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《新编实用英语》Unit 3 Road Signs and Commuting


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Unit | Three

Road Signs and Commuting

Unit Goals:
What You Should Learn to Do
1. Ask where a particular place is:
in a city within a building

2. Show directions
3. Talk about means of transport to take 4. Understand and write road and office signs

What You Should Know About
1. Different feelings about traveling 2. Forming of plural nouns
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Contents
Talking Face to Face
Section Ⅰ
Section Ⅴ

Appreciating Culture Tips
Section Ⅱ

Being All Ears
Section Ⅲ

Section Ⅳ

Maintaining a Sharp Eye

Trying Your Hand
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Section Ⅰ Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite

Acting out the Tasks
Studying Maps Following Sample Dialogues Putting Language to Use

Speak and Perform

Study and Imitate

Imitate and Perform Speak and Complete Speak and Communicate
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SECTION I Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite 1 Work in pairs. Practice the following mini-talks about giving directions. Window on Key Words 1) Asking How to Get to the Railway Station A: Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the railway station? 交通灯,红绿灯 B: Sure. Go down this street and turn right at the traffic lights. A: Right at the traffic lights. B: Yes. You'll see the railway station when you get there. 大街 2) Asking How to Get to West Avenue A: Excuse me. Do you know where West Avenue is? B: Well, you go down Market Road, pass the market, and turn left. West Avenue is the first turning on the right. A: Pass the market and turn left. First turning on the right. Thanks. Unit | Three B: You are welcome.

Window on Key Words 销售部经理 电梯
3) Asking How to Get to the Sales Manager's Office A: Good morning. Can you tell me where the Sales Manager's office is? B: Sure. The Sales Manager's office is on the fifth floor, Room 512. A: Where is the lift, please? B: Over there. Take the lift to the fifth floor, and then turn left. It is the second room on the left.

在/去楼上

4) Asking How to Get to the Meeting Room A: Hello, Miss. I'm looking for the meeting room. B: The meeting room is on the third floor. You can take the lift or just walk upstairs. A: When I walk out of the lift, how can I get there? B: Just go straight ahead. It's in front of you. You can't miss it.
5) Asking How to Get to the City Center A: Excuse me, could you please tell me how to get to the city center? B: You know the school gate, don't you? There is a bus stop there. Back A: Oh, yes, the bus stop is in front of the gate. Unit B: Take Bus No. 16 or Bus No. 19, and you'll get downtown. | Three

商业区

Acting out the Tasks
Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks.

1 Task: Look at the street map in Exercise 3. Suppose you are at the bus stop at the corner of Hall Street and Wynn Street. Ask how to get to Low Street Underground Station.
2 Task: Look at the street map in Exercise 3. Suppose you are at the bus stop at the corner of Hall Street and Wynn Street. Ask how to get to the church. 3 Task: Look at the street map in Exercise 3. Suppose you are at the bus stop at the corner of Hall Street and Wynn Street. Ask how to get to the car park.

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Acting out the Tasks
Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks.

4 Task: Look at the building map in Exercise 3. Suppose you are just out of the stairs. Ask how to get to the Marketing Department.

5 Task: Look at the building map in Exercise 3. Suppose you are just out of the stairs. Ask how to get to Mr. Green's office.
Back

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Studying Maps
Study and Imitate 3 Maps are very useful for giving and understanding directions. Read the following sample maps carefully and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.

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Back

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Following Sample Dialogues
Imitate and Perform 4 Read the following sample dialogues and try to perform your own tasks. 1) Talking About How to Get to Work Peter: Mark, do you live far away from the museum where you work? Mark: Yes. You know I live in an apartment on Wynn Street and the museum is on Low Street. Peter: How do you usually get to work? Mark: I usually drive my car up Hall Street and park the car behind the church. Then I walk over to the museum. Peter: Oh. Then how about the winter time when it snows? Mark: Well, in winter when it snows, I'd rather not drive. I take the underground from Wynn Street to Low Street. Then I walk across from Low Street station to the museum. Peter: That's convenient, isn't it? Mark: Yes, it is. I can take Bus No. 16, too. The bus stop is just opposite my apartment. The bus turns from Hall Street into Church Street. I get off at the corner of Church Street and Low Street and walk to the museum. | Three Unit

2) Asking How to Get to the Manager's Office Bill: Excuse me, where is the manager's office? Clerk: The manager's office? It's not on this floor. It's on the fourth floor downstairs. You can just walk down the stairs there. Bill: Would you please tell me how I can find his office? Clerk: Sure. Go down the stairs to the fourth floor and turn left. At the end of the corridor, turn left again. Bill: Left, and left again. Clerk: It's the second door on the right next to the meeting room. Bill: Thank you very much.
Back

