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高二英语M5 U3 Reaing导学案


江苏省响水中学高二英语导学案

主备人:潘恩玉 审稿:陈新来

2013-8-8

M5 U3

Science and nature Reading 导学案

【学 007】

A.having led B. led C. leading D. to lead 5. However, in general the scientists were praised for their wonderful scientific advance .(P42L12,L13) in general 一般说来,大体上,通常 ,相当于 generally (speaking) 【短语拓展】in 构成的短语: 1)in all __________ 2)in reality __________ 3) in fact _______________4)in need ________ 5)in public __________ 6)in secret ________________ 7)in danger ________ 8)in ruins ___________ 9)in a word _______________ 10) in use _________ praise vt. & n. 表扬,赞扬,表彰 1) in praise of 赞美 2)sing the praise of 赞扬 3)praise sb. for sth 因某事赞扬某人 6. Although he researches cloning ,his intention has never been to create copies of humans .(P42L16) intention n. 意图,目的 ,其动词形式为 intend,想要,打算 intend to do sth / intend sb to do sth /intend … for … 【译译看】1)好的行动胜与好的意图。______________________________________. 2)他打算让儿子经营那家公司。__________________________________ . 3)那栋房子是为他女儿准备的。__________________________________ . 【短语拓展】1)with the intention of ___________ 2) by intention ___________________ 3)without intention ______________ 7.Instead , he thinks research efforts should concentrate on creating new tissues and organs that can be used to cure diseases like cancer .(P42L17) concentrate … on sth/doing sth 全神贯注于某事、做某事 Eg. I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live . 【短语拓展】“专心于”同义词组: put one’s heart into ; fix one’s mind on ; be occupied in ; be buried in ; be absorbed in ; devote oneself to ; 【译一译】1) Nothing is difficult ,if you put your heart into it .________________________。 2) He is buried in his books . ____________________________ . 8. However, some people believe that cloning human embryos with the intention of destroying them shows no respect for human life .(P42L20) respect 在此句中作名词,意为“尊重,尊敬”。也可用作动词,意为“尊重,尊敬”。 其形容词为 respectful 恭敬的,尊敬的 ;而 respectable 则为“可敬的,体面的”意思。 Eg. We should show respect for our parents and teachers. 【短语拓展】1)show/have respect for __________ 2) out of respect for _________________ 3)respect sb/sth for sth ___________ 4) respect oneself _________________ 【译译看】如果你不尊重自己,怎么能指望别人尊重你呢?___________________________________ ? 另外,respect 还有“点,方面”之意。1) in some respects 在某些方面 2)with respect to 关于 9. ‘I’m anxious to have a child of my own ,’she says . (P42L22) anxious adj 焦急的,焦虑的 ,渴望。。。的,其名词为“anxiety” 【短语拓展】 1)be anxious about sb/sth ___________ 2)be anxious for sth ______________ 3)be anxious to do sth ______________ 【译一译】她担心即将到来的考试。___________________________________________________. 10. While cloning human embryos is not legal in many countries ,some scientists are already pushing ahead with reasearch in order to produce a cloned human baby.(P42L25)

【重点突破】 1. Scientists have announced that they have cloned the first human embryo.(P42L1) announce vt. 宣布,宣告,名词为_________________ 【译译看】学生们正在等待要被学校宣布的结果。________________________________________. 【辨析】announce ,declare announce 侧重宣告人们所关心或感兴趣的事,尤指新闻之类的消息。declare 侧重正式明确向公众“宣布, 宣告,声明,”常用于宣战。Eg. Though they’ve announced that they can clone humans,they are always declaring seriously that they won’t do that . 【选一选】Please remain seated . The winner of the prize will be _________ soon . A.said B.announced C. spoken D. voiced 2. On the one hand ,some scientists point out that if you clone an embryo ,you can produce valuable human tissues---such as ...(P42L2,L5) on (the) one hand …on the other hand 一方面,另一方面 Eg .He is fit for the job . 一方面他英语好,另一方面他会用电脑。 ____________________________________________________________________ . 【短语拓展】for one thing … for another 首先,其次。 point out 是固定短语 ,意为“指出,指给某人看”后可接名词或从句,point at 指着,对准 Eg. I will point him out to you next time he comes . 【短语拓展】 1) point to _______ 2)point at __________ 3)There’s no point (in) doing sth.__________________ 4)make a point ___________ 5)come to the point _______________ 6)to the point ____________ 7)off the point _________________ 8)on the point of doing sth 3. She was born in 1996 and died in early 2003, at a much younger age than normal (P42L11) normal 作名词,意为“正常”;还可用作形容词,意为“正常的,常规的,标准的” 【译译看】1)花了几个星期才使一切恢复正常。__________________________________________. 2)这样长途旅行之后感到疲劳是政策的。_______________________________________ . 【辨析】1)normal temperature __________ 2)ordinary people ___________ 3) at the usual time ___________ 4)a man of average abilities __________ 5) a regular flight _____________ 6)common sense ____________ 4.When she was born,many people were worried that cloning would lead to more diseases in the animal world .(P42L12) lead to 意为“导致,通向”to 为介词 lead … to… 带领。。。到。。。 【译一译】他的愚蠢行为导致了他的失败。______________________________________. All roads lead to Rome . _______________________________________ . 【选一选】 The news shocked the public , ________ to great concern about students’ safety at school.

