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2017年高考英语完形填空答题技巧


2017 年高英语完形填空答题技巧
TeachingAims【学习目标】 : 1. 熟练运用所学词汇,并学会充分利用上下文语境所提供的线索进行选择。 2. 通过限时训练,学会整体归纳、总结提炼的方法。 3. 全力以赴投入学习,培养积极的人生态度。

Teaching Steps(教学流程)
完型填空试题主要特点: 1. 通常从一篇 300 词左右,文章中设空 15 个,首句不挖空; 2. 干扰项设计严密.一般情况下,四个选项的词性相同或属于同等或对等范畴,干扰项填入 后在语法上一般不存在错误,对考生有很大的迷惑作用; 3.突出语篇(语境),强调应用,注重交际; 4.大多富有积极的教育意义,给人以人生的启迪或是充满了生活情趣; 细读文章的第一句话 高考完形填空选文的第一句话通常是完整的。该句往往就是主题句(Topic Sentence) ,这就 为我们理解文章的内在联系提供了一个“窗口” ,它的句意往往为全文提供中心信息,能直 接概括全文大意、揭示主题。 充分重视首句的标示作用,利用它为解题找到一个突破口,据此展开思维,争取开局胜 利。

Step 1. Leading in:【真题示例】
I tried to find a 12 position and thought it might be restful, 13 even kind of nice, to be 14 around for a while. Looking around, I 15 realized I would have to handle the thing my-self ! My hands started to ache as I 16 turned the heavy metal wheels. I came to know that controlling the direction of the wheelchair was not going to be an easy task. 12. A. flexible B. safe C. starting D. comfortable 14. A. shown B. pushed C. driven D. guided 【学以致用】A Heroic Driver Larry works with Transport Drivers, Inc. One morning in 2009, Larry was 41 along 165 north after delivering to one of his 42 . 41. A. walking B. touring C. traveling D. rushing 42. A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers 【语义场 (同一话题)】 One more look and he noticed 45 shooting out from under the 46 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 47 get hold of the fire extinguisher ( 灭火器 ). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out. 45. A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam 【同/近义词(synonym)】 One more look and he noticed 45 shooting out from under the 46 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 47 get hold of the fire extinguisher ( 灭火器 ). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out. 46. A.used B. disabled C.removed D. abandoned

【同/近义词(synonym)】 51 the vehicle,they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 52 until the emergency personnel arrived, 53 she thought the car was going to 54 . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 55 she injured her neck. ......Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! 51. A.Starting B.Parking C.Passing D.Approaching 52. A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm 【反义词(antonym)】 Once fire and emergency people arrived, Larry and the other man 56 and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the 57 if he was needed or 58 to go. They let him and the other man go. 57. A.woman B.police C.man D.driver Then, Larry asked the 57 if he was needed or 58 to go. They let him and the other man go. 58. A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free 【上下义/总分 (hyponymy)】 上义词 (概括) 下义词 (具体分述) instrument adult piano,violin,drum parents,teachers,professor

【Task 1 运用同复现法解决小语境问题 】 1.Many are concerned that gifted children become bored and lose interest in learning . However, this ____ is more often from parents and teachers than from students. A.concern B.conclusion C.reflection D.interest 【同源/同根词 (cognate word)】 2.Grasslands need time to recover when cattle and other animals feed on them.Moving animals from one field to another can provide the______ needed for new growth. A.cattle B.time C.space D.help 【原词 (the same word)】 3. Car drivers have to obey traffic regulations that tell them the right things to do on the road to avoid crashes.Cyclists who give signals before turning or stopping help prevent ________ . A. accidents B.mistakes C. falls D.deaths 【上下义/总分 (hyponymy)】 4. Our father was a struggling lawyer , but I always knew he was special. He never criticized us, but used ________ to bring out our best. A. help B. peace C. smile D. praise 【反义词 (antonym)】 5. “Hooray! ” shouted the crowd. It was the loudest ________I had ever heard at a meet. The first?place runner was two laps ahead of me when she crossed the finishing line A.cheer B.shout C.cry D.noise 【语义场(同一话题)(semantic field)) 】 6. That is what a hobby means, I guess. It is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the_______of it.The value in dollars is not important; we do it for the pleasure it gives us. A.benefit B.good C.fun D.interest

Task 2 运用同复现法解决大语境问题 【小试牛刀】 As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine (常 规) basis. As a matter of fact, we can see this 41 at work in people of all 42 . For example, on Christmas morning , children are excited about 43 with their new toys. ...... Adolescents enter high school ......The same is true of the young adults going to college. ......Before people retire, ...... 41. A. principle B. habit C. weaker D. power 42. A. parties B. races C. countries D. ages For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about 43 with their new toys. But their 44 soon wears off and by January those 45 same toys can be found put away in the basement. The world is full of 46 stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone’s 47 interest. 44. A. confidence B. interest C. anxiety D. sorrow 46. A. well-organized B. colorfully-printed C. newly- collected D. half-filled 47. A. broad B. passing C. different D. main Adolescents enter high school with great 50 but are soon looking forward to 51 . 50. A. courage B. calmness C. confusion D. excitement 51. A. graduation B. independence C. responsibility D. success But their 44 soon wears off and by January those 45 toys can be found put away in the basement. ...... Within a short time, .....Adolescents enter high school with great 50 but are soon looking forward to 51 . ...... But 58 after retirement , the golfing, the fishing, the reading and all of the other past-imes become as boring as the jobs they 59 . 58. A. only B. well C. even D. soon. 59. A. lost B. chose C. left D. quit And , like the child in January, they go searching for new 60 . 60. A. pets B. toys C. friends D. colleagues 【 GROUP Discuss with your partners】 1. (2016 北京) How could the medicine get to Nome? The town’s 39 was already full of ice, so it couldn’ t come by ship. Cars and horses couldn’ t travel on the 40 roads. Jet airplanes and big trucks didn’t exist yet. 39. A. airport B. station C. harbor D. border 40. A. narrow B. snowy C. busy D. dirty 2. (2015 天津) LET’S DIY Days later, we made an 23.offer —- far below the asking price. Surprisingly, they didn’t 24.laugh at us. They renewed their offer 25.instead. It was also much more than we could afford, but far 26.less than the original asking price. The next day, we got a 27.disappointing message that another buyer had offered a much higher price. Even so, we decided to talk with the 28.owners directly. We made our final offer, which 29.still was thousands of dollars less than the other buyer’s bid. We knew it, 30.but we had to try. (3 blanks)


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