一、单元扣点 Ⅰ.根据句意，用所给单词的适当形式填空 accompany hero drowning resist imagine breathe cure abandon refusal despite 1.The doctors tried every possible means to ________ the serious illness of the patient. 2.I couldn't ________ the temptation of chocolates when traveling in Germany because they were too delicious. 3.Children under 12 must be ________ by adults when going to public libraries in Britain. 4.As we all know, ________ deeply on a clear morning outdoors is good for our health. 5.Sun Wukong is not a real person. Instead, he is just an ________ character. 6.I offered to give some money, but he was independent and ________ me on the spot. 7.________ the bad weather we enjoyed our holiday. 8.The soldier had shown great ________ in the battle against the flood. 9.Don't play by the river in case you fall and ________！ 10.He ________ his wife and went away with all his money. 答 案 1.cure 2.resist 3.accompanied 4.breathing 5.imaginary 6.refused 7.Despite 8.heroism 9.drown 10.abandoned Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.我是在腊月的一个寒冷的晚上首次看到我的侄子的。 答案 It was on a cold December night that I saw my nephew for the first time. 2.我的工作时间几乎与我女儿的上课时间完全相同。(be identical to) 答案 My work hours are almost identical to my daughter's school hours. 3.许多篮球队就指望一位明星球员。(rely on) 答案 Many basketball teams rely on one star player. 4.如果你父亲一直这么辛苦的工作，身体早晚会垮掉的。(break down) 答案 If your father keeps working so hard, he'll break down sooner or later. 5.这项工程不是那么重要，不要为了完成它把自己给累坏了。(knock out) 答案 This project isn't that important, so don't knock yourself out trying to get it done. 二、阅读理解 (2015·福建卷) Papa, as a son of a dirt?poor farmer, left school early and went to work in a factory, for education was for the rich then. So, the world became his school. With great interest, he read everything he could lay his hands on, listened to the town elders and learned about the world beyond his tiny hometown. “There's so much to learn，” he'd say. “Though we're born stupid, only the stupid remain that way.” He was determined that none of his children would be denied (拒绝) an education. Thus, Papa insisted that we learn at least one new thing each day. Though, as children, we thought this was crazy, it would never have occurred to us to deny Papa a request. And dinner time seemed perfect for sharing what we had learned. We would talk about the news of the day; no matter how insignificant, it was never taken lightly. Papa would listen carefully and was ready with some comment, always to the point. Then came the moment—the time to share the day's new learning. Papa, at the head of the table, would push back his chair and pour a glass of red wine, ready to listen.
“Felice，” he'd say, “tell me what you learned today.” “I learned that the population of Nepal is...” Silence. Papa was thinking about what was said, as if the salvation (拯救) of the world would depend upon it. “The population of Nepal. Hmm. Well...” he'd say. “Get the map; let's see where Nepal is.” And the whole family went on a search for Nepal. This same experience was repeated until each family member had a turn. Dinner ended only after we had a clear understanding of at least half a dozen such facts. As children, we thought very little about these educational wonders. Our family, however, was growing together, sharing experiences and participating in one another's education. And by looking at us, listening to us, respecting our input, affirming (肯定) our value, giving us a sense of dignity, Papa was unquestionably our most influential teacher. Later during my training as a future teacher, I studied with some of the most famous educators. They were imparting (传授) what Papa had known all along—the value of continual learning. His technique has served me well all my life. Not a single day has been wasted, though I can never tell when knowing the population of Nepal might prove useful. 语篇解读 父亲出身贫寒，没有接受学校教育，因此父亲很重视让孩子们接受教育，并很好 地利用家庭这一平台让孩子们学到很多东西，让他们受益终生。 1.What do we know from the first paragraph？ A. The author's father was born in a worker's family. B. Those born stupid could not change their life. C. The town elders wanted to learn about the world. D. The poor could hardly afford school education. 答案与解析 D 考查推理判断。根据第一段中的“for education was for the rich”可 知穷人负担不起学校教育。 2.The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to “________”． A. one new thing B. a request C. the news D. some comment 答案与解析 C 考查代词指代。根据语境此处代词 it 指代上文中的“the news of the day”。 3.It can be learned from the passage that the author ________. A. enjoyed talking about news B. knew very well about Nepal C. felt regret about those wasted days D. appreciated his father's educational technique 答案与解析 D 考查推理判断。结合文章最后两段可知，父亲对他们的教育对作者产生了 很大影响，让他受益终生，因此作者对此很感激。 4.What is the greatest value of “dinner time” to the author？ A. Continual learning. B. Showing talents. C. Family get?together. D. Winning Papa's approval. 答 案 与 解 析 A 考 查 细 节 理 解 。 根 据 文 章 最 后 一 段 中 的 “the value of continual learning”可知答案。 5.The author's father can be best described as ________. A. an educator expert at training future teachers B. a parent insistent on his children's education C. a participant willing to share his knowledge D. a teacher strict about everything his students did