M5U3 Reading 导学案 Page 1 of 2

while 表示对比,意为“而,然而”;表示让步,意为“虽然,尽管;还可引导时间状语从句,意为 “当。。。的时候”Eg. He is a doctor while I’m a teacher . While I don’t like him , I do agree with what he said . While crossing the street , you can never be too careful . 【短语拓展】 1)after a while 2)all the while 3) once in a while 4) in a short while push ahead with 意为“义无反顾地进行,努力推进” 11. In China , scientists have focused their efforts on cloning animals .(P42L29) focus…on 集中。。。于。。。focus 还可用作名词,意为“中心点,重点,焦点” 【短语拓展】类似短语:concentrate on ; centre on ; fix one’s attention on ; pay attention to 【译一译】你应该专心于正在做的事情上。________________________________________________ . 12.China has succeeded in cloning …and continues to …in which cloning can benefit mankind .(P42L30) succeed in doing sth = be successful in doing sth 成功地做了某事 benefit vt. 对。。。有益 benefit sb = be __________ to sb =be _____________ to sb benefit vi. (sb) benefit ________ sth 其它短语:____ the benefit of 为了。。。的利益 13.After all,scientists have been challenging moral ideas for centuries.(P43L46) 现在完成进行时兼有完成时和进行时的特点,可以表示某一动作对现在的影响或结果,也可表示某一动 作的延续性,重复性等。 【译一译】1)他在这所学校教英语 20 年了。_______________________________________ . 2)这种事故最近一直发生。 __________________________________________ . 14.If I had the chance , I would clone her immediately so that I could be with her again .(P50 L50,L51) If 在此句引导虚拟条件句,与现在事实相反,从句用一般过去时,主句用“would/could /might/should +动词原 形” 【练一练】 如果我是你, 我会立刻放弃这份工作。 ____________________________________________ . 1)对过去的虚拟:从句过去完成时,主句 would +have done 2)对现在的虚拟:从句一般过去时(be 变为 were),主句用“would +动词原形”。3)对将来的虚拟:从句用一般过去时或 were to/should +动词原形,主 句用“would +动词原形” 其它短语:1)in consequence______ 2)comment on=make a comment on_______ 3)for sale______4)on sale___ 5)toy with______ 6)be on one’s way to doing sth______7) come across____ 8) make sense______

17. 成功地做了某事 II. 单项填空 1. We _________ on this project for four hours .Let’s have a rest .

18. 对人类有利

A. are working B.have been working C. worked D. had worked 2. ---The weather has been very hot and dry . ---Yes.If it had rained even adrop, things would be much better now . And my vegetables _________. A. wouldn’t die B. didn’t die C. hadn’t died D. wouldn’t have died 3. ---How is the result , doctor ?--- Well,your health is ________ good, but you do have a few minor problems. A. normally B. frequently C.generally D. regularly 4.Doing eye exercises and morning exercises _____ our health and we ________ it . A. benefits to; benefit B. benefits ;benefit from C. benefits from;benefit D. benefits;are benefited by 5. The headmaster will ______ a speech to the visiting foreign guests this afternoon . A. deliver B. claim C. announce D. declare 6. She was so ______ on the job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door . A. attracted B. absorbed C. drawn D. concentrated 7. The leader spoke ______ the man who had given his life for the cause . A. in praise for B. in praise of C. to praise of D. to praise for 8. The wife does every bit of the housework __the husband just does the dishes now and then . A.since B. when C. while D. as 9. Women like to buy these coats;______ they cost little,and ______ their colors are popular . A. for one thing; for another B. for one side ; for another C. for one hand ; for the other hand D. on one hand ; else 10.My mother always gets a bit _________ if we don’t arrive when we say we will. A. anxious B. ashamed C. weak D. patient 11.If you focus the sun’s rays through a magnifying glass ________ a dry leaf , it will start to burn . A. on B. at C. to D. in 12.If you don’t know anything about the novel , you shouldn’t make ________ on it . A. comments B. commend C. command D. no comments 13.I’d like a job which pays more ,but _____ I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment . A.in other words B. on the other hand C. for one thing D. as a matter of fact 14.---Which share is intended ____ me ?---You can take ____ half .They are exactly the same . A. for; any B. to ;any C. to ; either D.for ; either 15.The latest model of this video recorder is now ________ in your shop. A. for sale B. selling C. on sale D. sale 16.Low-carbon lifestyle is of great ______ to improve the world environment . A.strength B.benefit C.technique D. way 17.The book ____ for adults is not suitable for teenagers to read . A. provides B. intended C. providing D. intending

【当堂检测】
I. 短语翻译 1. 一方面,另一方面 3. 待售 5. 即将做某事 7. 一般来说 9. (把精力等)集中于做某事 11. 对??表示敬意 13. 渴望/极想做某事 15. 推进 2. 指出 4. 摆弄,玩弄 6. 死得比正常的(羊)早得多 8. 因。。。而表扬他们 10. 怀着??的意图 12. 完全赞成某人 14. 第一个做某事的人 16. 处理,对付

M5U3 Reading 导学案 Page 2 of 2


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