长沙市第一中学 2016-2017 学年度下学年高二英语第一次月考试题(即开学考试) 时间:120 分钟总分:150 分 1.答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试题相应的位置。 2.全部答案在答题卡上完成，答在本试题上无效。 3. 考试结束后，将本试题和答题卡一并交回。 学校:___________姓名：___________班级：___________考号：____
第一部分 第 一 部分(听力共 30 分) 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试 卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一 遍。 1.What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A.Waitress and customer. B.Mother and son. C.Doctor and patient. 2.How many lectures did the man attend? A.Three. B.Two. C.One. 3.What does the man mean? A.He didn’t buy anything. B.He was sick and couldn’t go shopping. C.He bought nothing except a football. 4.Why didn’t the man come to the meeting? A.Because he didn’t know there would be a meeting. B.Because he wasn’t interested in attending the meeting. C.Because he didn’t know he must attend the meeting. 5.What does the woman suggest the man do? A.Find an apartment elsewhere. B.Bargain with her for a lower price. C.Move in the apartment before classes start. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小 题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至第 8 三个小题。 6.When and where will the woman get off the plane? A.May 19th,Shenyang. B.May 9th,Xi’an. C.May 19th,Xianyang. 7.How much is the original price of the ticket? A.1,500 yuan. B.1,350 yuan. C.1,050 yuan. 8.What can we learn about the woman? A.She will book a ticket at 5:00 a.m. B.She wants a round-trip ticket. C.She wants an economy ticket. 听下面一段对话，回答第 9 至第 11 三个小题。 9.What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A.Computer programmer and boss. B.Cook and customer. C.Mother and son.
10.What is the man doing? A.Working on his webpage. B.Making jiaozi. C.Chatting online. 11.Which country didn’t the man mention? A.New Zealand. B.Japan. C.Germany. 听下面一段对话，回答第 12 至第 14 三个小题。 12.What’s the main idea of the conversation? A.Getting a college education is a good investment. B.Getting ready for college early is necessary. C.College education means better job opportunities. 13.What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers? A.Interviewer and interviewee. B.Teacher and student. C.Journalist and parent. 14.Who will jointly pay for college according to the conversation? A.State governments, colleges and parents. B.Parents,the federal government and colleges. C.Scholarship funds, colleges and parents. 听下面一段对话，回答第 15 至第 17 三个小题。 15.Where does the man live? A.Building 13,Room 803. B.Building 3,Room 308. C.Building 3,Room 803. 16.How long did it take the man to get here? A.A day and a night. B.Two days and a night. C.Almost 18 hours. 17.What do we know about the man? A.He welcomed the woman this morning at the station. B.He is looking for the library on campus. C.He has registered. 听下面一段独白，回答第 18 至第 20 三个小题。 18.Where did ancient people use to camp? A.In mountains,by the seaside or on open ground. B.In forests,on ships or in fields. C.In caves,in forests or on open ground. 19.Why do modern people like to go camping according to the talk? A.To get excited. B.To relieve stress. C.To get near to nature. 20.How long did ancient people live in one place? A.For weeks. B.For months. C.For years.
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。
Brian was unhappy because he had to babysit his little sister Crissy on the first day of their mountain vacation since Mom had to pick up Dad at the airport and wouldn’t be back until later. “I’ll miss the Perseids this year,” he said. “What are the Perseids?” Crissy asked. “They’re lots of falling stars called a meteor shower (流星雨) that comes every August,” Brian replied, annoyed. “ Let’s sleep on the deck (露天平台) tonight. We can both watch!” Crissy suggested.
