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【创新设计】2015高考英语(北师大版)一轮学以致用:专题复习(15)Word版含答案


[学 以 致 用] Ⅰ.根据语境,用所给词的否定形式填空 1.It is ________ (legal)to drive after drinking alcohol. 答案 illegal [句意:酒后开车不合法。]

2.________ (lead)advertisements are not allowed by law. 答案 Misleading

[句意:误导的广告为法律所不允许。]

3.It is ________ (reasonable)to stick to this absurd proposal. 答案 unreasonable [句意:坚持这种荒谬的建议是不合理的。]

4.You must be ________ (literate)if you have not heard of Shakespeare. 答案 illiterate [句意:如果你没听说过莎士比亚,那你一定是文盲的。]

5.There exists the ________ (balance)between the rich and poor countries. 答案 imbalance [句意:富国与穷国之间存在着不平衡。]

6.Her illness had made her completely ________ (mobile). 答案 immobile [句意:她的病使得她完全不能活动了。]

7.His identity is ________ (know)to us so we have to confirm. 答案 unknown [句意:他的身份为我们所不知,所以我们得证实。]

8.He seems to be ________ (aware)of the trouble he is making. 答案 unaware [句意:他似乎不知道他正造成的麻烦。]

9.Jim is ________ (patient)with his little sister who is so noisy. 答案 impatient [句意:吉姆对他吵闹的小妹妹不耐烦。]

10.The ________ (expect)death of her son made her sad. 答案 unexpected [句意:她儿子意外的死亡使她伤心。]

11.Running a business without a budget(预算)is ________ (practical). 答案 impractical [句意:经营生意而没有预算是不实际的。]

12.The government ________ (close)that another ambassador had been arrested for spying.

答案

disclosed

[句意:政府公开另一个外交大使因间谍罪被逮捕。]

13.The bright dress is ________ (proper)for a funeral. 答案 improper [句意:鲜艳的衣服对葬礼来说不合适。]

14.This delay was ________ (avoidable)so we had to be patient. 答案 unavoidable [句意:延迟不可避免,所以我们得耐心。]

15.His income is ________ (adequate)to meet his basic needs and he has to find another job. 答案 inadequate [句意: 他的收入不足以满足基本要求, 他得再找份工作。 ]

16.Students get a ________ (count)of 25%on plane tickets. 答案 discount [句意:学生享有 25%的机票折扣。]

17.The water is ________ (fit)for drinking and you have to gowithout water. 答案 unfit [句意:这水不适宜饮用,你只能不喝水了。]

18.It's ________ (honesty)to lie about one's age. 答案 dishonest [句意:谎报自己的年龄是不诚实的。]

19.The injured man was ________ (capable)of walking,so he had to be carried. 答案 incapable [句意:那个受伤的人不能走路,所以他得被人背着。]

20.He was ________ (ability)to sleep at night because of his anxiety. 答案 unable [句意:由于焦虑,晚上他不能入睡。]

Ⅱ.用所给词的正确形式填空 1.The Chinese people are very ________ (friend)to foreigners. 答案 friendly [空处应填 friend 的形容词形式。]

2.I think it'll be ________(sun)this afternoon. 答案 sunny [空处应填形容词作表语。]

3.David moved ________ (caution)forward. 答案 cautiously [句意:戴维小心翼翼地往前挪。]

4.Without reform, social and economic problems can only be ________(bad).

答案

worse [句意:没有改革,社会和经济问题只会每况愈下。]

5.The teacher gave them ________ (instruct)to arrive early tomorrow morning. 答案 instructions [句意:老师命令他们明天早晨要早到。]

6.Three people have been killed in a bomb ________(explode)in northwest Spain. 答案 explosion [句意: 在西班牙西北部的炸弹爆炸事件中, 已有 3 人死亡。 ]

7. One should have the ability to tell the ________(different)between right and wrong. 答案 difference [固定表达 tell the difference=distinguish(区别)。]

8.He is a ________ (quality)teacher who is respected by his students. 答案 qualified [形容词,“合格的”。]

9.For many Americans the automobile is a ________(necessary). 答案 necessity [不定冠词 a 后接可数名词单数。]

10.He ________ (like)wearing a tie,so you will never see him in tie. 答案 dislikes [ 根据 “ 从来看不到他打领带 ” 可以推断 “ 他不喜欢打领

带”。] 11.You must look after yourself and keep ________ (health). 答案 healthy [keep 为系动词,后面应该接形容词。]

12.Excessive dosage(剂量)of this drug can result in ________(injure)to the liver. 答案 injury [名词 injury 表示“伤害”。]

13.“Thank you.”is a polite ________ (express)which is widely used in English. 答案 expression [a polite expression 表示“一种礼貌的表达”。]

14.He ________ (brave)went into the building house to rescue the baby.Everybody present praised him for his ________ (brave). 答案 bravely;bravery [第一空用副词修饰动词;第二空前有物主代词 his,

后面用名词。] 15.Most Chinese like drinking tea,while ________(America)like coffee.

答案

Americans

[与前一句中 Chinese 相呼应。]

16.More and more people go in for sports in modern ________(time). 答案 times [in modern/ancient times 在现代/古代,为固定搭配。]

17.Nice to meet you,Tom.Did you have a good ________(fly)? 答案 flight [形容词后接名词。]

18.Too much hunting ________ (danger)many species in the past. 答案 endangered [动词作谓语,根据 in the past 可知用一般过去时。]

19.Harry Potter is a boy who is full of ________ (imagine). 答案 imagination [名词,“想象力”。]

20.After ________(graduate),he left China for America for further study. 答案 graduation/graduating [介词后接名词或动名词。]

21. If you want to go ________ (travel), you'd better get everything ready in advance. 答案 构。] 22.Which means of ________ (transport)will you use if you travel to Beijing? 答案 transportation [means of transportation 交通方式。] traveling [go traveling/swimming/fishing/camping/shopping 等为固定结

23. You should assume that the ________(win)would receive big money but they only got a certificate. 答案 winners [从后面的 they 可以看出指人并且要用复数。]

24.________(surprise),he should lose his temper in public. 答案 Surprisingly [副词,“令人吃惊地”,修饰整个句子。]

25.________(expect),the injured athlete came first in the 100meter dash. 答案 Unexpectedly [副词,“出人意料地”,修饰整个句子。]

26.The fish is a bit ________(smell).We can't eat it. 答案 smelly [be 动词后用形容词。smelly 臭的。]

27.Look up the ________(mean)of the word in the dictionary. 答案 meaning [名词,“意思”。]

28.New ________(science)discoveries are being made at an increasing speed. 答案 scientific [形容词,“科学的”。]

29.The mother ________(dress)her baby and gave it a bath. 答案 undressed [动词,“脱衣”,用过去时与 gave 一致。]

30.The scenery of Zhangjiajie is so ________(attract)that many tourists go there every year. 答案 attractive [形容词,“迷人的”。]


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