Unit 2 English around the world
典型句式运用 一. 课文原文 Do you know that there is 观察思考 more than 的用法 one kind of English? (回归课本 P9)
有 100 多位科学家参加了这次会议。 He is more than a writer; he is also a professor. 他不仅仅是位作家，还是一位教授。 They were more than glad to help. 他们非常乐意帮忙。 The boy is more lazy than stupid 与其说他笨，不如说它懒。 归纳总结 (1)more than+数词，意为“ ”，相当于 over。 (2)more than+名词，意为“ ”，相当于 not only。 (3)more than+形容词，意为“ ”，相当于 very。 (4)more...than...意为“ ”，在此结构中，肯定的是 more 后面的内容，而 否定的是 than 后面的内容。 (5)no more than 只不过，仅仅 not more than 不超过，至多 other than 不同于；除了 rather than 而不是 no less than 和……一样，不少于 no other than 恰恰是，正是 less than 不到，少于（后接数词，与 more than 相对） 即学即用 ① I’ve known David for 我认识戴维二十多年了。 ②China Daily is___________________a paper， It helps us to improve our English 中国日报不 仅仅是一份报纸，它还帮助我们提高英语。 ③All his income adds up to _________________（仅仅）500 yuan a month。 （4）To tell you the truth, I think it is you, Mr. Black,
D. more than; who is to blame （5）—I’m — C. more than D. less than （6）—The flags of every independent country are
just colorful pieces of cloth and thread
—Exactly. A flag often symbolizes the origin beliefs and culture. C. more than D. other than
二. 课文原文 In some important ways they are very different from one another。 在一些重要 方面，他们彼此差别很大。 way n 路线；方法；途径
way 是可数名词，单数形式可加 a 或其它跟定词，亦可以用复数形式，表示“在… 方面；以…方式”，常用介词 in。 ① only in this way can you work out the problem。 只有使用这种方法你才能解决问 题。 in the way 挡道 in on way 绝不 in a way 某种程度上 by way of 途径 by the way 顺带一提
way 后接定语时有 3 种方式： 1、 way to do sth 2、 way of doing sth way＋that／in which／省略＋clause（关系词都分在定语从句 ②__________________（顺便问一下），where has he gone？ I will buy some bread___________________（在回家的路上）。 三．课文原文 Which country do you think has the most English learners? Why do you think people all over the world want to learn English? 本句中 do you think 是 ，这种疑问句叫双重疑问句。根据疑问词是否作主语，这种 句式可分为以下两种情况： （1） 作主语的疑问代词+do you think/believe/suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+ 谓语+其他。 Who do you think is the best seller in our company? （2） 不作主语的疑问词+do you think/believe/suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+ 主语+谓语+其他。Why do you think the boy is crying? get such a book? A. Where do you think can I C. Do you think where can I D. Where do you think I can
1） 阅读 The Road to Modern English, 然后完成下面的表格。 (这是细节题， 人人可以做到，
不信试试看啊，试着在 5 分钟之内完成，你就很棒了！)
Time between AD 450 and 1150 between about AD 800 and 1150. In the 1600's In the 18th century From 1765 to 1947 Facts English was _ 1__ English spoken today. English became less like _ 2 _. Shakespeare made use of _3_ than before. __4 _ people brought English to __5 _. English became the language for __6 _ in India.
More people speak English than ever before. The number of people __7 _ in China __8 _rapidly.
