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湖南省对口升学英语综合390分模拟试题(附答案)


湖南省普通高等学校对口招生考试 英语类专业综合测试题
时量 150 分钟,满分 390 分。 Ⅰ.词汇与结构(本大题分选择题和词形填空两部分,共 60 分) (i)单项选择题(从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。共 10 小题,每小题 3 分, 共 30 分) 1. It was when we were returning home _________ I realized what a good feeling it was to have helped someone in trouble. A. which B. that C. where D. how 2. You have to know _________ you’re going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. A. what B. that C. where D. who 3. Video games can be a poor influence if _________ in the wrong hands. A. to leave B. leaving C. leave D. left 4. It is important to remember that success _________ a sum of small efforts made each day and often _________ years of achieve. A. is; takes B. are; takes C. are; take D. is; take 5. ________ what you’re doing today important, because you’re trading a day of your life for it. A. Make B. To make C. Making D. Made 6. Your _________ as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on how you learn. A. operation B. growth C. performance D. character 7. Armed with the information you have gathered, you can _________ preparing your business plan. A. set out B. set about C. set off D. set up 8. The development of industry has been _________ gradual process throughout _________ human existence, from stone tools to modern technology. A. /; the B. the; a C. a; / D. a; a 9. Studying Wendy’s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to ______ of McDonald’s. A. those B. ones C. any D. all 10. —I haven’t got the reference book yet, but I’ll have a test on the subject next month. —Don’t worry. You _________ have it by Friday. A. could B. shall C. must D. may

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(ii)词形填空(用所给词汇的适当形式填空。共 10 小题,每小题 3 分,共 30 分) 11. Men will not ____________ (admit) to this restaurant without a tie. 12. ____________ (work) among the peasants for many years, he knew them very well. 13. —What do you think of the football match between Japan and Australia? —Wonderful! In fact, it was much more exciting than ____________ (expect). 14. I didn’t want to be treated ____________ (different) from anyone else. 15. But for your help, the task ____________ (not finish) in time. 16. After we finished our homework, went on ____________ (review) the new lesson. 17. The whole country was deeply sad at the ____________ (die) of the hero, Li Xuesheng. 18. Ann is not as ____________ (friend) to us as her brother. 19. Even a child knows September is the ____________ (nine) month of a year. 20. This is the ____________ (light) and thinnest of all the e-books in the world. Ⅱ.完形填空(从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。本大题共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分) Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks 21 than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more 22 than we realize. In fact, non-verbal communication (非言语交际) takes up about 50% of what we really 23 . And body language is particularly 24 when we attempt to communicate across cultures. Indeed, what is called body language is so 25 a part of us that it’s actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings occur as a result of it. 26 , different societies treat the 27 between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having 28 contact even with friends, and certainly not with 29 . People from Latin American countries 30 , touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it’s possible that in 31 , it may look like a Latino is 32 a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving 33 . The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep 34 —which the Latino will in return regard as 35_ . Clearly, a great deal is going on when people 36 . And only a part of it is in the words themselves. And when parties are from 37 cultures, there's a strong possibility of 38 . But whatever the situation, the best 39 is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be 40 . 21. A. straighter 22. A. sounds 23. A. hope 24. A. immediate 25. A. well 26. A. For example 27. A. trade 28. A. eye B. louder B. invitations B. receive B. misleading B. far B. Thus B. distance B. verbal C. harder C. feelings C. discover C. important C. much C. However C. connections C. bodily
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D. further D. messages D. mean D. difficult D. long D. In short D. greetings D. telephone

29. A. strangers 30. A. in other words 31. A. trouble 32. A. disturbing 33. A. closer 34. A. stepping forward 35. A. weakness 36. A. talk 37. A. different 38. A. curiosity 39. A. chance 40. A. noticed

B. relatives B. on the other hand B. conversation B. helping B. faster B. going on B. carelessness B. travel B. European B. excitement B. time B. treated

C. neighbors C. in a similar way C. silence C. guiding C. in C. backing away C. friendliness C. laugh C. Latino C. misunderstanding C. result C. respected

D. enemies D. by all means D. experiment D. following D. away D. coming out D. coldness D. think D. rich D. nervousness D. advice D. pleased

