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BOOK 4 Unit 4 Body Language
Part One: Teaching Design Teaching goals 1. Target Language a. 重点词汇和短语 misunderstand, similar, facial, expression, agreement, yawn, chest, gesture, adult, punish b. 重点句型或交际用语 Act out the following meanings, please. Please guess what I mean. Please show the actions, using body language. Now it is your turn to show the action / gesture. Please use either spoken words or body language to express your ideas. Please use both spoken words and body language to express your ideas. 2. Ability goals a. Enable the students to understand what a certain gesture of the body language means in a given situation. b. Enable the students to act out some meanings, requirements, requests or situations given in the target language. c. Enable the students to express with the target language the meanings given in body language. 3. Learning ability goals a. Help the students learn how to express themselves in body language when needed. b. Help the students understand others when body language is being used. Teaching important points a. Teach the students how to understand body language used in different countries or cultures as well as in different occasions. b. Teach the students how to use body language in the most appropriate occasions. Teaching difficult points a. Enable the students to realize the importance of body language in communication so that little or no misunderstanding may occur. b. Let the students know that there is both positive body language and negative body language. Teaching methods a. Individual work, pair work and group work. b. Acting out by imitation, mime or with gestures and body movement. Teaching aids A computer, a projector and some pictures. Teaching procedures & ways

The first period reading

(COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?) Aims To help students develop their reading ability. To help students learn about body language. Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by acting Look at the list of interpretation on the right side of the chart. Perform the action or the nonverbal behaviour on the left side. Examples Of Body Language Warming up by defining—What is body language? II. Pre-reading 1. Looking and saying Look at the man in the picture below. What does he say to you by his body language? Basically, how the ...... do I know? Or, I don’t know nothin! The shoulders are hunched and the hands are open signifying a big question mark. 2. Talking and sharing Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! According to experts, our non-verbal language communicates about 50% of what we really mean (voice tonality contributes 38%) while words themselves contribute a mere 7%. Our bodies send out messages constantly and often we don't recognize that we're communicating a lot more than we realize. Our understanding and use of non-verbal cues in facial expression are familiar to us nearly from birth III. Reading 1. Reading aloud to the recording Now please listen and read aloud to the recording of the text COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?. Pay attention to the pronunciation of each word and the pauses within each sentence. I will play the tape twice and you shall read aloud twice, too. 2. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework.

3. Reading to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph Next you are to skim the text to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph. 4. Reading and transferring information Read the text again to complete the table. Where is he/ she from? What does he/ she do when he/ she meet someone at the airport for the first time? Name Country Action Meaning Mr Garcia Julia Smith Ahmed Aziz Madame Coulon 5. Reading and understanding difficult sentences As you have read the text times, you can surely tell which sentences are difficult to understand. Now put your questions concerning the difficult points to me the teacher. 6. Reading and translating Now it’s time to translate the text into Chinese, sentence by sentence. Who will be the first to do it? IV. Closing down Closing down by doing exercises To end the lesson you are to do the comprehending exercises No. 1 and 2 on page 26 and 27. Closing down by checking Check some of the following basic non-verbal cues and you'll recognize that you already speak and translate much of the language. “I’m surprised!” I’m shocked!” “I’m sad!”

The second period Learning about Language (The ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial) I. Warming up Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions Turn to page 27 and do exercises No. 1, 2 ,3 and 4 first. Check your answers against your classmates’. II. Learning about grammar 1. Reading and thinking

Turn to page 25 and read with me the text of COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM? As you read along, pay attention to the uses of The ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial. (They are visitors coming from several countries. 作定语;Four people enter looking around in a curious way. 作状语; This is an exciting experience for you. 作定语; You stand watching and listening. 作状语;……) 2. Doing exercises No. 1 and 2 on page 29 Turn to page 29. Do exercises No. 1 and 2。 III. Ready used materials for The ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial ... When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:. Anthony is fishing. I have a boring teacher. In this lesson, we will look at the use of verbs in the ~ing form ... 1.The ~ing form 作定语 2 The ~ing form 作状语 IV. Closing down by doing a quiz To end the period you are going to take a quiz on ~ing words.

~ING WORDS Highlight all the words ending in '-ing'. Make lists of all the different categories of '-ing' words; that is, their different functions in the sentence. Examples of some of the different categories · He's swimming. · He's wearing a swimming suit. · He likes swimming. · Swimming is pleasant. Rewrite each sentence without using the '-ing' form. Is there a change in meaning? What is it? Find sentences in the text which can be rewritten using an -ing form. Is there any change in meaning? What is it? The third period Using Language (SHOWING OUR FEELINGS) Aims To help students read the passage SHOWING OUR FEELINGS. To help students to use the language by reading, listening, speaking and writing. Procedures

I. Warming up Read aloud to warm up: Let’s warm up by reading aloud to the recording of the text SHOWING OUR FEELINGS. II. Guided reading 1. Reading and translating Read the text SHOWING OUR FEELINGS and translate it into Chinese paragraph by paragraph. He Jing. You are to do paragraph 1, please. …. 2. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from SHOWING OUR FEELINGS Show all kinds of feeling, turn one’s back to…, show anger, close one’s hand, shake… at…, a universal facial expression, put…at ease, hide feelings, lose face, nod the head up and down, look away from…, hold one’s arms across one’s chest, protest…from …, turn toward…, roll one’s eyes, show respect for…, use gestures, give a hug to sb., stand close to…, with…open, look directly at…, look sb. in the eye, tell the truth, be wrong about… 3. Doing exercises Now you are going to do exercises No. 1 and 2 on page 30 following the article. The importance of body language People can not live without each other, we are social beings. As soon as we are in contact with others we are communicating. For this we can make use of spoken and written language. In these ways we make the content of a message clear to each other. However we can also communicate without words. This kind of communication tells us something about the relationship between people. Often this is more important than getting the content of the message across. The communication about this non spoken communication, which tells us something about the relationship between people, is called Meta-Communication. Communicating about communication! 4. Writing Turn to page 31. Make a list of three positive body language expressions and three negative body language expressions. Non-verbal communication, or body language o Refers to messaging without words


