大庆实验中学 16-17 学年度高二上学期开学考试
英 语 试 题
说明:本试卷满分 150 分 时间 120 分钟 第一卷（共三部分 115 分） 第一部分 听力题： （ 共两节 20 小题，每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 第一节： （共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A, B,
C, 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷相应的位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the little girl? A. The woman’s sister. B. The woman’s niece. C. The woman’s daughter
2. When should the man hand in the report at the latest? A. At 2:00. B. At 3:00. C. At 4:00.
3. What does the man want the woman to do? A. Repair his computer. B. Call Sam for help. C. Tell him a phone number.
4. Where does the conversation take place? A. In a restaurant. B. In a hotel. C. In an office.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A film. B. An actor. C. A book.
第二节： （ 共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What will the woman do on the 21st? A. Go to the coast B. Work long hours C. Receive some training
7. What does the man think of the voluntary work? A. Tiring. B. Relaxing. C. Meaningful.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。
8. Why isn’t the woman interested in Florida? A. There are too many tourists in summer. B. There are not many things to do there. C. It’s hard to book a hotel there. 9. What does the woman decide to do in the end? A. Call the man later. B. Talk with her friend. C. Go to Sardinia for holiday.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What is the man trying to do? A. Apply（申请） for a job. B. Find a person. 11. Where does Mr. Johnson work? A. On a ship. 12. Where is the goods house? A. Next to a blue building. B. Opposite the loading area. C. Behind the parking lot. B. In the goods house. C. At the loading area. C. Fill out some paperwork.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What are the speakers mainly discussing? A. How to make friends. B. How to improve studies. C. How to join a sports team.
14. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Schoolmates. C. Sister and brother.
15. What sports team is the man on? A. Basketball. B. Football. C. Baseball.
16. What will the woman probably do? A. Sign up at the sports center. B. Study with the man. C. Join a study group. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How did the speaker deal with his pocket money? A. He saved most of them. B. He spent half on sweets. C. He gave some to his brother. 18. What was Mrs. Barlett’s attitude toward children?
A. Patient. 19. What did Bernard buy? A. Sweets.
20. How did Bernard finally get sweets? A. By begging the speaker. B. By complaining to Mum. C. By stealing the speaker ’s. 第二部分：阅读理解 (共两节，40 分) 第一节：（共 15 小题，每题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Visiting Joshua Tree National Park, California Joshua Tree National Park is nearly 800,000 acres (英亩) large and surrounds parts of the Mojave and Colorado Deserts in South-central California. Although barren at first sight, the park is full of wildlife and provides a variety of entertainment activities from hiking to climbing. Within a three-hour drive, Joshua Tree National Park takes at least a full day to visit. Things to do ? Hiking opportunities within the park include several choices, from 12 self-guided nature routines to all-day back-country hikes. ? ? Joshua Tree NP has nine camping grounds, and back-country camping is also allowed. Rock climbing is a popular activity in the park, which has 10 mountains greater than 5, 000 feet in height. When to visit Joshua Tree NP is open 365 days a year, although the best time to visit is October through April, when temperature is milder. The peak season is when the wild flowers bloom, and the summer months are the least crowded. What to bring In addition to your camera and telescope, be sure to carry lots of water. Park and guiding maps can be picked up at any of the three visitor centers. Fees
Parking fees: You can buy a seven-day vehicle permit (周票) for $ 15, a single entry permit for $ 5, or Joshua Tree National Park annual (每年的) pass for $ 60.
