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高中英语语法精讲精练 练习


高中英语语法精讲精练(一) 倒装句与强调结构
1._______ smoking, he would not have got cancer in the lung. A. Was he given up B. Had he given up C. Did he give up D. If he gave up 2. Only when he had done it _

______ that he had made a mistake. A. he then realized B. did he realize C. before D. he realized

3. Not until he got off the bus ______ that he had got his wallet stolen. A. he found B. did he find C. he had found D. had he found

4. Hardly ______ when it started raining. A. the game had begun B. the game began

C. did the game begin D. had the game begun 5. Nowhere else in the world _____ more friendly people than in China. A. you will find B. can you be able to find C. you may have found D. can you find

6. ______ did the students realize they were mistaken. A. It was until B. It was not until then C. Not until then D. Not until

7. Not only ______ a promise, but he also kept it. A. did he make B. he made C. had he made D. he had made

8. --- What happened to his new car? --- No sooner _______ it than someone ran into it. A. had he bought B. did he bought C. he bought D. he had bought

9. _______ from the top of the building when the policeman shot at him. A. Jumped down the murderer B. Down the murderer jumped D. Down jumped the murderer

C. The murderer jumped down 10. _______ lies Japan. A.

To the east of China B. East of China C. On the east of China D. In the east of China

11. ______ that we all went out, lying in the sun. A. C. The weather so fine was So the weather was fine B. So fine was the weather D. So was the fine weather

12. ______ are the days when women were looked down upon. A. Gone B. Go C. To go D. Going

13. Your brother promised to help me and ____________ the next day. A. neither he did and neither did you B. so he did and so did you D. so did he and so did you

C. neither did he and neither you did 14. _______ , he knew a lot of things. A. A child as he was C. A child was he 15. _______ as soon as the bell rang. A. Out the children rushed

B. Child as he was D. As child was he

B. Out did the children rush D. Out rushed the children

C. Rushed out the children A. If it didn’t nor don’t I care

16. _______ for your help, we would be in a very difficult position. B. Was it not C. Were it not D. Were not it --- I don’t know, _________.

17. --- Do you know Jim quarreled with his wife? A. B. nor do I care

C. I don’t care too. D. I don’t care also

18. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life ______ so happy.

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A. did I feel

B. I felt

C. I had felt

D. have I felt

19. _______ can you expect to get a pay rise. A. With hard work B. Although work hard D. Now that he worked hard

C. Only with hard work

20. Jack is a clever a student and he studies hard at English, ________.
A. It was the same with Mike B. So it is with Mike

C. So is Mike
A. did he leave 22. Now __________. C. does your turn come B. he left

D. So does Mike
C. he had left D. has he left B. your turn comes

21. In such a hurry _______ his office that he forgot to lock the door.

A. comes your turn D. your turn coming

23. Often ______ them not to smoke here. A. we advised B. advised we C. did we advise D. had we advised

24. _______ going to join the army. A. Not only are you but also I am B. Not only you but also I am D. Both you and I am

C. Not only you but also I are

25. Little ______ that the police are about to arrest him. A. he is known B. did he know C. does he know D. is he known

26. Was it ______ the professor regarded as the brightest ones? A. them which B. them who C. he who D. that that 27. Was it because it snowed last night ______ you didn’t come? A. when B. that C. so D. what

28. Why was it ______ he wanted the book he gave you? A. what B. that C. why D. how

29. It was _______ she was about to leave for work _____ the telephone rang. A. when, that B. so, that C. before, then D. when, before

30. It was ______ he said _____ disappointed me. A. what, that B. that , that C. what, what D. that, what

31. It was in the lab_____ was taken charge of by professor Black _____ they did the experiment. A. that, where B. which, that C. whom, that D. which, where

32. It was at the school _______ was named after a hero_____ he spent his childhood. A. which, that B. where , where C. that, where D. which, where

33. What color is it _______ you have painted your house? A. what B. where C. which D. that 34. I’ve already forgotten _____ you put the dictionary. A. that it was where B. where it was that C. where was it that D. that was it that

35. It was _______ that I found my books. A. where I had left them C. in the place that I had left them B. wherever D. in the place

36. It was in the village ______ now is a big city _______ the earthquake occurred. A. where , which B. which, where C. which, that D. that, where

37. It was _____ that caused him to serve dinner an hour later than usual. A. we being late C. we were too late B. our being late D. because we were late

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高中英语语法精讲精练(二) 定语从句
1.The reason, ______ he gave us, is unbelievable. A. that B. which C. why D. as 2. The way they talked ________ the problem seemed impossible. A. about settling B. to settle C. of settling D. about to settle 3. Delia’s going to join us, ______ was agreed the day before yesterday. A. that B. what C. which D. it

4. Is there a restaurant around _____ I can have something to eat? A. that B. what C. which D. where

5. The school _______ I studied ten years ago is ______ we visited yesterday. A. where, that B. that , which C. where, the one D. which, that

6. Edison made a lot of inventions, ______ of great importance. A. which I think are C. which I think they B. which I think they are D. I think which are

7. It might be I , who______ caused the accident, who_____ to answer for it. A. has, are B. have, are C. have, is D. have, am

8. Last week our maths teacher set so difficult an examination problem _____ none of us worked out. A. that B. which C. as D. so that 9. I’ll talk about a newly-opened market_____ you may get all _____ you need. A. in which, which B. where, that C. where, what D. which, that

