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外研版高中英语必修3全册精品复习课件


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高中英语第三册(必修3)

第13讲 Module1 Europe 第14讲 Module2 Developing and Developed Countries 第15讲 Module3 The Violence of Nature 第16讲 Module4 Sandstorms in Asia 第17讲 Module5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China 第18讲 Module6 Old and New

新课标·外研版

高中英语第三册(必修3)
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第13讲

Module 1

Europe

第13讲 Module 1
点此播放教学视频

Europe

第13讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
[2011· 课标全国卷] 假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学 习暑期课程,遇到一些困难,希望得到学校辅导中心 (Learning Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书面预约,请 按下列要点写一封信: 1.本人简介; 2.求助内容; 3.约定时间; 4.你的联系方式(Email:lihua@1236.com;Phone: 12345678)。

第13讲 │ 美文欣赏
注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.结束语已为你写好。 __________________________________________________ Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

第13讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Dear Sir/Madam, I'm Li Hua,a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. I'm writing to ask for help. I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with notetaking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me.

第13讲 │ 美文欣赏
Here are my email address and phone number: lihua@1236.com;12345678. Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

第13讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:本人简介→求助内容→约定时间及联系方式。 较好地使用了连接词语,如:but,and等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:ask for, provide, have no idea of, be anxious to等。 ③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:祈使 句,宾语从句:Please let me know which day is OK with you; 并列句、宾语从句、被动语态:I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you; 同位语,现在分词短语作后置定语:…a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university.

第13讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 situated adj.位于→ situate vt.使位于→ _______ situation 1. _______ n. 位置; 情形;境遇 2. _______ located adj.位于→locate vt.使坐落于;找出……的位置→ _______ n. 地方, 位置 location 3. symbol _______ n.象征;符号→ __________ symbolic adj.象征的 →symbolize v.象征 4. agreement _________n.协议, 契约→agree v.同意, 一致→ disagree _______ v.不同意

第13讲 │ 基础梳理
5.representative n.代表→ __________ represent v.代表 6. produce _______ n.产品, 农产品v. 生产→ product n.(工业)产 品→ __________ production n.产量, 生产 7. ______ sign vt.签署, 签名→ signature n. 签名 govern vt.统治, 治理→governor n.州长, 统治者→ 8. _______ __________ governmentn.政府

第13讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.离海岸不远的 2.在……岸边 3.坐落在 4.从事;忙于 5.自古以来;有史以来 6.自此;自从……一直 7.谈及;说起;涉及;查阅 8.与……比较起来 9.就……而言;从……的角度

off the coast on the coast of be situated/located in/on work on of all time ever since refer to compared with in terms of

第13讲 │ 基础梳理
10.( 一方面…, )另一方面 11.对……控制 12.一点点地;逐渐地

(on the one hand…,)on the other hand have control over little by little

点此播放讲课视频

第13讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 third largest country and _____ facesthe 1.France is Europe’s ____________ United Kingdom _____ acrossthe English Channel. 法国是欧洲第三大国, 隔英吉利海峡和英国相望。 2.Paris is the capital and largest city of France, __________ situated on the River Seine. 巴黎是法国的首都, 也是法国最大的城市, 坐落在塞纳河 畔。 has influenced other writers _________ ever since 3.Their work _____________ . 自那以后他们的作品就影响了其他的作家。

第13讲 │ 基础梳理
4. __________ In terms of size and population, how big is the European Union _____________ compared with China? 在面积和人口上, 欧盟和中国相比哪个更大? has a population ofmore 5.The expanded European Union ________________ than half a billion people, _____________ twice as big asthe population of the USA. 扩大了的欧盟人口超过5亿, 相当于美国人口的两倍。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Passive voice: present and past forms; Subject and verb agreement

第13讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 across prep. &adv. (from one side of sth. to the other)横 过, 穿过;从一边到另一边;(on the opposite side of sth.) 在对面 (1) across the street 在街道的对面 10 meters across 宽10米 (2) come across 偶然遇到 get (sth.) across 使被理解;解释清楚

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 across, through和 over across表示从一定范围的一边到另一边, 且在物体的表面上或 沿着某一条线的方向而进行的动作, 其含义常与on有关; through表示动作在空间内进行, 其含义常与in有关;over表 示“越过”, 指越过较高物体(如墙、篱笆或山脉等), 从一侧 到另一侧。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 across the (1) The Great Wall winds its way from west to east, ______ deserts, over _____ the mountains ________ through the valleys, until at last it reaches the sea. 长城从西向东, 跨过沙漠, 越过高 山, 穿过峡谷, 蜿蜒而行, 最后直达海边。 (2) He couldn’t ___ get his meaning ______ across to us. 他无法向我们表达清楚他的意思。 (3) I __________ came acrossa group of children playing in the garden. 我遇到一群孩子在花园里玩耍。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
2 face n. 脸;表面;(物体的)正面, 表面 v.面向, 面朝;面临, 面对 (1) make a face 做鬼脸 face to face 面对面 in the face of 面对;不顾 (2) face south 面向南方 be faced ____ 面临;面对(困难、问题等) with face up to 正视, 勇敢地面对

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Faced ______________________ with/In the face of difficulties, she didn’t choose to give up. 面对困难, 她没有选择放弃。 face up to/face the fact that he is no longer young. (2)He must _____________ 他必须勇于正视自己不再年轻这一事实。 (3) I want to find a house with the window ___________ facing south . 我想找一个窗子朝南的房子。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
3 range n.山脉;(变化等的)幅度;范围v. (vary or extend between specified limits) (在一定范围内)变化, 变动 (1) be in/within range 在范围以内 be beyond/out of range 超出范围;在范围以外 a wide/broad range of 范围广泛的 (2) range from…to…/between…and… 在……到……之间变动

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The hotel offers ______________ a wide range of facilities and services. 酒店提供一系列的设施和服务。 (2) The books cover a variety of ubjects ___________________ ranging from sports to current affairs. 这些书包含话题很广, 从体育到当前事务都有涉及。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
4 opposite prep. 在……对面adj. 相对的;对面的;对立 的;相反的n. 对立面; 反面 just/quite the opposite 恰恰相反 the man opposite 对面的那个人

点此播放朗读视频

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He sat down in the chair ________ opposite . 他在对面的椅子上坐了下来。 (2) I thought the medicine would work, but it had the opposite effect . _____________ 我以为这个药会起作用, 但是却产生了相反的效果。 (3) — Is it better now? —Just/Quite ____________________, the opposite I am afraid. “现在好点了吗?” “恐怕正相反。”

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
5 sign v. 签署, 签字, 签约;做手势(示意)n. 迹象, 征兆; 手势, 信号;标志, 指示牌;符号 (1) sign to sb. to do sth. 打手势示意某人做某事 sign up 报名参加 sign in/out (在宾馆、机场等)签上名字以示到 达或离去 sign an agreement 签署协议 (2) road signs 路标 a sign of storm 有暴雨的迹象

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 sign, signal, mark和symbol (1) sign表示“标识, 标记”时指具体的用于识别或指示的标 志, 如指标牌。也可指事件发生的先兆、迹象。 Very often dark clouds are a sign of rain. 通常乌云是要下雨的征兆。 Sir, you are not to walk your pet on the lawn. Don’t you see the sign: “Keep off the grass”? 先生, 你不可以在草坪上遛狗, 你没瞧见牌子上写着“请 勿践踏草坪”吗?

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) signal信号, 常指约定俗成, 用于传达某些信息的信号, 也指灯光、声音或信号标志。 A red light is a signal of danger, which is even known to a fiveyearold child. 红灯是危险的信号, 这一点就连五岁的孩子都知道。 (3) mark “痕迹, 标记”, 指为某一目的有意做的标记, 也指 无意留下或自然形成的痕迹。 His feet left dirty marks all over the floor. 他的脚在地板上留下了脏痕迹。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) symbol “象征, 符号”, 指被人们选出的物体或图案, 用 来代表另一事物, 并作为该事物的标记或象征。 Doves are universally viewed as a symbol of peace all over the world. 世界各地把鸽子看作是和平的象征。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)Please _______ sign in at reception first. 请先到服务台签到。 (2)I’m thinking of _________ signing upfor a yoga course. 我正在考虑报名学习瑜伽。

第13讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 单项填空 Drive straight ahead, and then you will see a ________ to the HefeiNanjing Expressway. A.sign B.mark C.signal D.board 【解析】 A 根据语境,此句中提到的是“一个通往合 肥——南京高速的指示牌”。sign标识;mark痕迹,标记; signal信号;board板子,牌子,布告牌。

第13讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 work on (to spend time working in order to produce or repair something) 从事, 忙于 (1) work at 研究, 努力学习 out work ___ 算出;解决, 找到答案;制订出;锻 炼;按某种方式发展, 结果 work as 作为……工作 (2) at work 在上班

第13讲 │ 短语储存
【易混辨析】 work on和work at work on往往指做某种具体的工作, 翻译起来比较灵活;而 work at更倾向于“钻研”或“努力学习”。如: He is working on a new novel. 他正在写一本新的小说。 The little boy was working on a branch with a knife to make a toy gun. 小男孩正在用刀子削树枝做玩具手枪。 He is working at English grammar. 他正在努力学习英语语法。

第13讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1. 根据语境选择work 相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) I’m tired to death. I’ve been __________ working on the wall the whole morning. 我累得要死, 整个上午一直在粉刷墙壁。 (2) Learning a language isn’t easy. You have to ________ work at it. 学一门语言不容易, 你需要努力学习。 (3) She ________ works as a consultant for a design company. 她在一家设计公司做顾问。

第13讲 │ 短语储存
2. 根据语境选择work out恰当的英语释义 a.to calculate sth. b.to train the body by physical exercise c.to develop in a particular way; to turn out d.to find the answer to sth.; to solve sth. e.to plan or think of sth. (1)We’ll have to work out how much food we’ll need for the party. (2)Financially, things have worked out well for us. (3)I work out regularly to keep fit. (4)I am trying to work out the problem. (5)I’ve worked out a new way of doing it.

a c b d e

第13讲 │ 短语储存
2 have control over 对……加以控制 take control over/of 取得/得到对……的控制 bring/get/keep…under control 使……得到控制 lose control of 失去对……的控制 be/get out of control 失去控制 be in control of 控制;掌管 be in the control of 受……控制

第13讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 take control of the family (1) His son is being trained to _____________ business. 他儿子正在接受培训以掌管家族企业。 in control of the project? (2) Who’s _____________ 谁是这个项目的负责人? (3) A head teacher must ________________ have control over all his students, or some of them may break the school rules. 班主任必须对所有学生加以管理, 否则有些学生会违反 学校的规章制度。

第13讲 │ 短语储存
3 in terms of 就……而言;从……的观点;从……角度 in the long term 长期内 in the short term 短期内 【活学活用】 in the long term (1) We must aim for world peace _______________. 我们要争取持久的世界和平。 (2) The house is ideal _____________, in terms of size but it is too expensive. 从面积上看, 这房子很理想, 但价格太贵。

第13讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
Italy is in the south of Europe on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. 意大利位于欧洲南部, 濒临地中海。
句型公式 in on to 在范围之内, 在范围之外;接壤 在范围之外;可接壤也可不接壤

be/lie

第13讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 South of…be/lie………位于……的南部。(属于倒装句句式, 主谓一致要根据后面的名词来决定。) 【活学活用】 on/to the south ofFrance. (1) Spain is _______________ 西班牙在法国南部。 (2) North of the town ______________________________ are/lie two wellknown restaurants, where many people like eating. 在小镇的北边有两家有名的饭店, 很多人喜欢在那里吃 饭。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 ange of subjects. 1.His reading covers a wide r_____ symbol 标志, 象征)of life. 2.In the picture the tree is the _______ greement to stop the war. 3.The three sides reached an a_________ 4.The destination of our journey is a farm ______________ situated/located (位于) in the valley. 5.The grocery store was on the o_______ pposite side of the street years ago.

