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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十八)


甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题 (二十八)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A We thought we had it all --- a beautiful house, three healthy children and one more on the way, two cars, a couple of four-wheelers for entertainment --- and we loved it. Then, the market turned and my husband’s job at a construction company was gone. The company was closing down for good. We both started looking for jobs right away, but there weren’t any to be found. With each passing day we were getting increasingly worried and we continued to work together in order to pull our family through. The more we pulled together, the closer we got. I felt feelings of admiration for my husband that I hadn’t felt in years. That’s why it was so hard for me to watch him blame himself for our present situation. I continually asked him to stop, but he seemed to want to punish himself for not having a job. Finally, one afternoon I pulled him aside and said, “We have four healthy children and each other. That’s what’s important. That makes you a rich man.” “But what if we lose the house? They’ll hate me --- you’ll hate me,” he replied. I smiled at him and put my hands on both sides of his face to make him look me in the eye. “No matter where we live I will be happy --- as long as I have you,” I smiled again as I realized that I wasn’t just saying that. In all the struggling together I had found that deep love for him that I had on the day we said “I do”. I could see his shoulders and neck relaxed. He held me close and we were able to talk and plan and dream together in a way that we hadn’t for quite some time. It was a turning point for us as a couple and a family. We are still struggling for our better life, but I consider us well-off because we have something that money can’t buy and no one can take away from us. 21. The underlined sentence in the second paragraph means that ______. A. they became closer as they struggled together B. they hoped to find jobs in the same company C. neither of them had the courage to face the difficulty D. they were trying to make their relationship closer 22. We can learn from the passage that ______. A. they both found good jobs at last B. both of them were worried about joblessness C. her husband was to blame for the unemployment D. they didn’t love each other when they got married 23. Which of the following can best describe their present life? A. Bitter but easy. B. Comfortable and happy. B. C. Hard but warm. D. Well-off and relaxing. 24. The best title of the passage might be ______. A. We Have It All B. We Find It Again. B. C.A Perfect Couple D. Hard Time B There are probably no people on Earth who like to gossip as much as the British. If prying into(打探) other’s lives were an Olympic sport, then Team GB would surely take the gold medal. And when the British can’t watch the lives of real people, they have another source of entertainment to fall back on—the soap opera. British soap operas are very different to US TV dramas. For one, they are normally longer running. The two most popular, Coronation Street and East-enders, have been running for 48 and 24 years respectively. Both are broadcast several times a week, so remarkably there have been more than 7,000 episodes of Coronation Street.

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The most obvious difference is that, unlike US dramas, the British soap operas focus on the real world. There is little glamour (魅力), the stars are rarely rich, and they normally have boring jobs. Perhaps the appeal is that the lives of the characters often mirror the lives of the audience—but with some drama added. This means the viewer can relate to the characters and feel the pain and happiness they go through on the show. Because these soap operas last for decades, the cast is ever changing. The shows rarely focus on one or two main characters. Like the real world, people come and go all the time. However, there are exceptions. Coronation Street’s William Roach, 76, has played the role of Ken Barlow since the very first episode of the show in 1960, and he is still a regular. The choice of which soap opera you follow is often cultural: People from the north of British tend to watch Coronation Street as it is set in Manchester. People from the south generally prefer East-enders, which is set in the east of London. The show is generally considered grittier and is aimed at a younger audience. 25. What is the main difference between American dramas and British soap operas? A. American dramas are longer. B. British soap operas are longer. C. American dramas deal with dangerous things. D. British soap operas deal with real people. 26. Why do British people like to watch such operas? A. They can find their own life from the operas. B. They can enjoy the operas in their free time. C. They can watch the operas for many years. D. They care about the fate of the characters in the operas. 27. The underlined world “episodes” in the 2nd paragraph probably means ______. A. plays B. pages C. issues D. parts 28. One characteristic of British operas is that ______. A. the characters play the same role for a long time. B. the characters in the play often change C. people don’t know what will happen next D. there is only one or two characters in them C LIPITOR ABOUT LIPITOR Lipitor is a prescription medicine. Along with diet and exercise, it lowers “bad” Cholesterol (胆固醇) in your blood. It can also raise “good ”cholesterol. Lipitor can lower the risk of heart attack in patients with several common risk factors, including family history of early heart disease, high blood pressure, age and smoking. WHO IS LIPITOR FOR? Who can take LIPITOR: · People who cannot lower their cholesterol enough with diet and exercise. · Adults and children over l0. Who should NOT take LIPITOR: · Women who are pregnant, may be pregnant, or may become pregnant. Lipitor may harm your unborn baby. · Women who are breast-feeding. Lipitor can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby. · People with liver(肝脏)problems.

