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(A) As a student, I get so many assignments every day. I have to stay up late in order to finish all my homework. I used to complain about all this pressure (25) appreciate our teachers for their hard work. We only (26) teachers worked (28) school with my classmates. We did not (know) that we got a lot of homework. we knew that our

After a few months, we did not complain about homework anymore (27)

(hard) than we did. We had no right to complain. Sometimes, we said, ―I

didn‘t go to bed until 12:00 o‘clock last night. Now I just want to sleep.‖ Our teacher would answer us, ―I go to bed at 1:00 a.m. every day.‖ Since we knew how hard teachers work, we started to appreciate them. To give our thanks, we wrote a big card to the teachers (29) it was teachers‘ day. When they got our card, they (30) (touch) because their students finally knew the teachers‘ effort. After giving the card, I realized (31) powerful the sentence ―thank you‖ is. When we give our thanks to somebody, the world is full of love. I say ―thank you‖ to my friends, family, classmates, teachers, and even strangers. I like to see the smiles on their faces, so (32) (say) ―thank you‖ every day is the way I make the world a better place. (B) The year before last, a new superhero landed on Earth to live among humans. When people needed help, Thor became their defender and saved (33) played him — Chris Hemsworth. Hemsworth was born in Melbourne, Australia, in 1983. His family moved between Melbourne and the Northern Territory. In the Northern Territory, Hemsworth‘s parents worked on a cattle station. The work required the family (34) (live) two hours from the nearest big city. Since they had no TV, . They played outside, (36) (build) Hemsworth and his brothers learned to entertain (35) world. People loved Thor and the actor who

weapons and forts ( 堡垒 ). Later the family settled on Philip‘s Island south of Melbourne (37) Hemsworth enjoyed surfing. In 2012, Hemsworth played Thor again in the film The Avengers. He was one of a group of superheroes (38) (assemble) to save planet Earth. That film earned $1 billion worldwide in just 19 days! He also starred in (39) is called Snow White and the Huntsman. Audiences (40) ____ seem to get enough of him! A second Thor film, Thor 2, is due out in 2013.

(A) A friendly dog named Bonnie, who also happens to be deaf, is being praised by her owner for (25) _____(help) him catch a suspected intruder in their home. Dan Strasser said he heard Bonnie running around the living room at about 6 a.m. Saturday, so he got out of bed to see (26) _____ she was so excited. He said zhucanqi Bonnie didn‘t bark or bite like a guard dog, but (27) _____ she behaved was enough to alert him. When Strasser walked into the living room, he caught the intruder (28) _____(try) to steal his computer. The man took off, but instead of running out of the back door (29) _____ he came in, he accidentally ran into the garage and (30) _____(seize) there.


Strasser grabbed his gun and held the intruder in the garage while his girlfriend called 911. Police showed up and arrested the intruder, whom they later identified (31) _____ Thomas Lowell, who was accused in court Monday of burglary (入室行窃) and possession of drug. He is due back in court on Oct. 2nd. Strasser said Lowell got in through the back door, which he kept open at night so that Bonnie (32) _____ get into the backyard. He plans to keep it (33) _____(lock) from now on. (B) The first-ever American Laughing Championship is taking place in San Diego. The contest is the first national championship in the US, (34) _____ Canadian filmmaker, Albert Nerenberg, has previously organized national laughing contests in Canada and Japan and a state championship in California back in 2010. The contest requires the chosen laughers to face off against each other as the audience determines who has (35) _____(attractive) laugh. Daunte Reed is one of about twelve people competing in the contest. He is hoping to be a winner of the title of top laugher. ―I‘ve been told I have (36) _____ attractive laugh. (37) _____ doesn‘t take much to make me laugh,‖ Reed said. The contest includes the belly laugh, the crazy laugh and the diabolical (魔鬼般的) laugh. The last one is the most challenging, according to Nerenberg, who said the goal is (38) _____(make) the audience laugh with your laugh. The solo (单独的) laughing requires a pfzhizuo good voice. However, the other laugh styles require someone to get the audience laughing; a good diabolical laugh requires the laugher to infect himself and start laughing naturally,‖ he explained. ―The person who wins isn‘t always the best, but the top three people are always the best. It is more joy (39) _____ these people bring to the world. They tend to be happy types. We (40) _____(never have) a sad person win so far,‖ he added.

