2013 届高三北师大版英语一轮复习学案： M3 unit 8 Adventure（1）
1. differ vi. 不同,不一致 ①与 from 连用,表示“前者不同于后者”。 Modern cars differ from the early ones. 现代汽车不同于早期汽车。 ②与 with 连用,表示“与……持不同意见”。 We differ with him on / over / about that question. 我们在那个问题上跟他意见不合。 ③与 in 连用,表示“两个以上的人或事在某个方 面(如大小、颜色、价格、兴趣等)有区别”。 She and her sister differ in eye color. 她跟她姐姐的眼睛颜色不同。 different adj. be different from 与……不同 difference n. 用 differ 的适当形式填空 李明在业余爱好方面不同于他的哥哥。 Li Ming ___ ________ ______ his brother in their interests. Li Ming and his brother ______ __ their interests. Li Ming _______ ______ his brother ___ their interests. There is _______ ___________ __________ Li Ming and his brother in their interests. is different from differ in differs from much difference between in 2. fit ①adj. 健康的,强健的；可用于 be fit (for sth.) / (to do sth.)结构 keep fit 保持健康 He won’t be very fit to play in the match on Saturday. 他身体不适,不能在星期六出场比赛。 He’s been ill and isn’t fit enough for work yet. 他一直有病,还不能上班。 ②adj. 适合的,恰当的；多作表语,可跟 for 引导 的短语 She is fit for the job.
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她能胜任那项工作。 ③vt. (形状和尺寸)适合,合身 This dress doesn’t fit me. 这件衣服我穿不合身。 这件衣服你穿大小合适,但我穿不合身。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 我们每天做运动以保持健康。 ____________________________________ This dress fits you very well but it is not fit for me. We do sports every day to keep fit. 3. adventure 与 risk ①adventure n. 强调“历险”,指冒险经历,奇遇 We had quite an adventure when we were on holiday in Europe. We got lost in the Alps. 我们在欧洲度假时遭遇了一次历险。我们在 阿尔卑斯山上迷路了。 Tom had a lot of adventures in the desert. 汤姆在沙漠中有许多冒险经历。 ②risk n. 危险,风险,会带来风险的人或事物； vt. 使……冒风险,冒……的风险 If you go out in this weather, there is a risk of catching cold. 在这种天气外出你有可能会感冒。 He risked his life to save her. 他冒着生命危险去救她。 We’ve been advised not to risk travelling in these conditions. 我们受到忠告,在这些情况下不要冒险出行。 用 risk， adventure 的适当形式填空 If you skate on thin ice there is a ______ of your falling through. When you’re a child, life is one big __________. You’re crazy to _______ your money on an investment like that! risk adventure risk 4. prepare for 为……作准备 The students are busy preparing for the final exams. 学生们正忙于为期末考试作准备。 preparation n.
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in preparation for 为……准备 make preparations for 为……作准备 I’d better go upstairs and prepare her room. 我最好上楼去把她的房间整理好。 如果表示准备三餐，一般不加介词 for,直接用 prepare breakfast / lunch / supper。 My mother is always busy preparing the dinner. 妈妈总是忙于准备晚餐。 There was no news and we were prepared for the worst. 由于没有任何消息,我们做好了最坏的打算。 他正在准备明天集会的演说。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 你得准备好承担做这种工作的风险。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ He is preparing his speech for the meeting tomorrow. You have to be prepared to take risks in this kind of job. 5. prove vt. 证明,证实 He decided to do something to prove his courage before everybody. 