Unit exercises for chapter 4
Multiple-Choice Questions (1 point for each, 17 points for total)
1、The ability to think abstractly and systematically solve problems emerges during the
: a) Concrete Operational Stage b) Sensori-motor Stage c) Formal Operational Stage d) Preoperational Stage 2、Piaget believed that children in the preoperational stage have difficulty taking the perspective of another person. This is known as: a）Reversibility b) Egocentrism c) Metacognition d) Constructivism 3 James says, “If everyone would just agree to get along with everyone else, then we wouldn’t have any more wars.” From Piaget’s perspective, James is probably in the ________ stage of development. a. concrete operations b. sensorimotor c. formal operations d. preoperational 4、Object permanence ?understanding that objects exist even when out of sight ?is a hallmark of which of Piaget’s stages of cognitive development? A preoperations B concrete operations C sensorimotor D formal operations 5、 Understanding that the volume remains the same, even if it is transferred from a tall, thin container to a short, wide one requires which of the following cognitive abilities? A transitivity and reversibility B private speech and scaffolding C conservation and decentration D hypothetical and scientific thought 6、At which stage do humans develop the capacity for logical reasoning and understanding of conservation but only in dealing with familiar situations? A concrete operations
B sensorimotor C formal operations D preoperations 7 Carl can correctly answer a question such as, “If all flegs are blats, and if all blats are dulms, are all flegs also dulms?” From Piaget’s perspective, Carl must be in which one of the following stages of cognitive development? a. Preoperational b. Formal operational c. Sensorimotor d. Concrete operational 8 Piaget’s sensorimotor stage is characterized by: a. The beginnings of deductive logic b. Inaccurate mental representations of the surrounding world c. Schemes based primarily on perceptions and behaviors d. Rudimentary schemes for dealing with abstract ideas 9 Piaget spoke of egocentrism in both the thought and speech of the preoperational child. Three of the following are examples of preoperational egocentrism as Piaget defined it. Which one is not? a. Justin is constantly grabbing objects and pulling them toward himself. b. Kate cannot understand or answer the question, “How do you think Molly feels?” c. Isabel cannot understand why she must share classroom equipment with others. d. Lois tells a story as if her listeners already know many details they can’t possibly know. 10. Roger is shown two piles of sand and says that each pile has the same amount. However, when one pile is flattened with a shovel, he now claims emphatically that the flattened pile has less sand. Based on this information, Roger is probably in Piaget’s_______ stage of development. a. concrete operations b. sensorimotor c. formal operations d. preoperational 11 Imagine you are a third-grade teacher. Considering Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, you should expect most or all of your students to exhibit ______ thinking. a. preoperational b. formal operational c. sensorimotor d. concrete operational
12 Considering Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, we would expect a student in the concrete operational stage to have the greatest difficulty with which one of the following questions? a. An apple pie is cut into 4 pieces. A blueberry pie of the same size is cut into 12 pieces. How many pieces of blueberry pie do you need to have the same amount as 3 pieces of the apple pie? b. In what way are an apple and a blueberry alike? c. If we have one row of blueberries arranged like so: o o o o o o and another row of blueberries arranged like so: o o o o o o then does one row have more blueberries than the other? d. If you have 8 Macintosh apples and 2 Jonathan apples, then do you have more Macintoshes or more apples? 18 Which one of the following would Piaget be least likely to advocate for elementary school children? a. Discussions with classmates b. Field trips to hands-on science museums c. Laboratory-type experiences with concrete objects d. Lectures that describe simple abstract scientific concepts 14 Sam is a very talented dancer; he also shows considerable creativity in art class. He finds math and science classes very difficult, but he loves to read and tell stories to his many friends. Which view of intelligence is best reflected in Sam’s abilities? a. Distributed intelligence b. Sternberg’s triarchic theory c. Gardner’s multiple intelligences d. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development 15 Marissa seems to be a “born leader.” As president of the school service club, she can often persuade her classmates to get involved in school and community service activities. Given this information, we could conclude that Marissa has a strength in which one of Gardner’s multiple intelligences? a. Spatial b. Naturalistic c. Bodily-kinesthetic d. Interpersonal 16 Lily is 10 years old. She gets a score of 97 on an IQ test. What does this tell us about her intellectual ability? a. Lily must be a very smart girl—100 is a perfect score. b. Lily is brighter than almost two-thirds of her age-mates, as IQ scores go up to about 150. c. Lily’s score is in the bottom fifth of the population. d. Lily’s score is about average for her age-group.
17 In which pair of students do we see a distinct difference in cognitive style? a. Abby does her assigned readings only if she knows she will be tested on them. In contrast, Adam reads every assignment because he finds the subject matter fascinating. b. Bill tries hard to do his best at everything. In contrast, Beth works only at tasks that come easily to her. c. Cara enjoys every minute that she is at school and approaches each new classroom activity with enthusiasm. In contrast, Connor sits at the back of the classroom uninvolved and mumbling under his breath that every activity is “stupid.” d. During a lecture, David learns more from what the teacher says, whereas Donna can more easily remember the pictures and diagrams the teacher presents.
Essay Questions (13 points) 1 Choose a particular grade level and discuss three important implications of Piaget’s
theory for teaching students at this grade level. State your three points both in abstract terms and in terms of specific educational practices you would employ.