10. Chinese is written in characters, ______ seems rather difficult to many westerners. A. that B. if C. which D. what

11. The Greens will move into the new house next Monday, ______ it will be completely finished. A. by the time B. by which time C. by that time D. by this time

12. ______ is mentioned above , the number of the students in senior high school is increasing. A. Which B. As C. That D. In

13. We had to delay the party till next week, _____ we would have nothing important to do. A. when B. which C. at which D. in that

14. We traveled together as far as Chicago, _____ we said goodbye to each other. A. which B. when C .why D. where 15. I’ll never forget the years______ I lived in the country with the farmers, _____ has a great effect on my life. A. that, which B. when, which C. which, that D. when, who 16. She may have missed her train, in _____ case she won’t arrive in another hour. A. what B. that C. which D. this 17. I’ll remember the time ______ we spent together in the country. A. that B. when C. during which D. at which

18. Will you please show me the way to the only tall building ______ stands near the post office? A. / B. in which C. that D. where

19. Alice has a large collection of photos, ______ were taken in London. A. none of them B. no one of which C. all of which D. neither of which 20. Next winter______ you’ll in Harbin, I’m sure, will be another exciting holiday. A. which B. when C. in which D. where

21. With the fast development of agriculture , the people _____ village I taught before have a happy life.

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A.

Who

B. whose

C. in whose C. it’s

D. in which

22. There is a mountain _______ the top is always covered with snow. A. whose B. of which D. that

23. I hope you will find this valley a beautiful place______ you may spend your weekend. A. which B. that C. when D. where

24. He has had the same life ______ his father lived. A. where B. as C. that D. when

25. The film brought the hours back to me _______ I was taken good care of in that faraway village . A. that B. until C. when D. where

26. Can you see a man and his horse______ are crossing the bridge? A. which B. who C. that D. they

27. He has strange ways _____ he can make his classes lively and interesting. A. in which B. which C. in that C. who’s D. as

28. The house ______ windows face the south, was used as a prison some years ago. A. that B. which D. whose

29. I will tell you ______ he told me lat week. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all

30. Is this factory ________ you visited last years. A. that B .where C. the one D. one

31. Which of the two sheep ______ you keep produces more milk? A. that B. which C. what D. they

32. Who is the person ________ is standing there? A. who B. which C. that D. whom

33. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ______ , of course, made the others unhappy. A. who B. which C. this D. what

34. _______ is known to everyone, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B .As C. That D. What 35. In the dark street there wasn’t a single person ______ she could turn for help. A. that B .who C. from which D. to whom

36. After living in Paris for fifty years, he returned to the small town _______ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C .that D .when

37. The young film star receives hundreds of letters a day, __ her parents both pleasure and worry. A. which brings B. that bring C. which bring D. that have brought

38. There were two small rooms in the house, ______ served as a kitchen A. the smaller of which C. the smaller of them B. the small of which D. the smaller one

39. He lives in a flat, _____ he can see _____ is happening in the street. A.there , what C.where, something B. from the window of which, which D. from whose window , all that

40. Children under sixteen are not permitted to see such films ______ bad for their mental development. A. as B. that are C. as are D. as they are

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三.分词与动名词
1.Most of the experts _______ to the party were from Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 2. _____ more attention, the trees could have grown better. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given

3. ______ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received

4.--- I usually go there by train. --- Why not _____ by ship for a change? A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going 5. “ Can’t you read?” Mary said ______ to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. and angrily pointing 6. We are certain that everything will go well as ________. A. to be planned B. planned C. being planned D. having been planned

7. The missing boys were last seen _____ near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play

8. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 9. She didn’t feel like ______ so he suggested ______ the day in the garden. A. working, spending B. to work, to spend C. working, to spend D. to work, spending A.

10. The first textbooks ______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 18th century. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written --- That’s all right.

11.--- Must I apologize for _____ ahead of time. A. letting you not know C. letting you know not

B. not letting you know D. letting not you know A.

12. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, ___ that he had enjoyed his stay here. having added B. to add C. adding D. added

13. _____ , I attend the meeting instead of him last Monday. A. He was ill B. His being ill C. Him being ill D. He being ill

14. ______ the meeting-room, he found all the parents already _______ there. A. To enter, sitting B. Stepping into, to seat C. Entering seated 15. _____ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lost D. Entering, seated

16. While _____, I heard somebody _____ at the door. A. read; knock B. reading; knocking C. read; knocked D. to read ; knocking 17. I didn’t know why they came to the party without______. A. invite B. inviting C. being invited D. to be invited

18. ______, teachers love the students who work hard. A. General spoken B. Honest speaking C. Generally speaking D. To speak generally

19. There was a ______ expression on his face at the _____ news. A. puzzling; puzzling B. puzzled; puzzled C. puzzled; puzzling D. puzzling; puzzled

20. China belongs to a _______ country. We should introduce ______ science and technology from the foreign countries. A. developing; advanced C. developing; advancing B. developed; advanced D. developed; advancing

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21. When you speak English, the most important thing is _____ yourself ______. A. to make; to understand C. to make; understood B. making; understanding D. to be made, understood

