The First Period
●从容说课 This is the first period of this unit.In this period，students are expected to discuss what kind of person they are.The purpose is to give students chance to practice their oral English， at the same time，they can have a general idea about what are the qualities they should find in a great person.In this period，there is a part designed to practice speaking and reading.In order to make students have a thorough idea of qualities great people have in common，and predict the contents of reading，it is important to make good use of the six pictures，especially Nelson Mandela.What’s more，this is the first period of this unit，so it is necessary to deal with the new words and expressions of this part，so as to make it easy for students to begin and make them less anxious in study. ●三维目标 1.Knowledge： Learn and master the new words and expressions in this period. Words：hero，quality，willing，active，republic，principle，nationalism，livelihood，fight， peaceful，prison，prisoner，law，advise，continue，fee，gold，passbook，ANC，youth，league， stage，vote，position，accept，violence，equal Phrases：lose heart，in trouble，worry about，out of work，Youth League，as a matter of fact， blow up，put...in prison 2.Ability： （1）Talk about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Do reading practice to improve the students’ reading abilities. 3.Emotion： （1）Learn about some great people and qualities they have in common. （2）Develop the students’ moral quality. ●教学重点 （1）Talk about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Enable the students to grasp the main idea of the passage. （3）Improve the students’ reading ability. ●教学难点 （1）How to express their own opinions and ideas. （2）How to grasp the main idea of a text or a passage. ●教具准备 The multimedia and the blackboard. ●教学过程 Step 1 Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step 2 Lead-in T： （Walk to one boy） Wang Bin，what do you usually do on weekends？ S 1 ：I sometimes play basketball with friends.I like basketball very much. T：Then you must know this man.（Show the picture or play a short video program of Jordan —a famous basketball player who is a black man.）
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T：Do you know who he is？ S 1 ：Of course I do.He is Jordan，my idol.He is the best basketball player in the world.I have many pictures of him. T：Yes，you’re quite right.He is very famous and many people all over the world worship him.But do you know that it was not until about fifty years ago that the blacks got their freedom and were treated as equal citizens？ S 2 ：Yes，we learnt about this in our history classes.The blacks were first brought to America as slaves.They were treated badly and they had no rights. T：That’s right.But we all know that things are different now.Do you know how they could have the same rights as the whites？ S 3 ：We don’t know much about this.Please tell us more. T：OK.Many people devoted themselves to this.Some were put into prison and some even lost their lives.Look at the two pictures and read the notes about them.Then have a discussion in groups of four.Try to explain why they are great men. （Show the following pictures and their information on the screen）.
Born in 1929 Graduated in 1955 Worked in a church Organized his first actions in 1955 Formed an organization for American black leaders to work together in 1957 Gave the speech “I Have a Dream” in 1963 Received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 Murdered in 1968
Born in 1918 First actions while still at university in 1940 Graduated in 1942 Helped to found the ANC Youth League in 1944 Led many peaceful actions during the 1950s Put in prison from 1962 till 1989 Received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 Became the first black president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999
（Give the students a few minutes to discuss the questions.Then ask some of them to say their answers.） T：Are you ready？ Ss：Yes. T：Good.Now who would like to tell us why these two men are great？ S 3 ：Let me have a try.I think Martin Luther King，Jr.is great.He worked for the freedom of all the blacks.He was born in 1929.After he graduated in 1955，he worked in a church and organized
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his first actions in the same year.Two years later，he formed an organization for black leaders to work together.In 1963，he had the famous speech “I have a dream”.Because of his success in his work，he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.Unfortunately he was murdered in 1968. T：Very good.Now，who can tell us something about Nelson Mandela？ S 4 ：He was the first black president in South Africa from 1994 to 1999.He was born in 1918 and worked for the equal rights for the blacks of South Africa for many years.As early as in 1940，while he was still at university，he took his first actions.In 1944，he helped to found the ANC Youth League.During the 1950s，he led many peaceful actions.His enemies hated him and he had been kept a prisoner from 1962 to 1989，but he never gave up the struggle for the freedom of all the blacks，so he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. T：Very good.You know a lot about them.Who can explain in which way struggle was an important part in the lives of them？