注意事项： 1.本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，考试后将答题卡交回。 2.答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 3.选出每小题后，用黑色水笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。将第 II 卷的答案答在 答题卡规定的区
域内。 第I卷 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 [例：How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15. B. ?9.18. C. ?9.15. 答案是 C。 1. How did the man come from New York? A. By train. B. By bus. C. By taxi. 2. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. A presentation. B. An inspiring story. C. An interesting woman. 3. How does the man probably feel now? A. Excited. B. Worried. C. Disappointed. 4. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At a store. B. At the woman’s home. C. At Serena’s home. 5. What does the woman think the man should do? A. Do more physical activities. B. Change his sleeping habits. C. Do some breathing exercises. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Who showed the man some pictures of New Zealand? A. Sarah. B. Lisa. C. Laura. 7. Why hasn’t the man booked his flight yet? A. Lisa hasn’t decided when to set off. B. He is waiting for a better discount. C. He’s asked Lisa to do it for him. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题
8. What does the woman want the man to do? A. Help fix her car. B. Lend her his car. 9. Where will the two speakers meet? A. At the man’s office. B. At the train station. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why is the man unwilling to go out at first? A. It’s quite cold outside. B. He has to type a letter. C. He wants to do some washing. 11. What did the woman read about today? A. The danger of heart disease. B. The advantages of cooking at home. C. The health effects of eating instant noodles. 12. When will the two speakers probably go out to eat? A. At about 6:00 pm. B. At about 6:40 pm.
C. Pick up her mother. C. At the coffee shop.
C. At about 6:50 pm.
请听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the woman doing now? A. Shopping online. B. Reading a newspaper. C. Reading a book online. 14. What does the man think is the most amazing invention? A. The mobile phone. B. The plane. C. The Internet. 15. How does the man often get in touch with other people? A. By letters. B. On the Internet. C. Over the phone. 16. What is the woman? A. An inventor. B. A tour guide. C. A saleswoman. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why did the speaker go to his uncle’s farm? A. To ride a horse on the farm. B. To spend his summer holiday. C. To pay his aunt and uncle a visit. 18. What did the speaker probably think of horse riding at first? A. Dangerous. B. Boring. C. Amazing. 19. What do we know about the boy? A. He is very shy. B. He grew up on a farm. C. His dream was to ride a horse. 20. What did the speaker decide to do after seeing what the boy did? A. Try horse riding. B. Go back to the city. C. Teach him to ride. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A The National Gallery Description:
The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of Trafalgar Square (特拉法尔加广场) in London. It houses a diverse collection of more than 2,300 examples of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh. The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance. Layout: The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the building houses 13th-to15th-century paintings, and artists include Duccio, Uccello, Van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli and Memling. The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings, and artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titan and Veronese. The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings, and artists include Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velazquez, Claude and Vermeer. The East Wing houses the 18th-to early 20th-century paintings, and artists include Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Renoir and Van Gogh. Opening Hours: The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm（Fridays 10am to 9pm）and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions. Getting There: Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross（2-minute walk）. Leicester Square（3-minute walk, Embankment（7-minute walk), and Piccadilly Circus（8-minute walk). 21. In which century’s collection can you see religious paintings? A. The 13th. B. The 17th. C. The 18th. D. The 20th. 22. Where are Leonardo da Vinci’s works shown? A. In the East Wing. B. In the main West Wing. C. In the Sainsbury Wing. D. In the North Wing. 23. Which underground station is closest to the National Gallery? A. Piccadilly Circus. B. Leicester Square. C. Embankment. D. Charing Cross. B My family has a tradition of holding garage sales (旧货出售). On a Saturday afternoon back in 2002, just when my aunt Lorraine was starting to pack up, I discovered my very own treasure — a pair of black boots. Although they weren’t anything fashionable, they caught my eye. Plus they were only two dollars. She noticed me eyeing them up and said I could have them for fifty cents. Even better! I thought to myself as I pulled them on. They were the perfect fit. When I handed over the money little did I know that these boots would accompany me on some of my greatest adventures. Each year I make a journey overseas and that year, I was making arrangements to visit Helsinki (the capital of Finland), so naturally, I packed the boots. It was winter, but the boots protected my feet from the cold weather. I wore them everywhere. The boots even accompanied me as I walked through the night to find live music. I felt right at home among old friends. In 2009, I went to Aunt Lorraine’s home to attend my cousin Jason’s birthday party. While we were talking, Jason stared at my boots. He asked, “Where did you get those boots?” “I bought them at your family’s garage sale,” I responded.
