Module 3 Unit 2 Language Period 1 Welcome to the unit & Reading
学习目标 1、加深对 Language 在广义上的理解，并意识到 Verbal Language 不是唯一的交流 方式，同时学生将通过讨论获取有益的英语学习的方法。 2、阅读，理解一篇有关 English and its history 的历史说明文。 3、通过对课文的学习，能深刻领会 English is a living language,同时掌握阅读历 史说明文的策略。 4、熟悉一些重要单词和短语：vocabulary, nowadays, defeat, raise, process, distinction, accent,occupy, official, contribute, entire, inform sb.of sth., be made up with, consist of, name after, aside from, take control of, lead to, result in, make contributions to
1、What language do you speak? Can you speak any other languages?
2、Do you know how many languages there are in the world?
3、Do you think that Language is the only way people communicate? What other methods of communication can you think of?
4、根据提示写出相应单词或短语 1)____________ n 词汇 2)______________adv. 现在；如今 3)______________vt. 击败，战胜 4)______________vt. 替换；代替，取代 5)______________vt. 养育；培养；举起；增加；提 高；筹募；提及 6)_______________n.过程，进程 7)_______________n.区别，差别
14) be made up _____由……组成（构成）
9)_______________vt. 占领；占用（时间、空 15) be different ______与……不同 间等） ___________n. 占领；占用 16) consist______ 由……组成（构成） 10)_______________adj. 官方的；正式的 17) name ________以……命名 ______________adv. 官方地；正式地 18) aside ________ 除……之外 11)_______________n.贡献；促成因素；捐赠 19) take control ______ 控制 _______________vi.&vt.贡献 20) lead _____ 导致；通向 result _____ 导致 12)_______________adj. 完 全 的 ； 整 个 的 21) make contribution ______ 对……做出贡献 _______________adv. 整个地；全部地 22) go _____ 经历；遭受 13) inform sb. _____ sth. 通知某人某事
【知识建构】 1、Listen to the tape and answer the following questions. 1)What is the article about?
2)What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article?
3)In what way is English still changing?
2、Read the passage on Page 22-23, and choose the best answers. 1) English is a language with so many confusing rules, because__________. A. England has a long history B. England is separated from the European mainland C. the English population is large D. the English nation consists of people from different cultures 2) The oldest language in Britain is _________. A. Celtic B. Anglo-Saxon C. Old English
3) The English word “pork”comes from ________. A. English B. German C. Fench D. Danish 4) Compared with the other three, _________ has many Latin words. A. Old English B. Middle English C. Modern English D. Celtic 5) Which of the following statements is the most accurate? A. English is easy to understand though it keeps changing. B. English stays almost the same after many foreign invasions. C. English nowadays is hard to understand, according to the passage, because people make it similar to Old English. D. English is changing all the time, but it is still English.
【典例透析】 1、 The English language is made up with the Grammar and vocabulary these people brought to Britain. 【分析】这是一个主从复合句。主句是 The English language is made up with the Grammar and vocabulary。these people brought to Britain 是定语从句，修饰先行词 grammar and vocabulary, 该定语从句中省略了作 brought 宾语的关系代词 that 或 which。 【句意】英语就是由这些人带来的语法和词汇构成的。 2、 At the end of the 9th century, the Vikings, people from Northern European countries such as Denmark and Norway, began to move to Britain. 【分析】 这是一个简单句。 主干部分为 the Vikings began to move to Britain. 介词短语 At the end of the 9th century 作时间状语；people 作 Vikings 的同位语,from Northern European countries 是介词短语作后置定语，修饰 people. 【句意】在 9 世纪末，来自北欧诸国（如丹麦和挪威）的维京人开始向不列颠移居。 3、 The most important contribution was from the Normans, a French-speaking people who defeated England and took control of the country in 1066. 【分析】 本句是复合句。 people who defeated England and tool control of the country in 1066 为定语从句，修饰 a French-speaking people. 【句意】最重要的贡献来自于讲法语的诺曼人，他们于 1066 年击败英格兰并控制了这个国 家。 【随堂检测】 阅读填空（根据课文内容完成表格） Parts Time Events Before the middle of People in Britain all spoke a language called the 5th century 1 Between the 5th and 9th Two Germanic groupscenturies Saxons--invaded Britain. 2 and the
At the end of the 9th The Vikings, people from 3 such as century Denmark and Norway, invaded Britain and brought their languages. By the 10th century Old English was the official language of _ 4 . The Normans conquered England and took control of the country. The English language borrowed In 1066 many words from 5 ,which resulted in even more words with similar meanings.The 6 way of making words plural was used. By the latter half of English was used among all classes in England. the 14th century In 1399 Henry IV became King of England and used English for all 7 occasions. During the Modern English began, which includes many Renaissance in 16th 8 and 9 words. 10 also went century through huge changes during this period.
Modern English 课堂小结
（层次 A） Fill in the blanks with proper words according to the first letter provided. 1. Listen to the tape before you read the text. This will help you with p__________. 2. Do you know why water cannot be m_______ with oil? 3. With the d__________ of science and technology, it is not too difficult for humans beings to go and travel in space. 4. Society is m_______ up of people of widely different abilities. 5. Everyone knows that regular exercise and proper diet c________ to good health. 6. Chinese is the o_________ language of China. 7. Teachers will never be r_________ by computers in the classroom. 8. The e_________ village was destroyed by the earthquake. 9. The war has lasted four years. It will take quite a long time for the government to bring the country under c________. 10. Judging(判断） from his a__________,I think he comes from the south of China, maybe from Guangdong Province. （层次 B） Complete the following passage with proper words or phrases from the article on page 22 and 23 of the Student’s book. English is a language with many confusing (1)____________. This is because it has developed from some other languages (2)_________ history. Before the middle of the 5th century, people in (3)________ all spoke Celtic. Then three Germanic (4)________ invaded Britain, bringing in their own languages. Anglo-Saxon, the base of Old English, developed from (5)__________ these languages with Celtic. At the end of the 9th century, as a result of the invasion of the Vikings, a new language was (6) __________, which is what we now call Old English. By the 10 th century, Old English was the (7)_________ language of England. The language used from around the 12th century to the 16 century is called (8)________ English. Many factors (9)__________ to the development of this new type of English.French had an impact on the English Language, which resulted in many parts of (10)________ words in English, especially the words for animals and meat. (11)_________ English began during the Renaissance (文艺复兴）in the 16th century. Because of this, Modern English (12)___________ many Latin and Greek words. (13)___________ underwent huge changes during this period. However, this is not the end of the changes in English. It is (14)___________ that the changes will continue, and people will keep (15)_____________ new words and new way of saying things. · 纠错· 感悟：