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 work on, refer to, on the other hand, ever since, little by little 1.Working very hard, he is making progress ___________. little by little on the other hand , it’s cheap. 2.It’s not a very nice flat. But _________________ 3.We met ten years ago and ________ we have been good ever since friends. 4.—Does what he said _______ refer to you?—No idea. 5.He has been ___________ working on the machine all the day. What’s wrong with it?

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 湖北卷] This restaurant has become popular for its wide ___________ of foods that suit all tastes and pockets. A.division B.area C.range D.circle 【解析】 C 考查名词词义辨析。range名词,这里表示 “一系列”,表示食物种类繁多。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.Jack is considerate while his wife is just the _______ . A.difference B.disagreement C.opposite D.inconsiderate 【解析】 C just the opposite恰恰相反。句意为:杰克很 体贴,而他妻子则恰恰相反。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.I would like a job which pays more, but ________ I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment. A.in other words B.on the other hand C.for one thing D.as a matter of fact 【解析】 B 句意:我喜欢酬劳更多的工作,但是从另一 方面来说,我很满意我现在正在做的工作。in other words 换句话说;on the other hand另一方面;for one thing首 先;as a matter of fact事实上。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.He suddenly saw Sue ________ the room. He pushed his way ________ the crowded people to get to her. A.across; across B.over; through C.over; into D.across; through 【解析】 D across在……的对面;through从……内部穿 过。Sue在房间的对面应用across,穿过人群应用through。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.John hadn’t been able to stop smoking suddenly; he had to control his smoking desire ________ . A.by and by B.sooner or later C.little by little D.from time to time 【解析】 C by and by 不久以后,不一会儿;sooner or later 迟早;little by little(相当于step by step)渐渐地;from time to time 时常地。句意:约翰不能立即把烟戒掉,他得 慢慢地控制烟瘾。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.Beautifully ________ in a quiet spot near the river, the hotel attracts a lot of people to stay. A.locating B.lies C.situated D.sat 【解析】 C 考查动词辨析及非谓语动词。从句子结构 看,此处需要非谓语作状语,表示“(建筑物等)位于,坐落 于”,要用短语be situated in/be located in/lie in/sit in, 其 非谓语形式则为situated/located in/lying in/sitting in。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.As we know, Beethoven is the greatest musician ________ . A.for all the time B.of all time C.by all times D.at all times 【解析】 B of all time意为“有史以来”,常跟最高级搭配。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.Scientists have found no ________ of life on Mars so far. A.symbols B.signs C.marks D.signals 【解析】 B 考查名词词义辨析。symbol符号,标志,象 征; sign招牌,迹象; mark痕迹,记号,分数;signal信 号,标志。句意:科学家到现在为止没有发现火星上有生 命的迹象。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
9. ________ a tough job market, fresh graduates are dreaming of running their own business instead. A.Facing with B.Faced with C.Faced up with D.Facing to 【解析】 B 本题考查非谓语动词。be faced with意为“面 临……,要对付……”,由于用作状语,故只保留了faced with,选B。

第13讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.[2011· 江西卷] You can’t predict everything. Often things don’t ________ as you expect. A.run out B.break out C.work out D.put out 【解析】 C work out 按某种方式发展,结果; run out用 完,耗尽;break out突然发生; put out熄灭。句意为:通 常事情并不会像我们预料的那样发展。

第14讲

Module 2

Developing

第14讲 Module 2 Developing and Developed Countries

第14讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _______ hunger n. 饥饿 → hungry adj. 饥饿的 2. _______ poverty n. 贫穷 → poor adj. 穷的 3.develop v. 发展;成长;开发;冲洗照片 → __________ development n. 发展 → __________ ________ adj. developing adj. 发展中的 → developed 发达的 educationn. 教育 4.educate v. 教育→ ________ 5. homeless ________ adj. 无家可归的→ home n. 家

第14讲 │ 基础梳理
6.similarity n. 类似→ ________ similar adj. 类似的→ ________ similarly adv. 类似地 7. crowded ________ adj. 拥挤的→crowd v. & n. 拥挤;人群, 群众 unfortunate adj. 不幸的, 可惜的→fortunate adj. 幸运的→ 8. ___________ ____________ adv. 不幸地;可惜地→ ________ n. 运气, fortune unfortunately 财富 9. ________ transport n. 运输, 交通工具 v.运输→transportation n. 运 输, 交通工具;运输业 10. ________ polluted adj. 污染的→pollute v. 污染→ ________ pollutionn. 污染

第14讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.同意做…… 2.在……顶端 3.在……底部 4.减至;减少到 5.以……幅度增加 6.取得进步 7.努力做某事 8.靠近;接近 9.大小和年龄相似 10.鼓励某人做某事

agree to do… at the top of at the bottom of reduce to increase by make progress make efforts to do be close to of similar size and age encourage sb. to do sth.

第14讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Norway is ___________the list, _______ at the top of while the US is at number 7.挪威高居榜首, 而美国位列第七。 2.The report shows that we are ____________________ making some progressbut make greater efforts 报告显示:我们正在进 that we need to _________________. 步, 但是我们必须做出更大的努力。 3.Town twinning is not a new idea, but it __________ more has become popular in recent years because it’s now easier ___________ to find out about and visit other countries and towns. 姊妹城并不是个新主意, 但是在最近的几年里它变得更受 欢迎了, 因为现在要了解和参观其他的国家和城市更容易 了。

第14讲 │ 基础梳理
4.This is because ____________ living with a foreign family for one or two weeks means that you have to speak their language, and as a result you improve fast. ___________ 这是因为和外国家庭成员生活一两周意味着你必须说他们 的语言, 这样你会进步很快。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Link words

第14讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 measure v. 测量;衡量, 判定;(长、宽、高等)是n. 尺 寸;措施 adopt/take measures to do 采取措施做某事 make…to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做…… 【易错警示】 measure表示“(长、宽、高等)是”时是系动词, 没有被动语态; measure作名词, 表示“措施”时, 是可数名词, 常用复数形 式。

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The government _______________ to bring down the prices is taking measures of houses. 政府正在采取措施降低房价。 (2) How can we _______________ measure its value ? 我们怎样才能衡量它的价值呢? (3) The lake _________ measures 130 by 80 kilometers. 这条湖长一百三十公里宽八十公里。

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
2 position n. 位置;姿势;职位;地位;处境 v. 安装;安 置 in one’s position/place 处在某人的处境/地位 put sb. in a difficult position 使某人陷入困难的处境 in/out of position/place 在/不在适当的位置 hold a position 拥有一个职位

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The chairs are all __________________. out of position/place 椅子全都放得不是地方。 holds an important position in the government. (2) He ________________________ 他在政府里担任着要职。 (3) What would you do __________________ ? in my position/place 你处在我的位置会怎样做呢?

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
3 figure n.数字;(someone who is important or famous in some way)(重要)人物;(the shape of a woman’s body)身 材;肖像, 塑像;人影v. 计算;认为, 估计 figure sth. in 将某物算在内 out figure ___ 理解;弄明白;想出, 算出 figure that… 认为, 以为……

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I can’t _________ figure out why he is always late. 我不明白他为什么总是迟到。 (2) Have you __________ figured out how much the trip will cost? 你有没有算出旅行要花掉多少钱? (3) ____________ I figure (that) if I take the night train, I can be in Scotland by morning. 我想如果我坐晚上的火车, 早上就能到达苏格兰。

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
4 crowded adj. 拥挤的 (1) crowd n. (2) crowds of/a crowd of be crowded ____ with crowd into follow the crowd

人群;群众 v. 挤满, 塞满;使……拥挤 许多 挤满…… 大批涌入 随大流

第14讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The hall ________________ was crowded with people. 大厅里挤满了人。 (2) Thousands of people ____________ crowded into the narrow streets. 成千上万的人把狭窄的街道挤得水泄不通。

第14讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 agree to sth. 同意(计划、安排等) with agree ____ 赞同某人的意见;和……一致;适合 agree __ 在……方面达成一致 on 【易错警示】 agree只能用于表示“主语同意自己去做某事”, 而要表示“同 意别人去做某事”要用allow/permit sb. to do/let sb. do(即“允 许某人做某事”)。

第14讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 agreed to meet again the following Monday. (1) We _________ 我们同意下周一再见。 (2) I agree _________ with you. You should move back to the south for the climate here doesn’t agree _________ with you. 我赞同你的意见。你应该搬回到南方去, 因为这儿的气候 不适合你。 (3) Not all _________ agreed to the plan. But they _________ agreed on the date for the meeting at last. 并非所有的人都赞同这个计划, 但最后他们就会议日期 达成了一致。

第14讲 │ 短语储存
(4) Your story doesn’t _________ agree withwhat the police have told us. 你讲的和警察告诉我们的不一致。

第14讲 │ 短语储存
2 make progress 取得进步 in progress 在进展中 【易错警示】 progress 是不可数名词, 可以用much, great修饰。

第14讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 made such great progress I’m glad to see that you’ve ______________________ . 我很高兴看到你取得那么大的进步。

第14讲 │ 短语储存
3 make efforts (to do sth.) make an effort make every effort spare no effort (to do) through one’s efforts without effort 努力(做某事)

做出努力 尽一切努力 不遗余力;全力以赴 通过某人的努力 毫不费力地

第14讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) I will _______________________________________ to arrive make every effort/make efforts/spare no effort on time. 我将尽一切努力准时到达。 (2) I believe our country will become more powerful and more beautiful ________________. through our efforts 我相信, 在我们的努力下, 我们的国家会变得更加强大, 更加美丽。

第14讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
This is because living with a foreign family for one or two weeks means that you have to speak their language, and as a result you improve fast. 这是因为和外国家庭成 员生活一两周意味着你必须说他们的语言, 这样你会进步很 快。 句型公式 This is because…这是因为……

第14讲 │ 句型透视
【句式点拨】 在本句中because引导的从句作表语。 where, why, because, how 等引导的从句在This is/That is 的句 型中作表语, 表示具体的地点、原因、方式等。如: This is why we didn’t come to the meeting. 这就是我们没有到会的原因。

第14讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 用because, why, where或how填空 (1) She didn’t study hard. That was _____ why she failed in the exam. (2) He failed in the exam. That was ______ becausehe didn’t study hard. (3) You are always making me nervous. That is ____ I feel about how you. (4) Look!This is ______the accident happened. where

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 olluted As a result, many fish has 1.The lake is seriously p________. died. 2.T___________ ransporting goods by train can reduce pollution. 3. Unfortunately ___________ (可惜的是), I won’t be able to attend the meeting. 4.It’s hard to m_______ easure his ability when we haven’t seen his work. 5.Friendship takes time and effort to _______ develop(培养).

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 agree to (do), make efforts, increase by, be close to, encourage us to (do) make more 1.We have made great progress but we need to _____ ______. efforts 2.Peter, my English teacher, never fails to _____________ encourage us to study hard. agreed to 3.He didn’t allow me to use his computer, but he ________ type the report for me.

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
is close to 4.I don’t mind where we go on vacation as long as it ________ a beach. 5.They are trying to increase _______ profits ___ by 10 percent.

