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人教版高中英语必修3精品教案Unit 1 Festivals around the world

Unit 1
词语 辨析

Festivals around the world

单元要点预览 (旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点) 1. take place / happen / occur / come about / break out 2. celebrate / congratulate 3. gather / collect 4. award / reward 1. beauty n.美, 美丽; 美人, beautiful adj. 美的, 美 美的东西 丽的 beautifully adv. 美丽地;优美地 2. religion n. 宗教,信仰 3. satisfy vt. 满足;使满意 4. arrive vi. 到达,到来 5. depend vi. 依靠,信赖, 决定于 6. energy n. 活力,精力, 能源 词 汇 部 分 7. apologize vi. 道歉,认错 8. sad adj. 悲哀的;十分糟 糕的,令人伤心遗憾的 religious adj. 宗 教 的 , 虔诚的 satisfaction n.满意 arrival n. 到达,到来, 到达者/物 dependent adj.依靠的, 依赖的 independent adj.独立的,自主的 energetic adj. 精力充 沛的,充满活力的 apology n. 道歉, 认错 sadly adv. 悲哀地;凄 惨地 sadness n.悲哀;悲痛; 凄惨 dependence n.信赖,依 赖 independence n. 独 立,自立 energetically adv. 精力 充沛地,积极地 satisfying adj.令人满意 的 satisfied 感到满意的 beautify v.美化,变美

词形 变化

重点 单词

重点 词组

1. mean (meant, meant) vt.&vi. 意思是;意味着;打算;预定 2. starve vi.&vt. (使)饿死;饿得要死 3. belief n. [c,u] 信任;信仰;信心 4. gain vt. 获得;得到 n.[c,u] 收获;获利 5. admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 6. permission n.[u] 许可;允许 7. remind vt. 提醒;使想起 8. forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 原谅;饶恕 1. take place 发生;举行 2. in memory of 纪念;追念 3. dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰 4. play a trick on 对某人搞恶作剧/诈骗/开玩笑 5. look forward to 盼望;期待 6. turn up 出现;到达;发现;调大(音量等) 7. keep one’ s word 守信用;履行诺言 8. hold one’ s breath 屏息;屏住气 9. set off 出发;动身;使爆炸 1. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow. 2. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave. 情态动词的两类重要用法:1.表示推测 2.征询意见(见语法部分)



语言要点(模块) Ⅰ .词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料) 1. take place / happen / occur / come about / break out 【解释】 take place 表示―发生、举行、举办‖,一般指非偶然性事件的―发生‖,即这种事件的发生 一定有某种原因或事先的安排。 happen 作―发生、碰巧‖解,一般用于偶然或突发性事件。 occur 作―发生、想到、突然想起‖解,其意义相当于 happen。 come about 表示―发生、产生‖,多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么,常用于疑问句 和否定句。 break out 意思为―发生、爆发‖,常指战争、灾难、疾病、火灾或者争吵等事件的发生,也 可以表示突然大声叫喊等。 【练习】根据句子的意思翻译或按要求填词。 1). Great changes have _________ (发生) in our hometown during the past ten years. 2). _____________________ (我突然想起) I saw him on my way home yesterday. 3). I _________ (碰巧) to see your sister crying on my way to school yesterday. I was in such a hurry that I had no time to ask what had happened ________ (介词) her? 4). When the Second World War _________ (爆发), Tom was only a newborn infant. 5). I’ ll never understand how it _________ (发生) that you were late three times a week. 6). A big earthquake _________ (发生) in the south of China last year. 答案:1). taken place 2). It occurred to me that 3). happened; to 4). broke out 5). came about 6). occurred / happened 2. celebrate / congratulate 【解释】 celebrate―庆祝‖,后面跟某个节日或物。 congratulate―祝贺‖,一般搭配为 congratulate sb. on (doing)sth.―祝贺某人某事‖。 【练习】根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 1). We all ________ Jessica on her winning the first prize in the writing competition. 2). At Christmas the people in the western countries will ________ the birth of Jesus. 3). Let’s hold a party to ________ your birthday and at the same time ________ you _______ your passing the examination. 答案: 1). congratulated 2). celebrate 3). celebrate; congratulate; on 3. gather / collect 【解释】 gather 用途较广泛,可用于人、物或无形的抽象事物,如人群的集合,食品、财产、文件、 书籍等的收集。强调将分散的东西收集在一起。 collect 强调为了研究目的而做的有鉴别、有计划的收集,并指为了爱好而做的有条理的 安排,对某些事物进行逐渐的收集 这两词用不及物动词时用,常可互换,都表 ― 聚集;聚拢 ‖ 。 【练习】根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 1). The dustmen ________ the rubbish once a week. 2). A group of people were ________ at the accident spot. 3). She ________ up her scattered belongings and left. 4). So when did you start ________ antique glass?

