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Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World 课件


Period 1

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World Introduction Reading and Vocabulary Speaking

Introduction-1 Matching (5m) match the pictures.

Read the description and

? The bigfoot (2)

? The Yeti (1)

? The Loch Ness

? The Grey Man (3)

Monster (4)

Introduction-2 Discussion (3m)

? Do you know any other mysteries in this world?

Introduction-3 Vocabulary (5m)

Learn the new words

monster

tail

hairy

footprint

claw

dinosaur

Introduction-4 Practice (3m) Do activity 2 on page 51--match the words with the definitions.

? Keys :

? Keys :

1. creature
2. monster

3. hairy
4. footprint 5. tail

6. dinosaur 7. spirit 8. claws 9. attack

Introduction-5. Note-taking (5m)
creature

description the Himalayas, 2m tall, powerful arms and legs, angry, attack northwest American, large footprints, tall, hairy, big arms and legs Scotland, tall, grey face, long claws

The Yeti The Bigfoot The Grey Man

The Loch Lake Ness, north of Scotland, small Ness Monster head, long tail

Reading & Vocabulary - 1. Warming-up (3m) Discuss the following questions.

1. As we know, there are some unexplained

mysteries in the natural world such as the Yeti, the Bigfoot, the Grey Man and the Loch Ness Monster. Have you ever heard of or read about any other monster? Tell us something you know.

2. How much do you know about Lake Tianchi? Where is it? How big/ deep is it?

Reading & Vocabulary -2. Skimming (5m) Get the main idea of the passage and each paragraph.

Find the topic sentence of the text
The “monster of Lake Tianchi” is back in the news after several recent sighting.

? Read the passage quickly and find out the

main idea of each paragraph. ? Para. 1 the latest sighting of the Tianchi monster ? Para. 2 another recent sighting of Tianchi monster ? Para. 3 a third sighting of the Tianchi monster ? Para. 4 more information about the Tianchi
monster

? Para. 5 information about Lake Tianchi

Reading & Vocabulary -3. Detailed -reading (10m)
Read the 1st Paragraph:

1. According to the text, what did the monster look like? Black in color; jumped like a seal; its head looked like a horse. 2. How many people saw it?

About 200.

Read the 2nd Paragraph:

1. Who else saw the animal? A group of soldiers. 2. What were they doing? They were walking along the side of the lake. 3. What did it look like? It was greenish-black and had a round head with 10cm horns.

?

Read the 3rd Paragraph:

1. What did Li Xiaohe see? A round black creature moving quickly through the water. After 300 or 400 meters it dived into the water. 2. Why could they see the animal clearly?

The weather was fine and the lake was calm.

Read the 4th Paragraph:

1. How long was the history of reports of
monsters in Lake Tianchi? Since the beginning of the last century. 2. What do many people think? The monster may be a distant cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland and there might be similar creatures in other lakes around the world. 3. What do the scientists think? The low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures.

? Read the 5th Paragraph:

Information about Lake Tianchi: Height: 2189 m 10 km2 370 m deep in some places

Area:
Depth:

Reading & Vocabulary –4. Words-learning (5m) Guess the meaning in the box and do activity 4 on page 53.

? The keys:

1. 3. 5. 7. 9.

A B C A C

2. A 4. B 6. A 8. C 10.B

appear

calm

claim
horn sighting

dive
repeat

skeptical seal temperature

Reading & Vocabulary -5.Note-taking (8m)
SIGHTING Sighting One WITNESS DESCRIPTION

Xue Junlin

Its head looked like a horse greenish-black, round head with 10cm horns
A round black creature

Sighting Two

a group of soldiers Li Xiaohe

Sighting There

Speaking – Role-play (5m)

Work in pairs and do the role-play. Student A: You were one of the people who sway the monster from the top of the mountain. Think about what you saw. Answer B’s questions. Student B: You are a journalist of an English Newspaper. You are writing an article about the Lake Tichchi monster. Ask A what he/ she saw.

Homework

1. Find more information about the monsters or

other mysteries of the nature world.

2. Finish off the exercise related to vocabulary and reading in the Workbook.

Period 2

Module 6

Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

Listening and Vocabulary Pronunciation Everyday English

Listening and Vocabulary---1. Words-learning. Read the words and do activity 1 on page 55.
? Keys to activity 1

1. climate
2. extinct

Please make some sentences with the words.

3. disappear
4. survive

5. adapt
6. evolve

Listening and Vocabulary---2. Brainstorming(3m)

1. How much do you know

about dinosaurs? 2. Have you ever seen any films or read any books about dinosaurs? What interests you most? 3. In your opinion, why dinosaurs disappeared from the earth? Give your reason.

Listening and Vocabulary---3. Prediction (3m)

? Do activity 2 on page 56. First predict and answers,

then listen and check.
? Keys:

1. C 2. C 3. C 4. A

How good is your prediction?