In a personal spoken message o According to Albert Mehrabian, in Psychology Today (1968), of the total message § 7% is conveyed by the words § 38% by the vocal tones, and § 55% by facial and body expression o Reading body language is an important skill

The fourth period Listening, writing
Step 1 Turn to page 31 and do the listening and writing exercises No. 1 and 2. Positive gesture clusters - 2 ●Confidence o o o Steepling (fingers touching like a church steeple) Hands behind back, authority position Back stiffened

●Expectancy o o o o Rubbing palms Jingling money openly Crossed fingers Moving closer

Positive gesture clusters - 3 ●Cooperation, readiness, openness o o o o o o o o Open hands Hands on hips Hands on mid-thigh while seated Sitting on edge of chair Arms spread, gripping edge of table or desk Moving closer Sprinter's position Hand-to-face gestures

Positive gesture clusters - 4 ●Evaluation

o o o o o o

Hand-to-face gestures Head tilted Stroking chin Peering over glasses Taking glasses off, and cleaning Putting hand to bridge of nose

Positive gesture clusters - 5 ●Reassurance 5. Speaking and writing Discuss Lin Pei’s behaviour with your partner. Then write some advice for Lin Pei. The fifth period .Words and expressions from Unit 4 Body language major a. a major earthquake 大地震,a major problem 重大问题,a major subject 主修科目 local a. local customs 地方风俗,a local pain 局部疼痛, 当地时间 local time represent v. represent a club as its chief executive 以总经理的身份代表俱乐部, represent by signs 用符号代表 curious a. be curious about other’s people business 对别人的事情太好奇 Introduce v. introduce her as his daughter 介绍说她是自己的女儿, be introduced from… 从…传来的,introduce…to sb. 向某人介绍…… approach v. & n. cautiously approached the house 小心地走近那房 子, approach the manager about … 同经理谈……, approach the question as a scientist 从科学家的角度来处理这一问题,Snow announced the approach of winter. 雪宣告了冬季的来临。I like her approach to the problem. 我喜欢她解决 这个问题的方法。 touch v. & n. She lightly touched his forehead. 她轻轻地摸了摸他的前额。 Don't touch the exhibits. Few students in our school can touch him in music. 在音 乐方面,我们学校很少有学生能与他相比。I was touched beyond words. 我感动得无 法形容。They did not touch this topic in their talk. 他们在会谈中没有触及这个问 题。The rain touched the crops. 这场雨使庄稼受害。They sat so close that their heads nearly touched. 他们坐得那么近,头都差不多碰到一起了。In his talk he touched on/upon the state of affairs in Latin America. 谈话中他提到了拉丁美洲 的局势。Our ship is to touch at Hongkong tomorrow morning. 我们的船将于明 天上午停靠香港。It will break at a touch. 那东西一碰就破。Let's stay in touch. 我 们保持联络。He's added a few finishing touches to his novel. 他给小说作了最后 润色。 He has a touch with birds. 他擅长养鸟。 The young man recited his poems with a touch of pride. 那个青年带点骄傲地朗诵他的诗作。


cheek n. The little girl has rosy cheeks. 那个小女孩脸颊红润。 He had the cheek to ask me for money. 他竟厚着脸皮向我要钱。How can you cheek your grandparents in that way? 你怎么可以那样无礼地对祖父母讲话? learned a. The more learned a man is, the more modest he usually is. 人愈 有学问,往往愈是谦虚。learned books 学术性书籍 stranger n. I feel strange in the presence of strangers. 在陌生人面前,我感到不 自在。 Sorry, I don't know. I'm a stranger here myself. 对不起,我不清楚。我对 这里也不熟。 He is no stranger to sorrow. 他饱经忧患。 I'm a stranger to statistics. 我对统计学一窍不通。 spoken a. They built a robot capable of understanding spoken commands. 他 们制造了一个能懂口头指令的机器人。He is a shy soft-spoken person. 他害羞,说 话轻声细语的。 express v. & n. Really, I hardly know how to express my gratitude. 我真不知 道如何表达我的感激之情。The doctor expressed poison from her wound. 医生把 毒液从她的伤口挤了出来。Please send this parcel by express delivery. 请用快递 寄送这个包裹。The doctor gave express orders that the patient was to have no visitors. 医生明确嘱咐,那个病人不可会客。We took an express bus home. 我们 乘特快公车回家。They painted the house for the express purpose for selling it. 他们专为卖房而油漆房子。Please send the parcel express. action n. The quick action of the firemen saved the building from being burned down. 消防队员行动及时,该建筑物方免遭焚毁。The action of water on rock should be taken into account. 应考虑到水对岩石的作用。All the action in the play takes place at one railroad station. 该剧的整个情节均发生在一座火车站 里。Finally she had to file an action for divorce. 最后她只好提出离婚诉讼。 posture n. a sitting posture 坐姿, They are trying to adopt a more cooperative posture. 他们正试图采取更为合作的态度。He enjoys posturing in front of an audience. 他喜欢在观众面前装腔作势。 likely a. & a. John is likely to be in London this autumn. 今年秋天约翰可能在伦 敦。 The park is a likely place for the picnic. 这公园倒是个适合野餐的地方。 We will most likely be late. 我们很有可能会迟到。




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