Teaching plan of unit 4 Wildlife protection Teaching aims: 1. Topic Wildlife protection: the importance of wildlife protection, ways to protect wild plants and animals. 2. Useful words and expressions: wild wildlife protection enemy loss reserve area hunt zone peace fur stomach apply suggest thick rub mosquito insect contain powerful drug affect attention whale bite effect butterfly dust recently fierce unkind lazy as a result die out in peace in danger protect… from pay attention to come into being 3. Functional items: I. Intentions and purpose I’m going to do… I feel like doing. I would rather not… I intend/ mean/ plan to do… I’d like to do… I will do… I’m ready to do…. II. Apologies I’m so sorry that.. I’m afraid that …. Thank you very much but.. It’s a shame that … It was very nice of you but… 4. Structures The present continuous passive voice Animals are being hunted and killed. The environment is being destroyed. Teaching procedures Period 1. Speaking and listening Step 1. Leading in 1. Show Ss a video about some animals in danger. 2. Show Ss some picture of some rare animals in China. Step 2. Warming up 1. Ss read the passage quickly and find out: Why did so many wild animals die out? 2. Ss talk about the form on page 25 and then discuss the following questions in pairs.
1). What other endangered species do you know? 2). Why are they in danger of disappearing? 3). Do you know any wildlife that has disappeared? Step 3. Listening and talking (page 62) 1. Ss look through the questions on page 62, and then listen to the tape. 2. First listening: Ss listen and grasp the key words and get the main idea. 3. Second listening: Ss listen and answer the questions. 4. Third listening: Ss listen and write down the main idea of the passage. 5. Talking: Ss read the topics on page 62 and discuss in pairs. While they are talking, try to use the following sentences: I’m so sorry that… I’m afraid that… Thank you very much but… I hate to have to say this but… The problem is…. It was very nice of you but… It’s a shame that … Why didn’t you tell me that..? Step 4 .Homework 1. Collect as much information about endangered wildlife as possible. 2. Preview the next part—reading Period 2. Reading Step 1. Revision Ask: What do you think of wildlife protection today? What’s the passage about? Have you previewed it? Step 2. Pre-reading Ss in groups discuss the following questions: 1. Why should you worry about this? 2. What do you think we should do to protect wildlife? Step 3. Reading 1. Scanning: Ss read the passage quickly to get the main idea and complete the table on page 27. 2. Intensive reading: Ss read the passage again and answer the questions on page 27. Step 4. Explanation 1. as a result of 2. die out 3. rise (v) 4. affect 5. prevent …from
6. She turned round and there was an antelope with a sad face looking at her. 7. In three years they may all be gone! 8. But what an experience! Step 5 .Homework 1. Recite the key sentences in the text. 2. Write a summary of the text. Period 3. Extensive reading Step 1 . Revision Ss completer the summary of the text. One day, Daisy _____ a strange dream. She flew in a wonderful ______ to _____ with an _______ in Tibet. The antelope told her they were hunted because of their_____ which can be used to make ______ like hers. In three years they may all be ______ . Later, she _____ to Zimbabwe where she talked with an ______ and got to know the farmers there no longer ______ them. That’s because the _______ decided to help and the farmers finally made a lot of ______ . At last she _____ at the thick rain _____ where a monkey told her ― No rain forest, no ____ and no ____.‖ Although finally everything was _____, she had _____ so much! Answers: dreamed, chair, talk, antelope, fur, sweaters, gone, flew, elephant, hunted, government, money, arrived, forest, animals , drugs, gone, learned Step 2. Pre-reading 1. Ss talk about what they know about the animals. 2. Ss read the passage and get the main idea. Step 3. Reading (page 30) 1. Check Ss’ answer. The main idea is species and the reasons for dinosaurs’ dying out. 2. Ss read again and find out answers to the following questions: 1). When did the dinosaurs live? 2). What’s the rare new species dinosaur? 3). Why did the dinosaur die out? Step 4. Reading task (page 65) 1. Ss read the passage on page 65 and try to collect information for research into Milu deer. 2. Ss discuss the information collected with their partner and then check
