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2014届高考英语《完形填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(湖北省专用):专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空


专 题 导 读 真 题 典 例 新 题 预 测

专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空
专 题 导 读

夹叙夹议的文章是高考完形填空中最有难度的,也 是最热点的一类体裁。所选文章语言地道、寓意深刻、可 读性强。文章常常在平淡的叙述中蕴含着深刻的人生哲理。

此类选材倾向于注重短文本身的教育意义,作者首先叙述 一件事,在叙述过程中或结束后发表自己的看法或由此事 引出一个深刻的社会问题。文章的显著特点是首句可能在 传达一个事件所表达的信息或透视一种社会现象,而后对 此进行进一步的评价,或由此引发一种深层次的思考,具 有记叙与议论的双重性,文情并茂,发人深省。解题时, 考生应借助上下文乃至全文的语境揣摩作者的心境,及其 对各个角色、各个事件的态度。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空
专 题 导 读

在答题过程中,要理清文章的脉络与结构,把作者叙述的 故事和要表达的观点结合起来分析,并且要把握好关联词 语、语气、动作等细节的描写,从而与作者达到共鸣。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

1.[2013? 山东卷]阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给 的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项。
真 题 典 例

I used to be a very selfcentred person, but in the past two years I have really changed. I have started to think about other people __1__ I think about myself. I am happy that I am becoming a __2__ person.

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

I think my __3__ started when I was at Palomar College. At first, I just wanted to get my __4__ and be left alone. I thought I was smarter than everyone else, so I hardly ever __5__ to anyone in my classes. By the end of my first semester, I was really __6__. It seemed as if everyone but me had made friends and was having fun. So I tried a(n) __7__. I started asking people around me how they were doing, and if they were having trouble I __8__ to help. That was really a big __9__ for me. By the end of the year, I had several new friends, and two of __10__ are still my best friends today.
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

A bigger cause of my new __11__, however, came when I took a parttime job at Vista Nursing Home. One old lady there who had Alzheimer's disease became my __12__. Every time I came into her room, she was so __13__ because she thought I was her daughter. Her real daughter never __14__ her, so I took her place. She let me __15__ that making others feel good made me feel good too. When she died, I was __16__, but I was also very grateful to her.

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

I think I am a much __17__ person today than I used to be, and I hope I will not __18__ these experiences. They have __19__ me to care about other people more than about myself. I __20__ who I am today, and I could not say that a few years ago. 1.A. since B.before C.or D.unless 2.A. famous B.simple C.different D.skilled 3.A. education B.career C.tour D.change
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

4.A. balance C.degree 5.A. talked C.lied 6.A. careful C.curious 7.A. argument C.experiment 8.A. dared C.hesitated 9.A. dream C.duty

B.homework D.interest B.wrote D.reported B.lonely D.guilty B.game D.defence B.offered D.happened B.problem D.step
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

10.A. us C.them 11.A. attitude C.hope 12.A. friend C.guide 13.A. polite C.strange 14.A. bothered C.visited 15.A. explain C.declare

B.which D.whom B.hobby D.luck B.partner D.guest B.happy D.confident B.answered D.trusted B.guess D.see
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

16.A. homeless C.badtempered 17.A. quieter C.better 18.A. forget C.improve 19.A. forced C.ordered 20.A. miss C.wonder

B.heartbroken D.hopeless B.busier D.richer B.face D.analyze B.preferred D.taught B.like D.expect

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

[要点综述] 本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者原来是 一个以自我为中心的人,但上大学时和在私人疗养院 做兼职的经历,让作者有了很大的改变,并从中悟出 一个道理:给别人带来快乐,自己也快乐。
真 题 典 例

1. B 考查连词及语境理解。原来作者是个以自我为 中心的人,在过去的两年里作者真的改变了,开始为 别人着想了。从作者的变化看,是想别人在前,想自 己在后。用before符合语境。
2. C 考查形容词辨析。作者正在变为一个不同于以 前的人,她对自己的改变感到高兴。famous著名的; simple简单的;different不同的;skilled有技能的。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

