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北京2013石景山高考英语一模(含标准答案)


北京市石景山区 2013 届高三下学期 3 月统一测试英语试题
第二部分知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 21 . As he was accustomed to the coffee from Columbia, Governor John said that coffee should always be strong. A./; a B.the; a C.a; the D./; / 22.---Such a mistake could have been avoided. --- Unfortunately, he the mistake again and again. A.repeated B.would repeat C.had repeated D.would have repeated 23.On Sundays when I was a child, father and I get up early and go fishing. A.could B.would C.might D.should 24. the employees' working efficiency, the manager will allow them to have a coffee break. A.Improving B.To improve C.Improved D.Having improved 25.--- How do you like the main character in the book? --- Well, I think, it was his perseverance and love won him many friends and success. A.which B.what C.where D.that 26.Some towns in Libya, about 50% of factories and buildings were gone, lay in ruins. A.which B.whose C.those D.in which 27.--- How do you feel your trip to Mount Huang? ---Fantastic! The scenery there impressed me deeply; especially the green pine trees, looking great the blue sky. A.on B.with C.in D.against 28.We should respect food and think about the people who don't have we have here and treat food nicety.A.that B.which C.what D.whether 29.When to danger and conflict, men tend to increase blood pressure, nervous or anxious. A.exposed, felt B.exposed, feeling C.exposing, felt D.exposing, feeling 30. have been told that under no circumstances We the telephone in the office for personal affairs. A.may we use B.we may use C.we could use D.did we use 31.We’ll never get to the station on time we run as fast as we can. A.in case B.even if C.provided that D.if only 32.The student continuing his studies when he had to return to his home country unexpectedly. A.is considering B.has considered C.should consider D.was considering 33.Zhai Zhigang's 20-mlnute stay in outer space was witnessed by the world on September 27, 2008.Chinese people will never forget that precious moment, we will value forever. A.that B.one C.it D.what 34.--- Did you find the missing couple in the mountain yesterday? --- No, but we to get in touch with them ever since A.have tried B.had tried C.have been trying D.had been trying 35.… Why were you so late for work today? --to the office was very slow this morning because of the traffic. A.Driving B.I drove C.To drive D.That I drove

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第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) Oseola McCarty Late one Sunday afternoon in September 1999, Oseola McCarty, an elderly cleaning lady passed away in the little wooden frame house where she had lived and worked most of her life.It may seem like an ordinary 36 to an ordinary life, but there was something quite 37 about this woman. In the summer of 1995, McCarty gave$150,000, most of the money she had.saved throughout her life, to the University of Southey Mississippi in her hometown. The 38 was to help other African Americans 39 university. She had 40 school in the sixth grade to go to work, never married, never had children and never learned to drive because there was never any place in 41 she wanted to go.All she ever had was the work which she saw as a 42 . Too many other black people in the countryside of Mississippi did not have even that.She had started her savings habit as a young child when she would rectum from school to clean and iron 43 money which she would then save. When she retired, she decided that she wanted to use the money to give children of limited means the 44 to go to university.She had wanted to become a nurse, but had to leave school to look afire sick relatives and work.When asked why she had given her life 45 away, she replied, "I'm giving it away so that children won't have to work so hard, like l did." Afier news ofher donation 46 the media, over 600 donations were 47 to the scholarship fund. One was given by a media senior manager, Ted Turner, who gave a billion dollars. She didn't want any conked made over her _ 48_, but the news 49 and she was invited all over the United States to talk to people. 50 she went, people would come up to her to say a few words or to 51 touch her.She met the ordinary and the 52 , President Clinton included. the last few years of her life, before she died of cancer, McCarty was giyen over In 300 awards.She was honored by the United Nations and 53 the Presidential Citizen's Medal. 54 having no real education, she found herself with two honorary doctorates: one from the University of Southern Mississippi and the other from Harvard University.Her generosity was clearly an inspiration to many and proof that true 55 does exist. 36.A.start B.call C.end D.show 37.A.abnormal B.complicated C.common D.exceptional 38.A.time B.case C.rule D.money 39.A.with B.through C.out D.along 40.A, quitted B.needed C.opened D.finished 41.A.general B.public C.particular D.advance 42.A.blessing B.praise C.pleasure D.training 43.A.about B, with C.like D.for 44.A.ability B.space C.opportunity D.time 45.A.happiness B.savings C.time D.experience 46.A.ended B.broke C.controlled D.hit 47.A.took B.had C.made D.put 48.A.gift B.dream C.death D.life 49.A, gave off B.got out C.came about D.put away 50.A.Wherever B.Whoever C.Whenever D.Whatever 51.A.often B.just C.only D.almost

