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?1. in search of = search sth. = look for sth. =in one’s search for sth. 寻找 ?Search sb./sth. 搜身/搜查某物 ? Search out 找出,查出 ?2. 当定语从句的先行词是the way时, 引导 词可以是in which, that, 或者是省略引导词。 ?e

.g. The room was completed the way (in which/that) she wanted.

?3. be at war (with) (与…) 处于交战状态 ?be at peace (with) (与…)处于和平状态 ?in peace 和平地,和睦地, 平静地 ?e.g. The two countries were at war with each other for two years. ?这两个国家打了两年的仗 ?How long have they been at war? 他们 交战有多长时间了? ?He is sleeping in peace. 他安详地睡着了. ?be at work 在工作 ?be at school 在上学 ?be at table 在吃饭

?4. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问 ?In doubt 感到怀疑的 without (a) doubt 无疑地 ?5. think highly of 看重, 器重 ? speak highly of 赞扬,重视 ? think much/a lot/well of 重视 ? think little/poorly/nothing of 轻视 ?6. spend, pay, cost, take ?Sb. spend some time/money (on) doing sth. ?Sb. pay money for sth. ?Sth. cost sb. some time/money ?It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.

?7. “of +抽象名词”表示人或事物所具有的 特征,特性,可在句中做表语或后置定语。 be of + 抽象名词 = be + 该词的形容词 ?1) I don’t find anything of interest ?in today’s newspaper ? = I don’t find anything interesting in today’s newspaper ?2) Your advise is of great help to learners of English. ?= Your advise is helpful to learners of English.

?of great importance= (very) important ?of interest= interesting ?of use= useful ?of value= valuable ?of help= helpful ?8. 疑问词+ 不定式 作宾语 ?A judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe(=he should believe) and which not to believe. ?The question is what to do next=The question is what we should do next.

?9. take apart 拆开 ?apart from 除了…之外 = except for ?10. prefer to do… rather than do ?=prefer doing… to doing ?=would rather do… than do ?=would do… rather than do ?11. too much + 不可数名词 ? too many+ 可数名词 ? much too + adj./adv. ?12. 倒装句: 当句子开头出现否定词时, 则 句子须用部分倒装语序

?▲常见的否定词有: never, seldom, neither, little, not, hardly, scarely, rarely, not only, not until, at no time, in no way, by no means, etc. ?13. so, neither/nor ?I’m a student. So is he ?I’m not a student. Neither/nor is he. ?14. what to do with ?=how to deal with ?15. sth. belong(s) to sb. 没有被动语态和 进行时态

?less than 少于 ? in return 作为回赠

?1. take part in= join in 参加…活动 ?join 加入某组织,党派或团体 ?2. used to do 过去常常做某事 ?be used to doing 习惯于做某事 ?be used to do 被用来做某事 ?3. every four years 每四年一次 ?four times a year 一年四次 ?▲every+基数词+复数名词= every+序数 词+单数名词 ?every two days=every second day= every other day

?4. as well=too ? as well as=not only…but also ?5. replace=instead of=take the place of ?replace…with/by 以…代替 ?6. sb. +be in charge of sth. 某人管理… ?Sth. +be in the charge of sb. …由某人 管理 ?e.g. He will be in charge of the whole factory. ? =The whole factory will be in the charge of him.

?7. as… as… 跟…一样 ?not so/as… as… 跟…不一样 ?8. deserve doing= deserve to be done 值得做 ?9. be admited to/into… 被允许或参加… ?be admited as 作为…被 ? admit doing 承认做某事 ?10. as a matter of fact=in fact=actually=in reality 事实上,实际上 ?11. run against 与…赛跑 fight against 与…斗争 ? run across=come across 偶然碰到 ? run after 追逐,追赶,追求

?run away 跑掉,跑走 run out 用光 ?12. stand for 代表 ? one after another 一个接一个地 ?M 2 U 3 ?1. As time goes/ went by= With time passing/going by ? 随着时间的流逝 ?2. so… that (so后面接adj./adv.) ? such… that (such 后接名词或名词词组) ?▲注意: 当名词前有many, much, little, few 修饰时用so, 不用such. ?3. anyway=anyhow 无论如何, 不管怎样

?4. in a way 在一定程度上 in the way 挡 路 ? on one’s way to 在…的路上 by the way 顺便说一下 ? in no way 决不 in this/that way 以这 种/那种方式 ?in some ways 在某些方面 in any way 在任何方面 ?5. with the help of=with sb.’s help 在某 人的帮助下 ? over=look after=take care of ? watch out 小心