3.D 考查名词辨析及语境理解。第一段提到作者的 改变,第二段进一步解释是如何改变的。education教 育;career事业;tour旅游;change改变。 4.C 考查名词辨析及语境理解。作者在大学上学 时,想的只是拿学位。degree“学位”,符合语境。

真 题 典 例

5.A 考查动词辨析。下文提到她很孤独,没有交朋 友,这是作者不与同学交流的结果。talk to“与……谈 话”,符合语境;write to给……写信;lie to向……撒 谎。
6.B 考查形容词辨析。上一句提到“从不与同学交 流”,所以就感到孤独。lonely“孤独的”,符合语境; careful仔细的;curious好奇的;guilty有罪的。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

7. C 考查名词辨析。前面提到作者不与同学交 流,感到孤独,同学们都交了朋友并且玩得很开心, 再结合下文的“I started asking people around me how they were doing…”可知,作者也开始进行尝试,要改 变自 己。experiment的意思是“尝试,实验”,在这里 是“尝试”的意思。 8 .B 考查动词辨析。如果别人有困难,作者就主动 帮助。offer to do“主动做……”,符合语境;dare to do敢做……;hesitate to do犹豫做……;happen to do 碰巧做……。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

9.D 考查名词辨析及语境理解。上文提到作者主动 帮助别人,这对作者来说是一大进步。dream梦 想; problem问题;duty职责;step步,步伐;这里指“作 者的进步,作者的改变”。
真 题 典 例

10.C 考查语境。上文提到“I had several new friends…”,作者交了几个好朋友,从句中的and可 知,是他们中的两个今天仍然是作者最好的朋友。 them在这里指“朋友”。

11.A 考查名词辨析及语境理解。作者从不与别人交 流、没有朋友到主动帮助别人并交上了朋友,这是她 对生活的态度的改变。attitude“态度”,符合语境。 hobby爱好;hope希望;luck运气。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

12 . A 考查语境。从下文的“Every time I came into her room, she was so…because she thought I was her daughter.”可知,作者成了这位老太太的朋友。 partner搭档;guide向导;guest 客人。此三项均不符 合语境。 13 . B 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。从下文的 “…because she thought I was her daughter.”可知,老 太太认为是见到自己的女儿(把作者当自己的女儿), 所以很高兴。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

真 题 典 例

14 . C 考查动词辨析及语境理解。上文提到老太太 把作者当作自己的女儿很开心,但是她的女儿从来不 来看她。根据句中的never和“…so I took her place.”可 知答案。bother烦扰;answer回答;visit看望,拜访; trust相信。

15.D 考查动词辨析。老太太让作者领会了一个道 理:让别人感到快乐自己也会快乐。explain解释; guess猜测;declare宣布;see领会。 16.B 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。老太太的去世 对作者的打击很大。homeless无家可归的; heartbroken悲伤的;badtempered坏脾气的; hopeless无望的。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

17.C 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。由空后可 知, 作者把自己与过去比,认为自己现在变好了。故用 better。 18.A 考查动词辨析。作者将永远不会忘记这些经 历,是这些经历改变了自己。forget“忘记”,符合语 境。 19.D 考查动词辨析。是这些经历教会了作者关心 别人要胜过关心自己。force强迫;prefer更喜欢; order命令;teach教。 20.B 考查动词辨析。作者的改变使自己感到很满 意,所以喜欢现在的自己,但是在几年前作者是不会 这样说的。like“喜欢”,符合语境。
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真 题 典 例

专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

(一) I hadn't even got a chance to enter the store before an African American woman approached me and asked if I would help her return an item (商品). The item she had __1__ was intended for her daughter, but she had already received a __2__ one. The lady __3__ to exchange the item for something else in the store but she was told she needed an ID __4__ the deal could not take place.
新 题 预 测
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

I went to the __5__ with the woman so we could use my ID.The salesman immediately started __6__her of asking the first __7__ person she saw to help her. Although that was __8__ , I didn't understand why it __9__ . After all, not everyone is given the opportunity to __10__ an ID in this country. Then, we asked to speak with a manager, who explained that there was no __11__ to return the item without a receipt and then went on to say the woman could not __12__ she purchased the item.