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Putting Language to Use
Speak and Complete 5 Sally wants to go to Beach Hotel. She is asking a stranger for directions to get there. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting in the missing words. Sally: 1 _____________ me, can you help me? I'm going to Beach Hotel, but Excuse I've lost 2 _____________. my way

Stranger: Go 3 _____________ this street until you come to West Avenue. Turn left along There and go straight ahead about four blocks. The Beach Hotel is 4 _____________ of West Avenue and Main Street. on the corner Sally: I see. Thank you very much. 5 __________ the way, can I take a bus? By Stranger: Yes. If you go there by bus, 6 ____________ Bus No. 15 and get take 7 ____________ at the third stop. off Sally: Where can I take the bus, please? Stranger: The bus stop is over there in 8 _____________ of the supermarket. Back front Sally: 9 _____________ thanks. Many Unit | Three

Speak and Communicate
6 Ken is looking for Mr. Anderson. He meets Jane and asks her for directions. Imagine you are Jane. Tell Ken how he might find Mr. Anderson. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in brackets. Then act it out with your partner. Ken: Jane, where is Mr. Anderson's office? You: 1 (告诉他安德森先生的办公室在顶层,电梯旁边。)

_____________________________. It's on the top floor, next to the lift
Ken: Do you think he is in? You: No. I saw him just now on the second floor. 2 (说他可能在会议室。) _______________________________. He might be in the conference room Ken: The conference room? Where is it? You: 3 (告诉他在二楼206房间。) _______________________________. It is on the second floor, Room 206 Ken: Room 206. Thanks, Jane. You: 4 (礼貌回答肯的致谢。) ____________________. You are welcome
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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat Listen and Match Listen and Respond

Handling a Dialogue

Listen and Decode

Understanding a Short Speech / Talk

Listen and Complete Listen and Match

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat 1 Listen to 10 sentences for workplace communication cross-referenced with their Chinese translations. 1) The Sales Department is next to the Human Resources Department. 1) 销售部在人力资源部的隔壁。

2) The reception desk is in the middle of the hall on the first floor. 3) Cross the bridge, and make a right turn. 4) You need to transfer at Fuxingmen.
5) Just pass the tall building and turn to the right.

2) 接待前台在一楼大厅中间。 3) 过了桥向右拐。 4) 你得在复兴门转车。
5) 走过高楼向右拐。
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6) Drive back to the traffic lights and turn left. 7) Can you show me the way to the railway station? 8) Walk west for two blocks and you'll be there. 9) Sorry, I'm new around here.

6) 往回开到红绿灯,然后往左拐。 7) 请问去火车站怎么走? 8) 往西走两个街区就到了。 9) 对不起,这一带我不熟悉。

10) Take the No.19 bus and get off at 10) 坐19路公交车,在第五站下车。 the fifth stop. Window on Key Words human resources 人力资源 transfer 转乘 reception 接待 block 街区

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Listen and Match 2 Listen to the following sentences for workplace communication in Column A and match each one with its Chinese version in Column B. Column A Column B

1) I think the best way is to take the subway.
2) You will take less than 5 minutes to get there. 3) Keep going until you see a white building on your left. 4) Take the elevator to the sixth floor. 5) Take the subway first, and then change to Bus No. 9.

a. 用不了5分钟你就走到了。
b. 我想最好的办法是乘地铁。 c. 向前走直到看到左边有一栋白色大楼。 d. 先坐地铁, 然后换乘9路公交车。 e. 乘电梯到六楼。
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Column A

Column B

6) Sorry, I'm a stranger here myself. 7) The subway station is just two blocks away.

f. 对不起,我也是外地人。 g. 你可以乘坐地铁二号线,在西直门下车。

8) Excuse me, can you tell me how to h. 化学楼在图书馆对面。 get to the computer center? 9) The chemistry building is opposite the library. 10) You can take Subway Line 2 and get off at Xizhimen. Key: 1-b, 2-a, 3-c, 4-e, 5-d, 6-f, 7-j, 8-i, 9-h, 10-g
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i. 打扰了,能告诉我去计算机中心怎么走吗? j. 地铁站离这里只有两个街区远。

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Listen and Respond

Script

3 Listen to 6 sentences for workplace communication and choose their right responses. 1) A) Thank you. C) Don't mention it. 2) A) You can't miss it. C) It's on your left. 3) A) Yes, but you may walk there. C) Yes, take a taxi. 4) A) Yes, keep going. C) Yes, you need to turn around. 5) A) Sorry to trouble you. C) No, very close. B) You are welcome. D) Sorry to hear that. B) It's only three stops away. D) Take Bus No. 10. B) No, you can't miss it. D) No, it's a white building. B) No, thank you. D) No, it isn't. B) Thank you for the information. D) Yes, here we are.