答案: 1). collect

2). gathering/(collecting)

3). gathered/collected

4). collecting

4. award / reward 【解释】 award n.―奖品‖、―奖金‖,指因为作出杰出成就而受奖 win/get/receive an award for sth. vt.―授与‖、―颁发‖、―判给‖ award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. reward n.―赏金‖、―酬金‖或一些非金钱的报酬 as a reward vt. 表示―报答‖、―酬谢‖之意 reward sb. for sth. / reward sb. with sth. 【练习】根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 1). They ________ John the first prize in the contest. 2). Is that how you ________ me for my help? 3). The film won an ________ ________ its photography. 答案:1). awarded 2). reward 3). award; for Ⅱ .词性变化(旨在提供语法填空所需材料) 1. beauty n.美, 美丽; 美人, beautiful adj. 美的,美丽的 美的东西 beautifully adv.美丽地; 优美地 2. religion n. 宗教,信仰 3. satisfy vt. 满足;使满意 4. arrive vi. 到达,到来 5. depend vi. 依靠,信赖, 决定于 6. energy n. 活力,精力, 能源 7. apologize vi. 道歉, 认错 8. sad adj. 悲哀的;十分糟 糕的,令人伤心遗憾的 religious adj.宗教的,虔诚的 satisfaction n.满意 arrival n. 到达,到来,到达者/物 dependent adj.依靠的,依赖的 independent adj.独立的,自主的 energetic adj. 精力充沛的,充 满活力的 apology n. 道歉,认错 sadly adv. 悲哀地;凄惨地 sadness n.悲哀;悲痛;凄惨 dependence n.信赖,依赖 independence n.独立,自立 energetically adv. 精力充沛 地,积极地 satisfying adj.令人满意的 satisfied 感到满意的 beautify v.美化,变美

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). We should respect the ________ (religion) activities of the local people. 2). To the experts’ _________ (satisfy), the sick child had a quick recovery. 3). He is the most _________ (energy) boy I have ever met. 4). Nowadays lots of young people want financial ________ (depend). 5). Mike was arrested on his ________ (arrive) from New York. 6). You must make an ________ (apologize) to your sister for being so rude. 7). He expressed his ________ (sad) about what had happened. 8). Their house is ________ (beauty) decorated. 答案: 1). religious 2). satisfaction 3). energetic 4). independence 5). arrival 6). apology 7). sadness 8). beautifully

Ⅲ .重点词汇(旨在提供词汇综合运用所需材料) 1. mean (meant, meant) vt.&vi. 意思是;意味着;打算;预定 [典例] 1). The sign means that the road is blocked. 这个标志表示此路不通。 2). What do you mean to do with it? 你打算把它怎样处理? 3). I mean you to work as our spokesman. 我想请你当我们的代言人。 [重点用法] (sth.) mean doing sth. 意味着… (sb) mean to do sth. 打算做… had meant to do sth. 本来打算做某事 be meant for 打算作……用;打算给… (sth.) be meant to do sth. 被预定/指定/认为做某事 What do/did you mean by...? ―你……是 什么意思?‖ [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). Can you tell me what this sentence______ (mean)? 2). Your friendship ______ (mean) a great deal ______ (介词) me. 3). In some parts of London, missing a bus means ______ (wait) for another hour. 4). What did he mean ______ (介词) saying that remark? 5). I ______ ______ ______ ______(本来打算来)yesterday, but I had an unexpected visitor. 6). 这些房间是打算用作少年活动中心的。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 答案:1). mean 2). means; to 3). waiting 4). by 5). had meant to come 6).These rooms are meant for the children’s centre. 2. starve vi.&vt. (使)饿死;饿得要死 starvation n.[u] 饿死 [典例] 1). The enemy is trying to starve us to death. 敌人正在企图饿死我们。 2). I’ m starving; let’ s have a big dinner. 我饿得要死了,让我们吃一顿丰盛的晚餐吧。 3). He said he would starve rather than beg for food. 他说他宁愿挨饿也不要饭吃。 [重点用法] starve to death = die of starvation/hunger 饿死 starve sb to death 把某人饿死 starve for sth. = be starved of sth. = hope/long for sth. 希望/渴望得到某物 [练习] 用 starve 的短语的适当形式填空。 1). Thousands of people ________ ________ ________ in Africa. 2). These children are ________ ________ love. 3). The people on the island _______ _______ _______ fresh water since it hadn’t rained for nearly half a year. Keys: 1). starved to death/died of starvation 2). starving for 3). were starved of 3. belief n. [c,u] 信任;信仰;信心 believe vt.&vi. 相信 [典例] 1). He has great belief in his doctor. 他对那位医生无比信赖。 2). She has lost her belief in God. 她已不相信上帝(不相信真有上帝) 。 [重点用法] have belief in sth/sb 对某事物/人的真实性和正确性所具有的信心 beyond belief 难以置 信