them with the whole class. Step 5 .Homework Describe dinosaurs and Milu deer in your own words. Period 4. Learning about language Step 1. Revision Ss try to say something about dinosaurs and Milu deer in their own words. Step 2. Practicing the useful words and expressions 1. Ss finish Ex 1 and 2 on page 28. 2. Check the answers with the whole class and talk about the important phrases. 1). apply for sth. /apply to do sth 2). Bite-bit-bitten 3). Have an good/bad/no effect on …= affect 4). Pay attention to : ―to‖ is a prep. Here. Step 3. Structure learning: the present continuous passive voice 1. Ss read the following sentences and try to find the rules 1). Out fur is being used to make sweaters like yours. 2). The environment is being destroyed. 2. Ss finish Ex 2 on page 29. 3. Play a game. Step 4. Practicing (page 63) 1. Ss finish Ex 1 and 2. 2. Check the answers with the whole class. Step 5. Using structures 1. Ss do Ex 1 on page 64 and pay attention to the structures of the present continuous passive voice. 2. Tell Ss to remember the following expressions; …is under repair = …is being repaired …is under discussion=…is being discussed Step 6.Homework 1. Review what they have learnt about the present continuous passive voice. 2. Finish Wb Ex 2 on page 64. Period 5. Using language Step 1. Revision
Check Ss’ homework. Step 2. Listening (page 30) 1. Ss listen to the tape about a disappearing animal. Go through Ex 1 before listening. 2. Play the tape again and check the answers. Step 3.Speaking (page 31) 1. Ss talk in pairs about what they can do to help the lovely dodo. 2. Ss try to use the following expressions while they talk: Intention Purpose I’m going to … Help the dodo I intend/mean/plan to … Hide it in a cave I will.. Trap man as he kills a dodo. I feel like… Attacking man myself I’d like to … Put man in a cave I’m ready to … Teach man how to be friends I would rather not tell What I think of man you… Step 4. Writing Ss write the letter independently. Some writing tips: 1. Collect your idea for the letter. Write an outline of your ways to help it. 2. Decide the intention and the purpose of each of your ways. 3. Begin your letter with your address and the solution. Then write the ways as the body of the letter. 4. Finish the letter with your best wished and your signature. Homework Sum up what you have learnt in this unit. Period 6. Integrating skills Step 1. Revision Review what they have learnt in this unit. Step 2. Listening (page 66) Ss listen to three letters and see if they can help to answer them. While listening, fill in the boxed on page 66.
Step 3. Speaking Work in pairs and try to talk about what advice you might give to one of the three writers. Tips: 1. Look through the three problems and decide which one to answer. 2. Write notes of your idea. 3. Give reasons for your idea. 4. Talk about them with your partners and then share your opinions with the whole class. Step 4. Writing (page 67) Ss write down their ideas in the form of a letter. Make each idea into one paragraph. And then exchange the letters with their partners to check. Step 5. Project (page 67) 1. Ask the Ss to read the directions. 2. Direct the Ss to prepare a project. As a student, what will you do to improve the environment? Step 6 .Homework Finish the project on page 67. New words 1. decrease vt/vi 变小，减少 eg: a) The population of the village has decreased to/by 500 . (该村的人口减少到 500 人/ 减少了 500 人。) increase/ decrease/ reduce to /by to 表示增加到或减少到 ，by 表示增加了或减少了. 反意：increase 同意：reduce 2. die out 指（动物植物）的灭绝， （风俗，习惯等的）逐渐消失； （火，光等的） 逐渐熄灭。 eg: a) This kind of bird is dying out . (这种鸟快要灭绝了。) b) The fire is dying out .you had better add some firewood . (火快灭了，你最好添些柴火。) c) That custom died out years ago . (那种风俗习惯许多年前就消失了。) 拓展：die away 指声音，风，光逐渐消失。 die off 指一群生物相继死去。 die down 指物质特性或情感逐渐平息。