2) 挑战自我 根据课文内容将下面短文补充完整。(这题是拔高题，考你的记忆能力、理解
能力，试着在 10 分钟之内读完课文然后关书填空，挑战一下自我啊！)
English is a ___1____spoken all around the world. For more than 375 million people in countries __2___ ____3__the United Kingdom and the United States. English is their ___4____language. Another 375 million people learn English as a second language.___5_____, most people learn English at school as a foreign language. The English language is also ____6___by most international organizations as their working language, as well as in international trade and tourism. Most foreigners visiting __7___are either businessmen or tourists. If their __8__ speak Chinese, they use English to communicate with Chinese people. In global（全世界的) culture, for____9____,the Internet or popular music, English is widely used. In the homes, we will be speaking Chinese with our family, but we will be _10____ English with people around the world for our work. 四．课文原文 Later in the next century, people from England made voyages parts of the world. 【例 1】We are invited to a party A.to be held 五．课文原文 English began 【例 3】The host didn’t want his house door. C. to be stayed D. to be stayed in 六．课文原文 Native English speakers understand each other in our club next Friday. other （山东高考）
in many other countries. for the night, so we had to try knocking at another
speak the same kind of English. 本句中的 even if 相当于 ，意为“ ”，引导让步状语从句。even if/though 所引导的让步状语从句可用现在时代替将来时。 even if／though 与 as if／though(好像；仿佛) 1 I can still remember，_______________it was so long ago ○ 2 It seems______________our team is going to win ○ ③— —Yes, invited. A. even if B. if C. unless D. as 【例】One of the few things you lot about the weather. （北京高考） A. need B. must C. should
say about English people with certainty is that they talk a D.
七． 课文原文 Actually all languages change and develop with each other. 【例】She had just finished her homework piano yesterday.（福建高考） A. when B. while C. after 八． 课文原文 At first the English D.
cultures meet and communicate
her mother asked her to practice playing the
in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very on his own farm. （北京高考）
different from the English spoken today. 【例】For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit
A. being grown C. D. to grow 八．课文原文.Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.如今学 英语的中国人在快速增多。 本句的主语是 the number of(……的数量/数目)，故谓语动词用 。 The number of people who English as a foreign language A. learns; is C. learns; are D. learn; is more than 750 million.
潜心辨析：a number of/the number of
1、a number of 意为“一些，若干”，后接复数名词或代词，作主语时谓语动词须用复数形 式。Number 前可用 large，great 等词修饰。 2、the number of 意为“～的数量”中心词是 number，作主语时谓语动词须用单数形式 1 ____________students in our school _____________from the countryside ○ 我们学校很多学生来自乡下。 2 __________cars ____________increasing in our country ○ 我国汽车数在增加。 九．课文原文.Only time will tell 只好由时间作答了。 该句是一个省略句， 完整句是： Only time will tell whether Chinese English develops its own identity，为避免与上句重复而省略 tell 后的宾语从句。 Will Jack be able to return home ？Only time will tell 杰克能否回到家乡，只能由时间回 答了。 课后巩固练习
C 级测评：（高楼大厦平地起，你能很踏实的学习基础知识，很好！请在 5 分钟内完成）
I. 单词拼写 1. The ship sank on its long _______(航行). 2. He had lost his ____(身份) card and was being questioned by the police. 3. The President was leaving for a four-day _____ (正式的) visit to Mexico 4. _______(事实上), on second thoughts, I don’t think I will go out with him. 5. Do you want to take the _____(电梯) or use the stairs? 6. In America a flat is called an ________(公寓) 7. You can use your _______(橡皮) to remove pencil marks. 8. She speaks _______ （流利的) though not very correct French.
9.There has been a _______(逐渐的) change in climate. 10. Celebrations are planned for the _____(较后面的) part of November. II 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 走近，上来 以……为基础 现在，目前 利用，使用 扮演……角色；参与，在……中起作用 不仅，多于 在……末端，在……末期 即使，尽管，但是 许多，大量 be based on; at present; because of; because; in some ways; such as; make use of; more than; come up; fluently 1. She can speak Italian_____. 2. This film ___ a novel by D.H.Lawrence 3. I decided to go with them, mainly ____ I had nothing better to do. 4. It is partly ___ her sick mother that she hasn’t taken the job abroad. 5. I’m sorry he’s out______. 6. You can ____ your talents to become rich as well. 7. I know many of them, _____John, Peter, and Tom. 8. He rang to say he would be late home--something ____ at the office . 9._____a quarter of the students never finished their courses’ 10. As you see, we look the same_________. B 级测评： （学贵在用，你能运用所学知识，又向前跨了一步！如果能在 15 分钟内完成就更好了） I.