6) A) You got lost.
C) It is easy to get downtown.

B) You can't miss it.
D) It is opposite the bank.

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Script:

1. When you come out of the lift, turn left. Mr.
Smith's office is the second one on the right. 2. How far is it from here to the library? 3. Is there a bus going there? 4. Am I going in the wrong direction? 5. Is the shopping mall far from here? 6. Excuse me, where is the nearest supermarket?
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Handling a Dialogue
Listen and Decode Script

4 Listen to a dialogue and decode the message by finding out the correct choices in the brackets according to what you have heard. When Bob knows that Jack and some of his friends are having a 1 meeting,

party, game at Emily's house, he says he would like to 2 join, see, miss them.
He doesn't know where Emily lives, so he is asking for 3 information, decisions, directions . He is told that Emily's house is quite 4 close, distant, near and it will take him about 5 five, fifteen, fifty minutes to get there. He has to take a left turning at the 6 traffic lights, flyover, crossroads on Main Street and then a right turning at the 7 police station, petrol station, railway station . He has to go down the road until he comes to a 8 fork, sign, square and turn right. About 9 one, two, three hundred meters up the right road he will see a ?10 one-story, two-story, three-story building on the right.
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Script:
Jack: Hi, Bob. This is Jack. I'm at Emily Green's house, and there is a party going on. Bob: Oh, really? Can I join you? Jack: That's why I'm calling. Bob: But I don't know her address. Jack: I can tell you how to get here. It's quite close. It'll take you about fifteen minutes. Bob: OK. Please give me the directions. Jack: Take a left turn at the traffic lights on Main Street, and then a right one at the police station. Go down that road until you come to a fork. Turn right at the fork and you'll see her house about a hundred meters up the road. It's a two-story building on the right. Bob: OK. Can I bring anything? Jack: You don't have to bring anything, but if you have some friends who want to come, bring them along. Bob: Are there many people there? Jack: Oh, yes. Right now there are about ten people here and the music is Back great!
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Understanding a Short Speech / Talk
Listen and Complete 5 Now listen to a short speech / talk and fill up the blanks according to what you have heard. The words in brackets will give you some hints. Good morning, everyone. Let me tell you how to get to Tsinghua University from 1 ___________________________(where?). The easiest way is to 2 __________ Beijing International Airport take a taxi (do what?). And the second way is to 3 __________ (do what?) the airport shuttle take

(穿梭往返) bus . You can come all the way to Zhongguancun terminal (终点站) .
From the terminal, a taxi ride costs about 4 __________ (how much?). The third 10 yuan choice is to take 5 ___________________ (what?) to Dongzhimen Station. Then the airport subway 6 __________ (do what?) to Line 2 to Xizhimen Station. Change again at Xizhimen change Station to 7 __________ (which line?) to Wudaokou Station. Then, you may Line 13 8 __________ (do what?) to Tsinghua University. walk
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Listen and Match 6 Listen to the speech / talk again and complete the information in Column A with the right choices in Column B. Column A Column B

a. are leaving Beijing from Beijing
International Airport. 1) This speech is probably intended for those tourists who b. want to go to Tsinghua university from the airport. c. are interested to know more about the traffic around Tsinghua. d. would like to find out about sightseeing

spots in Beijing.
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Column A

Column B a. taking a taxi. b. taking an airport shuttle bus. c. taking a trolley bus. d. taking an airport subway. a. Subway Line 1. b. Subway Line 2. c. Subway Line 13. d. Airport subway. a. Dongzhimen Station. b. Xizhimen Station. c. Xidan Station. d. Wudaokou Station.

2) The speaker does not mention

3) To go from Dongzhimen Station to Xizhimen Station, you should take

4) The nearest subway station to Tsinghua University is

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand

Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate
Write and Create

Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar
Write and Apply Rules Write and Translate Write and Correct Mistakes Write and Describe a Picture

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand
Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate 1 Read the following two samples of signs and learn to write your own.

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Write and Create 2 Find from the box the English equivalents to the signs given in Chinese.

