高一英语上学期期末测试题 120 分(一) 第一部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 1．The moment the cat heard the mice noises，it of the door． A make，rushed out B making，rushing out C make，rush
ing out D making，rushed out 2．The naughty boy to me that the hen there just now had two eggs the day before． A laid，laid，laid B 1ied，lying，laid C 1ied，laid，lain D 1aid，lay，lain 3．The police found that the house and a lot of things ． A has been broken into，has been stolen B had broken in，had been stolen C had been broken into，stolen D has been broken into，stolen 4．一 I hear Jane fell off her bike and had her arm hurt． — ，why not go to see her? A If so B If it C If not D If ever 5．一 I’d like to take a week’s holiday． 一 ．We’re too busy． A Don’t worry B Don’t mention it C Pardon me D Forget it 6．The look on her face suggested that she it before． A amazing，wouldn’t know B amazed，hadn’t known C amazing，hadn’t known D amazed，shouldn’t know 7．We spent a day in the country，picking wild flowers． the car full of flowers we went home． A Filling B Making C On D With 8．It is quite impossible for people to do work in a day． A such little，such much B so few，so much C such few，so much D so few，so little 9．Not only interested in football but beginning to show an interest in it． A the teacher himself is，all his students are B the teacher himself is，are all his students C is the teacher himself．are all his students D is the teacher himself，all his students are 10． made me unhappy was he didn’t give me a call and left． A What，what B Which，what C That，that D What，that 11．一 This is picture I told you about． 一 I see．Isn’t it beautiful one? A a，a B a，the C the，the D the，a 12．I will never forget the day Shenzhou VII was launched，has a great effect on my life． A when，which B that，which C which，that D when，that 13．Tuantuan and Yuanyuan are the names given to the two pandas which have been sent to Taiwan． A commonly B officially C personally D gonerally 14．一 What will happen to the children if Jim and Mary ? 一 I don’t know but I think it’s a really terrible thing． A break down B break out C break up D break in 15．I sent my American e-pal an e-mail last week，and he replied ，which I hadn’t expected． A in no time B at one time C at a time D in some time 16. Poetry also _____all the colours, feelings, experiences and curious images of a dream world. A. calls for B. calls up C. calls on D. calls in 17. ____we must do is _____the use of energy. A. That; to reduce B. How; to reduce C. What; reduce D. That; reduce 18. To know what is good and _____are two different things. A. doing what is right B. does what is right C. to do what is right D. did what was right 19. _____ we have known, grammar is a set of dead rules. A. What B. As C. That D. Which 20. Children, you must be_____ cross the road when the traffic is busy. A. careful enough not to B. enough careful not to C. careful enough don’t to D. enough careful not
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） Nicola’s Love for Her Violin Can love between partners with a 237-year age gap (差距) lead to the perfect match (绝配)? Nicola Benedetti thinks so．The 18-year-old 21 and her “partne’’r, a 255-year-old Italian violin, 22 to China for the first time last weekend．She 23 in Beijing on September 15 and also performed in Hangzhou and Shanghai. Nicola is from Scotland and 24 playing the violin when she was four years old． 25 , it was not something her parents 26 her do．She went with her sister to violin lessons and 27 it and improved very quickly. “There are so many different things I am fond of about the 28 ,” she said．“I can’t really 29 it but I love giving live performances, I like the feeling of playing and communicating with the 30 ． I love the feeling of the violin under my chin (下巴).” However, playing violin six hours a day is not a/an 31 job．“I usually 32 in an upstairs bedroom when I’m at home.” she said．“But sometimes, when it’s 33 outside, it can be upset．The house is right on the 34 and I can see others having fun 35 I’m on my own.” Although practising is sometimes lonely, Nicola 36 felt she was lucky．“You can’t have 37 ．I am really lucky to do what I love doing,” she said． Her 38 paid off (终有回报)． Nicola won BBC Young Musician of the Year in 2004 at 16. 39 her performing and recording activities, Nicola is a/an 40 of UNICEF (联合国儿童基金会)．She said that she would travel to Lesotho in southern Africa at the end of this year to help poor kids there. 21．A．singer B．writer C．pianist D．violinist 22．A．came B．turned C．ran D．moved 23．A．checked B．played C．visited D．remained 24．A．stopped B．requested C．started D．ignored 25．A．So B．And C．But D．However 26．A．made B．persuaded C．wanted D．got 27．A．noticed B．concerned C．minded D．loved 28．A．lessons B．violin C．performances D．show 29．A．explain B．imagine C．determine D．refuse 30．A．foreigners B．friends C．audience D．teenagers 31．A．boring B．easy C．wonderful D．tiring 32．A．work B．rest C．stay D．practise 33．A．cool B．sunny C．windy D．cloudy 34．A．river B．hill C．farm D．beach 35．A．while B．as C．so D．for 36．A．even B．still C．ever D．almost 37．A．anything B．something C．everything D．nothing 38．A．time B．music C．efforts D．action 39．A．Because of B．Besides C．Instead of D．Thanks to 40．A．adviser B．manager C．organizer D．supporter 第二部分 阅读理解 （共 20 题，每题 2 分，满分 40 分） A If you are ever lucky to be invited to a formal dinner party in Paris, remember that the French have their own way of doing things, and that even your finest manners may not be "correct" by French custom. For example, if you think showing up promptly at the time given on the invitation, armed with gifts of wine and roses, complimenting your hostess on her cooking, laughing heartily at the host’s jokes and then leaping up to help the hostess will make you the perfect guest, think again.