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52.A.young B.elderly C.famous D.poor 53.A.gave B. showed off C.refused D.received 54.A.Despite B.Except C.Besides D.Beyond 55.A.wealth B.selflessness C.carefulness D.love 第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,共 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) A It was fifteen past nine as Marie hurried into the office building where she was going to work. bus had inched along through heavy miming traffic, making her a few minutes late for her Her very first job.She decided to start out half an hour earlier the next day. Once inside the lobby, she had to stand at the elevators and wait several minutes before she could get on one going to the sixth floor.When she finally reached the office marked "Smith Enterprises", she knocked at the door nervously and waited.There was no reply.She tapped on the door again, but still there was no answer.From inside the next office, she could hear the sound of voices, so she opened the door and went in. Although she was sure it was the same office she had been in two weeks before when she had the interview with Mr. Smith, it iooked quite different now. fact,. hardly looked like an office at In t all.The employees were just standing around chatting and smoking.In the front of the room, somebody must have just told a good joke, she thought, because there was a loud burst of laughter as she came in.For a moment she had thought they were laughing at her. Then one of the men looked at his watch, clapped his hands and said something to the ottxers.Quickly they all went to their desks and, in a matter of seconds, everyone was hard at work.No one paid any attention to Marie. Finally she went up to the man who was sitting at the desk nearest to the door and explained that this was her first day in the office.Hardly looking up from his work, he told her to have a seat and wait for Mr. Smith, who would arrive at any moment. then Marie realized that the day's work in the office began just before Mr. Smith arrived. Later she found out that he lived in Connecticut and came into Manhattan on the same train every morning, arriving in the office at 9:35, so that his staff knew exactly when to start working. 56.Marie could hardly recognize the office she went into as__ . A.she had been there only once B.Mr.Smith was not m the office C.nobody was doing any work D.the office seemed different 57.The peopling the office suddenly started working because___. A.their morning break was ended B.the boss was about to arrive C.they saw a stranger in the office D.no one wanted to talk to Marie 58.We can infer from the text that the employees of the enterprise___. A.were cold to newcomers B.were always punctual for work C.lacked devotion to the company D.would’ start their work by listening to a joke 59.The best title for this text would be___ . A.Punctual Like A Clock B.A Cold Welcome C.An Unpunctual Manager D.Better Late Than Never

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B When e-mail first came into general use about twenty years ago, there was a lot of talk about the arrival of the paperless office.However, it seems that e-mail has yet to revolutionize office communication.According to communications analyst Richard Metcalf, some offices have actually seen an increase in paper as a result of e-mail."Information in the form of e-mal messages now floods our computer screens.These messages can be sent so quickly that memos(备忘录) tend to be distributed in the hundreds.For those secretaries whose bosses ask them to print out all their e-mails and leave them in their in-trays, this means using up a great deal of paper every month," Metcalf says. Metcalf has found that because some e-mails get lost in cyberspace, important documents are increasingly likely to be asked by clients 客户) colleagues to send all important documents both ( and by e-mail and by fax or "snail mail" - through the post.This highlights a further potential problem with e-mail in today's offices - it is taking up time rather than saving it . "With e-mail, communication is much easier, but there is also more room for misunderstandings," says psychologist Dr David Lewis.Generally, much less care is taken with e-mails than with letters or faxes and the sender will probably print the document and reread it before putting it in an envelope or sending it by fax. More worrying is still the increasing misuse of e mail for sending "flame-mail" - abusive or inappropriate e-mail messages, Recent research in several companies suggests that aggressive communications like this are on the increase.E-mail has become the perfect medium for expressing workplace dissatisfaction because it is so instant. E-mail can also be a problem in other ways.Staffs all too often make the mistake of thinking that the contents fan e-mail, like things said over the phone, are private and not permanent.But it is not only possible for an employer to read all your e-mails, it is also perfectly legal.E-mail messages can be traced back to their origin for a period of at least two years, so you might want to rethink e-mailing your dissatisfaction about your too to your friends.The advice is to keep personal e-mails out of the office. It goes without saying that e-mail exists to make Jife easier, and if used correctly, it is an invaluable tool for businesses of all sizes.But perhaps, for the time being, the fact that in the business world 70 percent offal documents are still in paper form is not such a bad thing after all. 60.Why has the promise of the paperless office not come true in many offices? A.People write more memos than they used to. B.Staff leave messages lying around their offices. ' C.Many managers prefer to read their messages on paper. D.Many secretaries keep paper copies of their bosses' e-mails. 61.What does Richard Metcalf say about e-mail in Paragraph 2? A.It is not an appropriate channel for sending important information. B.It increases the amount of paperwork done in offices. C.It is not popular with many secretaries. D.It is a less efficient channel than fax. 62.Why should employees not use company e-mail systems for personal messages? A.Because company e-mail systems are not easy to use. B.Because e-mail is not a private means ofcommunication. C, Because they allow people to express their anger immediately. D, Because the people the messages are sent to can't respond immediately.