Camping fees: They vary by camping ground
21. The underlined word ―barren‖ in the first paragraph can be replaced by‖________‖. A. rich B. deserted C. useless D. beautiful
22. When is the best time to visit Joshua Tree NP? A. September B. May C. June D. March
23. If one goes to Joshua Tree NP by car and stays there for 9 days, how much at least one should pay for the parking fees? A. $ 60 B. $ 25 C. $ 15 D. $ 30
24. What can be inferred from the text? A. There are guides for nature trails. B. Tourists can easily visit the whole park within a day. C. The camping fees at the nine camping grounds are different. D. Tourists must take park and trail maps with them when they visit the park B ―We are good mothers,‖ I said to my friend, as we sat on our comfortable beach chairs under our beach umbrella and watched our children playing in the waves. Out of nowhere, the children took off running. About fifty yards from us, a man—maybe in his fifties—was fishing. The children stood next to him and watched with their little mouths hanging open as he cast the fishing lines. He smiled at them. They ran back to us—all except my three-year-old daughter, Drew. My heart beat fast with horror. ―Drew! Come here! Play with your friends!‖ I shouted, very aware that my speeches about not talking to strangers weren’t working. It seemed that many parents heard of horrible stories about children being taken away by strangers. Responsible mothers should teach their children that the world is a dangerous place. So I felt relieved (松口气) when Drew ran towards me and took hold of a shovel (铲子). Then she looked me in the eye: ―I want to be with the person.‖ Again, she approached the middle-aged man, and started digging next to him. Several seconds later, she returned, waving something shiny. ―Look, Mommy! A toy fish!‖
It was, indeed, a toy fish—yellow and rubber. This must have been what he was using to attract the fish. And he’d given it to Drew. The three other children were deeply impressed, and they didn’t try to hide how jealous(妒忌的)they were—clearly, they all wanted the fish. ―My friend gave me that fish!‖ Drew shouted loudly. The sand in front of the umbrella turned into a preschool cage match with a yellow rubber fish flying through the air. I felt like I might cry myself. Unexpectedly, there he was: the man, standing right next to us with three more rubber fish in hand. He handed them to each of the children. By their faces, you would have thought he was actually the really kind big brother. ―Thank you,‖ I said, realizing that there is good and kindness in strangers. 25. How did the author feel when Drew stood beside the man? A. Relieved B. Angry C. Concerned D. Calm
26. The author thinks good mothers should _______. A. be around their kids C. teach their kids to behave well B. warn their kids of danger D. devote themselves to helping their kids
27. The author was at a loss （迷茫）when_______. A. Drew handed her the toy fish C. the toy fish was covered with sand 28. What would be the best title for the text? A. Give a kid a fish C. The world is dangerous B. We are good mothers D. Teach kids to be kind C Those who are used to looking through thousands of books in big bookstores may find Japan’s Morioka Shoten a little strange. That’s because this tiny bookstore that is located in Ginza, Tokyo sells only a single book at a time. Opened in May 2015, Morioka Shoten is the brainchild of Yoshiyuki Morioka. The experienced bookseller began his career as a bookstore clerk in Tokyo’s Kanda district before branching out to open his own store. It was here while organizing book readings that he realized that customers usually came into the store with one title in mind. Morioka began to wonder if a store could exist by selling many copies of just one single book. In November 2014, he partnered with his two friends, to establish a unique bookstore with the idea of ―A Single Room, A Single Book.‖ B. the kids fought for the toy fish D. the stranger appeared from nowhere
Like its offering, the bookstore is simple. The selections that are picked by Morioka change weekly and vary widely to attract customers with different interests. Recent choices include The True Deceiver, an award-winning Swedish novel by Tove Jansson, Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairy Tales, and a collection of artist Karl Blossfeldt’s photography of plants. Morioka has also chosen books written by famous Japanese authors Mimei Ogawa and Akito Akagi. To highlight his only offering, Morioka often uses clever methods. For example，when selling a book about flowers, he decorated his shop with the ones that had been mentioned in the book. He also encourages authors to hold talks and discussions so they can connect with customers. Morioka says his goal is for the customers to experience being inside a book, not just a bookstore! Risky as the idea might seem, things appear to be going well. Morioka says he has sold over 2,100 books since he opened it. Things can get better considering that (考虑到) his bookstore is becoming increasingly popular not just among the locals but also visitors from other countries. 29. What inspired Morioka to open such a bookstore? A. A Swedish novel C. A bookstore clerk 30. Why is Morioka Shoten unique? A. It is popular with foreigners . C. It is decorated with colorful flowers. B. It sells books of different topics. D. It sells various copies of a book in a week. B. His present partner D. His working experience
31. Why does Morioka encourage authors to hold talks? A. To introduce his bookstore. C. To make books better understood. B. To advocate（倡导） his philosophy. D. To help readers connect with each other.