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 陕西卷] You look well. The air and the sea foods in Sanya must ________you, I suppose. A. agree with B. agree to C. agree on D. agree about 【解析】 A 考查动词短语。句意为“你看起来气色很好, 我想三亚的空气和海鲜食品肯定适合你”。agree with适宜 于……的健康和体质。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.—I wonder how much you charge for your services. —The first two are free ________ the third costs $30. A.while B.until C.when D.before 【解析】 A 考查连词辨析。while 在这里表示对比。答语 意为:前两种服务免费,而第三种服务要30美元。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.Great attention must be paid ________ welfare, especially in the poor area. A.develop B.to develop C.to developing D.developing 【解析】 C 考查非谓语动词形式和常用搭配。pay attention to中的to为介词,其后跟动名词,且to不能省略。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.We’ll make some suits for you to your own ________ . A.height B.size C.measure D.weight 【解析】 C 考查词语辨析和常用搭配。 make…to one's measure为固定短语,意为“按某人的尺寸定做……”。其他 不符合搭配习惯。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.In recent years, China and the USA have had a lot of ________ of views about the same problem. A.replacements B.transformations C.changes D.exchanges 【解析】 D 句意:近几年中美两国在相同的问题上交流 了很多观点。exchange用作可数名词,意为“交换;交流; 互换”, exchange of views交流观点。replacement代替, 取代,更换;transformation变化,转变,变形。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.The result of the test shows that most of the students have made much ________ . A.progress B.increase C.movement D.attempt 【解析】 A 考查名词辨析。根据题意可知考查make progress这个短语。 increase增加;movement运动,移 动;attempt尝试。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.They had to stand for hours without changing ________ . A.position B.state C.situation D.location 【解析】 A 考查名词辨析。position位置,姿势,姿态; state情形,情况;situation地点,场所;location位置,场 所。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.[2011· 安徽卷] As the story________, the truth about the strange figure is slowly discovered. A. begins B.happens C. ends D. develops 【解析】 D 考查动词辨析。句意:随着故事的发展,关 于那个奇怪的人物的真相慢慢地被发现了。空白处应填 develop,表示“发展”。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.Last night he saw two dark ________ enter the building, and then there was the explosion. A.features B.shapes C.figures D.images 【解析】 C feature特征;shape形状,外形;figure人 影;image图像,形象。根据语境C项合适。

第14讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.One advantage of playing the guitar is ________ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A.how B.why C.that D.when 【解析】 C 本题考查表语从句。that 引导表语从句,在 从句中只起连接作用,不作任何成分,一般不能省略。it can give you a great deal of pleasure是一个完整的句子,所 以要用that引导。

阅读写作(七) 应用文写作之电子邮件

阅读写作(七)[应用文写作之电 子邮件]

阅读写作(七) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
英文e-mail与英文书信的写法和格式大体相同,但也有 不同之处。英文e-mail一般由以下五部分组成: 1.标题栏 这是英文书信中没有的。标题栏中有“收件人”、“抄 送”和“主题”三个框。在“收件人”框中填写收件人的e- mail地址。如要将邮件同时发送给多人,可在“抄送”框中填 入其他人的e-mail地址。在“主题”框中简要地概括邮件的 内容,可以用一个单词,如:Greetings(问候);也可以用短语, 如:Personal information(个人情况);还可以是一个内容完整 但语言简短的句子。

阅读写作(七) │ 写作点拨
2.称呼语 如果是同学或亲朋好友间的邮件,可以直呼其名,如: Mike;但如果是发给老师、长辈或上级,最好在称呼前加上 称谓或职位。职位可用Doctor,Professor等,如:Professor Li。男性用Mr;女性用Miss(未婚),Mrs(已婚),Ms(不知婚 否 )。 3.正文 大多数e-mail篇幅短小,语言简单明了。如果是写给不 熟悉的人,一般要先进行自我介绍;反之,则可直接进入正 题。要多使用短句、简单句,少用或不用长句。一是便于阅 读,再者使意思清楚。如果内容很长,可就重点部分作些介 绍,而把详细内容以“附件”的方式发出。

阅读写作(七) │ 写作点拨
4.结尾客套话 英文书信的信尾客套话常用Best wishes! Good luck to you! 等。而e-mail通常很简明,如:Best,Thanks,Yours等。 5.落款 直接写发件人的姓名即可,且与客套话对齐。

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.段首常用语: (1) Thank you for your letter of Dec. 15th… (2) I'm glad/pleased to tell you that… (3) I am very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago. (4) Thanks for your invitation to the Christmas party. (5) How are you getting along with your study?

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
2.话题引入常用语: (1) I'm glad to tell you something about … (2) As far as I know/am concerned/see 3.段尾常用语: (1) Please write to me soon and tell me about your… (2) I'm looking forward to your reply… (3) With kind/ best regards/wishes. (4) If so, please e-mail me in response…

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
4.电子邮件格式模板: To: jina@163.net From: ty@163.net Subject: An English Contest Hi Jina, How are you going recently! An English Speech Contest will be held in our school at 3:30 p.m. on Oct. 10th. You are good at English and you have great ability to express yourself in English. So you should take an active part in the contest. I am sure you will win the award if you make some preparations before the contest.

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
Although I don't do well in English, I'd like to join in and have a try. Please contact me as soon as possible. Thanks and have a good day!

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 假设你是李华,你在英国的笔友Tommy最近为自己发胖 感到苦恼。请你根据所给提示,给他发一封100词左右的电子 邮件。邮件内容包括: 1.可能造成发胖的原因 (如饮食、锻炼……),至少写出 两条; 2.简述你自己相关的健康生活方式。 注意:邮件开头和落款已经为你写好。

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
Dear Tommy, I am really feeling bad that you are being troubled by overweight these days. ______________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 Dear Tommy, I am really feeling bad that you are being troubled by overweight these days. I have read an article about overweight kids. It is said that overweight kids don't exercise enough or eat right. Some kids are overweight because fast food restaurants serve the wrong foods or it's a problem of genes. No matter what causes your problem, I suggest you go on a diet or just eat less for half a year and see the result.

阅读写作(七) │ 词句模板
Also, don't forget to take more exercise. You know, every afternoon after class I play basketball together with my classmates. Hope you feel better and look forward to good news about you. Yours, Li Hua

第15讲

Module 3

The Violence

第15讲 Module 3 The Violence of Nature

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
[2011· 重庆卷] 某国际动物关爱协会面向全球中学生招募 “动物代言人”,希望申请者选择一种自己喜欢的动物,为之 代言(speak for)。假设你是重庆新华中学的学生李华,有意参 与该活动。现请你用英文在线填写申请表(仅需填写“申请陈 述”部分),内容如下: · 表示有意参加 · 说明自己富有爱心、关爱动物 · 打算为何种动物代言,并说明理由 · 希望申请成功

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏
Application Form(申请表)
Name(姓名) Li Hua Sex(性别) F/M Age(年龄) 18 Email Add.(电子邮件地址) lihua@xinhuaschool.com

Statement of Application(申请陈述)

I am a student from Xinhua Middle School in Chongqing,China. ________________________________________

注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.“申请陈述”的第一句已经给出,不计入总词数。

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 I'm a student from Xinhua Middle School in Chongqing, China. And I'm very much interested in speaking for animals. You know I'm warmhearted and have always been caring for animals. I would like to speak for dogs. It is not only because dogs

are my favorite animals, but also dogs are not treated properly. Devoted though dogs are to us human beings, we seldom think about what they need and care. We just order them to do this or that, but hardly are we aware what we can do for them.

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏
In my opinion, it is high time we did something for our closest animal friends and lived a harmonious life with them. Strongly hoping to be accepted to speak for animals.

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:表明意向,说明优势→选择动物、说明理由 →希望申请成功。较好地使用了连接词,如:and,not only…but also,though,but等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如: warmhearted,care for,devoted, properly,be aware 等。

第15讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:表语从 句:…not only because dogs are my favorite animals, but also dogs are not treated properly. 倒装句、宾语从句:Devoted though dogs are to us human beings, we seldom think about what they need and care. 虚拟语气:it is high time we did something… 同时,非谓语动词结构的使用也为文章增色不少,如:to be accepted to speak。

第15讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 experienced 1.experience n. 经验;经历 v. 经历, 体验→ __________ adj. 有经验的 2. ________ violent adj. 暴力的 → violence n. 暴力 erupt v. 喷发 3.eruption n. 喷发 → ______ possibly adv. 4. possibility __________ n. 可能 → possible adj. 可能的 → _______ impossible adj. 不可能的 可能地→ _________ 5. __________ terrifying adj. 令人可怕的 → terrify v. 使害怕 → terrified ________ adj. 害怕的

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
luck n. 幸运 6. luckily ______ adv. 幸运地 → lucky adj. 幸运的 → _______ 7.active adj. 积极的 → ________ adv. 积极地 → ________ n. 积极, 活动 actively activity 8.occur v. 发生→ ________ 过去式→ ________ 过去分词 →occurrence n. 发生的事情;发生, 出现 occurred occurred 9.strike v. 袭击 → ______ 过去式→ ______ 过去分词 10. _________ adv.感激地 →thankful adj . 感激的 struck struck 11. _________ thankfully adv. 满怀希望地, 有希望地→ hopeful adj. 满怀 希望的 hopefully

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
sadly adv. 伤心地, 难过地→ sad adj. 伤心的, 难过的→ 12. _____ sadnessn. 伤心, 难过 ______

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.拿起;拾起;搭载;学会;收听 2.平均 3.有史以来 4.到……时为止 5.结束;告终 6.扑灭 7.放火烧…… 8.总共 9.带来损害 10.使某人无家可归

pick up on average of all time by the time end up put out set fire to in all do/cause damage make sb. homeless

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside exactly ___________. where it was 他们(龙卷风)能够毁坏房子, 但是房子里的家具却留在原 地。 On average , there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, 2. __________ causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injured. 平均来说, 美国每年发生800次龙卷风, 造成大约80人死 亡, 1500人受伤。

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
3.The worst tornado ________________ affecting of all time occurred in 1925, ________ three US states: Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. 历史上最严重的龙卷风发生于1925年, 影响了美国三个 州:密苏里州、伊利诺斯州和印第安纳州。 the time ended, more than 700 people 4. By __________it ______________ had been injured had been killed and 2, 700 _______________. 等到风停时, 已有700多人死亡, 2700多人受伤。 5.The fires burned for three days, __________ destroying a total of 25, 000 buildings. 大火持续了三天, 烧毁了25000座建筑。

第15讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Past perfect passive;Indirect speech

第15讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 experience n. 经验;经历v. 经历;遭受 (1) experienced adj. 有经验的;熟练的 (2) from/by experience 凭经验;从经验中(得出) be experienced in 在……方面有经验 【温馨提示】 experience作“经验”讲是不可数名词, 作“经历”讲是可数 名词。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Mr Brown has _________________ a lot of experience in teaching. 布朗先生有丰富的教学经验。 a terrible experience (2) Yesterday afternoon I had __________________. 昨天下午, 我遭遇了一次可怕的经历。 (3) Everyone _______________________ experiences these problemsat some time in their lives. 每个人在人生的某个阶段都会经历这些问题。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
2 cause n. 原因, 起因;事业v. 引起, 导致 for a good cause 为了正义的事业 cause sb. to do sth. 促使某人做某事 【易混辨析】 cause和reason (1) cause 指“导致某事发生的原因或起因”, 常跟of搭配。 如:We do not yet know the cause of the accident. 我们尚不清楚事故的原因。 (2) reason 指“做某事的理由”, 常跟for或why引导的定语从 句搭配。如:He has given no reasons for his decision. 他并未说明他决定的理由。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Tell me ______________ the reason why you were so late this morning.告诉 我今天上午你来这么晚的原因。 (2) The _________________ cause of the firewas carelessness. 火灾的起因是粗心。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
3 occur v. 发生;(come into one’s mind)(想法、念头等)出 现 (1) occurrence n. 发生的事情、事件;发生;出现 (2) sth. occur to sb. 某事浮现在某人的脑海中;某人想 到某事 It occurs to sb. that/It occurs to sb. to do… 某人想到……