die out 家族，种族，灭绝，死绝或做法、观念完全消失，绝迹。 die of /from 因……而死 die for 为……而死 Practice : a) The poor man died of/from cold and hunger . b) Soon his excitement died down and he realized how difficult the journey would be. c) The members of the family died off for a strange reason . d) He died for his country. (他为国捐躯了。) 3.hunt vt/vi eg : He likes hunting very much . 常见短语： go hunting 去狩猎 hunt for 搜索 = look for = search for = be in search of hunt for a job 找工作 hunt for fame / money 追求名誉/金钱 4. in peace 和平地，安静地，和睦地 peace n .安静、平静、和平、太平 peaceful adj . peacefully adv . at peace 处于和平状态 eg : a) Do not disturb her .Just leave her in peace for a while . (别打扰她，让她平静一会儿。) b) The two nations used to be at war with each other , but now they are at peace . (这两国一度交战，但现在它们和平共处。) 5. in danger (of) (作定语或表语) 处于危险状况，在危险中，指句子主语或所修 饰的人或物受到威胁 eg . a) He was in danger of losing his life . (他有生命危险。) b) He realized that he was in danger . (他意识到自己处境危险。) ▲out of danger 脱离危险 eg: He has been very ill ,but he is now out of danger . 拓展 ：dangerous adj .危险的 （指给别人造成危害或危险） endanger vt 危害，使受到危险 endangered adj .濒危的
eg a).He is dangerous . / The bridge is dangerous . b).He is in danger . Practice endanger dangerous in danger out of danger eg : a) Do not touch the tiger ,it is dangerous . b) . Smoking endangers your health . (吸烟危害你的健康。) c) . When she came to hospital, she was in danger ,but now she is out of danger . 6. in relief 如释重负，松了口气 relief n. (焦虑，恐惧，痛苦的)减轻，缓解，宽慰，减轻痛苦的事物。 eg : a) The doctor’s treatment gave some relief . (医生的治疗稍使病情减轻。) b) To my great relief ,the difficulties were all overcome . (使我大为欣慰，困难全都克服了。) 7. burst into + n burst out + doing eg : At the news she burst into tears . At the news she burst out crying . (听到这个消息她突然哭了起来。) 8. protect …from protect vt 保护、保卫、防御 eg : The soldiers are fighting to protect their country . （士兵们为保卫祖国而英勇作战。 ） protect…from / against 挡住、保护…使不受 eg : An umbrella will protect you from the rain. (雨伞可以保护你不至于淋雨。) 容易混淆的词：prevent 防止、阻止 prevent…(from)doing sth = stop…(from)doing sth = keep…from doing sth 阻止…… 做某事 eg: The heavy rain kept su from arriving on time. The heavy rain stopped us (from) arriving on time. The heavy rain prevented (from) arriving on time. ( 大雨使我们不能按时到达。) eg: For some reason the bridge was prevented from being built.
(由于某种原因，这座桥被停建了。) 9. contain 包含、含有、容纳、容忍 eg: a) Sea water contains salt . b) The hall can contain 500 people. c) She could hardly contain herself for joy.(控制，遏制) (她高兴得不能自控。) 词汇辨析：contain/ include contain 指作为组成部分而被―包含或容纳‖在内，即某物容纳在比其更大的 东西之内。表示包含的内容或成份。 include 指作为整体中的一部分而被包括进去，表示整体包含部分。 eg: The price includes the tax. (这个价格包括税金在内。) 其句型常为： ―句子+ including + 被包括部分‖ ―句子+ 被包括部分 + included ‖ eg: a) The whole class went to plant trees, including the teacher. b) The whole class went to plant trees, the teacher included. (全班，包括老师在内，都去植树了。) 10. affect v. 影响，感动，(疾病)侵袭 eg: a) The change in climate may affect your health . (气候的变化可能影响你的健康。) b) Cancer has affected his lungs. (癌症已侵袭他的肺部) d) The story affected us deeply. (这个故事深深地打动了我们) ▲ effect n. 影响、效果、作用 have an effect on = affect Government policy will not affect us. = Government policy will not have an effect on us. (政府的政策不会对我们有任何影响。) 11. pay attention to to 是介词。 类似：lead to ,be devoted to ,adapt to ,look forward to eg: a) Please pay attention to your behavior in public. 12. appreciate vt 感激，意识到，鉴赏 ，欣赏 Appreciate + n /doing /that –clause eg: a) I appreciated your help .
