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2014届高考英语一轮复习方案 作业手册(22) Unit 2 The United Kingdom(含解析) 新人教版必修5


课时作业(二十二)

[必修 5

Unit 2 The United Kingdom]

(限时:35 分钟)

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—My daughter mastered Japanese in less than two years. —Did she?She ________ have a gift for languages. A.can B.might C.should D.must 2.The two men discussed and came to ________ conclusion that the helicopter would take ________ place of a car some day. A./; / B.a; the C.a; / D./; the 3.I'm trying to break the ________ of getting up too late. A.tradition B.convenience C.habit D.leisure 4.The teacher stressed again that the students should not ________ any important details while retelling the story. A.bring out B.let out C.leave out D.make out 5.Peter ________ under the pressure of his position and was unable to work for a year. A.settled down B.broke down C.passed away D.broke out 6.He received a set of china yesterday from his parents ________ sixty pieces. A.consisted of B.consisting of C.consist of D.to consist of 7.She's going to have problems finding a job ________ she has a doctor's degree. A.if B.even if C.as D.since 8.—I hear that you will be on travel again. —Yeah.My boss ________ for me to discuss business details with someone from another company. A.asked B.arranged C.sent D.called 9.—When did you find your pocket ________? —It was when I was going to work by bus. A.to pick B.to be picked C.picked D.picking 10.—Sorry,but I can't visit you tomorrow. —Come whenever it is to your ________. A.preference B.pleasure C.convenience D.connection 11.Mrs.White said that she would treasure the most ________ time she had ever had. A.positive B.enjoyable

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C.miserable D.unbelievable 12.—How many people attended the exhibit? —________ speaking,about 200.I didn't count. A.Strictly B.Roughly C.Generally D.Honestly 13.The traveler ________ us with his stories,most of which happened in the war and were full of great adventures. A.thrilled B.influenced C.challenged D.encouraged 14.It is ________ the king's credit that he is against the establishment of a new political party. A.on B.to C.in D.for 15.Nobody wanted to ________ matters for him though everyone knew that he was blameless. A.solve B.clarify C.handle D.set about Ⅱ.阅读理解 A American children aren't the only couch potatoes with nearly one third of children globally spending three hours a day or more watching TV or on computers, according to the study of over 70,000 teens in 34 nations. From Argentina to Zambia, Regina Guthold of the World Health Organization in Geneva and her colleagues found most children weren't getting enough exercise and that it made no difference if they lived in a rich or a poor country.“With regards to physical activities levels, we did not find much of a difference between poor and rich countries,” Guthold said.“Growing up in a poor country does not necessarily mean that kids get more physical activities.”The study was published in The Journal of Pediatrics, looking at 72,845 schoolchildren aged 13 to 15 from North and South America, Asia, Europe,and the Middle East. The children were surveyed between 2003 and 2007. The researchers defined adequate physical activity as at least an hour of exercise outside of gym class at least five days a week. Children who spent three or more hours a day watching TV,playing computer games, or chatting with friends—aside from time in school or time spent doing homework—were classified as sedentary.

The researchers found only one quarter of the boys and 15 percent of the girls were getting enough exercise by these definitions. A quarter of boys and nearly 30 percent of girls were sedentary and didn't get enough exercise with girls less active than boys in every country aside from Zambia. Uruguay had the highest percentage of active boys, at 42 percent, while Zambia had the lowest, at 8 percent. Girls from India were the most active, with 37 percent