That was not a bad idea, Brian thought. “OK. I’ll leave a note inside so Mom and Dad know we’re on the deck. Go and get your sleeping bag.” When Crissy returned, she asked, “When will the stars come out?” “Soon. The Perseids come early in the morning.” They both soon fell asleep. Suddenly, Brian heard something moving on the other side of the deck. He tried to be very quiet so he would not frighten whatever it was. Carefully, he looked out of the sleeping bag and found there was a large black bear standing on his back legs. Crissy was awake too. “We have a visitor. It’s a bear,” Brian tried to sound confident so Crissy wouldn’t be frightened, but inside, he was very nervous. “I’m scared,” Crissy said in a low voice. “Just don’t move,” Brian warned. The bear was now eating the hamburgers they had placed on the deck earlier. Brian covered both of them with his sleeping bag. Crissy closed her eyes and held her breath. Brian tried to stay still. Minutes later, Crissy asked, “Is he gone?” Looking out of the sleeping bag again, Brian replied, “Yep. I guess he was just hungry.” “Well, I’m just glad he liked our dinner and didn’t eat ME!” Crissy laughed. Brian laughed too, “Nah! That bear just wanted some just food!” Crissy hugged her brother, and Brian hugged her back. Things didn’t turn out so badly after all, he thought. “Look!” Brian said, pointing upward. Above their heads, the Perseids meteor shower had begun to move fast across the night sky like fireworks (烟花). 21. When Crissy knew a bear was visiting their deck, she felt_______. A. unhappy B. annoyed C. frightened D. confident
22. What can we know about Brian from the passage? A. He knew a lot of things about the bear. B. He gave the bear some junk food to eat. C. He was a brave, calm and humorous boy. D. He woke up at night because he was hungry. 23. What is the best title for the passage? A. Taking a mountain vacation C. Unusual sound at night B. Waiting for the Perseids D. Fireworks show B Dear Editor, I have just returned home after studying for a year in Germany. But it seems that my parents don’t understand me now. They expect me to be the same person I was before I went abroad, but I’m not! Why can’t they let me be myself?
Jimmy Hi, Jimmy, As far as I know, people who have lived abroad often find that the adjustment (调整) to returning home is more difficult than their adjustment to living in a foreign culture. Why? We expect to have some problems when we go to a new place, speak a different language and learn the rules of a different culture ... But home? ... we know that place! Your parents expect that the same person who boarded the airplane one year ago will be returning. Especially if they have never been abroad themselves, your parents probably won’t understand the changes that living abroad can cause in a person. On the other hand, you may have maintained (保持) an ideal mental image of your loved ones while abroad, an image that is broken into pieces when you return. Remember you have been living a different lifestyle in your host country, and you have probably become very independent while staying there alone. Now that you’re home, you will be expected to conform (顺应)again to the lifestyle of your family. As a result, you may be upset about your parents’ involvement in your life. Communication is the key to overcoming this problem. Tell your parents how you are feeling. Share with them information about cultural re-entry(重归), and ask them to be patient. This does not mean that you have to forget your experience and give up everything you’ve learned! Learn to find a balance between the old and new, just as you did when first adjusting to your host country’s culture. 24. What is Jimmy’s main purpose in writing the letter? A. To criticize his parents. C. To complain about his parents. B. To ask for advice about his studies. D. To ask for help.
25. What does the editor think of Jimmy’s problem? A. It’s unusual. B. It’s normal. C. It’s serious. D. It’s interesting.
26. The editor thinks that both Jimmy and his parents ______. A. have changed in the past year B. have unrealistic expectations of each other C. need to behave like they did before D. need to find a balance between the good and bad 27. The author suggests that ______ would help solve Jimmy’s problem. A. patience and trust B. patience and politeness C. better communication between family members D. a deeper understanding of the host country’s culture
Like people, plants experience stress. And also, like people, the response to that stress can determine success. Bad environmental conditions, such as drought, flood, heat and other stresses, affect yields(产量 ) more than crop pests and diseases. We are trying to find a way to equip plants with the ability to tolerate environmental stress and maintain high yields, said Stephen Howell, a professor of genetics and cell biology. Plant cells produce proteins（蛋白质) and ship them to different parts of the cell. Under normal conditions, these proteins are folded into their normal, healthy structures as they are produced. When a plant is under stress, its cells produce poorly folded or unfolded proteins. Then a built-in system senses this and “sets off an alarm in the cell,” said Howell. In response to the alarm, another protein (IRE1) starts working and creates a different process which activates (激活) the stress response genes whose products bring about defensive measures that help the plant survive. “As it turns out, responses that are activated under stress conditions actually inhibit the growth of plants,” said Howell. “This allows them to preserve their energy to survive the stress conditions.” For plants in the wild, this response is a help for survival, he said. In production of agriculture crops, however, this response reduces yields. “You don’t want crop plants to stop growing,” Howell said. “You want them to continue to grow and produce even though they are under stress.” With the new understanding of this stress response, the next step may be to silence the alarm system, said Howell. “What may be important is to disable some of these stress responses. That may make the plant more productive under stress conditions.” 28. According to the text, an alarm in the plant cells is caused by A. the folded proteins B. the changed proteins C. the defensive measures D. the stress response genes 29. The energy preserved in the plants under stress conditions A. helps the plants to survive B. helps to maintain high yields C. keeps the plants growing D. helps to produce proteins 30. The underlined word “inhibit” in Paragraph 5 can be replaced by “_. A. prevent B. start C. continue ”. D. promote . .
