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【备战2014】高考英语二轮专题教学案:代词(重点知识归纳 考点聚焦 仿真演练)



单数 分类 第一 人称 主格 人称代词 宾格 形容 my 物主代词 词性 名词性 mine myself 反身代词 yours yourself his hers its himself herself itself 指示代词 相 互 代 词 可数 不 不可数 定 可数不可数 代 复合 词 不定代词 疑问代词 连接代词 关系代词 everybody nobody nothing who whom whose which what any other all some much, (a) little 所有格 each other’s one another’s 宾格 this that such each other ours ourselves yours your his her its our your me you him her it us You I 第二 人称 you 第三 人称 he she it 第一 人称 we 第二 人称 you

复数 第三 人称 they them


theirs themselves


these those such one another

one each, many, (a) few ,both, another, either., neither

anyone anybody anything somebody something someone everyone everything

who whom whose which what(参见名词性从句) who whom whose which that(参见定语从句)

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区 别

①one 可以泛指人或者事(东西),其复数为 ones。 We’ve been looking at the houses but haven’t found ___ we like yet. A. one B. ones C. it D. them

Cars do cause us some health problems — in fact far more serious____ than mobile phones do. A. one B. ones C. it D. those

②some 可用于疑问句中,表示盼望得到肯定的答复,或者表示建议,请求等。 —Your coffee smells great! —It’s from Mexico.Would you like ________? A. it B. some C. this D.1ittle

③some 和 any 修饰可数名词单数时,some 表示某个,any 表示任何一个。 I have read this article in some magazine. Please correct the mistakes, if any. one, some, —Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? any 和 it —________way as you please. A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either

one 指同类中的一个,it 指代同一种类的东西。记住下列三点区别: ①it =the /this/ my…+单数名词;one =a/an+单数名词 —There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow —No, I’d rather buy A. it; one B. one; one in the bookstore. C. one; it D. it; it ?

②it 代替特定的单数名词;one 代替不特定的单数名词 This film is an interesting one and I like to see it.. ③one 之前加上定冠词 the 可以表示特指,one 前如有形容词修饰,之前还可以加上不 定冠词,但是 it 之前既不能加冠词也不能加形容词修饰。 Of all the dresses, this is the one I like best.

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some 多用于肯定句,any 多用于疑问句和否定句。 ①There’s ________cooking oil in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get ________. A.1ittle,some B.1ittle,any C. a little, some D. a little, any

②We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ________. A. none B. either C. any D. each

③He doesn’t have _________ furniture in his room --just an old desk. A. any B. many C. some D. much

each 强调个别,代表的数可以是两个或两个以上,而 every 强调整体,所指的数必须 是三个或三个以上。 ①Each student has a pocket dictionary. each 和 every Each (of us) has a dictionary.= We each have a dictionary. ②Every student has strong and weak points. Every one of us has strong and weak points. both 指两个人或物,而 all 指三个以上的人或物。 在句中都可作主语、宾语、表语、 同位语和定语等。 ①— Which of the two books will you take? — I’ll take ____and I think ____of them is very important to me. all 和 both A. either; neither B. neither; both C. both; either D. either; both ②—Which of those electronic dictionaries do you like most? —____.They are both cheap and of great importance. A. None B. Both C. Neither D. All

注意:both, all, each, every 以及由 every 构成的不定代词出现在否定句中,不管否定词在前还是在后,都 是部分否定:All of them don’t like music=Not all of them like music.他们并不都喜欢音乐。 要表示完全否定,需要借助 neither, none ,no one ,nothing, nobody 等。 Neither of them doesn’t like music.他们俩都不喜欢音乐。 None of them don’t like the music.他们都不喜欢音乐。

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no 等于 not any,作定语。none 作主语或宾语,代替不可数名词,谓语用单数,代替 可数名词,谓语单复数皆可。 none 和 no ①There is no water in the bottle. ②How much water is there in the bottle? None. ③None of the students are (is) afraid of difficulties. other 泛指“另外的,别的”常与其他词连用:the other day, every other week, some other reason, no other way 等。 the other 特指两者中的另外一个,复数为 the others。 ①Both sides have accused A. another other 和 another B. the other of breaking the contract. C. neither D. each

