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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(四)


甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(四)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A No one is glad to hear that his body has to be cut open by a surgeon (外科医生) and part of it taken out. Today, however, we needn't worry about feeling pain during the operation. The sick person falls into a kind of sleep, and when he awakes, the operation is finished. But these happy conditions are fairly new. It is not many years since a man who had to have an operation felt all its pain. Long ago, an operation had usually to be done while the sick man could feel everything. The sick man had to be held down on a table by force while the doctors did their best for him. He could feel all the pain if his leg or arm was being cut off, and his fearful cries filled the room and the hearts of those who watched. Soon after 1770, Josept Priestley discovered a gas which is now called “laughing gas”. Laughing gas became known in America. Young men and women went to parties to try it. Most of them spent their time laughing. But one man at a party, Horace Wells noticed that people didn't seem to feel pain when they were using this gas. He decided to make an experiment on himself. He asked a friend to help him. Wells took some of the gas, and his friend pulled out one of Wells' teeth. Wells felt no pain at all. As he didn't know enough about laughing gas, he gave a man less gas than he should have. The man cried out with pain when his tooth was being pulled out. Wells tried again, but this time he gave too much of the gas, and the man died. Wells never forgot this terrible event. 1. Long ago,when the sick man was operated on ,he _________. A. could feel nothing B. could not want anything C. Could feel all the pain D. Could do anything 2. Using the laughing gas, the people did not seem to ________. A. be afraid of anything B. feel pain C. want to go to the parties D. be ill 3. If a man took less laughing gas than he should have when an operation went on, he ________. A. felt nothing B. felt very comfortable C. still felt pain D. would die 4.One who took too much of the laughing gas ________. A. would laugh all the time B. would die C. would never feel pain D. would be very calm B One of the most popular American singers of the twentieth century was Elvis Presley. He made the rock’ n’ roll music popular all over the world. He sold millions of records and made many successful films, and he helped change the direction of popular music in the 1960s. Elvis Presley was born in a poor family in 1935. His parents were simple country people who often took him to church ,where he learned to sing, and he never forgot the kind of songs that he used to sing in church as a child. When he was young, Elvis moved from Toledo to Memphis in Tennessee, where he attended high school, but he was not a good student. His only real interest was singing. He began to sing in the style that is called “country and western”. In 1955 he recorded some songs for his mother’s birthday. The people at the recording studio liked his singing and his music. It was country and western music, but it also sounded a little like the music which black people used to sing in the American South. It was called “blues”. Shortly after that, Elvis met Tom Parker, who became his manger and arranged concerts for him across the United States and new recording as well. Soon Elvis became famous around the country.

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Later Elvis went to Hollywood and began to appear in films such as Love Me Tender and King Creole. But Elvis found it difficult to live with success, Like many other famous people, he began to take drugs and his health started to suffer. When he died at an early age of 42 in 1977, millions of his fans were shocked, ”The King Is Dead!” the newspaper said. But today his memory and his music live on and will always be remembered as the King of Rock’ n’ roll. 5. From the passage, we can see ____________. A. the church songs didn’t help Elvis develop his own style. B. the church songs helped Elvis develop his singing C. Elvis didn’t get any help from his parents D. Elvis forgot his church music at a later age. 6. Who was Tom Parker? A. A manager of a bank. B. A famous singer. C. Elvis’ manager. D. Elvis’ best friend since childhood. 7 What caused Elvis’ death? A. His taking the drugs. B. His singing too much. C. His parents’ death. D. Tom Parker’s help. 8. What was Elvis’ music style like most? A. Only country and western. B. Only country and blues. C. Both western and church music. D. Not only country and western but also a bit “blues”. C As a college student, I have planned my future career goals. I would like to work as a sales assistant in a computer company, then a sales manager and finally boss of my own company. At the very beginning, I plan to find a job in a famous company producing computers, in which all the staff are fully happy at work and I can experience job satisfaction most of the time. Only such kind of company can provide me with good working atmosphere and eagerness to learn more so as to get well prepared for my future profession. At first I want to be a sales assistant and always keep myself busy working in and out of the company, such as answering telephones, doing repair work, even cleaning the rooms. Although the salary may be low, I will seize every chance to learn from other staff. In my spare time, I will take some courses so as to get more qualifications and experience in this field. In three or five years, I am determined to become a sales manager who is responsible for the selling of the computers. I will interview as many customers as possible and do market research and improve our products. Meanwhile I will take care of my staff so as to make them eager to work to the best of their abilities. As is known to us, it is hard to manage a company, but I will make every effort to achieve my goal step by step, and I am sure “There is nothing difficult in the world if you put your heart into it.” 9. If the writer has a company, his company will provide his staff with _______. A. high wages B. dormitories C. some computers made in his company D. good working atmosphere and eagerness 10. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The writer would like to be a sales assistant first. B. The writer wants to set up a business of his own. C. The writer makes his mind to be the president of a famous company producing computers. D. The writer will take courses to get an MBA 11. A sales assistant should do the following EXCEPT ________ in the opinion of the writer. A. answering telephones B. interviewing customers C. cleaning the rooms D. doing repair work 12. The text is mainly about __________. A. how to improve the writer’s abilities