Ⅲ.阅读理解(本大题分为选择题、判断题及简答题三部分,共 95 分) (i)选择题(阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。共 10 小题,每小题 4 分,共 40 分) Passage A As she walked round the huge department store, Edith thought how difficult it was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that he was easy to please as her mother, who was always delighted with perfume. Besides, shopping at this time of the year was a most disagreeable experience, people trod on your toes, poked (戳) you with their elbows and almost knocked you over in their haste to get to a bargain ahead of you. Partly to have a rest, Edith stopped in front of a counter where some attractive ties were on sale. “They are real silk.” the assistant assured her, trying to persuade her to buy one. “Worth double the price.” But Edith knew from past experience that her choice of ties hardly ever pleased her father. She moved on reluctantly and then quite by chance, stopped where a small crowd of man had gathered round a counter. She found some good quality pipes on sale —and the prices were very reasonable. Edith did not hesitate for long, although her father only smoked a pipe occasionally, she knew that this was a present which was bund to please him. When she got home, with her small well-chosen present concealed in her handbag, her parents were already at the supper table. Her mother was in an especially cheerful mood, “Your father has at last to decided to stop smoking.” She informed her daughter. 41. Edith’s father _________. A. did not like present B. never got present C. preferred ties D. was difficult to choose a present for 42. The assistant spoke to Edith because she seemed _________. A. attractive B. interested in ties C. tired D. in need of comfort
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43. Edith stopped at the next counter _________. A. purposely B. suddenly C. unwillingly D. accidentally 44. Edith’s father smoked a pipe _________. A. when he was obliged B. on social occasions C. from time to time D. when he was delighted 45. Shopping was very disagreeable at that time of the year because _________. A. customers trod on each other’s toes B. customers poked each other with their elbows C. customers knocked each other D. customers were doing their shopping in a great hurry Passage B Among rich countries, people in the United States work the longest hours. They work much longer than in Europe. This difference is quite surprising because productivity per hour worked is the same in the United States as it is in France, Spain and Germany, and it is growing at a similar speed. In most countries and at most times in history, as people have become richer they have chosen to work less. In other words they have decided to “spend” a part of their extra income on a fuller personal life. Over the last fifty years Europeans have continued this pattern, and hours of work have fallen sharply. But not in the United States. We do not fully know why this is. One reason may be more satisfying work, or less satisfying personal lives. Longer hours do of course increase the GDP (国内生产总值). So the United States has produced more per worker than, say, France. The United States also has more of its people at work, while in France many more mothers and older workers have decided to stay at home. The overall result is that American GDP per head is 40% higher than in France, even though productivity per hour worked is the same. It is not clear which of the two situations is better. As we have seen, work has to be compared with other values like family life, which often get lost in interest. It is too early to explain the different trends in happiness over time in different countries. But it is a disappointing idea that in the United States happiness has made no progress since 1975, while it has risen in Europe. Could this have anything to do with trends in the work-life balance? 46. From the text we know that the author _________. A. believes that longer working hours is better B. prefers shorter working hours to longer ones C. says nothing certain about which pattern is better D. thinks neither of the patterns is good 47. Which of the following countries has more of its people at work? A. Spain. B. France. C. Germany. D. America. 48. In the last paragraph, the underlined word “which” refers to _________. A. family life B. situations C. other values D. trends
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49. What message can we get from the text? A. The GDP of Europe is higher than that of America. B. Two possible reasons are given for working longer hours in the US. C. People all over the world choose to work less when they are richer. D. Americans are happier than Europeans. 50. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Americans and Europeans B. Staying at Home C. Work and Productivity D. Work and Happiness (ii)判断题(根据短文判断下列句子的正确、错误,正确的写(T) :True,错误的写(F) : False。共 5 小题,每小题 5 分,共 25 分) Passage C About 130 years ago. Thomas Edison of the US invented the light bulb. Edison’s bulb has turned night into day ever since. But today, many want to turn the light off. The European Union ( 欧盟 ) recently decided that by 2009 people should stop using the Edison-style light bulb. Instead, they should use compact fluorescent lamps. “CFLs save energy and last longer. They can save money in the long run,” said a British official. CFLs use 67% less electricity than the older bulbs. They last up to 10 times longer. Scientists say that if everyone used CFLs, electricity use would be cut by 18 percent. There would also be much smaller amounts of greenhouse gases given off. But it’s difficult to make people change their lighting habits. First the CFLs are more expensive. They cost eight times the price of the older bulbs. Many people don't like the CFL bulb. They find it too bright. You cannot change the light of a CFL, either. CFLs have been around for several years. However, the older lights still make up about two-thirds of total light bulb sales. 51. Thomas Edison invented the CFL bulb 130 years ago. 52. Countries in the European Union will not use Edison-style bulbs by 2009. 53. Using CFLs helps protect environment. 54. If you get an older bulb for 1 Euro (欧元), the CFL bulb will cost you 8 Euros. 55. CFLs have been widely used instead of the older bulbs for several years. (iii)简答题(根据短文回答问题。共 5 小题,每小题 6 分,共 30 分) Passage D One day, a poor boy who was selling things door found that he only has a cent left. He was so hungry that he decided to ask for a meal at the next house. However, he just asked for a glass of water when a beautiful young woman opened the door. She though he looked hungry, so she brought him a lager glass milk. He drank in slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you”
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“You don’t owe me anything.” she replied, “Mother has taught me never to accept pay for a kindness.” Years later the women needed an operation. The local doctors could do nothing. The finally sent her to a big city. Dr. Milton, who was famous, was called in for the consultation. When he heard the name of the town she cam form, he went to see her. He recognized her at one. At the same time, he made his decision to try his best to save her life. After hard work, the operation was successful. Dr. Milton asked the nurse to pass the final bill to him. He wrote something on the side. The bill was sent to the patient’s room. She was afraid to open it because she thought it would cost all her money. To her surprise, she saw there words written by Dr. Milton.: “Paid in full with a glass of milk.” Tears ran out of her eyes as she said silently, “Thank you. Love has spread through human hears and hands.” 56. What was the boy doing when he only had a cent left? 57. What did the boy ask for from the young woman? 58. What did Dr. Milton decided to do when he recognized the woman? 59. How old the woman feel when she saw the words written by Dr. Milton? 60. The woman has to pay the bill with all her money, didn’t she? Ⅳ.交际用语(本大题分补全对话题、填写题和情景对话题三部分,共 70 分) (i)补全对话(根据下面的对话,从所提供的 7 个选项中选出 5 个最佳选项,将对话补充 完整。共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分) A: Next, please. B: Hi, I bought this DVD player here last Saturday, 61 A: What’s the matter with it? B: Well, several things. First of all, 62 A: Did you put the batteries in it? B: Yes, of course, but it still didn’t work. 63 It also doesn’t move fast forward when I am playing a DVD. A: Well, 64 I have never seen this with any of the models made by this brand. Do you want to change it or return it? B: 65 A: Okay, do you have the receipt? B: Yes, here it is.
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A. the remote doesn’t work. B. I’d like to return it. C. I couldn’t change any of the functions on the display. D. but it’s not working properly. E. I’m sure that it’s just a problem with this player. F. It’s nothing good. G. It’s up to you. (ii)填写题(根据中文描述的背景或情节,将两段对话中 5 处不完整的句子填写完整。共 5 小题,每小题 5 分,共 25 分) Part A (Li Meng and John have just finished swimming) Li Meng: How nice and cool the water is! But I’m feeling a bit hungry now. Let’s have something to eat, shall we? John: Sounds good. Li Meng: Do you know 66 ? John: Yes, there is. Li Meng: 67 ? John: It’s only five minutes’ walk. Let’s go. Li Meng: Yeah, let’s go. Oh, I almost forgot my CD player. John: 68 ? Li Meng: Pop music. I often listen when I’m not busy. How about you? John: Light music. I think it can relax myself. Would you like to try? Li Meng: Sure. John: OK. I can lend you some CDs. I’ll bring them to our school tomorrow. Part B A: Hey, Ted. What are you up to this Friday? B: Well, I have the day off from work. A: That’s great! 69 (询问对方有什么计划) B: Well, I’ve been working so hard lately, so I’ll probably just take it easy. A: Sounds nice. B: Yeah, I’ll probably just 70 (呆在家里轻松一下). Maybe watch a few movies. A: Can I stop by? B: Sure. Any time.

