定语从句 The Attributive Clauses
Translate the following sentences.
1.一条8公里长30米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍， 马路和渠道。 A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wi
de cut across houses, roads and canals. 2. 死伤的人数达到40多万。
The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.
3.接着，那天下午晚些的时候，又一次和第一次 一样强烈的地震震撼这唐山。 Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan.
4.部队组成小组将受困的人挖出来，将死者掩埋。 The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 5. 救援人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所。
Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.
? 在复合句中修 饰名词或代词 的从句叫定语 从句
?The lady is our English teacher. ?She is standing in the front of our classroom.
The lady who is standing in the front of the classroom is our English teacher.
Task 2 Learn about the Attributive Clause
1. The man who ran fastest is Liuxiang.
先行词 关系词 定语从句 主句
He who does not go to the Great Wall is not a true man.
?关系词分为 关系代词：which, who , whom, that, whose 关系副词：where， when， why
（1） which 只能指物，作主语或宾语 (作 宾语可省略) These are the trees _______were planted which last year.
which/省略 This recorder ___________he is using is made in Japan. Is this the library ____________you which/省略 borrow books from?
（2） who只能指人,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可略）
The man_________ who/省略 I talked with is our teacher. A person _____steals who things is called a thief.
（3）whom也只能指人,且只能作宾语 (作宾语 可省略) The man______________ whom/who/省略 I nodded to is Mr. Li.
（4）that 指人/物，作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省略） A plane is a machine. It can fly. A plane is a machine__________ that/which can fly. He is the man. I talked to him just now. He is the man ___________________I that/who/whom/省略 talked to just now.
Which house is mine?
The house _______ whose roof （屋顶）is brown is mine.
Titanic is the ship ___________sank after which/that hitting an iceberg.
Zhang Guorong is a pop star________ who/that died in the fall in March,2003.
host(举办) 2008 Olympic Games
which hosted the 2008 Olympic Games The city______________________________ is Beijing.
Which baby is Jack?
穿着红裤子的baby是Jack。 who is wearing red trousers is Jack. The baby_______________________ whose trousers are red is Jack. The baby ___________________
1. This is the bag _____ my mother bought yesterday. A. that B. who C. whom D. this 2. The man _____ lives next to us is my English teacher. A. whom B. which C. who D. / 3. The girl _____ you saw in the street is Mary. A. that B. whose C. which D. as 4. A child ______parents are dead is called an orphan. A. whose B. who C. whom D. that
Task 2 Learn about the Attributive Clause
关系代词（who, whom, which, that，whose） 指人 指物 Who Whom Which √ 在定语从句中的作用 主语 宾语（可以省略）
√ √ √ √ √
主语 主语 宾语（可以省略） 宾语（可以省略）
定语=sb’s or sth’s
* 先行词前有下列词语修饰时, 定语从 句必须用that引导。 all, every, any, little, few, much, no, only, very, the+序数词, the+形容词最高级 e.g. This is the cleanest park that you can imagine. e.g. This is the only book that has been written in French.
e.g. He talked about the things and persons that he had visited in the city. * 在who或which引导的特殊疑问句中， 限制性定语从句必须用that引导。 e.g. Who is the man that is standing over there.
* 先行词在从句中作表语时, 限制性定 语从句通常用 that 引导。(常可省略) e.g. She is no longer the girl that she was before she went to the country.
Choose the best answers:
1. This is all ____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether 2. Is there anything else _____ you want? A. which B. that C. who D. what 3. The last place _____ we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it
4. Please take the second chair_______ is over there. A. where B. which C. who D. that
5. Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn? A. that B./ C.which D.it 6. Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police. (NMET98’) A. which B. what C. whatever D. that
Fill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that.
1. The man ____ who I saw told me to wait. 2. The man to _____ whomI spoke was a foreigner. 3. I know a boy ______ whose father is an acrobat. (杂技演员) 4. He saw a house whose _____ windows were all broken.
5. All the apples ____ that fall are eaten by wild boars. 6. Can you think of anyone ____ that could look after him? 7. This is the best hotel ____ that I know. 8. He showed a machine whose _____ parts are too small to be seen.
基础练习 1. Is that the house ____ B you bought last year? A. where B. which 2. Is that the picture ___ A you are laughing at? A. which B.where 3. It is the most interesting book ___ B I’ll ever read. A. which B. that
B 4. The street ______ is to the park is very narrow. A. where B. which 5. The person ___ A finds my watch will get a reward. A. who B. when 6. This is the room B __ we listened to the lecture. A. which B. where
7. The boy ___ B mother is ill can not come to the party. A. who B. whose 8. Tell me the reason ___ B you are late. A. which B. why
1. Look at that lady ______ whose name is Pochi.
2. He is a teacher whom/that _________ I like very much. 3. Those pictures _________ which/that were drawn by Tom are nice. 4. Those _____ who will go to the park stay here. 5. That was all the money ______ that I had.
6. Tom is the first boy _____ that left the room. 7. Look at the boy and his dog _____ that are coming this way. 8. You can read any book _____ that I have. 9. That was the year _____ when I went to America. 10. we came to the town, ______ where we stayed for 2 hours.
翻译 1. 他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。 He showed me the place where he lost his wallet. 2. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that you speak to. 3. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary.
4. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends. 5. 你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天? Do you remember the day when we arrived here?
Enjoy a folk from Canada, and then find out lines that include attributive clause .
Red River Valley
① From this valley they say you are going,
② I will miss your sweet face and sweet smile, ③ For I know you are taking the sunshine that has lightened my pathway a while. ④ Come and sit by my side if you love me,
⑤ Do not hasted to bid me adieu（再见）, ⑥ But (just) remember the Red River Valley,
⑦ And the one that (who) has loved you so true.
① You are the girl whose heart is so lily（纯洁的）.
② You are the girl whom we love so really.
③ When you go you will take all the rain that has watered my heart all the nights. ④ I don’t know the reason why you are leaving ⑤ I don’t know the time when you are here.
⑥ I won’t forget the river where you often swim.
⑦ And the valley where you often walk.