黑龙江省 2014 届高三年级英语试题新题型（三）
考试时间:120 分钟 满分:150 分 第 I 卷（选择题 共 115 分） 第一部分 听力（共 20 小题，每题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分） 第二部分 第一节： 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A The slogan “a dog is for life, not just for Christmas” has been going strong for 27 years now. Dogs and cats have been popular Christmas gifts in the gifts in the UK and Europe for many years. But some people still haven’t quite got the message. The slogan still holds good. Some 105,000 dogs were rounded up by local government last year because they had been abandoned, many of them shortly after the festival season. The main reason given by owners for handing their dogs over to the Dogs Trust is that the dogs need more attention than they can give; behavioral problems and moving home are also reasons given. But Eleanor Silk, the Trust’s communications director, says, “It’s often four or five months after Christmas, in early summer, when owners find that the dog has got too big and too active, or it hasn’t been trained properly and has caused damage around the home.” In any case, some organizations that help pets are quick to point out that if you are serious about getting a puppy(小狗) as a pet, Christmas is not the time to do it. Puppies need to get used to their new surroundings, to be introduced to a routine, and to be looked after like small children. It’s hard to meet any of these needs at Christmas. What’s more, pulling a puppy out of a Christmas stocking in itself sends the wrong message to children. It encourages children to think of the puppy as a toy, rather than a responsibility. Appreciating what you’re taking on with a dog can be a serious realization. “For life” means thinking about the effect they’ll have on your life. It also infers you will need to care for the dog for its whole life. 21.What would be the best title for the passage? A. Dogs and Cats—the Most Popular Christmas Gifts. B. A pet is for Life, Not just for Christmas. C. How to Take Care of Your Pets over Christmas. D. Let’s Help Those Abandoned Pets. 22. The underlined words “rounded up” in Paragraph 2 mean “________”. A. given out as gifts B. thrown away C.gathered into one place D. raised to make money 23. The fifth paragraph mainly tells us________. A. how to take best care of Christmas pets B. the right time to have a puppy as a pet C. the reasons why Christmas is not the time to get a pet D. the worries about Christmas pets from organizations that help pets 24. Why is the author against the idea of putting a dog in the Christmas stocking as a Christmas gift? A. Because these dogs can still cause damage.B. Because children will not take dogs seriously. C. Because children don’t like to have dogs as Christmas gifts. D. Because a Christmas stocking is not big enough to put a dog in. B Labor force is defined as being the total number of people who are available to work and earn
income. This definition includes everyone who is employed or seeking paid employment, so it includes employers and the self-employed. Labor is one of the country’s resources which can be combined with other resources to produce the goods and services wanted by the community. Although the size of the workforce depends a great deal on the size of the total population, there are several other influences which also affect it. The age distribution (分布) of the total population has a very marked effect on the available workforce. If the population has a high proportion of very young people or of those too old to work, then the available workforce would be lower than if there were an balanced spread age distribution. If the population naturally grows rapidly, the number of births greatly exceeds the number of deaths then as a total population increases proportion of the workforce declines. Sometimes a population is described as aging which means that the birth rate is either falling or growing very slowly, and as people retire from the workforce there are insufficient numbers of young people entering it to replace those who are leaving it. In that situation the population is top-heavy with older people. So the percentage of the population in the workforce declines when there is either a rapid increase in births or a falling birth rate. The age distribution of the population has several important effects on the economy. If the population is aging and there is an increase in the number of people retiring without a corresponding increase in the number entering the workforce, this raises the problem of the ability of the economy to provide a reasonable level of social services to the retired group. If the aged are to be cared for in special homes, finance must be available for that purpose. If the size of the workforce is small relative to the total population, then the government tax revenue(税收) is relatively low and either the government has less money available to it or the workforce members have to be taxed more heavily. 