(iii)情景对话题(根据所提供的职场交际环境和关键信息,编写一段 3 到 5 轮的简短对话。
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本题 30 分) Tony 刚搬到一个地方。一天他要去一家诊所去看牙,事先打电话预约。护士给他约定下周 四,并问他上午还是下午,他觉得上午为好,最后他预约下周四上午 10:30 去诊所。Tony 向护 士表示了感谢。 Ⅴ.短文改错(本大题共从第 71 题至 80 小题,共 10 小题,每小题 3 分,共 30 分) 作答要求:对短文中标有序号的每一行作出判断,确定其正误。正确的,请在该行右侧横 线上打勾(√) ;错误的(每一行至多有一处错误)按下面的方法答题: (i)如某行多一词,请用斜线(\)划出,并在该行右边横线上写出该词、再划上横线; (ii)如某行少一词,在缺词处加上漏词符号(∧) ,并在该行右边横线上写出该加的词; (iii)如某行错一词,在错词下面划一横线,并在该行右边横线上写出正确的词。 Now I’d like to tell you something about my part-time job this 71. _______________ summer vacation, in which I worked like a guide in a travel agency. 72. _______________ The work was interesting but tired. I think it was helpful to work 73. _______________ this holiday. It was the first time that I have earned money on my own. I’ve come to understand how hard my parents work to support for the family. I used to keep on ask them for money, but now I’ll never waste money and learn to share worry with my parent. I’ve learnt how to get along well with others. What’s worse, I’ve gained some working and social experience and I have learnt something can’t be learnt from textbooks. All these will be good for my future. In the word, I had a wonderful and valuable summer vacation. 74. _______________ 75. _______________ 76. _______________ 77. _______________ 78. _______________ 79. _______________ 80. _______________