22. We walked as fast as we could _____ to catch the 9: 30 train. A. hoping B. hoped C. to hope D. being hoped

23. Look , the flowers need _______. A. being watered B. watering C. watered D. having watered

24. _____ to some one, a British person often shakes hands with the stranger. A. Introducing B. To introduce C. To be introduced D. On being introduced 25. Peter can’t attend the party _____ at Tom’s house at present because he is preparing for the speech at the party ______ at Mary’s house tomorrow. A. being held ; to be held B. to be held; held C. held; being held D. to be held; to be held 26. With the police _____ the way, we had no difficulty in finding the house. A. leading B. to lead C. to be leading D. led 27. The question ____ at yesterday’s meeting hasn’t been made _____ yet. A. discussing; known B. discussed, known C. being discussed; know D. to be discussed, know A. Considering everything C. Considered everything 29. Do you mind_____ alone at home? A. Jane leaving B. Jane having left C. Jane’s being left D. Jane to be left B. Considering anything D. Considered anything 28. ______, it wasn’t a bad holiday.

30. ---Car 17 won the race. --- Yes, but its driver came close to ________. A. having been killed B. have been killed C. be killed D. being killed

31. Tony was very unhappy for _______ to the party. having not been invited having not invited B. not having invited D. not having been invited

32. ______ in 1836, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding

33. A middle-aged woman came ______ to the bus stop only ____ the bus had gone. A. to run, finding B. running, to find C. and ran, found D. running, finding 34. --- What is wrong? --- I want to know why you didn’t do as______. A. to be told B. telling C. told D. told to

35. The policeman, _______ to read a newspaper, glanced at the man _____ next to a woman. A. pretending, seat B. pretending, seated C. pretended, seating D. pretended, seated

36. I remember _____ to their party, but I ______ the invitation in the office. A. being invited, have left B. inviting, was leaving D. to invite, forget1.---Both of us have cars, whom would you

C. to be invited, have forgotten rather______, John or me? A. have go B. have to go

C. to go

D. going

37. --- Shall we go swimming? --- OK, I’ll go and get _____. A. to change B. changing C. changed D. it changed

38.I forbid _____ here. Who has permitted you ______ here? A. smoke, smoke B. smoking, to smoke C. smoking, smoking D. to smoke, smoking

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四.动词不定式
1.---Both of us have cars, whom would you rather______, John or me? A. have go B. have to go C. to go D. going 2. I would love _____ to the party last night, but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone

3. When I returned, mother happened_____. A. to be cooking B. cooking C. to be cooked D. having cooked

4. --- I usually go there by train. --- Why not _____ by ship for a change? A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going

5. Charies Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computer. A. to have invented B. inventing C. to invent D. having invented

6. Rather than _____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers _____ a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding ; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride ; riding 7. Paul doesn’t have to be made ______ . He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning 8. We agreed _____ here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet. A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met

9. The patient was warned _____ oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating

10. The poor man with his two children ______ in the street corner. A. was seen beg B. were seen begging C. was seen begging D. were seen beg 11. Robert is said ______ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying

12.Mary was reading a novel, when Tom came in, she stopped _____ if she should do something for him. A. ask B. to ask C. asking D. asked

13. We can do anything we can ____ you catch up with the others. A. help B. to help C. helping D. helped

14. I have no choice but _______ your advice. A. accept B. to accept C. accepting D. accepted

15. The water is not fit _______. A. to drink B. to be drunk C. drunk D. drinking 16. I haven’t got a seat _______. A. to sit B. to sit on C. for sitting D. for sitting on 17. --- Where is George? He said he would meet me here at three o’clock. --- He seems _____ with Mr. Brown in the office. A. to talk B. to be talking C. to have talked D. talking 18. --- Did you get a job? --- No, I ______, but it’s no use. A. expected B. tried to C. managed D. planned

19. To know what is good and _____ are two different things. A. knowing what is wrong B. do what is right D. doing what is right

C. to do what is right

20. --- Why has Jack not come yet now? Anything wrong with him? --- He didn’t pass the test but he still _____.

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A. hopes so

B. hopes that

C. hopes to

D. hopes it

21. The houses ______ are for the teachers and the construction work will start soon. A. built B. to be built C. to built D. being built

22. Thirteen people were reported ______ in the coal mine accident. A. to have been killed B. having been killed C. having killed D. to be killed

23. His speech is well known and it is said ______ into several languages. A. to translate B. to be translated C. to have translated D. to have been translated

24. Our professor has just come back form abroad. He seems ______ his trip very much. A. to enjoy B. to have enjoyed C. to be enjoying D. to have been enjoying

25. Little Tom should love _____ to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 26. There isn’t any difference between the two. I really don’t know ______. A. what to choose B. which to choose C. to choose what D. to choose which

27. We must do whatever we can ______ those who are in trouble. A. to help B. help C. helping D. do help

28. The question ______ next week has something to do with our daily life. A. to be discussed B. to be discussing C. discussed D. being discussed

29. It is careless _____ the same mistake in your composition. A. for you to make B. for you making C. of you to make D. of you making 30. --- Why did you come to the concert to hear the pop singer you didn’t like? --- I should like _____, but my boyfriend insisted. A. having come B. coming C. to come D. not to have come

31. There seemed to be nothing else to do but ______ a doctor. A. to call on B. call for C. send for D. to send

32. --- What did you mean by saying that? --- I meant no harm. I only ________. A. meant helping B. want to help C. meant to help D. want helping