(我感谢你的帮忙。)=I thank you for helping me . b) I do not think you appreciate the danger of this job. （我认为你没有意识到这工作的危险性。 ） c) I really appreciate having time to relax. (我实在喜欢有时间放松一下。) ▲注意： a) appreciate it +从句 感谢……类似：like / hate + it +从句 eg: I shall appreciate it if you will do me that favour . (若是你肯帮我忙，我会非常感激。) 13. succeed vi/vt 成功 继承 接替 success n . successful adj. successfully adv. eg :a) The experiment has succeeded . （实验成功了。 ） b) Storm was succeeded by calm. (暴风雨之后是一切宁静) 搭配：succeed in sth /doing sth 在…中获得成功 succeed to sth 继承某物 eg: a) He did not succeed in his first lecture . （他第一次讲课没有成功。 ） b) He succeeded in( passing) the entrance exam. (他成功地通过了升学考试。) c) He succeeded to the property. (他继承了财产。) success n. 成功 （不可数，成功；可数指成功的人或事） eg: a) Failure is Mother of success . （失败是成功之母。 ） b) He is a success. （他是一个成功人士。 ） 14.employ 雇用 同 hire 反 fire eg : He was employed by the company . 常用搭配：employ oneself in 从事… 忙于… be employed in 从事… 忙于… eg :a) He employed himself in writing . (他忙于写作。) b) How do you employ your spare time? (你怎么利用你的业余时间？) c) He is employed in a bank. (他在一家银行任职) 派生：employee n.受雇者，雇员，雇工 employer n.老板，雇主
- 10 -
employment n.雇用，工作 eg: He has been out of employment for a long time . (他已经好长时间没有工作了) 15.come into being 形成，产生，开始存在 无被动，无进行 eg: a) No one know how such a custom came into being . （没有人知道这种风俗是如何形成的.） b) We don’t know when the world came into being. (我们不知道世界是何时开始存在的。) 类似：come into effect 开始生效 come into fashion 开始流行 come into power 开始执政 come into sight 进入视野 16.according to +n ① 根据，据说 ② 依照 eg: a) According to the radio ,it will rain tomorrow . (据电台广播，明天有雨。) b) According to my watch, it is 4 o’clock. (我表上是四点。) c) I’ll do it according to your instructions. (我会照你的指示做。) 17. harm n /vt 损害，危害 do harm to 对……有害 harmful be harmful to 对……有害 eg: a) Everybody knows smoking harms our health.(v) b) What he said harmed our feeling very much c) What he said did a lot of harm to our feeling . Reading 1. Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. 黛西一直都渴望帮助那些濒临灭绝的野生动植物。 ① long 渴望，热望 long for = look forward + n /doing 渴望…… long to do sth 渴望做某事 eg : a) We are all longing for peace . 我们都渴望和平。 b) He longs to see her again. 他渴望再见到她。 c) We longed for the summer to be over soon. 我们盼望夏天赶快结束。
- 11 -
② endangered 过去分词做形容词 2. One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. 一天她醒来，发现床边有一块飞毯。 ① wake up 醒来 wake sb up 叫醒，弄醒某人 eg: a) I wake up at 5 every morning. (我每天 5 点醒来。) b) She’s asleep but I’ll wake her up in a minute. (她睡着了，不过我马上会叫醒她。) 3. Daisy responded immediately. ①respond vt/vi 回答，作答，做出反应 （reply） respond to a question 答复问题 eg :He responded to my suggestion with a laugh. (他对我的建议报以大笑。) ②response n 反应，回答 （make no response to 对…没有反应） eg : He made no response to my question . (他没有回答我的问题。) 4. ―I’d like to see some endangered wildlife,‖ she said, ‖Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.‖ (我想去看看一些濒危动植物。请带我到一个遥远的地方，在哪儿我能够找 到为做这件毛衣而提供毛绒的那种动物。) a) 句子结构 第二句直接引语中：where 引导的定语从句修饰 land ，在该定 语从句中含有一个有 that 引导的定语从句，修饰 the animals . 5. Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by an elephant. ① was being watched by 现在进行时被动语态 ② turn around /round 转身，转回身 eg : The little girl turned around and ran to her mother . (小女孩转身跑向她的母亲。) He turned round to find a policeman seeing him. (他转过身，发现警察正在看他。) 相关短语： turn on 开 turn off 关 turn down 拒绝 ； 把音量等开低 turn to 向…求助； 转向， turn out 生产， 结果表明… 证明 turn in 上交 turn up 出席，露面， turn into 把…变成 （07 高考）She's having a lot of trouble with the new computer, but she
- 12 -