in the belief that... 相信 …… It is my belief that... 我相信…… [练习] 用 belief 的短语填空。 1). He came to me ________ ________ ________ ________ I could help him. 2). ________ ________ ________ ________ that nuclear weapons are immoral. 3). The cruelty of the murders was ________ ________. 答案:1). in the belief that 2). It is my belief 3). beyond belief 4. gain vt. 获得;得到 n.[c,u] 收获;获利 [典例] 该词有三种含义: 1). 表示经过努力一点一点地获得自己渴望的东西 He has gained rich experience in these years. 这些年他已获取了丰富的经验。 2). 表示速度、重量等慢慢增加 He gained weight after recovery from his illness. 康复后他的体重增加了。 3).(钟,表)走快 This clock gains five minutes a day. 这只钟每天快 5 分钟。 [重点用法] gain experience / fame / independence 获得经验/名望/独立 gain sth. from 从……处获 得某物 gain other’ s respect / love / trust 获得别人的尊敬/爱戴/信任 No pains, no gains. 一分耕 耘,一分收获。 5. admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 admiration n.[u] 钦佩;羡慕 [典例] 1). I admire your courage and wisdom. 我钦佩你的勇气和智慧。 2). I admired the way she had coped with life. 我钦佩她面对生活的方式。 [重点用法] admire sb. for sth./ doing sth. 在某方面钦佩某人 in admiration 赞美地/钦佩 地 [练习] 中译英。 1). 我们都钦佩他的勇气和胆识。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 2). 所有认识他的人都羡慕他取得诺贝尔化学奖。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 3). 我钦佩地看着那小女孩弹钢琴。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 答案:1). We all admire him for his courage and bravery. 2). All those who knew him admired him for winning the Nobel Prize for chemistry. 3). I watched the girl playing the piano in admiration. 6. permission n.[u] 许可;允许 permit vt. /? '? ? ? ? /准许;许可;允许 permit n./? ? ? ? ? : ? / 许可(证) ;执照

[典例] You have my permission to leave. 我准你离开。 [重点用法] with/without (one’ s) permission 得到允许/未经允许 ask sb. for permission 征 求某人的许可 give sb. permission to do sth.: permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事 have one’ s permission 得 到某人的同意 [练习] 完成句子或用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). They entered the area _______ _______ (未经允许). 2). The prison authorities permit _______ (visit) only once a month. 3). We have arranged to play tennis on Saturday, weather _______ (permit). 4). You will need to obtain planning _______ (permit) if you want to extend your house. 答案:1). without permission 2). visiting 3). permitting 4). permission 7. remind vt. 提醒;使想起 [典例] 1). This story reminds me of my childhood. 这个故事让我想起了我的童年。 2). I reminded Gerald of his promise. 我提醒吉罗德他曾许下的诺言。 3). Please remind me to write to my mother tomorrow. 请提醒我明天给我母亲写信。 [重点用法] remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事 remind sb. of / about sth. 提醒某人记住某 事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 remind sb. that... 提醒某人/使某人想 起…… [练习] 中译英。 1). 这些照片使我想起我的童年。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 2). 请提醒我要每天服三次药。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 答案:1). These photos remind me of my childhood. 2). Please remind me to take my medicine three times a day. Please remind me that I should take my medicine three times a day. 8. forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 原谅;饶恕 [典例] 1). I’ ll never forgive you! 我永远都不会饶恕你! 2). He asked us to forgive him for what he had done wrong. 他请求我们原谅他的错误。 [重点用法] forgive sb. (for) sth. 原谅某人的某事 forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 [练习] 完成句子或用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). I’ ll never ______ ______ ______ ______ (因你所说的话而原谅你) you said to me. 2). They ______ (forgive) him for his crimes. 3). Forgive my _______ (interrupt) you.

