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高中英语语法复习之冠词


高考英语语法复习之冠词专项
高考英语冠词是必考题目之一,单项选择一般设置两个空,短文改错设计一道题。 冠词分为不定冠词(a, an) ,定冠词(the) ,和零冠词。 冠词常用 a/an/the 来说明名词所表示的人或事物,常位于名词之前,故称为冠词。 冠词是名词的一种标志,不能脱离名词独立存在,不能单独做句子成分,故冠词是虚词, 题目主要考查冠词在具体语境中的运用,考查内容包括定冠词和不定冠词的用法区别,名词前 不用冠词的情况,特指与泛指以及习语中的冠词用法。

(1)表示“一”相当于“one” 。I’ll return in a day or two. (2)表示“每”相当于“per” 。We have three meals a day. (3)表示“同一性”相当于“the same” 。The children are of an age. (4)表示类指,表示“某类” , “一类人或事” 。He wants to be a doctor. (5)表示泛指,相当于“any” 。A horse is a useful animal. (6)与序数词连用,表示“又一,再一” 。 a second foreign language.

(7)与抽象名词连用,可以表示“一场、一次、一件” 用于抽象名词具体化的名词前 a success(具体化) 成功的人或事 a pity 可惜或遗憾的事

(8)与物质名词连用,表示“一种,一阵、一份” 。 What a heavy rain! What a good supper! (9)用于不可数名词前,表示某一部分,或某一方面的内容介绍。 China with a long history and a population of over 1.3 billion is a developing country. (10)用于人名前,或专有名词前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事, —Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith?—Sorry, wrong number. There isn't a Mr. Smith here. (11)用于 so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet. This room i s rather a big one.

(12)用于 quite, rather, many, half, what, such 之后 (13)用于动词短语中,表示短暂性的动作 have a look /walk / break / try / bath give a whistle / laugh / smile / shout

take a rest / walk / break / bath make a choice / decision / plan / study

(14)用于同源宾语前 dream a good dream / smile a sweet smile / live a happy life (15)用于固定词组中 a couple of, a bit, a great of , a lot of , (16)习惯用法,可构成与时间、数量、方式、有关的短语 once upon a time, in a hurry

1、不定冠词用法 A. 不定冠词基本用法 不定冠词基本用法(2 种情况) 1、表示类别,指某一类人或物中的一个=any, 但比 any 要弱 2、指量:意思上相当于 one,但比 one 要弱, 意为“一个”,“每一个” B. 不定冠词的其他用法(8 种情况) 不定冠词的其他用法(8 种情况) 1、用在某些物质名词前,表示“一种,一阵, 一场” 2、抽象名词具体化,表示一个具体的人或物,可用不定冠 词 3、 序数词前常加 the, 但表示“又一个”时, 则用不定冠词 a(n) 4、表示世界上独一无二的事物的名词前一般加前常定冠词 the;如果名词前有修饰语,也可能用不定冠词 a(n) 5、表示季节、月份、日期、一日三餐的名词前一般不 加冠词; 如果名词前有修饰语, 也可能用不定冠词 a(n) 6 、用在 a.表示“某一个”“一个名叫、 、 、的人” e.g. Can you give me a second chance? e.g. a peaceful world a full moon e.g. We had a wonderful supper. We had a cold winter last year. e.g. A Mr Wang e.g. a Kong Fanshen e.g. A Han// a Miao 例子 e.g. What a heavy rain! e.g. Yang Ming is a success. 例子 e.g. Her uncle is an engineer. e.g. I have an English book. three times a day.

专 有 b.表示与之相似的人、事或物 名 词 c.表示民族、社团、家庭的一员或某人的作品之一 前 7 、与形 容 词 搭配 a. 不定冠词 + 形容词比较级 + 可数名词单 数, 表示“更、 、 、的” b.不定冠词+形容词最高级,表示“非常” e.g. once upon a time

e.g. This book is too dear for me. I want to look at a cheaper one. e.g. a most useful book (一本非常有用的书) a bit (of) in a moment The two boys are of an age.

8、用在某些固定词组中 9."相同的”“同样的” 10.用于同源宾语中 11:表动作意义的名词前表 示短暂、一次性的动作

Birds of a feather flock together. Smile a forced smile have a try give a shout

sleep a sound sleep Dream a sweet dream take/have a bath

have/take a break take a walk

(1)用于世上独一无二的事物名词前

the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean Would you mind opening the door?

