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Unit 7 B


Unit 7

Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

Do you ever …?

go on a picnic with your friends or parents

Do you ever …?

be late for school

Do you ever …?

help your mother with the housework

Do you ever …?

worry that you’ll fail a test

Do you ever …?

go shopping with your friends or by yourself

Do you ever …?

climb mountains with your friends

Do you ever …?

go to the cinema with someone else

1a Read the questions. How often do you do these things? Write A for always, U for usually, S for sometimes and N for never. Then talk with a partner about other things you do. Do you ever ... 1. get to class late? — 2. study with friends? — 3. finish a test early? — 4.worry about failing a test? — 5. …

1b Talk about your answers in la.
A: Do you ever get to school late? B: Yes, I sometimes get to school late.

1c Listen and circle the things in 1a that Peter talks about.
Do you ever ... √ 1. get to class late? — 2. study with friends? — 3. finish a test early? — √ 4. worry about failing a test? — 5. …

1d Listen again. Match these sentence parts.
1.Peter is going to ... 2.He isn’t allowed to ... 3. Peter wasn’t allowed to ... 4.He could ... 5.He should be allowed to ... __ c e __ __ a a. take the test. b. pass the test. c. fail a math test.

b __ __ d

d. take the test later. e. get to class late.

1e Read the statements. Then discuss them with your group.
1.Peter should be allowed to take the test later. 2.Students need strict rules. 3.Parents should not be too strict with teenagers.

A: I think Peter should ... B: I don’t agree. C: I think ...

2a Discuss the questions in your groups.
Are you allowed to make your own decisions at home? What kinds of decisions?

Explanations
Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. 父母不应该对青少年要求太严格。 strict 形容词,意为“严格的;严厉的”,其常 见搭配为下: (1) be strict with sb. 意为“对某人要求严格”。 例:She is strict with her children. 她对孩子们要求严格。 (2) be strict in/about sth. 意为“在某方面严格要 求”。 例:Our teacher is strict with us in our studies. 在学习上我们的老师对我们的要求严格。

2b First, look at the title of the passage. Answer “yes” or “no”. Find out how many in your group agree with you. Then read the passage. Does your answer change?
LEARNING ACTIVELY When you learn any new language, actively use it in new sentences of your own.

Should I Be Allowed to Make My Own Decisions?

Should I Be Allowed to Make My Own Decisions?
Many teenagers have hobbies. But sometimes these can get in the way of their schoolwork, and parents might worry about their success at school. Teenagers often think they should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much as they want. Do you agree?

Liu Yu, a fifteen-year-old boy from Shandong, is a running star. He is on his school team and has always wanted to be a professional runner when he grows up. However, his parents won’t allow him to train so much. “Of course we want to see him achieve his dreams,” says Mr. Liu. “And we know how much he loves running. My wife and I have supported every one of his races. We have nothing against running!

But we think our son needs to think about other possible jobs. He’s getting older now, so he needs to think about what will happen if he doesn’t end up a professional runner.” Liu Yu doesn’t really agree. “Well, I think I should be allowed to decide for myself,” he says. “My parents have always taught me how important it is to work hard at school and enter university. I understand this, but I’m serious about running. It’s the only thing I’ve ever wanted to do.”

His parents believe that Liu Yu should study hard in the evenings so they don’t allow him to practice running at night. “Maybe he thinks it’s too strict or unfair,” says Mrs. Liu. “But we think we’re doing the right thing. He needs to spend more time on his homework because it is difficult to become a professional sports star.

But Liu Yu still disagrees. “I know my parents care about me. They always talk about what will happen if I don’t succeed. But I will! I’m a quick runner! I think I should be allowed to make this choice myself. Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream.”