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POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR Serious side effects in a small number of people: · Muscle(肌肉)problems that can lead to kidney(肾脏)problems, including kidney failure. · Liver problems. Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start Lipitor and while you are taking it. Call your doctor right away if you have: · Unexplained muscle pain or weakness, especially if you have a fever or feel very tired. · Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or Swallowing. · Stomach pain. Some common side effects of LIPITOR are: · Muscle pain. · Upset stomach. · Changes in some blood tests.

HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR Do: · Take Lipitor as prescribed by your doctor. · Try to eat heart-healthy foods while you take Lipitor. · Take Lipitor at any time of day, with or without food. · If you miss a dose (一剂), take it as soon as you remember. But if it has been more than 12 hours since you missed dose, wait, Take the next dose at your regular time. Don’t: · Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor. · Do not start new medicines before talking to your doctor. 29. What is the major function of Lipitor? A. To help quit smoking. C. To improve unhealthy diet.

B. To lower "bad" cholesterol. D. To control blood pressure.

30. If it has been over 12 hours since you missed a dose, you should . A. change the amount of your next dose B. eat more when taking your next dose C. have a dose as soon as you remember D. take the next dose at your regular time 31. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To teach patients ways for quick recovery. B. To present a report on a scientific research. C. To show the importance of a good lifestyle. D. To give information about a kind of medicine. D It’s good to make mistakes, and here is why. First of all, mistakes are a clear sign that you are trying new things. It’s always good to try new things because when you are trying new things you are growing. If you never try anything new, how can you improve? How can you expand? The simple answer is “You can’t”. Look around you. With very few exceptions, either everything you see in your physical world or every single detail of every single thing is the result of someone trying something new. Another good thing about mistakes is this: When you are making mistakes, you are learning. Consider this: Edison failed 10,000 times before he perfected the light bulb. When asked how it felt to fail that many times, he said that he hadn’t failed 10,000 times, but rather had learned 10,000 things that didn’t work. Finally, when you make a mistake you are much closer to success. Why?