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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“ __13__ I, a young white female, were to enter the store and request you to make an exchange without a receipt, I would not be __14__ the privilege—as I have proof from the past,” I said. He must have realized at that moment what he had done, because he __15__ to exchange the item. There are many valuable lessons in the story. The first is to help a stranger in need. I __16__ when the woman asked for my help, but __17__ in my head I asked myself, “Why not? What valid __18__ do I actually have?” I had none, so I helped her.
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

The second lesson is not to judge a book by its __19__ . The woman looked poor, but she __20__ the same treatment as anyone else does. 1.A. purchased B.shown C.lost D.mended 2.A. same B.popular C.similar D.different 3. A. managed B.wanted C.refused D.promised 4. A. for B.or C.and D.so
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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5. A. counter C.market 6. A. warning C.reminding 7. A. fair C.impossible 8. A. wrong C.reasonable 9. A. mattered C.passed 10. A. leave C.find

B.department D.window B.informing D.accusing B.familiar D.random B.true D.meaningful B.happened D.worked B.pay D.obtain
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

11. A. request C.way 12. A. answer C.support 13. A. Unless C.Instead 14. A. ordered C.denied 15. A. agreed C.failed 16. A. struggled C.hesitated

B.place D.need B.prove D.admit B.And D.If B.asked D.given B.prepared D.remembered B.wondered D.nodded
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

17. A. totally C.hardly 18. A. feelings C.reasons 19. A.. design C.content 20. A. deserved C.received
新 题 预 测

B.gradually D.quickly B.goals D.ideas B.cover D.price B.required D.appreciated

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

[要点综述]作者通过讲述在商店里帮助一位黑人女士 的故事,说明了两个道理:第一,做人应该有一副热 心肠;第二,人无论贫富,都是平等的,都应享受同 等的权利,并拥有同等的地位。
1.A 根据第三段中“…she purchased the item.”可 知,她买的这件商品本来是为女儿买的。

新 题 预 测

2.C 根据下文“…exchange the item for something else…”可知,应该是她的女儿已经有了类似的东西。 如果选A项的话,要将a改成the。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

3.B 因为女儿已经有了类似的东西,所以这位女士 想换另外一件商品。 manage to do sth是“成功做了某 事”的意思。 4.B 根据下一段的内容可知,调换商品需要有ID卡 才可以,否则无法调换。 5.A 作者决定帮助这位女士,于是和她一起走到商 店的“柜台处”。
新 题 预 测

6.D 根据全文语境可以看出,这位黑人女士在商店 里受到了不公正的待遇,被拒绝调换商品。售货员看 到她找到作者帮助,十分不礼貌地指责她不应该随便 找个人来帮忙。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

7.D 8.B 这位女士并不认识作者,找到她属于随机行 为。因此售货员的话符合事实。 9.A 售货员所指责的情况属实,但作者不明白随便 找个人来帮忙就有那么值得关注吗(有什么值得如此大 惊小怪的呢)。matter意为“关系重大”。 10.D 毕竟不是所有的人在这个国家都有机会得到 ID卡。
新 题 预 测

11.C 根据下文“…then went on to say the woman could not … she purchased the item.”可知,经理要 设置退换商品的门槛。经理解释说即使有了ID卡,如 果没有收据的话,也是没有办法退换商品的。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

12.B 经理说这位女士不能证明该商品是在他这里 买的。

13.D 经理的这种无赖行为激怒了作者,于是作者 以自己的经历为例来进行反驳:如果我,一位白人女 性,到这里要求换货,没有收据,照样我是不会被(你 们)拒绝的,因为我有过去的经历为证。
14.C 参见上题解析。
新 题 预 测

15.A 从语境可知,经理意识到自己的言行失 当, 因此同意换商品。 16.C 根据句中but后面的内容可知,作者在女士请 求帮助时,一开始也犹豫过。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

17.D 但她很快调整了心态,扪心自问:“为什么不 帮她,我有不帮她的正当理由吗?”