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B. how to achieve the writer’s future career goal C. how to become a manager D. how to become a sales manager D When I was a child, I often dreamed of the time when I could leave home and escape to the city. We live on a farmland, in the winter especially, we were quite cut off from the outside world. As soon as I left school, I packed my bags and moved to the capital. However, I soon discovered that my life has its problems too. One big disadvantage is money. It costs so much to go out, not to mention basics like food and housing. Another disadvantage is pollution. I suffer from asthma(哮喘), and at times the air is so bad that I am afraid to go outside. Then there is the problem of traveling round. Although I have a car, I seldom use it because of the traffic jams. One choice is to go by bicycle, but that can be quite dangerous. Of course there are advantages. First, there is so much to do in the city, whatever your tastes in culture or entertainment(娱乐). Besides, there are wonderful jobs and greater chances of moving to a more important job or position. Finally, if you like shopping, the variety of goods is very surprising—and, what is more, shops are often only a short walk away. Is life better then, in the city? Perhaps it is, when you are in your teens or twenties. However, as you get older, and especially if you have small children, the peace of the countryside may seem preferable. I certainly hope to move back there soon. 13. Which of the following is TRUE about the writer? A. He is very old now B. He lives in the city now C. He prefers driving a car D. He is in good health 14. In the passage, the writer tries to _____ . A. express his opinions about way of life B. describe his life in the countryside C. show an interest in the outside would D. persuade the readers to live in the city 15. Is life better in the city than in the countryside? A. Yes, it is. B. No, it isn’t. C. It is when you are young but not so when you are old. D. The text doesn’t tell us. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 A Balanced Diet Your body works 24 hours a day. It's always building and repairing, feeding and cleaning itself. Its goal is to be ready for your every movement, breath, and thought. 16 . And how well your body works depends on how much energy it gets. 17 . Food contains nutrients that your body needs for growth and energy. By eating a balanced diet, your body gets the six important nutrients it needs. Minerals(矿 物质) are nutrients that build bones and teeth. 18 .Water aids digestion and waste removal. Carbohydrates(碳水化合物) give your body its main source of energy. Two carbohydrates are sugars from foods such as fruits and vegetables and starches found in rice, potatoes, and bread. Fats help build cell membranes(膜). Proteins repair and grow body tissues(组织). Finally, vitamins help your body use carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The United States Department of Agriculture(USDA) has created a nutritional food pyramid(金 字塔). It shows the daily number of servings you should eat from five food groups. 19 The base of the pyramid is the largest level. It contains the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group from which you need six to eleven servings. The next level has two food groups: vegetables and fruits. The USDA recommends three to five servings of vegetables and two to four servings of fruit. The third level also has two groups: the milk, yogurt, and cheese group and the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group. You need two to three servings from each of these groups. 20 It contains fats, oils, and sweets. These foods have few nutrients, so eat them