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Because when all is said and done, you will have tried some number of things before you succeed. Every time you make a mistake you eliminate one of those things and are one step closer. But this all doesn’t mean that you should go ahead without considering the consequences of a mistake. Quite the contrary, when you try something new you have to be willing to set some reasonable limits so that in the event that it doesn’t work out the way you want it to, you will be in a position to try again. We all have limited resources in the form of time and money, so don’t blow them all on one approach to a problem. Realize that it probably won’t be perfect the first time and allocate (分配) these resources appropriately so you can learn, make corrections, and try it again. Only by accepting and using your mistakes in this way can you make significant advances in your business and your career. There is an old saying that goes, “If you’re not making mistakes, you’re not trying hard enough.” So go forth and make mistakes. And learn. And grow. And prosper (成功). 32. From the second paragraph, we can conclude that _______. A. mistakes are unnecessary for development B. we are afraid of trying new things C. it’s common for people to make mistakes D. mistakes are better than not trying 33. The underlined word “eliminate” means _______. A. avoid B. remove C. accept D. solve 34. According to the article, one thing you should pay attention to about making mistakes is _______ A. taking consequences into account B. accepting the punishment willingly C. avoiding making the same mistakes D. trying things out one by one 35. What would the writer probably suggest we say to ourselves when we make a mistake? A. Never mind, I can always try again. B. I’d better stay out of trouble. C. Ok! Now I can learn something. D. Look at this mess. Anyone would be upset. 第二节:七选五(共 5 个小题, 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分) Many people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to their appearance. But in fact, a lot of guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror. They care just as much as girls do about their body image. Body image is a person's opinions and feelings about his or her own body and physical appearance. 36 You appreciate your body for its capabilities and accept its imperfections. 37 Here are some ideas. Recognize your strengths. Different body types are good for different things. What does your body do well? Maybe your speed, strength, or coordination makes you better than others at a certain sport. That may be basketball, table tennis, mountain biking, dancing, or even running. Or perhaps you have non-sports skills, like drawing, painting, singing, playing a musical instrument, writing, or acting. 38 Exercise regularly. Exercise can help you look well and feel good about yourself. Good physiques (体形) don’t just happen. 39 A healthy habit can be as simple as exercising 20 minutes to 1 hour three days a week. Working out can also lift your spirits. Respect your body! Practicing good habits regular showering; taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin; wearing clean clothes, and so on can help you build a positive body image. 40 Your body is just one part of who you are. Your talent for comedy a quick wit (智 慧) and all the other things make you unique. So try not to let small imperfections take over. A. Use this as an opportunity to discover what you’re good at. B. Be yourself. C. Having a positive body image means feeling satisfied with the way you look. D. Just explore talents that you feel good about. E. They take hard work, regular workouts, and a healthy diet. F. The good news is that self-image and body image can be changed. G. So, what can you do to develop a positive body image?

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第三部分:英语知识运用 (共二节, 满分 55 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) I was invited to attend a presentation at the Kentucky School. That evening I found gratitude had amazing 41 to change our attitude and our life. The young musician Mr. Patrick was 42 onto the stage in his wheelchair and began to play the piano. His fingers danced across the keys as he 43 beautiful music. He then began to sing as he played, and it was wonderful. But what shocked me most was his 44 smile. Mr. Patrick was born with no eyes and an illness in the legs, which 45 him lame for life. However, as a child, he was 46 with artificial eyes and placed in a wheelchair. Before his first 47 , he discovered the piano. When his mom hit any note on the piano, and within one or two 48 , he’d get it. By his second birthday, he was playing “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star”. His father was 49 .“We might not play baseball, but we can play music together.” When Patrick was at the University of Louisville, his father 50 classes with him. He was also a part of the 214-member marching band! He was a blind, wheelchair-bound trumpet player; and he and his father did it together. His father 51 the night shift(夜班)in order to accompany his daytime band practice. Patrick says, “My dad’s my 52 .” But even more than his 53 musical talent, it was Patrick’s “attitude of gratitude” that 54 my soul. On stage, between songs, he talked to the audience about his life and about how 55 he was with a great father. When his performance was over, Patrick and his father were on the stage together. The crowd rose to their feet and 56 for over five minutes. We all face misfortune in our lives. 57 , it’s not the hardship but how we 58 to it that will determine the joy and happiness in our lives. During 59 times, do we spend too much time feeling 60 for ourselves, or can we, with gratitude, learn how to dance in the rain? 41. A. knowledge B. quality C. wisdom D. power 42. A. rolled B. held C. allowed D. dragged 43. A. wrote B. provided C. made D. gave 44. A. strange B. magic C. bitter D. friendly 45. A. took B. led C. forced D. left 46. A. fitted B. connected C. associated D. filled 47. A. place B. birthday C. performance D. attempt 48. A. memories B. words C. tries D. notes 49. A. confused B. amused C. interested D. overjoyed 50. A. listed B. found C. attended D. organized 51. A. worked B. found C. refused D. canceled 52. A. dream B. hero C. music D. song 53. A. unbearable B. unreasonable C. unconditional D. unbelievable 54. A. touched B. calmed C. freed D. felt 55. A. satisfied B. concerned C. blessed D. laughed 56. A. cheered B. whispered C. shouted D. laughed 57. A. Therefore B. Otherwise C. However D. Besides 58. A. see B. react C. agree D. put 59. A. happy B. modern C. usual D. tough 60. A. great B. sorry C. hopeful D. proud 第二节: 语法填空 (共 10 个小题, 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分) There once lived a boy named Woo Sing, 61 father brought home a mirror. Woo Sing had never seen one before so when he saw it for 62 first time, he didn’t understand 63 it was, but he saw another boy in the mirror, which made him very happy, for he thought the boy had come to play with him. He spoke to the stranger in a very friendly way,