18.C 参见上题解析。
19.B 从下文可知,这位女士看起来贫穷,售货员 和经理的无礼行为可能与此有关。作者想要表达的 是:我们不应该以貌取人(不能通过书的封皮确定一本 书的质量)。
新 题 预 测

20.A 人虽然穷,但有资格和别人享受同等的待 遇。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

(二)For a long time I saw happiness as a huge banner (旗帜)across the finish line of a long race. I felt that only when I __1__ certain things could I finally be happy in my life. Most of the time I felt like a tortoise believing that being slow and __2__ would win the race. At other times I would __3__ like a rabbit trying different side roads at a dangerous __4__ hoping to reach that banner a little faster. __5__, I began to see that no matter how long I raced towards it, the banner was never any __6__. I finally decided one day to __7__ and take a break. It was then that I saw my __8__ sitting beside me.
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It had been with me as I __9__ hard to support my family, as I played with my children and heard their __10__ and even when I was __11__ with my wife at my side looking after me. It had been with me as I raced towards that stupid banner. I just didn't have the __12__ to see it. There is an old Chinese proverb that says, “Tension is what you think you should be. __13__ is who you are.” Perhaps we all should stop our race towards the __14__ life we think we should have and __15__ the life we have now. Happiness will never be found under some banner far away. It will be found __16__ your own heart, soul and mind. It will be found when you __17__ that others love you just as you do.
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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Don't be a tortoise or a rabbit when it comes to your happiness. Be a playful puppy and carry your stick of __18__ with you everywhere you go. __19__ yourself out of the race and realize that when it comes to love and happiness you are __20__ there. 1. A. forgot B.missed C.overcame D.accomplished 2. A. safe B.steady C.calm D.quiet 3. A. act B.run C.jump D.walk

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新 题 预 测

4. A. place C . speed 5. A. Generally C.Unfortunately 6. A. clearer C.closer 7. A. settle in C.stop by 8. A.happiness C.success 9. A. studied C.exercised

B . height D . time B.Gradually D.Firstly B.lower D.smaller B.start off D.sit down B.goal D.friendship B.fought D.worked
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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10. A. laughter C.stories 11. A. lonely C.sick 12. A. courage C.wisdom 13. A. Stress C.Failure 14. A. real C.common 15. A. enjoy C.improve

B.complaints D.breathing B.tired D.hungry B.chance D.strength B.Relaxation D.Pain B.perfect D.colourful B.change D.create
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16. A. from C.over 17. A. realize C.hope 18. A. sorrow C.fortune 19. A. Carry C.Push 20. A. never C.already

B.on D.in B.believe D.admit B.responsibility D.joy B.Make D.Take B.still D.ever

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

[要点综述]本文是夹叙夹议文。作者通过自身的经历 诠释了这样一个道理:我们经常认为只有取得了某些 成就,过上理想中的生活才会幸福,其实幸福就存在 于我们平凡而琐碎的生活中,它早就已经根植在你我 身 边。 1.D 根据学生已有的文化背景及上文finish line of a long race可知是完成某种东西后才能真正感觉到幸 福,故选D项。 2.B 根据学生已知的龟兔赛跑的故事背景可 知, 作者希望像乌龟那样,靠沉稳赢得最终的比赛,故选 B项。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

3.A 根据“…like a rabbit trying different side roads…”可知,作者在其他时候表现得像兔子一样, 总愿意抄近路到达终点,故选A项。 4.C 根据“…hoping to reach that banner a little faster.”可知,既然是想快点到达终点,肯定是以一种 危险的速度前行,故选C项。 5.B 由下文“I began to see that…”可知,作者逐渐 开始意识到……,故选B项。
新 题 预 测