Jason flew into a rage. “Mum! You sold my boots? I bought them in Milan and I’ve worn them through New York, London, Berlin and Paris,” he shouted. After a silence, however, he laughed and said, “Thanks a lot, Mum!” We spent the rest of the evening sharing memories of the journeys we’d both had wearing the same pair of boots. The boots are no longer fit for wear, but I have held on to them as a memento (纪念物) of the last decade, the places we have walked and the memories we now share. 24. The author bought the boots_______. A. from his cousin B. at the price of $2 C. without hesitation D. for his adventurous trips 25. The underlined phrase “flew into a rage” means Jason felt_______. A. Jason felt surprised B. Jason felt angry C. Jason felt worried D. Jason felt confused 26. Jason said thanks to his mother because_______. A. he didn’t want the boots any more B. it was she who bought him the boots C. he couldn’t travel worldwide without her D. he could share common memories with the author 27. What would be the best title for the text? A. Sweet memories. B. A family tradition. C. My beloved boots. D. My great adventures. C On the banks of Tanzania’s Lake Eyasi lives the world’s last hunter-gatherer tribe (部落) — the Hadza. They don’t grow food, raise animals or build houses. Instead they live a life unchanged for more than ten thousand years. Their world is one of complete freedom — something modern society can barely imagine and is unlikely to ever experience, let alone have the skills to stay alive. Text messages and phone calls don’t exist. Nor do cars and electricity. No jobs, timetables, and social structures. No laws, taxes and unbelievably, no money — the closest thing to currency (交易， 流通) is the trade for a pair of shorts with a neighboring tribe. We spent our time with the Hadza hunting baboons (狒狒), a daily activity for the men. Their land is packed with sharp bushes, poisonous snakes and man-eating lions. But a successful hunting trip is the difference between eating or going hungry. The Hadza diet consists mainly of honey, fruit and meat. Men often hunt in pairs to shoot animals with bows and arrows. The Hadza show us how to track animals, from baboons to snakes to lions. They are hugely skilled with their handmade bows and arrows — we have a go and barely get the arrow to go three feet in front of us. The language of the Hadza is believed to be the oldest still-spoken language known to man. The Hadza don’t have conflict, and have no memory of starvation. Their population never reaches numbers that cannot be supported through hunting or gathering. They never get from their land more than they need. Unlike modern-day office workers, the Hadza enjoy an extraordinary amount of free time. Their “work” — hunting for food — takes up around five hours of their day. They’ve been in such a state of peaceful existence for thousands of years. 28. We can learn from the text that the Hadza_______.
A. lead a very primitive (原始) life B. live on traditional(传统) agriculture C. have their own system of currency（流通） D. show a lot of interest in new technology 29. Which of the following can describe the Hadza’s environment? A. Stressful. B. Comfortable. C. Exciting. D. Dangerous. 30. The relationship between the Hadza and nature_______. A. is going wrong B. is full of conflict C. is in perfect harmony D. is changing all the time 31. Why does the author come to visit the Hadza? A. To study their native language. B. To get to know their way of life. C. To learn survival skills from them. D. To persuade them to protect animals. D Hundreds of gadget (手机配件) fans lined up to be the first buyers of Apple’s iPhone, a music-and-video-playing phone expected to reshape the cellphone industry. Unlike regular cellphone that have dials and small screens, the iPhone features a large touch-screen. From dialing a telephone number to surfing the Internet, all these can be done by tapping or sliding a finger on the screen. The iPhone includes an iPod music and video player, a two–megapixel (两百万像素) camera, and an Internet browser. The iPhone is thinner than many of its competitors and weighs 135 grams. It is 115 mm-by-61 mm. Technology authorities praise it as “a great success”, but industry analysts say there is one thing unknown about the iPhone: whether its owner, familiar with cellphone buttons, will adapt to a touch-screen. Building on the company’s best-selling iPod music player, the slim gadget is designed to expand the market for its software and media services.” But for Apple co-founder and Chief Executive Steve Jobs, it is also a great risk. Analysts are divided on whether Apple’s “smart” cellphones will be an industry-changing gadget, or too expensive to compete with other smart phones such as the Blackberry, invented by a Canadian company named Research in Motion, which has gained a group of loyal fans. The iPhone is being sold across the United States through 162 Apple branches and 1,800 ATT(美国电话电报公司) stores. Overseas consumers have to wait a few more months to get one of the devices. The iPhone will be introduced into Europe late this year (2007, Editor’s Notes), and then into Asia. 32. What’s the biggest difference between the iPhone and regular cellphones? A. It is thinner and lighter. B. It has a large touch-screen. C. It has dials and small screens. D. It includes an iPod music and video player. 