答案:1). forgive you for what

2). forgave

3). interrupting

Ⅳ .重点词组(旨在提供词汇综合运用所需材料) 1. take place vi. 发生;举行 [典例] 1). The football match will take place tomorrow. 足球赛将在明天举行。 2). The accident took place/ happened only a block from my home. 事故发生在离我家仅一个街 区远的地方。 [短语归纳] take the place of (动词短语)代替/取代 in place of (介词短语)代替;交换 take sb’ s place / take the place of sb. 坐某人的座位;代替某人的职务 in the last place 最 后 in place 放在原来的位置;适合的,恰当的 out of place 不在合适的位置;不适当 的 in the first place (列举理由)首先,第一点 in one’s place 处于某人的位置,为某 人设身处地想一想 [练习] 用 place 短语的适当形式填空。 1). A little gratitude would be _______ _______. 2). I’ m at a loss what to do next. What would you do (if you were ) _______ _______ _______? 3). Plastics have _______ _______ _______ _______ many other materials. 4). We use plastics _______ _______ _______ many other materials. 5). While the manager was on holiday, he _______ _______ _______. 答案: 1). in place 2). in my place 3). taken the place of 4). in place of 5). took his/her place 2. in memory of = to the memory of 纪念;追念 [典例] 1). Many ceremonies are in memory of famous people. 很多典礼是为了纪念名人的。 2). The statue was built in memory of the famous scientist. 这个雕像是为了纪念那为有名的科 学家而建立的。 [短语归纳] in + n. + of 短语: in honour of 为了纪念……;向……表示敬意 in praise of 歌颂 in favor of 赞同, 支持 in charge of 负责 in need of 需要 in search of 寻找 in possession of 拥有 in place of 代替 [练习] 用 in + n. + of 构成的词组填空。 1). A monument was set up ______ ______ ______ the dead soldiers. 2). He founded the charity (兴办那项慈善事业)______ ______ ______his late wife. 3). If you are ______ ______ ______ anything, don’ t hesitate to let me know. 4). In the discussion, I was ______ ______ ______ Mr. Li. 答案:1). in memory/honour of 2). in memory of 3). in need of 4). in favor of 3. dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰

[典例] 1). Don’ t bother to dress up. Come as you are. 用不著穿讲究衣服--就穿平常的衣服来吧。 2). We’re supposed to dress (ourselves) up as movie characters for the party. 我们在晚会上要装 扮得像电影中的角色。 [短语归纳] dress 短语: dress up for sth. 为某事而盛装 dress up as sb. 打扮成为某人 be dressed in 穿着(衣服或颜色) dress sb./oneself 给某人或自己穿衣 服 [练习] 用 dress 构成的词组填空。 1). The boy ______ ______ ______ a short pant. 2). He ______ ______ ______ Christmas Father to amuse the children. 3). The kids are too young to ______ ______, so she has to ______ ______ every morning. 答案:1). was dressed in 2). dressed up as 3). dress themselves; dress them 4. play a trick/tricks on 对某人搞恶作剧/诈骗/开玩笑;对某人施计谋 [典例] The kids are always playing tricks on their teacher. 孩子们老是对他们的老师搞恶作剧。 [短语归纳] play a joke/jokes on sb. = make fun of sb. 开某人的玩笑 laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 [练习] 填介词或用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). He was let in by playing a trick _______ (介词) the guard. 2). She hated _______ (play) tricks on in public. 答案:1). on 2). being played 5. look forward to 盼望;期待 [典例] 1). I’m looking forward to seeing you this summer vacation. 我期待暑假见到你。 2). I’ m really looking forward to our vacation. 我盼望着假期早日到来。 [短语归纳] 短语中 to 是介词,后接名词、代词及动词-ing 形式: lead to 导致;通向 object to 反对 refer to 查阅;提到 stick to 粘 住;坚持 add to 增加 add up to 总计 把……比作 see to 负 责,处理 get close to 接近;差点 get down to 着手做…… get/be used to 习惯于 pay attention to 注意…… put an end to 结束,停止 admit to 承认 贡献……给;致力于…… [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). The boy hurried forward ______ (see) the world-famous oil painting because he had been looking forward to ______ (see) it for a long time. 2). The day I had been looking forward to ______ (come). 3). I used to ______ (get) up late, but now I’ m used to ______ (get) up early. 答案:1). to see; seeing 2). came 3). get; getting 6. turn up 出现;到达;发现;调大(音量等)