6.C 无论作者向它跑多远,那面旗帜从来没有离作 者更近一些,故选C项。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

7.D 由下文“…and take a break.”可知,作者终于有 一天决定坐下来休息,故选D项。 8.A 根据下文“Happiness will never be found under some banner far away.” 可知,作者停下来休息时才发 现,幸福就在身边,故选A项。 9.D 根据下文“…hard to support my family…”可 知,当作者努力工作养家的时候,幸福就在他身边, 故选D项。 10.A 根据上文“…I played with my children…”可 知,作者与孩子们一起玩,感到幸福,听到的一定是 快乐的笑声,故选A项。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

11.C 根据下文“…my wife at my side looking after me…”可知,甚至当作者生病,有妻子在身边照顾他 的时候,幸福就在他身边,故选C项。 12.C 根据上文“…as I raced towards that stupid banner.”中的stupid 可推知,幸福一直在作者身边, 只是作者没有智慧去发现这一点,故选C项。 13.B 根据上文“Tension is what you think you should be.”可推知,此处应为与Tension相对的 Relaxation, 故选B项。 14.B 根据上下文的语意可知,作者以前总是追求 自以为值得自己去全力争取的某种生活,所以应该是 自以为“完美”的生活,故选B项。
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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

15.A 根据上文可知,我们应该停止去追求自以为 完美的生活,所以,我们应该享受现在我们所拥有的 生活,故选A项。 16.D 根据下文给出的,heart,soul,mind可推断 介词应该用in,故选D。 17.A 根据作者得到的启示“当你意识到别人爱 你, 你也爱着别人时,幸福就来临了”可知答案为A 项。
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18.D 根据上文“Be a playful puppy…”可知,让我们 做一只快乐的爱玩耍的小狗,到处衔着你那根快乐的 枝条,故选D项。

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专题七 夹叙夹议型完形填空

19.D 根据文中多处提到的race可知,我们应该把自 己从那个竞赛中解脱出来,故选D项。 20.C 把自己从那个竞赛中解脱出来,你就会发现 你“已经”处于爱和幸福之中,故选C项。

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My husband has always had a huge affection for older people and has helped out several elderly friends in the past. Mr Dave __1__ in the same lake as my husband John for over 15 years.A friendship __2__ but when Mrs Dave died five years ago, it left Mr Dave __3__. So John took Mr Dave to fish with him every time he went. Mr Dave was very __4__ although he was 80 years old and never tired of being with John. A few years later Mr Dave had a stroke(中风)that paralyzed(麻痹)his right side.He lost his speech and was __5__ a nursing home. Restricted to his bed and unable to __6__, Mr Dave began to suffer from __7__.
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This almost broke John's heart. He finally got __8__ from the nursing home to take Mr Dave out for a ride.They were both __9__ to be together again but it was very painful for Mr Dave to be __10__ into John's truck. Because he was paralyzed on one side. The __11__ of that side pulled heavily on his good side. John had gotten his truck a year earlier, a real cowboy Cadillac, __12__ was the truck of his dreams. But one day he __13__ it so he could buy a van(厢式货车)that was __14__ with a wheelchair. The van isn't sporty or fast but it surely __15__ Mr Dave's pain on their outings.
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John has made a(n) __16__ fishing rod that Mr Dave can use, __17__ they still go fishing together. Even though Mr Dave can't __18__, he has led the nursing home staff to believe John is his son. I don't know anyone who would __19__ their prized possession to help a friend. I hope he can be an example for others to take similar steps to __20__ those who are in need.

