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2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 课时作业(新课标专用)Book2 Unit2 Word版含解析


Unit 2

The Olympic Games

Ⅰ.单项填空(建议用时 8′) 1 . With so much water being used in the bathroom , it is no________ that more environmentally friendly technologies have come out to make better use of water resources. A.surprise B.need C.question D.doubt 2.The girls ________ into the company recently have to receive strict training before they start to work. A.accepted B.accepting C.admitted D.admitting 3.—Excuse me, can you tell me where the nearest bank is, please? —________ Oh yes! It’s past the office,next to a big market.(2011· 黄冈模拟) A.Mm,let me think. B.Oh,I beg your pardon? C.You’re welcome. D.What do you mean? 4.—My old tyre exploded,can you________ it with a new one? —Certainly,wait a minute. A.take the place of B.replace C.take place D.in place of 5.In order to find ________ better job,he decided to study ________ second foreign language. A.the;a B.a;a C.the;the D.a;the 6.He felt that he didn’t________ to be given such a great honor. A.suppose B.deserve C.mean D.intend 7.Tom as well as his friends who________football games________traveled with the team. A.likes;has B.like;have C.likes;have D.like;has 8.These dictionaries ________ the library again (by you).(2011· 烟台模拟) A.must be taken out B.mustn’t be taken out of C.must take out of D.mustn’t take out of 9.He didn’t ________ school the day before yesterday. A.attend B.join C.join in D.take part in 10.________ a chair in the corner of the room? A.Does there stand B.Stand there C.There standing D.Do stand there 11.I shall________ the loss of my laptop computer in the newspaper,with a reward for the finder. A.inform B.advertise C.announce D.publish 12.—Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor? —Of course.What is it? —I________ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. A.had wondered B.was wondering C.would wonder D.did wonder 13.Only when your identity has been checked________. A.you are allowed in B.you will be allowed in C.will you allow in D.will you be allowed in

14.He hasn’t been to the countryside;________ he want to go there.(2010· 滨州统考) A.so has B.so does C.neither has D.neither does 15.The wise little girl can ride a horse and swim,and she can shoot________. A.as well as B.as well C.either D.also Ⅱ.阅读理解 A (建议用时 7′) It might seem hard to imagine that a bad tooth could be deadly.But doctors in the Washington area say a twelveyear- boy died last month of a tooth infection that spread to his brain.They old say it might have been prevented if the boy had received the dental care he needed. Experts at the National Institutes of Health say good dental care should start at birth.They say breast milk is the best food for the healthy development of teeth.Breast milk can help slow bacterial growth and acid production in the mouth. When baby’s teeth begin to appear,you can clean them with a wet toothbrush.Dentists say it is important to find soft toothbrushes made especially for babies,and use them very gently. The use of fluoride (氟化物) to protect teeth is common in many parts of the world.This natural element is often added to drinking water supplies.The fluoride mixes with enamel(釉质), the hard surface on teeth,to help prevent holes,or cavities from forming. But the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry points out that young children often swallow toothpaste when they brush their teeth.The group notes that swallowing fluoridated toothpaste can cause problems.So young children should be carefully supervised when they brush their teeth.And only a small amount of fluoridated toothpaste,the size of a green pea,should be used. Parents often wonder what effects sucking a thumb or sucking on a pacifier might have on their baby’s teeth.Dental experts generally agree that this is fine early in life. The American Academy of Family Physicians says most kids stop sucking their thumbs by the age of four.If it continues,the group advises parents to talk to their child’s dentist or doctor.It could influence the correct development of permanent teeth. 16.The boy with a bad tooth died because ________. A.his tooth disease was very deadly B.the doctor refused to treat him properly C.he didn’t receive timely treatment D.something was wrong with his brain 17.All the following statements are good to teeth except that ________. A.children live on breast milk every day B.children begin to brush their teeth when they are old enough C.children use fluoride toothpaste to brush their teeth D.children form the habit of sucking their thumbs 18.The underlined word “supervised” in the fifth paragraph means “________”. A.watched and directed B.taught and helped C.praised and advised D.led and pointed out 19.Which one of the followings is NOT true according to this passage? A.Dental care should be given to babies as soon as they are born. B.Special toothbrushes should be used for babies. C.Breast milk and fluoride are helpful to protect baby teeth. D.Dental experts suggest stopping babies sucking their thumbs. 20.The best title of this passage is ________. A.The reason of a twelve?year?old boy’s death B.Baby teeth should be cared for from birth C.Breast milk and fluoride are important D.How to help young children form good habits