32. What’s the author’s opinion about the bookstore’s future? A. Risky B. Optimistic D For most caffeine(咖啡因)consumers, its main benefit is that it helps you get more done. This is what makes it unusual, says Stephen Braun, author of Buzz: The Science and Lore of Alcohol and Caffeine. ―Its appeal is that it helps us earn more money,‖ he adds. ―What makes it different from other drugs is that it’s used as a productivity tool –– not for pleasure.‖ Many of history’s creative minds have also been connected with a large amount of caffeine consumption (消耗). C. Unpredictable D. Hopeless
According to one biographer, the French novelist and playwright Balzac drank as many as 50 cups of coffee a day. ―Were it not for coffee one could not write, which is to say one could not live,‖ he once insisted. For seven years, the film-maker David Lynch ate at the same Los Angeles diner every day, drinking up to seven sweetened cups of coffee ―with lots of sugar‖ in one sitting, which he said would guarantee that ―lots of ideas‖ arrived. Ludwig van Beethoven was said to have painstakingly counted out exactly 60 coffee beans per cup when he brewed(煮)coffee. Perhaps recent tales of caffeine excess (过量) featured the singer Robbie Williams, who reportedly consumed 36 cups of black coffee and 20 cans of Red Bull a day. It is the routine task itself, as much as the stimulating(刺激的)effects of caffeine, that makes the process so important, says Mason Currey, author of Daily Rituals: How Artists Work. ―A lot of artists use the process of making coffee as a gateway to the creative process,‖ he adds. ―You need to get into the right mindset to do that sort of work, and the preparation process provides a focus.‖ One problem with attempting to control caffeine, says Braun, is that it affects everyone differently –– it is impossible to work out a ―safe‖ limit that works for everyone. ―Eventually, you have to become your own scientist –– there isn’t an alternative to careful self-experimentation,‖ he says. 33. The examples of some famous people are given to show that _______. A. most artists like drinking coffee B. drinking coffee helps artists make more money C. there’s a link between drinking coffee and creating ideas D. drinking coffee makes artists become more successful 34. What leads to the artists’ creative process according to Mason Currey? A. Being lost in thought. C. Brewing the coffee. 35. What does Braun advise us to do in the end? A. To drink less coffee. C. To work out a safe level of caffeine use. 第二节 (共 5 小题, 每小题 2 分, 共 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项。 B. Never to limit caffeine use. D. Never to take more coffee than you need. B. Drinking the coffee. D. Getting a good mindset.
While it may seem like everyone surfs the web these days, there is fine line between casually checking your social media pages and having a full blown Internet addiction. If you fear that you may lose interest in other aspects of your life because you prefer to be on the Internet, you may be on your way to an Internet addiction. 36 Admit you are at risk of an addiction. More and more people in the world are becoming addicted to the Internet. You are not the only one with this problem; it is becoming more and more common and more and more well known. Set aside limited time for computer use. Make sure not to turn it on too many times a week. If you have a laptop, make sure to put it somewhere that you can remember but not somewhere that you see every day. Try keeping the lid closed when you are not using it; like a sheet. Call people instead of sending instant messages or texts. If you are free on weekends, call friends and ask them to go outside. This will distract you from the computer. 39 Use an alarm clock or timer. Before using your computer, decide on a time limit such as 30 minutes. Set the clock or timer and make sure that you get off the computer when the time is up. Alternatively create a shutdown timer on your desktop. 40 . 38 If you have a desktop PC, try not to go near it or put something over it 37 .
A. Make a small list of what you want to do within that time. B. When the computer is not looking at you, you are less likely to use it. C. This can be programmed to shutdown your computer after the set time D. Luckily, there are ways to avoid living your life in front of the computer. E. This will stop you from using the Internet so often or going on to another page. F. If you have a problem on weekdays, phone your friends or ask for help in person. G. Do not be embarrassed; find others with the same problem and help each other beat it. 第三部分：英语知识运用 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。
Elephants practice altruism (利他主义). An Indian elephant called Chandrasekharan lifted poles off a truck as it moved along, and placed them in the ground, he 42 to put the pole in. 44 41 43 . When Chandrasekharan came to one hole dug in , the owner checked and discovered a dog sleeping 45 is
in it. Only when the dog was typical of elephants.
would Chandrasekharan put the pole in. This sort of
Elephants really do have long
. Elephants eat an incredible variety of foods and need to 47 to go at what time of year. They learn this
cover large distances to get it. They need to know and 48 it. They also have 50 49
communication and societies. They need to remember all the
different individuals’ elephant never 51
and smells so as to be socially adept(精通的). The old saying, ―An
,‖ is fairly true. 52
I once had a love-hate relationship with an elephant in Zimbabwe in 1991. Every day I’d
out of the front gate and an elephant would attack my vehicle. And every day I’d rev(加速) my engine and 53 the door and tell him to get away and then we would go our 55 54 ways. Every single day this 56 them and then go for
happened without mine.