(A) When I was young I wanted to be a model, so when a national contest was nearby, I convinced my parents to take me or an (试演). I (25)______ (select) and told I had potential. I imagined (26)______ (sign) by some amous model companies. or months, any boredom or disappointment I aced was pushed aside because I knew I ______ (27)(have) the chance to be a real model soon. Of course, I wasn‘t signed, but (28) ______ hurt the most was being told that if I grew to 1.75 meters, I could be a success. I prayed or a growth (冲刺) because I didn‘t want to give up my dream. Then I made an appointment with a local modeling agency. The agency sent me out on a few auditions but with every day I did not receive a call, I grew more (29) ______ (depress). The final straw came in July (30) ______ I had decided to ocus on commercial modeling. There was an open call in New York City. We spent hours driving, only to be told that I was too short. Years later, I realize that the trip to New York was good as (31)______ made me notice I didn‘t actually love modeling, just the idea of it. I wanted to be special and I was naively determined (32)______(reach) an impossible goal. The experience has made me stronger and that will help me in the future. (B)

The cold came a little bit earlier this winter. The weather has been harsh and unorgiving. Beijing witnessed the (33)______ (early) snowall since the 1950s on Nov 3. Temperatures in many parts of China have hit record lows, with Inner Mongolia suering rom a killer cold of ?40℃. Cold weather also brought heavy snowstorms (34)______ the US, Russia and Europe, (35)______ (cause) deaths and orcing highways to shut down. You may not think they are related in any possible way, but scientists say that the extreme cold started in the North Pole, where the sea ice is melting rapidly(36) ______ the burning of fossil fuels. This summer, the National Snow and Ice Data Center in the US announced that the sea ice coverage in(37) ______ Arctic had reached its lowest level – with less than half of the coverage it had our decades ago. Large amounts of sea ice loss could change (38)______ air circulates in the atmosphere. At the same time, melting sea ice also releases more ocean water, which results in increased water vapor in the atmosphere that (39)______ be transormed into snow. Also, the attack of the cold came quickly and without a break this year. This let no time or the temperature to revive (回升), (40)______ caused the cold to accumulate.

(A) To be a successful speaker is no easy thing. It is essential for you to know why you are speaking and 25 you wish to accomplish by your speech. The four most common purposes of speech are to inform, to convince, to move to action, and to entertain. Do you, like a teacher or an expert in a field, w i s h t o i l l u s t r a t e y o u r i d e a s i n d e t a i l t o p e o p l e u n f a mi l i a r w i t h yo u r s u b j e c t 26 they can understand your ideas clearly and thoroughly? Or, like a debater, wish to convince the 27 be proper judges or the audience? Or, like a fund collector for a naturalist foundation, wish to get money? Or, like a comedian or after-dinner speaker, wish to entertain? The language and tone you use quite different language, tone and manner from information Furthermore, 30 29 28 for your purpose, for your audience, and for the occasion. A speech to the graduating class will have (deliver) to a group of your friends. talented the speaker is, a talk without enough preparation is usually 31 (be) definite

failure. To speak without preparing is to shoot without taking aim. Decide what your aim or

objective is; then state it in a complete topic sentence. Make sure that your subject and not too broad. zhucanqi (B)

DC Hilton was one of the first Americans to find out that there was money to be made in the middle of the night. 47 years ago he bought a small restaurant on US highway 69, in Oklahoma. His main customers were truck drivers and traveling salesmen who drank coffee and ate cheeseburgers when they stopped 32 (break) their journey. 33 first tried to persuade Hilton to remain open all night. 34 (think) about it It was they

for a while, he suddenly made up his mind. He took the door key and threw it across the road. He hasn‘t closed the door ever since. Over the years his simple burger caféhas been expanded self-help laundry. Hilton was a pioneer in a 24-hour working trend, 36 has now caught on around the world. Today not only restaurants but also banks, supermarkets, mail-order firms, travel agencies and many


a 24-hour roadside empire, with

a 100-seat restaurant, a petrol station, a mini shopping market, a car park for mobile homes and all-night

other businesses are beginning to be open all night. But is this really a good thing? So far, a lot of research sleeping 20% less than 38 37 (do) in America on the effect of 24-hour working, and there is growing concern about the long-term dangers of a society that doesn‘t sleep. Americans are said to be did 100 years ago, and 55% claim to suffer at least occasionally from 39 (bad) man-made disasters happened in the last few hours before over-tiredness. Several of the 40 (stay) awake.

