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2016-2017年南方新课堂·高考英语二轮复习测试:专题三训练6夹叙夹议(一) Word版含解析


专题三 训练 6

完形填空 夹叙夹议(一)

A(导学号 59430094) All you will leave behind for the world to remember is your legacy (遗产),but what legacy will you leave? I had a philosophy (哲学) professor,whose untidy appearance was highlighted ( 突出 ) by a __1__ sports coat and ill - fitting

thick glasses,which often __2__ on the tip of his nose.Every now and then, as most philosophy professors do, he would go off on one of those hard-to-understand “what's the meaning of __3__”

discussions.Many of those discussions went __4__,but there were a few that really hit home (切中要害).This was one of them. “__5__ to the following questions by a __6__of hands, ” my professor instructed. “ How many of you can tell me something about

your parents?” Everyone's hand __7__. “ How many of you can tell me something about your grandparents?” About three-fourths put up their hands. “How many of you can tell me something about your great- grandparents?” Two out of sixty students __8__ their hands. “ Look around the room , ” he said. “ In just two short generations __9__ any of us even know __10__ our own great

-grandparents were.Oh sure,maybe we have an old photograph in a musty ( 发霉的 ) cigar box.__11__ maybe we know the classic

family __12__ about how one of them walked five miles to school

barefoot.But how many of us __13__

know who they were,what

they thought,what they took pride in,what they were afraid of,or what they dreamed about? Think about that.Within three generations our ancestors are all but forgotten.Will this __14__ to you?” “Here's a better question.Look __15__ three generations.You are long __16__.Instead of you sitting in this room,now it's your great - grandchildren.What will they have to say __17__ you?

Will they know about you? Or will you be __18__,too?” “Is your life going to be a __19__ or an example? What legacy will you leave? The __20__ is yours.Class dismissed.” Nobody rose from their seats for five minutes. 【语篇解读】 本文是夹叙夹议文。 作者讲述了他的哲学教授给 他们上的一堂令人深思的哲学课。 1.A.well-designed C.well-ironed B.well-worn D.well-cut

解析: 他的不修边幅突出表现在他穿着一件“破旧的” 便服外套, 戴着一副非常不合适的厚眼镜。well-worn“穿旧了的”。 答案:B 2.A.ran C.rested B.stood D.lay

解析:眼镜经常“支在”鼻尖上。rest 意为“支撑在,托”。 答案:C 3.A.life C.work B.family D.study

解析:由全文可知,是开展关于人生(life)意义的讨论。

答案:A 4.A.somewhere C.everywhere B.anywhere D.nowhere

解析:很多这样的讨论都毫无结果(went nowhere)。 答案:D 5.A.Answer C.Contribute B.Respond D.Relate

解析:respond to 回答,符合语境。动词 answer 也有“回答” 的意思,但它是及物动词,接宾语时后面不需要加介词 to。 答案:B 6.A.show C.touch B.clap D.rub

解析: a show of hands 举手表决。根据下文尤其是第五段中 “About three-fourths put up their hands.”可知答案。 答案:A 7.A.went down C.went around B.went up D.went forward

解析:每个人的手都举了起来。 答案:B 8.A.rose C.raised B.arose D.aroused

解析:此处需要及物动词,故排除 rise(升起)和 arise(出现),因 为这两个词都为不及物动词。raise“举起”;arouse“唤起” 。根据 句意可知答案为 raised。 答案:C

9.A.almost C.no

B.nearly D.hardly

解析:hardly any=almost no“几乎不”。 答案:D 10.A.what C.which B.where D.who

解析: 由 13 空后的“know who they were”可知, 此处答案为 who。 答案:D 11.A.Or C.But B.And D.So

解析:根据前一句中的 maybe 及该句中的 maybe 可知此处表示 选择。 答案:A 12.A.history C.tree B.story D.song

解析: 根据后文, 如何光着脚走五英里去上学应该是一个关于曾 祖父或曾祖母的故事。 答案:B 13.A.simply C.generally B.roughly D.really

解析:此处表示强调,故选择 really。 答案:D 14.A.happen C.refer B.belong D.pass

解析:happen to sb“发生在某人身上”。

答案:A 15.A.back C.for B.ahead D.around

解析:根据后文,哲学老师让大家想象三代后,大家的子孙想起 自己时会说些什么,因此需要大家展望未来,故选择 ahead。 答案:B 16.A.ready C.gone B.alive D.lost

解析:gone 作形容词使用,表示“死了”。 答案:C 17.A.to C.behind B.for D.about

解析:根据语境可知,此处应表示“关于”。 答案:D 18.A.forgotten C.respected B.remembered D.scolded

解析:根据上文“Within three generations our ancestors are all but forgotten.”及后面的 too 可知,此处表示你是不是也会被他们忘 记。 答案:A 19.A.learning C.warning B.meaning D.turning