Language points
1. But sometimes these can get in the way of their schoolwork, and parents might worry about their success at school. 但是 有时这些爱好会妨碍他们的学业,并且父 母可能担心他们在学业上的成功。 (1) get in the way of 意为“挡……的路;妨 碍”。 例: He wouldn’t allow emotions to get in the way of his work. 他不会让情绪妨碍自己的工作。

(2) success 表示抽象意义的“成功”, 为不 可数名词;表示具体意义的“成功的人或 事”,则是可数名词。 例:Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。 His new book is a great success. 他的新书获得了巨大成功。

2. Of course we want to see him achieve his dreams… 我们当然想看到他实现他的梦 想…… see sb. do sth. 意为“看到某人做了某事”。 例:I saw her run into the room. 我看见她跑进了房间。

see sb. do sth. 和 see sb. doing sth.
see sb. do sth. “看见了某人做某事“,强调看见 动作发生的全过程。

see sb. doing sth. “看见某人做某事”,不是全过程, 表示看到的动作正在进行。

例:I saw it happen when I passed by last night. 昨天晚上路过的时候我看到发生了这件事。

(强调看到事情从开始到结束的整个过程)
I saw him playing the game on the computer yesterday evening. 昨天晚上我看到他在电脑上玩游戏。 (强调看到的时候正在玩)

3. My wife and I have supported every one of his races. 我和我的妻子支持他的每一场比赛。 (1) support ( to help or encourage sb./sth. by saying or showing that you are agree with them/it) 此处用作及物动词,意为“支持; 援助;支助” ,常用短语support sb. with sth., 意为“用某物支持某人”。 例:He promised to support her with 1,000 yuan. 他答应赞助她一千元。

(2) 用作不可数名词,意为“支持;资助;援 助”。 例: We couldn’t win the match without their support. 没有他们的支持我们是不会赢得这场比赛的。 4. We have nothing against running! 我们不反 对赛跑! against 介词,此处意为“反对”,其反义词 为for,意为“支持”,其后可接名词、代词或 动词 -ing形式。

例: Are you for or against the plan? 这个计划你是赞同还是反对呢? I’m against doing anything till the police arrive. 我反对在警察到达之前采取任何行动。

against的其他含义:
① against 意为“撞;碰”。 例:The rain beats against the window. 雨点打在窗户上。 ② against意为“紧靠;倚”。 例:He stood with his back against the door. 他背靠门站着。

5. My parents have always taught me how important it is to work hard at school and enter university. 我父母总是教导我在学校 努力学习并考上大学是多么重要。 (1) 本句为主从复合句。宾语从句中含有how 引导的感叹句。感叹句中it 为形式主语,其 真正的主语是“to work hard at school and enter university”。 例:I think how easy it is to speak English. 我认为说英语是多么的容易。

(2) enter (to come or to go into) 意为“进来; 进去”,既可用作及物动词也可用为不及 物动词。 例:Someone entered the room behind me. 有人跟着我进入了房间。 Knock before you enter. 进来先敲门。
enter 作为动词还可意为“参 加”。 例:We entered the contest. 我们参加了比赛。

6. I think I should be allowed to make this choice myself. 我认为应该允许我自己做这 个选择。 choice 可数名词,意为“选择;挑选”, 其动词形式为choose。make a choice 意为 “做出选择”。 例:What influenced you when you made your choice? 当你做选择时你受了什么影响?

have no choice but to do sth. 意为“除 了做某事以外,别无选择”或“只好 做某事”。 例:He has no choice but to go with them.

他别无选择,只好跟他们去。

7. Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream. 只有那样我才有机会实现我的梦想。 本句是only引起的倒装句,即“Only+状语 +助动词、be动词、情态动词+主语+其他”。 在句首的only 如果后面跟副词、介词短语 或从句等作状语,则主句用部分倒装。如 果only 后跟的只是主语,则不用倒装。

例: Only in this way can you learn English well. 只有通过这种方式,你才能学好英语。 Only five people were hurt in the car accident. 只有五个人在车祸中受伤。

2c Read the passage again and answer the questions.
1. What is Liu Yu’s hobby? His hobby is running. 2.What does Liu Yu want to be when he grows up? He wants to be a professional runner when he grows up.