他决定做些事情在众人面前证明自己的勇气。 It is now proved that he is innocent. 现在证明他是清白的。 prove 也可以用作连系动词，意为“证明是……”。 My opinion proved (to be) wrong. 结果证明我的意见是错的。 这项任务原来比我们预想的难得多。 _____________________________________ _____________________________________ 无法证明上帝存在。 _____________________________________ The task proved(to be) more difficult than we’d thought. It is impossible to prove that God exists. 6. aim ①n. [C] 目标,目的;[U] 瞄准,射击目标 His aim was to swim across the strait. 他的目标是游过海峡。 The hunter took aim at the tiger. 猎人瞄准了老虎。 ②vi. 目的是,打算；vt. & vi. 瞄准 be aimed at 目标是,目的是；针对 We aim at exploring/to explore new models
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of machines. 我们打算开发新式的机器。 He aimed (the gun) at the officer. 他瞄准了军官。 7. in turn(=by turns) 依次,轮流 I told the secret to my younger sister who, in turn, told it to mum later. 我把秘密告诉了妹妹,她随后又告诉了妈妈。 All of us will speak at the meeting in turn/by turns. 我们所有的人都将在会上轮流发言。 You can’t both use the bike at once — you’ll have to take turns. 你们不能两人同时用这辆自行车——得轮流使用。 I washed the dishes yesterday — it’s your turn today. 昨天是我洗的碟子——今天该轮到你了。 1. 学生们逐一报出自己的名字。 The students called out their names _____________________. 2. 萨姆先骑自行车,然后轮到我骑。 Sam had a ride on the bike and then _____________________. in turn / by turns it was my turn 8. run out of 用完,耗尽 (=use up) We have run out of petrol. 我们的汽油已用完了。 Oh, my ink is running out. 哦！我的墨水快用完了。 I ran across some old letters when I was looking for something else. 当我在找别的东西时,我无意中发现了几封旧信。 He ran at me and grasped my hair and my shoulder. 他朝我直扑过来,揪住我的头发,抓住我的肩膀。 He has run away with (stealing) my most valuable books. 他偷了我一些非常珍贵的书跑掉了。 1. 逃学的儿童很少。 Few boys ______________________ school. 2. 如果所有的能源都用完了，我们能用什么作燃料？ What can we use as fuel if we _________________ all the energy？ 3. 让我们把今天的课再复习一遍。 Let’s ___________ today’s lessons.
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run away from running out of run over
M3 unit 8 Adventure（2）
9. 有关 break 的短语 The machine broke down. 机器坏了。 Listen attentively; don’t break in so often. 注意听,别老是插嘴。 We had to break into the house as we had lost the key. 我们把钥匙丢了,只好破门而入。 A fire broke out near here yesterday. 昨天此地附近发生了一场火灾。 Scientists say they are beginning to break through in the fight against cancer. 科学家们说,他们在防治癌症方面开始有所突破。 【温馨提示】 英语中表示“爆发,发生,进行”等意义的词或 词组均属于不及物,因此均不能用于被动语态。 常用的有：burst (感情等)突然发作；burst forth 向前迸发；burst out 突然发作(后常接 doing)； burst into 突然发作(后常接名词)；break out 爆发； happen 发生；take place 发生；go on 发生,进行； get on 进行。 1. 这时我乘坐的汽车坏了。 Then the car I was in _____________. 2. 你必须改掉这样的坏习惯。 You must ________________ such bad habits. broke down break away from 10. go through ①通过,穿过 It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. 我们花了整整一星期才穿过一大片森林。 ②仔细查阅,详细讨论 The police went through the pockets of the thief. 警察仔细搜查了小偷的口袋。 ③经历,遭受 She went through a lot of suffering when she was ill.