Li Yang，would you have a try？ S 5 ：OK.I think struggle for the equal rights of all the blacks was an important part in the lives of them.They both achieved their goals by peaceful revolution. T：Who knows how the situations are in their countries now？Has the situation been improved？ S 6 ：Things are different now in the USA.The blacks and the whites have equal rights.They can both be elected leaders of their country. T：Good.Who has anything else to say？ S 7 ：The same is in South Africa.After Mandela，there is a second black president.No matter who breaks the law of the country，he will be punished or put into prison. Step 3 New words T：Now I want you to have a look at the key words on the blackboard.Do you know the meanings of them？If not，you can check them on Pages 96-97. （Give several minutes for them to get to know the meanings of these words.） T：Let’s read these new words together. Step 4 Warming up T：Well done.From the discussion we had just now，we know Martin Luther King，Jr.and Nelson Mandela are great people.So what are the qualities we should find in a great person？Who do you think is a great person？ （Ask students to discuss these questions in groups of four.Five minutes later，check with the whole class.） T：Are you ready？ Ss：Yes. T：Good.Now，who would like to tell us what qualities a great person should have，Li Lei， have a try？ S 8 ：Smart，modest，unselfish，warm-hearted，confident，determined，active，honest，brave， persistent. T：Very good.As a great person，should he/she get on well with others？Should he/she willing to do public service？Should he/she be active in society activities？Should he/she never lose heart when he/she is in great trouble？ S 9 ：Yes.He/She should help others. S 10 ：As a great person，he/she should never lose heart when he/she is in trouble. ... T：Now，I’d like to ask you a question like that what kind of person you are.Please look at Part 1，Page 33.Here is a form including 11 questions.Now please answer these questions by yourselves.Let us find out what qualities you have and if you have the qualities to be a great
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person. （Let the students to answer these questions alone.At last，check the answers together with the whole class.） T：I’m very glad to find out so many students in our class have the qualities to be a great person.By the way，so far you have done very well. Step 5 Pre-reading T： Just now， talked about two great men， we and now we will talk about five other people.William Tyndale，Norman Bethune，Sun Yat-sen，Gandhi and Neil Armstrong.You know，most of the great people are also important people.But important people may not also be great people.Now please turn to Pages 33-34 and read the information about them.Discuss their lives in pairs and decide which of them are great men and which are just important men.Give your reasons for your decision. （Allow the students enough time to prepare.） T：Are you ready？ Ss：Yes. T：Now any volunteers？ S 11 ：I have a try.I think Norman Bethune is a great person because he fought against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War Ⅱ.Besides，he worked in China as a doctor and saved many Chinese soldiers.Finally he lost his life for the liberation of Chinese people.He is very unselfish. T：Very good.Tom，what’s you opinion？ S 12 ：In my opinion，Gandhi is great.He gave up a rich life for his ideas and fought for his country to be free from the UK in a peaceful way. T：Well done.Do you think if William Tyndale is a great person，Mary？ S 13 ：I don’t think so.I think William Tyndale is an important person because he just did an important thing—wrote the Bible in English so all could read it.I think Norman Bethune， Sun Yat-sen， Gandhi are great persons， because they devoted themselves to the liberation of mankind and they changed history while William Tyndale and Neil Armstrong are important persons because they just did an important deed in history. T：Very good.But maybe different students have different ideas about that.Do you agree Nelson Mandela is a great person？ Ss：Yes. T：Do you want to know more information about him？ Ss：Yes. T：OK.Let’s read the passage “Elias’ story”.After you read the passage，I think you will learn a lot from it.Now read the passage quickly and decide which of the sentences on the screen are true. （Show the following sentences on the screen and give the students several minutes to finish the task.） 1.Elias met Nelson Mandela at school. 2.Nelson Mandela was a black lawyer. 3.Elias was unable to read or write because he was lazy. 4.Nelson Mandela helped him keep his job. 5.Elias was happy blowing up government buildings. 6.Nelson Mandela believed that black people were being treated as well as white people in South Africa. 7.Nelson Mandela thought violence was a good way to help black people.