33. --- Have you any letters ______, sir? --- No, thanks. A. to type B. to be typed C. to be typing D. typed 34. He said that he hadn’t written the composition and that he had nothing ______. A. to write B. to write to C. to write about D. write

35. To go shopping on Sundays seems to my mother a rule_______. A. to never break B. never to be breaking C. never to be broken D. never to have broken

36. Tom ______ when they spoken ill of him. happened to be past happened passing by B. happened to be passing by D. happened to pass beside

37. He used to ______ in the city, but now he has got used to ______ in the countryside. A. live, live B. live, living C. living, live D. living, living

38. Almost everyone failed ______ the driving test on the first try. A. passing B. to have passed C. to pass D. in passing

39. Several of these washing machines are out of order and ______. A. need to be repairing B. require being repaired D. need to be repaired

C. want to repair

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五.情态动词
1.A computer _____ think for itself, it must be told what to do. A. can’t B. couldn’t C. may not D. might not 2. The bus ______ at six, but it arrived an hour later. A. should have arrived B. should arrive C. must arrive D. ought to arrive

3. English is a language that many people around the world _______ not speak perfectly but______ at least understand. A. would, might B. will, must C. might, could D. can, may

4. --- Now you can see how serious the situation is! ---Yes, we _______ something before it got to bad. A. had to do B. must to C. ought to have done D. must have done 5. Peter ______ come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet. A. must 6. --- Where is John? --- He _____ to the school library, I think. A. has been B. must have gone C. had been D. may have been B. may C. can D. will

7. --- Mary looks sad. Did you tell her about the accident? --- Yes, but I _____ her later. A. should have told C. must have told B. shouldn’t have told him D. ought not to have told

8. The line was busy, someone ______ the telephone. A. may have used B. may be using C. must have been using D. must be using 9. --- I didn’t go to work yesterday afternoon because my car broke down. -- You ______ mine. I wasn’t using it . A. might borrow C. must have borrowed B. could have borrowed D. ought to borrow

10. I wonder how he ______ that to his parents. A. dare to say B. dared say C. dares to say D. not dare say

11. Why did you throw the bottle out of the window? You ______ somebody. A. might hurt B. could have hurt C. would hurt D. must have hurt 12. --- We didn’t see him at the lecture. --- Neither did anybody else. He _____ it. A. may not have attended C. can’t have attended B. must have been absent D. couldn’t have been present

13. --- Be sure to get there on time,______ you? --- Of course, we _______. A. will, will A. can’t B. won’t , shall B. mustn’t C. don’t do C. needn’t D. can, must

14. You ____ return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like. D. may not 15. --- Need he call you up at six o’clock? --- Yes, he________. A. need B. must C. has to D. may 16. --- You ______ come in now, Mary! It’s getting cold. --- I _____ go on playing in the garden.

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A. had better, had better B. had better, would rather A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t

B. would rather ,had better D. had better, would have rather

17. I tried to persuade him not to smoke, but he ______ listen to me. C. had better not D. used to

18. If the driver had been careful, the accident ______. A. could have been avoided C. could be avoided 19. ---Could I borrow your dictionary? --- Yes, of course you_______. A. might B. will C. can D. should B. could have avoided D. would avoid

20. All that ______ must be done. A. should be done B. has been done C. was done D. is done 21. It’s nearly seven o’clock, Jack _____ be here at any moment. A. must B. need C. should D. can

22. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ________ for her. A. had to write it out C. should have written it out 23. --- What ______ it be? A. must, mustn’t, can B. must have written it out D. ought to write it out C. can, can’t, must D. can, mustn’t, must

--- It ______ be a car, for it is not moving. It _____ be a house. B. can, can, must

24. He ________ harder when he was young. A. had better study 25. _____ you be happy! A. mustn’t hurry B. must study A. May C. should have studied D. should study B. Can C. Must D. Would

26. It’s still early, you ________ . B. wouldn’t hurry C. may not hurry D. don’t have to hurry 27. --- You are making me very nervous. Don’t you think you ______ slow down a bit? --- Oh, I am sorry. I didn’t realize I was going so fast. A. shall A. can’t have told B. may C. could D. might 28. The boss _____ the worker how to do it, or the accident couldn’t have happened. B. ought to tell C. could have told D. mustn’t have told

29. --- Shall I go and buy two more bottles of beer? --- No, I’ve already bought twenty. That______ be enough for us two. A. can B. may C. ought to D. might

30. --- How about going at four this afternoon? A. would B. could

--- OK, that ______ be a good time for me. D. should

C. might

31. My parents never remember my telephone number, they always _______ look it up. A. must B. can C. need D. have to

32. The thief _____ in from the kitchen window as all the other windows and door were closed. A. may climb B. must have climbed C. could have climbed D. should have climbed

33.--- When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. --- They _____ be ready be 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need

34. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone ______ get out. A. had to B. would C. was able to D. could

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六.虚拟语气
1.My uncle ____ very rich but he ______ little for money in his whole life. A. would be, had cared C. had been, would cared B. would have been, had cared D. could have been, cared

2. --- The taxi took me an hour to get to the hotel. ---I ______ you at the airport, but I ______ you were coming today. A. should have met, hadn’t known C. would meet, didn’t know A. Had, listened to, wouldn’t be B. would have met, didn’t know D. would have met, hadn’t known B. Should , follow, wouldn’t have been

