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权主谓一致 2 ppt


Subject-verb Agreement

主谓一致
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解题重点:对主语的识别

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分析例句,总结规律 1

Draw a conclusion

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一. 谓语动词用单数的情况

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1. 主语是everybody, anything, everything, either等不定代词时 2. 主语是可数名词的单数或不可数时 3. 表示时间、距离、重量、金钱等的(复数)名词作主语,作为整体看待 4. 主语是一个概念的不定式、动名词、主语从句时 Travelling to Pompeii is exciting. That it keeps raining worries the tourists. 5. 复数形式、单数意思的词(学科、专有名词等)做主语时 news, goods, works(工厂), physics, mathematics, Aids, a means, 6. 疑问词+不定式 When and where to build the factory hasn’t been decided. 7. “each (every, no,)+单数名词+and+each (every, no, ) +单数名词” 结构作主语 8. the +n. and + n.表示同一个人或物,或在概念上看作一个整体时, 谓语动词用单数。 Bread and butter is her favorite food. A knife and fork is on the table. 9. many a/more than one + 单数的可数名词 More than one person is involved in this case. 10. one and a half+复数可数名词作主语时 11. the number of…

Practice
1. A poet and artist _____ coming to speak to us about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. (2006江苏) A.is B. are C. was D. were
2. Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but when and where _____ yet. (2007浙江) A. hasn't been decided B. haven't decided C. isn't being decided D. aren't decided

Practice
is (be) to believe. 3. To see _____ isbad for your eyes. 4. Reading in the sun _____ is the 5. No teacher and no student ____in

classroom.

Practice

has been laid 6. Every pen and every book ___________ (lay) on the desk already. 7. — Did you go to the show last night? — Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area____invited (2008陕西) A. were B. have been C. has been D. was

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分析例句,总结规律2

Draw a conclusion

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二. 谓语动词用复数的情况

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1. 主语是可数名词的复数(或复数后加each) Both cities were very rich. They each have written an essay. 2. the police/cattle/people(人)/ goods/ clothes/ earnings(收入)/ remains/ belongings(所有物) 作主语 All their belongings were destroyed in the earthquake.

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3.quantities of/ piles /amounts /collections of +不可数n./可数n. (pl.) ? Large quantities of meat were carried to the market. 4. trousers, pants, shoes, shorts, glasses, jeans, compasses, scissors作 主语时; 但如果这类名词前用了pair来修饰,单复数取决于pair 5. a number of, a group of, a good many, scores/dozens of等+可数n. (pl.) 作主语时; 6. We/ They或n. (pl.) +each做主语时

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分析例句,总结规律3

当两个主语由either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also连接及there be句型中,谓语 动词和邻近的主语一致。

Either the teacher or the students ___ are our friends.

Draw a conclusion

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三、就近一致 1. There be... 2. 并列的主语由 or , either...or..., neither...nor..., not only...but also..., not...but...等连接时

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分析例句,总结规律4

主语后接with, together with,along with, as well as, except, but, besides, like,rather than, more than,no less than,including等,谓语动词与这些词前的主语 一致;

is responsible for Mary rather than her friends ___ the accident. Mr Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. (已经来) __________

Draw a conclusion

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四、就前一致 1. 并列的主语由 with/ together with/ along with/ as well as/ but/ except/ including/ rather than/ besides/ in addition to /like 连接时, 谓语动词应同前面的部分保持一致 Nothing but some pens was lost.

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分析例句,总结规律5

Draw a conclusion

五、视情况定单复(根据意义或后面所接的词判断用单或复数) ? 1. family, crowd, class, team, population, committee, group, crew, audience, all ? Smith’s Family, which is a large one, are very fond of their old house. ? 2. The rest/ 分数/百分比of… ? One third of the books have been donated to the students. ? One third of the book has been finished by him. ? 3. 根据表语定单复数 ? what引导的从句作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数。但如果其后是系表结 构,表语为复数名词,则谓语动词可以用复数形式。例如: ? What he wants is friendship. What they need are books. ? 4. “the +形容词或分词”结构作主语, 指人时,用复数谓语动词;但 如果指事物或抽象概念,用单数谓语动词。例如: ? The injured have been sent to the hospital. ? The beautiful is not always good. 5. 由and连接的两个what从句作主语时,根据意义定单复 ? What he says and what he does do not agree. ? What he says and does does not concern me. ? 6. 由kind, form, type, series, species等修饰的名词作主语,取决于这些 词的单复数 Some new forms of art were discussed at the meeting.
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分析例句,总结规律6

由here,there,where 等引导的倒装句中,(有 时主语不止一个时),谓语动词与靠近它的 主语在数上一致。

Draw a conclusion

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六、倒装结构中的一致:谓语动词同后面 的主语保持一致。
七、定语从句中的一致 He is one of the officers who were invited to the ball. He is the only one of the officers who was invited to the ball.

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Compare
1. When they will start and where they will have not been decided yet. go ________ has not 2. When and where they will go ________ been decided yet.

Compare 3.

Compare 4.



We each have something to say.

none作主语时,谓语动词可用单数,也用复 数,但是代表不可数的东西时总是看作单数, 因而谓语动词要用单数。

Compare 5.

Compare: 6
This pair of shoes _______ fits (fit) me very well. are (be) worn out. My gloves _______

Consolidation
1.The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities _____ rising steadily since 1990. (2009山东) A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 2. Nowadays, a large number of women, especially those from the countryside, ____ in the clothing industry. (2005辽宁) A. is working B. works C. work D. worked
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Consolidation
3.Over 80 percent of the cattle raised in this country _____ exported to the rest of the world. A. is B. are C. has D. have

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Consolidation
4.All means _____ been tried but the young are still crazy about violence and destruction, and thus the police _____ to use arms. A. have; has C. have; have B. has; has D. has; have

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Consolidation
5. The old ___ are taken good care of in our
country.
6. The injured have been sent to the hospital _______________________. (已经被送往医院)

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Consolidation
7. There ____ a pen, two pencils and three books on the desk. A.are B.is C.has D.have
8. —Is everyone here? —Not yet... Look, there _____ the rest of our guests! (2010江苏) A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming
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Consolidation
9. Not only my brother but also I ____ good at painting. Both of us ____ good painters. A.are;are B.am;am C.am;are D.is;is 10. Either you or one of your students ____ to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. A. are B. is C. have D. be

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Consolidation
11. The famous musician, as well as his students, _____ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. (2013福建) A. were invited B. was invited C. have been invited D. has been invited

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Homework

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are Tom and Dick _______ (be) good friends.

A singer and dancer ______ was (be) present at the party.

The worker and writer ___ is (be) talking to the students. tastes (taste) good. Bread and butter ________

is No bird and no beast ______ (be) seen in the bare island.

At Christmas each boy and each girl is _____(be) given a present.

A professor, together with some students, _____ was (be) sent to help in the work.
is No one but the teachers _____ (be) allowed to use the room.

My family _____ (be) a big family. is
are (be) listening to the My family _____ radio.

are (be) trying to catch the The police ____ thief.

22.He is the only one of the students who ____ elected.A. are B.have C.has D.is 23.This is one of the most interesting

questions that ____ asked.
A.have B.has C. have been D.has been

24.Many a man ____ come to help us.
A.have B.has C.is D.are

25."All____ present and all____ going on well," our monitor said.

A.is;is

B.are;are

C.are;is

D.is;are

2015-5-12



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