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sparingly(有节制地). A. A balanced diet is made up of foods from five food groups B. The quality of your life depends on how well your body works. C.Food can improve the quality of your life D. Energy comes from the food you eat E. Minerals also form red blood cells and other substances. F. The food pyramid has four levels. G. The top of the pyramid is the smallest level. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I’ve been taking a bus to school for years.I find that most passengers keep to themselves and no one ever has a 21 with anyone else. About a year ago.an elderly man entered and said 22 to the driver, ”Good morning!” Most people looked up,confused and 23 ,and the bus driver took it for granted and _24_responded with a grunt(嘟哝声).The next day the man 25 and again he said in a loud voice”Good morning!” to the driver.Another grunt.By the fifth day,the driver finally agreed to accept the elderly man and 26 him with a little cheerful”Good morning!”Then the man 27 , ”My name is Benny.” The driver told the man he was Ralph. That was the first 28 any of us heard the driver’s name and soon people began to talk to each other and say 29 to Ralph and Benny.Soon Benny 10 his cheerful”Good morning!” to the whole bus.Within a few days, his”Good morning!”was 3 l by a whole bunch of ”Good mornings”and the entire bus seemed to be more 32 .People got to know each other. “If a 33 is someone who makes something happen,Benny was the one who took the lead in showing friendship 34 us,”I thought. A month ago,something 35 happened and Benny didn’t 36 in the bus.Everyone began to 37 about Benny and lots of people said he may have passed away.No one knew what to do and the bus got awful 38 again. So Last week,I started to act like Benny and say ”Good morning!” to everyone and the whole bus cheered up again.I guessed I was the leader now. 39 ,Benny could come back to see what he had started really 40 a lot. 21.A.competition B.cooperation C.discussion D.conversation 22.A.loudly B.directly C.Secretly D.suddenly 23.A.encouraged B.puzzled C.worried D.frightened 24.A.s1owly B.simply C.politely D.clearly 25.A.sat down B.got on C.stood up D.1ooked around 26.A.greeted B.shared C.provided D.celebrated 27.A.shouted B.explained C.announced D.wondered 28.A.method B.time C.idea D.experience 29.A.sorry B.yes C.hello D.bye 30.A.wished B.introduced C.challenged D.spread 31.A.returned B.covered C.hidden D.driven 32.A.energetic B.friendly C.serious D.crowded 33.A.foreigner B.passenger C.driver D.1eader 34.A.between B.among C.behind D.including 35.A.unexpected B.uncontrolled C.unaccepted D.unchanged 36.A.get up B.1ook up C.turn up D.cheer up 37.A.complain B.ask C.argue D. Doubt 38.A.broken B.open C.quiet D.slow 39.A.Obviously B.Hopefully C.Importantly D.Fortunately 40.A.needed B.wasted C.covered D.mattered 第Ⅱ卷

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第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Are you facing a situation that looking impossible to fix? In 1969, the pollution is terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland, Ohio. It __41 ___ (be)unimaginable that it could be ever be cleaned up. The rive was so polluted that it __42 __ (actual) caught fire and burned. Now year late, this rive is one of __43__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. But river wasn’t changed in a few days ___44___ even a few months. It took years of work ___45___(reduce) industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is 46 (clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit ___47__ is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such impossible situation, don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately. While there are____48___(amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us , the ____49___(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be___50____(patience) 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When I was 15 years old. I went to Hangzhou with three American.I became their guide.First, we went to the West Lake.They wanted to look around the lake by the boat.After buying the tickets, we got into a boat.We went around seeing the beautiful sight.After that.we go shopping.The sellers mustn’t speak English.Though it was very hard,I tried my best listen to their words careful and translate the sentences.They bought some scarves what are made of silk.Next, we went to a park but took some pictures.When we felt hunger,we went out of the park and had lunch.After lunch,they visited some buildings and learned more about ancient architecture of China 第二节 书面表达 (25 分) 为配合我校开展“创建卫生文明城市(build a civilized and clean city)”活动,学校举办以“How to Behave Well”为主题的英语征文比赛。现在请你根据所给提示内容,用英语写一篇参赛短文。 提示:1. 衣着整洁;2. 保持环境卫生,不随地吐痰和乱扔垃圾;3. 待人有礼,乐于助人;4. 遵守交通 规则;5. ?? 要求:1. 文章必须包括所给提示中 1—4 项内容,可展开思路,适当发挥; 2. 文中不能出现考生的真实姓名、校名和其他真实信息; 3. 词数:80-100 词左右。 How to Behave Well? In order to build a civilized and clean city, we students should____________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ __

【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(四) 参考答案

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第一部分 1—4 CBCB 5--8 BCAD 9—12 DCBB 13—15 BAC 16—20 BDEFG 第二部分 21—25 DABBB 26—30 ACBCD 31—35 ABDBA 36—40 CBCBD 41. was 42. actually 43. the 44. or 45. To reduce 46. cleaner 47. That/Which 48.amazing 49. changes 50. patient 第三部分 When I was 15 years old. I went to Hangzhou with three American.I became their guide.First, we went to the West Lake.They wanted to look around the lake by the boat.After buying the tickets, we got into a boat.We went around seeing the beautiful sight.After that.we go shopping.The sellers mustn’t speak English.Though it was very hard,I tried my bestΛ listen to their words careful and translate the sentences.They bought some scarves what are made of silk.Next, we went to a park but took some pictures.When we felt hunger,we went out of the park and had lunch.After lunch,they visited some buildings and learned more about ancient architecture of China. 书面表达 How to Behave Well? In order to build a civilized city, we students should try our best to behave well in the activities. It's a good habit to keep our clothes clean and tidy. Our city should be kept clean every day. Don't throw litter or spit about. It's good manners to say "Thank you" and "Please" and so on. We should never say dirty words. Be friendly to others and always ready to help the people in need. For example, when we are on a bus, we should give our seats to the old and the women with babies. We should also obey traffic rules. When the traffic lights are red, we should stop. And we'd better not talk or laugh loudly in public. If everyone behaves well, our city will be more beautiful and more attractive.

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