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 take place, happen, occur, come about和break out 以上词或短语都含有“发生”的意思, 区别如下: (1) take place表示“发生, 举行, 举办”, 一般指非偶然性 事件的发生, 即这种事件的发生是由于某种原因或根据事 先的安排。 (2) happen作“发生”讲, 一般用于偶然或突发性事件。另外 还可以表示“碰巧”。常用于搭配:happen to do sth./It happens that… (3) occur作“发生”讲, 其意义相当于happen, 但它还可以表 示“想到, 突然想起”。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) come about表示“发生, 产生”, 多指事情已经发生 了, 但还不知道为什么, 常用于疑问句和否定句。可以构 成句 型:How did it come about that…?……是怎么发生 的? (5) break out意为“发生, 爆发”, 常指战争、灾难、疾病 或 者争吵等事件的发生, 也可以表示突然大声叫喊等。 【温馨提示】 上面表示“发生”的五个词或短语, 都是不及物动词。其主 语都是事情、事件等。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The 28th Olympic Games took _________ place in Beijing. 第28届奥运会在北京举行。 (2) How did it __________that he knew where we were?他是怎 come about 么知道我们在什么地方的呢? (3) Should another world war break ________ out , what would become of human beings? 万一另一次世界大战爆发, 人类将会发生什么事? (4) I __________________on happened to see him my way home. = _______________ It happened that I saw him on my way home. 我碰巧在回家的路上见到了他。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
(5) ________________ Did it occur to you that you may be wrong? 你有没有想到过你有可能是错的?

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
4 ruin v. (使)破产;(使)堕落;毁灭n. 毁灭;废墟 in ruins 成为废墟 go/fall/come to ruin 毁灭;崩溃;破坏掉 【易混辨析】 ruin, damage, destroy和harm (1) ruin 一般指对物体或生命彻底的破坏, 但往往是非暴力 的, 也往往不是一次性打击的结果, 常指对美好的或希望 中的事物的破坏。 (2) damage 一般指对物体或生命的局部损伤, 使整体的价值 或作用降低或变得无价值、 无作用。它既可作名词, 也可 作动词。作名词时常构成搭配: cause/do damage (to…)(对……)造成损害。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) destroy 往往指对某物体进行完全的毁坏,使之无法恢复。 (4) harm 一般指伤害有生命的东西, 常指伤及人的健康、 权 利、 事业等。 What he faced ruined his hope. 他所面对的使他的希望破灭了。 The whole city was destroyed in the earthquake. 整个城市在地震中被毁掉了。 We wanted to have a look at the ruins of Pompeii. 我们想看一下庞贝城的废墟。 They managed to repair the houses that had been damaged. 他们设法修复了受到破坏的房子。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用ruin, damage或destroy的适当形式填空 damage to the crops. (1)The rain caused great ________ (2)The building was completely ________ destroyedin the fire. ruined it. (3)She poured water all over my painting, and ________

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
5 strike v. 打;碰撞; (突然)袭击;突然想到;让(某人) 觉得, 留下……印象;擦(火柴);钟敲响 n. 罢工 It strikes me that… 某人突然想到/意识到…… be deeply struck 被深深打动 strike sb. as… 让某人觉得…… be on strike 在罢工 go on strike 举行罢工

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 strike, hit和beat (1) strike指用力地“打击”, 表示短暂的动作, 含有急速的 或突然的一次性的殴打、打击或敲击, 是普通用词, 有时与hit通用, 并用于比喻意义。 (2) hit 指“打”时, 侧重于对某一点“打中, 击中”, 或有 目 的地打, 表结果。 (3) beat 指“连续殴打, 击败”, 也指心脏的“跳动”。

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据语境判断strike在下列句中的含义 (1)The plan strikes me as ridiculous. ___________ 让 (某人)觉得 (2)His knee struck against the chair. ________ 碰撞 (3)It was dark in the room so he struck a match. ________ 划(火柴) 袭击 (4)An earthquake struck this area last year. ________ (5)A good idea struck me and I decided to go abroad. 突然想到 ________

第15讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 用beat, hit或strike的适当形式填空 (1)When she heard the bad news, her heart _____ beat fast. (2)They left the house when the clock ______ strucktwelve. (3)I was deeply ______ struck by the beauty of the country. (4)It ______ struck me that there was no one at home. (5)A bullet ___ hit him on the leg.

第15讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 set fire to 放火烧……;使……燃烧 set… on __ fire 放火烧;使燃烧 catch fire 着火;起火 be __ 燃烧着 on fire make a fire 生火 put out fire 扑火 play with fire 冒大风险;玩火

第15讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)It took firemen several hours ________________ to put out the fire (扑灭火). (2)It seems that something ______________ has caught fire (已经着火). on fire (在燃烧). (3)The house is _______ (4)Anyone who _________ sets fire to (放火烧) the building can’t escape punishment.

第15讲 │ 短语储存
2 take place 发生;举行 take sb.’s place/take the place of 代替;接替 in place of 代替 in place 在正确的位置;适当 out of place 在错误的位置;在不适当的位置 in sb.’s place 处于某人的位置

第15讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The contest __________ takes place every four years. 该赛事每4年举行一次。 (2) Jane was absent, and I had to find someone to ____________ take her place .简没来, 我只好找个人替她。 (3) Try to put yourself in __________ my place and think how you would feel. 把自己放在我的位置上, 想想你会有什么感觉。 (4) Some of these files seem to be ___________. out of place 有些档案似乎没放对地方。

第15讲 │ 短语储存
3 end up 结果为……;以……结束 (1) put an end to sth. 使某事结束, 终止 bring sth. to an end 使某事结束, 终止 come to an end 结束;终止 (2) on end 连续地;竖着;直立地 in the end 最后;终于 at the end of… 在……结束时 __ 到……结束时为止 by the end of make ends meet 使收支相抵

第15讲 │ 短语储存
【温馨提示】 end up往往指意料之外的结果, 后面可以加动名词、介词短 语或形容词。如: If you continue to steal, you’ll end up in prison. 你要是继续行窃, 终归得进监狱。 We were going to go out, but ended up staying at home. 我们原计划外出, 但结果却是呆在家里了。 If he carries on driving like that, he’ll end up dead. 他照那样开车, 早晚得死于非命。

第15讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) What did the teacher say ____________ at the end of her lecture? 在上课结束时老师说了什么? in the end (2) He had to give up _________. 他最终不得不放弃。 (3) At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he _________ ended up apologizing. 最初他拒不承认有任何责任, 到头来还是道了歉。

第15讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
(1) On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injured. 平均来说, 美国每年发生800次龙卷风, 造成大约80人死 亡, 1500人受伤。 (2) The worst tornado of all time occurred in 1925, affecting three US states: Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. 历史上最严重的龙卷风发生于1925年, 影响了美国三个州: 密苏里州、伊利诺伊州和印第安纳州。

第15讲 │ 句型透视
【句式点拨】 这两个句子都是现在分词作结果状语,表示意料之中的结果, 起补充说明的作用。而不定式作结果状语则表示意料之外的结 果。

第15讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) He dropped the plate, _________ breaking it into a hundred pieces. 他把盘子掉地上了, 摔成了碎片。 only to be told that (2) He got well prepared for the interview, _____________ the interview was cancelled. 他精心为面试做好了准备, 结果却被告知, 面试取消了。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 uined the books in the library. 1.The fire r________ 2.There is a possibility ________ (可能性) of rain tonight. 3.An earthquake sometimes causes great d________. amage ctivein many things. 4.She’s over 80, but is still very a_____ 5.It’s known that smoking can c_____ ause lung cancer.

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 in all, set fire to, by the time, pick up, on average the time you arrive, I will have left. 1. By __________ On average , I spend two hours doing my homework every 2. __________ day. 3.Sorry, I have to go to _______ pick upmy son from school. in all ? 4.How much money does he owe you ______ set fire to the building? 5.Have the police found out who ________

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 天津卷] It rained heavily in the south,________ serious flooding in several provinces. A. caused B. having caused C. causing D. to cause 【解析】 C 现在分词作状语,起补充说明的作用。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 天津卷] Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion, and ________ as a manager. A. ended up B. dropped out C. came back D. started off 【解析】 A 考查动词短语。end up= as a result=it turns out to be 结果是,以……为结局。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2011· 安徽卷] ________ , I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A. Hopefully B.Normally C. Thankfully D.Conveniently 【解析】 C 考查副词。hopefully怀有希望地;normally通 常地;thankfully感激地,感谢地;conveniently方便地。句 意:谢天谢地我最终成功地完成了比赛,所受的痛苦都是 值得的。根据句意,C为正确答案。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Encourage your children to try new things, but try not to ________ them too hard. A.draw B.strike C.rush D.push 【解析】 D 考查动词辨析。句意:鼓励你的孩子去尝试 新事物,但不要把他们逼得太紧了。push 推,挤,逼迫; strike 打,罢工,划燃;rush 冲进,匆促行事,催;draw 拉,拖,挨近,提取,画,绘制。根据句意,应选D。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.By the time he realizes he ________ into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it. A.walks B.walked C.has walked D.had walked 【解析】 C 考查时态。句意:等到他意识到他已经掉进 了一个陷阱的时候,对他来说做什么补救措施都为时已 晚。在表时间、条件、让步的状语从句中,现在完成时可 用来表示将来某时以前已完成的动作。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.I got caught in the rain and my suit ________ . A.has ruined B.had ruined C.has been ruined D.had been ruined 【解析】 C 考查动词的时态和语态。很显然,主语my suit和谓语动词ruin之间是被动关系,但had been ruined又 不符合时间关系,所以只有选C。当然此题如果用was ruined, 也是可以的。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Some of these books are ________ . Please put them in right order. A.out of order B.out of place C.out of control D.out of the question 【解析】 B out of place (=in the wrong place or at the wrong time; not suitable; improper)(作表语用)在错误的位 置;不适宜, 不得体。句意:有些书位置不对, 请把它们 按顺序放好。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.It ________ that she was out when we called. A.struck B.came about C.occurred D.happened 【解析】 D It happens that…碰巧发生某事。句意:我们 打电话时她碰巧出去了。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.The flood this summer caused serious ________ to the crops in Northeast China. A.damage B.harm C.hurt D.injury 【解析】 A damage意为“损坏,毁坏”;harm指精神上 或物质上的危害;hurt多指精神或感情方面的伤害; injury 着重指偶然事故对人的“损害”。damage符合句意。

第15讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.He felt rather ________ as he was the only person who wore sportswear at the dinner party. A.in place B.in the way C.by the way D.out of place 【解析】 D out of place的意思是“位置不当,不得体, 不适当”。in place 在适当的位置,适当;in the way以某 种方式;by the way顺便。由句意可知应选D。