doesn't know whom to A . A. turn to B. look for C. deal with D. talk about 6. We used to be an endangered species . Farmers hunted us without mercy. (我们以前常常是濒危动物。农民曾毫不留情地捕猎我们。) ① mercy 仁慈，宽恕，怜悯 常见搭配： at the mercy of 在…支配下，任凭…的摆布 have / show mercy on sb 怜悯/ 宽恕某人 without mercy 残忍地 eg : a) Our ship was at the mercy of the wave . (我们的船任由海浪摆布。) b) The judge had mercy on the young criminal. (法官饶恕了这个年轻的罪犯。) c) They were treated without mercy. (他们受到残酷的待遇。) 7. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers . (如果旅游者付钱给农民的话，他们允许旅游者们捕猎一定数量 的动物。) ①certain adj 某种，一定的，确定的 be certain that –clause be certain of sth be certain to do sth . make certain (of) 弄明白，确定 eg: a) Certain plants are good to eat but others are not . (某些植物好吃，而另一些则不好吃。) b) It is certain that the moon goes round the earth. ( 毫无疑问，月亮绕着地球旋转。) c) He is certain to come. ( 他肯定会来。) d) Make certain of the rumor. (弄清楚这个谣言是怎么回事。) ▲注意：a certain ,a 与 some 某一 a certain 表示已知但未加说明的人或物，可修饰单数复数名词或人名 some 表示不确切的或说话人不愿意具体说明的人或事物， 后一般不接人 名 a 后常跟人名，―一个叫…的人‖ eg : a) He didn’t attend the party for a certain reason .
- 13 -
(由于某种原因他未参加晚会。) b)A certain Mr Brown telephoned while you were out. (你不在家时有位布朗先生来过电话。) c) Some man at the door is asking to see you. (门口有位男子要见你。) d) A Mr Smith is waiting for you at the door. (一位名叫史密斯的先生在门口等你。) 8. It shows the importance of wildlife protection,but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.(这表明了野生动物保护的重要性，不过我想按照世界野生动 物基金会的建议来帮助你们。) ①as conj （在句中引导方式状语）按照，正如…那样，像…一样 eg : a) When in Rome, do as Romans do. (入乡随俗) b) You must do everything as I do. (你必须照着我做的来做每一件事。) ②suggest ▲ ⑴ 建议(to mention an idea)后接名词， 动名词短语或 that 从句(用虚拟语气 insist ,order ,command ,require ,request etc.)。 eg: She suggested going to the zoo with the child . (她建议带着孩子去动物园。) eg: (他建议我们把工作放到明天做。) He suggested (that) we (should) leave the work till the next day. (从句 要用虚拟语气。) He suggested our leaving the work till the next day. He suggested to us to leave the work till the next day.(后接 to sb 时， 后面可接不定式。) ▲⑵ 暗示，表明 (bring sth to mind ) (从句用陈述语气) eg: His work suggests that he is a careful man . (他的工作说明他是一个细心的人。) The look on his face suggested that he was unhappy. (他脸上的表情说明了他不高兴。) 9. A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. (一只猴子一边擦身体，一边望着他们。) ①as 在……的时候，当……，引导时间状语从句 eg: ―I’ll call you up any time.‖ He said as he left home. (离家时他说，我随时打电话给你。)
- 14 -
10. What an experience ! 这是一次多么奇妙的经历啊。 感叹句的构成： ⑴ What + a/an +adj +单数可数 n + 主语 + 谓语 eg: What an important meeting it is ! (多么重要的一次会议啊！) ⑵ What + adj +复数名词 + 主语 + 谓语 eg: What beautiful flowers these are ! (这些花多漂亮啊！) ⑶ What + adj +不可数名词 + 主语 + 谓语 eg: What great progress he has made ! (他取得了多么打的进步啊！) ⑷ How +adj /adv + 主语 + 谓语 eg: How high the mountain is ! (这山多高啊！) ⑸ How + adj +a /an + 名词 + 主语 + 谓语 eg: How clever a boy he is ! (多么聪明的孩子啊！) What a clever boy he is! (多么聪明的孩子啊！) Using language ： 1. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time. 千百万年前，恐龙就在地球上生活，比人类的出现要早得多，当时他们的前 景好像也很安全。 ① long before 在……之前很久 before long 不久以后 eg: I knew Smith long before I knew you . (我在认识你之前很早久认识史密斯了) eg: It looks as though it will snow before long . (看上去好像过一会儿要下雪。) 2. When scientists inspected the bones, they were surprised to find that these dinosaurs could not only run like the others but also climb trees . 当科学家们检查这些恐龙骨时，他们惊奇地发现他们不仅能像其他恐龙那 样奔跑，还能爬树。 ⑴ they were surprised to find 是主语 +be +adj +to do 结构，这一结构中 的形容词往往是表示心理活动的，接不定式时，不定式的逻辑主语是句子的 主语，主动要用 to do ,被动用 to be done eg: I’m so glad to meet you here .