Here Madame Nora Chabal, the marketing director of the Ritz Hotel in Paris, explained how it works. The first duty of the guest is to respond to the invitation within 48 hours. And, the guest may not ask to bring a guest because the hostess has chosen her own. Flowers sent in advance are the preferred gift. They may also be sent afterwards with a thank-you note. It is considered a very bad form to arrive with a gift of flowers vase when she is too busy to do that. See, that’s the logic! The type of flowers sent has a code of its own, too. One must never send chrysanthemums because they are considered too humble a flower for occasion. Carnations are considered bad luck, and calla lilies are too reminiscent (令人联想）of funerals (葬礼). A bouquet of red roses is a declaration of romantic intent. Don’t send those unless you mean it, and never to a married hostess. And though the French love wine, you must never bring a bottle to a dinner party. Why, it’s as if you feared your hosts would not have enough wine on hand, and that’s an insult. You may, however, offer a box of chocolates which the hostess will pass after dinner with coffee. If an invitation is for eight o’clock, the considerate guest arrives at 8:15. Guests who arrive exactly on time or early are mere thoughtless ones who are not giving the hostess those last few minutes she needs to deal with details and crises. The "correct" guest arrives between 15 to 20 minutes after the hour because dinner will be served exactly 30 minutes past the time of the invitation. 41 Which of the following is right about sending flowers? A. If someone is dead, send chrysanthemums or calla lilies. B. If someone is ill in hospital, send carnations. C. If you are invited to a dinner party, send red roses to the hostess. D. If you are in love with someone, send red roses. 42. If you are too busy to send flowers in advance, what should you do? A. Bring a bouquet of flowers when you go to the party. B. Send a bouquet of flowers afterwards with a thank-you note. C. Bring a bottle of wine instead of a bouquet of flowers. D The hostess will never mind if you send flowers or not. 43. What does the word "considerate" in the last paragraph mean? A. 尊敬的 B. 值得考虑的 C. 考虑周到的 D. 相当多的 44. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to hold a dinner party. B. How to send flowers. C. Good manners at a French dinner party. D. Different countries have different manners. 45. In France, if you are invited to a dinner party due at eight forty, what is the best time you arrive? A. 8:25. B. 8:10. C. 9:00. D. 8:35. B Mark Twain, a great writer and speaker, was famous for his humor. Many people liked to listen to his talk because he liked to tell some interesting stories to make people laugh all the time. One day Mark Twain was going to a small town because of his writing. Before he was going to leave, one of his friends said to him that there were always a lot of mosquitoes(蚊子) in the town and told him that he’d better not go there. Waving his hand, Mark Twain said “It doesn’t matter. The mosquitoes are not relatives of mine. I don’t think they will visit me.” After he arrived at the town, Mark stayed in a small hotel near the station. He went into his room, but when he was just about to have a rest, quite a few mosquitoes flew about him. The waiters felt very sorry about that. “I’m very sorry, Mr. Twain. There are too many mosquitoes in our town.” One of them said to him. Mark, however, made a joke, saying to the waiter, “The mosquitoes are very clever. They know my room number and didn’t come into the wrong room.” What he said made all the people present laugh heartily. But that night Mark slept well. Do you know why? That was because all the waiters in the hotel were driving the mosquitoes away for him during the whole night. 46. That day Mark Twain went to the town _____.