(2)表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事前 (3)用于演奏西洋乐器前 play the violin,

play the guitar the living, the wounded

(4)用于形容词和分词前表示一类人

the reach,

(5)表示“一家人”或“夫妇” (对比上文的不定冠词用法 10) —Could you tell me the way to the Johnsons, please? —Sorry, we don’t have a Johnson here in the village. (6)与比较级和最高级连用 ①比较级+ and +比较级表示“越来越……”The harder he works, the happier he feels. ②表示两者间“较??的一个”比较级前加 the。 Who is the older of the tow boys? ③三者或三者以上相比,表示最高程度时,用“the + 最高级”的结构表示。 这种句式一般常有表示比较范围的介词短语。 (对比上文的不定冠词用法 6) Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three. (7)用于方位名词,身体部位名词 He hit me on the shoulder. (8)用于表示度量单位的名词前 by the hour / weight /pound / dozen / foot/ day /week / month (9)用于方位名词,身体部位名词 He patted me on the shoulder. (10)在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代 in the 1990’s(二十世纪九十年代). (11)用于国家、党派、宗教以及江河湖海,山川群岛、报刊的名词前 the Communist Party of China (12)用于表示发明物的单数名词前. The compass was invented in China. (13)用于单数可数名词前,表示一类人或物。 In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means of transportation. (14)固定或习惯用法 in the morning ; in the evening; in the field ; in the country ; in the sun ; in the distance; on the right; by the way; in the daytime; go to the concert; at the beginning ; all the year round; all the time ; all the year around ; at the age of ; at the same of ; in the middle of ; at the top of ; all the best ; break the law ; in the habit of ; at the back of ; at the top of one’s voice; 注意:短语前不加定冠词:at dawn 在黎明 at night 在晚上 at noon 在正午 at dusk 在黄昏 (15)用于集体名词前,表示某个集体中的全部。 (对比上文的不定冠词用法 9) The students in our class are eager to know the secret.

2

定冠词的用法

A. 定冠词基本用法 定冠词基本用法(2 种情况) 1、 A.双方都知道的人或事和第二次出现的人和事物 例子 e.g. Don’t beat the dog. e.g. the earth/ in the east the sky the air the earth e.g. the best friend of mine. the better of the two books. the third month of the year. e.g. The lion is found in Africa.

特 b.指独一无二的自然现象、事物等,也用于表示方 指 位、左右的名词之前 c.用于形容词最高级前面;“最” 表示特指的比较级前,“较、 、 、的一个” 用于序数词前,表示“第几个” 2、 类 指

a.置于单数可数名词前, 表示一类事物的总体概念 b.+形容词,表示一类人或事物

e.g. the young, the old,the British

B. 定冠词的其他用法(9 种情况) 定冠词的其他用法(9 种情况) 1、在乐器、艺术、文娱活动的名词必须用定冠词 2、用在报刊、杂志、年代、朝代、时代等名词前 3、 由普通名词和其他名词一起构成的专有名 词,前加定冠词;用于某些表示江、河、 海、海湾、岛、山、国家、地区、组织机 构、建筑物、报刊等专有名词前。 例子 e.g. the guitar go to the cinema e.g. the Readers’ Digest; the Tang Dynasty

e.g. the Chinese People’s Liberation Army; the Pacific Ocean ,the Great Wall, the West Lake, the Philippines, the Gulf of Mexico, the Taiwan Straits e.g. This is the very book I wanted.

4、用于 only(唯一),same(相同), very(恰好)等 形容词所修饰的名词前 5、用在某些介词词组中,指代句中与宾语有关 的身体的一部分 6、用于复数的姓氏前,表示夫妇二人或全家人 7、用在"by+the+计量单位名词"

cut himself in the hand hit myself on the head e.g. The Smiths are watching TV now.

e.g. I have hired the car by the hour. e.g. the history of China on the air the joy of my life.

8、用于带有限定词修饰的名词前,表示特定人或事物 9、用在某些固定词组中 e.g. on the other hand

by the way

in the darkness on the weekend in the past 10、特指意义的物质名词前要加定冠词 How do you like the tea? The air in mountainous areas is nearly free of pollution.