3. You didn’t take my advice. ______ you____ me, you _____in such trouble now. C. Hadn’t, listened to, would have been D. Were, following, wouldn’t be 4. The leader ordered that the soldiers _____ to the front at once. A. sent B. should send C. be sent D. should be taken 5. It’s necessary that each child _____ the rules. A. must obey B. will obey C. obey D. obeys 6. --- Why didn’t you go to the park with us? --- If I _____ so busy, I ______. A. hadn’t been, would have C. hadn’t been, had had B. wouldn’t have been, had D. shouldn’t be, have had

7.We _____ very delighted if each middle school ____ an English Corner once a week. A. will be, has had B. were, had C. are , has D. would be, had

8. He talked as if he ______ all about it before. A. knew B. knows C. would know D. had known

9. But for the rain, we ______ earlier. A. arrived B. had arrived C. have arrived D. would have arrived

10. If my lawyer ______ here last Saturday, he ______ me from going. A. had been, would have prevented C. were, would prevent B. had been, would prevent

D. were, would have prevented

11. The school requires that the students______ at the school at seven o’clock every morning. A. are B. be C. will be D. have been 12. I wouldn’t have been so rude about his new book_____ that he was the author. A. did I know B. if I knew C. had I known D. having been known

13. If you _____ tomorrow, he would find Mr. Wang in the office. A. come B. will come C. should come D. came

14. I wish I ______ to the football match last night. A. would go B. must have gone C. had gone B. live D. should have gone D. should live

15. Long ______ the Party! A. lives

C. will live

16. It’s time that you_______ home and I’d rather you _______ again tomorrow. A. would go, would come B. went, came C. go, are coming D. are going , will come A. shouldn’t agree B. wouldn’t agree B. wouldn’t speak C. hadn’t agreed C. shouldn’t D. didn’t agree D. hadn’t spoken

17. His silence at the meeting suggested that he_______ to your plan. 18. She insisted that she ______ ill of him behind him, but he didn’t believe. A. not speak

11

19. He didn’t come yesterday or you ______ him. A. had seen B. might have seen C. were to see D. would see

20. --- If he _____, he _____ that food. --- Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned, would not take B. would be warned, had not taken A. drove, didn’t get C. were driving, wouldn’t get B. had been warned, would not have taken D. would have been warned, had not taken B. drove, wouldn’t get D. had driven, wouldn’t have got

21. You didn’t let me drive, if we _____ in turn, you _____ so tired.

22. I was ill that day, otherwise I ______ the sports meet. A. would have taken part in C. had taken part in B. took part in D. would take part in

23. _______ the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily. A. Had it not been for B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D. Were it not for C. wouldn’t pass

24. Without your help. I ______ the exam last term. A. failed in B. would have failed D. would fail

25. My suggestion is that the meeting _____ off till next week. A. be put B. put C. should put D. had been put

26. He talked as if he _______ all the work himself, but in fact Tom and I did most of it. A. had done B. did C. would do D. has done 27. Isn’t it strange that the lazy boy ______ pass the exam? A. should B. has C. might D. would

28. The old professor gave orders that the experiment ________ before six. A. was finished B. will finish C. be finished D. shall be finished 29. If only I ______ to my teacher’s advice! A. listening B. listen C. am listening D. had listened

30. _______ you succeed and ______ you healthy. A. May, wish B. Wish, wish C. Hope, hope D. Should, may

31. We ______ the manager, but no one _______ his telephone number. A. could have called, knew C. could call, had known B. could have called, had known D. could call, knew

32. Supposing the weather ______ bad, where would they go? A. will be B. is C. were D. be

33. If you had gone to a doctor, you ______ all right now. A. are B. were C. would have been D. would be

34. ---Do you work in the lab every afternoon? --- No, but sometimes. I wish I ________. A. had time to B. had time C. have time to D. have time

35. I _______ to stay there for one more week, but I changed my mind. A. would have hoped B. was hoping C. had hoped D. hoped

36. --- Have you visited the Science Museum? --- No, but I really wish I _____. A. had B. did C. have D. will

37. Our former maths teacher died of cancer last month, otherwise he _______. A. would still be working B. would still have worked C. should still work D. will still work

12

七.时态与语态
1.Shirley ________ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it. A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing 2. --- Hi, Tracy, you look tired. --- I am tired, I _______ the living room all day. A. painted B. had painted C. have been painting D. have painted

3. --- Who is Jerry Cooper? --- _______? I saw you shaking hands with him at the meeting. A. Don’t you meet him yet C. Didn’t you meet him yet B. Hadn’t you met him yet D. Haven’t you met him yet

4. I first met Lisa three years ago. She ______ at a radio shop at the time. A. has worked B. was working C. had been working D. had worked

5. --- Is this raincoat yours? --- No, mine _____ there behind the door. A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung

6. Helen _____ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband _______. A. has left , comes B. left, had come C. had left, came D. had left, would come

7. --- _____ my glasses? --- Yes, I saw them on your bed a minute ago. A. Do you see A. I’ve been told B. Had you seen B. I’ve told C. would you see D. Have you seen C. I’m told

8. --- ____ the sports meet might be put off. --- Yes, it all depends on the weather. D. I told

