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牛津高中英语模块7unit4公开课课件Book


Unit

4

Various means of transportation

Unit 4 ReadingⅠ

Fast reading 1. When was the first underground system opened? 2. What did Charles Holden do? 3. Why was the Victoria Line important?

1. When was the first underground system opened? In 1863. 2. What did Charles Holden do? He is the architect that designed many of the new stations built between 1918 and 1938. 3. Why was the Victoria Line important? Because it was linked with other lines at almost every station, making the system more user-friendly.

Detailed reading
(1) Why was an underground system first developed in London? Most railway tracks did not go into the London city centre, so buses, trains and carriages were required. The number of vehicles on the road caused unbelievable traffic jams. (2) What was the London Underground like in 1863? The tunnels were just beneath the surface of the ground. The carriages did not have windows and were pulled by steam engines through narrow tunnels.

(3) What did Charles Yerkes do to improve the underground? He obtained ownership of many different lines and set up the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. (4) What unusual uses did the tube have during World WarⅡ? The underground has functioned as a bomb shelter, an aeroplane factory, a centre for directing the defence against air attacks and meeting rooms for the government administration.

(5) What happened to the London Underground after World War II? After WWII, the system was enlarged and more lines were added because more people traveled on the underground. (6) What does it mean when the brochure says that the underground system is user-friendly? It means that it is very convenient for passengers to go to different places in the city from any station.

Divide the passage into four parts and find out the main idea of each part.

The main ideas of the four parts
Part 1 Paragraph 1 ? _________why the first underground in the reasons world was developed Part 2 Paragraph 2-4 ?developments _________of the first underground before World War Ⅱ Part 3 Paragraph 5 ? some ____________of the first underground unusual uses during World War Ⅱ Part 4 Paragraph 6-7 ? enlargement _________and _________of the first popularity underground system

reasons why the first underground in the world was developed Trains
Only went to outer city limits( building railway tracks would have damaged …) … were used to convey people

Unfortunately, … caused unbelievable traffic jams

Development of the LU system
dates 1854 1860 1863 1868 1884 event

The British government gave approval for the construction … The digging was postponed because of the lack of money
The initial tunnels were opened and were just beneath the surface of ground

The next section of the underground system was opened linked up …, provided …, dug ...

Development of the LU system
1933
1918-1938 After 1945 1979 A public organization was created Many new stations were constructed More people traveled on the underground , so the system was enlarged and more lines were added The last line was added in honour of …

Who made great contributions to improving the system? Charles Yerkes What did he do?
Undertook improving the system by obtaining ownership of many different lines and setting up the Underground Electric Railways of London.

Why did he do so? Travelling on these lines was not convenient, though, as each line wa possessed by a different company, many were far from each other.

After the Second World War , more people traveled on the underground, enlarged and so the system was ________ added This more lines were_______. included the Victoria Line which linked with other lines at almost every station. This helped made the system more ____________. user-friendly

The last line added was the Jubilee Line in 1979, ______________ in honour of the twenty-fifth anniversary Elisabeth II becoming the queen.

Now, the London underground popular system is very ________.
The London underground system is working to transport millions of people three million people travel on underground every day includes twelve lines and goes twentysix miles out of central London

Distinction The Circle Line

complex The oldest and most 1_________under-ground system in the world. middle of London provided ★It is a service in the 2__________
by the Metropolitan Railway Company and the Metropolitan District Railway. ★ The 3________ initial tunnels were opened in1863 and the next section was opened in the south in 4________. 1868

Improvement

★ In 1884 the first railway tunnel under the River

5_________ Thames was dug. ★ In 1890 the first 6_________ electric underground railway was opened by the City and South London Railway. ★ In 1902 a wealthy 7_________ American businessman set up the Underground Electric Railways Company of London.

8_________ Unusual uses During the WWⅡ, many underground stations functioned as bomb 9__________,such as a centre for shelters directing the defence against air attacks, meeting rooms for the government,etc. User-friendly development The system was enlarged and more lines were added, included the Victoria Line 10__________.

Discussion If you travel to some place, what means of transport would you choose? Why ?

Homework
1. Finish the exercise D on P52. 2. Finish the exercise E on P53.


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