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but received no reply. He laughed and waved at the boy, who did 64 (exact) the same thing. Then he thought, “I’ll go closer. It may be because he doesn’t hear me.” But when he began to walk, the other boy imitated him. Woo Sing stopped 65 (think) about these strange actions, saying to himself, “This boy is fooling me. He does everything that I do.” The more he thought about it, the 66 (angry) he became and soon he noticed the boy became angry too. So Woo Sing 67 (strike) the boy in the glass, but he only hurt his own hand and went 68 (cry) to his father, who said, “The boy you saw was 69 image. This should teach you an important lesson, my son. You should never show your anger to others. Now remember that in real life when you strike 70 cause you’ll hurt yourself most of all. ” 第四部分写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 There is good news for you. Anyone visited Beijing will soon be able to visit the Forbidden City at night. The Palace Museum plans to extend their opening hours to make it more conveniently for tourists. Parts of the museum will stay open until night to allow more people experience China’s traditional culture before working hours. In addition, visitors will have an access to more area soon after the renovation (修缮) work is completed this year. Near 65% of the Palace Museum will then be open to visitors to mark the 90th anniversary of the museum. The Forbidden City, that was built at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, had undergone extensive ( 大量的) renovations over the past 10 years. 笫二节: 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华, 上周在外教 Mr. Jackson 的口语课上使用手机被老师发现, 手机被收走。 请给 外教写一封道歉信, 内容应包括以下要点: 1. 表示歉意; 2. 解释上课使用手机的原因; 3. 提出自己的请求并适当表态。 注意:1. 可适当添加细节使文章连贯;字数 100 左右; 2. 信的开头和结尾已给出, 不计入总词数。 Dear Mr. Jackson, ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua 【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十八) 参考答案 第二部分: 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 21-24 ABCA 25-28 DADB 29-31 BDD 32-35 DACA 36-40 CGDEB 第三部分:英语知识运用 (共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41-45DACBD 46-50ABCDC 51-55ABDAC 56-60ACBDB 第二节: 语法填空 (共 10 个小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61.whose 62. the 63. what 64. exactly 65. to think

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66. angrier

67. struck

68. crying

69. your

70. without

第四部分写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) There is good news for you. Anyone visited Beijing will soon be able to visit the visiting Forbidden City at night. The Palace Museum plans to extend their opening hours to its make it more conveniently for tourists. Parts of the museum will stay open until night convenient to allow more people experience China’s traditional culture before working hours. In to after addition, visitors will have an access to more area soon after the renovation (修缮) work areas is completed this year. Near 65% of the Palace Museum will then be open to visitors Nearly to mark the 90th anniversary of the museum. The Forbidden City, that was built at which the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, had undergone extensive (大量的) renovations has over the past 10 years. 书面表达(满分 25 分) : 参考范文: Dear Mr. Jackson, I’m really sorry about my using the mobile phone in your lecture last week. Please accept my heart-felt apology for being so rude a student. I know any word might sound a made-up excuse. But I didn’t use the mobile phone for no reason. I was trying to apply to some American universities last week and that day, I got an offer and they needed my further information immediately. Therefore, I had no other choice but to try sending them a text message in class and that was exactly what I was doing when you discovered. I promise it will never happen again. But I do need my phone back to get in touch with others. Will you be kind enough to give it back to me? Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

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