A. to see one of his friends B. because he wanted to do something there for his writing C. because he was told there were a lot of mosquitoes there D. to see one of his relatives 47. The waiters felt sorry because ______. A. they did something wrong to Mark B. their hotel was too small C. the room was not very clean D. there were quite a few mosquitoes in Mark’s room 48. All the people present laughed heartily because _____. A. the mosquitoes were very clever and they didn’t come into the wrong room B. the mosquitoes knew Mark’s room number C. Mark gave the waiters some nice presents D. Mark made a joke 49. From the story we know ________. A. no mosquitoes troubled Mark at night B. the owner of the hotel told the waiters to look after Mark well at night C. Mark didn’t have a good sleep that night D. there were no mosquitoes in the hotel any longer C Why is a full moon, yellower and bigger when it is coming up than when it is higher in the sky? That's a good question about something that we all can see. Let's talk about the moon's color first. We see the moon only because of the sunlight that falls on it and is reflected. Actually, the moon is not a very good reflector, because its surface is all rocks and dirt. We see it in almost its true color when it is high in the sky. When the moon first comes up, its light reaches our eyes after an extra-long path through the atmosphere (大气). There are lots of particles (微粒) scattering (分散) light in that long path. Blue light is scattered more than other colors, which means that it doesn't reach your eyes. The light that is left over looks yellow to your eye. Now about the other question—why the moon seems to change in size. That's more complicated. It's not an effect of the atmosphere, the way color is; it's not caused by something fooling your eyes. It seems, instead, to be caused by something that fools your brain—an illusion(错觉). Here's a drawing that creates an illusion. The two cones(圆锥体) are really the same size. But the rest of the drawing makes the right-hand cone seem farther away. Your brain knows that faraway objects are really larger than they look. It decides that the right-hand cone must be larger because it seems to be farther away. Similarly, when you see the moon just come up over a line of trees or houses—or whatever makes the horizon(地平线)—it may be that your brain decides that the moon must be larger because it seems to be farther away. 50. The moon doesn't reflect the sunlight very well because _____. A. it is high in the sky B . its surface is rough C. its surface is white D. it isn't a good reflector 51.Which statement is true according to the passage? A. In the course of its rising, the moon is getting smaller and smaller B. The size of the moon is more complicated than its color C. The atmosphere has the same effect on the moon's size as on its color D. The change in the moon's size is caused by an illusion while that in its color is caused by the atmosphere 52. After reading this passage, you can possibly answer one of the following questions. Which one? ______. A. Why is the sun bigger when it rises over the horizon? B. Why does the sun look bigger when it rises over the horizon? C. Why does the sun look golden? D. Why does the sun rise in the east? 53. Who do you think probably wrote this passage?________. A. A novelist B. A reporter C. A science editor D. An English tea cher． D
In a great many cities, hundreds of people ride bikes to work every day. In New York, some bike riders have even formed a group called Bike for a Better City. They declare that if more people rode bikes to work, there would be fewer automobiles in the downtown part of the city and so less dirty air from car engines． For several years, this group had been trying to get the city government to help bike riders． For example, they want the city to draw special lanes(车道) for b ikes on some of the main streets, because when bike riders must use the same lanes as cars there are accidents. Bike for a Better City feels that if there were special lanes, more people would use bikes． But no bike lanes have been drawn. Not everyone thinks it is a good idea—they say it will slow traffic. Some store owners on the main streets don’t like the idea—they say that if there is less traffic, they will have less business． The city government has not yet decided what to do． It wants to keep everyone happy. On weekends, Central Park—the largest place open ground in New York— is closed to cars, and the roads may be used by bikes only． 