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how to make a good impression


How to Make
a Good Impression?
By 王晋玲

0905103-16

Content
? ? ? ? Lead-in Pre-reading While-reading Post-reading

Discussion Questions:
1.Which one give you a good impression?
2.Why?

Factors of Good Impressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Clothes Face expression Your appearance Gestures Manner Humor, confidence...... ......

Why Good Impression Are So Important?

第一印象,改变命运!!

Pre-reading
Listen to the passage and answer the following question.
What’s the main idea of this passage?

Main idea of the text
When people want to make a good impression, the following advice can be of some help: you are the message; be yourself; use your eyes; and lighten up.

While-reading
Exercises based on the passage Passage structure Reading & Writing Skills Language Points Sentences explanation
Words and Eexpressions

Exercises based on the passage

Multiple Choices
? 1. What good qualities should a successful man have? ? A. making persuasive presentations ? B. answering unfriendly questions ? C. communicating more effectively ? D. above all

? Answer: D

? 2. what good qualities do you use if you want others to be with you and help you? ? A. physical appearance ? B. expression through the eyes ? C. the ability to hold the interest of others ? D. above all
? Answer: D

? ? ? ?

3. what can break the stress of a very uncomfortable scene ? A. honesty B. humor C. persuasion D. brevity Answer: B

? 4. what should we do if we want to make a good impression on others? ? A. say "I" very often ? B. focused on your own problems ? C. light up ? D. complain frequently ? Answer: C

Questions and Answers:
? How do we show our feeling during the first seven seconds? ? What qualities do you like to cause others to help you? ? What should do if you want to be consistently you at your best? ? What does “ a lion’s cage” mean in this text? ? What should we do when we enter a room full of people according to the author?

Passage structure
Part 1 Part 2
(Para.1~2) (Para.3~15) Introduction Suggestions

Unit4

1
You are the message( 3-5)

2
Be yourself(6-9)

3
Use your eyes (10-11)

4
Lighten up (12-15)

Reading skills
? What is the main idea in paragraphs?
One sentence that tells the readers what the rest of the paragraph is about

? Position of main idea sentence
In the beginning In the middle At the end of the paragraph

Writing

Skills

How to support your topic sentence
? General statement( topic sentence)

? a list of things( details)

? Symbols : for instance, for example, such as ......

For Example:
Think about some of your most important unforgettable meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a strange.(Para.2) An introduction Some of your A job interview most unforgettable An encounter meetings:

Sentences Explanation
1.Research shows we make up our minds about people through unspoken communication within seven seconds of meeting them. (Para. 1) Research shows within the first seven seconds when we meet someone, we form our opinion about him or her through nonverbal communication.

2.Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear. (Para. 1) Whether we are aware of, or unaware of it, we use our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes to express our feelings.This causes a sequence of various reactions from comfort to fear.

3.You are the message. (Para. 3)
Your eyes, face, body, and attitudes - the whole you sends the information about you to others.

Just for Women
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Hair style Dressing Smelly Jewellery Clothes Fingernail Body Shoes

Just for Men
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Hair style Smile Smelly Tie Clothes Fingernail Body Shoes

4. For 25 years I’ve worked with thousands who want be successful.(Para.3) ? 现在完成时:
? 1.基本结构:助动词have/has+过去分词(done) ? 2.句型: ? 否定句:主语+have/has+not+过去分词+其他. ? 一般疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其他. ? 简略答语: Yes, 主语 + have/has.(肯定) ? No, 主语 + haven't/hasn't.(否定)

? 3.用法 ? (1)现在完成时表示过去发生戒已经完成的 动作对现在造成的影响戒结果。 ? eg.I have spent all of my money (so far). ? 现在我没有钱花了. ? Guo zijun has (just/already) come. ? 郭子君现在在这儿 ? My father has gone to work. ? 我爸爸现在不在这儿

? (2)现在完成时可以用来表示发生在过去某一时刻的,持 续到现在的动作(用行为动词表示)戒状态(be动词表示) 常与for(+时间段),since(+时间点戒过去时的句子) 连用. ? ①for+时段 ? ②since+过去一个时间点(译为:自从??以来) ? ③since+时段+ago ? ④since+从句(过去时) ? ⑤It is+时段+since+从句(过去时) ? eg.Mary has been ill for three days. ? I have lived here since 1998.

