江阴一中 2016 届高三英语周练 1
2015 年 9 月 12
听力 （共两节，满分 20 分）
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题。从
题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man want to do? A. Take it easy. B. Finish his work. C. Get something to eat. 2. What does the woman suggest the man buy? A. A dress. B. A purse. C.A jacket 3. When does the man go to the library? A. On Saturday. B. On Sunday. C. On Monday. 4. Where does this conversation most likely take place? A. At a clothing store. B. At a laundry place. C. At a restaurant. 5. How does the woman respond to the man? A. She is disappointed. B. She is impressed. C. She is optimistic. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 短话或独白，每段话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做大时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why won’t the woman’s sister come to dinner? A. She has to work late. B. She has an appointment. C. She is in another town. 7. How does the man feel about the dinner tonight? A. She is very excited. B. He is a little disappointed. C. He is quite angry. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Where does the woman plan to go? A. San Francisco. B. Sacramento. 9. What is the best way to see California according to the man? A. Go there by plane. B. Take the train along coast. C. Go through the center of California. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why did the man fall asleep? A. He is sick. B. He works at night 11. Why does the man have to work? A. To pay for school. B. To pay his debts. C. To pay his hospital bill.
C. Los Angeles.
C. His class was boring.
12. Where will the man probably go next? A. To a class. B. To the financial aid office. C. To the student employment office. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How did the woman get the computer? A. She ordered it. B. She borrowed it. 14. What surprises the man about the computer? A. The size. B. The price. 15. What did the woman do in the cafe today? A. She talked with a friend. B. She worked on he resume. C. She looked for a job there. 16. How does the woman feel about noisy cafe? A. She dislikes the noise. B. She ignores the noise. C. She is inspired by the noise.
C. It was a gift. C. The color.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is required for guests? A. A photo ID. B. A life jacket. C. Gym shorts. 18. What must be reported to the gym staff? A. Spitting. B. Children’s “accident”. C. Any illnesses after swimming. 19. At what age can children swim alone? A. Nine years old. B. Ten years old. C. Eleven years old. 20. Which pool policy has changed? A. The business hours. B. The showering rules. C. Required swimming clothes.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选择中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Twelve years later, South Korea held the Asian Games ________ second time. All the athletes said they had never been to ________ more beautiful city than Incheon(仁川), South Korea. A. The; the B. a; a C. the; a D. a; / 22. Remember to read about any taboos related to clothing, especially if you plan to visit ________ are considered holy. A. which B. where C. what D. that 23. — George said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he ______ A. wouldn’t B. didn’t C. hasn’t D. hadn’t 24. ----Was _______ Bill, _______ played basketball very well, ________ helped the blind man cross the read? A． it；who；that B. this; who; that C. which; that; that D. it; that; who
25. ---Have you worked out your plan? ---We have got a general idea of what we want, but nothing _________ at the moment. A. ambiguous B. permanent C. concrete D. ambitious 26. According to the Gini Index, the degree of wealth concentration in China has risen by a third in the past 35 years and now is larger than ________ of the USA A. this B. one C. that D. such 27. “Qianshui(潜水)”, which ________ means diving, now refers to someone who only views the postings across the website but never makes any comments. A. deliberately B. originally C. accidently D. ridiculously 28. It _______ me the other day that I might not have paused to think of the life meaning for years. A. appealed to B. referred to C. occurred to D. happened to 29. --- What has make him so knowledgeable? --- ________ domestic and foreign classics. A. Having exposed to B. Being exposed to C. Exposing to D. Exposed to 30. Joint development plan of Nanjing-Zhenjiang-Yangzhou ________, residents in the area will enjoy a happier life. A. was released B. being released C. released D. having released 31. Have you heard of such an experiment ________ wine experts were fooled into thinking a cheap bottle of wine was an exceptional one with labels changed. A. as B. where C. that D. which 32. ___________ to the current education system of China, the Ministry of Education should make some changes to make it more efficient for selecting talents. A. Most of us are so accustomed B. So are most of us accustomed C. Accustomed as most of us are D. As most of us are accustomed 33. On behalf of my university, I give you this offer _______ all you have done for world peace. A. in possession of B. in consequence of C. in celebration of D. in appreciation of 34. I don’t think that your lecture _________ the audience, for they appeared quite puzzled A. got across to B. got close to C. got away with D. got along with 35. ---We can’t bear the air pollution in this city anymore. It is getting worse and worse. --- _______! We’ve never had so many chemical factories before. A. I wouldn’t bet on it B. You said it C. Keep it up D. Come off it
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 “Kevin, we are getting a divorce,” said my mother. My heart plunged. I was 9 years old and I thought that my life was going to___36___ . My brother and I were going to move with my mother to southern California. My dad was to__37_____ in New Jersey because of work. My family was splitting apart. Now that my mom is a single parent, I do my own _38____, make dinner and do extra chores around the house. __39________it was hard at first, I now recognize the positive _40_______that this responsibility had on me. My mother gave me these chores and duties so that I would learn to become__41______ and trustworthy.