dawn, when even the most experienced night -worker has difficulty

(A) ―Come in, Kim. Have a seat, please,‖ said Bill Williams, the manager. This was Kim‘s first experience with an assessment. After only six months he was due for a raise (25) _____ this assessment was satisfactory. ―Kim,‖ began Bill Williams, ―I am very pleased with the quality of your work. My only concern is that you are not active enough in (26) _____ (put) forward your suggestions.‖ ―But,‖ replied Kim, ―I have always completed every assignment you (27) _____ (give) me, Mr. Williams.‖ ―I know that, Kim. And please, call me Bill. But (28) _____ I expect is for you to think independently and introduce new ideas. It is more input from you (29) _____ I need – more feedback on how things are going. I don‘t need a ?yes man‘. You just smile (30) ______ _____ everything is fine. I‘m not asking you to tell me what to do, but what you think we (31) _____ do. To make suggestions, I employed you because I respect your experience in this field.‖ ―Yes, I see. I‘m not accustomed to this, but I will try to do as you say… Bill.‖ ―Good, then, I expect (32) _____ (hear) more from you at staff meetings or at any other time you want to discuss an idea with me.‖ ―Yes, of course. Thank you, Mr. Will… Bill.‖ (B) I was the middle child of the three, but there was a gap of five years on either side, and I hardly saw my father before I was eight. For this and (33) _____ reasons I was somewhat lonely. I had the lonely child‘s habit of making up stories, and I think from the very start my literary ambitions (34) _____ (mix) up with the feeling of being isolated. I knew that I had a natural ability with words, and I felt that this created a sort of private world where I could get my own back for my failure in everyday life. However, the quantity of serious writing which I produced all (35) _____ my childhood would not add up to half a dozen pages. I wrote my first poem at the age of four or five, my mother (36) _____ (take) it down to dictation. I cannot remember anything about it except that it was about a tiger and (37) _____ tiger had ―chair-like teeth‖— a good enough expression. At eleven, when the war of 1914-18 broke out, I wrote a poem (38) _____ (print) in the local newspaper later. From time to time, when I was a bit (39) _____ (old), I wrote bad and usually unfinished ―nature poems‖. I also, about twice, attempted a short story (40) _____ was a failure. That was the total of the would-be serious work that I actually set down on paper during all those years.


A Every summer, Penny travels to a family reunion barbeque. Penny is never excited, and this year is no different. She is afraid of the drive. She does not like talking to her relatives. And she does not like the smell of hamburgers. (Penny is a vegetarian.) (25) ______ Penny arrives, she sees lots of familiar faces. It is July and Uncle Vernon (26) ______ (wear) a sweater. Uncle Vernon is always cold. It‘s very mysterious. She sees her cousin Polly. Polly has six children. The youngest one screams. Then the oldest one screams. Polly‘s children are always screaming. She sees many of her other cousins in the field (27) ______ (play) softball. They play a softball game every year, (28) ______ always ends up in a big argument. Penny wonders, again, why they never solve it. Then Penny sees an incredibly handsome man. She stares at him. He catches her staring. He smiles and walks (29) ______ to her. Penny is very nervous. She is nervous because a handsome man is walking to her and she is nervous because this handsome man might be her cousin. The man sticks out his hand, (30)_____ (say), ―Hi, I‘m Paul.‖ ―Hi, I‘m Penny,‖ Penny says. ―Are we related?‖ Paul laughs. ―No, we are not related. I am Vernon‘s nurse. He is sick and needs (31) _____ (keep) me close by. But he did not want to miss this barbeque!‖ ―Oh, thank goodness,‖ Penny says and then blushes. Penny always blushes when she is nervous, embarrassed, or hot, and right now she is all three. Handsome Paul laughs and says, ―Would you like to go get a hamburger with me? (32) ______ smell delicious.‖ Penny smiles, ―Sure. I love hamburgers!‖ B Beware first-class travelers! Passengers sitting in the rear of a plane have the best chance of survival in an event of a crash, an extraordinary and costly aviation(航空,飞行)experiment ever (33) ______ (conduct) has revealed. In a unique aviation experiment recently, the 170-seat-Boeing 727 was made(34)_____ _____ (crash) in a controlled manner in a remote part of Mexico‘s Sonoran Desert. After pilot James Slocum jumped out of the plane at 2,500ft, the jet(35)______ (guide) into the ground by a pilot in a following Cessna via a remote-control device, the reporters reported. On board of the jet were three advanced crash-test dummies(假人)designed to move (36)_____ humans. They were arranged in three positions: one in the classic brace and wearing a seat-belt; one belted but not in the brace position; and one(37)______ belted nor in the brace. After the jet hit the ground nose-first, experts found that the dummy in the brace position would have survived the impact, (38) ______ one not in the brace would have suffered serious head injuries, and the dummy not wearing a seat-belt would have ―died‖. Using this, experts predicted that 78 percent of passengers on board would have survived the impact,(39)______ all the first-class travelers would have died because the front of the fuselage(机

身) broke apart when the plane comes down nose first. Those sitting at the back would have had the (40) ______ (good) chance of survival.

―Fire! Fire!‖ What terrible words to hear when one wakes up in a strange house in the middle of the night! It was a large, old, wooden house and my room was on the top floor. I jumped out of bed, opened the door and stepped outside the house. There was full of thick smoke. I began to run, but as I was still only half-awake, ____25___ ________ going towards the stairs,I went in the opposite direction. The smoke grew___26____ (thick) and I could see fire all around. The floor became hot under my bare feet. I found an open door and ran into a room to get to the window. But ____27___I could reach it, one of my feet caught in something soft and I fell down. The thing I had fallen over felt like a bundle of clothes, and I picked it up ___28___ (protect) my face from the smoke and heat. Just then the floor gave way under me and I crashed to the floor below with pieces of ____29__ (burn) wood all around me. As I reached the cold air outside, my bundle of clothes gave a thin cry. I nearly dropped ___30___ in my surprise. Then I was in a crowd gathered in the street. A woman in ___31__ night dress and a borrowed man‘s coat screamed as she saw me and _____32______(come) running madly. She was the Mayor‘s wife, and I had saved her baby.

