商丘一高 2014-2015 学年第一学期期末考试试题 高一英语试卷
注意： 1.本试卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷两部分，共 150 分；考试时间 100 分钟； 2.第 I 卷的答案请用 2B 铅笔涂在答题卷上；第 II 卷请用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔写在指定位置上； 3.交卷时只交答题卷。 第 I 卷（三部分，共 105 分） 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节 20 小题
；每小题 3 分，满分 60 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 A Henry Ford was the first person to build cars which were cheap，strong and fast．He was able to sell millions of models because he could produce them in large numbers at a time；that is，he made a great many cars of exactly the same kind．Ford’s father hoped that his son would become a farmer， but the young man did not like the idea and he went to Detroit（底特律）where he worked as a mechanic （机械师） ．By the age of 29，in 1892，he had built his first car．However，the car made in this way， the famous “Model T” did not appear until 1908，five years after Ford had started his great motor car factory．This car showed to be well-known that it remained unchanged for twenty years．Since Ford’s time，this way of producing cars in large numbers has become common in industry and has reduced the price of many goods which would otherwise be very expensive． 21．Henry Ford was the man to build _____ cars． A．strong and slow B．cheap and long C．fast and expensive D．cheap and strong 22．Ford was able to sell millions of cars，because_____． A. he made lots of cars of the same kind B. his cars are many C. he made many great cars D. both A and B 23．The young man became a mechanic，_______． A．which was against his father’s will B．which was against his own will C．which was his father’s will D．which was the will of both 24．The “Model T” was very famous_____． A．before 1908 B．between 1982 and 1908 C．after 1908 D．before 1892 25．Ford built his own car factory A． in 1913 B．in 1908 C．in 1903 D．in 1897 B A woman from Japan, who had visited major businesses and investment companies in New York City, was telling a friend about her trip to the US. "I studied English before I left home. But I still was not sure that people were speaking English." Her problem is easy to understand. Americans in business are like people who are in business anywhere. They have a language of their own. Some of the words and expressions deal with the special areas of their work. Other expressions are borrowed from different kinds of work such as the theater and movie industry. One such saying is get your act together.
When things go wrong in a business, an employer may get angry. He may shout, "Stop making mistakes. Get your act together." Or, if the employer is calmer, he may say, "Let us get our act together." Either way, the meaning is the same. Getting your act together is getting organized. In business, it usually means to develop a calm and orderly plan of action. It is difficult to tell exactly where the saying began. Perhaps one o f the actors was nervous and made a lot of mistakes. The director may have said, "Calm down, now. Get your act together." Word expert James Rogers says the expression was common by the late 1970s. He says the Manchester Guardian newspaper used it in 1978. The newspaper said a reform policy required that the British government get its act together. Now, this expression is heard often when officials of a company meet. One company even called its yearly report, "Getting Our Act Together." 26. Paragraph 1 is written mainly to . A. tell us the Japanese woman's English is poor B. tell us it is important to grasp spoken English C. lead to the subject in the whole passage D. tell us traveling in the US is very difficult 27. The reason why the woman was not sure that people were speaking English was that A. they speak too fast to follow B. they have some special words and expressions of their own in their field C. they didn't want the woman to learn their experience D. they are from theater and movie industry 28. We can infer that the saying "get your act together" A. began from movie industry B. was created by word expert James Rogers in the 1970s C. was first used by the Manchester Guardian newspaper D. is used commonly in businesses and investment companies at present 29. The best title for the passage is B. The Experience in the US C. How to Learn English Well D. The Word and Its Story: Get Your Act Together C India has many festivals, with some celebrations that last for weeks. However, none of them come even close to Holi, India’s most colorful and fun festival. Celebrated on the day following the full moon, this year’s festival happens to be on March 19th. As with most Indian festivals, this one also has many different folk stories. Most of them center around the success of good over evil. The most popular one is about a king, who hates his son Prahlada for loving the creator of the Universe—Lord Vishnu. When every attempt to stop him fails, his sister, Holika believed to be immune(免疫的) to fire, joins in the effort by inviting the young boy to sit with her inside a huge fire. Helped by the power of Lord Vishnu, Prahlada escapes safely, while the evil Holika is
A. Di fferent Countries, Different Languages
burned to death. To remember this event, huge outdoor fires are lit in the night before Holi in order to clean the air of evil spirits and to celebrate the death of the evil. So what’s so great about this day? While there are some fun parades(游行) and folk songs and dance performances, the most fun of all is walking to the streets and splashing(泼洒) people with water guns and dry colors and even covering them with entire buckets of colored water. On this day, everybody is fair game, no matter how old or how young. At about midday, the splashing comes to an end and people living close to oceans or rivers usually take a bath in the water to clean themselves before going home to a delicious home-made big dinner and a well-deserved short sleep, following this full day of fun and activities. 30. Why does the king dislike his son Prahlada? A. Because Prahlada doesn’t love him. B. Because Prahlada loves Lord Vishnu. C. Because Prahlada is rude to Holika. D. Because Prahlada concentrates on his own success. 31. The underlined phrase “fair game” in Paragraph 3 refers to a person who __________. A. fights against others fairly B. enjoys splashing people C. is the aim of splashing water D. plays a trick on others 32. After the fun activities, people living close to oceans or rivers often take a bath because __________. A. going home with colored water means bad luck B. they have got dirty with dry colors and colored water C. they believe clean water will bring good luck D. taking a bath shows their true love for Lord Vishnu