?7. in common 共有,共用 ? have… in common 与… 有共同之处 ?e.g. have nothing/something/little in common 无共同之处/有一些共同之处/有 很少共同之处 ? be similar to=the same as 类似于, 与… 相似 ?8. after all 不管怎样, 归根到底, 毕竟 ? above all 最重要的是, 首先 ? in all 总共,总之 ? at all 根本, 在任何情况下 ?first of all 首先

?9. 强调句: ?A) It is/was … that… ?B) 助动词do的强调句: ? I do like music. 我的确喜欢音乐. ? She does like this dress 她的确喜欢这 条裙子. ?10. from… on 从…时起 ? as a result 结果 ? human race 人类 ? sum up 总结

?1. decrease by… 下降了… ? decrease (from…) to… (从…)下降到 ? decrease in 在…方面减少 ?2. die out 灭亡,消失 ?die away (声音,光线,风等)逐渐减弱 ? danger 在危险中 be in danger of 有… 危险 ? out of danger 脱离危险 ?4. long to do sth = look forward to doing 渴望做某事 ?5. burst into laughter/ tears=burst out laughing/crying突然笑/ 哭起来

?6. protect… from= protect… against ?保护…不受…(的危害) ?7. pay attention to 注意 ? draw/ attract (sb’s) attention 引起(某人) 的注意 ? fix one’s attention on/upon 集中注意 力于… ?8. succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事 ?9. come into being=come into existance 形成 ? come into power 掌权 come into use 使用

?come into effect 生效 ?10. at a loss 不知所措 ? lose one’s way= lose oneself 迷路,迷 失方向 ? be lost in 沉迷于, 埋头于,专心干 ? be lost in thought = be deep in thought 陷入沉思 ?11. in relief 如释重负 ? according to 按照, 根据…所说 ?so that 以致于, 结果 ?in peace 和平地,和睦地

?1. dream of/ about doing sth. 梦想做某 事 ?2. pretend that…假装… ? pretend to do sth 假装做某事 ? pretend to be doing sth. 假装正在做某 事 ? pretend to be…假装是… ? pretend to have done sth. 假装已经做 了某事 ?3. to be honest= honestly speaking 说 实在,实话说 ? to be brief= briefly speaking 简单地说

?4. attach… to… 认为…有(重要性,意义等); 附上,连接,贴上 ? I attached great importance to this research. ? 我认为这项研究十分重要. ?She attached a stamp to the envelop. 她在信封上贴上一枚邮票. ?5. form into 组成,排成 ? form a habit of 养成…的习惯 ? in the form of 以…的形式 ? fill in the form 填表格

? 6. 复合名词变复数规则: ? A) 将主体名词变复数 ? passer-by→passers-by lookeron→lookers-on ? son-in-law→sons-in-law ? B) 若无主体名词,则只在最后一个词加复数词 尾 ? go-between→go-betweens 中间人 ? grown-up→grown-ups 成年人 ? C) 由man,woman构成的复合名词变复数时,两 个都要变 ? woman servent→women servent 女仆人

?7. earn one’s living (by…)= make a living (by…) ? =live on sth 靠…谋生/生活 ?8. play jokes on sb 开某人的玩笑 ? have a joke with sb. 与某人说笑话 ?make a joke about 以…为笑柄 ?Just for/as a joke 只是(为了)开玩笑 ?It’s no joke. 这可不是开玩笑的 ?9. rely on/upon sb/sth 依赖某人/某物 ? rely on one’s own effort 自力更生 ? rely on sb. to do sth, 依赖某人做某事

?10. sb. be familiar with sb./sth. 某人与 某人交情好/ 某人通晓某物 ? sth be familiar to sb. 某物被某人所知 ?11. two days or so=about two days 大 约2天 ?12. break up 打碎,分裂,解体; 分手 break out 爆发 ? break in 闯入,打断 break into 闯入; 突然…起来 ? break down 破除,压倒 break off 使断开,中断 ?break away from 摆脱,脱离 break through 突破,突围

?13. in addition 另外,也 ? In addition to 除了…之外 =except for ?14. be sensitive to … 对…敏感 ?补充: 1. by+表时间的短语或词组时, 用完 成时态(接过去时间用过去完成时, 接将来 时间用将来完成时) ?2, 虚拟语气: 当从句中主句动词表示要求, 建议,命令等时, 从句谓语用” (should) + 动词原形” ?e.g. He suggests that we (should) start now. ?他建议我们现在就开始.

?3. 没被动语态的动词: happen, take place, come out, belong to ? ▲当说明主语特性时也不用被动 ?e.g. This dress fits well. ?这条裙子适合我. ?4.It/This/That is/was the first/second/last time that+现在/过去完 成时 这是第…次做什么了.



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