9. As she _____ the newspapers, Granny ______ asleep. A. read, was falling B. was reading, fell C. was reading, was falling D. read, fell 10. You don’t need to describe her . I _____ her several times. A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet

11. I need one more stamp before my collection _______. A. has completed B. completes C. had been completed D. is completed

12. --- I am sorry to keep you waiting. --- Oh, not at all. I ______ here only a few minutes. A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be 13.I don’t work here, I _____ until the new secretary arrives. A. just help out B. have just helped out C. am just helping out D. will just help out

14. --- Can I join your club, Dad? --- You can when you _____ a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got

15. In some parts of the world, tea _____ with milk and sugar. A. is serving ---It’s 9568442. A. didn’t B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t 17. --- Did you write to Grace last summer? --- No, but I’ll _____ her over Christmas vacation. A. be seen B. be seeing C. have seen D. have been seeing B. is served C. serves D. served

16. --- You phone number again? I _____ quite catch it.

18. --- Was your stay pleasant while you were in Shanghai last week? ---No, it _______ for four days, so we had to stay at the hotel. A. was raining B. had been raining C. would be raining D. has been raining

19. No permission ______ for anybody to enter the building. A. has been given B. has given C. has to give D. has to be given

13

20. Judging from what he said, he seemed to _______ it before. A. tell about B. be told of C. have told about D. have been told about

21. She told me that a meeting ____in her office in half an hour. A. was held B. would hold C. was to hold D. was to be held

22. If the city noises _____ from increasing , people ______ shout to be heard at the dinner table 20 years from now. A. are not kept, will have to C. do not keep, will have to B. are not kept , have to D. do not keep, have to

23. --- We would have walked to the station, it was so near. --- Yes. A taxi _____ at all necessary. A. wasn’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. won’t be

24. The police found that the house ______ and a lot of things ______. A. has broken into, has been stolen C. has been stolen , stolen B. had broken into, had been stolen D. had been broken into, stolen

25. The teacher told his students that light ______ faster than sound. A. has traveled B. traveled C. travels D. is traveling 26. Don’t get off the bus until it______. A. stops B. has stopped C. stop D. will stop

27. He ____ in Shanghai for two days last month. A. stays B. has stayed C. is staying D. stayed

28. No sooner ______ the classroom _____ the bell rang. A. I had entered, than C. had I entered, when B. had I entered, than D. I have entered, when

29. I don’t think Jim saw me, he _____ into space. A. just stared C. has just stared B. was just staring D. had just stared

30.Tom ______ into the house when no one _____. A. slipped, was looking C. slipped, had looked B. had slipped, looked D. was slipping, looked

31. The students _____ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ______ in the office. A. had written, left B. had written, had left B. were writing , has left D. were writing, had left

32. When I was at college I _____ three languages, but I ______ all except a few words of each. A. spoke, had forgotten C. had spoken, had forgotten 33. --- Have you moved into the new house? --- Not yet, the rooms______. A. are being painted A. has lost, don’t find C. has lost, haven’t found B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting B. spoke, have forgotten D. had spoken, have forgotten

34. My dictionary _____. I have looked for it everywhere, but still _____ it. B. is missing , don’t find D. is missing, haven’t found

35. --- When _____ again? --- When he _______, I’ll let you know. A. he comes, come C. he comes, will come B. will he come, will come D. will he come, comes

14

八.名词性从句和状语从句
1.Father asked _________. A. what the wrong was with me C. what’s the matter with me B. what the matte was with me D. what was the matter with me

2. The town is no longer _______ it was ten years ago. A. when B. what C. that D. which

3. ______ was known to all that William had broken his promise ______ he would give her a rise. A. As, which B. What, that C. It, that D. It, which

4. This old computer must have been of great use to _______ did the scientific research. A. those B. when C. whoever D. whomever

5. --- Poor Tom! He will have to work all the coming month round. --- Luckily _______ the basketball games are held. A. except B. except for C. except when D. except that

6. Although most of them have no doubt ______ he will pass the exam, I still think there is something about ______ he has really got everything ready. A. whether, that B. that, whether C. that, that D. whether, whether

7. _______ surprised me most was that _____ he was too late for the important meeting, for he was chairman of it. A. What, why B. That, how C. What, how D. That, why

8. They decided to turn to _______ can help them out of difficulty. A. who B. whoever C. anyone D. someone 9. _____we can’t get seems better than ______ we have. A. What, what B. What, that C. That, that D. That, what

10. ______ they won the game was _____ we had expected. A. That, which B. Whether, that C. What, that D. That, what

11. --- I saw your neighbor break your window with a stone. --- ________ it made me really mad. A. That he broke B. What he broke C. He broke D. His break

12. ______ he will go to work in a mountain village surprises all of us. A. What B. That C. Whether D. If

13. She is pleased with ______ you have given him and _____ you have told him. A. that, that B. which, which C. what, all what D. what, all that 14. The reason ______ she couldn’t come to meeting was______ she had not been invited. A. why, that B. why, because C. because, which D. because, that 15. In some countries, ______ is called “equality” does not really mean equal rights for all people. A. which B. that C. what D. one

16. You may leave the classroom when you _______ writing. A. will finish B. are finishing C. have finished D. had finished

17. _______ a long time since I saw you last time. A. There is B. It is C. There are D. For