B (建议用时 8′) Roberto Clemente was one of the most honored baseball players in history.Many players are known for their skills or the records they broke.But Roberto was loved not only for his ability in sports,but also for the kind of person that he was. Roberto was born in 1934 in Carolina,Puerto Rico,whose family struggled financially.As a young boy,he helped his father,who worked on a sugar farm and also managed a store that sold food. In school,Roberto was an excellent runner.But more than anything,he loved playing baseball.Puerto Rico’s warm island climate made it easy for the young boy to play baseball all year.But he was good at throwing balls to a great distance. While in high school,Roberto played baseball for the Santurce Crabbers in the Puerto Rico’s Winter League.At 18, Roberto was already hitting a baseball better than many professional players in the United States. This ability was recognized the following year.An official from the Brooklyn Dodgers team in New York City came to Puerto Rico looking for new young players.The official,Al Campanis, was pleased with Roberto’s skills.He offered to give him a 10,000 dollar gift to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers. But Roberto was unable to join the major league team because he was still in high school.The young baseball player told Mr.Campanis that he would join the Brooklyn team as soon as he finished school. So Roberto joined the Brooklyn Dodgers after finishing high school.But Roberto began playing for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1955. Roberto stood out among the other players in his team.The Pittsburgh Pirates did not do well the first few years when Roberto played in the team.But in 1960,everything changed.That year, he played in the first of his 12 All- games.Every year,the best players from the National and Star American leagues compete in an All- game.That same year,Roberto helped his team beat the Star New York Yankees to win the World Series—the national baseball championship. Roberto died on December 31,1972,in a plane crash while attempting to deliver aid to earthquake victims in Nicaragua. 21.Roberto Clemente was highly honored because ________. A.of his intelligence B.he had no competitors C.he was kind and generous D.of his personality and skills 22.What do we know about Roberto according to the text? A.Roberto was not helpful. B.His family lived a happy life. C.His father worked very hard. D.Roberto had no interest in sports. 23.Why did Mr.Campanis offer Roberto a 10,000 dollar gift? A.He was impressed by Roberto’s ability. B.He wanted to make friends with Roberto. C.Roberto played better than professional players. D.He invited Roberto to quit school and play for his team. 24.Thanks to Roberto,the Pittsburgh Pirates ________. A.defeated other 12 All- teams Star B.was better widely known worldwide C.won the national baseball championship D.beat the New York Yankees for the first time 25.What would be the best title for the text? A.Roberto Clemente B.A Famous Black Baseball Player

