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2016高考英语二轮复习 完形填空初期练习(4)


2016 高考英语二轮完形填空初期练习(4)
完形填空 Susan was a shy but clever girl.She couldn't see too well and had worn glasses for many years. Some of her classmates began to__1__at her big glasses.Lewi

s started calling her“Four Eyes”. She acted like she didn't mind, but in fact Susan couldn't__2__it. One day,the class went to visit some famous caves,when Lewis put his foot in a hole and slipped.While__3__,he grabbed onto Susan,who was walking next to him,and both fell down the hole and landed in a very big__4__cave.All that could be seen was a single ray of light coming from the cave roof,and some__5__which had fallen through the hole.Susan and Lewis shouted for help,but no one came.He used the__6__light to look for a way out.But after hours of__7__,he found nothing, and started feeling__8__. It must have been__9__,when Susan noticed that the ray of light was descending from the hole in a straight line,and__10__on the floor in front of her.__11__, she took a piece of__12__that had fallen into the cave,and,using her__13__as a magnifying glass , she__14__the ray of light onto the wood until a little__15__sprang up.Now they had a torch.Lewis watched all this with surprise and__16__.He grabbed some more branches,and off they went together,to__17__the cave. It took them some time,and they had to__18__quite a few torches,but finally they found a way out.He now__19__having given her that name,__20__seeing that it was her glasses that had saved them both. 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。聪明而腼腆的 Susan 因为戴眼镜而受到同学的嘲 笑。但在一次班级出游中,嘲笑她的同学 Lewis 和 Susan 一同掉进了一个漆黑的洞穴中, 是 Susan 用自己的眼镜聚集太阳光点燃了洞里的枯树枝两人才得以走出洞穴。 1.A.shout 解析 B.laugh C.point D.glance

从后一句“Lewis started calling her‘Four Eyes’”可知,同学们开始嘲笑

Susan 戴眼镜。laugh at“嘲笑。” 答案 B 2.A.stand 解析 B.understand C.resist D.stop

根据前句和转折词可知, Susan 表面不在乎别人的嘲笑,但事实上难以忍受。

stand“容忍,忍受”,符合语境。 答案 A
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3.A.passing

B.walking

C.crying

D.falling

解析 Lewis 在滑倒的时候抓住了走在他旁边的 Susan。由语境可知 D 项正确。 答案 D 4.A.narrow 解析 黑。 答案 C 5.A.branches B.stones C.leaves D.fruits B.empty C.dark D.cold

从下句只能看到从洞顶射进来的一束光和后文两人用火把照明可知,山洞里非常

解析 从后文 Susan 用树枝做火把可知,有些树枝掉到了洞中。 答案 A 6.A.natural B.strong C.artificial D.weak

解析 从前文可知,只有一缕阳光照进洞中,由此可知光线很微弱。 答案 D 7.A.waiting B.searching C.planning D.talking

解析 Lewis 试图借着光亮寻找出去的路,但是经过几个小时的寻找,并没有找到出口。 答案 B 8.A.annoyed B.starved C.frightened D.puzzled

解析 经过几个小时的寻找仍未找到出口,他开始感到害怕。 答案 C 9.A.noon C.early morning B.supper time D.late afternoon

解析 阳光直射在洞中,由此判断此时已经是中午了。 答案 A 10.A.shining B.reflecting C.spreading D.landing

解析 从时间到了中午这一细节可知, 阳光从洞口射入, 落在地面上。 land“落下, 掉下”, 符合语境。 答案 D 11.A.Slowly B.Quickly C.Quietly D.Finally

解析 Susan 很快拿起了一块掉在山洞里的木头。故 B 项正确,其他三项均不符合语境。 答案 B 12.A.rock B.grass C.wood D.paper

解析 后文有提示,Susan 用树枝做成了火把,因此此处指“木头”。 答案 C 13.A.keys B.shoes C.glasses D.knives
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解析 从本文最后一句可知,正是 Susan 的眼镜救了两人的命,因此此处指她将眼镜用作 放大镜来点燃木头。 答案 C 14.A.collected C.placed 解析 B.focused D.poured

