Reading and Writing
教学内容分析 The teaching materials of this period contain two parts.The first part is the reading passage on Page 6 with the title of The Best of Manhattan's Art Galleries，which introduces five best art galleries of Manhattan in New York.The second part is the Writing Task on Page 46，which asks the students to write a letter to the headmaster of the school asking for permission to improve the environment of their school by imitating the letter on Page 45. 三维目标设计 Knowledge and skills 1．To enable the students to know something about the five best art galleries in Manhattan in New York. 2． get the students to learn the following useful new words and structures： To consider， appeal to；It is＋adj.＋that clause，It is＋noun＋从句，It's a pity/shame that...(should)．.. 3．To help the students learn how to write a letter asking for permission. 4．To foster the students' ability in skimming and looking up information in reference books and improve the students' reading ability. Process and methods Reading for specific information，summarizing，discussing and practicing. Emotion，attitude and value 1．To stimulate the students' love to galleries and artworks. 2．To develop the students' sense of protecting the environment around them. 教学重、难点 1．The understanding of the reading passage. 2．The following key sentences： (1)Many art lovers would rather visit this small art gallery than any other in New York. (2)Henry Clay Frick，a rich New Yorker，died in 1919，leaving his house，furniture and art collection to the American People. (3)The best way to see the paintings is to start from the top floor and walk down to the bottom. (4)It is amazing that so many great works of art from the late 19th century to the 21st century are housed in the same museum. 3．Teaching the students how to write a letter asking for permission. 教学过程 ?Step 1 Revision Check the answers to the grammar exercises on Page 5 and explain the difficult ones. ?Step 2 Lead－in Give the students a specific situation for the students to think and talk about some famous galleries.You may begin like this “Imagine your class is going to Beijing Arts and Crafts Gallery，and you are the guide of the gallery.Please tell them what they will be able to see in the museum.” ?Step 3 Pre－reading
Give the students the following two questions for them to think about and answer. 1．Do you know any Western art galleries? 2．Have you ever been to any Western galleries before? If so，describe your visit. ?Step 4 Fast reading 1．Scan the text and match the numbers on the map with the museums. Numbers on the map Museums The Frick Collection Guggenheim Museum Metropolitan Museum of Art Museum of Modern Art Whitney Museum of American Art Suggested answers： Numbers on the map 4 1 2 5 3 Museums The Frick Collection Guggenheim Museum Metropolitan Museum of Art Museum of Modern Art Whitney Museum of American Art
2.Skim the text，and answer the following questions. (Slide show) ?1?What's the main idea of this passage？ ?2?Where might you see such a passage？ ?3?Who do you think the text was written for？ Suggested answers： (1)The passage introduces some best art galleries of Manhattan. (2)Possibly in a guide book. (3)Tourists and art gallery visitors. ?Step 5 Detailed reading Read the passage more carefully and complete the chart below. Name Museum of Modern Art From ancient to modern times Guggenheim Museum The Frick Collection Suggested answers： Name Whitney Museum of American Art Museum of Modern Art Metropolitan Museum of Art Guggenheim Museum The Frick Collection Address Which centuries？ What countries？ America 945 Madison Avenue， Contemporary(mainly near 75th Street art by living artists) 53rd Street，between 5th and 6th Avenues 5th Avenue & 82nd Street 5th Avenue & 88th Street 5th Avenue and E． 70th Street From the late 19th century to the 21st century From ancient to modern times Modern(from the late 19th century onwards) Pre－twentieth century Western countries Western countries Address Which centuries？ What countries？ America
All over the world Western countries Western countries
?Step 6 Discussion Enjoy the following pictures and discuss the following questions. Which of the five galleries would you like to visit？Why? Guggenheim Museum Metropolitan Museum of Art Whitney Museum of American Art The Frick Collection Museum of Modern Art ?Step 7 Language study Show the students the following language points in the passage in a slide show. 1．appeal to(P6) 【原句再现】