第16讲

Module 4

Sandstorms

第16讲 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia

第16讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. ___________ ________ adj. 害怕的→ frightening adj.吓人的, 可怕的→ frightened ________ frighten vt. 使害怕→fright n. 惊吓 2. ________ ________ v. 加强→ strength n.力气, 力量; 长处→ strengthen strong adj. 强壮的 environment n. 环境, 围绕, 外界→environmental adj.环 3. ___________ 境的; 有关环境的 4.pollute v.污染→ ________ pollution n. 污 polluted adj.受污染的→ ________ 染

第16讲 │ 基础梳理
5.major adj.主要的, 较大的→ ________ majority n.大多数 6. concerned ________ adj.关心的, 担心的 →concern n. 关心, 担心 7. _______ urgent adj. 急迫的, 紧急的→urgency n. 紧急;紧急的事 8.complain v. 抱怨, 投诉 → ___________ complaint n. 抱怨, 投诉 absolutely adv. 绝对地, 完全地→absolute adj. 绝对的, 9. __________ 完全的 10.protection n. 保护→ ________ protect v. 保护, 防护

第16讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.受困于, 遭遇 2.砍倒 3.作为……的结果;由于 4.建议某人做某事 5.阻止某人做某事 6.接受;理解;吸收 7.分发;发出;用完;耗尽 8.忍不住做某事 9.简言之;概括地讲 10.改善环境

be caught in cut down as a result of advise sb. to do prevent/stop sb. (from) doing sth. take in give out help but do/can’t but do nutshell/in short improve the environment

第16讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.They are often ___________ so thick that you cannot see the sun, and the wind is sometimes _______________ strong enough to move sand dunes. 他们常常很浓, 以至于连太阳都看不见, 而且风力有时强 到可以移动沙丘。 2.Sandstorms in China appear _________________ to have increased in recent years as a result of “desertification”.由于“沙漠化”越发 严重, 中国近年来发生沙尘暴的次数明显增加了。

第16讲 │ 基础梳理
3.The storm sometimes continues all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust ___________________. makes it difficult to see 沙尘暴有时会持续一天, 车辆移动得很慢, 因为厚厚的沙 尘使道路难以看清。 To prevent the desert coming 4. ____________________________nearer, the government is planting trees. 为了防止沙漠离得更近, 政府正在植树。 5.I can’t help but ______________. feel concerned 我忍不住感到担心。

第16讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 The different types of infinitive; Expressions with but + infinitive

第16讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 strength n. [U]力量;力气[C, U]优点; 长处 (1) strong adj. 强壮的;坚强的;浓的 strengthen vt. 加强, 巩固 (2) with all one’s strength 用上全身的力气 【易混辨析】 power, force, energy和strength (1) power指“动力, 权力, 能力”, 用途最广;用于各种身 心的、潜在的、外显的力, 还可指电力。如:

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
power cut/failure 停电 in power 在执政 be in/within/beyond one’s power (to do sth.) (没)有能力( 做某事) (2) force指“力, 暴力, 武力”, 表示“力量”时, 指人或 物撞击时所用的力, 其复数形式常指“兵力, 军队”。 如: the force of the explosion 爆炸力 peacekeeping forces 维持和平部队

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) energy 依照其物理学定义讲是“能, 能量”, 另外还可指 “精力, 活力, 干劲”。如: nuclear energy 核能 full of energy 精力充沛 devote all one’s energies to (doing) sth.全力以赴做某事 (4) strength指“力气, 力量, 体力”, 是在身体组织内存在 的力量。还可以指优点、长处。如: build up one’s strength 增强体力 one’s strengths and weaknesses 某人的长处和缺点

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) It is beyond my ______ power to help you. 我没有能力帮助你。 energyto deal with it right now. (2) I don’t have the ______ 我现在没有精力处理这件事情。 (3) The soldiers took the prisoners away by _____. force 士兵们强行把犯人带走了。 (4) He hasn’t got enough _______ strengthto remove that stone. 他没 有足够的力气搬走那块石头。

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
2 concerned adj. 关心的;担心的;与……有关的 (1) concern n. 关心;忧虑 v. 与……有关, 涉及;使忧虑, 使担心 (2) be concerned about/for 担心…… all people concerned 所有有关人员 be concerned in 与 ……有牵连 as far as…is concerned 就……而言;依……看来 【经典句式】 be concerned that …担心…… It concerns me that ………让我担心。 What concerns me is …让我担心的是……

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 concerned that he won’t get his money back. (1)He is _________________ 他担心要不回自己的钱。 are all concerned for/about her safety. (2)We ________________________ 我们都很担心她的安危。 (3) As ____________________ , the whole idea is crazy. far as I am concerned 在我看来, 整个想法都很荒唐。

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 单项填空 _______ is our lack of preparation for the change. A.It concerns me B.What concerns me C.I am concerned that D.I am concerned about 【解析】 B 语意:让我担心的是,我们对事态的发展缺 乏准备。B项为what引导的主语从句,与后面的系表结构 形成完整的句子。如果用A,后面要跟that引导的从句。C 项后面也是要用that引导的从句。因为is后面是一个名词词 组,因此若要用D则要去掉is。

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
3 complain v. 抱怨, 发牢骚;投诉 (1)complaint n. 抱怨;诉苦;投诉;控告 (2)complain that… 抱怨…… complain about/of 抱怨……;诉说…… complain to sb. 向某人抱怨 make a complaint 抱怨;投诉

第16讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) You have nothing ___________________ , do you? to complain about/of 你没什么可抱怨, 不是吗? (2) The roadwork caused much complaint ____________ among local residents. 道路工程引起周围居民很多怨言。

第16讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 be/get caught in (to be in a situation that you cannot easily get out of or in which you do not have something you need) 被困于, 遭遇

第16讲 │ 短语储存
with sb. (1) catch up ____ catch (sb.) up catch sb. doing of (2) catch hold __ catch sight of (3) catch a train/bus catch fire catch one’s eye/attention (not)catch what one says
赶上, 追上某人 赶上, 追上(某人) 撞见某人在做某事 抓住 突然看见 赶上火车/汽车 着火 吸引某人的注意 (没)听懂/听清某人的话

第16讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) We ____________ got caught in a rainstorm on the way here. 我们到这儿来的路上遇到了暴风雨。 catch up (2) If you miss a lot of classes, it’s very difficult to ________. 如果你落下了很多节课, 要赶上是很难的。 catching up with us. (3) Drive faster—they’re _______________ 开得再快点——他们要赶上我们了。 (4) He __________________ was caught smoking in the classroom. 他被撞见在教室里抽烟。 (5) Sorry, I ____________ didn’t catch what you said. 对不起, 我没听清你的话。

第16讲 │ 短语储存
2 cut down 削减(cut sth. down/cut down on sth.); 砍倒 cut in (on sb.) 插嘴; 插入 off cut ___ 切掉;切断……的供应;隔绝 cut up 切碎

第16讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) He tried to ___________on smoking but failed. cut down 他试图少抽烟, 但没成功。 (2) The gas had ______________. been cut off As a result, we had to eat out. 煤气供应被切断了, 因此我们不得不出去吃。 (3) It is impolite for children to _______when their seniors are cut in talking. 孩子们在他们的长辈谈话时插嘴是不礼貌的。 is often cut off (4) In winter, the town ______________by snow. 冬天, 这个小镇经常因为大雪与外界隔绝。

第16讲 │ 短语储存
3 give out (to give something to each person in a group)分 发(= hand out);(to announce sth., especially officially)发 布, 公布(消息等);(to produce sth. such as light, heat, or a signal)发出(光、声音等);用完, 耗尽 away give ______ 泄露;赠送;颁发 give back 归还;送回 give in (to) 认输, 投降, 屈服;交上, 呈上 give off 发出(光、声音等);散发出(气味) up give __ 放弃;停止;抛弃

第16讲 │ 短语储存
【情景记忆】

第16讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境用give的短语填空 (1) He has _______ given in to my views. (2) If plastic and rubber are burnt, they’llgive ______ off poisonous gases. give away (3) Don’t _________the secret. gave out (4) After a month their food supplies _______. given out in a radio (5) The news of the President’s deathwas ___________ broadcast.

第16讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
Sandstorms in China appear to have increased in recent years as a result of “desertification”. 由于“荒漠化” 越发严重, 中国近年来发生沙尘暴的次数明显增加了。 【句式点拨】 to have increased是不定式的完成时,作appear的宾语。 不定式的三种时态形式: to do没有明显的时间意义或在谓语动作之后表将来的动作。 to be doing表示正在发生的动作或与谓语动词同时发生。 to have done表示动作发生在主句谓语动词之前。

第16讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 happened to be writing a letter when I passed by. (1) She _____________________ 我路过时她碰巧正在写信。 appears/seems to havea lot of money. (2) She ___________________ 她好像有很多钱。 (3) I’m sorry to _____________________ have kept you waiting so long. 很抱歉让你久等了。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 orecast/forecasted that it will be 1.The weatherman has f_________________ foggy tomorrow. 2.She was a bit f__________at the sight of a snake. rightened 3.When c________ ycling to school yesterday, he was knocked down by a car.

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.“You are a ________ right” means “You are completely bsolutely right”. 5.One m _____ ajor environmental problem is cars, because they pollute the air with carbon dioxide.

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 prevent…from, in a nutshell, give out, can’t help but, take in 1. In ____________ a nutshell , the customers insisted they get their money back. from being carried out? 2.What prevented ________ their plans _____ 3.I want to go out to take _____ in some fresh air. 4.Make sure all the papers ____________ are given out to the students before 9 o’clock. help butwonder if there 5.Looking at the night sky, one can’t ___________ are other forms of intelligence out there.

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Has Games arrived? —Not yet. He might be ________ in a traffic jam. A.sticking B.caught C.trapping D.held 【解析】 B be caught in受困于,遭遇;A、C项正确的表 达是be stuck/trapped in。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has _______ ? A.given out B.put out C.held up D.used up 【解析】 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:当世界上所有石 油用光之后我们该使用什么能源?give out=run out,意为 “用完,用光”,不能用于被动句式;put out意为“扑 灭”;hold up 意为“举起,使……停顿”;use up意为 “用光”,在本题应使用被动形式。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.Mary didn’t ________ what I read because her mind was on something else. A.hold on B.catch on C.take in D.get over 【解析】 C take in(=understand)理解。hold on(打电话 时)不要挂断;catch on明白(作不及物动词用);get over克 服。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Our English teacher is ill, and we are all ________ her health. A.concerned about B.careful about C.grateful for D.anxious of 【解析】 A 考查短语辨析。句意:我们英语老师病了, 我们很关心她的健康。be concerned about意为“关心,挂 念”,符合题意。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.He seemed ________ the news, for there was not any surprise on his face when I told him about it. A.to learn B.to have learned C.to be learning D.students 【解析】 B 考查不定式。根据语境可知,他好像已经知 道那个消息了,因此要用不定式的完成时。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.To make the students perform well, the teacher first of all has to know their ________ and weaknesses. A.strong B.strengths C.strength D.stronger 【解析】 B 此题的关键是weaknesses。与weaknesses相 对,此处应选strengths。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.When I was very young, I was terribly ________ of school, but I soon ________ it. A.frightening; got off B.frightened; got across C.frightening; got away D.frightened; got over 【解析】 D 考查ed形式和ing形式的形容词用法和短语 的辨析。be frightened of 害怕;get over克服,摆脱(某种 情绪)。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.During the opening ceremony, “Miss Smile” has won the hearts of Chinese Internet users after being caught ________ the same smile for nearly 20 minutes. A.fixed B.to be fixed C.to fix D.fixing 【解析】 D 选项作主语补足语,与主语Miss Smile有逻辑 上的主谓关系,所以用现在分词。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.—Do you let your kids travel alone at night? — ________ They are still young. A.Absolutely not! B.It depends. C.Why not? D.It is up to them. 【解析】 A 根据语境可知,说话者认为孩子们还小,不 让他们晚上独自外出。因此选A。