[典例] 1). It’ s time for the meeting, but he hasn’ t turned up. 到开会的时间了,但他还没到。 2). Please turn up the radio. I want to listen to the news. 请把收音机音量调大, 我想听听新闻。 [短语归纳] turn 短语: turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、电灯等) turn off 关上 turn down 减 弱,降低,拒绝 turn around/about 转过身来 turn away 转过头 turn out 生产,制造;(常与 to, that 连用)结果是 turn to sb./sth. (for help) 向……求助,查 阅 [练习] 用 turn 词组填空。 1). Don’ t worry. The file is sure to ______ ______. 2). Please ______ the television ______ a bit, I can’ t hear clearly. 3). It ______ ______ that it was Tim who broke the vase. 4). The sad child ______ ______ his mother for comfort. 答案:1). turn up 2). turn; up 3). turned out 4). turned to 7. keep one’ s word (= keep one’ s promise) 守信用;履行诺言 [典例] He never keeps his word. 他从不履行诺言。 [短语归纳] word 短语: break one’ s word/promise 违背诺言,失信 Word came that… 有消息传来说…… leave word 留言,口信 have/say the last word 下结论;说了算

have a word with sb. 和某人说几句话 have words with sb. 与某人争吵 take back one’s words 收回自己说过的话 in other words 换句话说,也就是说 in a/one word 总之,简言之 in words 用文字 beyond words 无 法用语言表达 [练习] 用 word 词组填空。 1). His score was only 53. ______ ______ ______, he failed in the exam. 2). Could I ______ ______ ______ with you, Miss Jones? 3). You’ ll find that she is a girl who always ______ ______ ______. 4). ______ ______ _______, I think he’ s a fool. 答案:1). In other words 2). have a word 3). keeps/breaks her word 4). In a word 8. hold one’ s breath 屏息;屏住气 [典例] 1). How long can you hold your breath for? 你能屏住呼吸多久? 2). The audience held its/their breath as the acrobat walked along the tightrope. 杂技演员走钢丝 时, 观众都屏住了呼吸。 [短语归纳] breath 短语: (be) out of/short of breath 呼吸急促;喘不过气来;上气不接下气 住气;歇口气 lose one’ s breath 气喘嘘嘘;上气不接下气 catch one’ s breath 屏 get one’ s breath 恢复

正常呼吸 waste one’ s breath (on sb/sth)(对某人/某事物)白费唇舌 白费唇舌 [练习] 用 breath 短语填空。

save one’ s breath 不必

1). He ______ ______ ______ while the results were read out. 2). They won’ t listen, so don’ t ______ ______ ______ telling them. 3). It’ s useless talking to him. You may as well ______ ______ ______. 4). It took us a few minutes to ______ ______ ______ ______after the race. 5). I’ m a bit ______ ______ ______ after my run. 答案:1). held his breath 2). waste your breath 3). save your breath back 5). out of breath

4). get our breath

8. set off 出发;动身;使爆炸 [典例] 1). What time are you planning to set off tomorrow? 你打算明天几点钟启程? 2). The terrorist set off a bomb in the city centre and killed six people. 恐怖分子在市中心引爆了 炸弹,杀害了六个人。 [短语归纳] set 短语: set off for a place 出发到某地 事 set out 从某地出发上路 set sth up 摆放或竖起某物;创立,建立 节省或保留钱或时间 [练习] 用 set 词组填空。 set about doing sth 开始(某工作) ;着手做某 set out to do sth. 开始做某事 set sth aside 将某事物放在一边; (为某目的)

1). The new government must ______ ______ finding solutions to the country’ s economic problems. 2). The children ______ ______ the fireworks in the yard. 3). She ______ ______ a bit of money every month. 4). They ______ ______a statue in honor of the national hero. 5). They’ ve ______ ______ on a journey round the world. 答案: 1). set about 2). set off 3). sets aside 4). set up 5). set off/out Ⅴ .重点句子(旨在提供句子结构等所需材料) 1. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow. 整个国度处处都是樱花盛开,看上去就像罩上了一层粉红的雪。 [解释] as though / as if ―好像‖, 引导表语从句和方式状语从句: 1). 引导方式状语从句 She acted as though nothing had happened.她装得好像什么事也没发生过似的。 当从句主语和主句主语一致, 从句谓语中又含有动词 be 时, 可把主语和 be 一起省去。 He looked about as though (he was) in search of something.他四下张望, 好像寻找什么。 2). 引导表语从句 It looks as if it’ s going to rain.看样子天要下雨了。 3). as though 和 as if 从句用虚拟语气, 还是用陈述语气, 完全根据具体情况而定。如果从句 表示的意思与事实完全相反, 或者纯粹是一种假设, 通常用虚拟语气。