(1)季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前 (2)表示独一无二的职位,身份,头衔的名词前 (3)表示球类,棋类、学科、语言前等运动的名词前 (4)与 by 连用表示交通方式的名词前 (5)以 and 连接的两个相对单位的名词并用时 husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night ; face to face ; day after day ;

(6)名词前有 this, my, whose, some, no, each, every 等限制 (7)专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前 (8)no 与 such 连用时应放在 such 之前,such 后面的名词不用冠词。 No such thing has ever happened in this village. (9)never、ever 置于作主语的名词前,这些名词前不用冠词。Never did student study so hard. (10)表示泛指的复数名词前;man 泛指一类人前 Horses are useful animals. (11)as/though 引导的倒装句中,不带冠词。Child as she is, she knows a lot of French. (12) 系动词 turn (作 “变成” ) 后作表语的单数可数名词前不用冠词。 The young girl has turned writer. (13)有一些人身兼多种身份,只在第一个名词前加冠词,但若指不同的人要分别加冠词。 a worker and writer 工人兼作家 a worker and a writer 一个工人和一个作家

(14)形容词的最高级前、序数词前也有不用定冠词的情况。 ①“most + 形容词原级”作“十分、非常、极”解时,前面不用定冠词。Oh, it’s most beautiful. ②当两个形容词最高级并列修饰同一个名词时,第二个形容词前通常不用定冠词。 She is the tallest and fattest girl in our school. ③形容词最高级前有名词所有格或物主代词时,不能用定冠词。 ④序数词前面一般加定冠词,但在 second、third 等词前加不定冠词表示“又一,再一”之意 注意:下句中“a first”表示“第一名、冠军”。He often gets a first in math. (15)习惯用法 at best (最多) at bottom (实际上) at cost (按成本) at least at most at breakfast

at university at dark at down at dinner

at first at ease at fault at first glance do harm to do good to

at first hand at first though at first view at full length at college catch sight of

ask for advice ask for help ask for trouble catch fire come back to life come into power 有些短语不用冠词和用冠词的不同意义

by day 在白天 in case of 以防 in charge of 负责,管理 in office 执政 in sight(of)看见 go to sea 去当水手 out of question 毫无疑问 take advice 征求意见 go to church 去做礼拜 in prison 坐牢 in future 今后,往后 in hospital 住院(因病) in front of 在前面,指某物体之外 at table 在吃饭 out of question 毫无疑问 take place 发生 have a word with 和某人谈话 go to bed 上床睡觉

by the day 按天计算 in the case of 就……来说 in the charge of 由……负责 in the office 在办公室 in the sight(of)在……看来 go to the sea 到海边去 out of the question 不可能 take the advice 听从劝告 go to the church 去教堂 in the prison 在监狱 in the future 在将来 in the hospital 在医院(工作、参观等) in the front of 在前部,指某物之内 at the table 在桌子边 out of the question 不可能 take the place of 取代 have words with sb. 和某人吵架 go to the bed 朝床边走去

注意:地点名词表示地点时,其前用定冠词;表示在这一地点所发生的活动时,其前不加冠词。

冠词一般放在名词之前,名词之前若有形容词,冠词放在形容词之前。下列情况例外:? 1.不定冠词用于下列副词加形容词之后: as, how, however, so, too 等。 He is as good a soldier as he was. 2.不定冠词置于 such, what, many, not, too, much of 等之后。 3.定冠词通常放在 all, both, double, exactly, just 等词之后。 4.不定冠词常用于 quite 和 rather 之后,但如果另有形容词修饰时,不定冠词既可放在第二位,也可 放在第一位,但最常见的仍是第二位。It was quite/rather a cold day.=It was a quite/rather cold day. 5.当名词前的比较级被 no, all, far, much 等修饰时也要后置。 He is no less a man than the Presiden t.? 6.定冠词要放在 half, twice, much 等之后。He paid twice the price for it. 他花了两倍的钱买了它。? 7.如果名词被副词 hardly,scarcely,barely,exactly 所修饰,或和一个形容词共同修饰时,冠词要 放在上述副词之后、形容词之前。 This is hardly a right thing to do. 这几乎是不能做的事。