Today, roller skating is easy and fun.But a long time ago, it wasn‘t easy at all. Before 1750, the idea of skating didn‘t exist. That changed because of a man___33_____(name)Joseph Merlin. One day Merlin received an invitation to attend a fancy dress ball. He was very pleased and a little excited. ___34___ the day of the party came near, Merlin began to think ___35____ to make a grand entrance at the party. He had an idea. He thought he____36____(get) a lot of attention if he could skate into the room. Merlin tried different ways to make himself ___37___(roll). Finally, he decided to put two wheels under each shoe. These were the first roller skates. Merlin was very proud of his invention and dreamed of arriving at the party___38____ wheels while playing the violin. On the night of the party Merlin rolled into the room playing his violin. Everyone___39____ (amaze) to see him. There was just one problem. Merlin had no way to stop his roller skates. He rolled on and on. Suddenly, he ran into a huge mirror___40___ was hanging on the wall. Down fell the mirror, breaking to pieces. Nobody forgot Merlin‘s grand entrance for a long time!

(A) Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia, on August 27, 1910. She attended the government school near her home until she was eighteen. At that time, some doctors and nurses from Yugoslavia were working in India, and they often (25)_______(write) to the school about their work. She decided to join them one day. When she left school, she first went to Britain. Then a year later she went to India, where she

began(26)_______(train)to be a teacher. After training, she was sent to Calcutta, (27)_______she taught geography at a school and soon after became headmistress. However, (28)_______she loved teaching, in 1946 Mother Teresa left the school and went to work in the poor parts of Calcutta. Later she was trained to become a nurse in Patna, and then began her work helping the poor and comforting the dying in the streets of the city. Slowly, (29)_______ came to help her, and her work spread to other parts of India. Mother Teresa is now a well-known person. Many photos (30)_______ (take) of her, (31)_______ she travels around the world to open new schools and hospitals in poor countries. In 1979, she was given the Nobel Prize for the lifetime of love and service she has given to the poor. (B) On any collecting trip, obtaining the animals is, as a rule, the simplest part of the job. As soon as the local people discover that you are willing to buy live wild creatures, the stuff comes (32)_______ (pour) in; ninety percent is, of course, the more common types, but they do bring (33)_______occasional rarity. If you want the really rare stuff, you generally have to go out and find it yourself. The chief difficulty you have when you have got a newly (34)______ (catch) animal is not so much the shock it might be suffering, but the fact (35)_______being caught forces it to exist close to a creature it regards as an enemy of the (36)_______ (bad) possible sort: yourself. On many occasions an animal may take beautifully to being in a cage but (37)_______ (get) used to the idea of living with people is another matter. This is the difficulty you (38)_______only deal with by patience and kindness. For month after month an animal may try to bite you every time you approach its cage, (39)_______you despair of ever making a favorable impression on it. Then, one day, sometimes without any preliminary warning, it will trot forward and take food from your hand, or allow you to tickle it behind the ears. (40)_______ such moments you feel that all the waiting in the world was worthwhile.

(A) Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero? (25)______ immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people. A hero does something worth (26) ______ (talk) about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame. Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage (高电压) transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down (27) ______ ______ it can be used by ordinary people. The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero (28) ______ (experience) life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? (29) ______ the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, (30) ______ who would claim that their fans find life more abundant? Heroes are catalysts (催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the

skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India (31) ______ still be part of the British Empire. (32) ______ may be possible for large-scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless. (B) When young people get their real jobs, they may face a lot of new, confusing situation. They may find that everything is different from the way things (33) ______ (be) at school. It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable in both professional and social situations. Eventually, they realize that university classes can‘t be the only preparation for all of the different situations (34) ______ appear in the working world. Perhaps the best way (35) ______ (learn) how to behave in the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior. In doing so, you‘ll be able to see what it is (36) ______ you admire in this person. For example, you will observe how he acts when he is in trouble. Perhaps even (37) ______ (important), you will be able to see what his approach to everyday situations (38) ______ (be). While you are observing your colleague, you should be asking yourself whether his behavior is like (39) ______ and how you can learn from his response to different situations. By (40) ______ (learn) from a model, you will probably begin to identify and learn good working habits.