The child talks as if she were an adult. 那孩子说话的样子好象她是个大人。 [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). The pencil looks as if it _______ (break) with half of it in the glass of water. 2). Li Ming speaks English very well as though he ______ (be) an Englishman. 3). It seems as if our team ______ (be) going to win. 4). He talks about pyramids as though he ______ (see) them himself. 答案: 1). were broken 2). were 3). is 4). had seen 2. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave. 很明显咖 啡店老板在等着李方离开。 [解释] It is/was + adj./n./p.p. + that-clause 结构: It was obvious/clear that …= obviously/ clearly, … ―很明显……,显而易见……‖ It is necessary/ important/ strange/ natural + that + sb. should do It is a pity/a shame/ no wonder + that + sb. should do It is said/believed/reported/announced/expected/… + that … [练习] 翻译句子。 1). 真奇怪,这么重要的会议,他居然缺席。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2). 显然,你错了。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 3). 他竟然向我们撒慌,真是可耻。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 4). 据报道,双方的会谈有进展。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 答案:1). It was strange that he should have been absent from such an important meeting. 2). It is obvious that you are wrong. / Obviously, you’ re wrong. 3). It was a shame that he should have lied to us. 4). It is reported that the talks between the two sides are making progress. 课文要点(模块) Ⅰ .课文词汇填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等) 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: There are all kinds of celebrations 1 (遍及)the world. Different countries have different festivals. Festivals of the Dead are held to honour the 2 (death) or to satisfy the ancestors. Festivals can also 3 (hold) to honour famous people. In China, the Dragon Boat Festival honours the famous 4 (古代的) poet, Ou Yuan. The most energetic and important 5 (节日 )are Spring Festivals 6 look forward to the end of winter and the coming of spring. At the Spring Festival in 7 , people eat such things 8 dumplings, fish, and meat and give children lucky money in red paper. Some western countries have very 9 (excite) carnivals, which take place forty days before Easter, usually in 10 (二月) . 答案: 1. throughout 2. dead 3 be held 4. ancient 5. festivals 6. which 7. China

8. as 9. exciting 10. February Ⅱ .课文大意概括(旨在训练用 30 个单词概括大意的能力) 阅读课文,试着用 30 来个单词概括课文大意或翻译下面短文。 文章告诉了我们世界各地五种重要节日并解释了人民为什么, 在何时以及如何举行各种 活动来庆祝这些节日。 The passage tells us ____________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案: passage tells us five kinds of important festivals throughout the world and explains why, The when and how people hold different kinds of activities to celebrate them. Ⅲ .课文佳句背诵与仿写(旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力) 1 【原句】 At that time people would starve if . (when) food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在寒冷的冬月,人们就会挨 饿 [模仿要点]句子结构: when/ if +从句 , especially + 强调 【模仿 1】 在我们遇到麻烦时他总是乐于帮助我们, 尤其是在我们在英语学习中遇到困难时。 _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案: is always ready to help us when we are in trouble, especially when we come across some He difficulties in our English studies 2【原句】 .Today's festivals have many origins, some religions, some seasonal, and some for special people or events.现在的节日有很多由来,一些是宗教上的,一些是季节性的,一些是 纪念特殊的人和事件的。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:―一些…,一些…‖表达 【模仿】我非常荣幸有机会和这么多优秀的同学一起学习,有些非常热心,有些非常勤奋, 有些非常善良。 _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案:It is an honor for me to have the chance to study with so many excellent/ good students, some warm-hearted , some diligent and some kind. 3【原句】 India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britain. [模仿要点] 句子结构:逗号+同位语+定语从句 【模仿】我忘不了布朗夫人,她是我的英语老师,在我感到沮丧的时候她总是鼓励我挑战自 己。 _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案:I will never forget Mrs Brown, my English teacher who always encouraged us to challenge

