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【完胜高考】2014届高三一轮复习精品训练:完形填空(1)(解析版)


(2013 届高三六校高考模拟考试)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-15 各题所 给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In the middle 1800s, there were only a few white settlers in the southwestern United States. The Apache, a nati

ve Indian tribe, lived at 1 with the white settlers.

In February 1861, Lieutenant Bascom, an American military officer, asked to speak with Cochise because a farm had been attacked and a white boy taken away. Cochise was an unusually powerful Apache leader. The whites who knew him both feared and as enemies considered him to be a(n) do the same. Lieutenant Bascom knew nothing about Cochise. The officer was succeeding at his first command. Cochise was not 5 for the attack. So, the Apache chief believed the American soldiers 6 . But 4 only with 3 2 him. Friends as well

man. He always told the truth and expected others to

had come in peace and he went to meet them with his family, which was a sign of Lieutenant Bascom did not understand the sign.

They met in Bascom's cloth tent. Cochise told the officer that his people were not the attack. Lieutenant Bascom, however, accused Cochise of his family would be held prisoner until the boy was returned. Cochise reacted 9 . He stood up, pulled out his knife and cut a hole in the 11 8

7

in

and told Cochise that he and

10 . He

escaped through the hole. The soldiers waiting outside were taken by

. They shot at

Cochise three times but missed. But the soldiers captured the other people. Cochise caught four Americans and left a message for Bascom about 12 prisoners. But

Bascom did not find Cochise's message until two days later. By then, it was too late. The Americans had already 13 Cochise's family. 14 the Americans and he had the prisoners killed.

Cochise immediately made plans to He decided that Americans could 15

be trusted.

The incident led to years of violence and terror. 1. A. ease B. war C. peace D. will

【答案】C 【解析】ease 轻松;war 战争; peace 和平;will 意愿。Apache 一个土著印第安部落,它 与白人的定居者要和平相处,故选 C。

2.

A. loved

B. respected

C. hated

D. envied

【答案】B 【解析】love 喜欢;respect 尊敬;hate 恨;envy 嫉妒。这些白人都很害怕他并且很尊敬他, 故选 B。 3. A. honest B. violent C. ambitious D. outspoken

【答案】A 【解析】 honest 诚实的; violent 暴力的; ambitious 有雄心的; outspoken 坦率的。 always He told the truth 可知朋友和敌人都认为他是一个诚实的人,故选 A。 4. A. busy B. concerned C. faced D. worried

【答案】B 【解析】busy 忙碌的; concerned 关心的; faced 表面的; worried 担心的。这位军官就是 只关心在他的第一个命令。故选 B。 5. A. eager B. prepared C. blamed D. responsible

【答案】D 【解析】eager 渴望的; prepared 准备好的; blamed 混蛋的; responsible 有责任的,可靠 的。Cochise 对这次袭击事件没有责任,故选 D。 6. A. strength B. bravery C. trust D. fear

【答案】C 【解析】strength 体力; bravery 勇敢; trust 信任; fear 恐惧。部落首领相信美国士兵是 可以和平相处的,于是他就带着他的家人去见他,这种做法是一种信任的表现,故选 C。 7. A. involved B. interested C. guilty D. included

【答案】A 【解析】involved 有关的,卷入的,复杂的; interested 感兴趣的; guilty 有罪的; included 包括的。Cochise 告诉军官他的人没有卷入这场袭击,故选 A。 8. A. joking B. pretending C. murdering D. lying

【答案】D 【解析】 joking 开玩笑; pretending 假装; murdering 谋杀; lying 说谎。 Bascom 怀疑 Cochise 说了谎,故选 D。 9. A. quickly B. angrily C. fiercely D. hurriedly

【答案】A

【解析】quickly 快地; angrily 生气地; fiercely 猛烈地; hurriedly 匆忙地。Cochise 反应 很快,故选 A。 10. A. door 【答案】C 【解析】door 门; wall 墙; tent 帐篷; front 前面。根据 They met in Bascom's cloth tent. 可知他们是在帐篷见面。他站起来,拔出刀就在帐篷上划了一个洞,故选 C。 11. A. amazement 【答案】D 【解析】amazement 惊异; nervousness 紧张; terror 恐怖; surprise 惊奇。这里是固定短 语 take …by surprise 惊奇,故选 D。 12. A. releasing 【答案】D 【解析】releasing 释放; returning 归还; killing 杀死; exchanging 交换。Cochise 抓住了 四个美国兵,给 Bascom 留了一张纸条关于交换囚犯的事,故选 D。 13. A. beaten 【答案】C 【解析】 beaten 打败; catch 抓住; hang 绞死; imprison 关押。 根据 he had the prisoners killed 可知他的家人死了。美国人已经把他的家人绞死了,故选 C。 14. A. repay 【答案】A 【解析】repay 回报,报复; reward 报答; remove 移动; resist 抵抗。Cochise 立刻做出 计划来报复美国人,故选 A。 15. A. rarely 【答案】B 【解析】rarely 很少地; never 从不; merely 仅仅; seldom 很少。他决定美国人再也不能 相信了,故选 B。 (广东 2013 届第一次六校联考) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1―15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该题涂黑。 Dad loved children. And he always wanted a 1 family. Eventually, he got what he wanted B. never C. merely D. seldom B. reward C. remove D. resist B. caught C. hanged D. imprisoned B. returning C. killing D. exchanging B. nervousness C. terror D. surprise B. wall C. tent D. front