- 15 -
(很高兴在此遇见你。) ⑵ 主语 + be + adj + to have done 强调动作完成或早在过去发生。 eg: John was surprised to have received such an invitation . (收到这样一份请柬，约翰感到吃惊。) ⑶ 主语 + be + adj 后面可接从句 eg: The teacher was angry that all the students had made the same mistake . (老师很生气所有的学生犯了相同的错误。) 3. Some scientists think it came after an unexpected incident when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much dust into the air. (有些科学家认为恐龙灭绝是发生在一件意外事故之后， 当时宇宙间一块巨石 击中地球因而在空气中扬起太多的尘土。) hit (hit , hit) ⑴碰，撞，打，击中(脑袋撞在某物上，一般说 hit one’s head on /against sth .) eg: She hit her head against the wall as she fell . (她倒下时，头撞在了墙上。) The bullet hit him in the chest. (子弹击中了他的胸膛。) ⑵hit 可引申为使遭受（自然灾害，损失，痛苦等。 ） eg: A powerful earthquake hit the city . (这座城市遭受了一次强烈地震) ⑶hit 还引申为猜中，达到，碰到。 eg: You have hit it . (你猜中了。) The new train can hit 120 mph. (这种新型火车时速可达 120 英里。) The idea hit me when I woke up this morning. (今天早上我醒来，突然产生了这个想法。) 注意：beat 也有打，击之意，但多指反复的击打，并可表示心脏的，脉搏 的跳动，打败对方等意思，而 hit 则无此意。 eg: The rain was beating on the windows . (雨点敲打着窗子。) His heart was beating fast at the news. (听到这消息，他的心跳得很快。) Grammar： 现在进行时的被动语态
- 16 -
一? 基本结构 1. 肯定形式:―助动词 be(am/is/are) + being + 过去分词‖,其中的 is, am, are 表明谓语动词的动作发生的时间为现在,并随着作主语的名词(代词)的人称和数 的不同而使用其中的某一个形式; being done 则表示正在进行的被动动作?例 如: The bridge over the river is being rebuilt. (这条河上的桥正在重建? ) 2. 否定形式:把否定词 not 放在助动词 be(am/is/are)之后, 即:―be(am/is/are) + not + being + 过去分词‖?如有多个助动词,则 not 放在 第一个助动词之后?例如: The room is not being cleaned now. (现在没人打扫房间? ) 3. 一般疑问句形式:把助动词 be(am/is/are)移到句首并大写首字母 ,句末加 问号,即:―Be(Am/Is/Are) + 主语 + being + 过去分词?‖?例如: Is your house being painted? (你的房子正在粉刷吗？) 4. 特殊疑问句形式:多数情况下,其构成方法是把疑问代词或疑问副词直接加 在一般疑问句之前,具体情况可分为以下三种: ①―疑问代词(作主语) + is being + 过去分词 + 其他?‖?例如: What is being done on the life of pandas? (正在采取什么措施保护大熊猫的生命? ) ②―疑问代词(作定语) + 名词 +is/are being + 过去分词 + 其他?‖?例如: Whose buildings are being built in the town? (城里正在建谁的楼房? ) ③―疑问副词 + is/are + 主语+ being + 过去分词 + 其他?‖?例如: Where is the elk being studied by scientists? (科学家们正在哪里研究麋鹿呢? ) 二? 常见的四种基本用法 1. 表示现在时刻正在进行的被动动作 ,即谓语动词表示的动作此刻正在进 行?这是被动语态的基本形式?例如: The plan is being discussed at the meeting. (这个计划正在会上讨论? ) 2. 表示现阶段正在进行的被动动作（但该动词在说话的瞬间未必正在进 行）,即谓语动词表示的动作在目前阶段正在进行?例如: A new school is being built in the town. ( 在这个镇上一所新学校正在建设。)
- 17 -