myself when I was disappointed. 4 【原句】The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. [模仿要点] 句子结构:…are the ones + 定语从句 【模仿】最有经验最有益的老师是那些不仅教给知识的人而且还是教你如果获取知识的人 _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案:The most experienced and helpful teachers are the ones who can not only offer us knowledge but also tell us the way how to gain knowledge. 5【原句】 The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. [模仿要点] 句子结构:分词作定语 covered with …插入 looks as if /as though 【模仿】他的房间到处都是各种不同的图书,看上去仿佛是个小图书馆。 _______________________________________________________________________________ __ 答案:His room, filled with all kinds of books here and there, looks as if it is a small library. 单元自测 (模块) 1 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1—10 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 字数:202 完成时间: 分钟 难度:*** 14 Habits, whether good or bad, are gradually formed. When a person does a certain thing again, he is impelled( 推动, 迫使) by some unseen 1 to do the same thing repeatedly; thus a habit is formed. 2 a habit is formed, it is difficult, and sometimes impossible, to get rid of. It is therefore very 3 that we should pay great attention to the formation of habits. Children often form __ 4 habits, some of which remain with them as 5 as they live. Older persons also form bad habits, and sometimes become ruined by ___6 . There are other habits which, when formed in early life, are of great 7 . Many successful men say that much of their success has 8 to do with certain habits in early life, such as early rising, honesty and thoroughness(彻底性). Among the habits which children should not form are laziness, lying, stealing and so on, these are all 9 formed habits. Unfortunately older persons often form habits which ought to have been __10 We ought to keep from all these bad habits, and try to form such habits as will prove good for ourselves and others. 1. A. action B. courage C. force D. energy 2.A. For B. Once C. Because D. If 3. A. possible B. important C. useful D. helpful 4. A. good B. useless C. bad D. unchangeable 5. A. far B. soon C. long D. early 6. A. themselves B. them C. one D. oneself

7. A. help B. harm C. uselessness D. hardness 8. A. anything B. nothing C. something D. everything 9. A. possible B. hardly C. difficult D. easily 10. A. forgotten B. remembered C. kept D. avoided 答案: 1.C 根据句意,此空是说―被一种无形的力量驱使‖所以应该用 force,选 C。 2. B 这句意思是说―一旦形成习惯就很难摆脱‖。 3. B ―因为习惯一旦形成很难改变,所以我们养成一种什么样的习惯是非常重要的‖,根据 上下的逻辑,这里应该选用 important。 4. C 根据后面―Older persons also form bad habits‖,得知这里应该选 C。 5. C ―as long as they live‖在文中表示这样的坏习惯会伴随他们一生。 6. B ―老人有时候会被坏习惯毁灭‖, 这里应该填一个代词指代前面的坏习惯, 所以用 them。 7. A 这句话承上启下,上文讲了坏习惯给人带来的影响,这里讲好习惯对人很有帮助。 8. C ―成功与好习惯有很大关系‖,与…有关是 have something to so with…。 9. D 这里应该填一个副词,所以首先排除 A 和 C,根据意思,是说这些坏习惯是很容易 形成的,故 D 是正确的。 10. D ―避免形成这样的习惯‖,句子用的是被动语态,所以用 avoided 是正确的。 2.语法填空 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 1-10 的相应位置上。 字数:192 完成时间:9 分钟 难度:*** Christ child Market is a pleasant festival for children in Kitchener, Canada. My husband, my daughter and I attended 1 this year. As we walked through Victoria Park, I breathed in the fresh smell of winter. The bare branches of the trees were shining with Christmas lights 2 the new-fallen snow. In the open areas were children, parents, grandparents and their relatives, 3 smiling as they held their can dies in their hands and waited 4 (patience) for the magic event to begin. As we joined the crowds, we quickly forgot about that COM, for I saw the excitement of the children and the 5 (welcome) smiles of the people around me. Soon the crowd moved to Kitchener City Hall. In the distance we could see all the officials 6 (wait) for us. At the center of the square, the summertime fountain had turned to ice, 7 young children were playing about. 8 the crowds walking into the square, the opening ceremony began: songs, dances and 9 performances. Then the Christmas lights on the Christmas tree were turned 10 , causing everyone to cheer with delight. Christ child Market officially opened! [语法填空] 作者在本文中主要介绍了自己参加加拿大的一个儿童节日的经历。 前面提到 Christ child Market 这个节日,这里缺少宾语,用 it。 2.against against 在这里是―以……为背景;衬托‖的意思。在新雪的衬托下,树木光秃秃的 树枝在圣诞节的灯光中熠熠生辉。 3.all 前面提到 children, parents, grandparents and their relatives,那么他们所有的人都在微 笑, 用 all 指代他们所有人。 4.patiently patience 的副词形式是 patiently。