31. How does Howell intend to make crop plants maintain high yields under stress conditions? A. By making crop plants keep more energy. B. By making crop plants stop growing.
C. By making the alarm system stop working. D. By making the alarm system respond quickly. D “Cleverness is a gift while kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy – they’re given after all. Choices can be hard.” –– Jeff Bezos. I got the idea to start Amazon 16 years ago. I came across the fact that the Internet usage was growing at 2,300 percent per year. I’d never seen or heard of anything that grew that fast, and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old, and I’d been married for a year. I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted to quit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work since most start-ups don’t, and I wasn’t sure what to expect. MacKenzie told me I should go for it. As a young boy, I’d been a garage inventor. I’d always wanted to be an inventor, and she wanted me to follow my passion. I was working at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart people, and I had a brilliant boss that I much admired. I went to my boss and told him I wanted to start a company selling books on the Internet. He took me on a long walk in Central Park, listened carefully to me, and finally said, “That sounds like a really good idea, but it would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.” That logic made some sense to me, and he convinced me to think about it for 48 hours before making a final decision. Seen in that light, it really was a difficult choice, but ultimately (最后), I decided I had to give it a shot. I didn’t think I’d regret trying and failing. And I suspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all. After much consideration, I took the less safe path to follow my passion, and I’m proud of that choice. For all of us, in the end, we are our choices. 32.What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore? A. His dream of being an inventor. B. The support of his wife. C. The greatly increasing usage of the Internet. D. Millions of exciting titles. 33.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence? A. The idea of not trying would keep coming to his mind and disturb him. B. He would be very excited if he tried it out. C. He would be always having a doubt if he didn＇t try. D. The decision to not try the online bookstore would terrify him. 34.We can know from the passage that _______. A. the boss thought the idea was suitable for the author B. the author wanted someone else to try the idea
C. the author might not regret if he failed the idea D. the author might go back to his boss if he failed 35.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Cleverness and Kindness C. Following My Passion B. The Starting of Amazon D. We Are What We Choose
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Being able to read is an important skill in today's society. It is important because it develops the mind and imagination. A person who knows how to read can educate themselves in any area of life they are interested in. Reading is an active mental process that improves your concentration and focus. Since you must concentrate in order to read, this requires you to focus and think about what you are reading. 36 Studies show if you don't use your memory, it becomes more and more difficult to remember things. It requires you to remember details, facts and figures, plot lines, themes and characters. The more you read, the more knowledgeable you become and with more knowledge comes more confidence. Reading about the diversity of life and exposing yourself to new ideas and more information help to develop the creative side of the brain and bring innovations (创新) into your thinking process. 38 When you are well read, people will look to you for answers. Then your feelings about yourself get better. Even more confidence! When you are reading books, especially challenging ones, you will probably find yourself exposed to many new words. Do you remember when you learned to read, how you learned to figure out the meaning of one word by reading the other words in the sentence? 39 37
Reading can help you get access to the diversity of ethnicity (民族特点) of people, their customs and their lifestyles. You'll become more aware of different places. information, so you'll always have something to talk about. A. So it's a chain reaction. B. Reading helps to strengthen your memory muscles. C. If you are feeling bored, then pick up a book and start reading. D. Reading is one of the most enjoyable hobbies a person can have. E. You will get the same benefit for building your vocabulary from reading books. F. It makes you use your brain, helping you to reason out things which are unfamiliar to you. G. Ever found yourself in an embarrassing situation where you didn't have anything to talk about? 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
40 Reading really widens your horizon (视野) of
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填人空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Last Sunday, I sat with Tony, my college classmate, in a well-known coffee shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina. As we 41 our coffee, two men entered and sat on an empty table beside us. 42 the waiter and ordered three cups of 43 , two on the table and one on the wall. We heard 45 they paid for three.
this order with great As soon as they It 47
44 and observed that they were served with two cups of coffee
46 , the waiter pasted (粘贴) a piece of paper on the wall saying A Cup of Coffee. 48 for Tony and me. Since
that the matter was normal at this place. However, it was something 49 our coffee, paid the bill and left. 50
we had nothing to do with the matter, we After a few days, we again had a
to go to this coffee shop. While we were enjoying our coffee, a man 51 the standard nor the atmosphere of this coffee shop. 53 himself, he looked at the 54 55 and said, “One cup of
entered. The way this man was dressed did not Poverty was 52 from the looks on his face. As he
coffee from the wall.” The waiter served coffee to this man with After a few minutes, the man finished his coffee and left when the waiter Now it was no 57 a piece of paper from the wall and 59 58
, politeness and warmth.
