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高中英语必修三教案


Unit 1 Festivals around the world
I. 单元教学目标 技能目标 Goals ▲ Talk about festivals and celebrations ▲ Talk about the ways to express request and thanks ▲ Learn to use Modal verbs ▲ Write a similar story with a different ending II. 目标语言 . Talk about festivals: 功 能 句 式 *Festivals are meant to celebrate important events. *What’s your favorite holiday of the year? *What festivals or celebrations do you enjoy in your city or town? *Do you like spending festivals with your family or with your friends? *What part of a festival do you like best——the music, the things to see, the visit or the food? *Festivals and celebrations of all kinds are held everywhere. *They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty. *Some festivals are held to honor the dead or satisfy and please the ancestors. *Festivals can be held as an honor to famous people or the gods. *The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. *Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our daily life for a little while. Request: Could/Would you please...? Could I have ...? Could we look at...?

I look forward to .... May I see...? Thanks It’s very kind of you ... Thank you very much/Thanks a lot. I’d love to. It was a pleasure... Don’t mention it. You are most welcome. 1. 四会词汇 starve, plenty, satisfy, ancestor, lamp, lead, feast, bone, origin, trick, poet, arrival, national, gain, independence, gather, agricultural, European, custom, award, award, watermelon, handsome, rooster, admire, energetic, forward, 词 Easter, clothing, religious, social, Christian, daily, permission, possibility, fool, apologize, drown, sadness, obvious, wipe, lovely, couple, weep, 汇 announcer, forgive 2. 认读词汇 Obon, incense, skull, Halloween, carnival, lunar, parade, Jesus, cherry, blossom, Trinidad, Valentine, weave, herd, the Milky Way, magpie 3. 固定词组 take place, in memory of, dress up, play a trick, look forward to, day and night, as though, have fun with, turn up, keep one’s word, hold one’s breath 4. 重点词汇 starve, satisfy, lead, gather, admire, apologize, drown, wipe, weep, forgive Modal verbs: may/ might, can/ could, will/ would, shall/should, must/ can ▲ They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would 语 bring a year of plenty. P1 ▲ Some festivals are held to honor the dead, or satisfy and please the 法 ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. P2

▲ Festivals can be held as an honor to famous people or the gods. 1. Discuss when they take place, what they celebrate and one that people do at that time. P1 2. They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would 重 点 句 子 bring a year of plenty. P1 3. Some festivals are held to honor the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. P2 4. They light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors to earth. P2 5. The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. P2 6. The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. P2 7. They might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud music and colorful clothing of all kinds. P2 8. The teacher said that we could not leave early. (permission) P5 9. The hunters are lost. They could starve.(possibility) P5 10. It was Valentine’s Day and Hu Jin had said she would meet him at the coffee shop after work. P7 11. She said she would be there at seven o’clock, and he thought she would keep her word. P7 12. "I don’t want them to remind me of her." So he did. P7

III. 教材分析与教材重组 1. 教材分析 本单元以节日为话题,介绍古今中外节日的种类、由来、意义以及人们的活 动和习俗,旨在通过本单元的学习使学生不但了解我国的节日,而且对外国的节 日也有所了解,进而拓展社会文化背景、增加跨国文化知识;使学生复习和巩固

运用请求和感谢的表达法,掌握情态动词的用法;并尝试根据阅读的文章写一个 不同的结局,能表达自己的观点和想法。 1.1 Warming Up 旨在通过表格引导学生讨论并列举出五个我国节日的日

期、庆祝内容和民俗。可以刚刚过去的春节为话题导入对节日的讨论;使他们由 自己的经历谈起,扩展到别的节日以及外国的重要节日,激发学生的兴趣,激活 他们关于节日的背景知识,为本单元的学习做准备。 1.2 Pre-reading 是 Reading 的热身活动。 主要通过两个问题引导学生思考并

讨论自己最喜欢的节日及欢度方式,进而了解学生对节日的认识,以便为阅读作 好铺垫。 1.3 Reading 的五篇小短文分别介绍古代节日、亡灵节、纪念名人的节日、

丰收节、春天的节日等,使学生了解各种节日的由来及其存在的意义。此部分载 有 Festivals 的重要信息,还呈现了大量的词汇和主要的语法---情态动词的用法。 处理时应作为重点、整体处理,通过上下文来教词汇、语法,并引导学生分析长 句、难句和复杂句。 1.4 Comprehending 是考察对阅读内容的进一步理解。