解析:or 连接意义相反的两个词,此处应该选择 warning,意思 上与 example 照应。 答案:C

20.A.way C.explanation

B.reason D.choice

解析: 根据上下文可知, 此处的意思是“选择的权利在你自己的 手中”。 答案:D B I felt very depressed the other day.The weather had been dark and rainy,and I just didn't feel so__1__. As I was sitting at my desk,I __2__ it was the birthday of a dear long-time friend—a single,middle-aged woman who has devoted the past 30 years to nursing and loving her __3__. Knowing that she didn't have family in town,I __4__ to give her a call.Sure enough, she was on her shift, __5__ to work late into the evening,and wouldn't have __6__ of a birthday this year.As __8__.

always, though, she __7__ cheerful and was happy that I After I hung up,I couldn't __9__

the feeling that she would

really appreciate a little attention on her special day.__10__ feeling a little depressed myself,I tried to put it out of my mind,but as the day passed, I couldn't shake the thought.I __11__ gave in, and set

off to the hospital with a card,a cheese cake,and some balloons that evening.My friend's grateful smile and joyful surprise me that I'd done the right thing,and they were a generous for the little effort it had taken. When I got home,I realized that not only had I cheered up a __14__ friend on her birthday, but my own negative feelings had also disappeared.Making her day had __15__ my own! Isn't that the __12__ __13__

way it is__16__we take the time and make the __17__ to do something for someone else? It's just like the saying , “ Loving kindness is twice blessed; it blesses him who gives,and him who __18__.” Cheering up people on their birthdays isn't the only thing we can do to make their day.Life constantly presents us with __19__ to take an extra step or do a kind deed that will make a difference to __20__.And the wonderful thing is that as we do,it changes things for the better for us too. 【语篇解读】 作者讲述了在自己心情不好的一天给一个从事护 士职业的朋友过生日而得到的感悟: 生活总是为我们提供机会, 让我 们多迈出一步或者做一件对别人有影响的善事。 1.A.special C.nervous B.positive D.scared

解析:根据空格前的 “I felt very depressed the other day.The weather had been dark and rainy”可知, “我”的心情不好,positive “乐观的”,符合语境。 答案:B 2.A.explained C.remembered B.complained D.informed

解析: 当“我”坐在书桌前的时候, 记起今天是一个朋友的生日。 故选 C 项。 答案:C 3.A.family C.work B.training D.school

解析: 根据空格前的 “who has devoted the past 30 years to

nursing”可知,她从事护士职业 30 年,说明她很喜欢自己的工作 (work)。故选 C 项。 答案:C 4.A.decided C.agreed B.continued D.refused

解析:根据语境可知,此处用 decided 表示“我决定给她打个电 话”。故选 A 项。 答案:A 5.A.surprised C.bored B.disappointed D.prepared

解析:根据前面的“Sure enough,she was on her shift”可知, 这是她的当班时间,她准备工作到晚上,故选 D 项。 答案:D 6.A.much C.little B.many D.few

解析:此处表示“不会有太多的时间过生日”。many 和 few 用 来修饰或替代可数名词,故排除;little 本身含有否定的意思,在此 处可排除;故选 much。 答案:A 7.A.sounded C.grew B.looked D.found

解析:“我”打电话给她,她听上去很高兴。故选 A 项。 答案:A 8.A.admitted C.succeeded B.called D.apologized

解析:参见上题解析。选 B 项。 答案:B 9.A.experience C.shake B.imagine D.understand

解析: 此处表示“我没法去除这种感觉”, 应用 shake, 表示“去 除,摆脱”。故选 C 项。 答案:C 10.A.Almost C.Never B.Even D.Still

解析: 此处用“Still”表明作者仍然感到沮丧, 与文章开头相呼应。 故选 D 项。 答案:D 11.A.luckily C.unhappily B.finally D.hardly

解析:“我”的心情沮丧, “我”尽力去清理掉这种心情,但是 经过一天的时间,还是没能摆脱,最终“我”屈服了。finally“最后, 终于”,故选 B 项。 答案:B 12.A.convinced C.promised B.advised D.reminded

解析:根据空格前面的“My friend's grateful smile and joyful surprise”和空格后面的“I'd done the right thing”可知, 朋友的神情让 “我”确信自己做对了。convince 意为“使确信”,符合语境。故选 A 项。 答案:A

13.A.response C.reward

B.contribution D.share

解析:她的笑容和惊喜使 “我”确信“我 ”做对了,这也是对 “我”慷慨的回报(reward)。故选 C 项。 答案:C 14.A.careless C.weak B.lonely D.curious

解析: 由前文的“a single, middle-aged woman”和“she didn't have family in town”可知,作者的朋友是孤独的。故选 B 项。 答案:B 15.A.troubled C.wasted B.taken D.made

解析:让这位孤独的朋友快乐的同时,又扫除了作者的沮丧,所 以说“Making her day had made my own”。故选 D 项。 答案:D 16.A.when C.why B.where D.how

解析: 从句子的结构和语境看此处应该用引导时间状语从句的连 词, 表示“当我们花费时间为别人努力做一些事情的时候”。 故选 A 项。 答案:A 17.A.suggestion C.effort B.money D.call

