横贯平原，把那个偏远的山城与 海港连接了起来。(remote) ? The railway runs across the plain, connectin g the remote mountainous village with the se a port. ? 5. 这部有关第一次世界大战的历史小说引人 入胜，我简直爱不释手。(so…that) ? This historical novel on World War One is so amazing/interesting that I cannot bear to sto p reading it.
? 1．我们盼望能参加下星期举行的艺术节开幕 式。(look forward to) ? I am looking forward to take part in the art fest ival to be held next week. ? 2． 多参加些体育锻炼，你就不那么容易感冒 了。(If…) ? If you take more physical exercise, you will no t catch a cold easily.
? 3．因为缺少锻炼，他没有通过驾驶考试。 (The reason why) ? The reason why he didn’t pass the driving t est was that he lacked practice. ? 4． 直到被送入手术间时，他才明白遵守交 通规则的重要性。(not…until…) ? It was not until he was sent into the operati on room that he realized the importance of observing traffic regulations. ? 5． 虽然她孤身一人，无亲无故，但邻居们 都相她伸出了援助之手。(offer) ? Although she lives alone and has no relativ es, the neighbors all offer help to her.
? 1. 小组讨论有助于更好地理解课文。(help) ? Group discussions help to understand the t exts better. ? 2. 上周因为生病我缺了一些课，但是我会努 力赶上大家的。(miss) ? I missed some classes because of my illne ss last week, but I will try to catch up.
? 3. 这个游戏的规则太复杂，三言两语解释 不清。（too…to） ? The rules of the game are too complicated to explain clearly in a few works. ? 4. 你该就刚才的所作所为向在场的人道歉。 (apologize) ? You should apologize to all the people pre sent for what you have done. ? 5. 我发现很难与那些一贯固执己见的人合 作。(…it…) ? I find it difficult to cooperate with those who always persist in their own ideas.
? 1．我昨天给你打了好几次电话，你都不在家。 (call) ? I called you several times yesterday, but you were not in. ? 2．虽然并不富裕，但是他对自己的生活相当 满意。(Although) ? Although he is not rich, he’s quite satisfied wi th his own life.
? 3．在叔叔的帮助下，汤姆写成了一首动人 的诗。(succeed) ? Tom succeeded in writing a moving poem with his uncle’s help. ? 4．由于准备充分，他在面试中一点也不紧 张。(not…at all) ? He didn’t feel a bit nervous at all in the inte rview, thanks to his full preparation. ? 5．只要我们齐心协力，就能很快解决这个 技术难题。(technical) ? As long as we work with joint efforts, we wi ll soon work out/solve this technical proble m.
? 1． 我希望尽快收到你的照片。(hope) ? I hope to receive your photo as soon as poss ible. ? 2． 多吃蔬菜和水果有益健康。(good) ? Eating more vegetables and fruit does good t o our health. ? 3． 今天下午我没空，我和牙医有约。 (appointment) ? I am not free/available this afternoon, becaus e I have an appointment with the doctor.
? 4． 你最好乘出租车去电影节的开幕式，不然就 要迟到了。(or) ? You’d better go to the opening ceremony of the fi lm festival by taxi, or you will be late. ? 5． 这款手机式样新颖，携带方便，深受年轻人 的欢迎。(popular) ? This kind of mobile phones is new in fashion, eas y to carry and popular with young people. ? 6． 他进公司后不久就独立完成了一项艰巨的任 务，同事们对他刮目相看。(so) ? He accomplished a demanding task independent ly soon after he entered the company, so the coll eagues started to treat him differently.
? 1. 昨天我的电脑坏了。 (wrong) ? My computer went wrong yesterday. ? 2. 为了保持健康，我们经常参加体育锻炼。 (To…) ? To stay health, we often take part in physical exercise. ? 3. 躺在草地上听音乐真是惬意。(It…) ? It feels good to lie on the grass and listen to some music.
? 4. 物理课上，他没听懂王教授所讲的内容。(fail) ? In the physics class, he failed to understand wha t professor Wang said. ? 5. 是否在黄浦江上再建一座大桥，委员们意见不 一。(agree) ? The members of the committee cannot agree on whether to build another bridge across the Huan gpu River. ? 6. 我向她请教，她总是有求必应，而且解释得令 我十分满意。(satisfaction) ? Whenever I ask her for help, she’s always ready to help and explains to my great satisfaction.