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meeting exercise recommendation, while girls from Egypt were the least active, with just 4 percent getting adequate exercise. Children in Myanmar were the least sedentary, with 13 percent of boys and 8 percent of girls classified as sedentary. The most sedentary nations were St. Lucia and the Cayman Islands, with 58 percent of boys and 64 percent of girls spending at least three hours a day in sedentary activities. People show deep concern for kids' lack of physical activity in various nations. Why do they have a low level of physical activity? Guthold speculated(推测)that urbanization(都市化) could be a factor as well as access to cars and TVs. 16.If you are sedentary, you________. A.are a diligent student spending much time doing homework B.have at least an hour of exercise outdoors every day C.like watching TV and playing computer games D.spend a lot of time sitting down and not moving 17.Which statement is TRUE about the finding of the study, led by Regina Guthold? A.Most children around the world don't meet the exercise recommendation. B.Girls in every country are no more active than boys. C.Children in rich countries relatively get less physical activities. D.Only 4 percent of the girls from Egypt are not active in exercise. 18.Which could be the best title of the passage? A.American children are addicted to TVs and computers B.Nearly one third of children globally are couch potatoes C.Effects of physical activities on health D.Unimaginable standard of physical health 19.What would the writer be most likely to discuss in detail in the following paragraphs? A.The suitable amount of physical activities for students. B.Some of the factors for the popularity of cars and TVs among the kids. C.The reasons behind the lack of physical activities. D.The ways to make the most of physical activities. B Our lives were supposed to be more flexible and family?friendly thanks to the technology at our fingertips. But in this age of BlackBerrys, recession pressures, working at home after hours and on weekends, family time may not be working out the way we thought. Busy parents who expected more time with the kids are finding that more work hours at home don't necessarily translate into quality time with them. A new generation of parents need to discover the meaning of “quality time”, researchers say. “Personally, just given the life I lead, I think there is something to this idea of quality time—spending productive time with children vs. just being around,” says Peter Brandon, a professor at Carleton College. He says engaging or interacting with a child in activities such as reading or playing counts as quality time rather than “passive monitoring”, such as washing the dishes while the child is watching TV. “ This_time_with_children_pays_off , ” Brandon says. He notes that good

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parent?child relationships result in children being happier and more successful, including at school. As parents struggle to be more available to their kids, new research on work and family schedules to be presented Friday at the meeting in Dallas includes a study that shows parents' availability is on the decline because more parents are in the workforce. Although parents today may be spending more time on child care, they are less available overall. Working parents who spend less time with their children should try to make sure the time they do spend is communicating with them, vs. doing the dishes or spending more time on themselves, Brandon says “The trade?off is not necessarily taking away time from your kid,” he says, “You're taking away time from other things.” 20.The first paragraph mainly intends to tell us that ________. A.technology lets parents work at home B.parents are satisfied with their work C.technology makes our lives much easier D.the family time is not always satisfying 21.We can learn from the third paragraph that ________. A.some families are not experiencing quality time B.it's enough for parents to stay with their children C.parents enjoy engaging in work?at?home activities D.working hours at home can transform into quality time 22.According to Brandon, the quality time means ________. A.just being around with children B.work time is separate from family time C.spending interactive time with children D.letting the children do whatever they want to do 23.The underlined sentence “This time with children pays off” means________. A.the time with children is of little value B.the time with children costs quite a lot C.the time with children leads to good result D.the time with children has a bad effect on them 24.What will the author most probably talk about in the next part of the passage? A.How to spend more time at home. B.How to do the dishes in a proper way. C.How to spend more time in working at home. D.How to take away time in a much proper way. Ⅲ.短文填词 I'd like to tell you something that I experienced in the City Park. 25.________ the afternoon of last Sunday, my friend and I were taking a walk along a river in the City Park 26.________ suddenly we heard a boy 27.________ (喊) for help in the river. We jumped into the river and 28.p________ the boy out. Then we made him 29.b________ using the mouth?to?mouth way. After the boy came to 30.________, we sent him to hospital at once and 31.t________ his parents. The boy was saved. His parents were very 32.________ (感激) to us and the doctors thought 33.________ of