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她生病时受了不少罪。 ④完成,用光 He went through his salary in three days. 他 3 天内把工资花光了。 用 through 的相关短语的适当形式填空 1. I tried ringing you several times yesterday but I couldn't __________________. 2. I ____________ the newspaper but didn't find any ads for that product. 3. You'd better __________________ the letters you received yesterday. 4. The old man __________________ the sufferings during the war. 【答案】 1. get through 2. looked / went through 3. go through 4. went through 1. But it’s worth waiting for. 但是这值得等待。 be worth doing 值得做 The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。 be worth 后面要用动名词的主动形式表达被动 意义。 注意以下句型： be worth doing=be worthy to be done =be worthy of being done This problem is not worth worrying about. =This problem is not worthy to be worried about. =This problem is not worthy of being worried about. 这个问题不值得担心。 这部电影很值得再看一次。 _____________________________________ 这个问题不值得讨论。 _____________________________________ This film is well worth seeing a second time. The problem is not worth discussing. 3. …I do not think I can write more. ……我认为我再也不能写了。 I don’t think (that…) 我认为不…… 当主语是第一人称,谓语动词 think / expect / suppose / believe / be sure / fancy / guess / imagine 等后接的宾语从句出现否定时,只能将 否定前移到主句,即 I don’t think / expect/ suppose / believe (that)…
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I don’t think he will be that foolish, will he? 我想他是不会那么愚蠢的,会吗? 我想他今晚不会来了,会吗? _______________________________________ 我想她不会拒绝你的邀请的。 _______________________________________ I don’t think he will come tonight, will he? I don’t suppose she will refuse your invitation. 利用复合句提高句子档次 有的学生在作文中使用过多简单句， 成了简单句堆砌； 有的写复杂句时， 动辄用 so, and，then，but，or，however，yet 等非但达不到丰富表达方式的目的， 反而使句子结构松散、呆板。为了避免这种现象，可以通过使用一些表示从属关 系的连接词，如 who, which, that, because, since, although, after, as, before, when, whenever, if, unless, as if 等利用复合句来丰富句型，同时还能够把思想表达得更 清楚，意义更连贯。在应试写作时，应尽可能地运用复合句以使文章更有逻辑性， 同时也提高了文章的档次。如： 【例 1】 Natural resources are very limited.They will be exhausted in the near future.It is not true.But it becomes a major concern around the world.This is a widely accepted fact. 这段文字用简单句表达，它们之间内在的逻辑关系含糊不清，意思支离 破碎。如果使用连接词， 将简单句与其前后合并，形成主次关系，就把一个比较复杂的内容和关系表达得 层次清楚、结构严谨。 It is a widely accepted fact that there is a major concern around the world for the exhaustion of limited natural resources in the near future, though it is unlikely to be true. 【例 2】 The Mississippi River is one of the longest rivers in the world，and in springtime it often overflows its banks，and the lives of many people are endangered. 此句用 and 把三个分句一贯到底， 单调乏味。 如果使用了关系代词 which， 语义就会更连贯，语言也会更流畅。 The Mississippi River, which is one of the longest rivers in the world, often overflows its banks in springtime, endangering the lives of many people. 此外，要写好复合句，一定要注意所写复合句符合英语句子结构的特点 及复合句中句子成分的完整。 如“听到喊声，他跑出了屋子。”，如果一一对译，则容易误译为： When heard the cry, he ran out of the house. 从句与简单句一样，须讲究句子结构的完整性，只不过从句前有一个引导从句的 连词而已。在 when heard…中，很明显，缺少主语，需在 when 后加上 he。 一、用适当的连词填空 1. I am very interested in ________ he has improved his pronunciation in such a short time. 2. The fact ________ she had not said anything at the meeting surprised everybody.
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3. You'll miss the train ________ you hurry up. how that unless 4. Because of my poor memory, all ________ you told me has been forgotten. 5. ________ you have done might do harm to other people. that What 二、把下列每组句子转换成复合句 1. This is our only request. This problem should be settled as soon as possible. ______________________________________________________________________ 2. I have spare time. I will go to see you. ___________________________________________ This is our only request that this problem should be settled as soon as possible. If I have spare time, I will go to see you. 3. You study hard. You will pass the exam. (only if) ___________________________________________ 4. All his friends came to the party. This made Tom pleased. ______________________________________________________________________ Only if you study hard will you pass the exam. All his friends came to the party, which made Tom pleased. 三、按括号中的提示翻译下列句子 1. 只要我们不失去信心，我们会找到克服困难的方法。(状语从句) ______________________________________________________________________ 2. 成功属于那些努力工作的人。(定语从句) ______________________________________________________________________ As long as we don't lose heart, we'll find a way to overcome the difficulty. Success belongs to those who apply themselves to work. 3. 据报道这个国家三分之一的城市缺水。(主语从句) ______________________________________________________________________ 4. 所有的这些都表明，我们的国家越来越富强。(宾语从句) ______________________________________________________________________ It is reported that onethird of the cities in the country are short of water supply. All these show that our country is becoming stronger and stronger.
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