②Two students in our class failed, but all the others passed the exam. another 指“又一个,另一个”无所指,复数形式是 others,泛指“别的人或事”。 ①We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun,so let’s have ______ one this month. A. the other B. some C. another D. other

②The trousers are too long, please give me another pair/some others. ③Some like football, while others like basketball. 前者意思为:两者中任何一方都;后者意思为:两者都不。 ①—Do you want tea or coffee? —______,I really don't mind. either 和 neither A. none B. neither C. either D. all

②It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which _____ of the parents spoke the language. A. none B. neither C. both D. each

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这类不定代词有 everything(一切事,最重要的事),everyone =everybody (每个人, 所有人),something(某事,重要的人或事物),someone =somebody(某/有人, every-,some-,any-, 重要 no-与 的人),anything(什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物),anyone =anybody(任何 thing,-one,-body 人, 构成的 无论谁, 重要的人) , nothing (没有东西, 什么也没有, 不重要的人或事) , no one=nobody 复合不定代词 (没有人,不重要的人)等。它们还与别有词构成很多习语,如 for nothing(徒劳, 免费),nothing but(仅仅,只不过)等等。 代词 用 法

①反身代词的语法功能:宾语、表语、主语或宾语的同位语; I’m teaching myself English.我正在自学英语(宾语) The thing itself is not important. 事情本身并不重要。(主语的同位语) 反身代词 ②反身代词和某些动词连用,构成固定短语。 by oneself= alone 独自 seat oneself 坐下 for oneself 独立、为自己 enjoy oneself 玩得愉快 come to oneself 苏醒 make oneself at home 不要客气

help oneself to 自行取用、不用客气

①为了避免重复,常用 that 或 those 代替前面已提过的名词; The weather of Beijing is colder than that of Nanjing. 指示代词的重点 用法 The ears of a rabbit are longer than those of a fox. ②this 在电话用语中作自我介绍,that 询问对方;this 和 that 可以当副词用,意思相 当于副词 so。 this/that much=so much

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①it 作形式主语或宾语:it 作形式主语或宾语时, 真正的主语或宾语可以是动词不定 式,动名词或由 that 引导的主语或宾语从句,把真正的主语或宾语移到句后。 It is a good habit to do morning exercise. It is no use learning without thinking. It is pity that you didn’t see such a good film. I consider it wrong that you stand too close to an Englishman. They want to make it clear that they are doing an important and necessary job. ②it 用于强调句型: It+is / was+被强调的部分+ that / who +其他。 It is Professor Wang that/who teaches us English every Monday afternoon. it 的重点 ③特殊用法 Take it easy.别着急。 You’ll catch it.你可得小心点。 Let’s make it(at)8:30.我们把时间定在 8:30 吧。 He can’t make it today.他今天不行(不成或做不到)。 Got it.明白了。 see to it that…(务必) take it for granted that…(想当然) hate it/like it/appreciate it+从句

①If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t you take ______? I won’t read them this week. A. all B. any C. either D. both

【解析】答案为 D。由前后语境来看,应是建议对方将两本书都拿去看。 ②You may drop in or just give me a call. ______ will do. A. Either B. Each C. Neither D. All

【解析】答案为 A。由前句可知是指两者中的“任何一个”,用 either。 ③Of all the books on the desk, ______ is of any use for our study. A. nothing
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B. no one

C. neither

D. none



【解析】答案为 D。由 all 可知,是指三者或三者以上,排除 C 选项。nothing(没一样东西)与这里谈到的 “书”毫无联系,排除 A; no one =nobody(没有一个人)只能指人,也不符合题意;指多者中“一个也没 有,没有一个”用 none。句中 of any use=useful,在句中作表语。句意:在桌上的所有这些书中,没有一 本书对我们的学习是有用的。 ④It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which ____ of the parents spoke the language. A. none B. neither C. both D. each 英语的家庭里学习英语,对于他

【解析】答案为 B。neither 表示“两者都不”,句意:在父母都不懂 来讲是很困难的。

⑤The mayor has offered a reward of $ 5000 to ______ who can capture the tiger alive or dead. A. both B. others C. anyone D. another