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Write and Create 3 Match Column A with Column B.

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4 Translate the following signs into Chinese with the help of a dictionary. 1) NO TRESPASSING FOR PEDESTRIANS 行人不得穿越 2) LIFT UNDER REPAIRS TAKE THE STAIRS 电梯修理,请走楼梯 3) NO ADMITTANCE EXCEPT FOR OFFICIAL BUSINESS 非公莫入

4) CLOSED TO MOTOR VEHICLES
禁止机动车辆通行 5) SLIPPERY ROAD PROCEED WITH CAUTION

路滑慢行
6) ROAD CONSTRUCTION AHEAD 前方修路
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Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar

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Write and Apply Rules 5 Choose the correct answers to fill in the blanks, paying attention to the number form of the nouns given in brackets.

1) Mary is spreading __________ on her bread. (butter, butters) butter 2) There might be ____________ about his mistake. (much doubt, many doubts) much doubt 3) How often do you go to the __________? (movie, movies) movies 4) A goods train carries all kinds of things, except for __________. passengers (passengers, passenger) 5) Tom hadn't had _______________ before he joined the army. much education (much education, many educations) 6) I forgot both of the ______________. (rooms numbers, room numbers) room numbers 7) Beijing, the Capital of China, has_______________________ now. a large population (a large population, large populations) 8) To their great _______, the roof of their house caught fire. (dismay, dismays) dismay 9) They have given us a lot of valuable __________. information Back (information, informations) Unit | Three

Write and Correct Mistakes 6 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 1) All the news are interesting to us. All the news is interesting to us. 2) We all like your ideas of using the money to build a primary school. We all like your idea of using the money to build a primary school. 3) If he refuses to pay, I shall take measure against him. If he refuses to pay, I shall take measures against him. 4) What a lovely hair you have! What lovely hair you have! 5) The Johnsons have just moved into a large house and are planning to buy many newfurnitures. The Johnsons have just moved into a large house and are planning to buy much new furniture. 6) Mary likes potato better than tomato. Mary likes potatoes better than tomatoes. 7) It was such long journey that we felt very tired when we arrived. It was such a long journey that we felt very tired when we arrived.

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8) My father never gave me many advices.

My father never gave me much advice. 9) Our school bought two pieces of equipments for the lab.
Our school bought two pieces of equipment for the lab. 10) In modern age, electronics have been developing very fast.

In modern age, electronics has been developing very fast. 11) He did too little preparations for his examination.
He did too little preparation for his examination. 12) There are a book, two pencils and three notebooks on the desk.

There is a book, two pencils and three notebooks on the desk. 13) Every means have been tried but without much success.
Every means has been tried but without much success. 14) Ten dollars are all that I can afford to pay for the recorder.

Ten dollars is all that I can afford to pay for the recorder.
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Write and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 我要一杯咖啡和两片面包。 I'll have a cup of coffee and two pieces / slices of bread. 2) 老师让我们拿出一张纸考试。 The teacher asked us to take out one sheet / piece of paper for the quiz. 3) 他买了两瓶啤酒和三块巧克力。 He bought two bottles of beer and three bars of chocolate. 4) 数学是我最感兴趣的课程。 Mathematics is the subject I feel most interested in. 5) 谢谢你给我很多建议。 Thank you for the much advice you've given me. / Thank you very much for the many suggestions you've given me. 6) 失败是成功之母。 Failure is the mother of success. 7) 工厂里的所有设备都是中国制造的。 All the equipment in the factory is made in China. Back 8) 体育有益健康。 Sports are good for health. Unit | Three

Write and Describe a Picture 8 Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an event related to the picture given below. Some useful words and phrases are provided here to help you. You may start the passage with the sentence: Signs are marks, pictures or words on a board to draw attention, give warnings or direct somebody towards some place.

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Key: Signs are marks, pictures or words on a board to draw attention, give warnings or direct somebody towards some place. They are widely used in public places to provide people with all kinds of useful information. For instance, a Check In sign at an airport will lead you to the check-in counter. A Way Out sign at the subway tells you where you can get out. Wet Paint in a park warns you to keep away from a bench which is still wet with painting. Visiting Hours at the door of an office

informs you that it is working time for the officers and clerks in this
department. Of course, you will be happy to see the sign “Admission Free” at the gate of an exhibition hall.
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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
PASSAGE I Information Related to the Reading Passage Text