33. Industry analysts doubt whether_______. A. the iPhone is a great success B. the iPhone will change the cellphone industry C. the iPhone owners will get used to a touch-screen D. the iPhone is too expensive to compete against other smart phones 34. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. Apple’s iPod music player was invented before iPhone was a success. B. The BlackBerry is one of the inventions of Apple. C. The iPhone is a music-and-video-playing phone. D. The iPhone is being sold all over the world. 35. The best title of the passage is “_______”. A. The iPhone B. The Prediction of Industry Analysts C. Apple Launches Cellphone Revolution D. The Development of Cellphones 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 A monarchy (君主政体) is a form of government that has a single person known as a monarch (君主) at its head. 36 Monarchies were once common throughout the world, but now they are rare. Monarchs generally rule for life. Also, most monarchies are passed from generation to generation. This means that when the monarch dies, the son, daughter, or other relative becomes the next monarch. 37 Germany’s Holy Roman Empire continued this tradition. There are several kinds of monarchy. In an absolute monarchy (君主专制政体), the monarch rules with unlimited power. Absolute monarchy is less common today than constitutional monarchy (君主立宪制). A constitutional (宪法赋予的) or limited monarchy has an elected government that runs the country. 38 Monarchies have existed since people first started forming civilizations. In early times some peoples, such as the ancient Egyptians, saw their monarchs as godlike or as actual gods. Beginning in the 1500s many European monarchs stated that their power came directly from God. By the 1700s, however, more and more citizens had come to see monarchs as cruel rulers. In 1776 the American colonies (殖民地) broke away from the British monarchy. 39 As more colonies around the world gained independence, they almost always ended up as republics and not monarchies, including those of Russia and Germany. Today monarchies survive in the United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, Japan and several other countries. 40 Stronger forms of monarchy exist in Saudi Arabia and Swaziland. A. The monarch has very little power. B. These are all constitutional monarchies. C. This idea was called the full right of kings. D. However, some early monarchs were elected. E. They formed a republic — a country ruled by the people. F. They believe that a country should be ruled by a monarch. G. Monarchs use such titles as king, queen, emperor or empress. 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early 41 of gardening may not have originated (源于) from my love for nature. It was to 42 my parents. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked with 43 at this work of natural art. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish to
her, “Something else to 44 !” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father ever thought it a waste of time. At that time, I always did something 45 to whatever my parents did! If gardening were something they found 46 I would plant a garden! I planted some lily（百合花）seeds in the yard. But they failed to 47 . I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses. Wild 48 joy, I found the first rose bloom (开花). One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off. 49 I was touched by this land of wonder. 50 , my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even 51 at me because he found it was 52 to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s 53 , I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds 54 flowers. Regardless of their 55 , I kept on planting my garden and 56 to enjoy the pleasure of gardening. Plants make such good companions: they breathe, they bloom, they 57 to care and love. It has been many years since I made my first garden out of my desire to 58 my parents.Today I become known as Mrs. Greenthumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show which makes my parents feel very 59 . And now I could say it is my affection for 60 that makes me a real gardener. 41.A. design B. dream C. intention D. memory 42.A. annoy B. please C. help D. change 43.A. surprise B. doubt C. appreciation D. excitement 44.A. come on B. care about C. clean up D. collect up 45.A. superior B. similar C. equal D. opposite 46.A. valuable B. painful C. upsetting D. interesting 47.A. come up B. break out C. hold on D. get through 48.A. for B. by C. with D. to 49.A. Luckily B. Cheerfully C. Regularly D. Eventually 50.A. Instead B. However C. Therefore D. Besides 51.A. glanced B. laughed C. shouted D. jumped 52.A. enjoyed B. troublesome C. convenient D. dangerous 53.A. delight B. displeasure C. sadness D. relief 54A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than 55 A. threat B. encouragement C. dislike D. suggestion 56.A. continued B. stopped C. decided D. struggled 57 A. attend B. devote C. respond D. challenge 58.A. believe B. satisfy C. respect D. lead 59 A. bored B. excellent C. proud D. disappointed 60. A. freedom B. nature C. growth D. Director 第 II 卷 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节： （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 My dad has been into racing (比赛) as long as I can remember. Just a few months after I was born, I 61. ________ (take) to see a real race. 62. ________ the guidance of my dad, I grew fond of