单项填空 1. I will never speak to anyone like that _______ they say something unpleasant to me. A.because A.such as A．in a fact thousands of references. A.catches up A.voyage B.comes up B.trip C.ends up C.journey D.puts up D.tour 5.Time made a ______ to the Great Wall during the summer holiday. 6.The world market price of coal is _______ relatively low ,but it is certain to change in the B.as if B.for example B. in an actual fact C.even if C.namely C.as matter of fact D. since D.and so on D.actually 2.A lot of countries have gained excellent achievements in space technology, China______. 3.He looks honest, but _______ he often tells lies. 4.You type mostly anything into the space provided on Google and in a second it ______ with
future. A.at present A.of A.raised A.official has served C.official has served for A.more than A.as B.at the present B.from B.were risen C.in present C.up C.came up D.in the present D.in D.asked 7.We should consider what use can be made _________ such a material .. 8.Many questions ______ at the meeting, but he answered none. 9.More than one _______ the people heart and soul. B.officials have served D.officials have served for B.no more than B.because C.not more than C.because of D.no more D.since
10.China Daily is _______ a paper. It helps to improve our English. 11.Almost everybody present felt unhappy______what he had said. 12.Ever minute_______ spoken English. A.was made use of to practise C..was made use of to practise A.latter A.a little A.realized B.the latter B.a few B.known B.was made use of practising D. was made use to practise C.later C.fewer C.recognized D.the later D.less D.stared
13.They keep horses and cattle, the former for riding, _______ for food. 14.I used to earn ____ than a pound a week when I first started work 15.When the thief found the police had already ______him. He ran away quickly. 16. Most of us don’t know the differences the lives of Chinese and British high school
A. among B. in C. from D. between 17. The money collected should be made good use a lot in the earthquake and the tsunami (海啸
the people in South Asia who suffered
A. of helping B. C. to helping D. of to help 18.“Swan Lake” is a famous ballet (芭蕾舞) in four acts A. basing B. 19. It is requested that the reporter A. referring to 20. I was about to give up when I A. came about B. came out which bases D. to base D. referred to being C. put up with D. came up with
I. (你很了不起！能够选择做 A 级测评题，因为这是一部分拔高题。如果能够在 5 分钟完成
完成句子，根据汉语意思用上括号中所给的单词完成句子。 1.--Have you __________________(想出了一些好的主意)?(come) 2.The English spoken in the the United States is slightly _________________.( 以英国讲的英语
不一样 ) ( different ). 3.—Sorry, I made a mistake again. —_________（没关系）.Practice more and _____________________( 就会成功 )(mind; succeed) 4.The open-air celebration has been put off_____________( 由于坏天气 )(because of) 5.The____________________（他脸上的表情）told me that he was angry.(expression) 6.More than one person__________ (精通) English in the research unit. 7.Science is (起着越来越重要的作用 8.All the members (被要求参加聚会). 9.Most countries in the world (把台湾当作中国的一部分). 10.They began to think about (如何利用这次机会). 11.Would you ____________________________ (到我公寓来看看吗)？ II. 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳 选项。 Hello. This is as good a way as any to welcome you to this passage. The word “hello” is of the week. The first thing you hear when you French, “ho” and “la”—“Ho, there!” This year 1066. “Ho, there” slowly became 5 that sounded like “hallow”, often heard in the 1300’s. 6 used today by fox hunters. Two hundred years later, “hallow” had become “halloo”. And later, sounds like “halloa” and “hallo” were often used by sailors and huntsmen, “Halloo” is As time 7 was how people greeted each other in America. The American inventor, Thomas Edison, is believed to be the “hello” in the late 1800’s, soon after the invention of the telephone. At first, people had greeted each other on the telephone were not sure the new instrument could really Thomas Edison, however, was a man of was, and simply said, “Hello”. From that time on — only about 100 years ago, the “hullo” became “hello” as it is heard today. Of course, there are other 13 Americans greet one another. Not long ago, people often said, “How are you?” when they first met someone. This later became “hiyah”. Then,
used more often than any other one in the English language. 2 the word, again and again, every day
Everybody in the United States and elsewhere 3 4
the phone is “hello”. may have arrived in England during the
Where did the word come from? There are all sorts of beliefs. Some say it came from the