Listening and Vocabulary---4. Practice (5m) and get the detailed information.

listen carefully

? Do activity 6 on page 56. Listen carefully and

decide whether the statements are true or false.
? Keys:

1. F 5. T

2. T 6. F

3. F 7. F

4. F 8. T

Listening and Vocabulary---5. Dictation (5m) listen to the tape and fill in the blanks with the the missing words.

Good afternoon, and welcome to this week’s Mysteries of Nature Today’s topic is edition of ___________________. a big one---it’s dinosaurs, those strange creatures which ruled the earth for no less than __________ 200 million years some of them were _________________, plant eater ______________, others were like the infamous Tyrannosaurus Rex, a carnivores who lived off attacked the more ________meat and who __________ peaceful plant eating dinosaurs.

Not all dinosaurs were big --- some were the size of __________, chicken and in fact the closest things to birds dinosaurs living today are actually __________. But the mystery we are going to talk about today is why the dinosaurs suddenly disappeared exactly __________________, 66 million years and to throw light on the subject we’ve invited one of the world;s foremost experts on the subject, from the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, Dr Roger Binfield.

Listening and Vocabulary---6. Discussion (8m)

How many explanations are given for the disappearance of the dinosaurs? And what are they? Which theory you think is most likely and why? Possible answers: 1. A meteorite hit the earth 2. They stopped evolving 3. They killed each other. 4. A volcanic eruption 5. Cancer caused by radiation

Everyday English –1. Practice (5m) Guess the meaning of the following phrases and do the exercise.

? be back in the news

? Keys:

? throw light on
? come straight to the point

1. A
2. B

? almost overnight
? die out

3. A
4. A

? go for
? quite something

5. B
6. A

7. B

Homework

? Have a revision of Today’s lesson and make up

some sentences with the useful expressions.
? Find some information about dinosaurs.

Period 3

Module 6

Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World Function Grammar

Function---1. Presentation

1. Many people think the monster may be related to

Nessie. 2. They think there might be similar creatures in other lakes. 3. Scientists say the lake is unlikely to be able to support such a big creature. Which sentences say that something is possible? 1, 2 Which sentences say that something is impossible? 3 Which word is followed by to+verb? unlikely

Function---2. Summary

? may

可能会; 或许会 1. It may be a new species. 2. He may not be there.

? might 可能; 或许 (语气较may更不肯定)

3. His suggestion might be worth thinking about.

4. I have got a lot of books that might interest you.

? unlikely

可能性不大的 (形容词)

Snow seems unlikely today. She’s unlikely to arrive before 7 o’clock. It’s unlikely that he got injured.

Function---3. Practice(4m)

Do activity 2 on page 54.

? Keys: 1. There might still be dinosaurs somewhere. 2. Don’t go near the water. It may be very deep. 3. We are likely to see the monster.

4. There may be an underground river from Loch

Ness to the sea.
5. We must help him--- he may not be able to swim. 6. There are likely to be lots of strange creatures in

that lake.

Function---4. Practice(5m) may, might or unlikely.

Identify the creatures, using

Grammar --1. Lead-in (3m)

Answer the following questions: 1. Is Dr Binfield sure what caused the disappearing of dinosaurs on the earth? 2. Dr Binfield says ,“ The dinosaurs may have stopped evolving.” when he says this, is he sure that the dinosaurs stopped evolving? 3. When he says “ They might have killed each other”. Is he sure about that? What does the sentence mean?

Grammar --- 2. Presentation (3m) Read the sentences and answer the questions ? The dinosaurs may have stopped evolving, and

been unable to adapt to changes in the climate. ? They might have killed each other. We use may have done or might have done to talk about _____________. 1 1. Something which happened in the past---perhaps. 2. Something which is impossible. 3. Something which may happen in the future.

Grammar ---3. Summary (2m)

? may+have+done”表示对发生过的事情的推测,

意思是“可能已经”或“也许已经”,用于肯定 句中。

—What has happened to George?
—I don't know. He may have got lost.

—乔治发生了什么事?
—我不知道,他可能迷路了。

? “might+have+done”表示对过去事情的推测,

might与may意思相同,但可能性更小。多用于 虚拟语气结构中。 1. He might have given you more help, even though he was busy. (MET90) 他或许会多给你 一些帮助,即使他很忙。 2. She might have achieved greater progress, if you had given her more chances. 如果你多 给她点机会,她可能已经取得更大的成绩。

Grammar ---4. Practice (5m) Do activity 2 and 3 on page 57.

? Keys:

1. might have caused 2. may have cut off 3. may have survived 4. might have been killed

Think of more reasons why the dinosaurs might have disappeared.