with twelve children in the family. Without fail, he would show us all to visitors.

Once, Dad

2

presented the first three children in the family, Ann, Mary and Ernestine, 3 model, the 1953

to some visitors. Then he picked up a fourth child, and said, “And this is our complete with all the improvements. And don’t think that this is all, we are model some time next month.” But what he 5 4

most was taking us out for a drive. On one occasion a man in a village 6 that he had seen eleven people in our car, not 7 9 the second baby up from

we were passing through shouted Mum and Dad. 8

, Dad called out over his shoulder, “You

the front here, Mister.” Another time, Dad told us this joke, though we were not sure whether he was telling us the 10. Mum, who was a psychologist, once went to give a lecture and left Dad in charge of the 11 .

When Mum returned, she asked him if everything had been OK. He said everything was 12 except that one of the children had been taught a lesson because he had been 13 . When he pointed at the child that had been 14 Mum looked at him calmly and said, “That’ not one of s ours, dear. He 15 1. A.rich 2. A.surprisingly 3. A.dearest 4. A.ordering 5. A.hated 6. A.doubtfully 7. A.counting 8. A.Immediately 9. A.saw 10. A.truth 11. A.lecture 12. A.expensive 13. A.troublesome 14. A.found 15. A.goes to 1. 【答案】D 【解析】根据下文 he got what he wanted with twelve children in the family.可知父亲想要一 个大家庭,故选 D。 2. 【答案】D 【解析】surprisingly 吃惊地;nervously 紧张地;generously 大方地;proudly 自豪地。父亲 next door.” B.lovely B.nervously B.smallest B.selling B.enjoyed B.excitedly B.naming B.Carefully B.missed B.story B.house B.regular B.careless B.caught B.belongs to C. close C.generously C.latest C.expecting C.cared C. calmly C.showing C.Angrily C.forgot C.adventure C.office C.correct C.active C.punished C.works D.large D. proudly D. youngest D. improving D. hoped D. directly D. reading D. Easily D. left D.accident D. activity D. fine D. quiet D. wounded D. plays

自豪地让大家看最大的三个孩子,故选 D。 3. 【答案】C 【解析】由下文中 next month 可知这是最新的(latest)。故选 C。 4. 【答案】C 【解析】 expect“期待, 盼望”。 不要认为这是所有的, 我们期待下个月的第 1953 模型的出现, 故选 C。 5. 【答案】B 【解析】父亲“最喜欢地”(enjoy most)是带我们去兜风。故选 B。 6. 【答案】B 【解析】doubtfully 怀疑的; excitedly 兴奋的;calmly 平静地;directly 直接地。 有一个人看到十一个孩子很兴奋。故选 B。 7. 【答案】A 【解析】count“计数,计算在内”这十一个不包括父母,故选 A。 8. 【答案】A 【解析】immediately 立刻地;carefully 仔细地;angrily 生气地;easily 容易地。对于那个人 的话,父亲立即回应。故选 A。 9. 【答案】B 【解析】由第一段内容可知有十二个孩子,所以说是漏(missed)了一个。故选 B。 10. 【答案】A 【解析】truth 实情;story 故事;adventure 冒险;accident 事故。我们不确定父亲是 否讲了真话。故选 A。 11. 【答案】B 【解析】母亲出去做演讲,留下父亲照顾家。故选 B。 12. 【答案】D 【解析】他说一切都是好的,根据其中一个孩子给教训了一顿之外”,故选 D。 13. 【答案】A 【解析】troublesome“令人烦恼的”。 其中一个孩子给教训了一顿之外因为这个孩子是令 人烦恼的,故选 A。 14. 【答案】C 【解析】由上文中 taught a lesson 可知这个孩子被惩罚了。故选 C。 15. 【答案】B 【解析】go to 去到; belong to 属于;Work 工作;play 演奏。母亲说:“这不是我们的孩 子,他是邻居家的。”故选 B。


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