解析:参见上题解析。make the effort to do sth“努力做某事”。 答案:C

18.A.tries C.expects

B.receives D.cares

解析: 根据空格前的“gives”可知, 应用 receives 与 gives 相对应。 故选 B 项。 答案:B 19.A.opportunities C.choices B.dreams D.regrets

解析:生活总是为我们提供机会。opportunity 意为“机会”, 符合语境。故选 A 项。 答案:A 20.A.someone C.everyone B.something D.everything

解析: 生活总是为我们提供机会, 让我们多迈出一步或者做一件 对某人产生影响的善事。故选 A 项。 答案:A C(导学号 59430095) Someone has noted that their life and bank account both have something in common—they get out of them about as much as they put in.It __1__ I can get a great deal of joy out of life if I am __2__ about what I put into living. Gary Player for years was a great __3__ in national and international golf tournaments.People __4__ said to him, “I'd give anything if I could hit a golf ball like you.” Upon __5__ that comment one day , Player responded impatiently:“No,you wouldn't.Do you know __6__ you have to

do to hit a golf ball like me? You've got to __7__ at 5:00 every

morning,go out to the golf course,and hit a thousand balls! Your hands start __8__,and you walk to the clubhouse and wash the blood off your hands, put a bandage on it, and go out and hit __9__

thousand golf balls.That's what it __10__ to hit a golf ball like me!” His dream __13__ __11__ was to be at the top of his sport.That grand

__12__ practice , practice , and more practice.If your is to surpass (超过)the living—to give and receive __14__, __15__ relationships—then how much of your dream ? These things are __17__

to experience joy and to you will you __16__

with practice as well. Do you really practice love,__18__ when you don't feel like it?Do you practice finding joy even when you're __19__?Do you work at hard relationships?It isn't __20__ easy, but the payoff is worth it! 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。 作者通过讲述生活和银 行账户的相似之处,告诉人们一个道理:你对生活投入多少,你就能 从生活中得到多少回报,爱和快乐也是如此。 1.A.predicts C.promises B.reflects D.means

解析: 文章第一句把生活和银行账户进行比较。 此处是对它的解 释,故用 means(意味着)。 答案:D 2.A.thankful C.careful B.useful D.helpful

解析:由空前的“get a great deal of joy”可推出,如果我对生活

很用心地投入,我就能获得很多快乐。be careful about...“对??用 心”。 答案:C 3.A.trainer C.director B.professor D.competitor

解析:由下文可知 competitor 符合语境。 答案:D 4.A.finally C.constantly B.instantly D.quickly

解析: 结合上下文内容来看, 人们经常(constantly)向他表达羡慕 之情。 答案:C 5.A.hearing C.writing B.speaking D.asking

解析:根据上文人们的评论可知,此处指他听到(hearing)这种评 论的时候。 答案:A 6.A.why C.how B.what D.which

解析:分析句子结构可知,know 后面是宾语从句且宾语从句中 缺少 do 的宾语.故需用 what 来引导。 答案:B 7.A.set up C.get up B.take up D.stand up

解析: 由空后的“at 5: 00 every morning”可知, 这里指起床(get

up)。 答案:C 8.A.moving C.shouting B.bleeding D.shaking

解析:从下文的“wash the blood off your hands”可推出,此处指 他的手流血(bleeding)了。 答案:B 9. A.another C.the other B.other D.others

解析:结合上文中的“a thousand balls”可知,此处指又(another) 打了一千个球。 答案:A 10.A.makes C.covers B.takes D.finds

解析:结合句意可知此处表示需要(takes)。 答案:B 11.A.job C.goal B.duty D.task

解析:从后面的“to be at the top of his sport”可知,此处指他的 目标(goal)。 答案:C 12.A.requires C.encourages B.includes D.explains

解析:从设空后的“practice,practice,and more practice”可 知,梦想的实现需要(requires)反复的练习。

答案:A 13.A.habit C.desire B.hobby D.interest

解析:从下文的“is to surpass the living”可知,此处指的是你的 愿望(desire),和上文的目标(goal)相对应。 答案:C 14.A.offer C.worry B.love D.anger

解析: 从下文 18 空前的“Do you really practice love”, 可以推出, 此处指付出和得到爱(love)。 答案:B 15. A.start C.stop B.finish D.develop

解析:结合句意可知,这里指培养(develop)关系。 答案:D 16.A.bring out C.put into B.care about D.suffer from

解析:此处与第 2 空后面的“what I put into living”相对应。 答案:C 17.A.difficult C.strict B.important D.possible

解析:从空后的“with practice”可知,通过实践这些东西也是有 可能(possible)得到的。 答案:D 18.A.also B.still

C.ever

D.even

解析:由 19 空前的“even when you're”可知。 答案:D 19.A.pleased C.unhappy B.puzzled D.unlucky

解析:结合上一句中前后对比的关系可推出此处指不高兴 (unhappy)的时候。 答案:C 20.A.almost C.yet B.always D.ever

解析:从上一句“Do you work at hard relationships?”可推出 此处是说这件事并不总是(always)容易的。 答案:B


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