【解析】答案为 C。根据句意“谁能捕获那只老虎,无论死活,市长将给赏金 5000 美元”应选 C 项。其 它三个选项均与题意不符。

①There’s _____ cooking oil left in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get _____? A. little; some B. little; any C. a little; some D. a little; any

【解析】答案为 A。因为在 Would you…? 等表示请求、劝请或建议之类的问句中,一般用 some;又由 后文“买些油”可知,家里“没有油”了,所以用 little。句意:家里没有油了,请你到附近的店子里买些 回来好吗? ②―Would you like _____, sir? ―No, thanks. I have had much. A. some more oranges B. any more oranges C. some more orange D. any more orange

【解析】答案为 A。由答语中的 much 可知,对话中的 orange 是指“桔子汁”而非“桔子”,是不可数名词, 没有复数形式,排除选项 A 和 B;在劝请的疑问名中用 some 不用 any,排除选项 D。

①I’m moving to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than _____ in the city. A. ones B. one C. that D. those

【解析】答案为 C。选项中只有 that 能替代不可数名词 the air。one 替代“a+单数可数名词”,表示泛 指。特指的 the one 相当于 that;the one 复数形式 the ones,在口语中也常用 those 代替;当后

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面有 of 短语时, 一般用 that 或 those, 当有前置修饰语时, 只能用 one(s), 如 the red one。 one(s), the one(s), those, that 都是替代“同类”事物,其中只有 that 可替代不可数名词。 ②We’ve been looking at houses but haven’t found _____we like yet. A. one B. ones C. it D. them

【解析】答案为 A。one =a house, 指我们喜欢的那一类房子。 ③Cars do cause us some health problems —in fact far more serious _____ than mobile phones do. A. one B. ones C. it D. those

【解析】答案为 B。 替代泛指的名词复数 problems,用 ones。those 是替代特的“the +复数名词”的。 ④My most famous relative of all, __________ who really left his mark on America, was Rob Sussel, my great-grandfather. A. one B. the one C. he D. someone

【解析】答案为 B。由语境可判断是特指,且作 My most famous relative of all 的同位语,用 the one。 ⑤—There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow —No, I’d rather buy A. it; one in the bookstore. B. one; one C. one; it D. it; it ?

【解析】答案为 A。it 指代前面的 a copy of the book,后面的意思是:我要到书店去买一本(不是特指哪 一本)。

①I think he’s just going to deal with this problem ______ day. A. next B. other C. following D. another

【解析】答案为 D。表示“改天”用 another day。但表示相对于过去或将来某天来说的“第二天”时, 用 the next day 或 the following day 都可以。 ②No progress was made in the trade talk as neither side would accept the conditions of _____. A. others B. the other C. either D. another

【解析】答案为 B。由 neither 可知,谈话双方都不同意对方的条件,这个“对方”是特指的另一方,所以 用 the other。 ③The manager believes prices will not rise by more than _____ four percent. A. any other B. the other C. another D. other

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【解析】答案为 C。题干上的意思应该是“价格不会再增长超过 4%”。any other “其他另外的”。 theother“两者中第二者”。another“另外,又”,放在数词前面。other 表示“另外”,和 more 一样,要放 在数字的后面。

①—One week’s time has been wasted. —I can’t believe we did all that work for _____. A. something B. nothing C. everything D. anything

【解析】答案为 B。因为 for nothing 是习语,意为“徒劳、没有好结果”、“免费”,句意是:我简直不敢 相信我们所做的一切都是徒劳的。 ②She doesn’t know anyone here. She has got ______to talk to. A. anyone B. someone C. everyone D. no one

【解析】答案为 D。因为“在这里,她谁都不认识”,所以“她没有人可以交谈”。no one = nobody = not…any one 没有一个人。 ③I made so many changes in my composition that only I could read it. To _____ else, it was hard to make out. A. none B. everyone C. someone D. anyone

【解析】答案为 D。意为除了我以外,“其他任何人(anyone else)”都很难懂。 ④—I’d like some more cheese. A. some —Sorry, there’s ______ left. B. none C. a little D. few