racing 63. ________ I was eight. Last year, I took part in my first race. To everyone’s surprise, I won first prize. 64. ________ (win) the first ever race I competed in was crazy. There was no 65. ________ (possible) of becoming successful if I was not 66. ________ (full) supported. My family puts in a lot of time and money to make it possible for me to do this. My grandpa is one of my biggest supporters. No matter 67. ________ busy he is, he’s always ready to keep the racecar going and make sure I can do whatever 68. ________ (make) me happy. And my dad teaches me a lot on how to drive the racecar 69. ________ (go) fast and how to work on it and keep it going as fast as possible. Since the day I started, I have been racing for nine years and have won 70. ________ number of races. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Today is World AIDS Day, and our school organized an activity calling “Take care of our lives, hand in hand with AIDS children”. At 8:30 am, we the volunteers gathered at the school gates and started our bike trip. It took us about one hour and a half to getting to the Red Cross Hospital, what most AIDS children are staying. Soon after we arrived, we began to chat pleasant with them. Having got to know us well, we presented our gifts and took lots of photos. Before leaving, we have lunch together. I felt very pleasing to see that the AIDS children are not ignored and taken good care. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是你班的班长李华，为了提高同学们的英语水平，更多了解美国文化，你班将组 织一个英语夏令营。邀请美国外教 Misty 参加。请根据以下要点用英语写一封邀请信。 1. 欢迎外教参加； 2. 介绍本班英语学习状况； 3. 为了提高英语技能和了解美国文化邀请外教参加夏令营。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
2015—2016 学年高三摸底考试 英语参考答案与评分标准
参考答案： 一、听力理解 1-5 BAABA
11-15 CBCAC 31-35 BBCAC
16-20 CCACA 36-40 GDAEB
二、阅读理解 21-25 ABDCB 26-30 DCADC
三、知识运用 41-45 CABCD 46-50 CA CDB 51-55CBBCC 56-60 ACDCB 61. was taken 62. Under 63. when 64. Winning 65. possibility 66. fully 67. how 68. Makes 69. to go 70. a 四、写作 1.短文改错： Today is World AIDS Day, and our school organized an activity calling “Take care of our called lives, hand in hand with AIDS children”. At 8:30 am, we the volunteers gathered at the school 去掉 gates and started our bike trip. It took us about one hour and a half to getting to the Red Cross gate get Hospital, what most AIDS children are staying. Soon after we arrived, we began to chat pleasant where pleasantly with them. Having got to know us well, we presented our gifts and took lots of photos. Before them leaving, we have lunch together. I felt very pleasing to see that the AIDS children are not had pleased ignored and taken good care ∧. of 2.书面表达: Dear Misty, We will hold the English summer camp. I’d like to invite you to join us. I would like to express my warm welcome to you on behalf of our class. As the monitor of Class 1, Grade 3, I am proud to tell you that the 24 boys and 18 girls in our class are not only hard-working but also friendly and energetic. Being crazy English learners, we are interested in everything related to English. We believe you will help us improve our English skills and know more about American cultures. I do hope that you will be able to come and join us.! Yours faithfully Lihua 评分标准： 1. 1-60 小题严格按照赋分给分，与答案不符不给分。 （1-20 小题不计入总分） 2. 61-70 每小题 1.5 分，与答案不符不给分。
3. 短文改错每处错误 1 分，与答案不符不给分。 4. 书面表达满分 25 分。按下列标准给分。 第五档：21—25 分。 完全达到了试题规定的任务，完全达到了预期的写作目的。 ●覆盖所有内容要点。 ●应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ●语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂的结构或较高级词汇所致。 ●具备较强的语言应用能力。 ●有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第四档：16—20 分。 完全达到了试题规定的任务，达到了预期的写作目的。 ●虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ●应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ●语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂的语法结构或词汇 所致。 ●应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第三档：11—15 分。 基本完成了试题规定的任务，整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 ●虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ●应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ●有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ●应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 第二档：6—10 分。 未恰当完成试题规定的任务，信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 ●漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关的内容。 ●语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ●有一些语法结构方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ●较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 第一档：1—5 分。 未完成试题规定的任务，信息未能传达给读者。 ●明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ●语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ●有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ●缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求的内容无关或所 写内容无法看清给 0 分。