练习一:六个问题让学生对文章内容有浅层理解并考察课文细节,但又不能 仅仅拘泥于课文,要引导学生理解课文内容的基础上联系现实生活。 练习二:要求学生讨论哪些节日是最重要的,哪些是最有趣的,以表格的形 式检查学生对所读节日的理解,并训练他们举一反三的归纳和推理能力。 练习三:要求学生找出各种节日共有的三件事,然后讨论为什么这些事对各 地的人们都很重要。这就要求学生不仅要温习文章内容而且要结合实际,阐述自 己的想法,挖掘学生的思维能力和语言表达能力。 1.5 Learning about Language 分词汇和语法两部分。其中 Discovering useful

words and expressions 是本单元单词的英文释义练习和用文章中的词汇的适当形 式填空;Discovering useful structures 是以文章内容为载体在语境中练习语法, 掌握情态动词。 由此可以看出本教材已明显地由结构为特征的传统语法训练转变 到以交际功能为特征的功能语法训练,充分体现了新教材话题、功能、结构相结 合的特点。 1.6 Using Language 是英语听说读写的全面运用的练习。

1.6 ①

Listening 是课文的延伸,通过听几位学生参加 Trinidad Carnival 节

日游行的两段对话,使学生体会参加节日游行的真实情景,既训练听力一通过问 题训练了他们的分析能力。 1.6 ② Speaking 分为两部分。 第一部分通过电话突出交际用语功能的训练;

第一部分让学生编对话, 可以按自己的想象、 经历为内容, 训练思维和表达能力。 1.6 ③ Reading 是发生在情人节的一个令人伤心的爱情故事, 其中又插入了

一个“七巧节”的故事。阅读后的讨论不仅帮助学生理解文章主旨大意,更重要的 是让学生学会寻求解决问题的方法。 1.6 ④ Writing 的任务是写一个与文章结尾不同的结局。 旨在让学生通过思考 写出自己的想法,尝试自己解决问题。 总之,通过本单元的系统学习,让学生了解世界各国的节日及民俗,学习有 关节日的词汇,并能够丰富语言知识,提升用英语表达观点的能力。 2. 教材重组 2.1 口 语 从 话 题 内 容 和 功 能 上 分 析 Warming Up 与 Workbook 中 的

Listening 和 Talking 相一致,旨在启发学生讨论、思考并引出本单元关于节日的 话题,可以整和成一节任务型“口语课”。 2.2 精读 可将 Pre-reading、 Reading、 Comprehending 三个活动整和成一节“阅 读课”。 2.3 语言学习 将 Learning about Language 与 Workbook 中的 Using words && expressions Using structures 结合在一起,上一节“语言学习课”。 2.4 听力 可将 Using language 中的 Listening 与 Workbook 中 Listening 和 Listening task 放在同一节课中处理,上一堂 "听力课"。 (Using language 中的 Speaking 可视听力时间而定,可课上处理亦可留做课下作业下堂课提问。 ) 2.5. 泛读 可将 Using Language 中的 Reading &&Writing 和 Workbook 中的 Reading Task 上成一节 "泛读课"。 2.6 复习、写作 可将 Workbook 中的 Speaking Task 和 Writing Task 上成一节复 习写作课。 (Workbook 中的 Project && checking yourself, 可视学生水平安排在本 堂课或留做作业。 ) 3. 课型设计与课时分配 (经分析教材, 本单元可以用六课时教完。) 1st period Speaking

2nd period 3rd period 4th period 5th period 6th period

Reading Learning about Language Listening Extensive Reading Writing && Consolidation

IV. 分课时教案

The First Period Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 take place, lunar, festivals, Army Day, Christmas, dress up b. 交际用语 Express one’s opinion: In my opinion, ... I believe ... I think that ... Expressions used in the shops: Would you like...? Might I offer help...? You should try...? Can you suggest...? 2. 能力目标 Could I have...? May I see...?