5.You were committed to what you
were talking about and so absorbed in the moment you lost all self-consciousness. (Para. 5)

You were giving all your attention to what you were saying and you were so interested in it that you lost all your worries and embarrassments about what you looked like, how you behaved and what others thought of you.
be so absorbed in sth: be committed to sth

? so + adj. /adv. +(that) : to such a
degree as to produce a particular result ? eg.I was very excited about going away. I couldn’t sleep. I was so excited about going away that I couldn’tsleep.

6.He's not being honest. (Para. 9) He is not honest. He is, for the present time, not saying something honest. He is lying. Eg.You're being very silly.=You're doing silly things. Eg.I was being very careful. =I was doing something carefully.

Words and Eexpressions 1. Impression : n
root : press deep lasting effect on the mind or feeling of sb

im- press-ion

make an impression on /

first impression

Eg.1)His speech made an strong impression on his audience 2) She’s always trying to make an impression on people with her new clothes .

under the impression that
Eg. I was under the impression that you were coming tomorrow.

impress . V. Impress sb with sth
Eg. 1) The sights of the city never fail to impress foreign tourists . 2) We are most impressed with your efficiency of work.

impress sth on/ upon sb.
Eg. His words impressed themselves on my memory.

2. conscious : a. 1). realizing something
be conscious of : realize sth
Eg. The children were conscious of their mother's unhappiness because she was so young.

2). fully awake; knowing what is happening around Eg.The patient was conscious. Eg.He was badly hurt, but he remained conscious.( was conscious/ became conscious)

consciousness, consciously, unconsciously, self-conscious, time-conscious

3.reaction: n. 1). the way a person reacts to sth
Eg.What was his reaction to your idea? 2). a course of change that occurs when two or more kinds of matter are put together Eg.Chemical reaction

react . V.
Eg.How do you react to his rude behavior?

4.range:

v. change

Eg.Prices range from $10 to $25. Eg.We show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reaction ranging from comfort to fear. 2). put things in rows; order in a line or lines Eg.He had ranged the bottles from small to large in rows against the wall.

5.encounter:

come across , meet by chance

Eg.If you take up this assignment, you are likely to encounter many difficulties. Eg.a short encounter with a friend

6.focus:

focus on sth=pay more attention to

Focus on the first seconds.

7.persuasion

persuade sb to do

persuasive

Eg. I’ve helped them make persuasive presentations, answer unfriendly questions, …

8.consistent: a. consistence consistently
Eg. He was consistent in arriving late.

9.depress: make someone unhappy
Eg.The thought of going to work tomorrow really depresses me. Eg.He's been very depressed since he lost his job. Eg.They look angry, frightened or depressed

10.at one's best & at one’s worst: in one's
best state or condition Eg.Students are at their best in the morning. Eg.The trick is to be consistently you, at your best.

11.drive someone crazy :make sb. feel very angry or annoyed
逼得某人发疯,戒受不了

12.communicate with =talk with 与......交谈,与......交流
13.lighten up: relax ; not to be so serious about sb.
放松,不要生气 light+en: eg. soften, weaken, strengthen, sharpen, harden, broaden, widen, deepen ......

14.take ...seriously:

treat a thing or person as important.

Eg.Don't take him seriously-he's often joking. Eg.You can always see people who take themselves too seriously.

15.range from: occur between certain limits or "to put
things in rows; order in a line or lines". Eg.There are 80 students whose ages ranged from 20 to 40.

16.be committed to:
on sth Eg.He is committed to his paper .

spend one's time, attention or energy

Eg.If you want to become an actor, you really have to commit yourself to it.

? commit: do sth wrong. commit mistake/ suicide/murder/ theft

? 17.be so absorbed in sth:
consciousness. (Para. 5)

be committed to sth

? Eg.....and so absorbed in the moment you lost all self-

18.If I did agree, I certainly wouldn't look at my feet or at the ceiling. I'd keep my eye on the lion! (Para. 11)
(1).do/does/did+V原:来强调谓语动词,意为“确实、果真” 注意:谓语动词只有两种时态能强调,即一般现在时和一般过去时。在 一般现在时中,do有人称的变化,第三人称单数用does,一般过去时do 变成did。其他时态的强调通过重读谓语动词来体现。

例如:1.强调一般现在时动词谓语:
I work hard. → I do work hard. My father smokes a lot. → My father does smoke a lot. 2.强调一般过去时动词谓语: I called you in the morning. → I did call you in the morning. I attended the meeting yesterday. → I did attend the meeting yesterday.