54. In New York, a group of bike riders _____． A. are keeping practicing for health B. have no cars of their own C. are complaining there are not enough buses D. are trying to settle the problem of air pollution 55. The bike riders suggest that ______． A. bikes should be used instead of cars B. bike lanes should be drawn C. fewer buses or cars should be used D. the number of special lanes should be decreased 56. The advantage of the special lanes is that _____． A. they will make cars and buses run slowly B. they will make it easier for bike riders to go to parks C. they will make the city more beautiful D They will prevent accidents. E Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia (南斯拉夫),on August 27,1910. She attended the government school near her home until she was eighteen. At that time, some doctors and nurses from Yugoslavia were working in India, and they often wrote to the school about their work. She decided to join them one day. When she left school, she went first to Britain. Then a year later she went to India, where she began to train to be a teacher. After training, she was sent to Calcutta, where she taught geography at a school and soon after became headmistress (校长). However, although she loved teaching, in 1946 Mother Teresa left the school and went to work in the poor parts of Calcutta. Later she trained to become a nurse in Patna, and then began her work helping the poor and comforting the dying in the streets of the city. Slowly, others came to help her, and her work spread to other parts of India. Mother Teresa is now a well-known person. Many photos have been taken of her, as she travels the world to open new schools and hospitals in poor countries. In 1979, she was given the Nobel Peace Prize for the lifetime of love and service she has given to the poor. 57. Where did Mother Teresa receive her education? A In Yugoslavia and India. B In Yugoslavia and Britain. C In Britain and India. D In Yugoslavia, Britain and India. 58. What first made Mother Teresa work in India? A. Her visit to the poor parts of Calcutta. B. Her visit to Britain after she finished school. C. The medical workers’ letters to her school. D. The work of the nurse in the city of Patna. 59. In which order did Mother Teresa do the following things? a. Trained to be a nurse b. Went to India c. Helped the dying d. Studied to be a teacher e. Went to Britain f. Worked as a headmistress A. b, a, c, e, d, f B. e, b, d, f, a, c C. b, f, a, d, e, c D. e, a, b, c, d, f 60. Mother Teresa gave up teaching because she wanted ______. A. to look after the poor B. to travel to poor countries C. to build hospitals for the poor D. to train nurses to care for the poor 第三部分：写作 （共两节，满分 30 分 ）
第一节 短文改错 （共 10 小题 ，每小题 1 分；满分 10 分） 改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右边横线上画一个勾（√） ； 如有错误（每行只有一个错误） ，则按下列情况改正： 该行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线（╲ ）划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划掉。 该行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧ ） ，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 Life in the twenty－one century will be very 61．______ different with life today．There will be many 62．______ changes．What will the changes have？The population 63．______ is growing fast．That will be more people in 64．______ the world and most of them will live in longer 65．______ than they do now．Computers will be much 66．______ more smaller and more useful，and there will 67．______ be one in every home．People will work few 68．______ hours than they now and they will have more 69．______ free time for reading books，watch TV and traveling． 70．______ 第二节：书面表达（满分 20 分） 快餐现在在我国很流行，人们，尤其是儿童和青少年喜欢吃快餐。请你根据下列提示以“Fast Food”为题写 一篇英语短文。 提示：1．快餐受欢迎的原因。2．从营养学讲，快餐对人体没有什么好处。3．儿童应少吃快餐。 注意：词数 100 左右。生词：营养 nutrition 方便 convenient _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 单项选择 1-5 DBCAD 6-10 BDBDD 11-15 DABCA 16-20 BCCBA 完形填空： 21-25 DABCD 26-30 ADBAC 31-35 BDBDA 36-40 BCCBD 阅读理解 41-45 DBCCC 46-49 BDDA 50-53 BDBC 54-56 DBD 57-60 ACBA 短文改错 61 twenty-one→ twenty-first 62． with→ from 63． have→ be 64． That→ There 65． 去掉 in 66． 67．去掉第一个 more 68．few→ fewer 69．∧ now→ do 70．watch→ watching 书面表达 Fast Food Fast food is becoming more and more popular in China now, especially among children and teenagers. There are several reasons for this. First, it is very convenient, and it can save a lot of time. You just go into a fast food restaurant, order your food, and the food is ready in no time. Second, you can eat it there in the restaurant or take it away. It is at your own pleasure. What’s more, the environment of a fast food restaurant is both clean and comfortable. Also, the service is usually good. However, in terms of nutrition, fast food is far from being satisfactory. It is not a balanced diet. It is too high in fat and sugar, while too low in nutritional value. Therefore, it is bad for your health. People, especially children, should have it as little as possible.