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备用习题
1.A. swam C.fished 2.A.destroyed C.disappeared 3.A.disabled C.homeless 4.A. happy C.proud 5.A. put into C.locked in B.played D.visited B.developed D.increased B.sleepless D.alone B.energetic D.powerful B.kept away D.picked up

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6.A. sleep C.eat 7.A. weakness C.depression 8.A. donation C.mercy 9.A. sad C.desperate 10.A. lifted C.led B.communicate D.think B.starvation D.pressure B.support D.permission B.excited D.lucky B.invited D.pushed

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11.A. pain C.strength 12.A. that C.what 13.A. fixed C.remade 14.A.created C.changed 15.A. overcomes C.reduces B.flesh D.weight B.which D.it B.repaired D.sold B.equipped D.decorated B.removes D.relaxes

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16.A. expensive C.strong 17.A. but C.so 18.A. walk C.escape 19.A. give up C.hand in 20.A. impress C.cure B.beautiful D.special B.or D.and B.talk D.hear B.put away D.keep off B.help D.comfort

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[要点综述]本文叙述了作者的丈夫与朋友之间的友谊。 他和朋友戴夫曾经经常在一起钓鱼,但是戴夫得了半 身不遂后,被送往养老院。丈夫为了带自己的朋友去 兜风,把自己喜欢的车卖掉了,而买了厢式货车好让 自己的朋友坐车去钓鱼。本文的主旨是提倡朋友之间 要互相帮助、互相关心。 1.C 根据“So John took Mr Dave to fish with him every time he went.”可知选C。 2.B 此处指“我”的丈夫和戴夫之间的友谊得到了 发展,成了好朋友。

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3.D 根据“So John took Mr Dave to fish with him every time he went.”可以推知选D。disabled残疾的; sleepless无睡意的;homeless无家可归的;alone独自。 4.B 根据never tired of being with John可知他从不 感觉累。故选B。 5.A 根据下文可知戴夫被送进了养老院。故选A。 put into送进; keep away不靠近; lock in 锁进;pick up拿起。 6.B 根据“He lost his speech…”可知他不能与别人 交流。故选B。

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7.C 他不能动,不能说话,使精力旺盛的戴夫非常 沮 丧 。 故 选 C 。 weakness 弱 点 ; starvation 饿 ; depression沮丧;pressure压力。 8.D 把戴夫从养老院里接出来需要得到院里的允许。 故选D。donation捐赠;support支持; mercy同情; permission允许。 9.B 因为两人再一次在一起,所以两个人都非常激 动。故选B。 10.A 因为戴夫半身不遂,无法上车,所以需要被 抬上车去。故选A。lift抬起; invite邀请;lead领着; push推。
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11.D 之所以会疼痛,是因为没有知觉的一侧身体 的重量压到有知觉的一侧。通过上下文判断此处是重 量。故选D。 12.B 此处是非限制性定语从句,关系代词which代 指truck,即a real cowboy Cadillac。故选B。 13.D 根据上下文得知,为了能带戴夫兜风,丈夫 卖掉了他喜欢的“凯迪拉克”,买了一辆厢式货车。 故选D。 14.B 厢式货车可以装配轮椅,这正是为半身不遂 的戴夫专门准备的。故选B。create创造; equip装备; change改变;decorate装饰。
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15.C 根据“…it was very painful for Mr Dave to be…into John's truck. Because he was paralyzed on one side.”可知,坐在轮椅上大大减轻了戴夫的痛苦。 故选C。 16.D 戴夫是一个半身不遂的人,所以适合他用的 钓鱼竿和普通的不一样。这个钓鱼竿一定是特别的。 故选D。 17.C but表示前后是转折关系;or表示前后是选择 关系; so表示前后是因果关系; and表示前后是并列 关系。根据上下文可知此处的逻辑关系属于因果关系。 故选C。
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备用习题
18.B 从上文可知戴夫无法交谈,无法告诉养老院 的人“我”的丈夫是谁,所以丈夫被人们误认为是他 的儿子。故选B。 19.A 20.B 作者以丈夫和他的朋友的关系为例,提倡人 与人之间要互相帮助。故选B。

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