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
Text

Language Points
Read and Think
Read and Complete Read and Translate

Language Points
Read and Judge Read and Translate

Read and Simulate
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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Information Related to the Reading Passage
America is a nation on wheels. Americans use their cars even for very short distances such as going to the neighborhood store to buy some groceries. The average household owns two cars, trucks or sport vehicles

and one in four owns three or more.
Ninety percent of Americans drive to get where they need to go, reporting an average of 87 minutes a day behind the wheel. For car commuters, it's an average of 100 minutes. Cities like Atlanta, San Bernardino and Riverside, Calif., have difficult commutes as the result of city sprawl. In Atlanta, 12.7% of commuters spend more than an hour getting to work, and in the “Inland Empire”, which includes San Bernardino and Riverside, 15% of commuters

take more than an hour to get to the office.
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About a third can be classified as aggressive drivers. Six in ten concede they sometimes go well over the speed limit. Sixty-two

percent occasionally get frustrated behind the wheel, more than four in
ten get angry and two in ten sometimes boil into road rage. And nothing fuels driver anger like getting stuck in a traffic jam.

Anyway, the road still offers more freedom than frustration. Three
quarters of Americans say driving often gives them a sense of independence, and nearly half say it's often relaxing. Four in ten love their cars — not just like them, but love them.
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PASSAGE I
Funny Road Signs from Around the World!
Most road signs you come across are straightforward. They tell you what to do, which direction to go in, where you are, etc., but occasionally (and usually unintentionally), road signs can be funny! 1 Taking pictures of funny road signs while traveling is a favorite pastime for

many travelers. We've all come across these gems: a miswritten translation; an
unusual warning; or an illustration that just doesn't seem right. It might be an official highway sign or something written on a shop window. 2 All are perfect for adding to your travel photo album and sharing with friends. And oftentimes, photographic evidence of such a sign not only makes a great souvenir, but also serves as proof for doubtful folks back home.
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Exercises Here're a few funny road signs found from various parts of the world — they're all real road signs. I hope you enjoy them and please feel free to add your own captions to the pictures. It seems that this is a real possibility around Ireland's Dingle Peninsula. 3 After all, the authorities put up a warning sign, picturing a car flying headfirst into the sea. 4 And that sign, pictured against an actual cliff in the background, makes a great travel photo.
beware

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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 1. (Para. 2) Taking pictures of funny road signs while traveling is a favorite pastime for many travelers. Analysis: The gerund phrase beginning with taking is the subject of the sentence, in which while travelling (= while they are travelling) serves as the time adverbial of the verb taking. Translation:旅行过程中拍一些滑稽有趣的路牌对很多旅行者来说都是一大消遣乐事。 Example: Looking elsewhere while talking to customers is not considered good manners.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

2. (Para. 2) All are perfect for adding to your travel photo album and sharing with friends. Analysis: For is a preposition, which takes two gerund phrases (adding, sharing) as its object. Translation:这些都完全适合添加进你的旅行相册中与朋友分享。 Example: The song is perfect for singing in the New Year celebration.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 4) After all, the authorities put up a warning sign, picturing a car flying headfirst into the sea. Analysis: The noun sign has a present particle phrase as its post-modifier (picturing=which pictured) and the noun car also has a present particle phrase as its post-modifier (flying=that was flying). Translation: 毕竟,有关部门竖立了一块警示牌,上面画的是一辆轿车头朝下 飞入大海。 Example: The artist showed us his new oil painting, depicting a pretty girl dancing in the garden.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 4) And that sign, pictured against an actual cliff in the background, makes a great travel photo. Analysis: The noun sign has a past particle phrase as its post-modifier (pictured = that is pictured). The verb make here acts as a linking verb, which means have the qualities for a purpose. Translation: 衬托着背景中的真实山崖拍摄的这块路牌,构成了一幅绝佳的旅行 照片。

Example: The church, situated in the beautiful mountainous area, makes an ideal place for a wedding reception.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

1. straightforward a. simple to understand; honest and open 直白易懂的;坦率的

e.g. ? People who are too straightforward in speaking may easily offend others. ? He was enthusiastic, intelligent and straightforward.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

2. occasionally

ad. now and then 有时,偶尔
e.g. ? Occasionally the machine goes wrong without any apparent

cause.
? Everyone wanted a place where they could be left alone occasionally.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

3. official a. connected with those in power 官方的;当局的;正式的 e.g. ? The news is almost certainly true although it is not official. ? The President of the United States will make an official visit to this country.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

4. evidence n. one or more reasons for believing something is true or untrue 证据;证词

e.g. ? There is evidence that college exam cheating is on the rise. ? A video tape was presented as evidence in court.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

5. caption n. a brief description accompanying a picture or title of an article 图片说明;标题;字幕 e.g. ? The caption of a newspaper article is usually set in large type. ? He is interested in the captions under the pictures.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

6. beware v. be careful about something 注意,当心,谨防 e.g. ? Beware! If you have too much sweet food, you'll get fat. ? Beware of trains!