5.welcoming welcoming 的意思是―热情的,欢迎的,友好的‖。 6. waiting see sb. doing 表示―看见某人正在做……‖ 7. where where 关系副词在从句中作状语表示前面的 at the center of the square。 8. With with 在这里表示―随着……‖ 9. other 前面提到唱歌,跳舞,那么这里就是其他节目。 10. on 圣诞树上的圣诞灯被打开了,turn on 固定搭配。 3.信息匹配 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的 相应选项字母涂黑。 以下是演讲会的资料: A Are you interested in ―Dream of the Red Mansion‖(Hong Lou Meng)? Listen to a lecture on this classical novel. Venue: National Museum of Chinese Modern Literature (Beijing) Time: 9:30 A.m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 84615522 C Former United Nations interpreter Professor Wang Ruojin speaks about her experiences at the UN and shares her understanding of the cultural differences between East and West. Venue: National Library of China (Beijing) Time: 1:30 p.m. – 4:00 p. m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 68488047 E It is the year of the Dog, and you can see ―Fu‖ everywhere. But how much do you know about dogs – man’s best friend? What is ―Fu‖ and where does it come from? Why do people hang ―Fu‖ character upside down on the door? Get all the answers from this free lecture. Venue: Capital Library (Beijing) Time: 2:00 p. m. Price: free Tel: 010 - 67358114 B ―Jiaguwen‖ is among the oldest pictographic characters in the world.How much do you know about it? Get all the answers at this free lecture. Venue: Dongcheng District Library (Beijing) Time: 9:00 A.m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 64013356 D Qi Baishi, one of China’s greatest modern painters, was also a poet, calligrapher(书法 家 ) and seal-cutter( 刻 印 者 ). Can you appreciate his works? Then come to spend the time with us. Venue: Beijing Art Academy Time: 9:00 A.m. – 11:00 A.m. Price: 10 yuan Tel: 010 - 65023390 F About 160 cultural relics from Guangdong, Macao and Hong Kong are on display to April 15th. Meanwhile experts will talk about the important roles these three cities have played in the past two thousand years of Sino–Western exchanges. Venue: Beijing Art Museum Time: 2:00 p. m. – 5:00 p. m. Price: 20 yuan, students 10 yuan Tel: 010 - 83659337


1. Alice is now studying in Beijing University, and she is especially interested in Chinese writing. In her spare time she enjoys drawing, writing poems and is fond of sharing her pieces with her classmates. 2. Simon comes from Egypt. He is now studying in Beijing Art Academy. He shows great interest in Chinese ancient characters. Now he wants to know much about it. 3. Lora and Peter, visiting professors from Australia, are both crazy about Chinese traditional culture. At weekends they like to call on Chinese families to learn about Chinese festivals as well as their history. 4. Edward is a senior student in Beijing Foreign Language University. He likes traveling very much and has made up his mind to work as an interpreter for some joint–venture enterprises (合资 企业). 5. Steve and Mark are both studying in the Chinese Department of China’s Renmin University. They want to do some research on Chinese ancient literature. 答案: 1. D 由演讲中的信息:a poet, calligrapher, and seal-cutter;对应想去听演讲的人员的基本信 息:Chinese writing, drawing, writing poems。 2. B 由演讲中的信息:Jiaguwen, the oldest pictographic characters in the world, Chinese ancient characters。对应想去听演讲的人员的基本信息:He shows great interest in Chinese ancient characters. 3. E 由演讲中的信息:the year of the Dog, see ―Fu‖ everywhere, Chinese festivals as well as their history。对应了想去听演讲的人员的基本信息 they are both crazy about Chinese traditional culture. 4. C 由演讲中的信息:interpreter, the cultural differences between East and West。对应 work as an interpreter for some joint–venture enterprises 5. A 由演讲中的信息: Dream of the Red Mansion(Hong Lou Meng), Chinese ancient literature。 对应 They want to do some research on Chinese ancient literature. 4.基础写作 在当今世界, 了解最新信息是很关键的。 请你结合下面的提示, 写一篇关于信息的短文。 信息的重要性 1.在许多领域,成功与否取决于是看得到最新信息 2.失败与缺乏信息有关

信息的来源渠道 1.阅读报刊、收听广播、观看电视等 2.上网查询资料 信息的前景 信息将起着越来越重要的作用

(写作要求) 1.必须使用 5 个句子介绍全部所给的内容。 2.将 5 个句子组织成连贯的一篇短文,使用必要的连接词。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________ [答案] In the modem world, it is important to be well informed, because success in many fields depends on getting the latest information. While, failure often results from the lack of necessary information. There are many ways of getting information. For example, we read newspapers and news magazines, listen to the news on the radio, watch it on television, and we can also surf the Internet for various kinds of information. It is believed that information will play a more and more important part in the future.


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