第16讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.Another problem is that while smarter child can ________ information more exactly and faster than any human, he lacks common sense. A.invent B.create C.process D.produce 【解析】 C 考查动词辨析。句意:另一个问题是虽然较 聪明的儿童能够更准确、更快地加工信息,但是他缺少常 识。 invent 发明; create 创造; process 加工;produce生 产。

阅读写作(八) 应用文写作之通知

阅读写作(八)[应用文写作之通 知]

阅读写作(八) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
通知(notice)是上级对下级、组织对成员布置工作、传达 情况或告诉公众某种事情等时使用的一种应用文体,通常分为 口头通知和书面通知两种。

阅读写作(八) │ 写作点拨
1.口头通知是面对面地把信息传达给对方。这种通知开 头应有称呼语,正式场合用Ladies and gentlemen(女士们、先 生们), 有时也可以用Boys and girls或Comrades and friends(同 志们、朋友们)等。开头还常有提醒听众注意的开场白, 如 Attention, please.或May I have your attention, please?或I have an announcement to make.等;结尾常说That' all. Thank you. 或Thank you for listening.等, 以示礼貌。口头通知无需说明 发布通知的日期和发布通知的人(单位)。

阅读写作(八) │ 写作点拨
2.写书面通知时,应明确写出发出通知的单位和日期。 一般情况下,书面通知的首行中央写上Notice。通知的发布单 位常写在正文结束的右下角,也可以写在Notice 的上方或前 面,发布通知的日期一般写在正文的左下角(在落款的下一行) 或写在通知正文的右上角(在Notice的下一行)。口头通知和书 面通知都是宣布即将发生的事情及其具体内容,因而多用将来 时,一般用祈使句来强调。通知的语言要简洁明了,条理清 晰,准确无误,特别是时间概念很重要,必须写得十分明确, 不容丝毫含糊。

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.段首常用语: (1) May I have/call your attention, please? (2) Attention, please, everybody! (3) I have an announcement to make. (4) I have something to tell you.

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
2.段中常用语: (1) There will be a talk this afternoon. (2) The Student Union has decided that… (3) We shall have a lecture on… (4) It has been decided that we'll pay a visit to… 3.段尾常用语: (1) Please be there on time and don't be late. (2) I hope you can have a good time. (3) That's all. Thank you.

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
4.书面通知格式模板: In order to ________, ________ is to be held on ________ (day), ________ (date), at ________ (time) in ________ (place). Whoever is interested in it is welcome to attend ________. Those who want to take part in ________ please sign up at the Student Union. Please remember: ________.

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
5.口头通知格式模板: Ladies and gentlemen, Your attention,please. I have something to tell you. 具体内容: ______________________________________________________ Please remember: Time: ________ Place: ________ Thank you for listening.

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 你校学生会将召开选举新主席的大会。假如你是留学生班 班长李华,请你用英语在班里宣布一个口头通知,要点如下: 1.时间:下周五下午3:00—5:00; 地点:图书馆三楼讲座厅; 2.参选的同学先作自我介绍和五分钟演讲,最后进行投 票; 3.希望全体同学参加,不要迟到或缺席; 4.报名的同学要准备一份自我简介和简短演讲稿。 注意:词数100左右;开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词 数。

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
参考词汇:学生会:the Student Union 报名: enter for 选举: elect 投票: vote Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. __________________________________________________ That's all. Thank you!

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. Next Friday afternoon, from 3:00 to 5:00 pm, in the lecture hall on the third floor of the school library, the Student Union will hold a meeting to elect a new chairman. First, all the students who want to enter for the election will give a self- introduction, followed by a five-minute speech. And finally, the voting will be carried out.

阅读写作(八) │ 词句模板
Everybody is required to attend the meeting. Be sure not to be late or absent. By the way, remember to prepare an introduction of yourself as well as a short speech if you want to have a go. That's all. Thank you!

第17讲

Module 5

Great People

第17讲 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China

第17讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
随着电脑普及率的提高,老师、家长和学生对字迹的重 视程度降低了。据一项调查显示,有85.8%的中学生说自己的 字迹不好看,而他们又不想改善字迹,其理由有很大差别。请 根据下图写一篇100—120词的英文短文,说明该现象并发表自 己的看法。

第17讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Nowadays, with the growing popularity of computers, teachers, students and their parents are paying less and less attention to handwriting. According to a recent survey, about 85.8 percent of middle school students think that their handwriting is poor. Yet for various reasons, many students don't want to improve their handwriting. 51.5 percent of the students think that they can just use a computer, so there is no need to waste time improving

their handwriting, and 32.3 percent believe that they are so busy

第17讲 │ 美文欣赏
with the study that they do not have time to practise. 10.9percent
think that practising handwriting is useless. As the saying goes, writing style shows the man. Beautiful and neat handwriting is beneficial, especially for middle school students. Therefore, in my opinion, more emphasis should be placed on this aspect in future.

第17讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ① 行文逻辑:引出主题→分析图表→阐述观点。较好地 使用了连接词语,如:yet,so,and,therefore,in my opinion等。 ② 词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:paying less and less attention to,according to,various,beneficial等。

第17讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了较多的句式和句法结构。如:that引 导的宾语从句,so…that引导的结果状语从句:32.3 percent believe that they are so busy with the study that they do not have time to practise;as引导非限制性定语从句:As the saying goes;含有情态动词的被动语态:more emphasis should be placed…;there be句型:…there is no need to waste time improving their handwriting等。

第17讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 equally adv. 同样地, 1.equal v. 等于adj. 相等的, 平等的→ _______ 相等地→ ________ n.平等, 同等 equality 2. importance __________ n.重要, 重要性 → important adj. 重要的 3.stress n. 压力v.重读, 强调 → ________ stressful adj. 紧张的 → ________ stressed adv.感到压力的 4. ________ resign v. 辞职→ resignation n. 辞职; 辞呈 5. influential ________ adj. 有影响的 → influence n.&v. 影响

第17讲 │ 基础梳理
6. _______ honesty n.诚实→ honest adj.诚实的 → ________ honestly adv. 诚 实地 7. _______ justice n. 正义, 公正→ just adv.正好;刚才 adj.正义的 8. ___________ contribution n.贡献, 捐助→contribute v. 捐赠, 作出贡 献 9.invent vt.发明;虚构, 编造→ __________ invention n. 发明→ ________ inventor n. 发明家 10. __________ argument n. 争论, 辩论→ argue v. 辩论;主张

第17讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.相信;信任 2.养育; 提出 3.采纳建议 4.在一些方面 5.责任感 6.对……感到自豪 7.总之 8.生平第一次 9.如果是这样的话 10.起初, 一开始

believe in bring up follow/take one’s advice in some ways a sense of responsibility be proud of in conclusion for the first time ever if so at first

第17讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.But it was also __________ a time whenthere were many great philosophers. 但是这也是一个有很多伟大的哲学家的时 代。 whose teachings were very 2.Mencius was a thinker ______ _____________ similar to those of Confucius. 孟子是一位思想家,他的学说与孔子的相似。 3.For many years he traveled _________________________ from state to state, teaching the principles of Confucius. 很多年他游走于各个国家传授孔子的理念。

第17讲 │ 基础梳理
the reason why man is different from 4.Mencius believed that ______________ animals ______ is that man is good. 孟子认为人不同于动物的原因是人是善良的。 5.Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, no faster than and were ____________ a horse. 汽车首次在19世纪末开始使用, 跑得和马一样慢。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Defining attributive clauses: of whom/in which

第17讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 equal adj. (the same in size, number, amount, value etc. as sth. else)相等的;同样的 n. 相等的人或物 vt. 等于;比 得上 (1) equally adv. 同样地;相等地 equality n. 相等;平等;同等 to (2) be equal __ 和……相等;能胜任 of equal size/length/importance 大小/长度相同/同样重要

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The rent was _______ equal to half his monthly income. 租金相当于他的月收入的一半。 important/of equal (2) Diet and exercise are equally ______________________________. importance ___________ 饮食和锻炼同样重要。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
2 order n. 秩序;顺序;订购;订单;(点的)饭菜;命令vt. 命令;[request sb. to supply or make (goods, etc.)]订购; (request sb. to bring food, drink, etc. in a hotel, restaurant, etc.) 点菜/饮料等

第17讲 │ 单词点睛

(1) disorder n. 混乱, 紊乱, 无秩序 (2) in order 有秩序;有条理 out of order 紊乱;出故障 in order to do/in order that 以便;为了 place an order for 订购 take one’s order 记下某人的订单 keep order 维持秩序 (3) order sb. to do 命令/吩咐某人做某事 order that… 命令……(从句用should+动词原形, should 可以省略)

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 out of order (1) The phone is ___________. 电话坏了。 haven’t ordered yet. (2) We ______________ 我们还没点菜。 (3) He lit a cigarette _________________ in order to/so as to calm his mind. 他点燃一支香烟, 稳定一下情绪。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 单项填空 —Shall I take your ________ , sir? —Well, we need to look at the menu for a while. A.service B.food C.order D.request 【解析】 C 根据第二个人说“需要看一会菜单”可知第 一句话是服务员询问顾客是否点菜。take one’s order是指 “记下某人的订单”,即“点菜”。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
3 stress n. 压力;强调;重音vt. 强调;重读 (1) stressful adj. 压力重的;紧张的 stressed adj. 焦虑不安的; 紧张的 (2) lay/place/put stress on sth. 强调 be under stress 在压力下 relieve/reduce stress 减少压力 suffer from stress 遭受压力 (3) be stressed out 焦虑不安的 stress the importance of 强调……的重要性

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 stressed (焦虑不安的) since he started this (1) Robert looks so ________ new job. a lot of stresssince her mother’s illness. (2) Jane’s been under ________________ 简自从妈妈生病以来一直压力很大。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
4 invent vt. 发明;创造;编造;想出 invention n. 发明;创造 inventor n. 发明者;创造者 【易混辨析】 invent, discover, find和find out (1) invent 指发明出原来不存在的东西。 (2) discover 指发现早已存在的但不为人所知的东西。 (3) find意为“找到, 发现”, 通常指找到或发现具体的东 西, 也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况, 强调的是找的结 果。 (4) find out 指通过观察、探索而发现事实的真相, 意为“查 明, 弄清楚”。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用invent, discover或find out的适当形式填空 invented the ballpoint pen. (1)Laszlo Biro _________ (2)Columbus is said to ______________ have discovered America in 1492. find out (3)Can you ________what time the meeting will start? (4)You are always inventing ________ excuses.