I strive to display these__42______ in all aspects of my life, and have seen the benefits. When I was only 11 years old, my___43___ told me that he was selecting me as soccer team captain because of my determination and ability to get my teammates to 44______ themselves. We lost the championship, but I won the _45______play award for keeping my team together. I am always___46_____ to be an individual and not participate in anything that I feel is wrong. I am, for example, extremely proud of my decision not to drink alcohol. _47_____ , I don’t feel the need to drink to have fun, and I stand by my decision even when others try to_48______ me. My mom and dad both found new___49____ and happily remarried. I am ___50__ _close to my father, even though he lives 4,800 km away. I thought my parents’ divorce was going to be the worst thing that_51_____ happened to me. Ironically (讽刺的是), it turned out to be the ___52______ . I wasn’t willing to let it ruin my life without putting up a fight, and_____53____ was my family. At age 9, I struggled with the confusion and____54_____ of divorce. Today, at age 16, I understand that_____55___ can bring opportunity and success, and that hard work, determination and self-control can turn your worst time into your best time.
36 A．fall apart : 37 A．fight : 38 A．careless : 39 A．Although : 40 A．attitude : 41 A．achievements : 42 A．chores : 43 A．father : 44 A．enjoy : 45 A．won : 46 A．wrong : 47 A．afraid : 48 A．cheat : 49 A．families : 50 A．still
B．stand out B．remain B．cruel B．Because B．experience B．abilities B．difficulties B．headmaster B．teach B．lost B．abnormal B．tired B．persuade B．jobs B．not
C．carry on C．accompany C．nice C．If C．effect C．chores C．feelings C．brother C．help C．had C．dynamic C．proud C．please C．kids C．rarely
D．come true D．practice D．single D．Since D．situation D．disadvantages D．qualities D．coach D．push D．achieved D．violent D．fond D．cheat D．partners D．less
: 51 A．never : 52 A．best : 53 A．challenge : 54 A．pain : 55 A．obstacles :
B．even B．worst B．protect B．memory B．families
C．ever C．busiest C．beat C．importance C．parents
D．almost D．first D．ruin D．celebration D．divorce
阅读理解（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A
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56. People buy the product probably because with it________. A. they can make their online activities safe. B. they can back into other computers easily. C. they can get as many videos as they like
D. they can improve their work efficiency 57. Express VPN is user-friendly because_______ . A. it provides unusual bandwidth and speed B. it can go with many operating systems C. it can ensure you to visit any websites D. it can be installed wherever you like 58. What makes the advertisement persuasive? A. That customers are promised help the moment the app fails. B. That the app will satisfy customer’s need as long as they pay. C. That people can get their money back if not satisfied in a month. D. That the apps promoted in the ad can only work in the background. B The word phubbing means ignoring the person you are with in favor of your phone. Many believe that our smartphones have become so deeply a part of our lives that they have started threatening our social lives. But is phubbing a reflection of a world that is becoming more disconnected and a world in which the art of conversation is disappearing? Is it a problem at all? Is phubbing something we have a slightly disdainful（鄙视的）attitude toward? Psychologists who study human behavior in order to understand, predict and modify it are certainly interested in questions like phubbing, which relate to human development. Sociologists would want to know whether the phenomenon is contributing to a breakdown in the social order of society. At first sight, it certainly seems that the act of ignoring our companions in social settings is rather anti-social and harmful. Deeper inspection, however, suggests that phubber phenomenon may be a rather good continuation of activities put in place long before smartphones became a hit. In questioning the modern adaptation, consider activities before phubbing. For example, groups of people have for many years gotten together to go to movies, a social activity. But then those people spend an hour or two remarkably absorbed in the cinematic world. True, those same people will often discuss the movies afterwards and they have, unlike phubbers, shared a common experience. But families have gathered around TV sets for many years, lost in their individual fancy and the chance of post-TV-watching discussions about what the people have viewed is small. Although the TV experience has been shared, no meaningful familial exchanges occur. While psychologists have for years debated the virtues and vices （善与恶） of TV, the general consensus seems to be that like other behaviors such as smoking or drinking, TV is okay in moderation and under appropriate conditions. For example, a family or friends might be eating dinner together and all checking e-mails, working apps or talking with other friends. No one in the group is ready harmed by such an activity, and conversations, despite not among those gathered, are still taking place. We are indeed socializing, but on a grander scale. However, rather than demonize the phubbing phenomenon, we should probably draw a similar conclusion like other potentially harmful behaviors; phubbing is okay when restrained （约 束）as to the amount and occasion. 59. Which of the following belongs to phubbing phenomenon?