It will appeal_to those who love Impressionist and Post－Impressionist paintings. 展览将吸引印象派和后印象派作品的爱好者。 【观察探究】 (1)Bright colors appeal to small children.小孩喜欢鲜艳的颜色。 (2)They never appealed to us for mercy.他们从不向我们乞求怜悯。 (3)You should not appeal to force.你们不应该诉诸武力。 (4)Bob launched an urgent appeal for the famine victims. 鲍勃发出了援助饥民的紧急呼吁。 【归纳总结】 appeal to 意为“吸引，使感兴趣”。appeal 还可作名词，意为“呼吁；恳求”。 【知识拓展】 appealing adj. “有吸引力的；求助的；恳求的”。例如： The idea of not having to get up early every morning is rather appealing to me. 每天早上不必早起的主意对我有相当的吸引力。 【即景活用】 (1)It's a reference book intended to appeal mainly ______ students of Grade 3. A．to B．for C．on D．as (2)Teaching as a career ______ to many people because of the long holidays. A．attracts B．calls C．appeals D．pulls Suggested answers：(1)A (2)C 2 ． Henry Clay Frick ， a rich New Yorker ， died in 1919 ， leaving_his_house ， furniture_and_art_collection_to_the_American_people. 纽约巨富 Henry Clay Frick 死于 1919 年， 把他的房子、 家具和艺术收藏留给了美国人民。 句中的 leaving his house，furniture and art collection to the American people 为现在分词短 语，作动词 died 的结果状语。动词－ing 形式作状语时，可表示时间、原因、结果、条件、 让步、行为方式、伴随状况等，通常情况下句子的主语与该动词之间是逻辑上的主动关系， 表示时间关系的分词短语有时可由 when 或 while 引出。例如： Both of his parents died in the war，leaving him alone. 他的父母都在战争中死去了，结果他成了孤儿。 Walking in the street，I saw him.(＝When/While I was walking in the street，I saw him.) 当我在街上走时，我看到了他。 【即景活用】 (1)To buy some salt，the careless housewife went downstairs，______ the fish ______ over the gas. A．left；cooked B．leaving；being cooked C．leaving；cooking D．left；being cooked (2)He is a student at Oxford University，______for a degree in computer science. A．studied B．studying C．to have studied D．to be studying Suggested answers：(1)B (2)B 3． best way to see the paintings is to_start_from_the_top_floor_and_walk_down_to_the_ The bottom. 看画展最好是从顶层看起，一直往下看到底层。
不定式作表语常表示将来的动作， 主语常常是表示意向、 打算、 计划的词， wish， 如 idea， task，purpose，duty，job 等。例如： The most important thing for one's health is to have plenty of exercise. 对人的健康来说，最重要的是多运动。 My chief purpose is to point out the difficulties of the matter. 我的主要目的是指出那件事情的困难。 The purpose of the organization is to greet all newcomers to the city and to provide them with any necessary information. 那个组织的目的是接待来到这个城市的新移民，为他们提供必要的信息。 What I wanted was to get the work done as quickly as possible. 我想要的是尽快完成那项工作。 4．It is amazing that so many great works of art from the late 19th century to the 21st century are housed in the same museum. 令人吃惊的是， 同一个博物馆里竟能容纳下从 19 世纪末到 21 世纪的如此多的名家巨作。 这是一个由形式主语 it 引导的句子，其句型结构为：It is＋adj.＋that clause，真正的主 语是后面的 that 从句。例如： It is possible that it will rain tomorrow. 明天可能会下雨。 It was clear that they hadn't made a decision. 很明显，他们还没作出决定。 【知识拓展】 It is＋n.＋从句 It's a pity/shame that...(should)．.. 【即景活用】 (1)为你的粗鲁向她道歉是很有必要的。 ____________ you should apologize to her for your rudeness. (2)在北京成功举办 2008 年奥运会是我们极大的荣耀。 ____________ we succeeded in holding the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. Suggested answers： (1)It's necessary that (2)It is our great honor that ?Step 8 Writing Write a letter to the headmaster of the school asking for permission to improve the environment of the school.While the students are writing，tell them they can： 1．Use the letter on Page 45 as a model. 2．Start the letter with their address，then the headmaster's address and the date. 3．Start their letter with an introductory paragraph that explains why they are writing the letter and gives a general idea of what they want to do. 4．Describe their plan and how they will achieve it.Start a new paragraph for each new detail of their plan. 5．End their letter with a summary of what they want the principal to do. One possible version： Class 1，Grade 3 Shandong Changhong High School
Mr Wang Headmaster of Shandong Changhong High School Box 001 15 Nov. Dear Mr Wang， As you know，our school used to look like a beautiful garden with green trees and many kinds of flowers in our schoolyard all year round.But great changes have taken place since a chemical work was built near our school two years ago.It produces poisonous gases and pours a large amount of waste water into the river.The terrible pollution has done great harm to students and teachers as well as to the surroundings.It's time for us to do something to protect our school and prevent her from being polluted. First，we must make great efforts to clean up polluted water and stop further water pollution.Ask the government to maintain and improve present facilities，and construct new project with health，safety，and protection of the environment as primary concerns. Second，we must insist that water pollution control laws be passed and strictly enforced.This responsibility extends also to members of the general public in our surrounding community.An important aspect of this responsibility is making ongoing water quality. Finally，we can also protect ourselves against polluted water.We should take measures to clean the polluted water. We hope you will give us a permission to carry out the project and donate 5000 yuan we need.And we also require you to make a report to ask for the government's rescue.By doing so， we will be able to live a healthier and happier life. Yours sincerely， Liu Wei ?Step 9 Homework 1．