56 paying. We were amazed to watch all this it in the dustbin.
for us because the matter was very clear. Although the man didn’t know about the one
who was giving this cup of coffee to him, he would have a better understanding of the wall which had a great role between the 41. A. enjoyed 42. A. thanked 43. A. water 44. A. pride 45. A. as 46. A. moved 47. A. happened 48. A.special 49. A. prepared 50. A. chance 51. A. win 52. A. obvious 53. A. dressed 54. A. menu 55. A. pity 56. A.over 57. A. took off 60 and receiver. B.shared B. met B. coffee B. courage B. but B. drank B. proved B. funny B. ordered B. time B. match B. natural B. relaxed B. wall B. calm B. after B. took up C.cooked C. called C. tea C. hope C. so C. left C. seemed C. kind C. changed C. right C. equal C. exact C. introduced C. table C. fear C. without C. took over
D. booked D. found D. milk D. interest D. for D. entered D. sounded D. helpful D. finished D. choice D. peace D. strange D. seated D. door D. respect D. against D. took in
58. A. hid 59. A. doubt 60. A. boss
B. lost B. surprise B. guest
C. threw C. delight C. waiter 第 II 卷
D. picked D. anger D. giver
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下列材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Almost everyone says computers are wonderful and that they are changing our 61. ________ (live) for the better by making everything faster and more 62. ________ (rely), but I’m not so sure that this is the case. The other day I was standing in a large supermarket 63. ________ (wait) in line to pay for my goods when the cashier announced that the computer 64. ________ (stop) working. I didn’t think this was a big problem and set off 65. ________ (find) another counter, but of course, all the machines are part of 66. ________ same system. They were all out of order. The 67. ________ (annoy) customers began to complain, but 68. ________ was quite clear that none of the cashiers knew what to do. In the end, like many other people, I left my shopping on the counter and walked out. Don’t you think that’s ridiculous? It would never have happened 69. ________ computers were not used. We depend on these machines 70. ________ completely that we simply can’t manage without them any more.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错 误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 People have always been interested in bees. This interest may have begun with the honey what bees make. In the fact, it has found that people have been eating honey for thousand of years. In the more recently past, people were interested in the way bees made honey. They admired the way bees seemed to working so hard. Some languages even developed expressions about people working like bees. In English, for example, we talk with a “busy bee”. Now scientists has a new reason to be interested in bees. We have discovered that bees are able to
communicate with each other. Research has revealed some surprised facts about this, but there are still many mysteries.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你叫李华，你所在的学校现正在美化当中，请用英语写一封邮件将这一消息告诉你在美国的好友 Peter。主要内容如下： 美化校园，净化空气 规划目的 创造良好的学习和生活环境 种植花草树木 建一个植物园，供参观、研究 规划内容 建一个小花园，供休息、读书 建几座名人雕塑，激励师生 注意：1.词数 110 左右（所给出的内容不计入总词数） ； 3.参考词汇：雕塑 statue; 植物园 botanical garden 2.可适当发挥，不要逐字翻译；
参考答案 听力答案：1~5 BBACA 6~10 BACCA 11~15 BBAAB 16~20 ACCCA
阅读理解 21-23CCB 24-27DBBC 七选五：36-40 FBAEG
完形填空 41-45 ACBDB 46-50 CCADA 51-55 BADBD 56-60CACBD 语法填空： 61. lives 66. the 短文改错： 1. what → that / which 4. thousand → thousands 7. with → about(busy bees) 10. surprised → surprising Possible version: Dear Peter, I would like to tell you that our school has worked out a new program. The aims of the program are to make our school more beautiful, to make the air cleaner and fresher, and to turn our school into a better place for us to study and live in. According to the program, we will plant different kinds of trees and flowers in and around our school. A botanical garden will be built for us to visit and have practical lessons, where we will learn much that we cannot learn in class. Besides, we are to build a small garden in which we can do some reading and take a rest. What’s more, some statues of famous people will be set up to encourage us to work harder. How do you think about this program? I’m confident that when everything is finished according to the program, our school will look wonderful. Welcome to our school if you have the chance to come. Yours, Li Hua 2. 去掉 the (fact) 5. recently → recent 3. found 前加 been 6. working → work 62. reliable 67. annoyed 63. waiting 68. it 64. had stopped 69. if 65. to find 70. so
8. has → have9. We → They