3、零冠词的用法 零冠词基本用法(10 种情况) a. 专有名词、物质名词、抽象名词、复数可数名词 前面(泛指) ;表示人名、地名、国名、城市名(非 普通名词) 。 例子 e.g. We must tell friends from enemies. Money isn't everything. Failure is the mother of success. Trees can help clean the air. Beijing is the capital of China. b.名词前有物主代词、指示代词、名词所有格等限制;以及 some, any, no ,each 或 every 等代词作定语时 c. 表示季节、节日、月份、星期、一日三餐的名词前 (泛指)常用零冠词,当谈论具体的季节,日期和中 国传统节日时,常用定冠词。 e.g. Women’s Day, the Spring Festival, We can't see very far in the dusk. e.g. Man is stronger than woman. in spring e.g. Our school is not far from here.

d. 当 man,mankind 表示人类时,或 man(男人)和 woman(女 人)用以代表全体时和 word 表示“消息”或“通知”时。 e. 球类、棋类、学科的名词前

e.g. play basketball; play chess. e.g. at noon/night; by bus/ train e.g. We will elect Mr Liu director of our factory. e.g He turned teacher after graduation. e.g. Student as he is, he knows a lot.

F. 用在介词 at/by 后面表示时间及“by+交通工具/通讯工具” g. 表示独一无二的职位、职务的名词用作表语、宾语补足语 或同位语时 h.turn 和 go 作“变成,成为”解时,后面的名词前不加冠词 i.在 as 或 though 引导的让步状语从句中, 其表语名词前不加 冠词 j. 由 kind of/ sort of/ type of 加名词时,该名词前不加冠词

e.g. I like this kind of car. e.g. day after day, year after year, hand in hand, face to face day to day heart to heart

k. and 连接的两个名词若表示相对应身份的人或物,则冠词常省 略; 若表示一个事物具有两种特征或一个人兼有双重职位,则 and 后面的名词不加冠词,如果加冠词则表示两个人或事物; 两个同样的名词又并列连词或介词连接表示特定概念时,一般 不加冠词。

4. 注意: 专有名词前用不定冠词有两种可能: ①表示某姓名的某人或和?相似的人或地方: He wishes to be an Edison.

②表示某人的作品或某厂家的产品:I have a Van Gogh.我有一幅梵高的画。 ★虽然 a 和 one 都有“一”的意思,但意义不同:可数名词表类指时的三种形式 the+单数可数名词,表示一类事物的总体概念; e.g. The bike is every popular in China? a+单数可数名词,侧重类别中的任何一个; 复数可数名词,侧重类别中的许多个体; e.g. Even a woman can do it. e.g. Do you like horses?

more than a year 一年多(不到两年)more than one year 不止一年(两年、三年等) at a time 每次;在同一时间 不定冠词的固定搭配 a few, a little, a lot , a couple of a large number of 许多 for a while 一会儿 a great deal of 许多 a large quantity of 许多 as a matter of fact 其实 in a sense 从某种意义上说 make a decision 作出决定 at a loss 茫然;不知所措 have a gift for 对?有天赋 keep an eye on 照看;注意 make a fortune 发财 make a promise 许下诺言 as a rule 通常;照例 in a minute 立即 a large amount of 许多 all of a sudden 突然 have a word with 与?说句话 in a word 简言之;总之 make a fool of sb.愚弄某人 do ab. a favor 帮某人一个忙 have an effect on 对?有影响 make a dive for 向?扑去 make a difference 有影响;起作用 pay a visit to 对?进行访问等等。 at one time 曾经有一次

普通名词+of+专有名词”这类词组前均需加 the: the Cape of Good Hope the Strait of Gibraltar the City of New York the House of Representatives the Ministry of Foreign Affairs the Society of Natural History

表接触或打击身体某部位时,身体部位名词前通常加 the. 在“动词+sb.+介词+the+部位”结构中,部位前用 the,而且不能省略。动词是 beat, hit, strike, knock,

slap, pat 等,身体部位是 head, shoulder, back 等时,介词多为 on(in 多与 the face 连用) ;动词是 catch, grasp, seize, pull, take, lead 等,部位是 hand,collar 等时,介词多为 by。

当 English, German 等表示某国语言的名词后出现了 language 时,前面的 English, German 就是形 容词了,前必须加定冠词 the。如:the English language

除了以现在为基准的时间外,表示一般的时间关系时,next 和 last 前应当加上定冠词 The next train to Hong Kong is at 10:00.下一趟去香港的火车是十点。 This maybe the last chance. 这可能是最后的机会。 Next 和 the next 所表达的时间概念不一样,如 next Monday 指从说话时刻算起“下一个星期一” ;the next Monday 指从过去或将来某时算起“下一个星期一” : He’ll leave here next week.他下周将离开这里。 (以现在为背景)