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our first aid. We realized that knowing first aid is helpful and important because it can help you to save 34.l________. 参考答案 课时作业(二十二) Ⅰ.1.D 考查情态动词。不到两年就学会了日语,那“一定(must)”很有语言天赋。 2.B 考查冠词。come to a conclusion 得出结论;take the place of 代替。 3. 考查名词。 C 句意: 我正试图改掉起床太晚的习惯。 habit: thing that you do often a and almost without thinking,especially sth.that is hard to stop doing 习惯。 4.C 考查动词短语辨析。leave out“漏掉”;bring out“使显示;出版;生产;说 出”;let out“放掉,泄露;放大;出租”;make out“书写,声称;理解;辨认出”。由 句意可知选 C。 5. 考查动词短语辨析。 B 句意: Peter 不堪工作之负病倒了, 一年不能上班。 break down 在此意为“身体出毛病”。settle down 定居,平静下来;pass away 去世;break out 突发, 爆发。 6.B 考查动词短语用法。句意:他昨天从他父母那里收到六十件一套的瓷器。a set of china 与 consist of 之间为逻辑上的主动关系,所以要用动词?ing 形式作定语,相当于定语 从句 which consists of。 7.B 考查连词。句意:即使她有博士学位,找工作也将遇到一些困难。even if 即使, 在此引导让步状语从句。 8.B 考查动词辨析。arrange for sb.to do sth 是固定用法,表示“安排某人做某事”。 其他三项均无此用法。 9.C 问句句意:你什么时候发现你的口袋被掏了?本题考查过去分词作宾补。 10.C 考查名词辨析。答句句意:你什么时候方便就什么时候来。convenience 方便, 便利。preference 偏爱;pleasure 快乐,高兴;connection 连接。 11.B 考查形容词辨析。由宾语从句中的 she would treasure 可知,是一段“令人愉 快的(enjoyable)”时光。 12.B 考查副词辨析。roughly speaking 粗略地说。strictly speaking 严格地说; generally speaking 通常,一般说来;honestly speaking 老实说。由 I didn't count.可知 应选 B 项。 13.A 考查动词辨析。根据 happened in the war and were full of great adventures 可知旅行者的经历使我们惊骇(thrilled)不已,故选 A 项。 14.B 考查介词。to one's credit 为固定短语,意思是“值得赞扬”,故选 B 项。 15. 考查动词(词组)辨析。 B solve, handle 和 set about 都是“解决”之意, clarify 而 意思是“澄清;阐明”。句意:没有人想为他澄清事情的真相,虽然每个人都知道他是无过 错的。 Ⅱ.A 一项面向 34 个国家 7 万多名青少年开展的调查显示,全球近三分之一的儿童每天看电视 或玩电脑的时间达到三个小时甚至更多。 16.D 推理判断题。第三段提到:除了在学校或做作业的时间外,每天看电视、玩电脑 游戏或上网聊天的时间超过三个小时的孩子被定义为“久坐不动的” 。由此推断,如果你被认 为是“sedentary”,你就是大部分时间坐着不动的人。 17.A 推理判断题。根据第二段内容“多数儿童都缺乏锻炼,而且这和他们生活在富国 和穷国没有多大关系”及该段提及的调查的范围可推知 A 项“全球大多数儿童没有达到建议

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活动量”是正确的。B 项可根据第四段末尾排除;C 项可根据第二段前三句排除;D 项可根据 第五段第二句的后半句排除。 18.B 主旨大意题。第一段是全文的中心,根据第一段内容“一项面向 34 个国家 7 万 多名青少年开展的调查显示,爱坐在电视机前的并非只有美国儿童,全球近三分之一的儿童 每天看电视或玩电脑的时间达到三个小时甚至更多”,由此可知 B 项正确。 19.C 篇章结构题。最后一段提到:人们对各国儿童缺乏身体锻炼表示极大的关注, Guthold 分析,除汽车和电视的普及外,都市化也是造成儿童缺乏身体锻炼的一个因素。由此 推断接下来作者很可能会详细地讨论儿童缺乏身体锻炼背后的原因。 B 文章讲述了什么才是真正的有质量的家庭时间,以及有质量的家庭时间有什么好处。 20.D 推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句可知,大多数人用在家庭生活的时间有时候不 尽如人意。 21.A 推理判断题。根据第三段可知有的人没有理解 quality time 的意义,以为跟孩 子在一起看管孩子就可以了。 22.C 推理判断题。根据第三段可知,和孩子度过有质量的家庭时间要采取积极的互动 方式。 23.C 词义推断题。pay off 意为“会有回报的”,此处指的是会带来好的结果。根据 后 面 的 “He notes that good parent?child relationships result in children being happier and more successful, including at school.”可知 C 项正确。 24. 推理判断题。 D 根据文章最后一句“You're taking away time from other things.” 可知,后文讲述的就是关于 take away time from other things 的内容。 Ⅲ.25.On 26.when 27.calling 28.pulled 29.breathe 30.himself 31.telephoned 32.grateful(thankful) 33.highly 34.lives

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