A. Being addicted to films connected with phones. B. Having dinner together with friends who own phones. C. Improving the art of conversation with their phones. D. Taking no notice of people around due to their phones. 60. The sociologists are most concerned _______. A. whether the phubber phenomenon is a good continuation of activities B. whether the phubber phenomenon has some bad effect on society C. whether the phubber phenomenon is a reflection of a world D. whether the phubber phenomenon has its virtues 61. The underlined word “demonize” in the last paragraph means “_______”. A. describe something as very bad B. admit doing something wrong C. regard something as acceptable D. make something more beautiful 62. What is the text mainly about? A. The great harm of “phubbing”. B. The meaning of the word “phubbing”. C. “Phubbing” is acceptable under control. D. How the word “Phubbing” came into being.
C Devices that help people walk were once thought to be impossible to design without some kind of auxiliary power. But U.S. scientists at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of North Carolina have built a small, wearable addition to ordinary shoes that reduces the burden on the calf muscle and makes walking easier. Burning less calories while walking seems like a bad idea, but making the walk easier may actually keep people on their feet longer, and that scientists say, has substantial health benefits. Analyzing the human walk, biomedical engineers Steven Collins and Greg Sawicki concluded that our ankles and calves perform motions similar to a spring coupled with a clutch(离合器) that stores and releases energy. Sawicki, from the University of North Carolina, explained what ’s involved. “We found in basic science experiments that that system, your calf and Achilles tendon (跟 腱), works a lot like a catapult (弹弓). So, the muscle holds on to the tendon and your body actually stretches your Achilles tendon quite a bit and then stores the energy in the tissue and then it’s given back to push you forward in the world,” he said. Sawicki said he and his colleague Steven Collins at Carnegie Mellon University designed a mechanical device, made of carbon fiber and metal, that performs the same sequence of energy give-and-take outside the body. The system takes over part of the work of walking, and reduces the amount of required energy by as much as seven percent. Wearing the unpowered ankle exoskeleton(外骨) can help people either walk farther with the same amount of energy, or restore the normal movement pattern for people who have trouble walking. Sawicki said it takes only a few minutes to get used to the exoskeleton but the wearer quickly learns to tone down the muscle energy as the device takes over part of the load. “You really don’t notice it until when you take it off. And when you take it off you realize that it was there and giving you the boost,” he said.