由语境可知,此处指她用眼镜把阳光聚集在木头上。focus“集中(光束于)”,符

合语境。 答案 B 15.A.air B.smoke C.light D.flame

解析 在阳光的照射下,木头点燃了,出现了小火苗。 答案 D 16.A.excitement C.wonder B.shock D.pride

解析 看到眼前发生的一切,Lewis 感到既吃惊又兴奋,因为两人可以借助火把找到洞穴 的出口了。 答案 A 17.A.explode B.enlarge C.explore D.dig

解析 他又捡了一些树枝,他们一起去探索洞穴。 答案 C 18.A.break B.burn C.hold D.make

解析 两人花费了很长时间,烧掉了好几根火把,但是最终他们找到了出口。 答案 B 19.A.preferred C.enjoyed B.remembered D.regretted

解析 Susan 的眼镜救了两人的命,因此 Lewis 后悔当初给 Susan 起那个外号。regret doing sth“后悔做了某事”。 答案 D 20.A.especially C.carefully B.actually D.thoroughly

解析 尤其是当他看到正是她的眼镜救了两人的命。especially“尤其”,符合语境。 答案 A

【2013嘉定区】完形填空。
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Directions:

For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases

marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Girls that eat with their families are less likely to develop eating disorders, a study says. New research shows girls who regularly have family meals are much less likely to adopt extreme weight control diet pills. A study 51 more than 2500 American high school students found that girls who 52 with food in later 50 such as vomiting (呕吐), using laxatives (泻药) or

ate five or more family meals a week had a much healthier life. The research, 53

in international magazine Archives of Pediatrics and

Adolescent Medicine, polled students aged 13 to 17 in 1999 who were followed up five years later. Regular family meals were found to have a protective effect 54 the

girls’ age, weight, socio-economic status, dieting habits or relationship with her family. Experts say doctors should 55 families to have dinner at the table 56

on the couch in front of the television to keep away from serious eating disorders. Belinda Dalton, director of eating disorders clinic The Oak House, said eating with family helped “normalize” young people's relationship with food. “When the young are feeling that they're not treated properly or when they are feeling completely depressed, they something 58 and accessible for them to control. 59 , if they're sitting with 60 of their their family 57 something that they can control and food is

their family on a regular basis then their family can be more in eating,” Ms Dalton said. “It's about young people feeling and that builds self-esteem (自尊) and sense of 62 61

and that works very actively

against someone developing an eating disorder.” An eating disorders expert, Kirsty Greenwood, said meal times were often difficult for sufferers. “It's typical that they feel very 63 of their eating habits
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and often won't eat with other people. Perhaps it's because they haven't importance of the family meal in their growing up,” she said. 50. A. behaviors 51. A. promoting 52. A. relationship communication 53. A. spread 54. A. in terms of 55. A. tempt 56. A. apart from 57. A. turn down 58. A. available 59. A. Similarly 60. A. emphasis 61. A. related with 62. A. cost 63. A. ashamed 64. A. experienced 【参考答案】50---54: ABACC B. proposed B. because of B. stimulate B. more than B. turn to B. reliable B. Consequently B. control B. associated to B. expense B. proud B. accepted 55---59: CDBAC C. published B. therapies B. surveying C. progress C. impressing B. terms

64

the

D. development D. delivering C. company D.

D. emerged

C. regardless of D. in honor of C. encourage C. other than C. turn over C. reasonable C. Clearly C. response D. attract D. rather than D. turn up D. responsible D. Regularly D. relation