18. Premier Zhou Enlai worked many hours a day, _____ he became seriously ill. A. but B. even if C. that D. if

19. Dr. Bethune began to work _______ he arrived at the front.

15

A. the moment

B. by the time

C. hardly when

D. at the moment

20. ---Is Mrs. White in the office? ---Yes, ______ she is on duty, she must be there today. A. since B. until C. while D. if

21. --- What are you going to do this afternoon? --- I’ll probably go for a walk later on_______ it stays fine. A. as far as B. so long as C. even if D. as if

22. The day must be breaking, _________ the birds have begun singing. A. because B. as C. for D. since

23. The class went on with the story ______ they had left it before A. where B. which C. in which D. when

24. Would you like to have a break _______ shall we go on with the work? A. and B. then C. therefore D. or

25. _____ others say, the professor is sure that his theory is correct. A. No matter B. It doesn’t matter C. Whatever D. What

26. The roof fell _______ he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. A. before B. as C. after D. until

27._________, his wife will stand at the gate to wait for him to come back. A. However he is late C. However late he is B. However is he late D. However late is he

28. ______ you understand this rule, you will have no further difficulty. A. While B. Once C. Though D. Unless

29. We called the First-Aid Center ______ the traffic accident happened. A. immediately B. shortly C. quickly D. hurriedly

30. ______ , it was finished in time. A. As was the work difficult C. Difficult as the work was 31. ________ telephones, tell him I’m out. A. Anyone B. Whoever C. Who D. No matter whoever B. Difficult as was the work D. As the work was difficult

32. I had worked here __________ you came here. But I shall leave for England ________. A. before long, before long B. before long, long before D. long before, long before

C. long before, before long

33. I won’t give you any help______ you tell me the true. It’s none of my business. A. unless B. since C. if D. even if

34. Such an instructive film ______ everyone is eager to get a ticket for it. A. is it that B. that is C. for fear that D. because

35. They had sailed westwards for three days_________ they saw a small island. A. until B. as C. because D. before 36. He picked up the phone and waited. It was _______ he recognized his father’s voice_____. A. until, did he answer B. not until, before he answered B. not until, that he answered D. before, that he answered

37. Old ______ he is, he is full of energy. He dares to compete with a young man. A. although B. even though C. however D. as

16

九.冠词和名词
1.---The news is spreading from mouth to mouth. --- Yes, it’s become ______ talk of _____ town. A. a, a B. the, / C. the, the D. a, /

2. --- Have you seen _____ pen? --- Is it_____ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. A. a, the B. the, the C. the, a D. a, a

3. Many people agree that ______ knowledge of English is a must in ______ international trade today. A. a, / B. the, an C. the, the D. /, the 4. ---- I’d like ______ information about the management of your hotel, please. ---Well, you could have _______ word with the manager. He might be helpful. A. some, a B. an, some C. some, some D. an, a

5. She is _____ new comer to ______ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the, the B. the, / C. a, / D. a, the

6. Many people are still in ______ habit of writing silly things in _____ public places. A. the, the B. /, / C. the, / D. /, the

7. Alexander Graham Bell invented _______ telephone in 1876. A. /, B. a C. the D. one

8. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano while Henry is interested in listening to _____ music. A. the, / B. /, the C. /, / D. the, the 9. I’m going to learn _______ second language in _______ second grade. A. the, / B. a, the C. /, the D. the, the

10. Pay attention to ______ road sign while driving in _____ foreign country. A. a, a B. the, the C. the, a D. a, the

11. ______ big swimming pool in our school was completed in ______ May of 2002, not in___ April, 2003. A. A, /, / B. The, the, / C. A, the, / D. The, /, /

12. Apples usually sold by _____ weight, and eggs are sometimes sold by _____ dozen. A. the, the B. /,a C. /,the D. the, a

13. He has _______ great interest in history, especially in ______ history of Tang Dynasty. A. a, the B. a, / C. /, the D. /, a

14.They have their reasons for keeping their marriage ______ secret for ______ moment. A. the, a B. the, the C. a, the D. a, a

15. Historically, ________ main material for making tables has been wood, but______ metal and stone have also been used. A. the, / B. /, / C. the, the D. /, the

16. --- Fighting will begin again between America and Iraq. --- Wouldn’t it be ______ peaceful world if all nations lived in ________ peace with one another? the, / C. a, the D. /, / A. a, / B.

17. ---How is the baby? --- She’s in _______ bed with ______ cold. A. / , the B. /, a C. a, a D. the, the 18. I go to work very early. I don’t usually have ____ breakfast, but I always eat ____good supper. A. /, a B. / , / C. the, / D. /, the

17

19. --- We spent all our money because we had bought ______ dearest TV. --- Why didn’t you buy _____ cheapest one? A. the, a B. a, a C. the, the D. a, the 20. ---What’s _______ population of your hometown? --- I think it has______ population of at 2,000,000. A. a, the B. the, a C. the, / D. /, the

21. You cannot let the situation get worse. You must take_______ to put it right. A. steps B. sides C. decisions D. directions 22. I’ll look into the matte as soon as possible. Just a little ______. A. wait B. time C. patience D. rest

23. The policeman is offering a ______ to anyone who can give information about the lost children. A. price B. prize C. reward D. money