Alan and Linda always dreamed of living “the good life”. Both from poor working-class families, they married young and set out to fulfil their mutual goal of becoming wealthy. They both worked very hard for years. ____25____ (earn) enough money, they finally could move from their two-bedroom home to a seven-bedroom home in a rich neighbourhood. They focused their energies on trying to have ____26____ they considered important for a good life: membership in the local country club, luxury cars, designer clothing, and high-class society friends. ____27____ much they earned, it never seemed to be enough. They were unable to remove the financial insecurity that ____28____ (acquire) in childhood. Then the stock market crashed in 1987, and Alan and Linda lost a considerable amount of money. Alan also suffered from heart attack, ____29____ cost the family much. One thing led to ____30____, and they found themselves in a financial disaster. Their house needed to be sold, and eventually they lost the country club membership and the cars. It was several years ____31____ Alan and Linda managed to land on their feet, and though they now live a life far from wealthy, they have learned a valuable lesson from their lives and felt quite blessed. Only now, as they think of what ____32____ (remain) — a solid, loving marriage, a dependable income, and good friends — do they realize that true abundance comes not from gathering fortunes, but rather from appreciating.

We all hope to enjoy harmonious relationships with our parents. In real life, however, this is not always possible. The poem “Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden expresses the speaker’s regret over the way the speaker, when he was young, ____33____ (treat) his father. It is only when he looks back on how he has grown up ____34____ he begins to understand his father’s unselfish love. In remembering the small things his father did ____35____ him and his family, such as lighting a fire in the morning and polishing his shoes, the speaker begins to understand an aspect of parental love that escaped ____36____ notice in the past.

As he recalls how his father warmed the house, the speaker ’s coldness toward his father starts to melt away. In its place is love and gratitude. It dawns on him that love is not just hugging and kissing, or always warm and affectionate, but ____37____ well be cold and stern in appearance. In fact, mature love often requires self-discipline and self-sacrifice. During our stressful teen years, we may find that our parents, especially our fathers, have difficulty____38____ (show) their love for us verbally — sometimes when we need it most. This is certainly very discouraging. However, if we remember ____39____ (be) grateful or not so self-centered, we will see that their love has always been there, only ____40____ (express) in ways different from what we may have expected.

(A) Last August Susan and forty-two other students got wet and dirty while removing six tons of garbage (25)_____ the river running across their city. (26)_____ cleaned up the river as part of a weeklong environmental camp. Like one in three American rivers, this river is so polluted that it‘s unsafe for swimming or fishing. Still, Susan, (27)_____ has just completed her third summer camp on the river cleanup, sees a change in this river. ―Since we started three years ago, the river is getting a lot (28)_____(clean),‖ she says. Environmental scientists praise the teenagers for removing garbage (29)_____ can harm wild life. Water birds, for example, can die of plastic bottle rings and get cut by tiny metals. Three years ago, when the cleanup started, garbage was everywhere. But this year the teenagers can row their boats fast. By the end of the six-hour cleanup, they (30)_____(remove) enough garbage to fill more than two large trucks. ―(31)_____(see) all that garbage in the river makes people begin to care about environmental issues,‖ Susan says. She hopes that when others read that, she and her peers care enough (32)_____(clean) it up, maybe they would think twice before they throw garbage into the river.

(B) Dave Fuss lost his job (33)_____(drive) a truck for a small company in west Michigan. His wife, Gerrie, was still working in the local school cafeteria, and the price of everything was rising. The Fusses were at risk of joining the millions of Americans who have lost their homes in recent years. Then Dave and Gerrie received a timely gift---$7,000,a legacy (遗产) from their neighbors Ish and Arlene Hatch, who died in (34)_____ accident. ―It really made a difference (35)_____ we were going under financially.‖ says Dave. But the Fusses weren‘t the only folks in Alto and the neighboring town of Lowell to receive unexpected legacy from the Hatches. Dozens of other families (36)_____(touch) by the Hatches‘ generosity. In some cases, it was a few thousand dollars; in others, it was more than $100,000. It surprised nearly everyone that the Hatches had so much money, more than $ 3million—they were an elderly couple who lived in an old house on (37)_____ was left of the family farm. (38)_____ _____ the financial crisis, Ish and Arlene developed the habit of saving. They were fond of comparison shopping and would routinely go from store to store, (39)_____(check) prices before making a new purchase. Through the years, the Hatches paid for local children to attend summer camp when their parents

(40)_____ not afford it. ―Ish and Arlene never asked whether you needed anything,‖ says their friend Sand Van Weelden, ―They could see the things they could do to make you happier, and they would do them.‖