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
5 condition n. 状况;(thing needed to make sth. else possible; thing on which another thing depends)条件; (circumstances ) 环境, 条件 on this/that condition 在这个/那个条件下 on no condition 无论如何都不;绝不 on condition that 条件是 【易混辨析】 state, situation, condition和position (1) state 表示某事物所显示出的具体状况或状态, 是可数名 词。如: Water exists in three states. 水有三种形态。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) situation表示国家、集体或个人所处的综合的“形势, 情 况, 处境”。如: international situation 国际形势 in the present situation 在目前形势下 (3) condition 表示要做某事需满足的“条件”;某人、某物所 处的“(健康)状况”(不可数名词, 但有时也加a);表示工 作、学习等的“环境, 条件”时多用复数。如: poor working conditions 恶劣的工作环境 meet/satisfy a condition 满足条件

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
He’s in excellent condition for a man of his age. 他就其年龄而言, 身体极好。 (4) position指“位置, 职位”。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) _______________are you allowed to do that. On no condition 无论如何也不允许你那样做。 on condition thatyou lend me your (2) I’ll let you borrow it _______________ bicycle in return. 我借给你也行, 但有个条件, 你得把你的自行车借给我。 (3) People are looking forward to improving their living ____________. conditions 人们期待着改善生活条件。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) Children must be taught to deal with dangerous _______ . situations 必须教会孩子们处理危险的情况。 state . (5) Ice is water in a solid _____ 冰是水的固体状态。

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
6 contribution n. 贡献;促成作用;捐款;捐献物;投稿 (1)contribute v. 捐款;贡献;有助于;投稿 (2)make a contribution to 对……作贡献 contribute (sth.) to 对……捐献, 向……投稿 contribute to 有助于, 促成

第17讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 make contributions to (1) Everyone should __________________ our society. 人人都应该为社会作贡献。 contribute to (2) The government encouraged everyone to ____________ those suffering from disaster. 政府鼓励每个人向受灾的人们捐助。 (3) Does smoking ____________ contribute to lung cancer? 吸烟会导致肺癌吗?

第17讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
bring up (raise or educate sb.)教育, 养育;(to mention a subject or start to talk about it) 提出;呕吐 bring down 使下降 bring __ 引入;提出;获利 in bring _____ 引起, 导致, 造成 about bring along 带来 bring out 使显示;出版;生产

第17讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用bring相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) Her parents died when she was a baby and she was __________by brought up her aunt. bring aboutchanges in the (2) Scientists say that many factors __________ weather. (3) The store has agreed to __________ bring down the price of the computer. (4) The sale of the house only __________ brought in about 45, 000. (5) New personal computers are __________ brought outalmost daily.

第17讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 Mencius was a thinker whose teachings were very similar to those of Confucius. 孟子是一位思想家, 他的学说与孔子的学说极为相似。 【句式点拨】 在表示比较的句型中, those可用来替代前文中的复数名 词。若前文名词为不可数名词或单数名词, 则用that。

第17讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 用that或those填空 that in (1) The weather in Beijing is much colder than ____ Shanghai. those in your (2) The students in our class are much older than _____ class.

第17讲 │ 句型透视
2 Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were no faster than a horse. 汽车首次 在19世纪末开 始使用, 跑得和马一样慢。 【句式点拨】 no +比较级+than 表示“两者都不”;not+ 比较级+than 表示“前者不如后者”。如: He is no more careful than you. = He is as careless as you. 他和你一样粗心。 He is not more careful than you. 他没有你那么细心。

第17讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 Not all bamboo grows tall. The shortest grows _________ your ankles. A.higher than B.as high as C.no higher than D.less higher than 【解析】 C no higher than= as short as,正符合语境。句 意:并非所有的竹子都长得很高,最矮的竹子长得只有你脚踝 那么高。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 quality of opportunity. 1.I do believe in e _______ honest (诚实 2.It was commonly believed that he was an _______ 的)man. 3.The i nvention _______ of the computer marked the beginning of a new era. 4.Don’t a _______ with me; my decision is final. rgue 5.Beethoven was an _________( influential 有影响力的) figure in the history of music.

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 bring up, believe in, at first, in some ways, in conclusion in some waysbut not in others. 1.The changes are beneficial ___________ be brought up 2.Your suggestion will ____________ at the next meeting. 3. _____________ In conclusion , I’d like to say how much I’ve enjoyed staying here. 4.He is one of my best friends. I _________ believe in him. 5. _________ At first , I don’t like him, but later we became good friends.

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1. [2010· 辽宁卷] I agree to his suggestion _______ the condition that he drops all charges. A. by B. in C. on D. to 【解析】 C on the condition that相当于一个连词,引导 条件状语从句,意思是“条件是,以……为条件”。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 全国卷Ⅱ] The island is ________ attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. A. partly B. merely C. nearly D. equally 【解析】 D 考查副词词义辨析。partly部分地;merely仅 仅;nearly几乎;equally同样地。句意:这个岛屿因春秋两 季气候宜人,因此同样迷人。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.From their _________ on the top of the TV Tower, visitors can have a better view of the city. A.stage B.position C.condition D.situation 【解析】 B 考查名词词义辨析。stage 舞台,时期,阶 段;position 位置;condition 条件,情况;situation 形 势,情况,情景。根据空前的物主代词their可以推断出此 处选B。句意:从电视塔顶部的位置,游客们可以更好地 观赏这个城市的景色。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son’s illness had put him under great ________ . A.emotion B.excitement C.crisis D.stress 【解析】 D 考查名词辨析。 put sb. under (great) stress 使某人处境(非常)紧张,使某人受(很大)压力。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.Every year the CCTV chooses ten ________ figures among the ordinary people, whose deeds can move China. A.historical B.luckiest C.most influential D.more enthusiastic 【解析】 C 考查形容词辨析。句意:每年中央电视台都 要在普通人中评选10位最有影响的人物,他们的事迹能够 感动中国。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.—Why did you ________ ? —I was offered a better position at IBM. A.react B.retire C.resign D.remove 【解析】 C 考查动词辨析。react反应;retire退休; resign辞职;remove除掉,移动。由答语可知是“辞 职”。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.[2011· 湖北卷] The government has taken measures to________the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable. A. take down B. bring down C. hand down D. tear down 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。bring down使降低,使 下降;take down记下,写下;hand down传下来;tear down扯下,拆毁,拆除。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.People in this village will remember his contributions ________ defending the village. A.on B.in C.to D.about 【解析】 C 献。 考查介词搭配。contribution to…对……的贡

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.She is ________ careful than her brother. They can’t do the work that needs carefulness. A.not more B.no more C.not less D.no less 【解析】 B 考查比较级。根据语境可知,两人都不够细 心,因此选B,表示“两者都不”。

第17讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.The research has caused a lot of ________ . Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it. A.quarrels B.fightings C.statement D.argument 【解析】 D 考查名词辨析。由后句可知这项研究引起争 论。quarrel争吵;fighting战斗;statement 陈述,声明; argument争论,辩论。

第18讲

Module 6

Old and New

第18讲 Module 2 New

Old and

第18讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.accommodate v. 提供住处;容纳;适应 → _____________ accommodation n. 住宿, 住所;适应 2. construction _____________ n. 建设 → construct v. 建设 3.historical adj. 历史的, 有关历史的→ ________ historic adj. 有历史 意义的 → ________ history n. 历史 narrowly adv. 4.narrow adj. 狭窄的, 狭隘的 v. (使)变窄→ ________ 狭隘地, 勉强地 5. ________ global adj. 全球的 → globe n. 全球, 地球

第18讲 │ 基础梳理
observe v. 观察 → observation n. 6.observatory n. 观察台 → ________ 观察 7. foggy _____ adj. 有雾的 → fog n. 雾 remove v. 迁移;除去, 拿走→ removal n.除去, 消 8. ________ 除;移动, 搬迁

第18讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.起源于 2.非常重要 3.渴望;梦想 4.阻止;退缩 5.变为现实;实现 6.为……提供 7.把……用于(做)某事 8.结束;终止 9.讲得通;有意义 10.飞越……上空

date back to/date from of great importance dream of hold back come true provide…for use… for (doing) sth. bring an end to make sense fly over

第18讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Mao Zedong wrote a poem ____________________ in which he dreamed of“walls of stone to hold ________ back clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”. 毛泽东写过一首词, 在这首词中, 他 表达了“更立西江石壁, 截断巫山云雨, 高峡出平湖”的 理想。 2.The dam will generate electricity ________ equal to about 40 million tons of coal without ______________ causing so much air pollution. 大坝将要产生相当于燃烧4000万吨煤所产生的电量, 但是 却不会造成那么严重的空气污染。

第18讲 │ 基础梳理
3.Lighting ______ strikes the Empire State Building about ______________. 500 times a year 闪电一年大约袭击帝国大厦500次。

第18讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Nondefining attributive clauses; Contraction of attributive clauses

第18讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 date n.日期;时期;约会 vt.注明日期;约会 (1) out of date 过时的;废弃的 up to date 现代的;时新的 to date 到目前为止 (2) date back to/from 追溯到;始于 【温馨提示】 date back to和date from作谓语时无被动语态, 而且往往用 于一般现在时。

第18讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 date from/date back to the 13th century. The church can ____________________ 这座教堂的历史可以追溯到13世纪。

第18讲 │ 单词点睛
2 accommodate v. (to provide sb. with a room or place to sleep or live)提供住处;(to have enough space for)容纳;(to get used to a new situation or to make yourself do this) 适应 (1) accommodation n. 住处, 适应 (2) accommodate sb. for the night 留某人过夜 accommodate (oneself) to doing/sth. (使自己)适应……

第18讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He soon _______________ accommodated tothe new environment. 他很快适应了新环境。 can the hall accommodate (2) How many people ______________________ ? 大厅能容纳多少人?

第18讲 │ 单词点睛
3 remove v. (take away from one place to another, get rid of)移开, 去掉, 清除;开除;迁移 【易混辨析】 remove 和move remove和 move都表示“移动”。区别是:move强调位置和姿 态的改变;remove则指“拿走, 撤走, 去除(take away from/get rid of)”等义, 强调完全放弃原来的地方而达到新的 位置。表示“迁居”时, 二者均可。如: Who moved my cheese? 谁动了我的奶酪? Please remove the dishes (from the table). 请把碗碟(从餐桌上)拿走。

第18讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用move或remove的适当形式填空 removed (1)The danger was suddenly ________. remove the dirty marks on the wall. (2)He tried to _______ move your chair closer to me. (3)Please______

第18讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 make sense (have an understandable meaning, be sensible)有意义;有道理 make sense of 了解……的意义;懂得 in a/some sense 在某个意义上 sense of humour/direction/shame/responsibility 幽默感/方向感/羞耻感/责任感 sense sth./that 意识到, 感觉到

第18讲 │ 短语储存
【经典句式】 It makes sense to do sth. 做某事是合情合理的/有道理的。 There is no sense (in) doing sth. 做某事没有意义。

第18讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) ___________________ It makes sense to keep keep cattle on the hillside. 在山坡上养牛是明智之举。 make sense ofthis poem? (2) Can you ____________ 你看得懂这首诗吗? (3) What you say is true _________. in a sense 你的话在某种意义上属实。

第18讲 │ 短语储存
2 hold back 阻挡;抑制, 控制;隐瞒;退缩, 犹豫;阻 碍进步或发展 hold on 不挂断(电话);坚持住 to hold on __ 抓住不放, 留住不卖 hold out 伸出;维持, 坚持 up hold __ 延误;使耽搁(常用于被动语态) get/catch/take hold of 抓住, 握住

第18讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据语境为hold back选择合适的英语释义 a. to make someone or something stop moving forward b. to stop yourself from feeling or showing a particular emotion c. to keep sth. secret d. to be unwilling to do sth. because of fear or being careful or to make sb. unwilling to do sth.

第18讲 │ 短语储存
e. to prevent someone or something from making progress c (1)Tell me all about it—don’t hold anything back! ____ d (2)She wanted to tell him but pride held her back. ____ (3)Anger flooded through her. She couldn’t hold it back. ___ b (4)The dam was not strong enough to hold back the flood a waters. ____ (5)They felt the economy in this country was being held e back by too many government controls. ___

第18讲 │ 短语储存
2.用hold相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) She just managed ___________ to hold back her anger. (2) She _________ held back , not knowing how to break the terrible news. hold out long. (3) Our supplies couldn’t _________ (4) They managed to _________ hold on until help arrived. (5) Our flight ___________ was held up by fog. As a result, I was late for an important meeting.

