Unit 4 Exploring plants 能力演练
一、语法填空 ? 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格 处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。? Poor student behaviour seems to be an 1 (increase)widespread
problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.? In many countries,the birth rate is decreasing so that families are smaller with 2 children.These children are often spoilt,not in terms of love (work)parents do not have the time for this,? 5 they
and attention because 3 4
in more material ways.They are allowed to have
want,regardless of price,and to behave as they please.This means that the children grow up understanding of 7 6 consideration for others and without any
their standard of living comes from.?
When they get to school age they have not learnt any self ? control or discipline.Teachers continually complain 9 8 this problem and measures
(take)to combat the situation.But I think the situation to the problem 10 need to be more aware of the future
lies with the families,?
consequences of spoiling their children.? 二、完形填空
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项（A、 B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。? Once there was a group of men—a young hot-blooded man and a big number of old folks,doing a timber(木料)job in a jungle.? This young man was very 1 break time and 2 that those old folks were wasting time,having to break several .He always continued to work through his
times a day to drink and chat.As time went by,this young man noticed that 3 he worked through break time and hardly took a rest,those old folks were chopping the same 4 of trees as he did and sometimes did
more.It was as if they worked through the break time as he did.So he ? 5 to work harder the next day.Unfortunately the 6 were even worse. ? One day,one of the old folks 7 him for a drink during their break time.That young man refused and said that he had no 8 time!Then the old man smiled and said,“It is just a waste of effort to 9 chopping trees without re ? sharpening your axe(斧子).Sooner or later you will ? 10 or be so tired as you have spent too much energy.”? Suddenly the young man 11 that actually during break times while 12 resharpening their 13 faster than
those old folks were having a chat,they were
axes at the same time!And that,s how they could him,yet spending less time!?
What we need is efficiency by making use of our skill and ability ? 14 .Only then can we have more time to do other things.Otherwise we will always keep saying...I have no ? 15 1.A.weak C.hard ? working 2.A.admired C.reminded 3.A.even though C.because 4.A.weight C.amount 5.A.failed C.agreed 6.A.marks C.effects 7.A.invited C.thanked 8.A.wrong C.extra 9.A.mind C.practice 10.A.speed up B.clever ? D.good ? looking B.complained ? D.predicted B.only if ? D.unless B.height ? D.price B.pretended ? D.decided B.results ? D.conditions B.blamed ? D.forgave B.valuable ? D.exact B.avoid ? D.keep B.give up ? !?
C.watch out 11.A.warned C.realized 12.A.also C.seldom 13.A.talk C.walk 14.A.quickly C.seriously 15.A.time C.job 三、阅读理解? 阅读理解?
D.turn out B.expected ? D.announced B.hardly ? D.never B.chop ? D.climb B.curiously ? D.intelligently B.tool ? D.patience
专题训练（ 专题训练（十） 信息匹配 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息，按照要求匹配信息。请阅读下列应用 文：? Desmond,Carls,Russel,Malcolm,Warren 正计划买一辆小车。阅读他们 的情况和下面六种小车的介绍（选项 A．B．C．D．E．F） ，选出符 合各自需求的最佳选项（选项中有一项是多余选项） 。? 1． Desmond is a young and promising athlete． Having won a champion in an important international game,he decides to buy a car to develop a brighter future．Of course,the car must be extremely fast and is especially fit for him,a sportsman．?