Sawicki added that the device is primarily intended for people recovering from an operation or a stroke. But all persons who spend a lot of time walking, such as police officers or hospital personnel, could benefit from it. At the moment there are no plans to develop the ankle exoskeleton for the market, but the inventors say some manufacturers have expressed interest. 63. When we walk, Achilles tendon _______ . A. stores energy B. holds our muscle C. stretches our calf D. looks like a catapult 64. From the passage we know_______. A. if you have problems with walking, you can go and buy a new Achilles tendon B. because of the research of the scientists, we’ll have no problem with walking C. with the help pf modern science, we can improve our walking even in old age D. old people can be equipped with artificial legs to help walk as usual 65. What was the initial intention to develop the device? A. To aid police officers or hospital personnel. B. To help people with certain serious illness. C. To attract the interest of manufacturers. D. To bring the device into market. 66. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. New invention replaces your feet B. Theory of walking is discovered C. New device eases walking burden D. Ankle exoskeleton is on the market D Jeff Bezos was born on January 12, 1964, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Bezos had an early love of computers and studied computer science and electrical engineering at Princeton University. After graduation, he worked on Wall Street, and in 1990 became the youngest senior vice president at the investment firm D.E. Shaw. Four years later, he quit his well-paid job to open Amazon. com, a virtual bookstore that became one of the internet's biggest success stories. In 2013, Bezos made headlines when he purchased The Washington Post in a $250 million deal. Bezos set up the office for his new company in his garage where, along with a few employees, he began developing software. They expanded operations into a two-bedroom house, equipped with three Sun Microstations, and eventually developed a test site. After inviting 300 friends to beta test the site, Bezos opened Amazon. com, named after the South American River, on July 16, 1995. The company achieved instant success. With no press promotion, Amazon. com sold books across the United States and in 45 foreign countries within 30 days. In two months, sales reached $20, 000 a week, growing faster than Bezos and his start-up team had expected. Amazon. com went public in 1997 and many market analysts questioned whether the company could hold its own when traditional retailers(零售商）launched their own e-commerce sites. Two years later, the start-up not only kept up, but also outpaced(超越）competitors, becoming an e-commerce leader. Bezos continued to diversify Amazon's offerings with the sale of CDs and videos in 1998, and later clothes, electronics, toys and more through major retail partnerships. While many dot.coms of the early '90s closed down, Amazon was successful with yearly sales that jumped from $510,000 in 1995 to over $ 17 billion in 2011.
In 2007, Amazon. com released(发布) the Kindle, a handheld digital book reader that allows users to buy, download, read and store their book selections. That same year, Bezos also set his sights far, far, away, announcing his investment in Blue Origin, a Seattle-based aerospace company that is developing technologies to offer space travel to paying customers. Bezos then moved Amazon into the table marketplace with the release of the Kindle Fire in 2011. The following September, he announced the new Kindle Fire HD, the company's next generation tablet at a certain price. We have built the best table at any price," Bezos said, according to ABC News. Bezos made headlines worldwide on August 5 , 2013, when he purchased The Washington Post and other publications connected with The Washington Post Co., which owns the paper and other entitles, for $250 million cash. The deal marks the end of the four-generation reign over The Post Co. by the Graham family. In the early December 2013, Bezos made headlines when he released a new, experimental initiative by Amazon, called" Amazon Prime Air," using drones-remote-controlled machines that can perform a series of human tasks- to provide delivery services to customers. According to Bezos, these drones are able to carry items weighing up to 5 pounds, and are capable of travelling within a 10-mile distance of the company's distribution center. He also stated that Prime Air could become a reality within as little as four or five years. 67. According to the passage, which of the following about Jeff Bezos is RIGHT? A. Bezos thinks little of the new service- Amazon Prime Air. B. Bezos has successfully built up his business in various fields. C. Bezos achieved success in Amazon. com with the help of press promotion. D. Bezos quit his well-paid job to open a virtual bookstore upon graduation. 68. In which order did the following events happen? a. Bezos moved Amazon into the tablet marketplace. b. Bezos set up the office and began developing software c. Bezos purchased The Washington Post in a $ 250 million. d. Bezos opened Amazon. com after the beta test. e. Bezos opened Amazon. com after the beta test. A. ebdac B. ebdca C. beadc D. bedac 69. Which of the following column does the passage belong to? A. Biography B. Science C. Culture D. Education 70. What can we learn about Amazon Prime Air? A. It has brought customers convenience. B. It won Bezos fame in the press at once. C. Drones in it can cover over 10 miles. D. Drones in it can save a lot of labour.
任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，共 10 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。 Think what you are! Carbon and oxygen taken together, one atom each, gives you the deadly gas carbon monoxide (CO) . On the other hand, these very two elements（成分）on some other proportion （比例） provide us with carbon dioxide （CO2） , the harmless gas. When these basic elements can behave in this way so can the human mind! All human beings take in the air from this very earth, consume nearly the same kind of food
and live under the same sky gaining energy from its only source Sun. Then what makes an individual distinct from each other? It’s the attitude, the behavior that distinguished one from another person. The thought process going on in our brains is what differs. Only our brains control our body, which in turn controls our living, our peace and happiness and overall progress as an individual. What we input is what we get. What we think is what we develop into. What we feel into our brains is what we get the outcome as. On harvesting good thoughts and positive attitude in our minds the good follows. Bad thoughts you get unconsciously should be removed and thrown off as soon as possible. Human body takes commands from its brains and works. Our brains are always functional. So any kind of thought developed in our brains remains there even when we are not aware of their presence. These thoughts are processed without our consciousness and the result follows. These outcomes can change our lives. At times when wrong words are spoken, they remain in our sub—conscious minds, without our awareness, and the wrong follows. Brain as a physical thing is not aware of what is right and what is wrong. When we think about things in some way, the perspective（看法）with which we look at them for the first time remains in our mind. Our mind intends to take this perspective as true and makes way for it to follow. So on thinking well, the good happens and wrong thought brings unhappy situations. Human beings learn from the situations faced in life and their thinking is affected by the circumstances faced. This in turn affects the thinking. Thus our life and our thoughts are mutually （相互的）related. To lead a good life it is desired to think good. So is rightly said, “What you think is not what you are …but what you THINK is what you are!”