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Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage. 1) Do you enjoy taking pictures while traveling? Why?

(Open.)
2) What can be a great souvenir according to the writer?

A picture of funny road signs.
3) What can you do when other people don't believe what you say about the funny road signs?

You can show them the pictures you have taken.

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Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage. 4) What does the writer suggest readers do with the pictures they have taken?

He suggests that they add their own captions to the pictures.

5) What accident does the flying-car road sign imply?

A car is flying headfirst into the sea and will probably cause death and damage.
6) What does the caption information overload mean?

It means that too much information given on the road sign only confuses the travelers.
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Read and Complete

2 Complete each of the following statements with words or phrases from the passage.
1) Many travelers enjoy taking pictures of funny road signs while traveling. It is their favorite ____________. pastime 2) You can put your road sign photos in your travel ____________ and ______ (photo) album share them with your friends. 3) The purpose of the flying-car sign is to warn drivers not to ____________ the drive off cliff.

4) This flying-car sign is an official one as it was put up by the ____________. authorities
5) The moose-crossing sign is to warn drivers to ____________ of moose while beware driving. 6) You are sure to get lost is the ____________ to the photo with a very caption confusing travel map.
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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. authority official put up occasional come across pastime beware serve as add to evidence

1) When I ____________ a new word, I write it down in my notebook. come across

2) The computer can easily get stuck, so you must ____________ of computer beware
viruses. 3) The company has created a new logo to ____________ their outgoing mails. add to 4) This old railway station will be rebuilt to ____________ a huge supermarket. serve as 5) Let me see all the ____________ papers concerning the sale of the land. official
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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. authority official put up occasional come across pastime beware serve as add to evidence

6) The historical ____________ in support of this conclusion is weak. evidence 7) In that region ____________ floods do occur, though they are not very serious. occasional

8) Chatting with friends over the Internet in the dead of night is probably my only
___________. pastime 9) Before it got dark the campers ____________ their tent in a field. put up 10) The local ____________ found that the pollution in the river was serious. authorities

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Unit | Three

Read and Translate

4 Translate the following sentences into English.
1) 他自愿当我们队的司机。 serve as He volunteered to serve as the driver of our team. 2) 做对外贸易时我们应该注意文化差异。 beware of We should beware of cultural differences in doing foreign trade. 3) 我们刚碰到了一位多年不见的老朋友。 come across We've just come across an old friend we haven' t seen for ages. 4)大卫把每幅图片都研究了两遍,又仔细地阅读了图片说明。 caption David studied each photo twice and read the captions carefully. 5) 他直率的回答给我们留下了很深的印象。 straightforward We were impressed by his straightforward answers. 6) 你能提供证据来证明他当时不在犯罪现场吗? evidence Can you provide any evidence to show that he was not in the crime scene at that time?
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Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Most road signs you come across are straightforward. Most young students I come across overseas have part-time jobs. 我在日本见到的女人大都是居家主妇。 我们遇到的问题大都通过团队工作得到解决。

Most women I came across in Japan were stay-at-home housewives.

Most problems we came across were solved by team work.

Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Taking pictures of funny signs while traveling is a favorite pastime for many travelers.

Chatting online while surfing the internet is a hobby for many of us. 边听音乐边做作业对许多年轻人来说都是一种爱好。
边等车边背英语单词对我来说是个好建议。 Doing homework while listening to music is a habit for many young students.

Reciting English words while waiting for a bus is a good suggestion for me.
Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

All are perfect for adding to your travel photo album and sharing with friends.
The conference room is perfect for holding this event. 这些画册非常适合给学龄前儿童看。 这种纸非常适合画水彩画。

These picture books are perfect for showing to pre-school children.

The kind of paper is perfect for painting water color pictures.

Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Here are a few funny road signs found from various parts of the world. Here are some common wedding customs found in all parts of China. 以下是成功商人具备的七项素质。 以下是当地各家报纸的新闻头条。

Here are seven qualities found in successful businessmen.

Here are the top news headlines found in local newspapers.

Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. I hope you enjoy them and please feel free to add your own captions to the pictures. I hope you come to our company often and please feel free to try the products here. 希望你喜欢这里的饭菜,请随时告诉我们你喜欢的菜肴。 希望你喜欢我的书,有什么评论和建议尽管提出来。 I hope you enjoy our food here and please feel free to tell us what is your favorite dish.

I hope you like my book and please feel free to make any comments and suggestions.
Unit | Three

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. After all, the authorities put up a warning sign, picturing a car flying headfirst into the sea. Our school put up a big poster, picturing students performing in after-class activities. 体育馆挂了一张有趣的图片,上面是一群熊猫在做各种体育运动。 公园立了一块新指示牌,上面是一只指路的卡通兔子。 The gymnasium put up an interesting picture, showing pandas doing all kinds of sports.

The park put up a big new sign, picturing a cartoon rabbit giving the directions.

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Unit | Three

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
As cities grow, more and more Americans are leaving for work between 5 a.m. and 6:30 a.m. and are commuting for longer periods of time. Here are what some of the worst cities for commuters are like. In Atlanta, the fastest-growing city in America, more people flood the roadways than the infrastructure can handle. Commuters spend 60 hours a year stuck in traffic, second only to those in Los Angeles. If that is not bad enough, Atlanta is so spread out that only 29% of drivers get to and from work in less than 20 minutes, and 13% spend more than an hour getting to work. The local train system doesn't cover the

entire city, and thus fails to relieve the pressure.

Unit | Three

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
Because most of the workers in Washington D.C. are commuting from the Virginia or Maryland suburbs, it can take an exceedingly long time to make it downtown. Here, 15% of commuters take over an hour to get to work, the second highest rate in the country. Drivers spend 60 hours a year stuck in traffic, and only 26% of commuters get to work in under 20 minutes. In Houston, Texas, 13% of people carpool, the highest such percentage in cities

with over 2 million workers, and third among cities with more than 1 million
workers. Still, unlike Dallas and Austin, Houston has largely resisted mass transit system development in favor of expanding roadways, highways and interstates to accommodate more cars.
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Unit | Three

PASSAGE II
How Do You Commute to Work?
Hanna P., Marketing Expert at a famous software company, posted online his own commuting experience and asked the netizens to share their views: I went today: by bus No. 81, then trolley bus No. 3,

then underground Line 1,
then bus No.139 and finally bus No. 87 (25 km all together). 1 Who more? And actually the point of the question is: 2 why do so many people spend lots of time and money getting to work instead of moving near to it? 3 It would be so nerve- and traffic-saving if everyone lived near their work.
Unit | Three

Exercises Responses Posted Online by Netizens Cristina F.: In Portugal, moving next to work will certainly mean buying a house that we often cannot afford. I work outside Lisbon and I travel on Monday to work, stay there and need only three steps to get to work. I travel back to Lisbon Friday afternoon. (posted 18 hours ago)

Chris B.: I travel by car as it is the most time-efficient way of getting there. (posted 15 hours ago ) James B.: I've been working for small companies — companies move, change and go out of business. 4 If I had lived next to where I worked, I would have had to move seven times in the last 30 years. That would have been difficult to my family. So I live where I want, and plan on driving up to 40 miles, one-way, to get to work. (posted 14 hours ago)

Unit | Three

Exercises Nigel T.: I drive. I work on short-term contract assignments which can be anything from 3 to 12

months, so moving is just not a choice. In the UK it can take 3 to 6 months to buy and
sell a house anyway. My current employer is about 40 miles away. Last year it was a daily round trip of 189 miles — way too much! (posted 13 hours ago) Lisa N.: When I was at my last job, I drove about 10 miles one way to get there, on city roads

and the interstate. It was a fast commute usually. I don't have a job right now, but when
I do, I might use a park and ride system as I may be commuting from the suburbs to the city. I might also use the light rail if it is available. (posted 13 hours ago)
Unit | Three

Exercises

Natalie K.: I also have around 25 km to the office, and I go by car. I wouldn't like to move to the area close to the office, because I enjoy living in the center of the city (Copenhagen). (posted 11 hours ago)

Michael R.: 5 minutes' drive to the airport; 5 minutes to preflight my plane; 1 hour 10 minutes' flight ; 10 minutes' drive to the client site. (posted 9 hours ago)
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Unit | Three

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

1. (Para. 1) Who more? Analysis: This is an elliptical sentence. The complete sentence could be: Who did more travelling than I did?

Translation:有谁比我换乘还多呢?

Example: He was playing net games online for 20 hours. Who more?