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8.The government were happy with Nelson Mandela and the ANC. T：Look at the first sentence，please.Is it true？ S 14 ：I think it is wrong，because Elias met Nelson Mandela when he was a poor black worker. T：How about the second sentence？ S 15 ：It’s right，because in the passage we can find this sentence.It was in 1952 and he had opened a black law firm to advise poor black people on their problems. T：Very good.Now who can tell us which of these sentences are correct？ S 16 ：I think the fourth sentence is right. T：Do you agree with him/her？ Ss：Yes. T：What about the third sentence？ S 17 ：I think it is wrong.Elias was unable to read or write because his family could not continue to pay the school fess and the bus fare，so he had to leave school when he was eight years old. T：Good.Look at the fifth sentence，who’d like to have a try？ S 18 ：I’d like to.This sentence is wrong because Elias did not like violence. T：How about the next sentence？ S 19 ：It’s wrong.Nelson Mandela didn’t believe that black people were being treated as well as white people in South Africa. T：How do you know this？ S 20 ：In the passage，we can read this sentence：...until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. T：Good.What about the last two sentences？ S 21 ：They’re both wrong.Nelson Mandela believed that breaking the law in a peaceful way was his first choice.As to the last sentence，Nelson Mandela led the struggle against the government， so it is natural for him to be hated by the government. Step 6 Reading and understanding T：Now，read the text again and make a timeline of Elias’ life until he met Nelson Mandela.Work out the year in which he was born and then fit in the other event in his life till he was fourteen. （Show the following on the screen.） －1940 －1942 －1944 －1946 －1948 －1950 －1952 －1954
（Students practise for a few minutes and the teacher may join in their discussion and help them.Finally ask some students to answer them one by one.） Suggested answers： －1940 He was born. －1942 Not mentioned. －1944 Not mentioned. －1946 He began school. －1948 He had to leave school. －1950 He worked in a gold mine in Johannesburg. －1952 He first met Nelson Mandela. －1954 Not mentioned. T：To help you better understand the passage，please read the passage after the tape.And then answer the following questions：
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Q 1 ：How many parts can we divide the text into？ Q 2 ：What’s the main idea of each part？ Are you clear？ （Teacher plays the tape and helps the students with their pronunciation.） Suggested answers： Part 1 （para 1-2）The life of Elias before he met Nelson Mandela. Part 2 （para 3-5） The change of Elias’ life after he met Nelson Mandela and what Mandela did. Step 7 Summary T：Today，we’ve learnt a text “Elias’ story”.And we did some talking about great people.I think you have got a lot of information about racial discrimination and the qualities great people have in common. Step 8 Homework 1.Read the passage more. 2.Finish Ex 1，Ex 2 on SB.P35-36. ●板书设计 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero The First Period 1.hero 2.quality 3.willing 4.active 5.republic 6.principle 7.nationalism 8.livelihood 9.fight 10.peaceful ... Part 1 （para 1-2） The life of Elias before he met Nelson Mandela. Part 2 （para 3-5） The change of Elias’ life after he met Nelson Mandela and what Mandela did. ●活动与探究 This activity is to make a research into what kind of person your best friend is.Ask students to fill in the following table after school by doing a research in their free time.
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Questions Do you always do your own homework？ Do you ask for help when you think it necessary？ Do you help others with their work if they ask you？ Do you get on well with your classmates？ Are you willing to do public service work without pay？ Your friend needs bus fare home but you want to buy something to eat. Would you refuse to help？ Are you active in school activities？ Do you have hobbies？ Do you easily lose heart when you are in trouble？ Do you often help old people or little children when they need help？
●备课资料 Mandela’s statements in court during the trials are classics in the history of the resistance to apartheid，and they have been an inspiration to all who have opposed it.His statement from the dock in the Rivonia Trial ends with these words： I have fought against white domination，and I have fought against black domination.I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.But if needs be，it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment.He started his prison years in the notorious Robben Island Prison，a maximum security prison on a small island 7 km off the coast near Cape Town.
Mandela rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence.Prisoners cannot enter into contracts.Only free men can negotiate，he said.In April 1984 he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town.1988 he was moved the Victor Verster Prison.Released on 11 February 1990，Mandela plunged wholeheartedly into his life’s work.Striving to attain the goals he and others had set out almost four decades earlier.In 1991，at the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa，Nelson Mandela was elected President of the ANC.His lifelong friend and colleague，Oliver Tambo，became the organisation’s National Chairperson.Despite terrible provocation，he has never answered racism with racism.His life has been an inspiration，in South Africa and throughout the world.To all who are oppressed and deprived，and to all who are opposed to oppression and deprivation.In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit over mans inhumanity to man，Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.He accepted the award on behalf of all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much，to bring peace to our land.
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