(2)虚拟语气

表示与现在事实相反的情况: eg.1.If I were you,I would take an umbrella. 如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你) 2.If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you. 如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道) 表示与过去事实相反的情况: eg.1.If I had got there earlier,I should/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她.(事实:去晚了) 2.If he had taken my advice,he would not have made such a mistake. 如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。(事实:没有听我的 话) 表示对将来情况的主观推测 : eg.1.If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him. 如果他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小) 2.If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would not go skating. 如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了。(事实:下雪可能性很小)

Exercises
选用have, has填空: 1.I _______ told him the news. 2.She ________ come back from school. 3.You ________ won the game. 按要求改写下列各句: 4.They have bought a computer.(改成否定句) _____________________________________ They don't have bought a computer. 5.He has lost his book.(先改成一般疑问句,再作肯定与 否定回答) Has he lost his book?Yes,he has.No, he hasn't. _________________________________________

Multiple choices
1.Thevolleyball match will be put off if it ___.
? ? ? ? A.will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained

答案B。真实条件句主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时。

2. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he_______. A. was busy B. is busy C. had been busy. D. will be busy 答案:A. 考点:本题考查虚拟语气与时态。解析:前 句表示对过去的虚拟,而but之后表示过去的客观事实, 故用一般过去时态 3. If he _________ my advice, he wouldn't have lost his job. A. followed B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow 答案:C考点:考查虚拟语气。解析:根据“wouldn’t have lost”可判断if引导的状语从句表示与过去事实相 反的虚拟,故选C项。

4.John went to the hospital alone. If he ______ me about it, I would have gone with him. A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told 答案:选D. 解析:根据主句的谓语动词形式would have gone with可知题干是与过去事实相反,故所填部分用 had+过去分词形式。

5. George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he_______ more on its culture. A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused

答案:选B. 解析:would rather后应用 虚拟语气,表示与现在时间相反,用动 词的过去式。

6.--The weather has been very hot and dry. --Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables _________ . A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died 答案:D

7. If it____, the crops would be saved. A. should rain B. would rain C. will rain D. is to rain

答案:A

Post-reading
? 1.Review ? 2.Role play.Chose one of the three scripts and make a short play with your partners. ? 3.Write a short composition within 100 words which follows the “statement-list of examples” structure.
? ? General ? Statement ? example one example two example three ……

Script 1
? W: Stand up straight!
? M: What?

? W: Your head should be up, and your back should be straight! Looking people in the eyes is very important!
? M: I appreciate your help, but I’m only going to a job interview. ? W: I assume you want this job. Am I right? ? M: Of course I do. ? W: Then listen to me! You’ll make a good Impression if you show self-confidence. But don’t look too rigid. You want to seem a bit relaxed.

M: Anything else?

W: Yeah. You should tell them a joke.
M: A joke? W: Everyone likes a joke. Do you know any?

M: I know one about a fight between a German.

Frenchman and

W: No! don’t joke about countries, sex, or religions. You could upset someone. M: I don’t think I can remember all of this. Maybe I should just stay home. W: Honey, don’t worry. You’ll be great! Just strand up straight!

Script 2
? A: Hello, B, could you tell me something about making a good impression, especially when we meet for the first time? ? B: Yes, remember to stand tall, smile , make eye contact, and greet people with a firm handshake. All of this will help you make a good impression. ? A: So is there anything else?

? A: All right, thank you so much for telling me these tips.

? B: You're welcome and lastly, you need to stay positive, courteous and don't start criticising people or make sarcastic comments because this will spoil your image.
? A: Okay, I'll take what you said to my heart and hope I'll make a good impression at the party next week!

Script 3
W: Yes, who’s there? M: Excuse me, I’m here to apply for a job. W: Come in. You have eight seconds to impress me. M: I’m afraid I don’t understand. I’m here… W: Three seconds. M: Can I at least sit down? W: There is no need. The interview is over. M: I’m afraid I don’t understand.

W: Young man., I’m very busy. I have to interview 50 people today, so I have to act quickly. And you know what? You’ve got the job. M: This is very strange. W: Quite so! But I can tell a lot about a person in eight seconds. For instance, from the way you cleaned you feet at the door, I could tell that you are careful. I know that you are polite by the way you took off your cap when you came in. And, look at your clean hair and fingernails! I think you’ll be just fine. You can start early tomorrow morning.


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