(A) I hated dinner parties. But I decided (25)__________ (give) them another try because I‘m in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because (26)__________ dinner parties in London are very different from those in New York. In New York, ―I‘m having a dinner party‖ means ―I‘m booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you (27)__________ hardly afford and we‘ll be sharing the check evenly, (28)__________ you eat.‖ Worse, in Manhattan, there is always someone who (29)__________ (leave) before the bill arrives. They‘ll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don‘t drink, end up (30)__________ (pay) even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: ―Where are you going?‖ And it‘s not like that I can‘t say I have somewhere to go: everyone knows I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people‘s homes. Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India, Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations. In New York, the mix is like a gathering at Bloomingdale‘s, a well-known department store. Personally, I think dinner parties in London are (31)__________ (impressive) than this. For New Yorkers, talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn (District) and Queens (District) in New York. But at Mallery‘s, when I said that I (32) __________ (be) to Myanmar recently, people knew where it was. In New York people would think it was a usual new club. (B) Several factors led to my recent car accident. First of all, a heavy snow and freezing rain that had fallen the day before made the road I was driving on dangerous. The road had been cleared, (33)__________ it was still dangerously icy. Despite the slippery road, I was stupidly going along (34)__________ about 50 miles an hour, instead of driving more cautiously. Another factor was a dirty green van that suddenly pulled onto the road from a small crossroad of the street about fifty yards ahead of me. The road (35)__________ (cover) with a sheet of ice at that point and if I applied my brakes, I would steer into the van. So I carefully drove my car into the next lane, and though the rear (后部) of my car began skidding back and forth, for a moment I got the idea (36)__________ everything was OK as I drove past the slow-moving van. Unfortunately, the rear of my Volkswagen was heavy (37)__________ the engine was there and also because there was a new weight-lifting set (38)__________ (lay) in the back seat, the result of (39)__________ was that after I passed the van, my car turned completely around on the slippery road. I was desperately sliding down the highway backwards at 50 miles an hour. Then I slid off the road, (40)__________ (hit) a wooden fence post. My left rear taillight was broken in the process. Then I suddenly saw a telephone pole about only 6 feet to the right of me, and I realized my accident could have really been a disaster.


English is (25) ________ (widely) used language in the history of our planet. One in every seven human beings (26) ________ speak it. More than half of the world‘s books and three quarters of international mail are in English. Of all languages, English has the largest vocabulary — perhaps as many as two million words. However, let‘s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in (27) ________ eggplant, neither pine nor apple in a pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweet-meats are candy, while sweetbreads, (28) ________ aren‘t sweet, are meat. We take English (29) _______ granted. But when we explore its paradoxes (矛盾), we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square, public bathrooms have no baths in them. And why is it (30) ________ a writer writes, but fingers don‘t fing, grocers don‘t groce, and hammers don‘t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn‘t the plural of booth be beeth? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next? So far English, (31) ________ (invent) by people not computers, (32) ________ (reflect) the creativity of human beings. (B) The (33) ________ (ring) bell indicated the end of the last class on Friday afternoon. Students swarmed out of the classrooms and headed back to their dormitories. Only Xiao Di headed to another classroom. ―Go ahead and have dinner. Don‘t wait for me,‖ the 20-year-old told her friends. ―I have to get to a good seat for my minor subject.‖ Like Xiao, many students are signing up for minor subjects in their spare time. (34) ________ the reasons are different, they all believe that taking a minor subject is a rewarding experience. Li Keren, 22, is a senior who (35) ________ (involve) in finance at Tianjin University of Finance & Economics now. He enrolled in international finance as his minor subject and managed to stay on top in (36) ________ of his major and minor subjects. ―Different from most students, I pay equal attention to my major and minor subject,‖ he says. He thinks that students have signed up for minor subjects (37) ________ they have the energy and time to do so. The disadvantage of (38) ________ (pay) less attention to a minor subject, according to Li, is (39) ________ students may not get a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Therefore, what students should do is (40) ________ (devote) the same energy and time to their major subject as before, while sacrificing their spare time to work on their minor subject. ―Considering your future, it‘s a worthwhile effort,‖ he says.

(A) Gordon was hungry. He opened the refrigerator, 25_____ there used to be much food before his wife left him. There must be 26_____ in here to eat, he thought. Now, however, there was a single hot dog. After 27_____ (take) it out of its package, he put a small frying pan onto the stove‘s gas burner. He turned on the heat. Then he poured a little bit of vegetable oil into the pan. He sliced the hot dog in half lengthwise. 28_____ the oil got hot, he put the two halves in the pan. About 29_____ minute later, he flipped each half over. After another minute, he took the hot dog out of the pan. Gordon put two slices of bread into the toaster. This was tasty and healthy bread. The first

ingredient 30_____ (list) was organic sprouted wheat. The first ingredient in ordinary bread is usually unbleached flour. When the toast popped up, he put mustard, mayonnaise, and ketchup on one slice. Then he added two slices of onion. 31_____ top of the onions, he placed the hot dog. On top of the hot dog, he put a couple of slices of apple. Then he added some bits of hot green chile, and then put the top piece of toast onto the chile bits. Ahh, 32_____ a sandwich, he thought, as he sat down 33_____ (eat).