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63.What does the writer conclude about e-mail in the last paragraph? A.It has already made life a lot easier for many businesses. B.It is not being used enough in business today. C.It is really useful when people use it properly. D.It will never replace written communication. C Is it possible to persuade mankind to live without war? War is an ancient institution,-which has existed for at least six thousand years.It was always bad and usually foolish, but in the past human race managed to live with it.Modern inventiveness has changed this.Either man will end war, or war will end man.For the present, it is nuclear weapons that cause the most serious danger, but bacteriological 使用细菌的) chemical weapons may, before Iong, offer an even greater threat. ( or If we succeed in ending nuclear weapons, our work will not be done.It will never be done until we have succeeded in ending war.To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look upon international questions in a new way, not as contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is most skillful in kiting people, but by agreement with principles of law.It is not easy to, change very old mental habits, but this is what must be attempted. There are those who say that the adoption of this or that ideology(观念,思想意识)would prevent war.I believe this to be a big error.All ideologies are based upon dogmatic statements that are, at best, doubtful, and at worst, totally false.Their adherents (追随者,支持者) believe in them so fanatically that they are willing to go to war in support of them. The movement of world opinion during the past few years has been very largely such as we can welcome.It has become a commonplace that nuclear war must be avoided.Of course very difficult problems remain in the world, but the spirit in which they are being approached is a better one than it was some years ago.It has begun to be thought, even by the powerful men who decide whether we shall live or die, that negotiations should reach agreements even if both sides do not find these agreements wholly satisfactory.It has begun to be understood that the important conflict nowadays is not between different countries, but between man and the atom bomb. 64.In the sentence "To do this, we need to persuade mankind" (Para l), "this" refers to . A.abolish war B.improve weapons C.solve international problems D.live a peaceful life 65.From Paragraph 2 we loam that the author of the passage . A.is an adherent of some modern ideologies B.does not doubt the truth of any ideologies C.believe that the adoption of some ideology could prevent war D.does not think that adoption of any ideology could prevent war 66.The last paragraph suggests that . A.nuclear war will definitely not take place B.man begins to realize the danger ofnuclear war C.nuclear war has already been understood by people D.imitational agreements can be reached more easily now