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第二节 （共 5 小题； 每小题 3 分， 共 15 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 E Ali is from a Middle Eastern country. He now stays in the USA. He smokes a lot of cigarettes every day. He has s moked for nine years. Ali says, “ I tried to quit (放弃) smoking in my hometown, but it was impossible. My parents smoke. My brothers smoke. All my friends smoke. At parties and at meetings, almost all the men smoke. Here in the United States, not as many people smoke. ____36____ ”
Many smokers like Ali want to stop smoking. ____37___ They know it can cause cancer and heart disease. But it is difficult for them to give up smoking because cigarettes have a drug in them. The drug is nicotine. People who smoke a lot need nicotine. ____38___ The nicotine makes him sick. In a few days, the smoker’s body is used to the nicotine, and he feels fine. Later, the smoker needs nicotine to keep feeling fine. Without nicotine, he feels bad. ___39____ Many people who quit will soon smoke again. At a party or at work they will decide to smoke “just one” cigarette. Then they will smoke another cigarette, and another. Soon they become smokers again. ____40____ A. When a person first begins to smoke, he usually feels terrible. B. But it is said that medicine is needed to stop them from smoking. C.The smokers know that smoking is bad for their health. D. Thus nicotine makes smokers addicted to cigarettes. E. It is very hard to quit smoking. F. Maybe there is only one easy way to quit smoking: never start. G. It will be easier to change the smoking habit here. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节：完形填空 (共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 What will happen if you put five cute, little innocent pigs into a tiger’s cave? Instead of pigs being treated as its __41_, love turns nature’s enemies into friends. In a zoo in California, a mother tiger gave birth to a __42__ set of three tiger babies. As this was a very unusual event, _43__ at the zoo was very excited. Unfortunately, the tiger babies were born ahead of time and due to their tiny size, they __44__ shortly after birth. Although __45__ she was fine after she gave birth, the mother tiger was dispirited. The mother tiger’s __46__ was caused by the loss of babies. The __47__ came up with an idea of making her take the place of another mother __48_ . After checking with many other _49__ across the country, all the people were _50__ by the result that there were no tiger babies of the right age to introduce to the poor mother. The veterinarians didn’t __51__ the plan o f improving the tiger’s situation and again they thought of another idea, which was to __52__ the tigers with little babies from an entirely different species (物种). Sometimes a mother of one species will _53__ the care of a different species. So they __54__ five little pigs. It seemed like they could __55_ the tiger, but no one knew what the tiger’s __56__ wo uld be. Would she see them as a meal, or accept them as her own? Then they came up with the _57__ idea of wrapping (包裹) the pigs in tiger skins. Everyone held their breath as they placed the pigs in with the mother tiger. __58_ they felt joy when instead of _59__ them as dinner the tiger accepted them as her new babies! These little pigs now have a __60__ tiger mommy to look after them, and the mother tiger has a way to share her love. 41. A. meals B. toys C. friends D. babies 42. A. healthy B. pretty C. rare D. large 43. A. anyone B. everyone C. someone D. no one 44. A. left B. disappeared C. grew D. died 45. A. physically B. mentally C. probably D. unfortunately 46. A. illness B. power C. sadness D. nervousness 47. A. veterinarians B. keepers C. scientists D. volunteers
48. A. pig 49. A. zoos 50. A. surprised 51. A. regret 52 .A. organize 53.A. give up 54.A. examined 55. A. cure 56 A. reaction 57. A. organised 58. A. Since 59. A. seeing 60. A. cruel
B. tiger C. horse B. parks C. hospitals B. annoyed C. disappointed B. change C. continue B. compare C. replace B. go after C. take on B. found C. discovered B. match C. please B. expression C. feeling B. popular C. ordinary B. But C. Because B. believing C. choosing B. frightening C. selfless
D. D. D.
D. lion D. farms D. encouraged D. stop supply D. get tired of D. trained appreciate D. expectation creative Or D. . imagining D. caring
第 II 卷 第二节 语法填空（共10小题，每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式 Woman： Good morning. Man： Good morning. Er?I’m looking for a place __61___ (rent) near the university. Woman ：What are you looking for, a house, a flat, ___62___ a room? Man： Well, we want a flat if that’s possible. There are three of us looking all together. We thought we might share it if we can find something Woman： So something near the university? Man： Yes. We are all students, so it would be good if we could find something __64____walking distance of the campus. __65____of us has a car and we don’t want to have to take a bus. Woman： Well, everybody wants that of course. Are you here for your first year? Man： No, I __ 66 __ (be) here for a year already. Last year we all lived on campus. __63____ (suit).