(B) Sara needed to see the doctor. She had an upset stomach. She felt bloated, and needed to pass gas every minute or so. This was terrible. She 34_____ hardly go anywhere in public. Her friends told her it was 35_____ she had moved to America. The air, water, and food in America weren't agreeing with her. They said she would have to return to her home country. "No way," Sara said. She didn't want to go home. She liked America. This was a minor problem, she was sure. Any good doctor would solve it in no time. Two days later, she saw her doctor. He asked her if she drank milk. She said yes, three glasses a day. "Don't drink any 36_____ (much) regular milk. Start drinking lactose-free milk, because lactose can upset your stomach." Then he asked her 37_____ there were any big problems in her life. She said that her boyfriend was a big problem. He wanted to get married, 38_____ she didn't. The doctor said that she should break up with her boyfriend and find 39_____. "Why?" Sara asked. "Because your boyfriend 40_____ (give) you too much stress. He is probably the main cause of your upset stomach." "I don't think my boyfriend is going to like that." "Just tell him if he really loves you, he should leave you."

(A) The problem with much mobile technology is that it‘s not really designed to be used while you‘re actually mobile. The human brain can only pay attention to about three things at a time – and concentrate effectively on just one of them. Even though the consequences of smartphone distraction (注 意力分散)are sometimes (25) _____ (amuse), they can also be serious. The number of children (26) _____ (admit) to hospitals after accidents in public playgrounds (27) _____ (climb) by about a third in five years, according to NHS data. Experts in both Britain and the US, (28) _____ a similar rise has occurred suggest some of the increase may be a result of parents being too distracted by their phones (29) _____ (take) care of their children properly. And now comes evidence showing that 11-year-old children are three times more likely to be hurt or seriously injured on the way to and from school than 10-year-olds, since 11 is the average age at which children receive their first mobile phone, six times more likely (30) _____ (send) a text when it happens. (31) _____ quarter of children surveyed admitted that they had been distracted by personal technology while crossing the road. ―There is,‖ the report concluded, ―a clear connection (32) _____ the

use of technology and the time of serious accidents with children.‖ (B) Self care is necessary for our physical and mental health, yet often it‘s the first thing we drop when we find ourselves (33) _____ (stretch) for time. While we‘re on the subject of time, let‘s talk about priorities. When we feel like we don‘t have time to do something important, it is (34) _____ because we‘re not making time or because our priorities are not what we actually need. Everything we do with our time is a choice. It (35) _____ feel like we ―have to‖ do certain things, but, in reality, we have complete control over (36) _____ we spend our time. (37) _____ _____ _____ busy you are, you can fit self care into your schedule. Whether this means making it the first thing you do each morning, giving up TV or Facebook time, saying ―no‖ to certain commitments, or potentially displeasing (38) _____, you can fit self care into your weekly routine (39) _____ _____ _____ you prioritize(优先考虑). Self care doesn‘t have to involve a lot of money, nor does it require a lot of time. If you (40)_____ (struggle) to fit self care into your routine, start small, prioritize, and listen to your heart.

(A) Roald Dahl, the famous children‘s book writer, was born to Harold and Sofie Dahl on 13 September 1916. He was named (25)______ the explorer, Roald Amundsen, their national hero in Norway of that time. P.F. Productions In 1920, when Dahl was four, his father died at the age of fifty seven. Instead of (26)______(move) back to Norway to live with her relatives, his mother decided to remain in Britain. It had been her husband‘s wish to have their children (27)______(educate) in the best school in the world. At the age of eight, Dahl and four of his friends (28)______(beat) by the headmaster after playing a practical joke on a candy store owner. Throughout his childhood, Dahl was sent to several boarding schools. He wrote to his mother almost every day (29)______ ______homesickness. On (30) ______ day when she died, he realized that she had saved every single one of his letters. Young Dahl used to dream of inventing a chocolate bar (31)______ would win the praise of the owner of the chocolate company, Cadbury. This later became the inspiration for the (32) ______(hot) of all his books -Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. It was the book that finally brought him world fame. (B) To many Singaporeans, Mr. Lee Kong Chian is a familiar name. Popularly known as the ―Rubber and Pineapple King‖, he was a person who had donated generously to the society by pouring his wealth into charity work. Knowing (33)______ education means to a person, he devoted a lot of energy and money to (34)______(build) schools. He was particularly concerned with the less fortunate as he could relate himself to them. Although Lee‘s father knew Lee (35)______ receive education, his father wasn‘t able to afford to send him to school. However, his father ‘s friends helped him pay for his education. Having left school as an honour student, he went to work in the field of rubber and pineapple (36)______ he set up

his own business later. Thanks to the golden timing then, he had hardly got familiar with the dealings in the field (37)_____ he enjoyed great success. His wealth rose rapidly and before long he became a millionaire. (38)______ wealthy he was, he never forgot his humble beginnings and was always ready (39)______(help). Since 1952 till today, the Lee Foundation which he founded (40)______(donate) three hundred million dollars to various causes with no conditions attached. His generosity has provided relief to the poor of all races.