不定冠词可以用在被形容词比较级修饰的名词前,表示“一个更?的” 。 The MP4 player is too expensive for me. I want a cheaper one. 这个 MP4 太贵了,我要一个更便宜一点的。

表伴随动作的“名词+副词/介词短语”作独立结构时,名词前不用冠词 Our teacher came into the classroom,papers in hand.我们的老师走进了教室,手里拿着试卷。

kind(s)/sort(s)/type(s)/variety/varieties/diversity/diversities of 等表示种类的结构后,名词前不用冠 词。What kind of curtain will you suggest for a sitting room? 你看起居室用哪种窗帘好?

表示时间、地点、方式、状态的一些短语中不用冠词。 ahead of time 提前 by accident 偶然 in danger 处于危险中 in silence 沉默地(无声地) at first hand 第一手 at present 目前;现在 at hand 在手边;在附近 by mistake 错误地 in place of 代替 in surprise 惊奇地 at first thought 乍一想 by way of 经由...

in advance 提前 in sight 看得见 by means of 借助…手段

in need of 需要 in uniform 穿着制服 in possession of 拥有

at first sight 乍一看;初看起来 on second thought(s)转念一想 ④有些词组中,具体名词表抽象意义时就不用冠词: make beds 制作床 at table 进餐等 by day 在白天 by radio 通过无线电 in case of 如果万一 in red 身穿红衣服 keep house 料理家务 for a moment 一会儿片刻 a most 非常 by sea 由海路 go to war 交战 in person 亲自 in place of 代替 in sight of 看得见 in a way 在某种程度上 on earth 到底 on fire 着火 out of office 下岗 take air 传播;泄漏 with child 怀孕 make the bed 整理床铺 at the table 在桌子旁 by the day 按日计 by the radio 在收音机旁 in the case of 至于 in the red 亏损,负债 keep the house 居家不出 for the moment 暂时,目前 the most 最 by the sea 在海滨 go to the war 参军 in the person of 以…的资格 in the place of 在…的地方 in the sight of 从…观点来看 in the way 挡路;碍事 on the earth 在地球上 on the fire 在准备中 out of the office 离开办公室 take the air 吸新鲜空气;兜风 with a child 带着孩子

1【2011 湖北】It is generally accepted that boy must learn to stand up and fight like A.a; a B.a; the C.the; the D.a; 不填 strange sight. D. the; a

man.

2【2011 全国卷 II,16】As he reached A. the;不填 B. a; the

front door, Jack saw C.不填 a

3【2011 山东卷,21】Take your time—it’s just_____short distance from here to_____restaurant. A.不填;the B. a; the C. the; a D.不填;a

4【2011 浙江卷,2】Experts think that______recently discovered painting may be _______Picsso. A.the ;不填 B. a ;the C. a ; 不填 D. the; a headmaster of the school, told us, “ fifth of

5【2011 四川卷,18】Dr.Peter Spencer

pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge.” A. 不填;A B.不填;The C.the; The D.a; A

6【2011 重庆卷,26】In communication, a smile is usually __________ strong sign of a friendly and _______ open attitude. A. the, / B. a, an C. a, / D. the, an People’s Republic of China is biggest

7【2011 陕西卷,13】As is known to all, developing country in the world. A. the ;不填 B. 不填 ;the C. the ;the

D. 不填;不填

8【2011 江西卷 22】——It’s said John will be in a job paying over $60,000 _____ year. —— Right, he will also get paid by _____ week. A. the; the 9【10 福建】It’s pleasure. B. a; the C. the; a D.a; a

good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them B. a, 不填 C. the, a D. a, the

A. 不填, a

10【10 山东】If we sit near _______ front of the bus, we’ll have _______ better view. A. 不填; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the

11【10 江苏】The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of life are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a B. 不填;the C. the; a D. the; the

12【10 辽宁】There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in ______ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto _______ earth. A. the; the B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the

13【10 北京】First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get _____ second chance to make _____ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a thing as free lunch in the world.

14 【10 重庆】 Everything comes with A. a, a B. the, / C. the, a D. a, /

price; there is no such

15【10 浙江】Many lifestyle patterns do such weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the

great harm to health that they actually speed up

D. /; / flying start in life.

16【10 四川】In A. the; a

most countries, a university degree can give you B. the; 不填 C.不填; 不填 D.不填; a

17【09 安徽】We can never expect A. a; a B. a; the

bluer sky unless we create C. the; a D. the; the

less polluted world.