? 1. 我们相信农民的生活会越来越好。(believe) ? We believe that peasants'/farmers’ life will b e/be getting better and better. ? 2. 一本书是否畅销取决于诸多因素。 (Whether. . . ) ? Whether a book sells well depends on many/ various factors. ? 3. 我不需要买新车, 我的那辆旧车还很好。 (condition) ? I don't need to/needn’t buy a new car as my old one is still in good condition.
? 4. 这里的菜烧得很好，还有免费蛋糕供应。 (provide) ? The dishes are well cooked here and free cakes are provided. ? 5. 外出旅游时务必注意保护环境，为他人 着想。(sure) ? Be sure to pay attention to protecting the e nvironment and be considerate/think of oth ers if/when/while traveling/doing traveling. ? 6. 这小孩太调皮，使得他那忙于工作的父 母常常心烦意乱。(So …) ? So naughty is the child that he often upset s his parents who are busy with their work.
? ? ? ? 1.他们的新房子离学校很远。(far) Their new house is far from the school. 2.不在房间的时候别让灯开着。(when) Don’t leave the light on when you are not in the room. ? 3.我忘了提醒他面试的时间。(remind) ? I forgot to remind him of the time for the interview.
? 4. 各式阳伞给夏日街头平添了活跃的气氛。 (add to) ? Colorful umbrellas add to a lively atmosphere in the summer streets. ? 5. 无论风多大、雨多急，警察一直坚守在 岗位上。(no matter …) ? No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police keep to their posts. ? 6. 医生挨家挨户上门巡访，省去了许多老 年人去医院的麻烦.(save) ? Doctors’ door-to-door visits save many old people’s trouble of going to hospital.
? 1. 前天我们订购了20台洗衣机。 (order) ? We ordered / placed an order for 20 washing machines the day before yesterday. ? 2. 因为大雨，校运动会将不得不推迟。 (put off) ? Because of / Due to the heavy rain, the sports meet / meeting will have to be put off. ? 3. 为了您的家庭幸福，务必遵守交通规则。 (Do) ? Do obey / observe / keep / follow traffic rules for the happiness of your family.
? 4. 据报道这种野生植物含有丰富的维生素。 (It) ? It is reported that the wild plant is rich in / contains / has a lot of vitamins. ? 5. 和园丁们一起工作让我们学到许多关于花卉的 知识。enable) ? Working with the gardeners enabled us to learn / gain / obtain a lot of knowledge about flowers. ? 6. 遇到困难的时候，我们需要的不是彼此埋怨， 而是相互帮助。 (not…but) ? When (we are) in difficulty / When we meet with difficulties, what we need is not to blame each other but to help each other.
? 1. 我们打篮球的时间到了。 (time) ? It’s time for us to play basketball. ? 2. 他设法把游客及时送到了机场。 (manage) ? He managed to send the tourists to the airport in time. ? 3. 你今晚能来参加我的生日聚会? (possible) ? Is it possible for you to attend my birthday party this evening?
? 4. 应该鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。 (encourage) ? Young people should be encouraged to choose their careers according to their own strong points. ? 5. 我对学生所谈的电子产品一无所知, 我发现自己 落伍了。(ignorant) ? Being ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about, I find myself left behind. ? 6. 尽管遭受如此严重的自然灾害, 但只要不灰心, 我们终会克服暂时的困难。(Although...) ? Although we are suffering such a severe natural disaster, we will eventually overcome the temporary difficulty as long as we don’t lose heart.
? 1.你擦一下窗好吗? (mind) ? Do you mind /Would you mind cleaning the window? ? 2. 有困难请向警察求助。(turn to) (Please) ? Turn to the police for help when (you are )in trouble. ? 3. 他一到上海就和我们取得了联系。(contact) ? He contacted us as soon as he arrived in Shanghai.
? 4. 演出还没有结束, 孩子们就睡着了。(before ) ? The children had fallen asleep/gone to sleep before the performance ended/was over. ? 5. 导演得知自己的影片获奖, 感到无比自豪。 (award) ? Learning that he was awarded /won an award for his film, the director felt very proud of himself/was full of pride. ? 6. 这些十八世纪的油画保存得这样好, 使参观者大 为惊叹。(so …that) ? These eighteenth-century oil paintings have been/are preserved so well that the visitors are greatly amazed/ impressed.