(A) One day I heard two girls talking about making net friends in a café . One said that she (25) ______ (meet) one of her net friends and the other told her not to because most people found their net friends (26) ______ (disappoint) in real life. We all know it is quite common now that many teenagers, especially (27) ______ from one-child families, like to make net friends and spend lots of time chatting with them because they need someone to talk with and share their sorrow and happiness. However, is it wise for them to do so? In my opinion, it is possible for you to find some real good friends with the help of new technology but you (28) ______ ______ take care. When you talk with someone unknown on the Internet, you have no idea at all what kind of person he is and (29) ______ he is telling you the truth. Besides we can‘t deny that some bad guys mask themselves very well so that they can get many nice people (30) ______ (trap). So, you‘re taking the risk of meeting your net friends (31) ______ you get any idea about him. In a word, you can never be too careful when meeting your net friends. (B) Perhaps one aspect of modern life which is most often considered ?annoying‘ is noise. According to some estimates, the amount of urban noise (32) ______ (double) in the past ten years, and with the increase in road and air traffic, noise is likely to increase too. Noise quite clearly affects the health of modern man. It is a health threat. Loud noise (33) ______ (say) to be a leading cause of deafness among many people over 65. It is also a major (34) ______ (contribute) factor in causing stress, (35) ______ itself causes a variety of illnesses. Noise is sometimes associated with lack of communication in the modern world. In many busy shops, factories and nightclubs, (36) ______ level and constancy of noise make conversation at a natural level difficult or impossible. Certain people in society, such as motorcyclists, seem to believe they have a right (37) ______ (make) as much noise as they like without being fined. Do they? We are so trained to noise in this modern world (38) ______ people growing up with little (39) ______ no experience of genuine peace and quiet have begun to associate silence with boredom. Isn‘t it time for us to start teaching young people that silence is golden and that you can do a lot of interesting things (40) ______ the accompaniment of noise?


各区语法答案集锦 宝山区
25. from 26. knew 27. because 28. harder 29. when 30. were touched 31. how 32. saying 33. the 34. to live 35. themselves 36. building 37. where 38. assembled 39. what 40. can‘t

25. helping/having helped 30. was seized 35. the most attractive 40. have never had 26. why 31. as 36. an 27. how 32. could 37. It 28. trying 33. locked 38. to make 29. where 34. although 39. that

25. was selected 26. being signed 27. would have 28. what 29. depressed 30. after 31. it 32. to reach 33. earliest 34. to 35. causing 36. because of 37. the 26. 38. how 39. can 40. which

25. what 30. a 35. into 40. staying 26. so that 31. is 36. which 27. must 32. to break 28. delivered 33. who/that 29. however 34.Having thought 39. worst

37. has been done 38. they

25. if 26. putting 27. have given / gave 31. can / must / should / could 35. through 39. older / give 28. what 29. that 33.other 37. the 30. as though / as if 34. were mixed 38. printed 32. to hear 36. taking 40. which / that

25. When 26. is wearing 27. playing 28. which 29. over/up 30. saying 31. to keep 32. They 33. conducted 34. to crash 35. was guided 37. neither 38. the 39. but 40. best

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A 25. instead of 29. burning 33. named 37. roll

26. thicker 30. it 34. As 38. on

27. before 31. a 35. how 39. was amazed

28. to protect 32. came 36. would get 40. which/ that

25. wrote 26. to be trained 27. where 30. have been taken 31. as/when 32. pouring 33. an 34. caught 38. can 39. until 40. At 28. although/though 29. others 35. that 36. worst 37, getting

25. Despite 29. If 33. were 37. more important 26.talking 30. but 34. that / which / will be 27. so that 31. might / would 35. to learn 39. yours 28. experience 32. It 36. that 40. learning


25. from 30. had removed 35. when 39. checking 26. They 31. Seeing 36. were touched 40. could 27. who 32. to clean 37. what 28. cleaner 33. driving 29. that/ which 34. an

38. Because of/ Owing to/ Due to

(A) 25. to give 30. paying 26. the 27. can 31. more impressive 28. whatever 32. had been 29. leaves/has left

(B) 33. but 34. at 35. was covered 39. which 40. hitting

36. that

37. because

38. laid


(A) 27. an 28. which 32. has reflected/has been reflecting (B) 35. is involved 39. that 36. both 40. to devote

25. the most widely 26. can 31. invented 33. ringing 37. because 34. Though 38. paying

29.for 30. that

(A) 25. where 27. something 28. taking 29. When/After 30. a/one 31. listed On 33. what 34. to eat (B) 35. could 36. because 37. more 37. if 38. but 39. another 40. is giving 32.

25. amusing 29. to take 33. stretched 37. No matter how 26. admitted 30. to be sending 34. either 38. others 27. has climbed 31. A 35. might 39. as long as 28. where 32. between 36. how 40. are struggling

25. after 26. moving 27. educated 28. were beaten 29. because of 30. the 31. that/which 32. hottest 33. what 34. building 35. must 36. where 37. when 38. However 39. to help 40. has donated

25. would meet/ was going to meet 26. disappointing 27. those 29. whether/ if 30. trapped 31. before/ unless 33. is said 34. contributing 35. which 37. to make 38. that 39. or 28. have to/ ought to 32. has doubled 36. the 40. without






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