Grammar ---4. Practice (5m)

? Make up some dialogues ,using may/ might have

done. Example: A: Hey, you look worried. What is wrong? B: I can’t find my wallet. A: I guess you may have left it in your house. B: I don’t think so. A: or you may have put it in your schoolbag. A: …

Homework

? Finish the grammar exercise in the Workbook

? Have a good revision of Today’s lesson and make a

summary of the use of the grammar learned today.

Period 4

Module 6

Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World Writing Culture corner

Writing -1. Reading (6m) Read the reading passage and answer the questions. Do activity 1 on page 57.

? Keys:

1. Several groups of people saw a kind of

“monster”. 2. In Lake Tianchi in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin Province. 3. It lived in the water, was black or greenishblack and some people said it had a round head and body with 10 cm horns on the head, while others said it had a horse’s head. 4. Open answer.

Writing -2. Discussion (6m)

? Make up a story about another monster or

mystery. Discuss in a group of 4 and write down the key points.
1. Give the monster / the mystery a special name. 2. Begin by saying what happened and where. 3. Describe the appearance of the monster or the

phenomena.
4. Give an explanation or theory about the monster

or the phenomena.

Writing –3. Writing (6m) presentation.

Extend the story and give the

? Suppose you are the tour guide , giving the

tourist an introduction about the monster or the mystery.

Your presentation should include the following points.

1. Tell the location of the place where your

2. 3. 4. 5.

explained mystery exists. Give practical information, such as a map of the area. Say what happened there. Describe what the monster is like or how the phenomena are. Finish your article by giving an explanation or theory about your monster / phenomena. Ask foreign tourists to pay a visit to the place and tell what the best time it is to go there.

Cultural Corner-1. Pre-reading(5m) (open answers)

1. Do you know any dragon stories?

蒲牢 貔貅

赑屃(必洗) 鸱吻 麒麟 椒图

Cultural Corner-2. Intensive-reading(8m)

1. What do Chinese think of dragons?
Generous, wise, unpredictable, brave, related to royal family.

2. What do westerners think of dragons?
It is dangerous and has a negative reputation. But the red dragon on the Welsh flag is a positive symbol.

In Chinese culture

generous and ________, Dragons are _________ wise although they can be ___________. unpredictable The dragon was closely connected to ____________________. royal family

If you were born in the year of dragon, you are _____________, ________ intelligent brave natural _________. and a __________ leader

In western culture

Dragons had a different ______________. reputation

dangerous In the story, the dragon is _____________.
However, in Wales, the _______ dragon red which appears on the Welsh flag is a positive ____________ symbol, indicating strength and a sense of ________ national ___________

___________. identity

3. Why should the dragon have a different

character in different part of the world?
It is due to the animals the myths grew out of. In the west, the idea of the dragon probably came from the snake, while in China, it may have come from the alligator.

Cultural Corner-3. Discussion(8m)

? Do you know about any other animals that

have different reputations in China and in the west? (open answers)

Cultural Corner-4. Language Study(8m)

A. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1. The dragon was closely connected _______ to

the royal family 2. The emperor’s robes have a symbol of a gold with five claws. dragon _______

of 3. …, but with fewer claws and _______ a different color.

4.

across However, __________ the border of

Wales, the red dragon is a positive symbol.
5. …but which is only seen when there is for plenty of water---- a good sign _______ agriculture.

B. Find out the phrases in the passage.
? 1. 和……密切联系 ______________________ be closely related to ? 2. 根据 ___________________ according to

a sense of national identity ? 3. 民族身份意识 ________________________
? 4. 由于 ___________________ due to
? 5. 产生自 __________________ come from

plenty of ? 6. 许多 ___________________

Cultural Corner-4. Language points(8m) Point out and explain some difficulties in the passage.

Homework

1. Find more information about the dragon and other animals that have different meanings in different parts of the world. 2. Write a story of monster or a mystery with your imagination.

Language Date Bank

?Language points for Reading

Language Date Bank

1. … which seemed to be black in colour, seem + (to be) + adj./n. 看起来似乎 The young man seemed to be excited today.

2. He claims to have seen a round black creature… You seem to have got the good news. She pretended to have seen the film. He claimed that he had finished the work but I didn’t believe him.