Speaking

Could we look at...? We might take...?

Enable the students to talk about Chinese festivals and customs in English and get to know some information about foreign festivals. 3. 学能目标 Enable the students to learn how to talk about Chinese festivals and customs.

Teaching important points 教学重点及难点 How to talk about the Chinese festivals and social customs at festivals and how to offer and request the items you need in shops. Teaching methods 教学方法 Elicitation, discussion, listening, pair work. Teaching aid 教具准备 A computer, a projector and a tape recorder Teaching procedures && ways 教学过程与方法

Step I

Leading in

T: Hello, everybody! Welcome back to school! Did you have a good time in your winter holidays? Ss: Yes. Of course! T: When did you feel most happy and excited? Ss: At the Spring Festival. T: Who can tell us why? Volunteers! S1: Because it’s the most important festival in our country. S2: Because I got much lucky money from my parents, grandparents and my relatives. S3: Because I needn’t study at festivals and there was lots of delicious food to eat. How great! S4: Because I met my cousins and old friends who I hadn’t seen for a long time and we had a very good time together. T: Excellent work! I am glad to hear that. Now let’s talk about FESTIVALS, which are meant to celebrate important events. Please think about other Chinese festivals. S1: New Year (January 1st), Yuan Xiao Festival (15 days after the Spring Festival). T: Quite right. That’s the Lantern Festival. It’s the 15th day of the first lunar month. What do you usually do on the Lantern Festival? S2: We eat special sweet dumplings called Yuan Xiao and enjoy displayed lanterns. S3: And we enjoy beautiful fireworks, too.

T: You have done a good job. What are the other festivals? S4: International Women’s Day. It was on March 8. S5: Arbor Day on March 12th. S6: International Labor Day and Chinese Youth Day. S7: International Children’s Day. T: Yes. Very good. Next one? S8: Army Day is on August 1st and Teachers’ Day is on September 10th. S9: National Day on October 1st. T: Excellent work! Those are all the legal holidays in our country. Do you know our traditional festivals? List some of them, please. Sa: The most important one is the Spring Festival. T: Yes. It’s also called Lunar New Year. Anything else? Sb: Qingming Festival in memory of the dead or the heroes on April the fifth. T: It’s called Tomb Sweeping Festival. Another one? Sc: Dragon Boat Festival on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in memory of the great poet — Qu Yuan. Sd: Mid-Autumn Festival on the fifth day of the eighth lunar month. T: You’ve done a good job, boys and girls! You have named many festivals. I’m proud of you for you are so well-informed.

Step II Warming up T: Look at the screen and I’ll show you a table and some pictures: Festivals New Year International Women’s Day Arbor Day March 12th the Spring Festival International Labor May 1st Pure Brightness April the fifth Lunar New Year Date January 1st March 8 Festivals Teachers’ Day National Day Date September 10th October 1st

Day Chinese Youth Day May 4th.

Day Dragon Festival Boat the fifth day of the fifth lunar month the 5th day of the 8th lunar month

International Children’s Day Army Day

June 1st

Mid-Autumn Festival

August 1st

Lantern Festival

the 15 day of the 1st lunar month

T: What can you get from the table and the pictures? Ss: Chinese festivals. T: Open your books and turn to page one. Work in pairs and discuss another four Chinese festivals: what people celebrate and what people do. The first one is given to you as an example. Three minutes for free talk, then ask some students to share their opinions with the whole class. Suggested answers:

Festivals

Date

What

does

it What do people do?

celebrate? the Spring Festival The 1st day of the The 1st Lunar month spring coming of Visit relatives; have a big meal; display Spring couplets pictures International Labor Day May 1st The hard-working Taking a week off people all over the work; visit scenic world Lantern Festival the fifteenth day of the first lunar month spots; go shopping Festival and

The first full moon Eat special sweet after Lunar New dumplings-yuanxiao Year enjoy fireworks lanterns&

The Dragon Boat Festival

the 5th day of the in memory of Qu Dragon boat racing, 5th lunar month Yuan, a great poet eating zongzi and drinking realgar

wine; put herbs on doorways for good health Do not expect all students have the same answers, and accept any correct information. T: Ok! We have got lots of information about Chinese festivals. Would you like to know something about foreign festivals? Ss: Yes! T: What’s the most important festival in western countries? Ss: Christmas! T: That’s right! Please look at the pictures and talk about them.