C.He Played 12 All- Games Star D.The Pittsburgh Pirates’ Memory

答案
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.A [It’s no surprise that...……是不足为奇的;There is no need to do sth.没有必要做某 事;There is no question that...和 There is no doubt that...毫无疑问。结合语境可知,应选 surprise。] 2.C [admitted into...是过去分词短语作后置定语,作“被允许进入这家公司的”讲。] 3.A 4.B [replace...with...用……替换……。] 5.B [第一空表示泛指;第二空用 a+序数词+名词表示“又一,再一”。] 6.B [deserve 值得。] 7.D [who 指的是 friends,故用 like;第二空的主语应是 Tom,故选 D 项。] 8.B 9.A [attend school 上学。] 10.A [There stand(s)...句型的疑问式。] 11.B [由句意可知,此处应是在报纸上做广告,应选 B。] 12.B 13.D [副词 only 位于句首,若修饰从句时,主句要部分倒装。] 14.D [由句意知“他也不打算去那里”,应是现在时,即 he doesn’t want to go there, either。] 15.B 得分策略 得分点6:一些特殊句式结构的掌握及运用 [经典例题] He hasn’t slept at all for three days.________ he is tired out. A.There is no point B.There is no need C.It is no wonder D.It is no way 错因分析 考生很有可能误选 A 项。There is no point (in doing sth.)意为“(做某事)是没 有用的”;There is no need (to do sth.)意为“没有必要(去做某事)”;It is no way 意为“不可 能”,这三个结构用在本题中均不符合句意。It is no wonder (that...)意为“难怪(??)”,用 在本题中正合适,故 C 项为正确答案。 [得分笔记] 在高考英语中,还有一个常考结构也应掌握:There is no/little doubt that... 意为“毫无疑问??”。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 16.C [细节理解题。根据第一段中的“They say it might have been prevented...”可知, 如果男孩得到及时治疗的话,或许能阻止这种事情的发生。] 17.B [推理判断题。第三段中的“When baby’s teeth begin to appear,you can clean them with a wet toothbrush.”告诉我们,在婴儿的牙齿长出来的时候就应该用湿的牙刷给他刷牙。] 18.A [词义猜测题。根据上下文可知该词的意思是“监督,指导”。此处表示孩子们刷 牙的时候应该给予监督和指导。] 19. [是非判断题。 D 由第六段中的“Dental experts generally agree that this is fine early in life.”及下文可知, 早期的吮吸是有好处的, 但是四岁的时候如果还这样就要寻求牙医的帮助 了。因此,D 项的意思不明确,所以是错误的。] 20.B [标题归纳题。文章通过对一个 12 岁的男孩死亡事例的分析,说明了孩子的牙 齿从出生时就要得到及时的护理。]

21.D [推理判断题。根据文章内容可知,罗伯托· 克莱门特球技高超而且人品高尚, 所以他令人敬仰。] 22.C [推理判断题。根据第二段可知,罗伯托家境贫困,因此他需要帮助父亲到农场 干活。除了下地干活,父亲还经营了一个食品店。可见他的父亲很辛苦。] 23.A [推理判断题。根据第五段可知,罗伯托的才能终于得到了认可。在一次比赛 中,星探发现了罗伯托的才能,因此出价 1 万美元邀请他去打球。] 24.C [细节理解题。根据文章的倒数第二段可知,罗伯托· 克莱门特曾经效力的美国 匹兹堡海盗队在 1960 年获得美国棒球联赛冠军。这与罗伯托· 克莱门特的特殊贡献密不可 分。] 25.A [标题归纳题。本文为人物传记,介绍了美国著名的棒球运动员罗伯托· 克莱门 特的一生及主要经历和贡献。因此,最佳答案为 A。] 得分策略 在阅读理解中遇到推理判断题,如何进行推理和判断?(二) 2.预测想象推理判断题 常见的与预测相关的问题主要有: (1)What information will probably be provided following the last paragraph? (2)What do you think the author is most likely to suggest if he continues to write? (3)What would...do in the end? 做这类题时应通读全文,把握作者的写作思路,如文章可能按事件发展的顺序描写,也 可能按因果关系、对比关系等来叙述,作者往往在前文提出几个要解决或说明的问题,或提 出几个观点,然后在下文一一解释说明,因此,考生可通过下文,找出作者已经阐明的问题 或观点。 3.写作意图推理判断题 作者一般不直接表明自己的意图, 而是通过文章所提供的事实和理论依据, 客观地使读 者信服某种想法或观点。 这种题型要求考生不仅要理解文章的内容, 同时还要具备对作者阐 述问题的写作手法进行归纳、总结和分析的能力。 推测作者的写作目的, 不同体裁的文章有不同的写作目的, 故事类记叙文的写作目的通 常 是娱 乐读者 (to entertain);广 告类 应用 文的写 作目 的是推 销产 品或服 务人 们 (to persuade);议论文的写作目的是阐述论点(to argue);科普文化类说明文的写作目的是介 绍知识,帮助大家广闻博见 (to inform)。


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