? 1. 网球运动在上海越来越流行了。（popular） ? Tennis is getting more and more popular in Shanghai. ? 2. 我认为你们的建议和他们的一样有价值。 （as…as） ? I think your suggestion is as valuable as theirs. ? 3. 只喝一杯咖啡就会使我整晚睡不着。 （keep） ? Drinking only a cup of coffee will keep me awake all night.
? 4. 为了纪念那些勇敢的消防战士，一部电影即将 开拍。（memory） ? A film will be made/shot in memory of these brave fire fighters. ? 5. 过了三天她才想起把雨衣忘在语言实验室了。 （remember） ? It was three days later that she remembered leaving /having left her raincoat in the language lad. ? 6. 尽管山高林密，医护人员还是迅速地赶到出事 地点，实施援救。（despite） ? Despite the high mountains and thick forests, the doctors and nurses rushed to the scene of the accident for the rescue/to carry out the rescue.
? ? ? ?
1.我已经去过动物园三次了。(be) I have been to the zoo three times. 2. 每天朗读半小时英语很有必要，(necessary) It is necessary to read English aloud half an hour every day. ? 3. 他的儿子喜欢上学，因为学校生活丰富多彩。 (because) ? His son is happy at / loves/likes to go to /school because the school life is colorful.
? 4. 他打算买一套学校或医院附近的公寓。 (locate) ? He is going to buy a flat (which is ) located near a school or hospital. ? 5. 你最好多带一些保暖的衣服，以防感冒。 (had better) ? You’d better bring more warm clothes with you to prevent you from getting cold. ? 6. 毫无疑问，旅行使人开阔眼界，增长知 识。(doubt) ? There is no doubt that travelling broadens one’s mind and enlarge/improve/increase one’s knowledge.
? 1、这本杂志花了我20多元。（cost） ? This magazine cost/costs me more than 20 yuan. ? 2、雨天我总是比平时起得晚。（than） ? I always get up later than usual on rainy day. ? 3、看到奶奶有些睡意，他拉上窗帘并把电视 的音量调低了。(turn) ? Seeing Grandma a little sleepy, he drew the curtains and turned the TV down
? 4、乍一看，这块手表没有什么特别之处， 但实际上它是一部手机。（there be） ? At first sight, there is nothing special about the watch, but in fact it is a mobile phone. ? 5、我们一致同意一旦得出调查结论，就尽 早让公众知晓。（once） ? We all agree that once the conclusion of the investigation is drawn, it will be made known to the public as soon possible.
? ? ? ? 1 .她找到了一份作护士的工作。（as） She has found a job as a nurse. 2. 我们应该竭尽所能是城市变得更美丽.（try） We should try our best to make the city more beautiful. ? 3.宝宝的出生使这个大家庭充满了欢乐。（fill） ? The birth of the baby filled the bi family with joy.
? 4.我们对他的不辞而别感到很惊讶。 （without） ? We were greatly surprised that he has left without saying goodbye. ? 5.当你难以和父母交流时会感到痛苦吗？ （when） ? Will you feel upset when you find it hard to communicate with your parents? ? 6.为追求时尚而付出高昂代价的人应该尽早 改变这种生活方式。（those） ? Those who follow the fashion at great cost should change their lifestyle as soon as possible.
? 1．昨天晚上我们欣赏了一台精彩的演出。(enjoy) ? We enjoyed a wonderful performance last night. ? 2．因为大雾，通往南京的高速公路关闭了。(due to) ? The (super) highway to Nanjing is/was/has been closed due to the heavy fog. ? 3.虽然他并不富裕，但还是尽力帮助贫困地区的学生。 (do one’s best) ? Though he is/was not rich, he does/did his best to help the students in poor areas.
? 4.据说，中国人比西方人更早使用纸币。(It) ? It is said that Chinese started to use notes/paper money earlier than westerners. ? 5.经历了多次严重自然灾害后，人们才逐渐 意识到植树造林的重要性。(until) ? People didn’t come to realize the importance of planting trees until they (had) experienced a number of serious natural disasters.