tceic.com
学霸学习网 这下你爽了
相关标签
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

状语从句考点讲解


状语从句的考点讲解
【考点直击】
时间状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句 目的状语从句 结果状语从句 让步状语从句 比较状语从句 地点状语从句 ? when, as, while, before, after, since, till, not……until, as soon as 等连词来引导。 because, since, as, for, now that, etc. if, unless(除非), in order that, so that, so…that, so that, such…that, though, although, even if, even though, however, whatever, as…as, so…as, than, where, wherever

时间状语从句 (1)时间状语从句常用 when/ as/ while, before, after, since, till, until, as soon as 等连词来引导。 例如: It was raining hard when I got to school yesterday. While he was doing his homework, the telephone rang. As he walked along the lake, he sang happily. ? when 、和 while 的区别: 1) when 引导的从句的谓语动词可以是延续性的动词, 又可以是瞬间动词。 并且 when 有时表示“就在那时”。 例如: When she came in, I stopped eating. 她进来时,我停止吃饭。(瞬间动词) When I lived in the countryside, I used to carry some water for him. 当我住在农村时,我常常为他担水。 (延续性的动词) We were about to leave when he came in.我们就要离开,就在那时他进来了。(瞬间动词) 2)While 引导的从句的谓语动词必须是延续性的,并强调主句和从句的动作同时发生(或者相对应) 。并 且 while 有时还可以表示对比。 例如: While my wife was reading the newspaper, I was watching TV. (was reading 是延续性的动词,was reading 和 was watching 同时发生) I like playing football while you like playing basketball.我喜欢踢足球,而你喜欢打篮球。 (对比) (2)在时间状语从句里,通常不用将来时态,用现在时态表示将来的动作或状态。例如: I’ll ring you up as soon as I get to New York. I will tell him everything when he comes back. He won’t believe it until he sees it with his own eyes. 历年中考题: ( )1. It’s quite common in Britain to say “Thank you” to the drivers____people get off the bus. (2009· 河南) A. after B. since C. until D. when ( )2. I will call you as soon as I ______ the ticket to the football match. (2009· 陕西绥德) A. will get B. get C. got D. am getting ( )3.---It’s raining, Daisy.Please________ an umbrella with you. (2009· 深圳) ---Thanks. I’ll return it to you when I______ next week. A. take, come B. take, will come C. bring,come D. bring, will come ( )4. Peter likes reading a newspaper____ he is having breakfast. (2010 .河北省卷,42. 1) A. until B. while C. because D. though ( )5.You should go over your test paper _____ you hand it in . (2010.浙江省衢州市 23. 1) A. before B. though C. because D. as soon as

?

条件状语从句 (1)条件状语从句通常由 if, unless=if …not 引导。例如: What shall we do if it snows tomorrow? Don’t leave the building unless I tell you to. (2)在条件状语从句里,谓语动词通常用现在时态表示将来的动作或状态。例如: I’ll help you with your English if am free tomorrow. He won’t be late unless he is ill. (3)“祈使句 + and (or)+ 陈述句” 在意思上相当于一个带有条件状语从句的复合句。例如: Hurry up, or you’ll be late. =If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late. Study hard and you will pass the exam. =If you study hard, you will pass the exam. ? If 双面孔: If 引导条件状语的时候意为“如果” ,引导宾语从句意为“是否” 。 ( )1. —Mike wants to know if ___ a picnic tomorrow. —Yes. But if it ___, we'll visit the museum instead A. you have; will rain B. you will have; will rain C. you will have; rains D. will you have; rains ( )2. —Do you know when he ___ back tomorrow? —Sorry, I don't. When he ___ back, I'll tell you A. comes; comes B. comes; will come C. will come; comes D. will come; will come 历年中考题: ( )1. Tommy, do you know if Frank ______ to the zoo this Sunday if it _______?(2009· 湖北孝感) — Sorry, I have no idea. A. will go; is fine B. goes; is fine C. will go; is going to be fine D. goes; will be fine ( )2. If I find his phone number, I ______ you. (2009.北京) A. tell B. told C. will tell D. have told ( )3. I bet Mrs. Black will come to help us with the celebration if she ______ too busy tomorrow. (2009· 吉林通 化) A. is B. will be C. won’t be D. isn’t

?