3. 表示一种经常性的被动行为,常和 always, constantly 等表示频度的副 词连用?这种用法常常带有赞扬或厌恶的感情色彩?例如: He is always being praised by the leader. (他总是受到领导的表扬? ) I feel very puzzled that the goods in our shop are always being stolen. (我感到很迷惑,我们商店的商品老是被偷? ) 4. 与部分情态动词连用 , 表示对谓语动词正在进行的动作的一种推测 ?例
The patient must be being examined. 三? 被动语态使用中的常见错误 1. 在现在进行时的被动语态中, am, is, are 为第一助动词, being 为第二助 动词,缺一不可,且不可互换位置?例如: The report is being written by one of the best students. (报告正由一名最好的学生写着呢。) The report is well written.(系表结构) ( 这个报告写得好。) 注:在文章标题?广告?新闻中使用此类结构时,常省略助动词 be, 因此出现 了 being 紧跟主语的情况?例如: English teachers being wanted. 英语教师正在热聘中 ? ( 广告用语 , being 前省略了助动词 are) Snow being cleaned away. 积雪正在被清扫?(新闻报道, being 前省略了助 动词 is) 2. take care of, look after, talk about, think of 等短语动词用在现在 进行时的被动语态中时,其中的介词不可省略?例如: (还在考虑什么别的事情? ) 【误】 What else is being thought? 【正】 What else is being thought of? 3. 一些表示某种情况 ? 状况或特点的动词如 happen, appear, rise, become, wear, wash 等,没有现在进行时的被动语态?例如: (这本书卖得很好? ) 【误】 The book is being sold well. 【正】 The book sells well. 4. 现在进行时的被动语态不与表示时间或次数的状语连用?例如: (这块表修了两次了? ) 【误】 The watch is being repaired twice. 【正】 The watch has been repaired twice.
- 18 -
5.现在进行时的被动语态也可以表示将来（此种用法仅限于少数及物动 词） A party is being held tonight. (今晚将要举行一场晚会。) 四? 高考链接 1. (MET 1991) —Have you moved into the new house? —Not yet, the rooms ______. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting [答案与简析] 答案为 A? 本题题干的答语意为―没有,房间正在油漆‖,其 标准对照时间点为现在 ,―房间正在油漆‖实际指―房间被油漆‖,因此空白处应填现 在进行时的被动语态形式 are being painted? 2. (2001 京?蒙?皖春招) A new cinema______here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built [答案与简析] 答案为 D? 根据本题题干中的第二个句子―They hope to finish it next month‖的意思,说明本题题干第一个句子的意思应为―新电影院还 在建设之中‖?当然电影院是被建设?所以空白处应填现在进行时的被动语态形式 is being built? 3. (2002 上海春招) Rainforests______and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut [答案与简析] 答案为 C? 本题题干的意思应为―雨林正在以那么快的速 度 被 砍 伐 或 烧 掉 以 至于 在 不 久 的 将 来 它 们将 会 消 失 ‖ ? 我 们 根 据 ―they will disappear from the earth in the near future‖提供的语境可以判断,空白处应 填 are being cut, 即表示―正在被砍伐‖之意? 4. (2005 山东) With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth______each year. A. is washing away B. is being washed away C. are washing away D. are being washed away [答案与简析] 答案为 D? 本题题干的意思应为―随着更多的森林被破坏, 每年大量的良田在被冲走‖?又因主语 quanties 是复数形式,所以谓语动词应用现 在进行时的被动语态形式 are being washed away?
- 19 -