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Unit | Three

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
2. (Para. 2) …why do so many people spend lots of time and money getting to work instead of moving near to it?

Analysis: Spend time or money V-ing is a common English expression. Instead
of doing is a phrase meaning not doing. Another phrase which has the similar meaning is rather than. Translation: 为什么那么多的人宁愿上班花那么多的时间和金钱,而不搬到工作 单位附近居住呢? Example: Martin spent lots of time complaining about his boss instead of doing anything.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

3. (Para. 2) It would be so nerve- and traffic-saving if everyone lived near their work.
Analysis: Notice this is a typical sentence pattern in subjunctive mood. Nerve- and trafficsaving are short for nerve-saving and traffic-saving. Other similar words are time-saving, labor-saving, etc. Translation:如果大家都住在工作地点附近,能少伤多少脑筋,少乘多少车啊。 Example: It would be time- and labor-saving if we adopted the latest technology.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 5) If I had lived next to where I worked, I would have had to move seven times in the last 30 years.

Analysis: Note that the subjunctive mood is used to express an unreal condition. Pay attention to the tenses that are used in the conditional clause and the main clause. Translation: 如果我是住在工作单位附近,在过去的三十年里我就得搬七次家了。
Example: If we had talked about it, we would have solved the problem between us.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

1. marketing n. the commercial processes involved in promoting and selling

and distributing a product or service 销售;促销;营销
e.g. ? They have come up with new and wonderful marketing ideas. ? Our marketing and business courses are highly valued by employers and will help you develop practical skills.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

2. post v. put a message on the Internet (在互联网上)发帖子 e.g. ? He posted a video and some of the actress's photos online.

? You can find lots of newly posted articles about car pooling in my
blog.

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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

3. commute v./n. to regularly travel a long distance to work; the journey of commuting 通勤,上下班(尤其指很远的路程) e.g.

? I have to commute 10 kilometers to my company in the suburbs.
? I spend much less time on my commute to work now.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

4. contract n. a binding agreement between two or more persons or parties 合同 e.g. ? Mary signed a two-year contract with the company. ? The contract specifies that the goods should be shipped within 2 months.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

5. assignment n. a formal piece of work that is given to someone as part of their work 任务,作业 e.g. ? Please turn in your assignment before you leave the classroom.

? My first assignment as a news reporter was to interview a
professor.
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Unit | Three

Language Points
2 Important Words

6. client n. someone who pays for services or advice from an expert or an organization 顾客,客户;委托人 e.g. ? The lawyer argued that his client was clearly innocent. ? You can introduce your products and services to your clients through your website.
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Unit | Three

Read and Judge 6 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T / F accordingly.

1) Hanna P. is interested in knowing why people choose not to live near
their work place. 2) Cristina F. travels to and from her work every day. 3) James B.'s present job is his eighth job. 4) Nigel T. has to commute a longer distance in his present job than in his last. 5) In her next job, Lisa N. may have to drive to the city and then change to

the light rail.
6) Natalie K. has to drive about 25 km to work in the city center. 7) Michael R. drives to the airport to meet his client.
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Unit | Three

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1) The website has always posted some answers to the questions frequently raised by netizens. 对于网民经常提的问题,那家网站总是给予解答。 2) Why do many people spend so much time chatting online instead of talking with neighbors in their real life? 为什么那么多人把那么多的时间花在网络聊天上,却不愿意和现实生活 中的邻居们交谈呢? 3) Let's take the light rail as it is the most time- and money-saving way of getting there. 咱们乘快轨吧,因为这是去那里最省时省钱的方法。 4) Many netizens agree that success in life means owning a big house, getting a well-paid job, and having a happy family. What do you think?

很多网民都认为生活的成功就意味着拥有一所大房子、一份高薪的工作 和一个美满的家庭。你怎么看?
Unit | Three

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

5) The new model of the cell phone is priced anywhere from $100 to $500.
这款新型手机的定价在100到500美元之间。 6) The point of the question is to make sure we learn lessons from our own life experiences. 问题的关键是我们一定要从生活经历中吸取教训。 7) Last year that company went out of business because of its poor management. 去年那家公司由于经营不善停业了。 8) The new park and ride system will greatly improve traffic in the city. 新的换车通勤方式将会极大地改善这个城市的交通。
Back

Unit | Three

Search Online

To find stories about people commuting to work.
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Unit | Three

SECTION V Appreciating Culture Tips
Discuss, Appreciate and Comment

Back

Unit | Three


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