原因状语从句 (1)原因状语从句通常由 because,引导。 : He didn’t come to school because he was ill. (2)because 表示直接原因, ------Why aren’t going there? ------Because I don’t want to. (3)because 和 so 不能同用在一个句子里。 结果状语从句 (1)结果状语从句由 so…that, such…that,引导。 : He is so poor that he can’t buy a bike for his son. She is such a good teacher that everybody likes her. 比较状语从句 比较状语从句通常由(not)as…as, 比较级 + than…等连词引导。 : Tom runs faster than John does. This classroom is as big as that one. 目的状语从句 (1)目的状语从句通常由 so that, in order that 引导。 : We started early so that we could catch the first train.

?

?

?

He studies hard so that he could work better in the future. ? 让步状语从句 (1)让步状语从句通常由 although, though 等连词引导。 : Though he is young, he knows a lot. (2)although(though)与 but 不能用在同一个句子中。 : 我们不能说:Though it was raining hard, but he still went out. 应该说:Though it was raining hard, he still went out.或 It was raining hard, but he still went out. 历年中考题: ( )1. _____ Switzerland is very small, _____ it is the land of watch and it is very rich. (2009· 湖北孝感) A. Though; but B. Because; so C. Because; / D. Though; / ( )2.____ it's difficult to make her dream come true,she never gives up. (2010· 河南省,25,1) A. Though B. Unless C. Because D. If

? 课后练习
一、选择填空
1.Lucy knew nothing about it _________her sister told her.[河北省] A .because B. until ? C .if D .since 2.Other people won't be pleased if he________ the queue.[河南省] ? A .will jump B. jumps ? C .jump D .jumped 3. The young man travelled all over the world _________he had a man-made leg.[河南省]? A .though B .if ? C .as D .because 4.The students will go to Summer Palace if it _________ tomorrow.[甘肃省]? A .don't rain B .won't rain ? C .doesn't rain D .isn't rain 5.The driver hurt the girl ______badly _______she had to see a doctor.[新缰]? A .so, that B .either, or ? C .too, to D. neither ,nor ? 6. It _____ ten years since they ____ to France. A. as; covered B. was; have moved C. is; have moved D. is; moved 7.He ____ wait until the rain ____. A. won't; will stop B. won't; stop C. will; stops D. will; will stop 8.He will go to the Great Wall if it ___ tomorrow. A. won't rain B. doesn't rain C. don't rain D. isn't raining 9. ___ you eat old food, you may be ill. A. Before B. Why C. If D. Which 10 Jack runs as ___ as Tom. A. fast B. faster C. fastest D. Much 11. Miss Gao asked a question, but it was ___ that nobody could answer it. A. very difficult B. too difficult C. difficult enough D. so difficult 12. I can't understand this passage _____ there are no new words in it. A. if B. because C. though D. and


推荐相关:

高考状语从句考点

第六讲状语从句一.知识讲解 考点 1:引导时间状语从句的从属连词 when ,as, while, after, before, since, once, until, till, as soon as, every time/ ...


状语从句讲解

状语从句讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。状语从句定义: 在句中作状语的从句是...状语从句的关键 是要掌握引导不同状语从句的常用连接词 和特殊的连接词即考点。...


状语从句的考点讲解和训练

状语从句考点讲解和训练_英语_初中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 状语从句考点讲解和训练_英语_初中教育_教育专区。...


状语从句考点讲解

状语从句考点讲解【考点直击】时间状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句 目的状语从句 结果状语从句 让步状语从句 比较状语从句 地点状语从句 ? when, as, while, ...


状语从句的考点讲解和训练

9页 免费 状语从句高考考点解析 7页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 ...


状语从句知识点讲解

状语从句知识点讲解_英语_初中教育_教育专区。状语从句一. 时间状语从句 常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until, 特...


中考英语状语从句考点集汇、讲解和训练

中考英语状语从句考点集汇、讲解和训练_英语_初中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档中考英语状语从句考点集汇、讲解和训练_英语_初中教育_教育专区...


中考英语状语从句考点归纳与例析

中考英语状语从句考点归纳与例析【重点讲解】 中考英语试题对状语从句的考查主要涉及引导状语从句的从属连词的用法。 单项选择题的四个选项往往是四个连词,这是状语...


高中状语从句讲解

高中状语从句讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考考点 Amos 整理 状语从句 1. 时间状语从句 (1) when 引导的时间状语从句 ①.when 引导的时间状语从句, 其动词既...


状语从句语法讲解

状语从句语法讲解_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。高中英语状语从句一、 定义: 在...状语从句的关键是要掌握引导不同状语从句的常用连接词和特殊的连接词即考点.现...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 学霸学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com