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D Only two countries in the advanced world provide no guarantee for paid leave from work to care for a newsborn child.Last spring one of the two, Australia, gave up the dubious distinction by establishing paid family leave starting in 2011.I wasn't surprised when this didn't make the news here in the United States - we're now the only wealthy country without such a policy. The United States does have one explicit family policy, the Family and Medical Leave Act, passed in 1993.It entitles workers to as much as 12 weeks' unpaid leave for care of a newsboy or dealing with a family medical problem.In spite of the modesty of the benefit, the Chamber of Commerce and other business groups fo:ight it bitter]y, describing it as "government-run personnel management" and a "dangerous precedent(先例)".In fact, every step of the way, as Democratic leaders have tried to introduce work-family balance measures into the laxv, business groups have been strongly opposed. As Yale law professor Anne Alcott argues, justifying parentai support depends on defining the Family as a social good that, ill some sense, society must pay for. her book No Exit: What Parents In Owe Their Children and What Society Owes Parents, she argues that parents are burdened in many ways in their lives: there is '"no exit" when it comes to children. “Society expects - and needs -parents to provide their children with continuity of care, meaning the intensive, intimate care that hum art beings need to develop their intellectual, emotional and moral capabilities, And society expects- and needs - parents to persist in their roles for 18 years, or longer if needed." While most parents do this out of love, there are public punishments for not providing care.What parents do, in other words, is of deep concern to the state, for the obvious reason that caring for children is not only morally urgent but essential for the future of society.The state recognizes this in the large body of family laws that govern cl,ildren's welfare, yet parents receive little help in meeting the life-changing responsibilities society imposes.To classify parenting as a personal choice for which there is no collective responsibility is not merely to ignore the social benefits of good parenting; really, it is to steal those benefits because they accrue (不断积累) to the whole of society as today's children become tomorrow's productive citizens, In fact, by some estimates, the value of parental investments in children, investments of time and money (including lost wages) is equal to 20-30% of entire domestic product. these investments generate huge social , If benefits - as they clearly do – the benefits of providing more social support for the family should be that much clearer. 67.What do we learn about paid fancily leave from the first paragraph? A.America is now the only developed country without the policy. B.Its meaning was clarified when it was established in Australia. C.It came as a surprise when Australia adopted the policy. D.It has now become a hot topic in the United States. 68.What is Professor Anne Alcott’s argument for parental support? A.The cost of raising children in the U.S.has been growing. B.The U. S.should keep up with other developed countries, C.Good parenting benefits society. D.Children need continuous care. 69.What does the author think of America’s large body of family Yaws governing children's welfare? A. They fail to ensure children’s healthy growth. BThey fail to provide enough support for parents, C.They emphasize parents' legal responsibilities.D.They impose the care of children on parents,

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70.Why does the author object to classifying parenting as a personal choice? A.It is regarded as a legal obligation. B.It relies largely on social support. C.It is basically a social undertaking. D.It produces huge social benefits. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从其后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Lack of sleep "switches off’genes One week of bad sleep can "switch off” hundreds of genes and raise the risk of a host of illnesses which iS linked to higher bodyweights or heart disease, scientists claim. 7 1 Getting fewer than six hours' sleep per night can switch off genes in the body according to a new study. Our bodies depend on genes to produce a constant supply of proteins which are used to replace or repair damaged tissue, but after a week of lacking in sleep some of genes stopped working. 72 Scientists from Surrey University divided 26 volunteers into two groups, one of which slept for less than six hours per night for a whole week, and one which slept for ten hours per night.At the end of the week each group was kept awake for 40 hours and donated blood samples, which were studied to examine the effects of their sleep states. 73 Although a week's normal sleep was enough to restore the affected genes to their normal pattern, researchers said that long periods of sleeplessness could lead to serious health problems including heart disease. 74 Prof Colin Smith, one of the authors of the new paper, which was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, said: "This is only a week of short time sleeping and it is only five and a half or six hours night, Many people have that amount of sleep for weeks, months and maybe, even years so we have no idea how much worse it might be." If these processes continue to be disordered, you could see how you are going to get damage of organs, tissues, heart disease, etc. 75 A.Genes in our bodies play a key role in the constant process of self-repair. B.The group of lack of sleeping was found to have changed the function of 711 genes. C.The other participants were monitored as they slept with their rest disturbed on some of the nights. D. The results suggest that shorter sleep provides a more permissive environment only for heart disease. E.If you are not able to repair cells and tissues that are damaged then you are going to suffer permanent ill health. F.Studies have also shown the lack of sleep can lead to some other problems, for example limiting our ability to drive a car safely. G.The findings suggest that long-lasting lack of sleep could prevent the body from fully repairing itself and raise the risk of a host of diseases.

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第 II 卷
第四部分书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节情景作文(20 分) 假如你是李华,一名高中生。在春节期间社区里有很多外来务工人员坚守岗位,未能回 家。下面四幅图描述了你和小区里的伙伴节前为他们送去温馨,共享节日欢愉的过程。 请根据图片的先后顺序,写一篇周记,记录下此事。 注意:1、周记的开头已为你写好; 2、适当进行补充扩展; 3、词数不少于 60。 提示词: migrant worker 外来务工人员 security guard 保安

The Spring Festival is drawing near.However, in our community, many migrant workers remain at their posts, far away from their families and hometowns. …… 第二节开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim.Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.

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