Woman： Ok. So let me have a look and consider ____67___we have got. Well, there’s a three-bedroom flat. That’s 400 dollars a week --- quite ___68____ (reason), I think. Man： Oh, That’s too ____69____. Woman： Ok, I’ll try it again. Oh, here is ___70____ one near the Sunshine Book store. It’s a quiet place. Only 150 dollars a week. It’s quite cheap. Would you like to have a look? 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中有 10 处语言错误。每处 错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线， 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者 ( 从第 11 处起 ) 不计分。 Today I’d like to share one of my unforgettable experience with everyone present. My parents had arranged a party for my 18 birthday at a hotel. It was raining heavy outside, so we had to stay inside all night. The room was packed with guests dancing together while we saw smoke. All begin to panic because there were so many of us that we couldn’t get out quickly. Thankfully, we managed open a window and get out of the burning building. To my sorrow, some of them had to go to hospital because of burns and breathing problems and the room which the party took place was completely destroyed. Afterwards, I was told that a building had been struck by lightning and the firefighters had spent approximately 3 hours putting off the fire. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是商丘一高的学生李华，近日收到你的英国朋友 John 的电子邮件。他将于下学期开学来你校借读， 希望提前了解你校的情况。请根据下面提示写一封回信向其介绍你们学校的情况，并欢迎他的到来。信中需包括 以下要点： 1. 学校位置： 商丘市东南角 面积： 300 亩 教学设施：教学楼、体育馆（gym） 、游泳池、实验楼、现 代化的操场等，是一所美丽的、历史悠久的学校。 2. 在校生一万左右，教师 600 多人。 3. 学费(tuition)每生每年 3800 元人民币. 4. 简介一些校规：不准谈恋爱；不准带手机进校。 注意： 1.词数 80-120 字左右。 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好，不计入总词数。 Dear John， I was so pleased to hear from you and am writing to introduce something about our school to you. ————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————— In spite of this, our school is a nice one. Welcome to our school, I believe you can have a nice time. Waiting for your coming. Yours, Li Hua 2014-2015 学年度高一英语第一学期期终考试答案
阅读 A 答案 21-25 DAACC
阅读 B 答案 26-29 CBDD
阅读 C 答案 30-32 BCB 阅读 D 答案 33-35 ABA （E） 36-40 GCAEF 完形填空答案 41-50 ACBDA CABAC 51--60 DCCBB ADBAD 语法填空答案（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 61. to rent. 62. or 63.suitable 64.within 65.None 6 6.have been. 67. what 68. reasonable 69.expensive. 70.another 短文改错【答案】 1.experience 改为 experiences experience 作 “ 经 历 ” 讲 时 ， 是 可 数 名 词 ， 这 里 要 用 复 数 形式。 2.去掉 had 根据上下文，这里应该是一般过去时。 3.heavy 改为 heavily 这里是修饰动词 rain，所以要用副词 heavily。 4.while 改为 when while 引导的从句必须是非延续性动词，所以用 when。 5.begin 改为 began 这里要用一般过去时。 6.managed 后加 to manage to do 有能力做某事。 7.them 改为 us 这里指的是和作者在一起的这些人，所以要用 us。 8.which 改为 where 或 in which take place in 发生在某地。这个定语从句中介词提前，所以要改为 in which 或 where。 9.a 改为 the 这里特指的是作者办生日聚会的那栋建筑物，所以用定 冠词 the。 10.off 改为 out put out 扑灭，熄灭。put off 推迟，延迟。 作文参考答案： Dear John， I was so pleased to hear from you and am writing to introduce something about our school to you. Our school ,covering 300 mu, lies in the southeast of the city of Shangqiu. It is a beautiful school with a long history. There are 4 large teaching buildings, a grand gym, a swimming pool and 2 experiment buildings . Besides a modern sports ground lies in the south of our campus surrounded with trees ,where we hold every sports meeting. There are more than 600 excellent teachers and 10,000 studen ts in our school. They are getting along well with each other, which provides a comfortable learning environment. However, we each have to hand in about 3800 yuan per year for our tuition. besides ,there are some school rules we should obey. For example, we are not allowed to make boyfriends or girlfriends when we are still middle school students; we are also forbidden to carry any cell phones with us. In spite of this, our school is a nice one. Welcome to our school, I believe you can have a nice time. Waiting for your coming! Yours Lihua