18 【09 北京】The biggest whale is ______ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of _______ 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a

19【09 江西】Some people fear that ________ air pollution may bring about changes in _______ weather around the world. A. /; the B. the; / C. an; the D. the; a while.

20【09 海南】Let’s go to A. the; the B. the; a

cinema-that’ll take your mind off the problem for C. a; the D. a ; a ___ prize!

21【09 陕西】What ___ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive A. a; a B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the

22【09 四川】In order to find _______ better job, he decided to study ________ second foreign language. A. the; a B. a; a C. the; the D. a; the

23 【09 浙江】 I don’t understand what the engineer means, but I’ve got ______ rough idea of _____ project plan. A. the; a B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the

24【09 重庆】Washing machines made by China have won become A. a; the popular name. B. /; a C. /; the book that contains C. the; an D. a; the

worldwide attention and Haier has

D. the; a ABC of oil painting.

25【09 全国 II】What I need is A. a; 不填 B. the; 不填

26【湖南】Have you heard ______ news?The piece of _______ petrol is going up again! A. the, the B. 不填, the C. the, 不填 D. 不填, 不填 27【江苏】We went right round to the west coast by_____sea instead of driving across _____ continent. A. the; the B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填

28【山东】Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. 不填;a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. the; a

29【江西】--- I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting. --- It is not your fault. With ___ rush-hour traffic and __ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late. A. a; a B. the; the C. /; / D. /; a

30【辽宁】My neighbor asked me to go for____walk, but I don’t think I’ve got ____ energy. A. a; 不填 B. the; the C. 不填;the D. a; the

31【全国 II】It’s not ___ good idea to drive for four hours without ______ break. A. a ; a B. the ; a C. the ; the D. a ; the

32【陕西】I ate _________ sandwich while I was waiting for _________ 20:08 train. A. the, a B. the, the C. a, the D. a, a

33 【四川】 In the United States, there is always ____ flow of people to areas of ______ country where more jobs can be found. A. a; the B. the ; a C. the; the D. a; a

34【浙江】______ apple fell from the tree and hit him on ______ head. A. An; the B. The; the C. An; 不填 D. The; 不填

35【重庆】In many places in China, _____ bicycle is still _____ popular means of transportation. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the;the

36【全国 II】—Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons, please —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village. A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; /

37【山东】________ walk is expected to last all day, so bring------- packed lunch. A. A;a B. The; 不填 C. The ; a D. A ; 不填 success.

38【福建】—How about A.a; a B.The; a

Christmas evening party? —I should say it was C.a;不填 D.the; 不填

39【2012 浙江】The development of industry has been _____ gradual process throughout _____ human

existence, from stone tools to modern technology. A. 不填; the B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. a; a

40【湖南】Polar bears live mostly on____sea ice, which they use as____platform for hunting seals. A. a; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D. the; 不填

41【全国Ⅰ】- Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? - Sorry, wrong number. There isn’t____ Mr. Smith here. A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one music very much. But what do you think of music in the film

42 【全国Ⅱ】 I know you don’t like we saw yesterday? A. 不填;不填 B. the; the

C. the; 不填

D. 不填;the

43【2012 全国 II】He missed ___ gold in the high jump, but will get ___ second chance in the long jump. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. the; a D. a; 不填 food science at college and hopes to open up

44 【 2012 安徽】Carl is studying _____meat processing factory of his own one day. A. / ; a B. / ;the C. the ; a

D. the ; the

45【2012 重庆】Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ place of George. A./,/ B. the,/ C the; the D./, the 46【2012 全国】Sarah looked at A.不填;a B. a; the finished painting with D. the; a satisfaction.

C. the; 不填

47【2012 山东】 Being able to afford _____ drink would be _____ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; 不填 D. 不填; a

48【2012 江西】 The Smiths don’t usually like staying at ___ hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ____ sea. A. /; a B. the; the C. /; the D. the; a

49【2012 辽宁】I woke up with ______ bad headache, yet by ____ evening the pain had gone. A. the; the B. the; an C. a; the D. a; an

50【2012 四川】We are said to be living in ____ Information Age, ____ time of new discoveries and great changes. A. an; the B. 不填; the C. 不填; a D. the; a



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