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高三英语语法专题复习 动词的时态和语态


高三英语语法 动词的时态和语态 词原形 作,后面一般不跟时间状语 bell rang. The meeting is about to close. We’re to meet at the school gate at noon. The medicine is to be taken three times a day. They were never to meet again. 一. 要点归纳 1. 动词的时态: 1)动词的时态一共有 16 种,以 ask 为例,将其各种时态的构成形式列表如下: (注:主要掌握 10 种基本时态,阴影部分的时态仅作了解) 现在时 一般 进行 完成 完成进 行 ask / asks am / is / are asking have / has asked have / has been asking 过去时 asked was/were asking had asked had been asking 将来时 shall / will ask shall / will be asking shall / will have asked shall / will have been asking 过去将来时 should / would ask should / would be asking should / would have asked should / would have been asking 表示按计划进行或征求对方意见 5 be to + 动词原形 表示―指令‖,相当于 should, must, have to 表示命中注定要发生的事 一般现在时表示 将来 6 The meeting starts at five 时刻表上或日程安排上早就定好的事情, o’clock. The plane leaves at ten this 可用一般现在时表示将来 evening. 用 法 例句 He said he had learned English for 6 years. Until then he had known nothing about it yet. Hardly had I got home when the telephone rang. No sooner had I started than the car got a flat tire. It was five years since I had had such a wonderful time. It was the fourth time that you had made the same mistake. I had meant to visit you yesterday, but I had an unexpected guest. 5) 过去完成时的几种用法: 1 2 表示―过去的过去‖ 表示从过去某一时间一直延续到过去另一时间, 常 用的时间状语有:by then, by the end of, by the time…, until 等 在句型―Hardly / Scarcely… when…‖中 在句型―No sooner … than…‖中 It was / had been + 一段时间 + since 从句。since 从句中的谓语动词用过去完成时。 It was the first / second /…time + that 从句。that 从 句中的谓语动词用过去完成时


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