24. They caught his cheating, So there is no _____ of his passing the exam. A. ability B. possibility C. reality D. necessity 25. I couldn’t find ______, and so I took this one. A. a large enough coat C. a large coat enough 26. He dropped the ______ and broke it. A. cup of coffee B. coffee’s cup C. cup of coffee D. coffee cup B. an enough large coat D. a coat enough large

27. We have worked out the plan and how we must put it into ______ . A. fact B. reality C. practice D. deed

28. If by any chance someone comes to see me, as k them to leave a _______. A. message B. letter C. sentence D. notice

29. As a writer, he succeeded in calling ______ to many of the terrible wrong that existed at that time. A. interest B. attention C. notice _____ of famous writers. C. wealths, work D. wealth, works D. strength

30. He gained his _____ by printing A. wealth, work

B. wealths, works

31. Here is my card. Let’s keep in _______. A. touch B. relation C. connection C. two day’s D. friendship

32. Mother is ill, so I have to ask for _______ leave A. two-days’ B. two-day D. two-days

33. Tom and drove sports cars of a _______. A. piece B. sort C. kind D. type

34. Mr. John said that he had no _______ of direction living in a big city for so many years. A. feeling B. effect C. idea D. sense 35. When you go out, will you get me a _____ of today’s China Daily? A. piece B. copy C. sheet D. paper

36. Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of ______. A. energy B. source C. power D. material

37. The house was sold for $60,000, which was far more than its real _______. A. cost B. price C. value D. money

18

十.代词,形容词和副词
1.I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with ______. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing 2. --- Have you finished your report yet? --- No, I’ll finish it in ________ ten minutes. A. another B. other C. more D. less

3. --- When shall we meet again? --- Make it _____ day you like, it’s all the same to me. A. one B. any C. another D. some 4. Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew it _______. A. themselves 5. ---- Is ______ here? ---No, Bob and Tom have asked for leave. A. anybody B. everybody C. somebody D. nobody B. oneself C. itself D. himself

6. Mr. Zhang gave the textbooks to all the pupils except ______ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 7. We couldn’t eat in a restaurant because _______ of us had _____ money on us. A. all, no B. any, no C. none, any D. no one, any

8. There is a line of trees on _____ side of the street. A. any B. both C. every D. each

9. I have _____ to give you. I have given away______ . A. everything, anything B. something, everything ---No, I’ve never seen her. A. what does his wife look like C. how does his wife like 11. I know next to ________ about literature. A. something B. nothing C. that D. anything B. what his wife looks like D. how his wife is like B. anything, nothing D. nothing, everything

10. ---Do you know ______?

12. --- The disease he suffers is not easy to cure. --- I know, but is he ______ better? A. much B. any C. rather D. little 13. It’s a ______ difficult question, so it’s _______ impossible for me to answer it. A. too, quite B. so, fairly C. rather, quite D. very, rather

14. ---What do you think of the book? ---Oh, I’ve never read________. A. a better one B. a good one C. the best one D. the better one

15. --- Are you satisfied with her answer? --- Not at all, It couldn’t have been ________. A. worse B. badly C. better D. the worst

16. _________, the worse I seem to be. A. When I take more medicine C. Taking more of the medicine B. The more medicine I take D. More medicine taken

19

17. ---- Why won’t Dick drive us to the station? --- He’s got ______ to take us all. A. too small a car B. very small a car C. a too small car D. such a small car

18. The _____ thought of that terrible meal makes me feel sick. A. same B. just C. only D. very

19. I wonder why he bought______ coat. A. one such black old B. such one black old C. one such old black D. such one old black --- That’s ______ kind of you. A. more B. most C. much D. the most 20. --- I’ll try my best to get a ticket for you.

21. Do you know the name of that _______ bird? A. funny little red B. little funny red C. funny red little D. little red funny

22. --- Do you regret paying 15 dollars for his dictionary? ---No, I would gladly pay ______ for it. A. twice as much B. twice such much C. twice as many D. twice so many 23. --- Is there anything else in today’s newspaper? ---Oh, there is_______. A. else nothing special B. special nothing else D. nothing special else

C. nothing else special

24. The flowers in the garden look _______ and smell ________. A. wonderful, sweet B. nice, badly C. beautiful, better D. good, well

25. Do you enjoy listening to records? I found records are often ______ --- or better than an actual performance. A. as good as B. as good C. as well as D. good as

26. Although he was disabled when he was only ten years of age, yet he aimed_______ for which his classmates spoke ______ of him. A. high, high B. highly, highly C. highly, high D. high, highly

27.If there were no examinations, we should have __________at school. A. the happiest B. a more happier time C. much happiest D. a much happier time

28.China has a _______ population than ______ country. A. large, any B. larger, all other C. larger, any other D. larger, other

29. I had thought he would be _______after twenty minutes, but when I came in, he was still _______. A. quite asleep, quite awake, B. fast asleep, wide awake D. too sleepy, too awake

C. sound asleep, deep awake 30. The sports shoes are ______ for me. A. too a little small

B. a little small too C. too small a little D. a little too small

31. How did it take _____ time in building the house with ______ workers? A. less, fewer B. fewer, less D. a little, a bit of

C. the fewest, the least

32. The teacher wondered why ________ many students had made _______ careless mistakes. A. so, so B. so, such C. such, so D. such, such

33. There are ______ books in our library than in your library. A. many more B. more many C. much more D. more much

20


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