Ⅵ.英汉互译(第 81 至 86 小题为必答题,第 87 至 90 小题为选答题,选答题 A 部分为旅游方 向,B 部分为商贸方向。请根据自己所学专业选答。本大题共 10 小题,每小题 5 分,共 50 分) 81.We should take an active part in community service, which can enrich our life. 82.Because of over-hunting by human beings, many animals have died out. 83.You will benefit greatly if you regularly consult with your teacher. 84.除非你保持均衡的饮食,否则将会增加体重。 85.这篇新闻报道是完全根据实际情况写的。 86.多亏了每一个人的辛勤努力,表演取得了巨大的成功。

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B 部分(商贸方向) 87.All payments must be made in cash and no credit cards are allowed. 88.The size of our order depends on your price. If your price is attractive, we’re going to place a large order with you. 89.We regret being unable to accept your claim because the cases were in perfect condition when the goods were loaded on board the ship. 90.作为一家合资企业,在中国境内,我们公司在家用电器、计算器、电讯等领域处领先 地位。 Ⅶ.书面表达(本题共 45 分) 请根据自己所学专业选做一题(A 部分为旅游方向,B 部分为商贸方向) 。 B 部分(商贸方向) Write a counter-offer according to the following particulars: 1.卖方获悉买方 8 月 15 日的还盘,并得知买方认为卖方报价太高; 2.卖方告知买方,卖方报价已为买方处其他客户所接受,而且已有大量成交。因此卖方认 为不可能降价。 3.卖方认为鉴于双方之间长期的贸易关系,他才报此优惠价格,希望买方重新考虑,并早 日来电订货。

参考答案 9

1-5 BCDAA 6-10 CBCAB 11. be admitted 12. Having worked 13. expected 14. differently 15. wouldn’t have been finished 16. to review 17. death 18. friendly 19. ninth 20. lightest 21-25: BDDCC 46-50:CDBDB 51-55 FTTTF 56. He was selling things (door to door). 57. A glass of water. 58. He decided to do his best to save her life. / To save her. / To help her. / He wanted to thank/ reward her. 59. She felt / was thankful / grateful / moved / surprised / excited / happy. 60. No, she didn’t. 61-65 DACEB 66. if / whether there is a restaurant near here? 67. How far is it from here? 68. What kind music do you like? 69. Do you have any plans? 70. Stay at home and relax Nurse: Dr. Brown’s office. Can I help you? Tony: Yes. I’d like to make an appointment for a tooth checkup. Nurse: Are you one of the doctor’s regular patients? Tony: No, I’m not. I have recently moved to this area and a friend of mine recommended Dr. Brown. Nurse: I see. Dr. Brown can see you next Thursday. Do you prefer morning or afternoon? Tony: Morning is (will be) best./ All right for me. Nurse: Would 10:30 be all right? 26-30: ABCAB 31-35: BDACD 36-40: AACDB 答案:41- 45 DBDCD

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Tony: That would be fine. Nurse: Good. We’ll expect you then at 10:30 on Thursday. Tony: Thank you very much. 71. √ 72. like→as 73. tired→tiring 74. have→had 75. 去掉 for 76. ask→asking 77. parent→parents 78. worse→more 79. 在 something 后加 that 80. the→a 81.我们应该积极参加社区服务. 这样可以丰富我们的生活, 82.由于人类的过度猎捕,许多动物都已经灭绝了。 83.如果你时常请教老师的话,你将会受益匪浅。 84.Unless you keep a balanced diet, you will put on weight. 85.This news report is based entirely on facts. 86.Thanks to everyone’s hard work, the performance was a great success. 87.所有的付款都必须以现金的方式,不允许使用信用卡。 88.我们定购的数量取决于你们的价格。要是你们的价格有吸引力的话,我们就下大订单。 89.因货物装船时,箱子是完整无损的,我们歉难接受你方索赔。 90.As a joint venture, our corporation has won a prominent position in the fields of home electronics, computers and telecommunications in China.

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