Language Date Bank

3. There have been reports of monster in… there be 的现在完成形式:从…到现在都有 There have been an old church in that town since long ago. 4. be angry with sb at/about/ for sth 因某事生某人的气 (1) I am very angry _____ with them ____ for letting me down. (2)Don’t be angry __________________ the things. at/about/for

Exercise

Useful expressions:

stick out 1. 伸出;突出 __________________________ on the surface of 2. 在……表面 ___________________________ claim to do sth/ claim that 3. 声称做某事 ___________________________
4. 不可能做 be _________________________________ unlikely to do/ it is unlikely that

cover an area of 5. 占有…面积 ___________________________
6. 讲实话/说谎 ___________________________ tell the truth / tell a lie

dive into 7. 潜入 _______________________________

Exercise

die out 8. 灭绝; (火)熄灭 ___________________________ adapt (himself)to / be adapted to 9. 适应 __________________________________ throw light on 10. 帮助弄清楚; 阐明某事 _____________________

straight to the point 11. 谈正题; 开门见山 come _________________________
go for, be for 12. 赞成; 支持 _______________________________
13. 和……密切相关 be ___________________________ closely connected with/ to

Exercise

due to / because of / as a result of 14. 由于; 因……而造成 ____________________________

get /go close to 15. 接近 ________________________
get a clear look at 16. 清楚地看到 __________________________ be skeptical about 17. 对......怀疑 _____________________________ be back in the news 18. 再次成为新闻 _________________________ there is likely to be someone 19. 可能有某人 ___________________________

Exercise

almost overnight 20. 突然 __________________________ 21. 对…进攻 _______________________ make an attack on /during the first sighting 22.在第一次目击时 in _______________________ quite something 23. 不同寻常 _____________________________

Exercise

? Translation

1. 他很快适应了这里的气候了。 Soon he adapted ( himself) to the climate here. 2. 任何同意这个计划的人举起手。 Whoever agrees to the plan puts up his hand. Anyone who agrees to the plan puts up his hand.

3. 自从上世纪初这种怪物已经灭绝了。
This species of monster has died out since the beginning of last century.

Exercise

4. 由于这场大雨他不可能来这里了。

He is unlikely to come here due to the heavy rain.
5. 他声称见过这种已经绝迹了的怪物。

He claimed that he had seen the species of monster that had died out.
6. 在远处我看见大火熄灭了。

I saw the fire die out in the distance.

Exercise

? Rewrite the sentences 1. It seems that he has been to America.

He seems to have been to America. 2. It appears that he has been to America.

He appears to have been to America. 3. It is said that the book has been translated into English. The book is said to have been translated into English.

Exercise

4.(1) He claimed that he hadn’t done it, but I didn’t believe him. → He claimed not to have done it, but I didn’t believe him.

(2) He claimed to have met the emperor, but I didn’t believe him
→ He claimed that he had met the emperor, but I didn’t believe it.

5. (1)Can I ask you a fourth question? (2) I don’t like the two books. Can you show me a third one? (3)The oranges are delicious . I’d like to have ____ third one because _____ second one is rather too small.

A a; a

B the; the

C a; the

D the; a

6.There will be a sports meeting. There is going to be a sports meeting. There must be a sports meeting. There may be a sports meeting.
There might be a sports meeting. There should be a sports meeting. There seems to be a sports meeting. There used to be a sports meeting. There is likely to be a sports meeting.

There ____ is going to be a large quantity of plant.

are going to be large quantities of plant. There ___
There seems _____ to be a large quantity of plant.(seem)

seem to be two books and a pen on the desk. There _____
_____ there likely _____ anyone to meet us at the airport?

A. Does; to be
C. Has; that

B. Is; being
D. Is; to be

Exercise:

1.You must have studied English for many years, _____ you?

A. mustn’t
C. aren’t A. mustn’t you

B. didn’t
D. haven’t B. haven’t you

2.You must have been told about it that day, ___? C. weren’t you D. didn’t you

3.--- We didn’t see him at the lecture yesterday. --- He _____ attended it. A. mustn’t have C. couldn’t have B. would have not D. needn’t have

4.--- _______ he have been chosen as captain of the football team?
--- Yes, he______.

A. Can; must have
C. Can; must A. shall B. must

B. Must; must have
D. Must; must C. will B. Anyone D. Whoever D. would

5. You _____ have the book as soon as I get it. 6._____ breaks the law shall be punished.
A. Those who C. Who

7. After her husband’s death, the old lady _____ sit by the window sadly. A. would B. could C. was used to D. might 8. He claims _____ the President, but I don’t believe him.

A. meeting
C. to meet

B. having met
D. to have met

9.After a night of fighting , the streets are now _______.
A. silent B. quite C. still D. calm

10. Mary seems ______ about the bad news , for she looks nice and happy. A. not to have learned C. not having learned B. not to be learning D. not to be learned

11.Enemy forces have _____ an attack on the city. A. made B. given C. brought D. taken

12. He is disappointed. He appeared ____ the maths exam.

A. to not fail
C. not to fail

B. not failing
D. to have failed

13. I ______ escape from the big fire with his help that day.
A. was able to C could B . can D. am able to

14. Dinosaur ______ millions of years ago.
A. died away C. died out B. died down D. died off

15. It’s nine o’clock in the evening . He _____ to bed, for the lights are out.

A. must have gone
C. can’t go

B. must go
D. can have gone

16. _____ second experiment failed. Can you have ____ third try?
A. A; the B. A; a C. The; a D. The; the


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