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The understanding of the text
1. Read the text quickly and match the short summaries with each paragraph according to the text. Para. 1 A. the result of Copernicus’ study Para. 2 B. the cause of Copernicus’ study Para. 3 C. the procedure of Copernicus’ study Para. 4 D. the background of Copernicus’ study Para. 5 E. Copernicus’ theory replaced the Christian idea and proved correct

课文理解 1. Go through the text again and tell the statements are true (T) or false (F). Correct them if they are false. ( ) 1) Nicolaus Copernicus was excited and happy when he found his theory. ( ) 2) Christian Church believed the earth must be the centre of the solar system. ( ) 3) Nicolaus Copernicus worked hard on his theory. ( ) 4) In 1510 Nicolaus Copernicus showed his theory privately to his friends. ( ) 5) Copernicus published his ideas two years before he died in 1543. 2. Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions. 1) What about the two theories of the _________________________________________ 新知预习:1. Para. 1 ---D Para. 2 ---B Para. 3---C Para. 4---A Para. 5---E 【探究 1】1. 1) F 2) T 3) T 4) F 5) F


现在分词小测试: 1. I heard the couple next door _______________________ (吵了整整一个晚上). (quarrel) 2. His new book _______________________ (包含折有用信息) has been well received. (contain) 3. ______________________ (失败了好几次), the young scientist still kept on making his experiments in chemistry.(fail) 4. With the price of oil _________________(上升), the economy of that country is slowing down. (go) 5. _____________________________(不知道怎么做), he turned to his instructor for advice. (knowing) 6. __________________________ (生活在北京) for quite a few years. Mr. Green has little difficulty understanding Chinese now. (live)

现在分词复习: 一般式 完成式 主动形式 doing ___________ 被动形式 _______________ _______________ 否定形式?

一、过去分词作定语 1、单个的过去分词作定语时一般兼有被动和完成的意义,常作前置定语。 eg:a lost animal 一只迷路的动物 a used stamp 一枚用过的邮 票 an injured finger 一个受伤的手指 a broken coin 一枚破损的 硬币 a lighted candle 一支点燃的蜡烛 注意:过去分词作定语时,有时只有被动意义。 e.g.:spoken English 英语口语 written exercises 书面练习 少数表示位移或状态改变的不及物动词的过去分词只有完成的意义 fallen leaves the risen sun the advanced countries drunken man a retired teacher an escaped prisoner 2、过去分词作后置定语,表示被动和/或完成意义。 e.g.:How I regretted the hours wasted in the woods! 我多懊悔在树林浪费的时光啊 I like wearing clothes made of this kind of cloth. 我喜欢穿这种布料做的衣服。 e.g.:The books written by Lu Xun are popular. 鲁迅写的书很受欢迎 We’11 go to visit the bridge built hundreds of years ago. 我们要去看那座建于几百年前 二、过去分词作表语 过去分词作表语, 表示主语的特点或所处的状态, 其前的系动词有包括 be 在内的多种形式。 e.g.:Everyone present is very inspired at his speech.听了他的发言,在场的所有人都很振 奋。 You seem frightened. 你似乎受了惊吓。 Practice: Complete the sentences using the past participle as the predicative. 1. 你为什么总是看上很疲劳?这些日子睡得好吗? Why do you always _look tired______________ ? Do you sleep well these days? 2.我对昨晚看的电影很失望。我原以为它能好些。 I ___feel disappointed about__________________ the film I saw last night, I had expected it to be better. 3.听说那位明星死了,人人都很惊讶。 Everybody __was surprised__________to hear the death of the famous film star. 4.要去动物园了,孩子们非常兴奋。

The children __were excited to ____________________ goi to the zoo. 5.他的伤口感染了一种新病毒. His wound __was infected with_________________ a new virus. 1.Because of my poor English I’m afraid I can’t make myself ____. A. understand B. to understand C. understanding D. understood 2. The speaker, _______for her splendid speeches, was warmly received by the audience. A. having known B. being known C. knowing D. known 3. Mr. Smith , ____ of the speech, started to read a ______novel. A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring 4.The Olympic Games,____ in 776B.C, did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing 5. He was disappointed to find his suggestions ____. A . been turned down B. turned down C. to be turned down D. to turn down 6. Prices of daily goods ____ through a computer can be lower than store prices. A. are bought B. bought C. been bought D. buying 7. With a lot of different problems ____, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled 8. Don’t use words, expressions or phrase ____ only to people with specific knowledge. A. being known B. having been known C. to be known D. known 9. When I got back, I saw a message to the door “Sorry to miss you; I will call later.” A. pin, read B. pinning, reading C. pinned, reading D. pinned, read 10、A boy Jack won the game. A boy himself Jack won the game. A. calling B. called 11、Most of the artists to the party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 12、 first text books The for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A.having written be written C. being written D.written 13、 Who is the man to your father just now? Who is the man to just now? A.speaking B. spoken 14、The building last year is seventy meters high. The building now is seventy meters high. The building next month is seventy meters high. A. built B. to be built C. being built


1. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, ______ as 3M. A. knowing B. known C. being known D. to be known 2. The disc, digitally ________ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night. A. recorded B. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded 3. Don’t use words, expressions, or phrases _______ only to people with specific knowledge. A. being known B. having been known C. to be known D. known 4. The flowers _______ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 5. ______to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one's skin. A. Exposed B. Being exposed C. Having exposed D. After being exposed 6. ______ writing the article, Mrs. Curie even forgot her dinner. A. Absorbed in B. Absorbing at C. Having absorbed by D. To absorb in 7. No one has ____ anything better than the plan now under consideration. A. put up B come up C. put forward D come up to 8. The mother didn't know who ____ for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. A. to be blamed B. to blame C. blamed D. is to be blame 9. Please give me a call ______ you arrive in New York. A. immediately B. immediately when C. the moment when D. at the moment 10. Your composition is quite good ______several mistakes in spelling. A. besides B. except C. addition to D. except for 11. I care for nothing ______ the one you bought for me yesterday. A. in addition B. as well as C. besides D. apart from 12. He ______ the list of names to see that no one had been left out. A. checked B. examined C. tested D. observed



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