2．Carls has just been admitted to a famous university hundreds of kilometers away from her hometown and has been permitted to buy a car．As a young girl,she certainly put safety factors above all．? 3． 〖WTHZ〗Russel〖WT〗,a farmer in a mountainous area,is growing hundreds of acres of crops．To transport his goods to town timely,he wants to buy a car． hopes the car will run very fast and,first of all,must He meet the natural conditions．? 4 ． Fighting in the commercial circle( 商 界 )and getting a great success,Malcolm makes a fortune ． With an aggressive ambition,he decides to buy a luxury car to develop an even brighter future．? 5．Warren is a merchant traveling to different parts of the country in any weather situation,good or bad．He expects to have a satisfactory car to make his career better．? A Provided by an advanced – design Triton engine,with a perfect cooling system,and plenty of pulling power．Passenger safety is excellently strengthened by the Second Generation double airbags and side door intrusion beams．Luxury packages with deluxe accommodation(良好的空间) B Was it wind？Or was it fear？Chances are the both．Equipped with the first four – cam 32 – valve V8 engine offered in a sport – utility(实用)vehicle．An advanced source of power generating 320 Ib – ft of twisting force and 230 horsepower．
A spirited package that takes the zoom – zoom(疾行声)ethos into the mainstream(主流社会)． aggressive,confident look,one An that ? s backed by impressive dynamics．Engaging all the senses in the driving experience．Bottom line:If you ? re in the market for a(seda)
Style quality and high technology are the ingredients(要素)which have enabled Maserati to create some of the fastest and most advanced road cars in the world．? It,s one thing to climb a Mountain．It,s quite another look good doing it．
302–hp best–in–classV8 3rd – row seating．And available climate –controlled front seats．The new Lincoln Aviator．Like Navigator,just smaller,Proof that magnificence comes in all size．
The cars with shapes we,d seen only in our dreams．The land – based rocket ships．With cockpits(驾驶座)full of computers and video screens．The cars that are invisible to the wind．Where are the cars we were promised?
计划买车的人 1．Desmond 2．Carls
供选择的汽车? A? B?
3．Russel 4．Malcolm 5．Warren
C? D? E? F?
一、? 1.解析： 副词修饰过去分词 widespread， increase 的副词是 increasingly。 答案：increasingly 2.解析：从句意得知出生率降低，家庭的人口减少。? 答案：fewer 3.解析：working：有工作的。? 答案：working 4.解析：not...but...是固定搭配，意为“不是……而是……” 。? 答案：but 5.解析：从句意得知，无论他们想要什么，父母就给什么。? 答案：whatever 6.解析：从上下文得知，这样的孩子不考虑别人。? 答案：without 7.解析：来自哪里，用 where。? 答案：where 8.解析：complain about 抱怨,投诉? 答案：about
9.解析：take 要做谓语，从句意得知是“应该采取措施” 。? 答案：should be taken 10.解析：who 指代 families，引导非限定性定语从句。? 答案：who 二、? 分析： 本文是一篇哲理性记叙文。 通过一个年轻人与一伙老年人在丛林中砍 树的故事阐明了一个道理：磨刀不误砍柴工。? 1.解析： 从下文中年轻人从来都不休息的事实可知： 他是一个极其 “勤 劳的（hard ? working） ”人。? 答案：C 2.解析：在他看来，那些老人经常浪费时间，一天当中要休息好几次 去闲聊，这一切都让他看不惯，因此他总是“抱怨（complained）。 ” 答案：B 3.解析：从逻辑上来判断： “尽管（even though） ”他辛勤劳作，但那 些老人砍的树跟他一样多，有时比他砍得还多。? 答案：A 4.解析：根据事实可知：老人们砍的树跟他的“数量同样多（same amount）。? ” 答案：C 5.解析：于是他“决定（decided） ”第二天更加辛苦地劳作。? 答案：D
6.解析：不幸的是，第二天的“结果（results） ”更糟糕。? 答案：B 7.解析：本空后 for a drink 提示：其中一位老人“邀请（invited） ”他 一起喝一杯休息一会。? 答案：A 8.解析：他以自己没有“多余的（extra） ”时间来休息为借口“拒绝 了（refused） ”他的邀请。? 答案：C 9.解析：不磨斧子而“连续（keep） ”砍树就是在做低效率的事。? 答案：D 10.解析：如果继续这样不休息地劳作，用不了多久你就会支持不住 而“放弃（give up）。? ” 答案：B 11.解析：听到老人的话，年轻人突然“明白了（realized） ”这个道理。 答案：C 12.解析：他发现他们在休息时，同时“也（also） ”在磨自己的斧子。 答案：A 13.解析：他终于明白他们“砍（chop） ”树比他快的原因了。? 答案：B 14.解析：把这两者“巧妙地（intelligently） ”结合起来。? 答案：D 15.解析：否则的话，我们总会低效率地忙个不停，说自己没有“时
间（time）。? ” 答案：A 三、? 1~5 BADFE ?