, “halloo” and “halloa” changed into “hullo”. And during the 1800’s this 8 person to use
“Are you there?” They
voices. words. He wasted no time. The first 12 someone
time he picked up the phone he did not ask if anyone was there. He was
someone thought that two syllables were too much and “hiyah” became “hi”. Laziness is a strong force in 14 language. Answering a telephone call in America still presents problems; however, telephone companies think that Thomas Edison’s short “hello” is too long. Why waste time? The phone companies say. Simply pick up the phone, 1. A. possibly 2. A. uses 3. A. take up 4. A. word 5. A. anything 6. A. also 7. A. passed 8. A. first 9. A. in 10. A. take 11. A. few 12. A. sure 13. A. means 14. A. changing 15. A. tell III.阅读理解 How to say hello in Japanese depends on when you say it. This is very much like different greetings used in English at different times of the day or night. In Japanese culture, it also depends on whether you are on the phone or meeting somebody or whether you are close to the person you are greeting. We don’t get formal with our close friends. We seldom greet them with “Good morning “ or “Good evening”. A “Hi” is enough. Although the most popular and most well-known translation for “Hello” is still “Konnichiwa”, it is not exactly how to say hello in Japanese. Perhaps it is not the most suitable word for it. Actually, the correct greeting in English for “Konnichiwa” is “Good day” or “Good noon,” and I am sure you wouldn’t like greeting people with a “Good day” at any time, and neither do Japanese like saying “Konnichiwa” when they want to say “Hello”. So what to do? Let’s do it the way the Japanese do. Use “Ohaiyo Gozaimasu” for “Good morning”, “Konnichiwa” when it’s noon and “Konbanwa” to greet somebody in the afternoon. Things differ when you are on the phone. Just say “Moshi, Moshi”, which is actually similar to saying “Hello” over the phone, because one hardly ever uses “Good morning” or “Good evening” right after picking up the phone. It is invariably the sweet old “Hello”. Next time, I’ll tell something about my life in a Japan. 1. What is the best title for this passage?
your name, and start talking. D. likely D. hears D. put up D. greeting D. nothing D. still D. past D. happy D. by D. fetch D. a little D. nervous D. ideas D. having D. give
B. maybe B. speaks B. pick up B. phrase B. everything B. too B. passed by B. last B. with B. bring B. a few B. anxious B. ways B. making B. say
C. probably C. writes C. hold up C. letter C. something C. as well C. went C. clever C. through C. carry C. little C. glad C. methods C. fixing C. speak
A. How to say hello in Japanese. C.How to greet people in Japanese. A.Moshi,Moshi B.Konnichiwa
B. How to greet close friends in Japanese. D.Some difference between English and Japanese. C.Ohaiyo Gozaimasu D.Konbanwa
2. Japanese people greet each other by saying“______”in the afternoon. 3. In the writer ’s opinion,______. A.Japanese culture is similar to American culture B.Japanese people don’t like using “Konnichiwa” as a greeting for the whole day. C. people don’t need to be police to their close friends D.Japanese people are very friendly to each other 4. What does the Underlined word “invariably” in the last paragraph mean? A.Probably A.is from Britain C.is working in a radio station now IV. 短文改错 B.Always C.Sometimes D.Likely 5. We can learn from the passage that the writer_______. B.lived in Japan for some time D.knows both Japanese and Chinese
第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处， 多者 （从 第 11 处起）不计分。 Yang Li, a five-year-old girl living next door to me, very clever. Because she is not old enough to go to the school, she often asks me to teach herself to read, write and draw. She studies hardly and soon she learns a lot. One evening last month I was doing my English homeworks when she came to my house. She asked me how I learned English. “You would find English a bridge for so much knowledge,” I said. She then wanted to learn English, either. She has learned many English words so far but her parents are very grateful to me.
（选做题）书面表达 假如你是一名正在澳大利亚学习的交换生。请根据下列提示写一篇 80 词 左右的发言稿，向班里的同学介绍自己的母语———汉语。 1. 汉语是世界上使用人口最多的语言，也是联合国的工作语言之一； 2. 汉语的书面语较统一，口语则以普通话为标准语言； 3. 随着中国的发展，世界上越来越多的人开始学习汉语。 注意：1. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 2. 开头已给出，但不计入总词数。 Boys and girls, Nice to meet you! Today I’m very pleased to introduce to you my mother language, Chinese.
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