【解析】答案为 B。none 既可以修饰可数名词,表示“一个也不, 一个也没有”;也可以修饰不可数名词, 表示“一点也不,一点也没有”。在本题中指代不可数名词 cheese。本题的意思是:—我想 再来点奶酪。—抱歉,一点都没有了。A 项 some 表示“一些”,C 项 a little 表示“有一点”, 修饰不可数名词 D 项 few 表示“几乎没有”,修饰可数名词。

①If I can help_______, I don't like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them

【解析】答案为 C。if I can help it 意为“如果我有办法”,表示有办法做某事,或有办法控制某个局面。所 提供的情景 I don’t like working late into the night 说明如果有办法,不喜欢工作到深夜。 so 意为“这样”,常用于省略句中,代替上文中的动作。that 用于代替上文的内容。 ②I’d appreciate ____ if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. A. that
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B. it

C. this

D. you



【解析】答案为 B。it 指代用来泛泛地指某事,可用于如 I like/hate it, I appreciate it 等类似的句子。表示 喜欢/憎恨和赞赏某事。

①—Who called me this morning when I was out? —A man calling ______ Robert. A. him 【解析】答案为 B。 B. himself C. his D.不填

因为“call sb./oneself+某名”就是“叫某人/自称某名字”;句意是“一个自称罗

伯特的人”,用 himself。 ②Isn’t it amazing how the human body heals ____ after an injury? A. himself B. him C. itself D. it

【解析】答案为 C。itself 指代前面的 the human body。

①—He got his first book published. It turned out to be a bestseller. —When was _____? —_____ was in 2000 when he was still in college. A. that; This B. this; It C. it; This D. that; It

【解析】 答案为 D。 that 可以指代过去的情况,下句是强调句型的省略形式=it was in 2000 when he was still in college he got his first book published. ②—Could you tell me how to get to Victoria Street? —Victoria Street? ______ is where the Grand Theatre is. A. Such B. There C. That D. This

【解析】答案为 C。that 代替上下文提到的地方。 ③The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from ____ spoken in England. A. which B. what C. that D. the one

【解析】答案为 C。that 用来指代前面的名词 The English,以避免重复。题意是“美国英语现和英国英语只 有很微小的差别了。”在英语中,that 还常可以用来指代人口、天气、金钱等。如: The weather here is hotter than that in the north of the country. ④Little joy can equal ________ of a surprising ending when you read stories. A. that B. those C. any D. some

【解析】答案为 A。因为替代前面的不可数名词(little)joy,所以用 that,而不是 those。
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此外指示代词“this 和 that”还可以用作副词修饰形容词,相当于“so”。 ⑤Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always ______ much to do. A. such B. that C. more D. very

【解析】答案为 B。much 前用 so, 不用 such。口语中,常用 that 来代替 so。

1.For me traveling to Antarctica turned out to be the beginning of a new life,_____ I had thought I would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it

【答案与解析】C 句中 I had thought 是插入成分,one 代替 a new life。也可用关系代词 which,指代 a new life。 2.Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, ________at the other store. A. anyone B. the others C. that D. the ones

【答案与解析】D one 可以用来替代前面提到过的名词,以避免重复。如果它替代的名词是复数,则 用 ones。本题中它代替 refrigerators,因特指,故用 the ones。 3.—There must be a dozen pens in this house but I can never find one when I need it. —Be patient. ________ is sure to turn up. A. One B. It C. This D. That

【答案与解析】A 此处表示泛指,代替单数可数名词,故用 one。it 用来指代上文提到的同一个事物。 4.Using the programmes of the Olympic Ceremony we Chinese made ________ clear to the world that China has a long history and brilliant culture. A. this B. that C. it D. these

【答案与解析】 C it 作形式宾语。 分析句子结构可知, 本句的真正宾语为 that China has a long history and brilliant culture 这个从句,clear 为宾语补足语,前面需要一个形式宾语,所以选 C 项。 5.The man had expected to see all his relatives when in hospital, but ________ came to see him while many of his friends offered him their help. A. none B. no one C. someone D. anyone

【答案与解析】A “当他住院时,他期望看到所有的亲戚,但是没有一个亲戚来看他,而他的很多朋友 却来看他了。”由题意首先排除 C、D 项;B 项意为“没有人”,用在此与后句不符,毕竟他 的朋友们来了,故排除 B 项;A 项也意为“没有人”,但它有特定的范围:(none of)all his relatives,“他的亲戚中没有人来看他”。 6.—Do you allow smoking in the office?
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—No. ______ smoking here will be fined. A. Whoever B. Anyone