3. Why do Liu Yu’s parents not allow Liu Yu to practice his hobby at night? They believe that Liu Yu should study hard in the evenings. 4. Do you think Liu Yu should be allowed to practice his hobby as much as he wants? Why or why not? Yes, I think so. Because everyone should have a chance to achieve his/her dream.

2d Look in the passage for the words in bold. Then use them to complete sentences of your own. 1.My parents worry about my success at school . ___________________ 2. My parents have always taught me how important it is to ___________________________________. work hard at school and enter university 3. I am serious about ________ running .

4. I think it is unfair ____________________________________ that I should not be allowed to make my ________________. own decisions 5. I have always wanted to be . a_____________________ professional runner 6. My parents have nothing against _____________ . my hobbies
7. I need to think about what will happen if I don’t succeed __________________ . 8. I need to spend more time on my homework __________________.

2e Discuss the questions with a partner. Use the information in the passage to support your opinion.
What is your dream job? Do your parents support your dream?

a singer

an actor
a doctor

a scientist a writer a dancer

My dream is to be… a teacher

3a With a partner, discuss some rules at home that you agree or disagree. Make some notes in the chart.

Rules at home

can’t watch TV can’t play computer games can’t use phone can’t spend night outside …

get up before 6:30 a.m. wash hands before meals finish homework before19:00 go to bed before 21:00 …

Rule

Why do you agree or disagree with it

How do you think the rule should be changed

agree--sitting in no need to be front of the changed computer for can’t play computer games hours playing games isn’t good

can’t watch TV

disagree--not all should be allowed TV programs are to watch TV bad for students; programs that need to relax have educational sometimes, rather value on than spend all weekends the time studying
… …



3b Write a diary entry explaining which rule(s) you do not agree with at home and how you think the rule(s) should be changed.
Use the following expressions to help you:

? I do not agree with… ? I think I should be allowed to… ? I would like to… ? I could… if I …

Sample writing
Dear Diary, I do not agree with the rule that I must be home before dinner time every day. This is because the rule affects my social life. It takes away important opportunities for me to spend time with friends. As a result, my life is quite uninteresting sometimes. I think I should be allowed to have dinner with my friends once in a while.

For example, I would like to hang out with my classmates until after dinner on some Fridays. I wish my parents will allow me to do this if I promise not to stay out too late and if there is no important family activity on those days.

一、 单项选择
A us children, but 1. My grandparents ____ they look serious. A. are not strict with B. aren’t strict to C. don’t strict with D. are strict with A that you’ll fail a test? 2. Do you ever ____ A. think B. thinks C. thought D. thinking

D to have a part-time job. 3. I ______ A. am not allow B. not allow C. don’t allow D. am not allowed 4.Sixteen-years-olds shouldn’t ______ A to go to an Internet bar. A. be allowed B. be allow C. allow D. are allowed

5. It is ______ A to work out this problem. You needn’t go to the teacher. A. easy enough B. enough easy C. easily enough D. enough easily 6. You hair is too long. You should have your hair _______. C A. cuts B. put C. cut D. cutting

二、用所给单词的适当时态和语态填空。 saved (save) her father ? 1. --Who ______ --He ____________ was saved (save) by that policeman. was sent for 2.The doctor _________________(send for) because his grandpa was ill. 3. Moon cakes _________ are made (make) by his mother Does your mother ______ every year. ______ make (make) moon cakes for you every year ? were bought (buy) as presents 4. Some toys _______________ for these children last Monday. Is paper ______ 5. _____ made (make) of wood ?

三、根据中文意思完成句子
1. I _____ ______ to talk with her. have _____ no chance 我没机会和她谈话。 2. Everybody has strong points . We should ______ learn _____ from each other. 每个人都有优点,我们应该互相学习。 3. I can’t help you _____ right ______ now . I’m too busy. 我现在不能帮你, 我太忙了。

4. When the comedy actors came out , the audience _________ became _____. noisy 当喜剧演员出场时,观众变得嘈杂起来。 failed the exam. 5. He ______ 他考试不及格。

Homework
Discuss with your classmates about your rules at home. Then try to persuade your parents to change the rule that you do not agree with most.


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