Think what you are!
Our mind, (71) ____________ to the basic elements CO and
Function of our thinking
CO2 , can affect us differently.
Your thought process is (72) ____________ to you, distinguishing you from other people.
Human body only acts according to (73) ___________ from its brains.
Facts of our thinking
Our brains always (74) ____________ and some thoughts formed in our brains stay in our mind without our awareness.
Our brains usually regard opinions developed (75) __________ as true and let it control our body.
These thoughts then influence our behaviour, which (76) __________ in changes in our lives.
Put in positive information so that you can get something good in (78) _____________.
Always think positively in order to develop into a (79) ____________ person.
Throw away unhappy thoughts so as to (80) ___________ being influenced by them.
Keep in mind how you deal with your thinking determines what you are.
书面表达（满分 25 分）
81. 请阅读下面的短文，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 In the wild, lions tend to pick on the animals that are weak, old, sick or hurt. Even with the strength of their numbers they will go after the easy prey.（捕猎） The lions picked their prey of choice for this poor Gazelle. The Gazelle, surrounded by lions, looks as if she were crying when the camera closed up on her face. The lions were faster than th Gazelle, and my goodness they were smart. When the lions got close enough to the Gazelle, even while running at speed, they would trip the running animal. This Gazelle was moving. When pressure came from a different angle she changed directions. When she could feel the breath of the lions on her neck she changed direction. When they tried to trip her, stop her, trick her, block her, she changed direction. She ran until they stopped chasing after her. It was pointless to the lions. This Gazelle had purpose. She was running for her life. I do not care what, who, when, where, or how often life tries to take you down a path you have not intended to go. If you feel the pressure and things are not going the way they should, change direction. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点，内容包括 (1) 结合文章信息， 简要分析适时改变方向的必要性； (2) 结合实际，谈谈你的理解和得到的启示。 【写作要求】 1. 发表观点时必须提供理由或论据； 2. 阐述观点或提供论据或叙述经历时，不能直接引用原文语句； 3. 作文中不能出现真实的姓名和学习名称； 4. 不必写标题。
江阴一中 2016 届高三英语周练 1 答题纸
第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
??????密?????封?????线?????内?????不?????要?????答?????题?????? 1. ____________ 2. _____________ 3. ____________ 4. ___________ 5. ____________ 6. ____________ 7. _____________ 8. ____________ 9. ___________ 10. ___________
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分）
_____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________
1-5 ABCBB 6-10 ABCBB 11-15ACCAB 16-20 CABCA
21-25 BCBAC 26-30 CBCBC 31-35 BCDAB
36-40 ABDAC 41-45 CDDDB 46-50 ACBDA 51-55 CADAA
56-60 ABCDB 61-65 ACACB 66-70 CBDAD
71 similar 72 unique/important/significant/vital 74 function/work 75 unconsciously 77 improving/polishing/handling/managing 79 better/good/positive 73 commands 76 results 78 return 80 avoid
What the passage conveys is that we should change direction flexibly while going through challenges and even dangers in our life, which is of significance to our development and success. It is necessary for us to change direction at the right moment. Following the wrong path stubbornly, we may waste a lot of time and energy, with which we could otherwise achieve a lot. More importantly, we may lose some precious opportunities in life if we don’t adapt ourselves to different situations in time. In our daily life, there are many cases like what Gazelle experienced, in which we suffer failures because we haven’t changed direction in time. For instance, if we analyze some very difficult problems from different angles in our study, we can solve them more easily. Therefore, to run for my life I will change direction when I’m stuck in the things life throws at me.