25. The conclusion which can be drawn from the second paragraph is that___________. A. a natural growth of population leads to a balanced workforce B. a large population does not necessarily mean a higher proportion of workforce C. the larger the population，the higher the proportion of the workforce D. the workforce will be lower, if the population has a balanced age distribution 26.When a population is said to be aging, ___________. A. there are more people retiring than those entering the workforce B. the birth rate must be growing C. there should be an oversupply of workforce D. There are more people entering the workforce than those retiring 27. The population which is top-heavy with older people ___________ of a country. A. leads to the high rate of unemployment B. results in low tax on the workforce members C. affects employees’ incomes D. places pressure on the economy C A person, like a commodity( 商 品 ), needs packaging. But going too far is absolutely undesirable. A little exaggeration, however, does no harm when it shows the person’s unique qualities to their advantages. To show personal attractiveness in a casual and natural way, it is important for one to have a clear knowledge of oneself. A skilled packager knows how to add art to nature without any signs of embellishment( 装饰 ), so that the person so packaged is not a commodity but a human being, lively and lovely. A young person, especially a female, shining with beauty and full of life, has all the favor granted by God. Any attempt to make up would be self-defeating. Youth, however, comes and goes in a flash. Packaging for the middle-aged is primarily to hide the marks made by years. If you still enjoy life enough to keep self-confidence and work at pioneering work, you are unique in your
natural qualities, and your attractiveness and grace will remain. Elderly people are beautiful if their river of life has been, through plains, mountains and jungles, running its course as it should. You have really lived your life, which now arrives at a self-satisfied stage of quietness and calmness with no interest in fame or wealth .There is no need to make use of hair dying. The snow-capped mountain is itself a beautiful scene of fairyland. Let your looks change from young to old in step with the natural aging process so as to keep in harmony with nature, for harmony itself is beauty, while the other way round will only end in unpleasantness. To be in the elder’s company is like reading a thick book of deluxe(better quality) edition that attracts one so much as to be unwilling to part with. As long as one finds where one stands, one knows how to package oneself, just as a commodity sets up its brand by the right packaging. 28. It can be concluded from the text that_______. A. proper packing makes people attractive B. people should be packed in a special way C. elderly people also care about packing D. people should be packed at all ages 29. According to the author, if you want to keep in harmony with nature, you should_______. A. dye your hair B. make up at a young age C. follow the aging process D. give up fame and wealth 30. For the middle-aged, attractiveness________. A. hardly exists B. is the strongest C. comes from the inside D. comes from the appearance 31. The underlined sentence means that elderly people _______. A. are usually packed like a finely-made book B. experience a lot and have rich knowledge of life C. do a lot of traveling and can give you much information D. enjoy reading thick books of beautiful nature and fairyland D Some houses are designed to be smart. Others have smart designs. An example of the second type of house won the Award of Excellence from the American Institute of Architects. Located on the shore of Sullivan’s Island off the coast of South Carolina, the award-winning cube-shaped beach house was built to replace one damaged by Hurricane Hugo years ago. In September 1989, Hugo struck South Carolina, killing 18 people and damaging or destroying 36,000 homes in the state. Before Hugo, many new houses built along South Carolina’s shoreline were poorly constructed, according to architect Ray Huff, who created the cleverly-designed beach house. Now all new shoreline houses are required to meet stricter, better-enforced codes. The new beach house on Sullivan’s Island should be strong enough not to be damaged by a Category 3 hurricane with peak winds of 179 to 209 kilometres per hour. At first sight, the house on Sullivan’s Island looks anything but hurricane-proof. Its redwood shell makes it look like “a large party lantern” at night. But looks can be deceiving. The house’s wooden frame is strengthened with long steel rods(杆) to give it extra strength. To further protect the house from hurricane damage, Huff raised it 2.7 meters off the ground on timber pilings(木桩) buried deep in the sand. Pilings might appear insecure, but they are strong enough to support the weight of the house. They also raise the house above storm waves. The pilings allow the waves to run under the house instead of running into it. “The waves of water come ashore at tremendous speeds and cause most of the damage done to beach-front buildings,” said Huff.