Master the language points in the text. 2．Finish the writing task. ?Step 10 Reflection after teaching ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 教学参考 Ⅰ.The Frick Collection(弗里克收藏馆) The Frick Collection is located in the former mansion of Mr Frick，whose private art collection was made into a museum after his death in the early twentieth century；the museum is designed to feel more like a private home than a public place.The mansion is a true work of art； the low stone building and courtyard take up almost an entire city block and statues stand prominently by the entranceway.Some of the rooms of the house have painted walls like the frescoes of a Renaissance church or castle， the furniture that adorns all the rooms of the house and is almost entirely from the sixteenth century.All the other rooms have rich wood walls and floors， marble fireplaces and decorative columns，giving visitors the sense of being in an old，musty castle or cathedral.It seems impossible that people actually lived here，but they did.
You'll see nothing more recent than 1880's French Impressionism here； most of the work is at least a century older than that， with one piece that is nearly seven hundred years old! Finding your way around can be complicated because the house has several small，out－of－the－way rooms that were incorporated into the museum.Take advantage of the free self－guided audio tours.Many of the paintings and sculptures have numbers posted next to them；you just punch a number into the audio player，a message，recorded by an art expert，explains the work's stylistic elements， historical context and gives the artist's biography.It's a simple and enjoyable way to tour the museum. A visit to the Frick should take two or three hours， if you want to get to every piece on the but audio tour，your visit could take four hours or more.The Frick Collection is a museum that would appeal mostly to fans of classic sixteenth to eighteenth century European art.It is not recommended for kids. Ⅱ.Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都会艺术博物馆) The Metropolitan Museum of Art，known colloquially as the Met，is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park，along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City， United States，North America.It has a permanent collection containing more than two million works of art，divided into nineteen curatorial departments.The main building，often referred to simply as “the Met”， one of the world's largest art galleries； is there is also a much smaller second location in Upper Manhattan，at “The Cloisters”，which features medieval art. Represented in the permanent collection are works of art from classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt， paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters， an extensive collection and of American and modern art.The Met also maintains extensive holdings of African，Asian， Oceanic，Byzantine，and Islamic art.The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments，costumes and accessories，and antique weapons and armor from around the world.A number of notable interiors，ranging from 1st century Rome through modern American design，are permanently installed in the Met's galleries. The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 by a group of American citizens.The founders included businessmen and financiers，as well as leading artists and thinkers of the day， who wanted to open a museum to bring art and art education to the American people.It opened on February 20,1872，and was originally located at 681 Fifth Avenue. As of 2007，the Met measures almost 400 meters long and occupies more than 2 000 000 square feet. Ⅲ.Whitney Museum of American Art(惠特尼美国艺术博物馆) The Whitney Museum of American Art，often referred to simply as “the Whitney”，is an art museum with a focus on 20th and 21st century American art.Located at 945 Madison Avenue at 75th Street in New York City，the Whitney's permanent collection contains more than 18 000 works in a wide variety of media.The Whitney places a particular emphasis on exhibiting the work of living artists for its collection as well as maintaining an extensive permanent collection containing many important pieces from the first half of the century.The museum's Annual and Biennial exhibitions have long been a venue for younger and less well－known artists whose work is showcased by the museum.