1

2

3

4

5

6

S1: The first one is about April Fools day on April 1st. But I know nothing about the second picture. S2: I have no idea, either. There are some round objects. What are they? T: They are the Easter eggs(复活节彩蛋). On Easter Day people like to dye and exchange eggs. Easter Day comes on the Sunday on or after March 21st. People think Jesus Christ(耶稣) comes back to life on that day. Many people go to church and children often get presents. How about the third one? Ss: Halloween! Children like to play a game “trick or treat”(不请吃就捣蛋). T: Yes! Halloween is a time to have fun. It comes on October 31st. It’s one of the most favorite holidays for children. Parties are very popular, too. People wear scary clothes and masks(面具), for example, dress up like a witch(巫婆). Next one? S3: A plate of chicken and some delicious food. But I don’t know what it is called. T: The food is turkey(火鸡), corn(玉米) and pumpkin pies(南瓜派). Thanksgiving Day is a traditional American festival on the fourth Thursday in November when families get together and have a big dinner. How about the fifth picture? Ss: There are roses and heart in it. May be it’s about love.

Ss: I see. It is on February 14th. But I don’t know its English name. T: It’s Valentine’s Day. Candy, flowers and other gifts are exchanged between lovers or couples on this day, in honor of two martyrs, both named St. Valentine. Do you know something about the last picture? S4: The flowers are beautiful. What’s the name of the festival? T: It’s Cherry Blossom Festival, a Japanese festival. Every April when the cherry flowers come out, Japanese people celebrate it. They go out with their friends or families. They sit under the trees, sing and have a picnic. Ok. That’s about some foreign festivals.

Step III Listening (WB P41) T: Now, we will come to the listening part. First, turn to Page 41. And then listen to the tape. Look at the first picture in this page. What can you see? S5: A rabbit and a chicken. T: Yes. But the rabbit is called the Easter Bunny. Read after me "the Easter Bunny". It is an imaginary rabbit that children believe comes to the home to hide the Easter eggs(复活节彩蛋). And the second picture is about the Easter eggs. What’s in the third picture? S6: Some bread. T: Yes. The bread with an X is called hot cross buns. On Easter Day people eat it. Now listen to the tape and try to get the main idea. Play the tape for the students. While listening, the students should grasp the key words and get the main idea. Then play the tape once more. After listening, let the students answer the questions. And check the answers with the whole class. Then sum up the useful expressions in the material (about Easter Day). Then play the tape a

third time for them to write down the main idea of the passage. Then check the answers with the whole class.

The suggested answers are in the Teachers’ Book Page 18.

Step IV Talking (WB P41) T: Now we’ll make up a dialogue: suppose that Spring Festival is coming, and you are to do some shopping for it, work in pairs one as the customer and the other as the shopkeeper. First, look through the useful expressions given on this page. Then I will ask some of you to present your dialogue publicly. Teachers show the useful expressions on the screen. You can give a model or not. It’s up to the English level of your students. 2minutes later ask several students to talk. Sa: May I help you? Sb: Yes. I’d like to buy something for Spring Festival. Sa: May I suggest your buying some vegetables and fruit, which are very fresh. At Festivals you’d better not have too much fat. Sb: Thanks for your advice. I’ll take two kilos cabbage, three kilos bananas and some nuts. Sa: Would you like some flowers to decorate you house? Sb: No, thanks. May I see some candy? I will buy some for my nephew. Sa: This way, please. We have all kinds of candy here. Would you like some chocolate? Sb: Yes, let me see. We might take this kind and that one over there. Sa: Anything else? Sb: No. That’s what I need. Sa: Many thanks for your coming! May you have a happy Spring Festival! [The sample dialogue is in the Teachers’ Book Page 18.]

Step V Assignment 1. Consolidation T: Boys and girls you did very well today. We have talked about many festivals around the world. I hope you can listen to the listening material again after class to be familiar with it. 2. Homework Collect as much information about festivals as possible.

Think about the questions in Part 2 "pre-reading" and then preview the next part about reading to get the main idea.


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