C. connected with D. attached on C. delight C. confident C. profited 60---64: BCDAA D. worth D. ignorant D. benefited

【2013 黄浦区】完形填空。 Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. There is a Web site called the “World Database of Happiness”. It combines and analyzes the results of hundreds of surveys from around the world that have been conducted on life satisfaction. Most of the findings are __50__, but a few are surprising.
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The database makes it clear that there is not a strong connection between material wealth and general happiness. It is a cliché(陈词滥调) to say that money can’t buy happiness, but the old saying seems to be __51__ by research. Many people still stick to the belief that gaining riches will be the answer to all their problems, yet they are probably __52__. Studies have been __53__ on people who acquired sudden wealth, such as lottery winners. In most cases, after the __54__ joy had worn off, people were not left with a sense of lasting happiness. In fact, they tended to revert to the way they __55__ before they became rich. Previously contented(满意的) people continue to be contented, __56__ those who were miserable before sink back into misery. If material wealth does not bring happiness, then what does? Perhaps happiness has something to do with where you live. The authorities at the World Database on Happiness have surveyed __57__ of happiness in different countries. __58__, people in America, Canada, and Singapore are very happy; people living in India and Russia, not surprisingly, are not happy. Other surveys consistently __59__ the importance of relationships. __60__ relationships in particular seem to be the key to long-term contentment. The Web site suggests that falling in love and having children are two of the __61__ that bring the greatest happiness. Nowadays people look to technology as a(n) __62__ source of satisfaction. People increasingly spend more time alone watching TV or surfing the Internet __63__ spending time with family. Can technology truly make people happy? It is too difficult to tell, but one thing is sure: If the Web site’s research is accurate, time spent with your family is a better __64__ than time spent making money. 50. A. different B. predictable C. satisfactory D.

unexpected 51. A. challenged 52. A. generous 53. A. turned out forward
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B. widespread B. positive B. done with

C. overtaken C. hesitated C. carried out

D. supported D. mistaken D. put

54. A. essential

B. pleasant

C. initial

D. enviable

55. A. felt 56. A. as 57. A. levels

B. had B. so B. standards

C. chose C. and C. senses

D. lived D. while D. examples

58. A. Strangely Surprisingly 59. A. point to 60. A. Partner 61. A. situations 62. A. convenient 63. A. as far as 64. A. environment

B. Hopefully

C. Apparently

D.

B. hold up B. Family

C. deal with C. Relative

D. depend on

D. Society D. references D. adequate D. in case of

B. relations B. alternative B. rather than

C. destinations C. everlasting C. as well as

B. circumstance C. investment

D. civilization

【参考答案】50—54 BDDCC

55—59 ADACA

60—64 BABBC

【2013 界虹口区质量监控测试题】完形填空。 Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

When we read books we seem to enter a new world. This new world can be similar to the one we are living in, or it can be very __50__. Some stories are told as if they were true. Real people who live in a __51__ world do real things; in other words, the stories are about people just like us doing what we do. Other stories, such as the Harry Potter books, are not __52__. They are characters and creatures that are

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very different from us and do things that would be impossible for us. But there is more to books and writing than this. If we think about it, even realistic writing is only __53__. How can we tell the difference between what is real and what is not real? For example, when we read about Harry Potter, we do seem to learn something about the real world. And when Harry studies magic at Hogwarts, he also learns more about his real life than __54__. Reading, like writing, is an action. It is a way of thinking. When we read or write something, we do much more than simple look at words on a page. We use our __55__, which is real, and our imagination, which is real in a different way, to make the words come to life in our minds. Both realism and fantasy (幻想) use the imagination and the “magic” of reading and writing to make us think. When we read something realistic, we have to __56__ that the people we are reading about are just like us, even though we __57__ that we are real and they are not. It sounds __58__, but it works. When we read, we fill in missing information and __59__ the causes and effects of what a character does. We help the writer by __60__ that what we read is like real life. __61__, we are writing the book, too. Most of us probably don’t think about what is going on in our __62__ when we are reading. We pick up a book and lose ourselves in a good story, eager to find out what will __63__ next. Knowing how we feel when we read can help us become better

__64__, and it will help us discover more about the real magic of books.

50. A. different necessary 51. A. common 52. A. instructive 53. A. planned 54. A. magic 55. A. grammar 56. A. recall 57. A. hope B.

B.

possible

C.

important

D.

B. usual B. realistic

C. normal C. reasonable C. designed C. dreams C. skill C. imagine C. learn

D. certain D. moral D. imagined D. experience D. words D. understand D. know
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B. thinkable B. lessons

B. knowledge B. ensure find

58. A. terrible 59. A. think about about 60. A. guessing 61. A. In a way 62. A. society 63. A. appear 64. A. writers 【参考答案】50-64: ACBDA

B. dangerous B. talk of

C. serious C. learn from

D. strange D. forget

B. telling B. As usual B. B. minds argue

C. pretending

D. promising D. By the way D. world D. develop D. readers

C. On the contrary C. life C. happen C. professionals CABCD

B. fans BCDDA

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