第18讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
A temple is a place of great importance to Buddhists. 寺庙对于佛教徒来说是一个重要的地方。 【句式点拨】 be + of + value/use/help/difference/importance 等抽象名词, 可用其同根形容词 valuable/useful/helpful/different/important 等替换, 且这些 抽象名词前可用 little, some, any, no, great 等修饰。如:

第18讲 │ 句型透视
These books are of great help to you. =These books are very helpful to you. 这些书对你很有帮助。 【相关拓展】 (1) be + of + color/age/size/shape等普通名词。如: Coins may be of different sizes, weights, shapes and of different metals. 硬币可能大小、重量、形状不同, 所用金属材料不同。 (2) be + of +a(n)/one + 名词, 表示“同一的”。如: They are of a color. 他们的颜色一样。

第18讲 │ 句型透视
(3) be + of +普通名词或物质名词, 表示“由……制成”, “由……组成”。如: The small bridge is of stone. =The small bridge is made of stone. 小桥是由石头做成的。

第18讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) It is ________ of no use to you. =It is_______ useless to you. 这个东西对你没用。 (2) These cars are ____________. of one/a size 这些车大小一样。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 arrowly missed the captain by an 1.Luckily, the bullet n__________ inch. rashed 2.An airplane c_______west of Denver last night. 3.The new school is under __________ construction (建设). 4.He had to r______ emove the door to get the piano in. 5.It’s f_______ reezing outside, so please put on your coat.

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 in particular, dream of, hold back, come true, bring…to an end hold back the wheel of history. 1.No one can __________ in particular its 2.The risk is that Europe will get hit harder, ____________ financial system. 3.I used to ________ dream of becoming an actor, now I have realized I will never. 4.I believe my dream will ________ one day. come true 5.That our father came _______ brought our discussion _________. to an end

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 湖北卷] After the earthquake,the first thing the local government did was to provide ________ for the homeless families. A. accommodation B. occupation C. equipment D. furniture 【解析】 A 考查名词词义辨析。accommodation食宿。 由句意知道,地震后,政府首先要做的事情当然是给无家 可归者提供食宿。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.They’ve won their last three matches, __________ I find a bit surprising actually. A.that B.when C.what D.which 【解析】 D 考查非限定性定语从句。由前面的逗号可以 排除A项;而what同样不能引导非限制性定语从句;从句 中find缺少宾语,从而排除B项。which引导非限制性定语 从句。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.I wish your dream would ________ one day. A.come truly B.come true C.be come true D.came true 【解析】 B考查动词短语的用法。come true意思是“实 现”, 不能用于被动语态,且由would可知应用动词原 形。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Winning the competition ________ her financial problems. A.put on end B.came to an end C.brought an end to D.was an end 【解析】 C 考查动词短语。句意:在比赛中获胜使她的 财政问题迎刃而解。bring an end to sth.意为“使某事/物 结束”,符合句意。而be an end后面不跟宾语;come to an end意为“结束”,是不及物动词短语,不跟宾语;put sth. on end意为“将某物竖起来”,不符合句意。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.What do you advise for ________ ink from my jacket? A.moving B.getting C.bringing D.removing 【解析】 D 句意:你认为我应该采取什么方式清除衣服 上的墨渍?remove = get rid of,意为“除去,清除”,符 合句意。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.Yesterday we visited a temple, ________ the 13th century. A.dating from B.dating back C.dated from D.dates back to 【解析】 A 分析句子结构可知,逗号后面的是非谓语作 定语,先行词temple和date back to/date from是主动关系, 因此用现在分词。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.I ’d ________ that house for the time being; house prices are rising sharply at the moment. A.stick to B.insist on C.hold on to D.apply to 【解析】 C stick to坚持(原则、诺言等);insist on坚持要 求;hold on to抓住不放,留住不卖;apply to向……申请, 应用于。句意:目前我不能出让那所房子, 此刻房价正在 急剧上涨。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.No one can give a speech without an outline, which will give you a good ________ to base your speech on. A.construction B.structure C.building D.form 【解析】 B 考查名词辨析。句意:没有人离开纲要作报 告的,那是演讲的基本结构。表示“结构,构架”应该用 structure。而construction意为“建设,建造”,不符合句 意。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.In my opinion, what he told us just now about the affair simply doesn’t make any ________ . A.idea B.meaning C.sense D.point 【解析】 C 考查固定搭配。make sense是固定搭配,意 为“有道理,有意义”。

第18讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.—How about talking with native speakers if I know little about French? — ________ . You should learn it for several months. A.That’s all right B.It’s out of the question C.It’s up to you D.It makes sense 【解析】 B 考查交际用语。答语句意为:不可能的,你应 该学上几个月时间的法语才可以。故选B,意为“那是不 可能的”。A项意为“可以”,C项意为“由你来定”,D 项意为“那有意义”,都不符合句意。

阅读写作(九) 完形填空技法指导

阅读写作(九)[完形填空技法指 导之词汇复现 ]

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解 重视首句理解
词汇复现包括同词复现、同义词复现、同根词复现、概括 词复现以及结构复现等等。完形填空所选的文章都是具有逻辑 关系、意义相联的语篇,因此,在行文中不可避免地会出现词 语的复现、前后同义或反义,相互照应等现象。所以,解题时 应联系上下文寻找相关线索,如某一个词的原词、指代词、同 义词、近义词、上义词、下义词和概括词等。但由于我们在做 题时不可能总是重复地阅读文章,因此,在做完形填空时要培 养一种捕捉并记忆相关信息的能力。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
一、原词复现 原词复现是指相同的单词在原文中反复出现,达到衔接文 章的目的,我们可以利用这种衔接方法找到要填入的单词在原 文中与之相同的词,也就找到了试题的答案。 例1 The smokers ________ a lot. In fact, the non- smokers who must breathe the air polluted by tobacco smoke may suffer more than the smokers themselves. A.suffer B.Endure C.tolerate D.bear 【点睛】 A 以上两个句子是对应的。第一个句子所缺的 动词可以由第二个句子中的动词,即“suffer”来推测,前后动 词一致,答案应该是A。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
例2 Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The ________ you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually save you money or can add to the cost. A.formal B.way C.method D.fashion 【点睛】 B 空格后面句子的含义是“购买物品或服务的 方式实际上会让你省钱或增加成本”。句中的单词purchasing 是第一句buying 的同义词复现。并且第二句话和第一句话之 间是并列关系,所以答案也在第一句话中,是单词way的原词 复现,因此选B。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
二、同义词或近义词复现 同义词复现是指相同或相近的单词在原文中反复出现,以 达到衔接文章的目的。在做完形填空试题时,就可以利用这种 衔接方式找到要填入单词的同义词或者近义词,也就找到了试 题的答案。这也包括了同源词复现,即相同词根构成的不同词 性的单词在文章中反复出现。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
例3 [2011· 浙江卷] (节选) Although I love my life, it hasn't been a lot of fun as I've been ill for 28 years. Music has always been a great love of mine and, in my 20s, when my ________ was more manageable … A.loneliness B.sadness C.tiredness D.sickness 【点睛】 D 从上文I've been ill可知,“我”得了病,但 “我”20多岁的时候“我”的病(sickness)还是可控的。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
例4 [2011· 山东卷] (改编) I can't recall any of the songs that the band played. I just that I really enjoyed the show and didn't want it to finish. A.realize B.understand C.believe D.remember 【点睛】 D remember与前面的recall呼应。句意为:我 想不起那天晚上乐队演奏的任何一首乐曲,但我只记得我真的 很喜欢那场演出。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
三、反义词复现 反义词复现是指和前文中词义相反的单词在原文中出现, 以达到衔接文章的目的。我们可以利用这一衔接手段在文章中 寻找要填入单词的反义词。 例5 [2011· 福建卷] (改编) Diana quickly realized that making her dream of shop ownership in Canada a ________ meant going to school to get the necessary education and certification. A.reality B.fact C.challenge D.wonder 【点睛】 A 这里指戴安娜意识到使梦想变为现实就意味 着要获得必要的教育和证书。“reality现实”与 “dream梦 想” 对应, 本题要避免误选“fact事实”。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
例6 Forcing yourself to recall (almost) never helps because it doesn't ________ your memory; it only tightens it. A.loosen B.weaken C.decrease D.reduce 【点睛】 A 前后两部分互为诠释,一为肯定,一为否 定,为反义复现。从下文的tighten可以判定,上文应当是选 loosen。 四、结构复现 有时空格处的信息并不局限于与前一句中某个信息点的重 复,可能是与前几句中的某个信息点的重复,也不局限于同词 复现或同义复现,甚至连句式结构都非常类似。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
例7 Many people now think that teachers give pupils too much homework. They say that it is 1 for children to work at home in their free time. 2 , they argue that most teachers do not 3 plan the homework tasks they give to pupils. 1. A.unnecessary B.uninteresting C.unfortunate D.unimportant 2. A .Nevertheless B.However C.Therefore D.Moreover 3. A .considerably B.favorably C.properly D.pleasantly

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
【点睛】 排比结构由Many people now think that…They say that…they argue that…所组成。在意义上表现了人们(学生 家长)对学生课业负担过重的抱怨。该结构中所设置的三个空 格的正确填入,要求考生首先把握结构所体现的“主题”—— 抱怨作业太多。其次,要求考生理解三句之间在表达意义上的 递进关系。即:作业过多“too much homework”;所以,课 余时间学生在家做作业是没必要的“unnecessary”;不仅如 此,教师对作业的设计也不合适“not properly”。故答案分别 为1.A 2.D 3.C。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
【活学活用】 1.There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby's head while he slept or covering him with some of his father's clothes were just two of the recommended ________. A.cases B.tools C.steps D.methods [解析] D 前句说“避免这类事情的发生有许多方法 (ways)”,冒号后的解释,“在小孩睡觉时在其头部上方悬 挂一把刀,或者用其父亲的衣服盖着他,就是其中值得推 荐的两种 ________ ”,承前逻辑,自然是其中的两种“方 法”,与ways同义的是methods,故选D。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
2.Wouldn't it be great if we didn't have to remember passwords ever again? If we could just sit in front of our computers and be automatically logged in? Crave mentions how NEC Soft Biode Logon system uses face recognition technology to log you on to Windows, rather than using a ________. A.face B.Password C.software D.System

[解析] B 前面说了“如果不必再记密码……”对此问题的 回答是“系统是如何用脸部识别技术来帮你登陆,而不是 用 ______ ”。承前逻辑,此处应当是“而不是用密码”, 故选B。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
3.Most people believe they don't have much imagination. They are wrong. Everyone has ________ , but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to make use of it. A.creativity B.memory C.imagination D.limitation [解析] C 前句说:“多数人认为他们自己没有想象力。他 们的这种观点是错误的。”承前逻辑,“(事实上)每个人 都有想象力,但是……”,故选C。

阅读写作(九) │ 重视首句理解
4.Once adults understand what children are communicating through their behavior, they can respond better. When children feel respected and have their needs met, there is no longer a reason to use challenging ________ to communicate. A.action B.language C.gesture D.Behavior [解析] D 前句说,“成年人一旦懂得小孩通过行为要表达 的意思,就会作出更好的应对。”承前逻辑,本句应为 “当孩子感觉得到尊重和需求得到满足时,他们就不再用 挑战性的行为来交流了”。故选D。



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