Huff designed the timber pilings to be partially concealed( 隐 藏 ) by the house’s ground-to-roof shell. “The shell masks the pilings so that the house doesn’t look like it’s standing with its legs pulled up,” said Huff. In the event of storm, the shell should break apart and let the waves rush under the house, the architect explained. 32. After Hurricane Hugo, new houses built along South Carolina’s shore line are required to . A. be easily pulled down B. look smarter in design C. meet stricter building standards D. be designed to be cube-shaped 33. The award-winning beach house is quite strong because . A. it is strengthened by steel rods B. it is made of redwood C. it is in the shape of a shell D. it is built with timber and concrete 34. Huff raised the house 2.7 meters off the ground on timber pilings in order to . A. avoid peak winds of about 200 km/h B. bury stronger pilings deep in the sand C. break huge sea waves into smaller one D. prevent the waves from running into it 35. It can be inferred from the passage that the house’s shell should be . A. smooth B. waterproof C. easily broken apart D. extremely hard 第二节，七选五（共 5 个 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余 选项。 How can I fight laziness? Lazy people will never amount to anything in life. However, laziness can be defeated once a few changes have been made in your mind. __36__ Many people lack sleep constantly, since they stay up too late and get up too early to prepare for work. These people have little motivation once they arrive home. Laziness works hand in hand with a lack of motivation and a tendency to put off things. By adjusting your sleep schedule to provide a few more hours of meaningful rest, you can fight laziness throughout the day. Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active. Some people treat their lives as if they were pushed from task to task. Others take a more proactive approach, viewing each task as a challenge they must overcome alone. _37___ Some people fight laziness by removing the temptations that surround them. A television in the living room may provide entertainment, but watching too much TV often contributes to laziness. Create a reward system for yourself, just as parents do for a child to promote responsibility. _38__ _39___ Spouses and children may all have different energy levels, but laziness can be spread if not dealt with immediately. To fight household laziness, lead by example. Be the first to collect and wash dishes after a meal. Others in the home may eventually follow your example and perform their own task. It is difficult to practice laziness when your are surrounded by motivated people. __40__ Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle, thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits. A. Knowing how to fight laziness is important. B. One way to fight laziness is to get enough sleep. C. Laziness can also be a lasting problem at home. D. Complete a few tasks and reward yourself with what you enjoy , such as a good dinner or a film. E. Finally, taking exercise regularly can help you fight laziness. F. With strong determination, you will be able to achieve your goal. G. Laziness sets in when you no longer feel in charge of your own life. 第三部分 语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从21—40各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选 出一个可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The House Fairy As young parents, my husband and I felt that at age 6 and 8, our children were old enough to be cleaning their rooms and making their beds. But they thought 41 . My complaints, repeating myself, even self-justified shouting were landing on 42 ears. I felt frustrated , and very often a whole afternoon’s scolding would end with their 43 into tears, I realized I needed to 44 my methods of “mothering”. One day while they were at school, I had great fun 45 their rooms. On their desks, in plain 46 , I left the cards: “Dear Bill (the other card was 47 to Sarah), your room was messy this morning and I’m sure you like it clean. Love, the House Fairy. ” 48 arriving back, the children were 49 excited to receive the little note from the House Fairy. The next day, their rooms were fairly tidy. Sure enough, there was another note from the House Fairy 50 for them, thanking them for their nice “gift” of a clean room and 51 asking them to play a certain violin 52 . Each day, thank--you notes would be worded differently to keep the ideas 53 . Sometimes the House Fairy would propose a little 54 : “If you can finish your homework today and 55 it before dinner, I’ d like to watch a particular television program with you tonight. ” Sometimes some colored markers or other little items would be left in 56 of jobs especially well done the day 57 . 