答案与解析 B 考查推理判断。纵观全文，尽管父亲出身贫寒，没有接受学校教育，但父 亲坚持让孩子接受教育，所以选择 B。 三、完形填空 (2016·河南洛阳统考) It was an early September day, cool and bright and just right for running, and I was in the first few miles of a 10?mile race over a course with a few high hills. __1__， I felt energetic; despite the hills it was going to be a(n) __2__ run. Just ahead of me was Peggy, a teacher from Mount Kisco. She was too running __3__， moving along at my speed. The pace felt comfortable, so I decided to __4__ where I was. Why pay attention to __5__ when she was setting such a good one? I'd overtake (追上) her sooner or later when she was tired. So I ran behind her. The course __6__ north for five miles, wandered west for a hilly mile, and then turned south again along a winding road. The race was getting __7__. We had four miles __8__ and already it was beginning to be real work. Peggy overtook a young runner. She seemed to __9__ him, for they exchanged a few cheerful words as she passed him. Their exchange __10__ me. You don't chat during a race __11__ you are feeling good and Peggy plainly was. Still, I was __12__ enough to overtake her if she was tired, so I didn't give up hope completely. We were getting nearer to a long, punishing hill now and it would be a __13__. We were a mile from the finish line, __14__ whatever happened on the hill would almost determine who crossed it first. As I moved up the hill, my __15__ wandered for a few minutes. When I __16__， Peggy was moving away—first five yards, then ten, then more. Finally it was clear that there was no __17__ of catching her. She beat me soundly. There is an important __18__ in that race. Women are thought to be weaker, __19__ and not nearly as skilled in sports. Yet, as Peggy so clearly showed, the similarities between men and women runners are more important than the __20__. I have run with a number of women, and I can say that it is often hard work. 1.A. Still B. Even C. Therefore D. Although 2.A. risky B. annoying C. fine D. competitive 3.A. fast B. slowly C. happily D. easily 4.A. move B. stay C. run D. follow 5.A. example B. match C. pace D. race 6.A. swelled B. headed C. rounded D. lasted 7.A. harder B. faster C. smoother D. easier 8.A. preferred B. compared C. prepared D. left 9.A. envy B. command C. know D. adore 10.A. worried B. disappointed C. displeased D. discouraged 11.A. if B. unless C. while D. as 12.A. brave B. intelligent
C. close D. young 13.A. test B. beauty C. consequence D. solution 14.A. and B. because C. so D. but 15.A. experience B. attention C. idea D. imagination 16.A. turned up B. looked up C. came up D. ran up 17.A. doubt B. wonder C. energy D. hope 18.A. class B. lesson C. teaching D. sense 19.A. slower B. slimmer C. stronger D. meaner 20.A. admiration B. strength C. differences D. competitions 答案与解析 语篇解读 本文讲述的是在一次 10 英里的赛跑中， 起初作者并没把女教师 Peggy 放在眼里， 但最后这位女教师却轻松地打败了作者。 1.A 作者仍然感到精力充沛。根据语境可知，此处应用 still 表示“仍然”。 2.A 由“I felt energetic”可知，这将是一次顺利的比赛。根据语境可知 C 项正确。 3.D 前面提到作者感到精力充沛，本句中的 too 说明女教师和作者一样跑得也很轻松。 4.B 根据语境可知，作者不想现在就超过这位女教师，只想与她保持(stay)现有的距离。 5.C 既然她设立了这么好的步速，作者又何必关注速度(pace)呢？当她累了的时候作者迟 早会追上她的。 6.B 赛道向北五英里。head 表示“(朝)??前进，向??去”。 7.A 由该空前的一句话可知，赛跑现在变得更有难度了。 8.D 已经跑了一段路程，还剩下四英里没跑完。left 表示“剩下的”。 9.C 根据“for they exchanged a few cheerful words as she passed him”可知，他们 俩可能认识，因此选项 C 正确。 10.A 作者原以为这位女教师会越来越没力气， 但看到她还能与别人高兴地交谈时， 作者担 心自己会失败。 11.B 除非(unless)你感到状况良好， 否则你是不会在赛跑中与他人交谈的， 因此 B 项正确。 12.C 作者仍然紧紧地跟着她，以便当她累的时候能够超过她。因此 C 项正确。 13.A 我们现在离那座又远又令人筋疲力尽的山越来越近，这是一种考验 (test)，因此 A 项正确。 14.C 我们离终点线有一英里， 因此(so)在山上发生的任何事都差不多会决定着谁会第一个 到达终点，由此可知选项 C 正确。 15.B 当作者向山上跑时，走了几分钟神。attention“注意力”；experience“经验”； idea“想法”；imagination“想象”。根据语境可知应选 B 项。 16.B 他们正在往山上跑，作者应该是抬头向上看(looked up)，因此 B 项正确。 17.D 根据前面的“first five yards, then ten, then more”可知，作者与女教师之间 的间隔越来越远，赶上她是没有希望(hope)的。 18.B 作者在这次赛跑活动中得到一个很重要的教训(lesson)，因此 B 项正确。 19.A 妇女被认为在运动中是较弱的、速度较慢的(slower)，因此 A 项正确。 20.C 男女 赛 跑 运动 员之 间 的 相 似之 处 要比 他们 之 间 的 差异 (differences) 更 重 要， similarities 与 differences 相对应，由此可知选项 C 正确。