C. Nobody D. Someone

【答案与解析】B 空格后的 smoking 作定语,相当于 who smokes,所以只能用 anyone,语境为:任何 一个在这里吸烟的人都要被罚款。Anyone who smokes=Whoever smokes. 7.— What do you think of the furniture on exhibition? — Well, great! But I don’t think much of ____ you bought. A. the one B. it C. that D. which

【答案与解析】C 此处使用 that 替代不可数名词 furniture,其后为定语从句,省略了作宾语的关系代 词 which 或 that。注意 the one 用于替代特指意义的单数名词,不能替代不可数名词。 8.Those who put their money away in the bank know very well that interest rate could go ______. A. both ways B. all ways C. neither way D. either way

【答案与解析】 D 那些把钱存进银行里的人都知道利率可能增长也可能降低, 二者有其一, 所以选 either way。 9.My uncle promised to buy me a nice gift for my birthday, A. the one B. a one C. anything beyond my imagination. D. something

【答案与解析】D 作单数 birthday 的同位语,可以用 one 也可以用 something。句意为:叔叔答应为为 我买一件漂亮的生日礼物,超出我想象的东西。 10.Equipped with the latest facilities, today' s schools are quite different from ______ of the past. A. it B. those C. ones D. one

【答案与解析】B 代替的是同名但不是同一个内容的复数名词 schools,用 those。句意为:今天的学校 配备上了最新的教学设备,和过去的学校迥然不同了。 11.I would appreciate A. that B. this if you could teach me how to use the computer. C. it D. you

【答案与解析】C it 做形式宾语。appreciate 后面跟宾语从句时要用形式主语 it。类似的动词还有 like, hate 等。 12.The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase ______. A. them B. those C. it D. that

【答案与解析】C 这里指代的是上文的“The employment rate”,所以用代词 it。 13.Building a new school is one thing, while keeping it running smoothly is quite ______.
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A. the other B. another

C. neither D. others

【答案与解析】 B 句意为: 建一所新的新校是一回事, 而让它平稳地运作则是另一回事。 another 表示“另 一;又一”。 14. —Which of those electronic dictionaries do you like most ? —_______. They are both expensive and of little use. A. Both 【答案】D 【解析】考查不定代词。此题很容易选 C 项,受后面句中“both”的影响。事实上电子字典的数量我们 不知道,故用 none。实际上后句中的“both…and”是“not only…but also”的意思。 15.He thought ________ was wise to give up his job security and salary in an international information business to risk starting his own business. A. that B. which C. it D. what B. None C. Neither D. Nothing

【答案与解析】C 宾语从句省略了 that,从句中用 it 作形式主语。 16.—Do you remember to go to see a doctor tomorrow? —________. A. Got it B. Heard it C. Make it D. Taken it

【答案与解析】A 考查口语。A 项“明白了”;C 项“成功”。 17.—Which of the two books will you buy? —I will buy ________, for I’ve got some such books. A. both B. either C. neither D. none

【答案与解析】C 答者后半句说“因为我已经有一些这种书了”,可知前面为否定回答。对两者的否定用 neither。 18.—It is said that Jack is very rich and is always changing his private cars. What is he? —________, I am not sure. A. Somebody of a manager C. Anyone of a manager B. Something of a manager D. Anything of a manager

【答案与解析】B “类似经理之类的职业”。 19.Sometimes, money is tight and on other occasions time is tight; on________ occasion, a travel is out of the question. A. all B. any C. either D. every

【答案与解析】C 前面讲到两种情况,所以“无论在那一种情况下,旅行总成问题”。 20.I didn't want __________of the two notebooks and the salesman had to show me ______. A. either; another
第 13 页(共 14 页)

B. all; the others

C. both; others

D. neither; the others



【解析】根据语境可知这里表示两者都不要,I didn’t want either of ... =I wanted neither of ...。再取一个, 应为多范围中的另一个,泛指,即 another。

第 14 页(共 14 页)




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