58 I can’t remember how long “the House Fairy” continued leaving her love notes. When they were no longer age appropriate (合适的), we used various versions of Post-Its. The bathroom mirror became the 59 centre of our home. Appointments, notices about visiting relatives, lesson schedules, and changes in plans could be posted. We all benefited from and 60 the idea of sharing reminders and daily details of life through notes. I believe the true legacy of the House Fairy notes survives in our frequent and enjoyable communication. 41. A. different B. no C. doubtful D. otherwise 42. A. side B. neither C. deaf D. either 43. A. crying B. beginning C. bursting D. bumping 44. A. adopt B. adjust C. access D. addict 45. A. to tidy B. tidying C. tidied D. tidy 46. A. distance B. speech C. words D. sight 47. A. sent B. addressed C. delivered D. read 48. A. As B. At C. Of D. Upon 49. A. more than B. rather than C. no more than D. other than 50. A. asking B. praying C. waiting D. expecting 51. A. politely B. gently C. friendly D. toughly 52. A. music B. piece C. song D. tone 53. A. respectable B. uninteresting C. incredible D. fresh 54. A. challenge B. advice C. suggestion D. question 55. A. go through B. growth C. look up D. look into 56. A. response B. answer C. praise D. honor 57. A. ahead B. before C. over D. ago 58. A. Actually B. Even if C. Even so D. Though 59. A. main B. reminder C. memory D. life 60. A. appreciated B. learned C. shared D. thanked
第 II 卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 l.5 分．满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料．在空白处填入一个适当的内容（不多于三个单词）或括号 Perhaps I am Courageous, but that's because I've had some inspiring teachers. I'll tell you about one of them. Many years ago, when I worked 61 a volunteer at Stanford Hospital, I got to know a little girl named Liza 62 was suffering from a rare and serious disease, Her only chance of 63 (recover) appeared to be a blood transfusion (输血) from 64 five-year-old brother, who 65 (survive) the same disease and developed the antibodies needed to combat the illness. The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the boy 66 he would be willing to give his blood to his sister. I saw him hesitate for a moment 67 taking a deep breath and saying, "Yes, I'll do it if it will save Liza." As the transfusion progressed, he lay in a bed next to his sister, 68 (smile). But then his face grew pale and his smile faded. He looked at the doctor and asked with 69 trembling voice, "Will I start to die fight away?" Being young, the boy had misunderstood the doctor. He thought he was going to have to give her 70 his blood. 第四部分 写作部分（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错(共 l0 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分) (注意：在试题卷上作答无效 ) ．．．．．．．．． 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的一下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My mother is a teacher work in a key high school. She is too busy that she often has to get up early and stay up late. In addition to this, she hardly has any times to take exercise. She has been on poor health for some time. My father and I are worried that she may fall ill if she works too hard. These days I’m thinking why to develop my mother’s interest in playing sports. Considered that today is Mother’s Day, I decided buy a pair of jogging shoes for her. I secret put them on the desk in her study. When my mother entered into her study this evening, she looked surprised, but she immediately realized my intention. She promises that she would go jogging every evening. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假如你是李华，一名高三的学生。2014 年高考在即，面对压力，想和父母说说心里话，请你用英文在你的 博客上以书信的形式表达出来。内容要点如下： 对父母的感谢 知心话 对父母的希望 学习打算 感谢他们倾注关爱，关心鼓励 1. 和他们多交流，使自己保持良好状态 2. 创造条件，给自己提供实时帮助 考生自拟（至少写两点）
注意： 1. 短文须包括以上所有内容要点。 2. 词数 120 左右；开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mom and Dad, The annual college entrance examination is around the corner.
黑龙江省 2014 届高三年级英语试题新题型（三）答案
阅读： 21—24 BCCB 25—27 BAD 28—31 ACCB 32—35 CADC 完形： 41—45 DCCBB 46—50 CBDAC 51—55 BBDAA 56—60 CBABA 61. as; 62 who; 6 3. recovery; 64. her; 65. had survived; 66. if/whether; 67. before; 68. smiling; 69. a; 70. all 七选五：BGDCE 改错： work 改成 working too 改成 so times 改成 time on 改成 in why 改成 how considered 改成 considering decided 后面加 to secret 改成 secretly entered 后面去掉 into promises 改成 promised