. If other vehicles came and went he would
One day I went out in a(n) changed, and he caught my smell. More recently it has been the development of dolphins and elephants. 41. A. holes 42. A. pretended 43. A. Suddenly 44. A. beaten 45. A. relationship 46. A. memories 47. A. whether 48. A. remember 49. A. close 50. A. tastes B. bags B. refused 60
57 58 59
vehicle, stopped nearby and watched for a while. The wind , he recognized me as usual. that spindle neurons(纺锤体神经元)play an important role in
behavior. Spindle neurons are found in the brains of humans, great apes,
C. trucks C. began C. Sadly C. gone C. expression C. noses C. when C. enjoy C. direct C. names
D. houses D. tried D. Eventually D. buried D. behavior D. teeth D. why D. show D. happy D. voices
B. Fortunately B. fed B. work B. stories B. where B. choose B. complex B. numbers
51. A. stops 52. A. just 53. A. paint 54. A. easy 55. A. fail 56. A. protect 57. A. old 58. A. At first 59. A. found 60. A. anxious
B. hesitates B. walk B. open B. separate B. pain B. attack B. expensive B. Of course B. understood B. terrible
C. forgets C. run C. hit C. proper C. help C. ignore C. large C. By the way C. recorded C. intelligent
D. returns D. drive D. repair D. familiar D. patience D. follow D. different D. On the contrary D. recommended D. strange
第二节：单项选择（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 61. Young children should be ______to be honest and happy. A. brought out B. brought up C. brought in D. brought down
62. At the end of the meeting, it was announced that an agreement ______. A. has reached B. had reached C. has been reached D. had been reached
63. _____ the Internet is making people closer, it may also be breaking some homes or will cause other family problems. A. When B. If C. As D. While
64. We ______the difficulty together, but why didn’t you call me? A. should face B. might face C. must have faced D. might have faced
65. They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, none of ______were carried out in their work. A. which B. them C. that D. what
66. As a matter of fact, scientists discovered no ______ of life in the Mars. A. signal B. mark C. sign D. symbol
67. Planning ahead so far ______no sense—so many things will have changed by next year. A. makes B. made C. is making D. has made
68. Follow your doctor ’s advice, ______ your illness will get better. A. then B. or C. and D. but
69. Don’t leave the water ______when you brush your teeth. A. run B. to run C. running D. being run
70. One advantage of living on the top floor is that you can get a good ______. A. sight B. view C. scene D. scenery
第三节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Have you ever imagined 71 (live) in 2116, 100 years from now? A recent study describes
robots, underwater cities and holidays in space. City planners and experts on space and architecture were asked 72 (give) their ideas on life in 2116. According to them, the way people live, work and play 73 how we do these things today. They also said that 25 years ago, people 74 the smart phones would change our lives. But today, both
will be totally different
couldn’t imagine how the Internet
have changed the way we communicate, learn and do daily things, and the changes in the next century will probably be even Those 76 75 (great).
(question) in the research said that people may not go to offices in the future but will 77 78 download a design for will also be less need
work at home instead. People will have advanced 3D printers that will let furniture or a food recipe and then ―print‖ the sofa, table or pizza at home.
for visits to the doctor. People will have a home health capsule that will ―diagnose‖ what the problem is and provide 79 (treat). They will also be going into space for holidays, and 80 (hopeful), to get
resources that have been used up on the earth. 第二卷（共一部分 35 分） 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）(答案写在答题卡上) 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题, 每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分 Yesterday my friend Julia and me had lunch in the Pizza Hut behind our school. I knew Julia wasn’t crazy about pizzas, but she came along just because me. At the table next to ours, there were two guys from our class. One of them was real funny. He tried to imitate all the customer in the Pizza Hut. We couldn’t stop to laughing. And there were some people whom did not like the fact that two boys were imitating them.
They complained to an owner of the Pizza Hut, so he came over and tell them to stop. Seeing it, Julia and I was greatly embarrassed. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设大庆电视台打算开办“All-around Daqing” 的英文节目，节目编辑助理 John 就该节目向广 大中学生征求意见。假如你是学生李华，请根据以下内容给 John 写一封信： 1. 该节目应当介绍当地的历史、教育、饮食文化、著名景点； 2. 播出时间应安排在每周六晚上，方便学生看； 3. 希望学生们有机会参与主持该节目。 提示词：主持：host 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 信的开头和结尾已给出，但不计入总词数。 Dear John, I’ve learned that you’re going to set up an English program All-around Daqing for middle school students._______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua
听力： 1-20 BCCBA CAABB CCABA CBACB
阅读： 21-40 BDBC CBBA DDCB CCD DGBFC 完型： 41-60 ABDCD ABABD CDCBA 单选： 61-70 BDDDA CACCB 语法填空： 71. living 76. questioned 改错： 1. me—I 2. because 后加 of 3. real—really 4. customer—customers 5. stop 后 to 去掉 6.And—But 7. whom—who 8. an —the 作文范文： Dear John, I’ve learned that you’re going to set up an English program All-around Daqing for middle school students. So I’m writing to make some suggestions. Firstly, the program should cover the topics like the history and education of Daqing. Secondly, it will be very interesting if the program is to cover the famous scenic spots of Daqing. Thirdly, I think local food is a must, for food is born out of culture. And I hope the program will be broadcast on Saturday evenings, when we students are free to watch it. Lat but not least, I’d suggest that students be given some chances to host the program. If you could take my suggestions into consideration, I would be more than happy and thankful. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 9. tell —told 10. was —were 72. to give 77. them 73. from 78. There 74. and 79. treatment 75. greater 80. hopefully CDBAC